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Newborn circumcision

Brian J Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner, John N Krieger, Bradley J Willcox, Pierre D Crouse, Neil Pollock
INTRODUCTION: The Canadian Pediatrics Society (CPS) recently released a position statement on early infant (newborn) male circumcision (EIMC). It concluded that since benefits do not exceed risks, circumcision should only be performed on boys in high-risk populations or circumstances. This contradicts recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) whose policies each support more widespread implementation of EIMC. Here we review the CPS statement, particularly its risk-benefit analysis, to determine the basis for this disparity...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
Lisa Mondzelewski, Sheila Gahagan, Christine Johnson, Hala Madanat, Kyung Rhee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Newborn circumcision, particularly in the first 24 hours of life, has been thought to adversely affect breastfeeding initiation. However, no studies specifically support an association between early circumcision and difficulty with breastfeeding initiation or maintenance. This study was designed to determine whether timing of newborn circumcision affects rates of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 2 weeks of life. METHODS: A retrospective study of 797 newborn boys and their mothers was conducted at a large military hospital...
October 3, 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Jong Kwan Park, A Ram Doo, Joo Heung Kim, Hyung Sub Park, Jung Mo Do, Hwang Choi, Seung Chol Park, Myung Ki Kim, Young Beom Jeong, Hyung Jim Kim, Young Gon Kim, Yu Seob Shin
INTRODUCTION: We prospectively investigated the relationship between newborn male circumcision (NMC) and second to fourth digit ratio with penile length. METHODS: As participants for our study, we identified already circumcised young patients who visited our hospital for urological treatment. The age at which the circumcision had been done was assessed. The patients' height and weight were measured. Second to fourth digit ratio was calculated by measuring the second and fourth digit lengths...
September 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
B M Gbadebo, R F Afolabi, A S Adebowale
BACKGROUND: Female Circumcision (FC) is a harmful traditional practice and remains a public health problem particularly in the era of HIV/AIDS. Aside its numerous health implications, it can cause infertility, complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths. FC is widely practised in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the level of FC, daughters' circumcision and attitude towards discontinuation of the practice among women of reproductive age...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Richard Otto, Grant Evans, Christopher Boniquit, Dennis Peppas, Jeffrey Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To identify why parents who want their child circumcised do not have them circumcised before the window for new born circumcision (NBC) closes. We evaluate many patients in our pediatric urology clinic for circumcision in the operating room (OR) which is associated with increased inconvenience, morbidity and cost. METHODS: From 2010-2013 we surveyed 53 parents seeking NBC for their sons less than one month old. We surveyed a second group of 51 parents with sons between one month and two years old seeking OR circumcision...
July 19, 2016: Urology
Bonnie Stevens, Janet Yamada, Arne Ohlsson, Sarah Haliburton, Allyson Shorkey
BACKGROUND: Administration of oral sucrose with and without non-nutritive sucking is the most frequently studied non-pharmacological intervention for procedural pain relief in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy, effect of dose, method of administration and safety of sucrose for relieving procedural pain in neonates as assessed by validated composite pain scores, physiological pain indicators (heart rate, respiratory rate, saturation of peripheral oxygen in the blood, transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide (gas exchange measured across the skin - TcpO2, TcpCO2), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), electroencephalogram (EEG), or behavioural pain indicators (cry duration, proportion of time crying, proportion of time facial actions (e...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Virgile Kikaya, Rajab Kakaire, Elizabeth Thompson, Mareitumetse Ramokhele, Tigistu Adamu, Kelly Curran, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS recommend early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a component of male circumcision programs in countries with high HIV prevalence and low circumcision rates. Lesotho began incorporating EIMC into routine maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services in 2013 with funding from the United States Agency for International Development and United Nations Children's Fund. This presented unique challenges: Lesotho had no previous experience with EIMC and cultural traditions link removal of the foreskin to rites of passage...
July 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Laura Fitzgerald, Wendy Benzerga, Munamato Mirira, Tigistu Adamu, Tracey Shissler, Raymond Bitchong, Mandla Malaza, Makhosini Mamba, Paul Mangara, Kelly Curran, Thembisile Khumalo, Phumzile Mlambo, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Vusi Maziya
BACKGROUND: The government of the Kingdom of Swaziland recognizes that it must urgently scale up HIV prevention interventions, such as voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). Swaziland has adopted a 2-phase approach to male circumcision scale-up. The catch-up phase prioritizes VMMC services for adolescents and adults, while the sustainability phase involves the establishment of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). Swaziland does not have a modern-day tradition of circumcision, and the VMMC program has met with client demand challenges...
July 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Shamiso Fernando, Collin Mangenah, Kumbirai Chatora, Owen Mugurungi, Ismail Ticklay, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) recommend early infant male circumcision (EIMC) for prevention of HIV. Here, we present findings from a qualitative study in Zimbabwe that assessed parental and health care workers' perspectives of EIMC conducted using devices. METHODS: This qualitative study was nested within a trial of EIMC devices. Between January and May 2013, we held 4 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 12 in-depth interviews with parents and 12 in-depth interviews with clinicians (7 trial clinicians and 5 non-trial clinicians)...
July 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Webster Mavhu, Natasha Larke, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Helen A Weiss, Collin Mangenah, Prosper Chonzi, Owen Mugurungi, Juliet Mufuka, Christopher A Samkange, Gerald Gwinji, Frances M Cowan, Ismail Ticklay
BACKGROUND: For prevention of HIV, early infant male circumcision (EIMC) needs to be scaled up in countries with high HIV prevalence. Routine EIMC will maintain the HIV prevention gains anticipated from current adult male circumcision initiatives. We present here the results of a field study of EIMC conducted in Zimbabwe. METHODS: The study was observational and based on the World Health Organization (WHO) framework for clinical evaluation of male circumcision devices...
