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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525233/small-animal-massage-therapy-a-brief-review-and-relevant-observations
#1
REVIEW
Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aurélio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521578/physiologic-correlates-of-culture-bound-dissociation-a-comparative-study-of-brazilian-spiritist-mediums-and-controls
#2
Marco Aurélio Vinhosa Bastos, Paulo Roberto Haidamus de Oliveira Bastos, Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Sérgio Augusto Monteiro Pinheiro, Décio Iandoli, Giancarlo Lucchetti
Mediumship and spirit possession are cultural phenomena found in many societies worldwide. In Brazil, Spiritism (a tradition in which mediumship is emphasized) is the third largest religious denomination. The present study aimed to investigate physiologic correlates of nonpathological dissociative experiences by comparing 20 female spiritist mediums with several years of socially sanctioned practice to 20 female nonmedium control subjects from the same religious context. We measured plasma levels of hormones and neuroactive substances, as well as vital signs and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters, before and immediately after spirit communication...
April 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519176/stress-response-to-ovariohysterectomy-in-rabbits-role-of-anaesthesia-and-surgery
#3
I Chaniotakis, E Antoniou, N Kostomitsopoulos, S Karapsias, P Mirilas, C Salakos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroendocrine and inflammation response to laparoscopic total ovariohysterectomy (TOH) in rabbits, by comparing surgical stress markers of laparoscopic group with those of conventional open ovariohysterectomy and open ovariohysterectomy with pre-incisional local anaesthesia groups. Blood was sampled from 18 rabbits, of which six underwent laparoscopic TOH, six conventional open TOH and six conventional open TOH with pre-incisional local anaesthesia, 30 min before induction of anaesthesia (T0), immediately after skin incision (T1), 90 min postoperatively (T2), and 24 h postoperatively (T3)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503401/variation-in-patient-backgrounds-practice-patterns-and-outcomes-of-high-risk-pulmonary-embolism-in-japan
#4
Hiraku Funakoshi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
High-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) with hypotension, circulatory failure, or cardiac arrest is a rare, but life-threating condition. Many guidelines recommend that thrombolytic therapy is the first-line therapy for this condition and surgical embolectomy is an alternative treatment. However, nationwide data have been lacking on patient characteristics and practice patterns for high-risk PE in a real-world clinical setting.We defined high-risk PE patients as those who received noradrenaline and underwent surgical embolectomy or thrombolysis within one day after admission...
March 5, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461475/octodrine-new-questions-and-challenges-in-sport-supplements
#5
Valeria Catalani, Mariya Prilutskaya, Ahmed Al-Imam, Shanna Marrinan, Yasmine Elgharably, Mire Zloh, Giovanni Martinotti, Robert Chilcott, Ornella Corazza
Background : Octodrine is the trade name for Dimethylhexylamine (DMHA), a central nervous stimulant that increases the uptake of dopamine and noradrenaline. Originally developed as a nasal decongestant in the 1950's, it has recently been re-introduced on the market as a pre-workout and 'fat-burner' product but its use remains unregulated. Our work provides the first observational cross-sectional analytic study on Octodrine as a new drug trend and its associated harms after a gap spanning seven decades. Methods : A comprehensive multilingual assessment of literature, websites, drug fora and other online resources was carried out with no time restriction in English, German, Russian and Arabic...
February 20, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#6
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438568/haemodynamic-assessment-and-support-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-resource-limited-settings
#7
David Misango, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Tim Baker, Martin W Dünser, Arjen M Dondorp, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Recommendations for haemodynamic assessment and support in sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings are largely lacking. Methods: A task force of six international experts in critical care medicine, all of them members of the Global Intensive Care Working Group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and with extensive bedside experience in resource-limited intensive care units, reviewed the literature and provided recommendations regarding haemodynamic assessment and support, keeping aspects of efficacy and effectiveness, availability and feasibility and affordability and safety in mind...
February 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397598/-the-clinical-significance-of-microcirculation-and-oxygen-metabolism-evaluation-in-acute-kidney-injury-assessment-in-patients-with-septic-shock-after-resuscitation
#8
C Yu, D W Liu, X T Wang, H W He, P Pan, Z Q Xing
Objective: To evaluate the value of microcirculation and oxygen metabolism evaluation (MicrOME) in acute kidney injury(AKI) evaluation in patients with septic shock after resuscitation. Methods: Consecutive patients with septic shock after resuscitation and mechanical ventilation were enrolled from October 2016 to February 2017 in ICU at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Patients were divided into 3 groups based on 10 min transcutaneous oxygen challenge test transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen(PtcO(2))and venoarterial pressure of carbon dioxide difference (Pv-aCO(2)) /arteriovenous O(2) content difference (Ca-vO(2)) by blood gas analysis, i...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260408/practical-treatment-of-lewy-body-disease-in-the-clinic-patient-and-physician-perspectives
#9
Elisabet Londos
This article describes the practical considerations in the clinical medical treatment in dementia with Lewy body (DLB) patients. It is illustrated with the voice of a DLB sufferer and his wife. According to our experience, emanating from a 15 year collaboration between a doctor and a nurse at a memory clinic, there are several possible therapeutical entrances. However, the order in which the medication is introduced is of great importance to avoid aggravation of other DLB symptoms. We start the treatment with cholinesterase inhibitor and memantine, and; thereafter, we treat the most disturbing symptom...
