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Mohamed Ezzat Khalifa
Aminothiazole nuclei and their various derivatives have been long used as precursors for the synthesis of biologically active molecules. As a typical heterocyclic amine, 2-aminothiazole is a cornerstone for the synthesis of many compounds, including sulfur drugs, biocides, fungicides, various types of dyes for synthetic fibers and chemical reaction accelerators and as intermediates in the synthesis of antibiotics, where a large number of 2-aminothiazoles have been substituted with different groups for various pharmaceutical purposes, besides their activity as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel protection as well...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Ali Serol Ertürk, Mustafa Ulvi Gürbüz, Metin Tülü, Abdürrezzak Emin Bozdoğan
Different generations (G3-G4) of amine-terminated Jeffamine® T-403 core poly(amidoamine) PAMAM dendrimers (JCPDs) were used as new macromolecular heavy metal chelating agent templates in polymer assisted ultrafiltration (PAUF) for the investigation of their removal ability for some of the divalent metal ions: Cu, Co, Ni, Cd, and Zn from aqueous solutions under competitive conditions. The effects of pH and generation size of JCPDs were also investigated. Extent of binding (EOB) data can be appropriately expressed by a tetradentate coordination for JCPDs at pH 9 where the maximum removal of metal ions was observed...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Huifeng Yu, Yanming An, Marcos Daniel Battistel, John F Cipollo, Darón I Freedberg
Conjugate vaccines are highly heterogeneous in terms of glycosylation sites and linked oligosaccharide length. Therefore, the characterization of conjugate vaccines' glycosylation state is challenging. However, improved product characterization can lead to enhancements in product control and product quality. Here, we present a synergistic combination of high-resolution mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the analysis of glycoconjugates. We use the power of this strategy to characterize model polysaccharide conjugates to demonstrate a detailed level of glycoproteomic analysis...
March 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Ashwani Kumar Singh, Ajit Kumar, Krishna Kamal Haldar, Vinay Gupta, Kedar Singh
This work reports a detail study of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-Fe3O4 nanoparticles composite as an excellent electromagnetic interference shielding (EMI) material in GHz range. rGO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles composite was synthesized using facile, one step, and modified solvothermal method with the reaction of FeCl3, ethylene di amine and graphite oxide powder in presence of ethylene glycol. Various structural, microstructural and optical characterization tools were used to determine its synthesis and various properties...
March 21, 2018: Nanotechnology
Chunyang Wang, Qingyan Cheng, Yanji Wang
Several alkylammonium salts were used in the study of α-titanium phosphate (α-TiP) intercalation chemistry. The characterization results demonstrated that the expected intercalation by direct ion exchange could be successfully achieved without any addition of an extra amine substance. Our findings are different from the current opinion that by the ion-exchange method, without the assistance of bases, large cations are difficult to exchange into the narrow interlayer space of α-tetravalent metal phosphate directly because of the small interlayer distance...
March 21, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Seungjin Lee, Jong Hyun Park, Yun Seok Nam, Bo Ram Lee, Baodan Zhao, Daniele Di Nuzzo, Eui Dae Jung, Hansol Jeon, Ju-Young Kim, Hu Young Jeong, Richard H Friend, Myoung Hoon Song
Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites are emerging as promising emitting materials due to their narrow full-width at half-maximum emissions, color tunability, and high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs). However, the thermal generation of free charges at room temperature results in a low radiative recombination rate and an excitation intensity-dependent PLQY, which is associated with the trap density. Here, we report perovskite films composed of uniform nano-sized single crystals (average diameter = 31...
