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Amine prescription

Walter Gall, Amin-Farid Aly, Reinhold Sojer, Stéphane Spahni, Elske Ammenwerth
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that many patients are harmed due to missing or erroneous information on prescribed and taken medication. Many countries are thus introducing eHealth solutions to improve the availability of this medication information on a national scale (often called "e-medication"). The objective of this study is to analyse and compare the national e-medication solutions just being introduced in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. METHODS: Information on the situation in the three countries was collected within an expert group and complemented by an analysis of recent literature and legislation in each country...
September 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Saravanapriya Thillaivanam, Arwa M Amin, Sheila Gopalakrishnan, Baharudin Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Sore throats may be due to either viral or group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) infections; but diagnosis of the etiology of a sore throat is difficult, often leading to unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions and consequent increases in bacterial resistance. Scoring symptoms using the McIsaac clinical decision rule can help physicians to diagnose and manage streptococcal infections leading to sore throat and have been recommended by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia. In this paper, we offer the first assessment of the effectiveness of the McIsaac rule in a clinical setting in Malaysia...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
Stephen Crystal, Thomas Mackie, Miriam C Fenton, Shahla Amin, Sheree Neese-Todd, Mark Olfson, Scott Bilder
The rapid growth of antipsychotic medication use among publicly insured children in the early and mid-2000s spurred new state efforts to monitor and improve prescription behavior. A starting point for many oversight initiatives was the foster care system, where most of the children are insured publicly through Medicaid. To understand the context and the effects of these initiatives, we analyzed patterns and trends in antipsychotic treatment of Medicaid-insured children in foster care and those in Medicaid but not in foster care...
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Abdul Muqeet, Kashfa Farhat, Wardah Khalid, Anum Jamil, Ambreen Gowani, Aliya Amin Muhammad, Fabiha Zaidi, Danyal Khan, Touseef Elahi, Shahrukh Sharif, Sibtain Raz, Taha Zafar, Syedah Saira Bokhari, Nasir Rahman, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Saleem Sayani, Salim S Virani
BACKGROUND: Vascular disease, manifesting as myocardial infarction and stroke, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Current estimates are that only one in six patients have good adherence to medications and very few have sufficient health literacy. Our aim is to explore the effectiveness and acceptability of Prescription Interactive Voice Response (IVR) Talking Prescriptions (Talking Rx) and SMS reminders in increasing medication adherence and health literacy in Pakistani patients with vascular disease...
2016: Trials
Farrukh Sheikh, Rashid Amin, Agha M Rehan Khaliq, Talal Al Otaibi, Samia Al Hashim, Sulaiman Al Gazlan
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that may cause death. The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis have not been examined in the Saudi population before. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the signs, symptoms, triggers, and demographic patterns of patients treated for anaphylaxis at a large tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: All the patients who were prescribed new prescriptions of adrenaline auto-injectors (AAs) between February 1, 2010 and December 31, 2011 were included in this study...
October 2015: Asia Pacific Allergy
Ajit A Dhavle, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Michael T Rupp, Vishal P Amin, Joshua Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Communication of an accurate and interpretable drug identifier between prescriber and pharmacist is critically important for realizing the potential benefits of electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) while minimizing its risk. The National Drug Code (NDC) is the most commonly used codified drug identifier in ambulatory care e-prescribing, but concerns have been raised regarding its use for this purpose.  OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess the frequency of NDC identifier transmission in ambulatory e-prescribing; (b) characterize the type of NDC identifier transmitted (representative, repackaged, obsolete, private label, and unit dose); and (c) assess the level of agreement between drug descriptions corresponding to NDC identifiers in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) and the free-text drug descriptions that were entered by prescribers...
November 2015: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Ajit A Dhavle, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Michael T Rupp, John Kilbourne, Vishal P Amin, Joshua Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: RxNorm is a standardized drug nomenclature maintained by the National Library of Medicine that has been recommended as an alternative to the National Drug Code (NDC) terminology for use in electronic prescribing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of RxNorm in ambulatory care electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions). METHODS: We analyzed a random sample of 49 997 e-prescriptions that were received by 7391 locations of a national retail pharmacy chain during a single day in April 2014...
April 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Shirin Fahimi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Amir Hossein Abdolghaffari, Mohammad Amin Rezvanfar
BACKGROUND: Burns are known as one of the most common and destructive forms of injury with a vast spectrum of consequences. Despite the discovery of various antibacterial and antiseptic agents, burn wound healing still has remained a challenge to modern medicine. Plants, with a valuable traditional support, have been considered as potential agents for prevention and treatment of disorders in recent years. However, modern scientific methods should be applied to validate the claims about the therapeutic effects of the herbal products...
September 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Mohamed E K Amin, Betty Chewning
BACKGROUND: Providing correct and complete counseling on the use of oral contraceptives (OCs) is central to securing the autonomy of women in child-bearing age and is a powerful, proven tool of social change. Pharmacists in many developing countries such as Egypt are involved in dispensing and at times prescribing pharmaceuticals, including oral contraceptives that are readily available without a prescription. OBJECTIVES: To predict Egyptian community pharmacists' counseling on oral contraceptives while utilizing a theoretical framework guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)...
September 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Erika B Lindholm, Maneesh K Gupta, J P Boudreaux, Leigh Ann Burns, Yi Z Wang, Eugene A Woltering
Recent increases in the use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and the underreporting of the use of these medications to physicians have sparked interest in the number and types of "supportive" therapies used by patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETS). Patients with NETS are of special interest as a result of the potential interactions/interferences between tumor-associated peptide and amine production and OTC supplements. A prospective analysis of patients with primary small bowel NETS between 1998 and 2012 was conducted to define and catalog each patient's prescription and OTC medication use at each clinic visit...
