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Plastic bronchitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098106/a-rare-case-of-idiopathic-plastic-bronchitis
#1
Mohammed Raoufi, Leila Achachi, Fatima Zahra Mrabet, Laila Herrak, Mustapha El Ftouh, Najoua Bourhroum, Nezha Ouazzani Taibi
Plastic bronchitis is a rare disorder characterized by formation of large, branching bronchial casts, which are often expectorated. We present an interesting case of a 35-year-old woman who presented for evaluation of a chronic cough productive of voluminous secretions. Clinical and radiological examination confirmed a total left lung atelectasis without any pathological mediastinal node. Flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated tenacious, thick, and sticky whitish secretions blocking the left stem bronchus. This material was extracted, and inspection demonstrated a bronchial cast, whose pathological analysis revealed necrotic epithelial cells, some eosinophils, and Charcot-Leyden crystals...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082544/echocardiographic-characteristics-in-fontan-patients-before-the-onset-of-protein-losing-enteropathy-or-plastic-bronchitis
#2
Florian Du Bois, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Bettina Unseld, Rouven Kubicki, René Hoehn, Katja Reineker, Jochen Grohmann, Thilo Fleck
BACKGROUND: It was this study's objective to evaluate the echocardiographic characteristics and flow patterns in abdominal arteries of Fontan patients before the onset of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) or plastic bronchitis (PB). DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort investigation, we examined 170 Fontan patients from 32 different centers who had undergone echocardiographic and Doppler ultrasound examinations between June 2006 and May 2013. Follow-up questionnaires were completed by 105 patients a median of 5...
October 29, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076654/the-respiratory-system-in-pediatric-chronic-heart-disease
#3
REVIEW
Sotiria C Apostolopoulou
Cardiovascular disease in the pediatric population closely affects the respiratory system inducing water retention in the lungs and pulmonary edema, airway compression by cardiovascular structures, restrictive pulmonary physiology as a result of hemodynamic changes and surgical repair, susceptibility to respiratory infections, development of pulmonary hypertension, thrombosis, or hemorrhage. Chronic heart failure and congenital heart disease are characterized by various respiratory manifestations and symptoms mimicking lung disease, which are frequently difficult to diagnose and treat...
December 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019760/mr-lymphangiography-in-children-technique-and-potential-applications
#4
Govind B Chavhan, Joao G Amaral, Michael Temple, Maxim Itkin
The lymphatic system, an important component of the circulatory system with essential physiologic functions, can be affected by various disease processes. There has been a delay in the development of effective imaging methods for the lymphatic system due to its small size, which limits visualization as well as introduction of contrast material. Traditionally, the lymphatic system has been imaged by injecting contrast material or radiotracers into the feet or hands. This is not sufficient for assessment of the central conducting lymphatics (CCLs) (such as the thoracic duct or the cisterna chyli)...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901223/the-lymphatic-system-the-achilles-heel-of-the-fontan-kreutzer-circulation
#5
REVIEW
Christian Kreutzer, Guillermo Kreutzer
In spite of excellent long term survival the Fontan Kreutzer procedure commonly presents late failure due to end-organ damage. Several advances have been described to refine single ventricle management and surgical techniques. However, very little research has been dedicated to the lymphatic circulation in the precarious Fontan hemodynamic state. The lymphatic circulation is clearly affected since there is increased lymph production, which requires to be drained at a similar or higher pressure than it is produced, commonly resulting in chronic lymphedema...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869334/percutaneous-thoracic-duct-intervention-to-treat-plastic-bronchitis-related-to-fontan-palliation
#6
Eric M DePopas, Livia A Veress, Farres Ahmed, Christopher M Rausch, Aparna Annam, Rajan Gupta
Plastic bronchitis is a life-threatening condition of airway obstructive cast formation. This pediatric case series from a high altitude center details the course of three patients after percutaneous thoracic duct interventions for refractory plastic bronchitis, with a follow-up interval of 3.5 years. In two patients, where cisterna chyli maceration (patients 2) or thoracic duct embolization (patient 3) was performed, a sustained clinical improvement is shown, with no subsequent cast recurrence. In patient 1, cisterna chyli maceration resulted in partial improvement...
