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Amine prescription

Neha P Amin, Adrian Nalichowski, Shauna Campbell, Jal Hyder, Robyn Spink, Andre A Konski, Michael Dominello
PURPOSE: We observed that many of our helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans did not meet the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) recommended R50% (volume of 50% of the prescription dose/planning target volume), which characterizes the steepness of dose fall off. We hypothesized that despite not meeting R50%, helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans would confer similar local control and minimal side effects as previously reported using nonhelical treatment platforms...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
M Amine Amiche, Linda E Lévesque, Tara Gomes, Jonathan D Adachi, Suzanne M Cadarette
The benefit of oral bisphosphonates in reducing fracture risk in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is controversial. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of oral bisphosphonates in reducing fracture risk in a cohort of new chronic oral glucocorticoid users. We created three matched cohorts using health care administrative data from Ontario, Canada. We included residents aged 66 years and older initiating chronic oral glucocorticoids (≥450 mg prednisone equivalent and ≥2 glucocorticoid prescriptions within a 6-month window) between January 1998 and September 2014...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Anna Löf Granström, Leila Amin, Henrik Arnell, Tomas Wester
OBJECTIVES: Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) has previously been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There are no data to show how common this association is. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of IBD in individuals with HSCR in a population-based cohort. METHODS: This was a nationwide, population-based cohort study. The study exposure was HSCR and the study outcome was IBD. The cohort included all individuals with HSCR registered in the Swedish National Patient Register between 1964-2013 and ten age- and sex-matched controls per patient, randomly selected from the Swedish Population Register...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Hamid Vaez, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Farzad Khademi
INTRODUCTION: Imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA), due to resistance to different classes of antibiotics and its remarkable capacity to survive in harsh and adverse conditions such as those in the hospital environment, is considered a serious threat to the healthcare system. Given the great impact of IRPA on patients' outcome and in order to possibly improve antibiotic prescription, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of clinical isolates of IRPA in different parts of Iran...
June 2017: Germs
Amin Aminian, Shahriar Sarvareh Azimzadeh, Elina Rahmanian
Functional appliances have been used for treatment of Class II patients for a long time. The main objective of therapy with functional appliances is to induce supplementary lengthening of the mandible by stimulating increased growth at the condylar cartilage. The Twin Block appliance is one of the most commonly used functional appliances. The aim of this paper is to present a case report of mandibular deficiency treatment with Twin Block appliance in a female patient whose sexual maturation (one and a half years after menarche) and cervical vertebral maturation stage indicated the end of the growth peak...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Dua'a Jarajreh, Amin Aqel, Hamed Alzoubi, Wael Al-Zereini
INTRODUCTION: A high rate of infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been documented, in both hospital- (HA-MRSA) and community-acquired (CA-MRSA) diseases in Jordan. Erythromycin and clindamycin are considered treatments of choice. However, resistance to erythromycin with false susceptibility to clindamycin in vitro may lead to therapeutic failure. Hence, it is mandatory to study the prevalence of inducible resistance to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (iMLSB) antibiotics conferred by erm genes in those bacteria...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Salvatore Taliercio, Brian Sanders, Stratos Achlatis, Yixin Fang, Ryan Branski, Milan Amin
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity associated with suspension laryngoscopy has been well documented. However, standard of care with regard to postoperative analgesia has not been described, and anecdotal evidence suggests wide variability with regard to postoperative narcotic and non-narcotic recommendations. We sought to quantify the postoperative course following suspension microlaryngoscopy by relating patient-based and intraoperative measures with analgesic use. METHODS: Body mass index (BMI), Friedman tongue position (FTP), and Mallampati scores as well as laryngoscope type, number of attempts required for optimal visualization, and suspension time were documented in 50 consecutive patients undergoing routine suspension microlaryngoscopy...
May 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Issam Lalya, El Amin Marnouche, Maghous Abdelhak, Noha Zaghba, Khalid Andaloussi, Mohamed Elmarjany, Laila Baddouh, Keltoum Dahmani, Khalid Hadadi, Hassan Sifat, Hamid Mansouri
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to assess efficacy and efficiency of Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) technique in treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer in our institution and to report toxicity related to this technique. METHODS: Between June 2013 and January 2015, thirty-two patients with non metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer were curatively treated using VMAT Rapidarc. Dose prescription was performed using two different schedules, it consisted of either simultaneous integrated boost or simultaneous modulated accelerated radiation therapy delivering 70 Gy in 35 fractions and 69...
February 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Krutika Amin, Joel F Farley, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the North Carolina (NC) Medicaid program reduced the number of days prescription supply that enrollees could fill from 100 days to 34 days and increased copayments for brand-name medications. Previous work has shown that a change in these policies led to a decrease in medication adherence from 2.9 to 8.0 percentage points in specific populations with chronic conditions. Studies have also shown that days supply limits and copayment increases have heterogeneous effects based on enrollees' baseline characteristics, including baseline adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Christopher R Chapple, Jameel Nazir, Zalmai Hakimi, Sally Bowditch, Francis Fatoye, Florent Guelfucci, Amine Khemiri, Emad Siddiqui, Adrian Wagg
BACKGROUND: Persistence with antimuscarinic therapy in overactive bladder (OAB) is poor, but may be different for mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist with a different adverse event profile. OBJECTIVE: To compare persistence and adherence with mirabegron versus tolterodine extended release (ER) and other antimuscarinics in routine clinical practice over a 12-mo period. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective, longitudinal, observational study of anonymised data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink GOLD database...
