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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437883/in-reply-to-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Hosseinali Khalili, Nazanin Sadraei, Amin Niakan, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Amin Sadraei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437839/semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-inhibition-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-neuroinflammation
#2
Serena Becchi, Alberto Buson, Jonathan Foot, Wolfgang Jarolimek, Bernard W Balleine
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroinflammation is initiated by a variety of stimuli including infections, sepsis, neurodegenerative diseases or traumatic brain injury and if not adequately controlled can lead to various degrees of neuronal damage and behavioural impairment. A critical event in the initial steps of inflammation is neutrophil extravasation. Semicarbazide sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO, also known as vascular adhesion protein 1 or VAP-1) regulates neutrophil adhesion and extravasation...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437702/cascade-post-polymerization-modification-of-single-pentafluorophenyl-ester-bearing-homopolymer-as-a-facile-route-to-redox-responsive-nanogels
#3
Susita Noree, Varawut Tangpasuthadol, Suda Kiatkamjornwong, Voravee P Hoven
Poly(pentafluorophenyl methacrylate) (PPFPMA) was first subjected to post-polymerization modification with oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether amine (OEG-NH2) and yielded poly(pentafluorophenyl methacrylate)-co-poly(oligo(ethylene glycol methacrylamide)), PPFPMA-co-POEGMAM. These amphiphilic random copolymers can self-assemble into micellar nanoparticles in water having sizes less than 100nm. By tandemly reacting the pentafluorophenyl (PFP) groups in the copolymeric nanoparticles with a dithiol crosslinker, cystamine, redox-responsive nanogels can be formed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437627/tumor-acidity-activatable-tat-targeted-nanomedicine-for-enlarged-fluorescence-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-photodynamic-therapy
#4
Meng Gao, Feng Fan, Dongdong Li, Yue Yu, Kuirong Mao, Tianmeng Sun, Haisheng Qian, Wei Tao, Xianzhu Yang
Nanoparticles simultaneously integrated the photosensitizers and diagnostic agents represent an emerging approach for imaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT). However, the diagnostic sensitivity and therapeutic efficacy of nanoparticles as well as the heterogeneity of tumors pose tremendous challenges for clinical imaging-guided PDT treatment. Herein, a polymeric nanoparticle with tumor acidity (pHe)-activatable TAT targeting ligand that encapsulates the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and chelates contrast agent Gd(3+) is successfully developed for fluorescence/magnetic resonance (MR) dual-model imaging-guided precision PDT...
April 18, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437119/synthesis-of-naphthoquinolizinones-through-rh-iii-catalyzed-double-c-sp-2-h-bond-carbenoid-insertion-and-annulation-of-2-aryl-3-cyanopyridines-with-%C3%AE-diazo-carbonyl-compounds
#5
Beibei Zhang, Bin Li, Xinying Zhang, Xuesen Fan
An unprecedented Rh(III)-catalyzed double C(sp(2))-H bond carbenoid insertion and annulation of 2-aryl-3-cyanopyridines with α-diazo carbonyl compounds is presented. Through this cascade reaction, a series of naphthoquinolizinone derivatives with a large π-system were efficiently prepared. The reactions could selectively afford naphthoquinolizinones with either an amine or an amide unit attached on the 11-position depending on the nature of the solvent and the additive used. Compared with literature methods, this is a more efficient, convenient, and atom-economic way to provide polycyclic heteroaromatic compounds through direct π-extension of simple aromatics via inert C-H bond activation and functionalization...
April 24, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437095/reliability-of-single-crystal-silver-nanowire-based-systems-stress-assisted-instabilities
#6
Rajaprakash Ramachandramoorthy, Yanming Wang, Amin Aghaei, Gunther Richter, Wei Cai, Horacio D Espinosa
Time-dependent mechanical characterization of nanowires is critical to understand their long-term reliability in applications such as flexible-electronics and touch screens. It is also of great importance to develop a theoretical framework for experimentation and analysis on the mechanics of nanowires under time-dependent loading conditions such as stress-relaxation and fatigue. Here, we combine in situ scanning electron microscope (SEM)/transmission electron microscope (TEM) tests with atomistic and phase-field simulations to understand the deformation mechanisms of single crystal silver nanowires held under constant strain...
April 24, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436985/functional-screen-of-msi2-interactors-identifies-an-essential-role-for-syncrip-in-myeloid-leukemia-stem-cells
#7
Ly P Vu, Camila Prieto, Elianna M Amin, Sagar Chhangawala, Andrei Krivtsov, M Nieves Calvo-Vidal, Timothy Chou, Arthur Chow, Gerard Minuesa, Sun Mi Park, Trevor S Barlowe, James Taggart, Patrick Tivnan, Raquel P Deering, Lisa P Chu, Jeong-Ah Kwon, Cem Meydan, Javier Perales-Paton, Arora Arshi, Mithat Gönen, Christopher Famulare, Minal Patel, Elisabeth Paietta, Martin S Tallman, Yuheng Lu, Jacob Glass, Francine E Garret-Bakelman, Ari Melnick, Ross Levine, Fatima Al-Shahrour, Marcus Järås, Nir Hacohen, Alexia Hwang, Ralph Garippa, Christopher J Lengner, Scott A Armstrong, Leandro Cerchietti, Glenn S Cowley, David Root, John Doench, Christina Leslie, Benjamin L Ebert, Michael G Kharas
The identity of the RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that govern cancer stem cells remains poorly characterized. The MSI2 RBP is a central regulator of translation of cancer stem cell programs. Through proteomic analysis of the MSI2-interacting RBP network and functional shRNA screening, we identified 24 genes required for in vivo leukemia. Syncrip was the most differentially required gene between normal and myeloid leukemia cells. SYNCRIP depletion increased apoptosis and differentiation while delaying leukemogenesis...
