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Polyaniline nanofibers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307070/polyaniline-based-adsorbents-for-removal-of-hexavalent-chromium-from-aqueous-solution-a-mini-review
#1
Yilin Jiang, Zhifeng Liu, Guangming Zeng, Yujie Liu, Binbin Shao, Zhigang Li, Yang Liu, Wei Zhang, Qingyun He
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) is a common hazardous contaminant in the environment and carcinogenic or mutagenic to aquatic animals and human beings. Therefore, the removal and detoxification of Cr(VI) have been attracting increasing attention of researchers. Among various conducting polymers, polyaniline (PANI)-based adsorbents have shown an excellent performance on the removal of Cr(VI) because of their redox properties, eased synthesis, and favorable biocompatibility. In this review, the characteristics of various PANI-based adsorbents were described, including PANI-modified nanofiber mats and membranes, PANI/bio-adsorbents, PANI/magnetic adsorbents, PANI/carbon adsorbents, PANI-modified clay composites, and PANI-inorganic hybrid composites...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299559/ultrasensitive-electrochemical-immunoassay-for-melanoma-cells-using-mesoporous-polyaniline
#2
M U Anu Prathap, Carlos Iván Rodríguez, Omer Sadak, Jiehao Guan, Vijayasaradhi Setaluri, Sundaram Gunasekaran
We report the development of an antibody (anti-MC1R antibody)-functionalized polyaniline nanofibers modified screen-printed electrode capable of efficient electrochemical detection of melanoma cells at levels (1 cell per mL) not readily achieved by other methods. This immunosensor is highly selective in its detection of melanoma cells over normal human cells.
January 4, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239451/metal-polymer-interface-influences-apparent-electrical-properties-of-nano-structured-polyaniline-films
#3
John R Aggas, William Harrell, Jodie Lutkenhaus, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie
The interface between the conductive polymer, polyaniline (PAn-Cl), and gold, platinum, or an interceding layer of electrodeposited platinum on gold or platinum, markedly influences the apparent electrical properties and the electronic to ionic transition in physiological buffers. Polyester-supported, sputter-deposited gold and platinum thin films were laser patterned to yield co-planar Thin Film Electrodes (TFEs) suitable for platinization and deposition of PAn-Cl nanofibers. Electrodeposition of platinum from chloroplatinic acid (50 mC cm-2) onto gold produced larger feature sizes and larger surface roughness (23...
December 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207463/synthesis-and-characterization-of-polyaniline-graphene-composite-nanofiber-and-its-application-as-an-electrochemical-dna-biosensor-for-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#4
Fatimah Syahidah Mohamad, Mohd Hazani Mat Zaid, Jaafar Abdullah, Ruzniza Mohd Zawawi, Hong Ngee Lim, Yusran Sulaiman, Norizah Abdul Rahman
This article describes chemically modified polyaniline and graphene (PANI/GP) composite nanofibers prepared by self-assembly process using oxidative polymerization of aniline monomer and graphene in the presence of a solution containing poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) (PMVEA). Characterization of the composite nanofibers was carried out by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM images revealed the size of the PANI nanofibers ranged from 90 to 360 nm in diameter and was greatly influenced by the proportion of PMVEA and graphene...
December 2, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195179/fe-polyaniline-composite-nanofiber-catalyst-for-chemoselective-hydrolysis-of-oxime
#5
Sanjit Kumar Mahato, Madhumita Bhaumik, Arun Maji, Abhijit Dutta, Debabrata Maiti, Arjun Maity
A facile chemoselective one-pot strategy for the deprotection of oxime has been developed using Fe0-polyaniline composite nanofiber (Fe0-PANI), as a catalyst. Nano material based Fe0-PANI catalyst has been synthesized via in-situ polymerization of ANI monomer and followed by reductive deposition of Fe0 onto PANI matrix. The catalyst was characterized by FE-SEM, HR-TEM, BET, XRD, ATR-FTIR, XPS and VSM techniques. The scope of the transformation was studied for aryl, alkyl and heteroarylketoxime with excellent chemoselectivity (>99%)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113129/atmospheric-pressure-plasma-polymerization-synthesis-and-characterization-of-polyaniline-films-doped-with-and-without-iodine
#6
Choon-Sang Park, Eun Young Jung, Dong Ha Kim, Do Yeob Kim, Hyung-Kun Lee, Bhum Jae Shin, Dong Ho Lee, Heung-Sik Tae
Although polymerized aniline (polyaniline, PANI) with and without iodine (I₂) doping has already been extensively studied, little work has been done on the synthesis of PANI films using atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) deposition. Therefore, this study characterized pure and I₂-doped PANI films synthesized using an advanced APP polymerization system. The I₂ doping was conducted ex-situ and using an I₂ chamber method following the APP deposition. The pure and I₂-doped PANI films were structurally analyzed using field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), atomic force microscope (AFM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) studies...
