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Vahid Irani, Ahmad Tavasoli, Mehdi Vahidi
A novel approach was examined by addition of amine-modified reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to amine solutions in order to enhance the CO2 absorption capacity of amine solutions. Amine functionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/methyl diethanolamine (MDEA) nanofluid was prepared for absorption of acid gases (CO2 , H2 S). GO was synthesized via a modified hummer method and functionalized through solvothermal method. As-synthesized NH2 -rGO was characterized by XRD, BET, SEM, FTIR, EDX and XPS analysis to determine the structure...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Elbadawy A Kamoun, M A Abu-Seaid, A S Doma, Henning Menzel, Xin Chen
Hydroxyethyl methacrylate-derivative pullulan (pullulan-HEMA) was synthesized by activation of HEMA followed by catalyzed coupling reaction for adjusting the degree of substitution (DS) of copolymer. Pullulan-HEMA was photocrosslinked using new three-components photoinitiating system composed of carboxylated camphorquinone-folic acid-iodonium salt under visible light. Folic acid was employed as new coinitiator for improving the entire hydrogel properties and avoiding harms of traditional used tertiary amine coinitiators...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Norbert Gattermann, Rosa Coll, Lutz Jacobasch, Allameddine Allameddine, Amin Azmon, Laurie DeBonnett, Andreas Bruederle, Jie Jin
OBJECTIVES: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) remain first-choice to treat symptomatic anemia and delay transfusion dependence in most patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) without del(5q). Deferasirox increased erythroid responses in some lower-risk MDS patients in clinical trials, and adding low-dose deferasirox to ESA treatment may further improve erythroid response. METHODS: KALLISTO (NCT01868477) was a randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase II study...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Quang Nghia Pham, Kieu The Loan Trinh, Seung Won Jung, Nae Yoon Lee
We demonstrate the integration of DNA amplification and detection functionalities developed on a lab-on-a-chip microdevice utilizing solid-phase polymerase chain reaction (SP-PCR) for point-of-need (PON) DNA analyses. First, the polycarbonate microdevice was fabricated by thermal bonding to contain microchambers as reservoirs for performing SP-PCR. Next, the microchambers were subsequently modified with polyethyleneimine and glutaraldehyde for immobilizing amine-modified forward primers. During SP-PCR, the immobilized forward primers and freely diffusing fluorescence-labeled reverse primers cooperated to generate target amplicons, which remained covalently attached to the microchambers for the fluorescence detection...
May 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Charlotte Hurel, Cécile Bignon, Cynthia Said-Mohamed, Sonia Amigoni, Thierry Devers, Frederic Guittard
Effects of functionalization and grafting of TiO2 , CeO2 , and SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were investigated, and toxicity of pristine, functionalized, and grafted NP towards Daphnia magna was measured. Surface functionalization of NP with amine groups decreased hydrophobicity of NP. When NPs were hydrophilic, they were less toxic than hydrophobic NP towards D. magna. Grafting agents influenced toxicity: no toxicity of NP was observed when bio-based and hydrogenated synthetic polymers were used, whereas perfluorinated polymers induced a higher toxicity...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Humam Saltaji, Susan Armijo-Olivo, Greta G Cummings, Maryam Amin, Bruno R da Costa, Carlos Flores-Mir
BACKGROUND: Recent methodologic evidence suggests that lack of blinding in randomized trials can result in under- or overestimation of the treatment effect size. The objective of this study is to quantify the extent of bias associated with blinding in randomized controlled trials of oral health interventions. METHODS: We selected all oral health meta-analyses that included a minimum of five randomized controlled trials. We extracted data, in duplicate, related to nine blinding-related criteria, namely: patient blinding, assessor blinding, care-provider blinding, investigator blinding, statistician blinding, blinding of both patients and assessors, study described as "double blind", blinding of patients, assessors, and care providers concurrently, and the appropriateness of blinding...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Hideto Terada, Hiroaki Imai, Yuya Oaki
Visualization and quantitative detection of external stimuli are significant challenges in materials science. Quantitative detection of friction force, a mechanical stress, is not easily achieved using conventional stimuli-responsive materials. Here, the quantitative detection of friction force is reported, such as the strength and accumulated ammount, from the visible color of organic layered composites consisting of polydiacetylene (PDA) and organic amines without an excitation light source. The composites of the layered diacetylene monomer crystal and interlayer organic amine are synthesized through self-organization from the precursor solution...