March 21, 2018: ACS Nano
Xuechuan Gao, Ruixue Cui, Guanfeng Ji, Zhiliang Liu
Benefiting from their porous structures, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted intensive attention for use in drug release. However, the controllable synthesis of MOFs with proper particle sizes is still very challenging, which largely limits its applications. Here, UIO-66-NH2 with controlled particle sizes in the range of 20-200 nm has been achieved successfully. The amine on UIO-66-NH2 is demonstrated for the feasible post-modifying of UIO-66-NH2 to obtain multifunctional MOFs, overcoming the limitations of functional simplicity and broadening the range of applications...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Afsane Bahrami, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Amir Avan, Zahra Mazloum Khorasani, Habibollah Esmaeili, Bahareh Amin, Samine Jazebi, Delaram Kamali, Gordon A Ferns, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
There have been several studies evaluating the association between vitamin and mineral status and menstrual disturbance. In the present study, we aimed to assess the relationship between the menstrual bleeding pattern and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and calcium levels in adolescent girls. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 897 high school girls from northeastern Iran. The prevalence of hypocalcaemia, normal serum calcium and hypercalcaemia was 27.1, 59.8 and 13...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Sarre Kadia Myra Nzaba, Bulelwa Ntsendwana, Bhekie Brilliance Mamba, Alex Tawanda Kuvarega
This study examined the photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye brilliant black (BB) using non-metal/metal co-doped TiO2 . N,Pt co-doped TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by a modified sol-gel method using amine-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimer generation 0 (PG0) as a template and source of nitrogen. Structural, morphological, and textural properties were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), photoluminescence (PL) and ultra-violet/visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis)...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Andrea Gandini, Ahmed A Amin, Hawraz Ibrahim M Amin, Davide Corriero, Alessio Porta, Giuseppe Zanoni
A practical methodology for the synthesis of key intermediates for isoprostane, neuroprostane and dihomo-isoprostane preparation has been described. The key strategy involved a three stage C-12 stereocenter inversion of the configuration of a Corey lactone, commercially available in an enantiopure form. The key intermediate was then used to prepare 17-E2c-dihomo-isoprostane and 17-F2c-dihomo-isoprostane.
March 21, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Chong Meng Lee, Malkit K Dhillon, Mohd Amin Sulaiman
Background: The use of navigation for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves limb alignment in the coronal and sagittal planes. However, similar improvements in femoral and tibial component rotation have not yet been realized using currently available systems. Methods: We developed a modified navigated TKA technique in which femoral rotation was set using the resected tibial plane as the reference with the aim of achieving a rectangular flexion gap. Limb alignment was assessed in a cohort of 30 knees using the navigation system...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Ladan Goshayeshi, Benyamin Hoseini, Zahra Yousefli, Alireza Khooie, Kobra Etminani, Abbas Esmaeilzadeh, Amin Golabpour
Background and aim: Gastric cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in the world. Characterized by poor prognosis, it is a frequent cause of cancer in Iran. The aim of the study was to design a predictive model of survival time for patients suffering from gastric cancer. Methods: This was a historical cohort conducted between 2011 and 2016. Study population were 277 patients suffering from gastric cancer. Data were gathered from the Iranian Cancer Registry and the laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital in Mashhad, Iran...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Amanda Rodrigues Vieira, Nayara Salles, Marco Borges, Theo Mota
For more than a century, visual learning and memory has been studied in the honeybee Apis mellifera using operant appetitive conditioning. Although honeybees show impressive visual learning capacities in this well-established protocol, operant training of free-flying animals can hardly be combined with invasive protocols for studying the neurobiological basis of visual learning. In view of that, different efforts have been made to develop new classical conditioning protocols for studying visual learning in harnessed honeybees, though learning performances remain considerably poorer than those obtained in free-flying animals...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Opute M Yvette, Sarel F Malan, Dale Taylor, Erika Kapp, Jacques Joubert
Previously we have shown that pentacycloundecylamine-chloroquinoline (PCU-CQ) conjugates possess significant chemosensitizing abilities and can circumvent the resistance associated with chloroquine (CQ) resistant plasmodia. In order to further explore structurally related polycyclic compounds as reversed CQ agents we synthesized a series of eight aza-adamantanol (1-4) and adamantane-imine (5-8) CQ conjugates. All conjugates showed limited cytotoxicity against CHO cells (IC50  > 37 µM). Compounds 1, 2 and 5 were highly active (K1 IC50  < 100 nM) exhibiting a 3-4-fold increase in antiplasmodial activity against CQ resistant strain K1 compared to CQ...
March 12, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Marion Gay, Pascal Carato, Mathilde Coevoet, Nicolas Renault, Paul-Emmanuel Larchanché, Amélie Barczyk, Saïd Yous, Luc Buée, Nicolas Sergeant, Patricia Melnyk
The chloroquinoline scaffold is characteristic of anti-malarial drugs such as chloroquine (CQ) or amodiaquine (AQ). These drugs are also described for their potential effectiveness against prion disease, HCV, EBV, Ebola virus, cancer, Parkinson or Alzheimer diseases. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism is deregulated in Alzheimer's disease. Indeed, CQ modifies amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism by precluding the release of amyloid-beta peptides (Aβ), which accumulate in the brain of Alzheimer patients to form the so-called amyloid plaques...