September 2017: European Urology
R Wu, C Crowford, R Georges, A Liu, M Amin, T Sio, B Gunn, F Poenisch, M Palmer, M Gillin, S Frank, X Zhu
PURPOSE: Treatment planning for Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy (IMPT) for head and neck cancer is time-consuming due to the large number of organs-at-risk (OAR) to be considered. As there are many competing objectives and also wide range of acceptable OAR constraints, the final approved plan may not be most optimal for the given structures. We evaluated the dose reduction to the contralateral parotid by implementing standardized constraints during optimization for scanning beam proton therapy planning...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Jiachun Li, Dongpo Li, Jingling Wu, Jianping Qin, Junhua Hu, Wenzhe Huang, Zhenzhong Wang, Wei Xiao, Yu Wang
The aim of this study was to develop an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of ultra-trace levels of 35 organophosphorus pesticide residues in Sanjie Zhentong capsules, a traditional Chinese medicine prescription. A method based on multiclass and multiresidue sample preparation was developed. First, samples were hydrated with water at 4°C. A ratio of 1:3 sample/water was used for each of the sample amounts. Then, different extraction solvents were screened. This step was followed by a dispersive solid-phase extraction clean-up procedure using both primary secondary amine and polyamide...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Walter Gall, Amin-Farid Aly, Reinhold Sojer, Stéphane Spahni, Elske Ammenwerth
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that many patients are harmed due to missing or erroneous information on prescribed and taken medication. Many countries are thus introducing eHealth solutions to improve the availability of this medication information on a national scale (often called "e-medication"). The objective of this study is to analyse and compare the national e-medication solutions just being introduced in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. METHODS: Information on the situation in the three countries was collected within an expert group and complemented by an analysis of recent literature and legislation in each country...
September 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Saravanapriya Thillaivanam, Arwa M Amin, Sheila Gopalakrishnan, Baharudin Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Sore throats may be due to either viral or group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) infections; but diagnosis of the etiology of a sore throat is difficult, often leading to unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions and consequent increases in bacterial resistance. Scoring symptoms using the McIsaac clinical decision rule can help physicians to diagnose and manage streptococcal infections leading to sore throat and have been recommended by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia. In this paper, we offer the first assessment of the effectiveness of the McIsaac rule in a clinical setting in Malaysia...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
Stephen Crystal, Thomas Mackie, Miriam C Fenton, Shahla Amin, Sheree Neese-Todd, Mark Olfson, Scott Bilder
The rapid growth of antipsychotic medication use among publicly insured children in the early and mid-2000s spurred new state efforts to monitor and improve prescription behavior. A starting point for many oversight initiatives was the foster care system, where most of the children are insured publicly through Medicaid. To understand the context and the effects of these initiatives, we analyzed patterns and trends in antipsychotic treatment of Medicaid-insured children in foster care and those in Medicaid but not in foster care...
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Abdul Muqeet, Kashfa Farhat, Wardah Khalid, Anum Jamil, Ambreen Gowani, Aliya Amin Muhammad, Fabiha Zaidi, Danyal Khan, Touseef Elahi, Shahrukh Sharif, Sibtain Raz, Taha Zafar, Syedah Saira Bokhari, Nasir Rahman, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Saleem Sayani, Salim S Virani
BACKGROUND: Vascular disease, manifesting as myocardial infarction and stroke, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Current estimates are that only one in six patients have good adherence to medications and very few have sufficient health literacy. Our aim is to explore the effectiveness and acceptability of Prescription Interactive Voice Response (IVR) Talking Prescriptions (Talking Rx) and SMS reminders in increasing medication adherence and health literacy in Pakistani patients with vascular disease...
March 5, 2016: Trials
Farrukh Sheikh, Rashid Amin, Agha M Rehan Khaliq, Talal Al Otaibi, Samia Al Hashim, Sulaiman Al Gazlan
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that may cause death. The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis have not been examined in the Saudi population before. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the signs, symptoms, triggers, and demographic patterns of patients treated for anaphylaxis at a large tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: All the patients who were prescribed new prescriptions of adrenaline auto-injectors (AAs) between February 1, 2010 and December 31, 2011 were included in this study...
October 2015: Asia Pacific Allergy
Ajit A Dhavle, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Michael T Rupp, Vishal P Amin, Joshua Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Communication of an accurate and interpretable drug identifier between prescriber and pharmacist is critically important for realizing the potential benefits of electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) while minimizing its risk. The National Drug Code (NDC) is the most commonly used codified drug identifier in ambulatory care e-prescribing, but concerns have been raised regarding its use for this purpose.  OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess the frequency of NDC identifier transmission in ambulatory e-prescribing; (b) characterize the type of NDC identifier transmitted (representative, repackaged, obsolete, private label, and unit dose); and (c) assess the level of agreement between drug descriptions corresponding to NDC identifiers in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) and the free-text drug descriptions that were entered by prescribers...
November 2015: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Ajit A Dhavle, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Michael T Rupp, John Kilbourne, Vishal P Amin, Joshua Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: RxNorm is a standardized drug nomenclature maintained by the National Library of Medicine that has been recommended as an alternative to the National Drug Code (NDC) terminology for use in electronic prescribing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of RxNorm in ambulatory care electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions). METHODS: We analyzed a random sample of 49 997 e-prescriptions that were received by 7391 locations of a national retail pharmacy chain during a single day in April 2014...
April 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Shirin Fahimi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Amir Hossein Abdolghaffari, Mohammad Amin Rezvanfar
BACKGROUND: Burns are known as one of the most common and destructive forms of injury with a vast spectrum of consequences. Despite the discovery of various antibacterial and antiseptic agents, burn wound healing still has remained a challenge to modern medicine. Plants, with a valuable traditional support, have been considered as potential agents for prevention and treatment of disorders in recent years. However, modern scientific methods should be applied to validate the claims about the therapeutic effects of the herbal products...
September 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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