March 2015: American Surgeon
Mohammad Arab, Amin Torabipour, Abbas Rahimifrooshani, Arash Rashidian, Nayeb Fadai, Roohollah Askari
BACKGROUND: Rational prescription is a considerable issue which must be paid more attention to assess the behavior of prescribers. The aim of this study was to examine factors affecting family physicians' drug prescribing. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cross-sectional study in Khuzestan province, Iran in 2011. Nine hundred eighty-six prescriptions of 421 family physicians (including 324 urban and 97 rural family physicians) were selected randomly. A multivariate Poisson regression was used to investigate potential determinants of the number of prescribed drug per patient...
December 2014: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Aziz Japoni, Noroddin Rafaatpour, Jalal Mardaneh, Pejman Abbasi, Maneli Amin Shahidi, Mohammad Ali Dehyadegari, Ebrahim Alipour
BACKGROUND: Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the burn patients is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality and remains a serious health concern among the clinicians. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to detect MBL-producing P. aeruginosa in burn patients and determine multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains, and respective resistance patterns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 270 strains of P...
June 2014: Archives of Trauma Research
Mohammad-Reza Ghane, Hamid-Reza Javadzadeh, Sadrollah Mahmoudi, Bita Najafian, Amin Saburi
BACKGROUND: Sedation in children remains a controversial issue in emergency departments (ED). Midazolam, as a benzodiazepine is widely used for procedural sedation among paediatrics. We compared the effectiveness and safety of two forms of midazolam prescription; intramuscular (IM) and intravenous (IV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted on two matched groups of 30 children referred to our ED between 2010 and 2011. The first group received IM midazolam (0...
July 2014: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Bita Najafian, Seyed Hasan Fakhraie, Seyed Abulfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazemian, Majid Shohrati, Amin Saburi
BACKGROUND: Various strategies have been suggested for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of two common methods of RDS management among neonates with low birth weight. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted on 98 neonates with definite diagnosis of RDS during 2008-2009. The neonates were divided into two groups by a blinded supervisor using simple randomization (odd and even numbers)...
April 2014: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Emilie Clay, Amine Khemiri, Vladimir Zah, Samuel Aballéa, Jane Ruby, Carl V Asche
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine/naloxone film was developed to improve retention in treatment and reduce public health risks over the tablet formulation for opioid dependence. OBJECTIVES: To compare patient persistence and resource utilization between formulations for the treatment of opioid dependence. METHODS: A longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis was conducted to compare persistence and healthcare costs in a private US insurance claims database...
September 2014: Journal of Medical Economics
Amine Benyamina, Michel Reynaud
The therapeutic use of cannabis has generated a lot of interest in the past years, leading to a better understanding of its mechanisms of action. Countries like the United States and Canada have modified their laws in order to make cannabinoid use legal in the medical context. It's also the case in France now, where a recent decree was issued, authorizing the prescription of medication containing "therapeutic cannabis" (decree no. 2013-473, June 5, 2013). Cannabinoids such as dronabinol, Sativex and nabilone have been tested for the treatment of acute and chronic pain...
February 2014: La Revue du Praticien
Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Kanwaljit Chopra
The efficacy of flavocoxid, a prescription medical food used in osteoarthritis in the USA, containing natural flavonoids, baicalin and catechin in experimentally induced cerebral ischaemia in rats was evaluated. Rationale behind the study was that the transient acute ischaemic attack triggers neuroinflammatory cascade. Global cerebral ischaemia was induced transiently by occluding both common carotid arteries for 15 min followed by restoration of perfusion. Flavocoxid (50, 100, 200mg/kg; p.o.) pre-treatment was instituted 6 days prior to surgery and fluoxetine (10mg/kg, p...
May 2014: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Ali Noorafshan, Ali Rashidiani-Rashidabadi, Saied Karbalay-Doust, Aghdas Poostpasand, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Reza Asadi-Golshan
Sulfites are used as anti-microbial and anti-oxidant agents in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Curcumin, a flavonoid, is an Asian spice that shows neuroprotective activities. The current study aimed to stereologically assess the rats' cerebellar cortex and rotarod performance following sulfite exposure and determine the possible neuroprotective potential of curcumin. The rats were divided into five groups: distilled water, olive oil, curcumin (100 mg/kg/day), sodium metabisulfite (25 mg/kg/day), and sodium metabisulfite+curcumin...
December 2013: Experimental Neurobiology
Joy Chakraborty, Raghavendra Singh, Debashis Dutta, Amit Naskar, Usha Rajamma, Kochupurackal P Mohanakumar
AIM: Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant disorder, for which clinically available drugs offer only symptomatic relief. These prescription drugs are not free of side effects, and the patients usually suffer from anxiety and depression. We investigated quercetin, a dietary flavonoid with free radical scavenging properties, for its beneficial potential if any, in 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced HD in rats where both drugs were administered simultaneously. METHODS: Performance of rats on beam balancing, elevated plus maze and gait traits were investigated following 3-NP and/or quercetin treatments for 4 days...
January 2014: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Nandini Govil, Benjamin Y Rafii, Benjamin C Paul, Ryan Ruiz, Milan R Amin, Ryan C Branski
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Glucocorticoids (GCs) are commonly used in the treatment of laryngeal disorders despite the absence of clear guidelines regarding their use. We sought to assess clinical practice patterns regarding GC use for various vocal fold diseases and to ascertain factors underlying the selection of particular GCs for different vocal fold pathology. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, survey. METHODS: A web-based 20-question survey querying clinical indications for GC use and other factors influencing decision making in GC administration was distributed to 5280 otolaryngologists via e-mail using a commercially available database...
January 2014: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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