April 24, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436713/modified-dextran-heparin-based-triggered-release-microspheres-for-cardiovascular-delivery-of-therapeutic-drugs-using-protamine-as-a-stimulus
#8
Hoai X Nguyen, Edgar A O'Rear
In this study, we describe the synthesis of an amine-modified acetalated dextran polymer which is combined with heparin (HP) as the basis for a novel controlled release system. Dextran-amine (DEXAM) conjugates, synthesized using reductive amination, were incorporated into DEXAM/HP microspheres. HP binds to positively charged ammonium ions of the DEXAM conjugates, contributing to the structural integrity of the microspheres. Crystal violet (CV) was encapsulated inside DEXAM/HP microspheres as a model drug to test the system...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436674/general-dialdehyde-click-chemistry-for-amine-bioconjugation
#9
Sina Elahipanah, Paul J O'Brien, Dmitry Rogozhnikov, Muhammad N Yousaf
The development of methods for conjugating a range of molecules to primary amine functional groups has revolutionized the fields of chemistry, biology, and material science. The primary amine is a key functional group and one of the most important nucleophiles and bases used in all of synthetic chemistry. Therefore, tremendous interest in the synthesis of molecules containing primary amines and strategies to devise chemical reactions to react with primary amines has been at the core of chemical research. In particular, primary amines are a ubiquitous functional group found in biological systems as free amino acids, as key side chain lysines in proteins, and in signaling molecules and metabolites and are also present in many natural product classes...
April 24, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436670/enantio-and-stereoselective-construction-of-atisane-scaffold-via-organocatalytic-intramolecular-michael-reaction-and-diels-alder-reaction
#10
Hiroko Sekita, Kyohei Adachi, Ippei Kobayashi, Yusuke Sato, Masahisa Nakada
An enantio- and stereoselective construction of the atisane scaffold via organocatalytic intramolecular Michael reaction and Diels-Alder reaction is described. The organocatalytic intramolecular Michael reaction has been found to stereoselectively generate a trans-stereodiad comprising an all-carbon quaternary and a tertiary stereogenic centers. Use of the chiral secondary amine bearing thiourea with benzoic acid as additive is the key to obtaining the desired product with excellent ee in synthetically acceptable yield...
April 24, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436651/synthesis-of-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane-1-carboxamides
#11
Matthias S Scholz, Lukas M Wingen
Amide bond formation is one of the most important chemical reactions. In peptide and organic chemistry, the application of amide coupling reagents is a routine strategy, but surprisingly not in carborane chemistry. Thus, we now report a fast, safe, and robust protocol to couple amines to m- and p-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane-1-carboxylic acids. The procedure comprises the activation of carboxylic acid with the coupling reagent (1-cyano-2-ethoxy-2-oxoethylidenaminooxy)(dimethylamino)morpholinocarbenium hexafluorophosphate, extraction of the product using the hydrophobic nature of the cluster, and a straightforward chromatographic purification...
April 24, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436646/filaments-with-affinity-binding-and-wet-strength-can-be-achieved-by-spinning-bifunctional-cellulose-nanofibrils
#12
Maija Vuoriluoto, Hannes Orelma, Meri Johanna Lundahl, Maryam Borghei, Orlando J Rojas
We demonstrate benzophenone (BP) conjugation via amine-reactive esters onto oxidized cellulosic fibers that were used as precursors, after microfluidization, of photo-active cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). From these fibrils, cellulose I filaments were synthesized by hydrogel spinning in an anti-solvent followed by fast bi-radical UV crosslinking. As a result, the BP-CNF filaments developed a wet tensile strength of up to ~105 MPa (a remarkable retention of ~80% of the dry strength). Thus, the principal limitation of these emerging materials was resolved (< 0...
April 24, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436560/development-of-a-high-throughput-genotoxicity-assay-using-umu-test-strains-expressing-human-cytochrome-p450s-and-nadph-p450-reductase-and-bacterial-o-acetyltransferase
#13
Hisako Hori, Daisuke Hirata, Wataru Fujii, Yoshimitsu Oda
Umu test is one of the in vitro genotoxicity test that has been used widely. It was developed as a high-throughput test system using the 96-well microplate. We have previously constructed new umu test strains for the evaluation of genotoxicity of procarcinogenic metabolic products formed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. In this study, a highly sensitive high-throughput genotoxicity test was developed using four umu test strains (OY1002/1A1, OY1002/1B1, OY1002/1A2, and OY1002/3A4) that express human CYPs and NADPH-P450 reductase...