November 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845873/-late-complications-of-fontan-operation
#7
Alessandro Frigiola, Mauro Lo Rito
Complex univentricular heart defects are treated with the Fontan operation that consists in the diversion of the systemic venous return to the pulmonary arteries. Currently, the operation is achieved through a staged approach and with the use of prosthetic extracardiac conduits to connect the inferior vena cava to the pulmonary arteries. The improvement of early and late survival allowed these patients to reach adulthood, although long-term complications remain a relevant problem. Most of the complications are caused by chronic systemic venous hypertension due to the lack of a pumping sub-pulmonary ventricle...
September 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833533/the-thoracic-duct-and-the-fontan-patient
#8
Cassandra Sung, John L Bass, James M Berry, Charles W Shepard, Bruce Lindgren, Lazaros K Kochilas
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging of adults with heart failure and increased central venous pressure (CVP) has shown significant thoracic duct (TD) dilation from impedance in lymphatic drainage. Elevated CVP and abnormal lymphatic drainage are implicated in severe Fontan complications, including protein losing enteropathy (PLE) and plastic bronchitis (PB). Systematic studies of TD and lymphatic circulation in children are limited, and their cervical TD normative values have not been established...
September 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783102/the-pulmonary-circulation-in-the-single-ventricle-patient
#9
REVIEW
Amanda Hauck, Nicolas Porta, Steven Lestrud, Stuart Berger
In recent decades, survival of children with complex congenital heart disease has improved considerably. Specifically, children with a variety of congenital heart defects resulting in 'single ventricle' physiology can now undergo palliative surgery that allows survival beyond the neonatal period, and in many cases into adulthood, despite having a single functional ventricular pumping chamber supplying both the pulmonary and systemic circulation. Our growing understanding of the functionally univentricular heart has resulted in freedom from Fontan failure of >50% at 25 years post-Fontan...
August 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642998/plastic-bronchitis-a-rare-complication-of-long-term-haemodialysis-catheter-placement-in-a-child
#10
Simon Carter, Dayna van de Hoef, Michael Temple, Elizabeth Harvey, Suhail Al-Saleh, Christoph Licht, Damien Noone
BACKGROUND: Despite peritoneal dialysis being the preferred mode of renal replacement therapy in neonates and infants, long-term haemodialysis may be necessary in a minority of patients with its attendant risks. CASE DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: This case identifies plastic bronchitis as a rare yet serious complication of long-term large bore vascular access when a vessel-sparing approach is not possible. CONCLUSIONS: An appropriately sized catheter should be used for the dialytic therapy required and to optimize access survival...
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534240/an-early-glenn-operation-may-be-associated-with-the-later-occurrence-of-protein-losing-enteropathy-in-fontan-patients-association-of-early-glenn-and-failing-fontan
#11
Bettina Unseld, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Florian du Bois, Johannes Kroll, Jochen Grohmann, Thilo Fleck
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and plastic bronchitis (PB) are major causes of long-term mortality after Fontan operation. The objective of this study was to determine early clinical risk factors before the onset of PLE and PB. In a cohort study, 106 Fontan patients between 2005 and 2013 were examined. A median of 5.3 (1.5-8.5) years later, follow-up questionnaires were used to group the patients in a PLE or PB group (n = 14) and a non-PLE/PB group (n = 92). Prevalence of PLE was 9.4% (n = 10) and of PB 3...