May 18, 2018: Advanced Materials
Manoj Kumar, Naganath G Patil, Ashootosh V Ambade, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy
Compact macromolecular dendrons have been shown to induce the formation of discontinuous inverse micellar assemblies with Fd3m symmetry in monoolein/water systems. Here, we demonstrate that a large PAMAM dendron (G5: fifth generation) induces the formation a very unusual mesophase with P4332 symmetry. This mesophase had previously been observed in monoolein/water systems only on addition of cytochrome C. The P4332 mesophase can be considered an intermediate phase between the bicontinuous Ia3d and discontinuous micellar mesophases...
May 18, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Pingsheng Huang, Weisheng Guo, Guang Yang, Huijuan Song, Yuqing Wang, Chun Wang, Deling Kong, Weiwei Wang
19F MRI is of great significance for non-invasive imaging and detection of various diseases. However, the main obstacle in the application of 19F MRI agents stems from the unmet signal sensitivity, due to the poor water-solubility and restricted mobility of segments with high numbers of fluorine atoms. Herein, we report a kind of intracellular reducing microenvironment-induced amino-activatable 19F MRI nanoprobe, which can be used for specific imaging of bio-thiols. In principle, the nanoprobe has an initial architecture of hydrophobic core, where the trifluoromethyl-containing segments are compactly packed and 19F NMR/MRI signals are quenched ("OFF" state)...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yoon Jin Cha, Woo Hee Jung, Ja Seung Koo
We aimed to evaluate the expression of amine oxidase-related proteins in metastatic breast cancer tissue and determine its clinical implication. A tissue microarray was constructed from a total of 126 metastatic breast tumors (31 bone metastases (24.6%), 36 brain metastases (28.6%), 11 liver metastases (8.7%), and 48 lung metastases (38.1%)). Immunohistochemical staining for amine oxidase-related proteins (lysyl oxidase, diamine oxidase, and monoamine oxidase A and B) was performed. In metastatic breast cancer tissue, lysyl oxidase ( p = 0...
May 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Yen-Jang Huang, Kun-Che Hung, Huey-Shan Hung, Shan-Hui Hsu
Nanomaterials with surface functionalized by different chemical groups can either provoke or attenuate the immune responses of the nanomaterials, which is critical to their biomedical efficacies. In this study we demonstrate that synthetic waterborne polyurethane nanoparticles (PU NPs) can inhibit the macrophage polarization towards the M1 phenotype, but not M2 phenotype. The surface-functionalized PU NPs decrease the secretion levels of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β) for M1 macrophages. Specifically, PU NPs with carboxyl groups on the surface exhibit a greater extent of inhibition on M1 polarization than those with amine groups...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wanjie Ren, Meng Qin, Xiaotian Hu, Fengyu Li, Yuanfeng Wang, Yu Huang, Meng Su, Wenbo Li, Xin Qian, Kang-Lai Tang, Yanlin Song
Benefiting from the integrated functions of cilia and glomeruli in the olfactory system, animals can discriminate various odours even in hostile environments. Inspired by this synergetic system of response and signal processing units, a sensor chip of gra-phene oxide (GO) and photonic crystals (PCs) is fabricated. The GO aerogel functions like the olfactory cilia, which effectively captures the analytes and generates abundant sensing signals for recognition; and the PCs act as the olfactory glomeruli, whose periodic structure enables selective enhancement of the fluorescent signals to realize further signal processing...
May 18, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Jian Cao, Hongqi Tian
Metal nanoparticles (NPs) are routinely stabilized by the introduction of capping agents or their distribution on supports. In this context, we report the preparation and characterization of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-stabilized silver NPs supported on polyacrylonitrile fiber (PANF). As a result, Ag loadings of up to 8 % and particle sizes of 11.0±3.2 nm were achieved. This novel nanocomposite catalyst demonstrated high activity in addition to excellent stability and reusability in the three-component reaction between alkynes, haloalkanes, and amines...