December 19, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248426/pharmacological-evidence-that-metformin-blocks-the-vasopressor-responses-mediated-by-stimulation-of-%C3%AE-1-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptors-in-pithed-rats
#10
Saúl Huerta de la Cruz, Grecia J Medina-Terol, Jesús H Beltrán-Ornelas, Carolina B Gomez, Yaltzir Morato-Valderrama, Araceli Sánchez-López, David Centurión
It has been reported that metformin reduces blood pressure although the mechanisms have not been described. Indeed, several mechanisms could be implicated including the interaction with α-adrenoceptors or inhibition of sympathetic outflow. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the capability of metformin to block the vasopressor responses induced by α1/2 -adrenoceptor agonists or selective electrical stimulation of sympathetic outflow. For this purpose, Wistar male rats were anesthetized, pithed and cannulated for selective preganglionic stimulation of the vasopressor sympathetic outflow or drugs administration...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054696/effects-of-articaine-on-3-h-noradrenaline-release-from-cortical-and-spinal-cord-slices-prepared-from-normal-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-and-compared-to-lidocaine
#11
D Végh, A Somogyi, D Bányai, M Lakatos, M Balogh, M Al-Khrasani, S Fürst, E S Vizi, P Hermann
Since a significant proportion of diabetic patients have clinical or subclinical neuropathy, there may be concerns about the use of local anaesthetics. The present study was designed to determine and compare the effects of articaine, a widely used anaesthetic in dental practice, and lidocaine on the resting and axonal stimulation-evoked release of [(3)H]noradrenaline ([(3)H]NA) in prefrontal cortex slices and the release of [(3)H]NA in spinal cord slices prepared from non-diabetic and streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic (glucose level=22...
October 18, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027806/clinical-evaluation-and-treatment-of-phaeochromocytoma
#12
Andrew S Davison, Danielle M Jones, Stuart Ruthven, Timothy Helliwell, Susannah L Shore
Phaeochromocytoma and extra adrenal paraganglioma are rare neuroendocrine tumours and have the potential to secrete adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine causing a myriad of clinical symptoms. Prompt diagnosis is essential for clinicians and requires a multidisciplinary specialist approach for the clinical and laboratory investigation, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients. This paper is an integrated review of the clinical and laboratory evaluation and treatment of patients suspected to have phaeochromocytoma or paraganglioma, highlighting recent developments and best practices from recent published clinical guidelines...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021760/saponins-and-flavonoids-from-adzuki-bean-vigna-angularis-l-ameliorate-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-icr-mice
#13
Rui Liu, Yinan Zheng, Zongwei Cai, Baojun Xu
Background and purpose: As an herbal medicine, adzuki bean has been practiced since the Tang Dynasty of China to maintain health and control weight; this practice is still very popular in China nowadays. However, it is still lack of sufficient scientific basis to explain scientific principle of this popular civil practice in weight control using adzuki bean. The purpose of this study was to verify and explain the anti-obesity effects of adzuki bean through in vitro enzymatic assays, in vitro lipolysis and in vivo study of obese mice model...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925895/cardiovascular-drug-therapy-for-human-newborn-review-of-pharmacodynamic-data
#14
Ebru Ergenekon, Héctor Rojas-Anaya, María Carmen Bravo, Charalampos Kotidis, Liam Mahoney, Heike Rabe
BACKGROUND: Circulatory failure in preterm and term newborn infants is commonly treated with inotropes or vasoactive medications. In this structured literature review, the available data on pharmacodynamic effects of the inotropes adrenaline, dobutamine, dopamine, levosimendan, milrinone, noradrenaline, and the vasoactive drugs vasopressin and hydrocortisone are presented. METHODS: Structured searches were conducted to identify relevant articles according to pre-defined inclusion criteria which were human clinical trials published after 2000...