August 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528062/successful-thoracic-duct-ligation-for-plastic-bronchitis-in-an-adult
#12
Nicholas R Hess, Christopher Piercecchi, Nikita Desai, Micah R Fisher, Eun-Hyung Lee, Seth D Force
Plastic bronchitis is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease characterized by the development of obstructive fibrinous tracheobronchial casts and hypoxic respiratory failure. With its poorly understood cause and rare occurrence in the adult population, few treatment strategies have been described in adults with this condition. In this report, we present a case of successful treatment of an adult with plastic bronchitis, using thoracic duct ligation and resulting in full resolution of airway cast development...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443234/plastic-bronchitis-an-unusual-complication-of-acute-chest-syndrome-in-adult
#13
Sarah Feray, Pierre Mora, Maxens Decavele, Tài Pham, El Mahdi Hafiani, Muriel Fartoukh
Plastic bronchitis is used to designate endobronchial plugs of rubber-like consistency that form into bronchial trees. It has been described in several diseases like asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary infection, cyanotic congenital heart disease and in few young children with homozygous sickle cell disease. We report the first sickle cell adult case of plastic bronchitis during acute chest syndrome. He developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. This unusual presentation related to obstruction by voluminous casts may alert physicians to focus more on the bronchi in sickle cell patients...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385177/effect-of-fontan-associated-morbidities-on-survival-with-intact-fontan-circulation
#14
Kiona Y Allen, Tacy E Downing, Andrew C Glatz, Lindsay S Rogers, Chitra Ravishankar, Jack Rychik, Stephanie Fuller, Lisa M Montenegro, James M Steven, Thomas L Spray, Susan C Nicolson, James William Gaynor, David J Goldberg
Although survival after the Fontan operation has improved, little is known about the burden of major medical morbidities associated with the modern total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). A total of 773 consecutive patients who underwent a first Fontan operation at our institution between 1992 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. All subjects underwent TCPC (53% lateral tunnel, 47% extracardiac conduit). Median length of follow-up was 5.3 years (interquartile range 1.4 to 11.2), and 30% had follow-up >10 years...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373346/a-lesson-in-plasticity-a-74-year-old-man-with-plastic-bronchitis
#15
Anand Shah, Jackie Donovan, Phil Marino, Pallav L Shah, Anand Devaraj, Kshama Wechalekar, Toby M Maher, Michael R Loebinger, Robert Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365186/plastic-bronchitis-in-a-patient-with-silicosis
#16
José Jesús Blanco Pérez, Victoria Arnalich Montiel, José Luis Guerra Vales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210768/the-lymphatic-circulation-in-adaptations-to-the-fontan-circulation
#17
REVIEW
Sabarinath Menon, Murthy Chennapragada, Shinya Ugaki, Gary F Sholler, Julian Ayer, David S Winlaw
Failing Fontan continues to be major problem for patients on the univentricular pathway. Failing Fontan is often complicated by chylothorax, plastic bronchitis and protein loosing enteropathy. The role of lymphatic circulation in Fontan circulation is still being researched. Newer imaging modalities give insight into the role of abnormal dilatation and retrograde flow in lymphatic channels post Fontan. Interventional strategies targeting abnormal lymphatic channels, provides an alternative management strategy for patients with failing Fontan...
June 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101662/strategies-to-prevent-cast-formation-in-patients-with-plastic-bronchitis-undergoing-heart-transplantation
#18
John J Parent, Robert K Darragh, Jeffrey G Gossett, Thomas D Ryan, Chet R Villa, Angela Lorts, John L Jefferies, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clifford Chin
Plastic bronchitis, a rare complication after Fontan palliation, carries a high morbidity and mortality risk. Heart transplantation is an effective treatment option, but casts may occur in the early post-operative period. We present a case series detailing peri-operative management strategies to minimize morbidity and mortality related to plastic bronchitis in patients undergoing heart transplantation. Patient 1 received no treatment pre-, intra-, or post-transplant for prevention of bronchial casts and developed severe respiratory acidosis 18 h following transplant...
June 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096997/bronchial-tree-shaped-mucous-plug-in-cystic-fibrosis-imaging-guided-management
#19
Ignazio Salamone, Baldassare Mondello, Maria Cristina Lucanto, Simona Cristadoro, Mariangela Lombardo, Mario Barone
We report the case of a 17-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis (CF) who presented with persistent cough; after starting intravenous antibiotics for Pseudomonas aeruginosa he underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest. CT revealed extensive consolidation in the right lower lobe with relative bronchus obstruction; the cause of bronchial obstruction was detected in the mediastinal window, corresponding to a bronchial tree-shaped, thick, tenacious mucous plug. This was extracted 48 h after unresponsive bronchial washing and endobronchial instillation of rhDNAse, using foreign-body forceps, with subsequent resolution of cough...
March 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993326/interventional-treatment-of-pulmonary-lymphatic-anomalies
#20
REVIEW
Maxim Itkin
Pulmonary lymphatic diseases have been recognized for many years and have been referred as pulmonary lymphangiectasia, pulmonary lymphangiomatosis, plastic bronchitis, and idiopathic chylothorax or chylopericardium. The lymphatic etiology of these conditions has been determined by detection of cystic lymphatic structures on biopsy or postmortem examination. Development of new imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography has allowed better understanding of pathophysiology of these conditions...
December 2016: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
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