April 24, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436497/metal-ion-binding-by-laterally-non-symmetric-macrobicyclic-oxa-aza-cryptands
#14
Parimal K Bharadwaj
Macrobicyclic cryptands incorporating amine groups along with oxygen donors that are laterally non-symmetric constitute an important class of organic compounds. These molecules can form inclusion complexes with different transition and main group metal ions. It is also possible to modify the binding characteristics of these compounds through attachment of different groups. Some of these metal complexes can be useful homogeneous catalysts in different organic transformations. If there are chiral centers present in the cryptands, they can be useful in asymmetric syntheses...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436220/metal-free-organocatalytic-oxidative-ugi-reaction-promoted-by-hypervalent-iodine
#15
Karandeep Singh, Amanpreet Kaur, Venus Singh Mithu, Siddharth Sharma
We report here a novel IBX promoted oxidative coupling of primary amines and its utilization to Ugi reaction. Advantageously, the reaction could be carried out in choline chloride-urea as a natural deep eutectic solvent. A range of imines and bis-amides from pseudo-four component oxidative Ugi reaction could be synthesized under mild and metal-free conditions. Advantageously, the oxidant (IBX) and solvent could be recycled up to five times with only a slight loss in activity.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436219/room-temperature-cui-catalyzed-amination-of-aryl-iodides-and-aryl-bromides
#16
Xiaomei Ding, Manna Huang, Zhou Yi, Dongchen Du, Xinhai Zhu, Yiqian Wan
A general and effective CuI/N',N'-diaryl-1H-pyrrole-2-carbohydrazide catalyst system was developed for the amination of aryl iodides and bromides at room temperature with good chemoselectivity between -OH and -NH2 groups. Only 5 mol% CuI and ligands were needed in this protocol to effect the amination of various aryl bromides and aryl iodides with a wide range of aliphatic and aryl amines (1.3 equiv).
April 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436127/tip110-deletion-impaired-embryonic-and-stem-cell-development-involving-down-regulation-of-stem-cell-factors-nanog-oct4-and-sox2
#17
Amanda Whitmill, Ying Liu, Khalid Amine Timani, Yinghua Niu, Johnny J He
HIV-1 Tat-interacting protein of 110 kDa, Tip110, plays important roles in multiple biological processes. In this study, we aimed to characterize the function of Tip110 in embryonic development. Transgenic mice lacking expression of a functional Tip110 gene (Tip110(-/-) ) died post-implantation, and Tip110(-/-) embryos exhibited developmental arrest between 8.5 and 9.5 days post coitum. However, in vitro cultures of Tip110(-/-) embryos showed that Tip110 loss did not impair embryo growth from the zygote to the blastocyst...
April 24, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435992/elevated-plasma-s100b-psychotic-symptoms-and-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#18
Huiqiong Deng, Ramandeep S Kahlon, Satyajit Mohite, Pooja A Amin, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Gabriela D Colpo, Laura Stertz, Gabriel R Fries, Consuelo Walss-Bass, Jair C Soares, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
S100B is a calcium binding protein mainly produced by glial cells. Previous studies have shown elevated levels of S100B in patients with schizophrenia. We measured S100B levels in fasting plasma of 39 patients with schizophrenia and 19 adult healthy controls. We used linear regression to compare S100B between patients and controls. In patients only, we also investigated the relationship between S100B levels and psychotic symptoms (assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale), and cognitive function (assessed by the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery), respectively by calculating Pearson's correlation coefficients...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435947/iridium-iii-catalyzed-regioselective-amidation-of-indoles-at-the-c4-position-using-weak-coordinating-groups
#19
Veeranjaneyulu Lanke, Kandikere Ramaiah Prabhu
The C4-aminated indole scaffold is frequently encountered in several natural products and biologically active compounds. Herein we disclose a simple and short synthetic route for the amidation of indoles at the C4 position by employing an aldehyde as a directing group and Ir(iii) as a catalyst. This strategy offers high selectivity for the C4-amidation of unprotected and protected indoles. A simple deprotection of the tosyl group leads to the formation of C4-amino indole derivatives, which are useful synthons for synthesizing natural products in the teleocidin family...
April 24, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435739/crystal-structure-of-cu-tmpen-bf4-2-tmpen-is-n-n-n-n-tetra-kis-6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl-meth-yl-ethane-1-2-di-amine
#20
Lin Chen, Yakun Guo, Gan Ren, Ge Sang
The mononuclear copper title complex {N,N,N',N'-tetra-kis-[(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)meth-yl]ethane-1,2-di-amine-κ(6)N}copper(II) bis-(tetra-fluorido-borate), [Cu(C30H36N6)](BF4)2, is conveniently prepared from the reaction of Cu(BF4)2·6H2O with N,N,N',N'-tetra-kis-[(6-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)meth-yl]ethane-1,2-di-amine (tmpen) in aceto-nitrile at room temperature in air. The complex shows a distorted octa-hedral environment around the Cu(II) cation (site symmetry 2) and adopts the centrosymmetric space group C2/c...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
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