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Diffuse lung disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229107/clinical-characterization-of-52-patients-with-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-in-a-single-tertiary-center-in-japan-special-reference-to-lung-disease-in-thoracic-high-resolution-computed-tomography
#1
Takeshi Saraya, Kosuke Ohkuma, Masachika Fujiwara, Chika Miyaoka, Shoko Wada, Takayasu Watanabe, Sunao Mikura, Manami Inoue, Miku Oda, Mitsuru Sada, Yukari Ogawa, Kojiro Honda, Masaki Tamura, Takuma Yokoyama, Daisuke Kurai, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare multi-organ disorder. Physicians rarely encounter patients with IgG4-RD and its range of symptoms. METHODS: To elucidate the clinical characterization of IgG4-RD, along with the clinical significance of lung involvement, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who satisfied the comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD. RESULTS: We identified 52 patients with IgG4-RD...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229105/pulmonary-function-and-diffusion-capacity-are-associated-with-pulmonary-arterial-systolic-pressure-in-the-general-population-the-rotterdam-study
#2
Daan W Loth, Lies Lahousse, Maarten J G Leening, Bouwe P Krijthe, Janine F Felix, Henning Gall, Albert Hofman, H Ardeschir Ghofrani, Oscar H Franco, Bruno H Stricker, Guy G Brusselle
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is a progressive heterogeneous syndrome, characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure which can lead to right ventricular failure. Although the presence of elevated pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) in patients with a lung disease is a well-known occurrence, little is known about the association between pulmonary function and PASP in the general population. We hypothesized that pulmonary function and PASP are associated, irrespective of airflow limitation...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225882/resection-of-unicentric-interlobar-castleman-disease-with-following-adjuvant-radiotherapy
#3
Bruno Sarana, Jana Jaal, Hannes Tamm, Tanel Laisaar
A 22-year-old female patient with rare interlobar unicentric Castleman disease is presented. The tumour was discovered incidentally and thoracoscopic biopsy was planned to rule out malignancy. Due to dense adhesions to the adjacent anatomical structures and diffuse bleeding when mobilizing the tumour, a thoracoscopic approach was converted to thoracotomy. The tumour was removed without lung resection. Adjuvant radiotherapy was used to avoid possible recurrence of the disease. During the follow-up of 6 years, the patient remains free of any symptoms and evidence of recurrence...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223948/-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-a-series-of-nine-cases-with-surgical-lung-biopsy
#4
Ricardo A Gómez Tejada, Cora G Legarreta, Juan Ignacio Enghelmayer, Milagros Dianti, Silvana Acuña, Gloria Olmedo
In a series of nine patients with histopathological diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, we retrospectively evaluated clinical data, exposure related factors, pulmonary function tests and chest computed tomography scans. A restrictive abnormality with reduction of diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide was mainly found. Chest scans showed fibrotic patterns in most cases; ground glass attenuation areas with mosaic pattern and consolidation in the rest. Exposure to avian antigens, cereal grains and air conditioners contaminated with fungi yeasts and bacteria, were suspected from clinical data in two-thirds of the cases...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222007/current-concepts-in-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management-of-smoking-related-interstitial-lung-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Anupam Kumar, Sujith V Cherian, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Tobacco exposure results in various changes to the airways and lung parenchyma. While emphysema represents the more common injury pattern, in some individuals, cigarette smoke injures alveolar epithelial and other lung cells resulting in diffuse infiltrates and parenchymal fibrosis. Smoking can trigger interstitial injury patterns mediated via recruitment and inappropriate persistence of myeloid and other immune cells including eosinophils. As our understanding of the role of cigarette smoke constituents in triggering lung injury continues to evolve, so does our recognition of the spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung changes...