November 6, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029744/hydrogels-of-polyaniline-with-graphene-oxide-for-highly-sensitive-electrochemical-determination-of-lead-ions
#7
S Muralikrishna, D H Nagaraju, R Geetha Balakrishna, Werasak Surareungchai, T Ramakrishnappa, Avinash B Shivanandareddy
Conducting polymers with graphene/graphene oxide hydrogels represent a unique class of electrode materials for sensors and energy storage applications. In this article, we report a facile in situ method for the polymerisation of aniline resulting in the decoration of 1D conducting polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers onto the surface of 2D graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets followed by hydrogel formation at elevated temperature. The synthesized nanomaterial exhibits significant properties for the highly sensitive electrochemical determination as well as removal of environmentally harmful lead (Pb(2+)) ions...
October 16, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023089/gelatin-polyaniline-composite-nanofibers-enhanced-excitation-contraction-coupling-system-maturation-in-myotubes
#8
Serge Ostrovidov, Majid Ebrahimi, Hojae Bae, Hung Kim Nguyen, Sahar Salehi, Sang Bok Kim, Akichika Kumatani, Tomokazu Matsue, Xuetao Shi, Ken Nakajima, Shizu Hidema, Makoto Osanai, Ali Khademhosseini
In this study, composite gelatin-polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers doped with camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) was fabricated by electrospinning and used as substrates to culture C2C12 myoblast cells. We observed enhanced myotube formation on composite gelatin-PANI nanofibers compared to gelatin nanofibers, concomitantly with enhanced myotube maturation. Thus, in myotubes, intracellular organization, co-localization of the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) and ryanodine receptor (RyR), expression of genes correlated to the excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling apparatus, calcium transients, and myotube contractibility were increased...
October 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993628/oxidized-g-c3n4-polyaniline-nanofiber-composite-for-the-selective-removal-of-hexavalent-chromium
#9
Rajeev Kumar, M A Barakat, F A Alseroury
Nanomaterials with selective adsorption properties are in demand for environmental applications. Herein, acid etching and oxidative decomposition of melon units of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) was performed to obtain the oxidized graphitic carbon nitride (Ox-g-C3N4) nanosheets. Ox- g-C3N4 nanosheets were further decorated on the polyaniline nanofiber (Ox-g-C3N4/Pani-NF). Ox-g-C3N4/Pani-NF was well characterized and further applied for a selective removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) form aqueous solution...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771114/beneficial-effect-of-aligned-nanofiber-scaffolds-with-electrical-conductivity-for-the-directional-guide-of-cells
#10
Bon Kang Gu, Sang Jun Park, Chun-Ho Kim
Conducting polymer-based scaffolds receive biological and electrical signals from the extracellular matrix (ECM) or peripheral cells, thereby promoting cell growth and differentiation. Chitin, a natural polymer, is widely used as a scaffold because it is biocompatible, biodegradable, and nontoxic. In this study, we used an electrospinning technique to fabricate conductive scaffolds from aligned chitin/polyaniline (Chi/PANi) nanofibers for the directional guidance of cells. Pure chitin and random and aligned Chi/PANi nanofiber scaffolds were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and by assessing wettability, mechanical properties, and electrical conductivity...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632137/electrospun-silk-polyaniline-conduits-for-functional-nerve-regeneration-in-rat-sciatic-nerve-injury-model
#11
Suradip Das, Manav Sharma, Dhiren Saharia, Kushal Sarma, Elizabeth Muir, Utpal Bora
The present study describes the fabrication of polyaniline-silk fibroin nanocomposite based nerve conduits and its subsequent implantation in a rat sciatic nerve injury model for peripheral nerve regeneration. This is the first in vivo study of polyaniline based nerve conduit describing the safety and efficacy of the conduits in treating peripheral nerve injuries. The nanocomposite was synthesised by electrospinning a mixture of silk fibroin protein and polyaniline wherein the silk nanofibers were observed to be uniformly coated with polyaniline nanoparticles...
June 20, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599179/a-needle-type-glucose-biosensor-based-on-pani-nanofibers-and-pu-e-pu-membrane-for-long-term-invasive-continuous-monitoring
#12
Lu Fang, Bo Liang, Guang Yang, Yichuan Hu, Qin Zhu, Xuesong Ye
A minimally invasive glucose biosensor capable of continuous monitoring of subcutaneous glucose has been developed in this study. This sensor was prepared using electropolymerized conductive polymer polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers as an enzyme immobilization material and polyurethane (PU)/epoxy-enhanced polyurethane (E-PU) bilayer coating as a protective membrane. The sensor showed almost the same sensitivity (63nA/mM) and linearity (0-20mM with the correlation coefficient r(2) of 0.9997) in both PBS and bovine serum tests...