May 18, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Aleksandra Gerus, Katarzyna Ślepokura, Jarosław Panek, Aleksandra Turek, Jerzy Lisowski
The reactions of hexaazamacrocycle 1 with 2,6-bis(bromomethyl)pyridine or 2,6-bis[(tosyloxy)methyl)]pyridine in the presence of appropriate carbonates result in the formation of derivatives of cryptand 6 - enantiopure azacryptates of sodium and potassium. Crystal structures of these compounds indicate interaction of a metal ion with four pyridine nitrogen atoms and four tertiary amine atoms. The competition reactions monitored by NMR spectroscopy indicate preferential binding of Na+ over K+ as well as higher affinity of 6 for Na+ in comparison with the [2...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Christiane Kruse Fæste, Lada Ivanova, Amin Sayyari, Ulrik Hansen, Tore Sivertsen, Silvio Uhlig
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most prevalent mycotoxin in cereals worldwide. It can cause adverse health effects in humans and animals, and maximum levels in food and feed have been implemented by food authorities based on risk assessments derived from estimated intake levels. The lack of human toxicokinetic data such as absorption, distribution, and elimination characteristics hinders the direct calculation of DON plasma levels and exposure. In the present study, we have, therefore, used in vitro-to-in vivo extrapolation of depletion constants in hepatic microsomes from different species and allometric scaling of reported in vivo animal parameters to predict the plasma clearance [0...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Chengzhe Gao, Shu Liu, Kevin J Edgar
Regioselective chlorination of cellulose is challenging due to its low reactivity, the small reactivity differences between cellulosic hydroxyl groups, and the high and diverse reactivity of most common chlorinating agents. Halogenation of cellulose affords useful precursors for subsequent nucleophilic substitution reactions, permitting incorporation of new functionality. Herein we report a simple and efficient pathway for preparation of 6-chloro-6-deoxycellulose esters and their derivatives. Cellulose acetate (degree of substitution (DS) 1...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ravindra Kumar Gupta, Ammathnadu Sudhakar Achalkumar
A high yielding microwave-assisted synthetic method to obtain unsymmetrical perylene diester monoimide (PEI), by treating the perylene tetrester (PTE) with requisite amine is reported. Perylene-based molecules are widely used in the construction of self-assembled supramolecular structures because of their propensity to aggregate under various conditions. In comparison to perylene bisimides (PBIs), PEIs are less studied in organic electronics/self-assembly due to the synthetic difficulty and low yields in their preparation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Siyam M Ansar, Saptarshi Chakraborty, Christopher L Kitchens
Mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNP-MUA) were synthesized and demonstrated to possess pH-triggered aggregation and re-dispersion, as well as the capability of phase transfer between aqueous and organic phases in response to changes in pH. The pH of aggregation for AuNP-MUA is consistent with the pKa of MUA (pH ~4) in solution, while AuNP-MUA phase transition between aqueous and organic phases occurs at pH ~9. The ion pair formation between the amine group in octadecylamine (ODA), the carboxylate group in MUA, and the hydrophobic alkyl chain of ODA facilitates the phase transfer of AuNP-MUA into an organic medium...
May 17, 2018: Nanomaterials
Akira Hafuka, Hisashi Satoh, Koji Yamada, Masahiro Takahashi, Satoshi Okabe
We developed an asymmetric fluorescent sensor 1 for Cu2+ , based on 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza- s -indacene (BODIPY), by introducing 4-carboxyphenyl and bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amine groups at the 5- and 3-positions, respectively, of the BODIPY core. We then investigated the photophysical and cation-sensing properties of the sensor. BODIPY 1 showed large absorption and fluorescence spectral shifts on binding to Cu2+ . The fluorescence peak at 580 nm red-shifted to 620 nm. The binding stoichiometry of BODIPY 1 and Cu2+ was 1:3...
May 16, 2018: Materials
Marcos Lorca, Cesar Morales-Verdejo, David Vásquez-Velásquez, Juan Andrades-Lagos, Javier Campanini-Salinas, Jorge Soto-Delgado, Gonzalo Recabarren-Gajardo, Jaime Mella
The wide tissue distribution of the adrenergic β3 receptor makes it a potential target for the treatment of multiple pathologies such as diabetes, obesity, depression, overactive bladder (OAB), and cancer. Currently, there is only one drug on the market, mirabegron, approved for the treatment of OAB. In the present study, we have carried out an extensive structure-activity relationship analysis of a series of 41 aryloxypropanolamine compounds based on three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) techniques...
May 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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