December 5, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221318/lung-densitometry-why-how-and-when
#6
REVIEW
Mario Mascalchi, Gianna Camiciottoli, Stefano Diciotti
Lung densitometry assesses with computed tomography (CT) the X-ray attenuation of the pulmonary tissue which reflects both the degree of inflation and the structural lung abnormalities implying decreased attenuation, as in emphysema and cystic diseases, or increased attenuation, as in fibrosis. Five reasons justify replacement with lung densitometry of semi-quantitative visual scales used to measure extent and severity of diffuse lung diseases: (I) improved reproducibility; (II) complete vs. discrete assessment of the lung tissue; (III) shorter computation times; (IV) better correlation with pathology quantification of pulmonary emphysema; (V) better or equal correlation with pulmonary function tests (PFT)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220407/respiratory-resistance-and-reactance-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-anemia-correlation-with-functional-exercise-capacity-and-diagnostic-use
#7
Cirlene de Lima Marinho, Maria Christina Paixão Maioli, Jorge Luis Machado do Amaral, Agnaldo José Lopes, Pedro Lopes de Melo
BACKGROUND: The improvement in sickle cell anemia (SCA) care resulted in the emergence of a large population of adults living with this disease. The mechanisms of lung injury in this new population are largely unknown. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) represents the current state-of-the-art in the assessment of lung function. The present work uses the FOT to improve our knowledge about the respiratory abnormalities in SCA, evaluates the associations of FOT with the functional exercise capacity and investigates the early detection of respiratory abnormalities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219887/short-term-automated-quantification-of-radiologic-changes-in-the-characterization-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-versus-nonspecific-interstitial-pneumonia-and-prediction-of-long-term-survival
#8
Federica De Giacomi, Sushravya Raghunath, Ronald Karwoski, Brian J Bartholmai, Teng Moua
PURPOSE: Fibrotic interstitial lung diseases presenting with nonspecific and overlapping radiologic findings may be difficult to diagnose without surgical biopsy. We hypothesized that baseline quantifiable radiologic features and their short-term interval change may be predictive of underlying histologic diagnosis as well as long-term survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) presenting without honeycombing versus nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty biopsy-confirmed IPF and 20 biopsy-confirmed NSIP patients with available high-resolution chest computed tomography 4 to 24 months apart were studied...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212838/long-term-macrolides-in-diffuse-interstitial-lung-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Paola Faverio, Francesco Bini, Adriano Vaghi, Alberto Pesci
In the present review we provide currently available evidence for the use of macrolides in the treatment of diffuse interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Up to now, research on macrolides has mainly focused on three areas. First, macrolides have shown some promising results in cellular models and case reports as antifibrotic agents, by promoting autophagy and clearance of intracellular protein aggregates and acting as regulators of surfactant homeostasis. Secondly, macrolides have an immunomodulatory effect, which has been applied in some organising pneumonia cases...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212510/factors-affecting-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-idiopathic-nonspecific-interstitial-pneumonia-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Sang Hoon Lee, Moo Suk Park, Song Yee Kim, Dong Soon Kim, Young Whan Kim, Man Pyo Chung, Soo Taek Uh, Choon Sik Park, Sung Woo Park, Sung Hwan Jeong, Yong Bum Park, Hong Lyeol Lee, Jong Wook Shin, Eun Joo Lee, Jin Hwa Lee, Yangin Jegal, Hyun Kyung Lee, Yong Hyun Kim, Jin Woo Song, Jong Sun Park
BACKGROUND: The effects of corticosteroid-based therapy in patients with idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (iNSIP), and factors affecting treatment outcome, are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate the long-term treatment response and factors affecting the treatment outcome in iNSIP patients from a multi-center study in Korea. METHODS: The Korean interstitial lung disease (ILD) Study Group surveyed ILD patients from 2003 to 2007. Patients were divided into two groups to compare the treatment response: response group (forced vital capacity (FVC) improves ≥10% after 1 year) and non-response group (FVC <10%)...
December 6, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210751/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-lung-cancer-inter-relationships
#11
Abhishek Biswas, Hiren J Mehta, Erik E Folch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well established risk factor for lung cancer. Newer studies reveal a myriad of other mechanisms, some proven and some putative, which may contribute to their association. RECENT FINDINGS: There is an ever-growing bundle of evidence that suggests a close association between persistent chronic inflammation and lung cancer. A few potential targets of genetic susceptibility locus for COPD and lung cancer have been suggested...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203758/-diffuse-idiopathic-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-cell-hyperplasia-dipnech-an-overview-of-the-cases-diagnosed-at-the-department-of-thoracic-surgery-in-the-years-2010-2014
#12
Mariusz Stefański, Krzysztof Bruliński, Marianna Stefańska
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC) are present in the normal lungs with the incidence of 1 in 2500 epithelial cells. They usually proliferate in the presence of reactive processes related to inflammation and fibrosis of the lung parenchyma. The division of pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia proposed by Travis et al. additionally distinguished diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) or proliferation that occurs in people without reactive hyperplasia risk factors...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202602/clinical-significance-of-serum-anti-gm-csf-autoantibody-levels-in-autoimmune-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#13
Masaki Nishimura, Etsuro Yamaguchi, Ayumu Takahashi, Nobuhiro Asai, Eisuke Katsuda, Toyohiro Ohta, Yoshinori Ohtsuka, Kenshi Kosaka, Ayako Matsubara, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Norihito Yokoe, Akihito Kubo, Satoshi Konno, Kenji Baba
AIM: Precise clinical significance of antigranulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) autoantibody levels in autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP) has not been well studied. METHODS: We obtained sera from 50 healthy controls, 46 aPAP patients, 50 with sarcoidosis, 52 with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia and 75 with pneumoconiosis. The clinical course of aPAP patients was assessed by scoring computed tomography images in 19 patients. RESULTS: The cut-off level of anti-GM-CSF IgG for discrimination between aPAP and other diffuse lung diseases was 2...
