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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#2
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231699/optimization-of-ultrasonic-assisted-enzymatic-hydrolysis-conditions-for-the-production-of-antioxidant-hydrolysates-from-porcine-liver-by-using-response-surface-methodology
#3
Hui-Chuan Yu, Fa-Jui Tan
Objective: The objective of this study was to optimize ultrasonic-assisted enzymatic hydrolysis conditions, including enzyme-to-substrate (E/S) ratio, pH, and temperature, for producing porcine liver hydrolysates (PLHs) with the highest 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity by using response surface methodology (RSM). Methods: The study used RSM to determine the combination of hydrolysis parameters that maximized the antioxidant activity of our PLHs...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231698/effect-of-feeding-of-blend-of-essential-oils-on-methane-production-growth-nutrient-utilization-in-growing-buffaloes
#4
M A Yatoo, L C Chaudhary, Neeta Agarwal, V B Chaturvedi, D N Kamra
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of a blend of essential oils (BEO) on enteric methane emission and growth performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Methods: Twenty one growing male buffaloes (average body weight of 279 ± 9.3 kg) were divided in to three groups. The animals of all the three groups were fed on a ration consisting of wheat straw and concentrate mixture targeting 500g daily live weight gain. The three dietary groups were; Group1: control without additive, Group 2 and 3: supplemented with BEO @ 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231697/the-fecal-microbiota-composition-of-boar-duroc-yorkshire-landrace-and-hampshire-pigs
#5
Yingping Xiao, Kaifeng Li, Yun Xiang, Weidong Zhou, Guohong Gui, Hua Yang
To investigate the effect of host genetics on gut microbial diversity, we performed a structural survey of the fecal microbiota of four purebred boar pig lines: Duroc, Landrace, Hampshire and Yorkshire. The V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA genes were amplified and sequenced. A total of 783 OTUs were shared by all breeds, whereas other OTUs were breed-specific. Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes dominated the majority of the fecal microbiota; Clostridia, Bacilli and Bacteroidia were the major classes. Nine predominant genera were observed in all breeds and eight of them can produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231691/evaluation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-screening-thyroid-ultrasonography-us-and-imaging-findings-of-screening-detected-thyroid-cancer
#6
Jeongin Yoo, Hye Shin Ahn, Soo Jin Kim, Sung Hee Park, Mirinae Seo, Semin Chong
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance and cost of screening thyroid ultrasonography (US) in an asymptomatic population and determine the US features of screening-detected thyroid cancer. Materials and Methods: This study included 1845 asymptomatic participants who underwent screening thyroid US between March and August 2012 at the screening center in our hospital. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of screening thyroid US for thyroid cancer and the average cost of diagnosis for each patient...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231690/downregulation-of-hur-inhibits-the-progression-of-esophageal-cancer-through-interleukin-18
#7
Xiaohui Xu, Cheng Song, Zhihua Chen, Chenxiao Yu, Yi Wang, Yiting Tang, Judong Luo
Purpose: To investigate the effect of HuR downregulation and the potential target genes of HuR on the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Materials and Methods: In this study, a proteomics assay was used to detect the expression of proteins after HuR downregulation, and a luciferase assay was used to detect the potential presence of a HuR binding site on the 3'-UTR of IL-18. In addition, colony formation assay, MTT, EdU incorporation assay, Western blot, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, transwell invasion assay and wound healing assay were used...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231687/the-assessment-of-disease-characteristics-on-multiple-sclerosis-patients-quality-of-life-in-iran
#8
Aziz Rezapoor, Abdollah Almasian Kia, Sahar Goodarzi, Mojtaba Hasoumi, Soraya Nouraei Motlagh, Sajad Vahedi
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis, and predict the effect of MS characteristics such as disease course, disease severity and relapse on patients' quality of life. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 171 patients enrolled in the study. The health related quality of life were assessed through Persian version of MSQoL54 questionnaire. To measure patients' disability status, we used Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)...