September 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886456/broccoli-shaped-biosensor-hierarchy-for-electrochemical-screening-of-noradrenaline-in-living-cells
#15
Mohammed Y Emran, Moataz Mekawy, Naeem Akhtar, Mohamed A Shenashen, Islam M El-Sewify, Ahmed Faheem, Sherif A El-Safty
Monitoring and determination of ultra-trace concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitter such as noradrenaline (NA) in living cells with simple, sensitive and selective assays are significantly interesting. We design NA-electrode sensing system based on C-, N-doped NiO broccoli-like hierarchy (CNNB). The spherical broccoli-head umbrella architectures associated with nano-tubular arrangements enabled to tailor NA biosensor design. The homogenous doping and anisotropic dispersion of CN nanospheres along the entire NB head nanotubes lead to creating of abundant electroactive sites in the interior tubular vessels and outer surfaces for ultrasensitive detection of NA in living cells such as PC12...
August 31, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574956/identifying-high-alert-medications-in-a-university-hospital-by-applying-data-from-the-medication-error-reporting-system
#16
Lotta Tyynismaa, Anni Honkala, Marja Airaksinen, Kenneth Shermock, Lasse Lehtonen
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate safe use of high-alert medications, lists of medications posing higher risks for medication errors (MEs) and harmful effects have been compiled. These lists can be general or reflect clinical practices in specific settings. Less common has been to compile a hospital-specific list applying data from the organization's ME reporting system. Our objective was to demonstrate a method for compiling such a high-alert medication list in a university hospital. METHODS: Of the eighteen 136 MEs reported during 2007 to 2013, ME reports with medications coded as a contributing factor to the incident were included (n = 249)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488261/use-of-tramadol-in-psychiatric-care-a-comprehensive-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#17
Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Franziska Gamma, Jaak Panksepp
Tramadol is widely prescribed for treating acute and chronic forms of pain. It is a weak mu-receptor opioid agonist and also increases concentrations of serotonin and noradrenaline within the limbic system of the brain. The therapeutic range of tramadol is relatively wide. Compared with other opioid agonists, there is little risk for developing tolerance and for abuse. Recent models of depression emphasise the subjective experience of a depressive mood as being, in part, a psychologically painful state. It is well established that psychological stress due to social separation/loss, disruption or be-trayal of pre-existent significant interpersonal bonds is mediated by the activation of the mammalian PANIC (separation-distress) system...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376400/antipsychotic-activity-of-embelin-isolated-from-embelia-ribes-a-preliminary-study
#18
Sharanbasappa Durg, Naveen Kumar B, Ravichandra Vandal, Shivsharan B Dhadde, B S Thippeswamy, Veeresh P Veerapur, Shrishailappa Badami
BACKGROUND: Embelia ribes is claimed in Indian traditional medical practice to be useful in the treatment of nervous diseases. Embelin, an alkyl substituted hydroxy benzoquinone, is a major active constituent of E. ribes. The present preliminary study was intended to evaluate antipsychotic activity of embelin against apomorphine-induced climbing behaviour in mice and stereotyped behaviour in rats. METHODS: Two doses of embelin (5 and 10mg/kg) were administered once daily for 15days before exposure to apomorphine...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367606/antidepressant-like-effect-of-the-endogenous-neuroprotective-amine-1metiq-in-clonidine-induced-depression-behavioral-and-neurochemical-studies-in-rats
#19
Lucyna Antkiewicz-Michaluk, Irena Romańska, Agnieszka Wąsik, Jerzy Michaluk
Biogenic amines such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin play a well-described role in the treatment of mood disorders especially depression. Animal models are widely used to study antidepressant-like effect in rodents; however, it should be taken into account that pharmacological models do not always answer to the complexity of the disease processes. This study verified the behavioral (forced swim test (FST), locomotor activity test) and neurochemical effects (monoamines metabolism) of a low dose of clonidine (0...
July 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239974/simultaneous-monitoring-of-monoamines-amino-acids-nucleotides-and-neuropeptides-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-its-application-to-neurosecretion-in-bovine-chromaffin-cells
#20
Aneta Wojnicz, José Avendaño-Ortiz, Ricardo de Pascual, Lucía Ruiz-Pascual, Antonio G García, Ana Ruiz-Nuño
The primary functions of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells are the synthesis and storage in their chromaffin vesicles of the catecholamines noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (AD), and their subsequent release into the bloodstream by Ca2+ -dependent exocytosis under conditions of fear or stress (fight or flight response). Several monoamines, nucleotides and opiates, such as leucine-enkephalin (LENK) and methionine-enkephalin (MENK), are also co-stored and co-released with the catecholamines. However, other neurotransmitters have not been studied in depth...
August 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
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