December 5, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198536/infants-with-atypical-presentations-of-alveolar-capillary-dysplasia-with-misalignment-of-the-pulmonary-veins-who-underwent-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#14
Christopher T Towe, Frances V White, R Mark Grady, Stuart C Sweet, Pirooz Eghtesady, Daniel J Wegner, Partha Sen, Przemyslaw Szafranski, Pawel Stankiewicz, Aaron Hamvas, F Sessions Cole, Jennifer A Wambach
OBJECTIVE: To describe disease course, histopathology, and outcomes for infants with atypical presentations of alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) who underwent bilateral lung transplantation. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed clinical history, diagnostic studies, explant histology, genetic sequence results, and post-transplant course for 6 infants with atypical ACDMPV who underwent bilateral lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194717/validity-of-ultrasound-lung-comets-for-assessment-of-the-severity-of-interstitial-pneumonia
#15
Mariko Asano, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Sato, Yuji Okuda, Sho Sakamoto, Yukiyasu Hasegawa, Kazuhisa Sudo, Masahide Takeda, Masaaki Sano, Satoshi Kibira, Hiroshi Ito
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound (US) lung comets are often observed in patients with interstitial lung disease or congestive heart failure, but few studies have explored the clinical importance of US lung comets in patients with the former condition. We explored whether the US lung comet number could be used to assess the severity of interstitial pneumonia. METHODS: Forty stable patients with interstitial pneumonia were examined. Lung comets evident on transthoracic US imaging in 12 selected regions of the posterior chest wall were analyzed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185086/interstitial-lung-disease-in-south-africans-with-systemic-sclerosis
#16
Philippa Ashmore, Mohammed Tikly, Michelle Wong, Claudia Ickinger
To investigate the frequency, severity and predictors of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in a cohort of South Africans with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Retrospective record review of SSc patients attending a tertiary Connective Tissue Diseases Clinic. Patients with ILD, defined by a combination of clinical findings, imaging, and lung function tests were compared to patients without ILD in terms of demographics, clinical features and autoantibodies. The majority (86.8%) of the 151 patients included were of Black ethnicity, 40% had ILD, of whom 39% had moderate-severe lung disease...
November 28, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178216/diagnostic-utility-of-surgical-lung-biopsies-in-elderly-patients-with-indeterminate-interstitial-lung-disease
#17
Laszlo T Vaszar, Brandon T Larsen, Karen L Swanson, Jay H Ryu, Henry D Tazelaar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is increasingly diagnosed by clinical and computed tomography (CT) criteria; however, surgical lung biopsy (SLB) may still be required in patients who lack definite CT features of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We reviewed a cohort of elderly patients who underwent SLB, to evaluate the benefit of SLB in diagnosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). METHODS: We searched the pathology records of Mayo Clinic for ambulatory patients at least 75 years old, who underwent SLB between 2000 and 2012 for indeterminate IIP...
November 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174087/learning-curve-for-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-diffuse-lung-disease
#18
L M Almeida, B Lima, P C Mota, N Melo, A Magalhães, J M Pereira, C S Moura, S Guimarães, A Morais
INTRODUCTION: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) is increasingly used in the diagnosis of diffuse lung disease (DLD), but no data have yet been published on the learning curve associated with this technique. AIM: To evaluate diagnostic yield, lung tissue sample length and area, and procedure-related complications in a cohort of TBLC procedures to define the learning curve and threshold for proficiency. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the first 100 TBLCs performed in different segments of the same lobe in patients with suspected DLD...
November 22, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172671/pulmonary-quantitative-ct-imaging-in-focal-and-diffuse-disease-current-research-and-clinical-applications
#19
Mario Silva, Gianluca Milanese, Valeria Seletti, Alarico Ariani, Nicola Sverzellati
The frenetic development of imaging technology - both hardware and software - provides exceptional potential for investigation of the lung. In the last two decades, computed tomography (CT) was exploited for detailed characterization of pulmonary structures and description of respiratory disease. The introduction of volumetric acquisition allowed increasingly sophisticated analysis of CT data by means of computerized algorithm, namely quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Hundreds of thousands of CTs have been analyzed for characterization of focal and diffuse disease of the lung...
November 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164566/drug-related-oral-malodour-halitosis-a-literature-review
#20
M Torsten, G Gómez-Moreno, A Aguilar-Salvatierra
Dry mouth (xerostomia), is a fairly common, well-researched condition, which is an indirect cause of oral malodour. This systematic literature review looked into another cause of bad breath: adverse drug reactions in the orofacial region causing halitosis. The study focused on extraoral halitosis, and its subdivisions, particularly blood borne halitosis in which malodourous compounds in the blood stream are carried to the lungs, passively diffused across the pulmonary alveolar membrane to enter the breath. An electronic search was conducted in various databases...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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