July 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Charles W Concodora, Max Maizels, Gregory E Dean, Dana A Weiss, Seth A Alpert, John D Edmondson, Jack S Elder, Anthony Herndon, James M Elmore, Karen Rychlik
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Task Force on Circumcision has called for the development of standards of trainee proficiency in regards to evaluation and technique for neonatal clamp circumcision (NCC). At the present time, there is no standardized or general consensus on patient selection for NCC. An improved method to evaluate newborns for NCC is an important first step in this process. Therefore, the authors collaborated to identify criteria useful in the evaluation of newborns for suitability for NCC, and for assessment of success after NCC and have named it "Checklist Assessment for Neonatal Clamp Circumcision Suitability...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michael T Brady
Newborn male circumcision is a minor surgical procedure that has generated significant controversy. Accumulating evidence supports significant health benefits, most notably reductions in urinary tract infections, acquisition of HIV and a number of other sexually transmitted infections, penile cancer, phimosis, paraphimosis, balanitis and lichen sclerosis. While circumcision, like any surgical procedure, has risks for complications, they occur in less than 1 in 500 infants circumcised and most are minor and require minimal intervention...
June 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Hossein Faramarzi, Davood Mehrabani, Maryam Fard, Maryam Akhavan, Sona Zare, Shabnam Bakhshalizadeh, Amir Manafi, Somaieh Kazemnejad, Reza Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Menstrual blood-derived stem cells (MenSCs) are a novel source of stem cells that can be easily isolated non-invasively from female volunteered donor without ethical consideration. These mesenchymal-like stem cells have high rate of proliferation and possess multi lineage differentiation potency. This study was undertaken to isolate the MenSCs and assess their potential in differentiation into epidermal lineage. METHODS: About 5-10 ml of menstrual blood (MB) was collected using sterile Diva cups inserted into vagina during menstruation from volunteered healthy fertile women aged between 22-30 years...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Ida Sneppen, Jørgen Thorup
OBJECTIVE: As a consequence of the discussion on whether the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks and the discrepancies in reported figures of complications, we evaluated the incidence and morbidity of foreskin surgery due to medical indications in boys from the Capital Region of Denmark in 2014. METHODS: Medical records from all boys operated on the foreskin due to medical reasons in the Capital Region in 2014 were reviewed. Patients with hypospadias, ritual circumcision, and redo-surgery because of complications to nontherapeutic circumcision were excluded...
May 2016: Pediatrics
Hamed M Seleim, Mohamed M Elbarbary
AIM: To report a grading system for complications of male circumcision, and to represent our experience with salvage surgery for postcircumcision electro-cautery penile ablation injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Circumcision injuries presented to our department between January 2010 and January 2015 were collected and graded into five categories according to the degree of penile injury, and the possibility for surgical reversibility. RESULTS: Salvage surgery was carried out on 5 cases of post circumcision total phallic loss (grade V injuries)...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Bora Özveren
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the decision-making attitudes, course of informed consent, and satisfaction levels of parents who opted for newborn circumcision (NC) in a societal setting where the timing of circumcision is generally determined by tradition. METHODS: Online questionnaire was sent to 1235 parents of boys who had NC. RESULTS: The response rate was 50.4%. The final decision of newborn circumcision depended on the mother in 51.47%. Nearly 75% of circumcisions were performed before hospital discharge...
April 2016: Urology
Egemen Eroglu, Gokhan Gundogdu
INTRODUCTION: We reported on the incidence of isolated penile torsion among our healthy children and our approach to this anomaly. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014, newborn babies with penile torsion were classified according to the angle of torsion. Surgical correction (penile degloving and reattachment for moderate cases and dorsal dartos flap technique in case of resistance) after 6 months was advised to the babies with rotations more than 45°. RESULTS: Among 1000 newborn babies, 200 isolated penile torsions were found, and among these, 43 had torsions more than 45°, and 4 of these had angles greater than 90°...
November 2015: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Egemen Eroğlu, Banu Oflaz Sözmen, Sinan Mahir Kayiran, Selvinaz Balci, Berkan Gürakan
Evaluation of coagulation parameters prior to newborn circumcision is routinely performed in many countries. However, the value of this screening in predicting the bleeding risk is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the preoperative prolonged prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and excessive bleeding after the circumcision in term, healthy newborns without family history of coagulopathy. The medical records of healthy, full term newborns born at VKV American Hospital, in Istanbul, Turkey, between 2009 and 2012 who were circumcised within the first week of life, were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
S Todd Sorokan, Jane C Finlay, Ann L Jefferies
The circumcision of newborn males in Canada has become a less frequent practice over the past few decades. This change has been significantly influenced by past recommendations from the Canadian Paediatric Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics, who both affirmed that the procedure was not medically indicated. Recent evidence suggesting the potential benefit of circumcision in preventing urinary tract infection and some sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, has prompted the Canadian Paediatric Society to review the current medical literature in this regard...
August 2015: Paediatrics & Child Health
Özge Sezin Somuncu, Pakize Neslihan Taşlı, Hatice Burcu Şişli, Salih Somuncu, Fikrettin Şahin
Circumcision is described as a cultural, medical, and religious process which states surgical removal of the foreskin either partly or fully. Cells isolated from the circumcised tissues are referred as foreskin cells. They have been thought as feeder cell lines for embryonic stem cells. Their fibroblastic properties were also utilized for several experiments. The waste tissues that remain after the circumcision thought to have stem cell properties. Therefore, there have been very few attempts to expose their stem cell properties without turning them into induced pluripotent stem cells...
November 2015: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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