April 28, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540957/a-skin-integrated-transparent-and-stretchable-strain-sensor-with-interactive-color-changing-electrochromic-displays
#13
Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535471/graphene-oxide-supported-carbon-nanofiber-like-network-derived-from-polyaniline-a-novel-composite-for-enhanced-glucose-oxidase-bioelectrode-performance
#14
Zepeng Kang, Kailong Jiao, Xinping Xu, Ruiyun Peng, Shuqiang Jiao, Zongqian Hu
A three-dimensional architecture of PANI@GO hybrid was synthesized via in-situ polymerization of aniline monomers on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) and carbonized at 1600°C. The SEM images showed that surfaces of planar GO were covered by a compact nanofiber-like polyaniline (PANI) layer which presented an interconnected network. Nanofiber-like PANI on the GO surface was mostly preserved and became the carbon nanofibers (CNFs) after carbonization. The TEM images showed that the carbonized PANI grew seamlessly on the GO surface and served as conductive "network" between interlayers of GO...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526848/room-temperature-magnetism-in-carbon-dots-and-enhanced-ferromagnetism-in-carbon-dots-polyaniline-nanocomposite
#15
Jian Liu, Hong Bi, Paulo Cesar Morais, Xiang Zhang, Fapei Zhang, Lin Hu
Room temperature magnetic ordering is reported for very small carbon dots (CDs), mat-like polyaniline nanofibers (Mat-PANI) and a composite of CDs@Mat-PANI containing 0.315 wt% CDs. We have found saturation magnetization (M S ) of CDs, Mat-PANI and CDs@Mat-PANI at 5 (20/300) K equals to 0.0079 (0.0048/0.0019), 0.0116 (0.0065/0.0055) and 0.0349 (0.0085/0.0077) emu/g, respectively. The M S enhancement in CDs@Mat-PANI (200% and 40% at 5 K and 300 K, respectively) is attributed to electron transfer from Mat-PANI imine N-atoms to the encapsulated CDs...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494717/gelatin-as-biomaterial-for-tissue-engineering
#16
Mari C Echave, Laura S Burgo, Jose L Pedraz, Gorka Orive
Tissue engineering is considered one of the most important therapeutic strategies of regenerative medicine. The main objective of these new technologies is the development of substitutes made with biomaterials that are able to heal, repair or regenerate injured or diseased tissues and organs. These constructs seek to unlock the limited ability of human tissues and organs to regenerate. In this review, we highlight the convenient intrinsic properties of gelatin for the design and development of advanced systems for tissue engineering...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488855/filtration-and-electrochemical-disinfection-performance-of-pan-pani-agnws-cc-composite-nanofiber-membrane
#17
Junjie Wen, Xiaojun Tan, Yongyou Hu, Qian Guo, Xuesen Hong
The removal and inactivation of waterborne pathogens from drinking water are important for human health. Here, a polyacrylonitrile/polyaniline/silver nanowires-carbon fiber cloth (PAN/PANI/AgNWs-CC) composite nanofiber membrane was fabricated using a simple and rapid coelectrospinning process, and an electrical device was applied with the PAN/PANI/AgNWs-CC filter for water electrochemical disinfection. The effects of voltage, flow rate, and microbial concentration on the filtration and electrochemical disinfection performance of the nanocomposite membrane were investigated...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471169/simple-and-mediator-free-urea-sensing-based-on-engineered-nanodiamonds-with-polyaniline-nanofibers-synthesized-in-situ
#18
Vanish Kumar, Rashmi Mahajan, Inderpreet Kaur, Ki-Hyun Kim
In an effort to develop a simple and mediator-free sensing media for urea, a polyaniline (PANI) and graphitized nanodiamond (GND) nanocomposite was prepared at room temperature via an in situ interfacial polymerization approach. The interaction of ions produced during the hydrolysis of urea with nanomaterial was utilized for the amperometric sensing of urea. The performance of this composite (GND/PANI) was evaluated for the detection of urea referenced to PANI. Accordingly, both platforms exhibited good linearity across a varying concentration of 0...
May 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427673/sonocatalytic-rapid-degradation-of-congo-red-dye-from-aqueous-solution-using-magnetic-fe-0-polyaniline-nanofibers
#19
Raghunath Das, Madhumita Bhaumik, Somnath Giri, Arjun Maity
Nano-sized magnetic Fe(0)/polyaniline (Fe(0)/PANI) nanofibers were used as an effective material for sonocatalytic degradation of organic anionic Congo red (CR) dye. Fe(0)/PANI, was synthesized via reductive deposition of nano-Fe(0) onto the PANI nanofibers at room temperature. Prepared catalyst was characterized using HR-TEM, FE-SEM, XRD, FTIR instruments. The efficacy of catalyst in removing CR was assessed colorimetrically using UV-visible spectroscopy under different experimental conditions such as % of Fe(0) loading into the composite material, solution pH, initial concentration of dye, catalyst dosage, temperature and ultrasonic power...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422044/design-of-flexible-pani-coated-cuo-tio2-sio2-heterostructure-nanofibers-with-high-ammonia-sensing-response-values
#20
Zengyuan Pang, Qingxin Nie, Pengfei Lv, Jian Yu, Fenglin Huang, Qufu Wei
We report a room-temperature ammonia sensor with extra high response values and ideal flexibility, including polyaniline (PANI)-coated titanium dioxide-silicon dioxide (TiO2-SiO2) or copper oxide-titanium dioxide-silicon dioxide (CuO-TiO2-SiO2) composite nanofibers. Such flexible inorganic TiO2-SiO2 and CuO-TiO2-SiO2 composite nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning, followed by calcination. Then, in situ polymerization of aniline monomers was carried out with inorganic TiO2-SiO2 and CuO-TiO2-SiO2 composite nanofibers as templates...
April 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
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