February 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231679/-use-the-markov-decision-tree-model-to-optimize-vaccination-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-among-women-aged-15-to-49
#13
Z M Chen, S B Ji, X L Shi, Y Y Zhao, X F Zhang, H Jin
Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49. Methods: The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies. Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts. Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model. Results: Compared with non-vaccination group, strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%, could save 0...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231678/-application-of-disease-risk-score-in-pharmacoepidemiologic-studies
#14
H Y Zhao, S Y Zhan
Disease risk score (DRS) can be used to adjust the confounding effects on data with high dimensions and can reduce related bias through balancing the risk or probability, regarding the development of some specific diseases, between the two compared groups. The DRS approach thus can be applied to studies of pharmacoepidemiology when administrative medical database is used for data analysis. Although DRS functions are similarly to the propensity scores (PS) under many situations, even with some advantages over PS or conventional analytical methods in some special exposure settings, the usage of DRS is far limited than the PS method...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231677/-a-systematic-review-of-worldwide-natural-history-models-of-colorectal-cancer-classification-transition-rate-and-a-recommendation-for-developing-chinese-population-specific-model
#15
Z F Li, H Y Huang, J F Shi, C G Guo, S M Zou, C C Liu, Y Wang, L Wang, S L Zhu, S L Wu, M Dai
Objective: To review the worldwide studies on natural history models among colorectal cancer (CRC), and to inform building a Chinese population-specific CRC model and developing a platform for further evaluation of CRC screening and other interventions in population in China. Methods: A structured literature search process was conducted in PubMed and the target publication dates were from January 1995 to December 2014. Information about classification systems on both colorectal cancer and precancer on corresponding transition rate, were extracted and summarized...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231676/-post-marketing-surveillance-of-tanreqing-injection-in-children-a-real-world-study
#16
X X Li, L Zhuo, Y H Yang, S Y Zhan, S D Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the safety of Tanreqing injection among children in the real world. Methods: A multicenter, large sample, ambispective cohort study, with registration-type clinical safety monitoring. A total of 6 188 inpatients and patients from the emergency units, aged ≤ 14 years who all had been using Tanreqing injection in 59 secondary and tertiary hospitals in China, were recruited between January, 2014 and May, 2015. The main outcomes would include incidence and severity of adverse drug reaction (ADR)/adverse drug event (ADE) of Tanreqing injection...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231674/-a-preliminary-study-on-the-molecular-characteristics-of-d-cycloserine-resistance-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#17
C Li, G L Li, Q Luo, S J Li, R B Wang, Y L Lou, J X Lyu, K L Wan
Objective: To investigate the relationship between D-cycloserine resistance and the gene mutations of alrA, ddlA and cycA of Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis, as well as the association between D-cycloserine resistance and spoligotyping genotyping. Methods: A total of 145 M. tuberculosis strains were selected from the strain bank. D-cycloserine resistant phenotypes of the strains were determined by the proportion method and the minimal inhibitory concentration was determined by resazurin microtiter assay. PCR amplification and DNA direct sequencing methods were used for the analysis of gene mutations...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231673/-changes-of-resistant-phenotype-and-crispr-cas-system-of-four-shigella-strains-passaged-for-90-times-without-antibiotics
#18
B Zhang, L J Hong, G C Duan, W J Liang, H Y Yang, Y L Xi
Objective: To explore the stability of resistant phenotypes and changes of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) gene system on four Shigella strains in the absence of antibiotics. Methods: Four clinical isolated Shigella strains that resistant to different antibiotics were consecutive passaged for 90 times without antibiotics. Agar dilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of Shigella strains. After sequence analysis with PCR, CRISPR Finder and Clustal X 2...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231671/-spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-hiv-aids-in-shandong-province-2009-2015
#19
N Zhang, X G Yang, G Y Wang, X R Tao, D M Kang, N Wang
Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Shandong province, 2009-2015. Methods: Data on HIV/AIDS between 2009 and 2015 were derived from the Shandong provincial HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System at the end of 2015. All the data were geographically referenced based on 139 spatial units in the related counties of Shandong province. Electronic maps were obtained from China CDC. Global Moran' s I statistics and LISA statistics were used to detect the global and local spatial distribution patterns of HIV/AIDS in Shandong...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231670/-factors-associated-with-marital-status-among-spouse-after-diagnosed-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-in-china-2014
#20
J Li, J Xu, H L Tang, J Han, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with divorce or separation when one of the spouse diagnosed and newly reported as HIV positive, in China. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, by December 31, 2015 were used for collection on newly reported HIV cases regarding their baseline information in 2014 and follow-up within one year, among couples and above 18 year olds. HIV cases were divided into divorce/separation group and married group according to their marriage dynamics in one year after being diagnosed as HIV positive...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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