March 12, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Zheng Zheng, Julia Saar, Bo Zhi, Tian Autumn Qiu, Miranda J Gallagher, D Howard Fairbrother, Christy L Haynes, Karen Lienkamp, Zeev Rosenzweig
The paper describes the interactions between poly (oxonorbornenes) (PONs)-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with phospholipid vesicles, and shows that the strength of these interactions strongly depends on the molecular structure of PONs, specifically their amine/alkyl side chain ratio. PONs, which are a recently introduced class of cationic polyelectrolytes, can be systematically varied to control the amine/alkyl ratio and to explore how the chemical character of cationic polyelectrolytes affect their interactions and the interactions of their nanoparticle conjugates with model membranes...
March 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Alireza Vakilian, Seyed Moein Razavi-Nasab, Ali Ravari, Tayebeh Mirzaei, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Nazanin Jalali, Reza Bahramabadi, Mohammadtaghi Rezayati, Amin Yazdanpanah-Ravari, Farhad Bahmaniar, Mohammad Reza Bagheri, Mahmood Sheikh Fathollahi, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Mohammad Kazemi Arababadi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) suffer from psychotic symptoms including pain. The current antipsychotic drugs confer limited effectiveness, and hence new strategies are being designed to decrease pain in order to increase antipsychological effectiveness. Vitamin B12 is a safe supplementary drug to decrease pain. Additionally, cytokines participate in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases such as AD. Thus, the main aim of this clinical trial study was to determine the effects of treatment with risperidone and quetiapine, as antipsychotic drugs, with and without vitamin B12 on the psychotic symptoms of AD patients and the expression of IL-6, IL-8, tumor growth factor (TGF)-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and endothelin (ET)-1)...
March 20, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
Hossein Amini-Khoei, Nastaran Kordjazy, Arya Haj-Mirzaian, Shayan Amiri, Arvin Haj-Mirzaian, Armin Shirzadian, Amin Hasanvand, Shima Balali-Dehkordi, Mahsa Hassanipoor, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Anticonvulsant effects of minocycline have been explored recently. This study was designed to examine the anticonvulsant effect of acute administration of minocycline on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in mouse considering the possible role of nitric oxide (NO)/NMDA pathway. We induced seizure using intravenous administration of PTZ. Our results showed that acute administration of minocycline increased the seizure threshold. Furthermore, co-administration of sub-effective doses of the non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, L-NAME (10 mg/kg) and the neuronal NOS inhibitor, 7-nitroindazole (40 mg/kg) enhanced the anticonvulsant effect of sub-effective dose of minocycline (40 mg/kg)...
March 20, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Caili Huang, Yu Chai, Yufeng Jiang, Joe Forth, Paul D Ashby, Matthias Michael Lothar Arras, Kunlun Hong, Gregory Scott Smith, Panchao Yin, Thomas P Russell
Polyoxometalates (POMs) using {Mo72V30} as an example, dissolved in water, can interact with amine-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS-NH2) dissolved in toluene at the water/toluene interface to form POM-surfactants that significantly lower the interfacial tension and can be used to stabilize liquids via interfacial elasticity. The jamming of the POM-surfactants at the water/oil interface, with consequent wrinkling, occurs with a decrease in the interfacial area. The packing density of the POM-surfactants at the interface can be tuned by varying the strength of screening with the addition of cations with differing hydrated radii...
March 20, 2018: Nano Letters
Stevenson K Chea, Tabitha W Mwangi, Kennedy K Ndirangu, Osman A Abdullahi, Patrick K Munywoki, Amina Abubakar, Amin S Hassan
BACKGROUND: Home delivery, referring to pregnant women giving birth in the absence of a skilled birth attendant, is a significant contributor to maternal mortality, and is encouragingly reported to be on a decline in the general population in resource limited settings. However, much less is known about home delivery amongst HIV-infected women in sub-Saharan Africa (sSA). We described the prevalence and correlates of home delivery among HIV-infected women attending care at a rural public health facility in Kilifi, Coastal Kenya...
2018: PloS One
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