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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889259/episiotomy-and-severe-perineal-trauma-among-eastern-african-immigrant-women-giving-birth-in-public-maternity-care-a-population-based-study-in-victoria-australia
#1
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: Eastern African immigrants from countries affected by female genital mutilation have resettled in many developed countries, including Australia. Although possibly at risk of perineal trauma and episiotomy, research investigating their perineal status post-migration is sparse. AIM: To investigate variations in episiotomy use and incidence of severe perineal tear for women born in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan compared with Australian-born women...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858133/female-genital-mutilation-the-role-of-medical-professional-organizations
#2
Tony Bazi
Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to alteration of the external genitalia of girls without medical benefit. It is estimated by United Nations agencies that 200 million living girls and women have been subjected to different forms of FGM worldwide. Despite the criminalization of the procedure in the vast majority of countries where it is practiced, the decline in the incidence of this ritual is far from satisfactory. Immediate and long-term ill effects are well documented. Most publications of relevance originate from countries outside the map of FGM...
November 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845551/socioeconomic-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation
#3
Mansoureh Refaei, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Abolghasem Pourreza, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the important aspects of reproductive health. The economic, social and health consequences of FGM threaten the achievement of sustainable development goals. The purpose of this study was to assess the economic, social and reproductive health consequences of FGM from the perspective of individual, family, community and health system. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed 1536 articles from 1979 to 2015. Fifty-one studies were directly related to our goal...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842460/female-genital-mutilation-and-transcultural-nursing-adaptation-of-the-rising-sun-model
#4
Ismael Jiménez-Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a widespread practice mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered an affront on the dignity and health of women and young girls. OBJECTIVES: To establish a theoretical model, inspired by that of Madeleine Leininger, in order to examine the reasonings used to justify FGM. METHODS: Theorization through bibliographic review. Resuts and conclusions: The factors used to justify this act are diverse and convert the tradition into a form of cultural care...
November 29, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830941/-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#5
Sada Mire
The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects...
November 10, 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829358/the-evolution-of-genital-complexity-and-mating-rates-in-sexually-size-dimorphic-spiders
#6
Matjaž Kuntner, Ren-Chung Cheng, Simona Kralj-Fišer, Chen-Pan Liao, Jutta M Schneider, Mark A Elgar
BACKGROUND: Genital diversity may arise through sexual conflict over polyandry, where male genital features function to manipulate female mating frequency against her interest. Correlated genital evolution across animal groups is consistent with this view, but a link between genital complexity and mating rates remains to be established. In sexually size dimorphic spiders, golden orbweaving spiders (Nephilidae) males mutilate their genitals to form genital plugs, but these plugs do not always prevent female polyandry...
November 9, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823125/petals
#7
(no author information available yet)
Created by Coventry University, this app aims to provide information to those who are at risk of, or want more information on, female genital mutilation (FGM).
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814137/the-patient-s-perspective-female-genital-mutilation-in-arab-and-islamic-history
#8
Yassar Alamri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794727/dh-launches-fgm-resources-for-healthcare-professionals-on-youtube
#9
(no author information available yet)
A series of four short films have been launched to help nurses safeguard and care for women and girls affected by female genital mutilation (FGM).
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#10
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788630/educating-about-female-genital-mutilation
#11
Victoria Holmes, Rebecca Farrington, Peggy Mulongo
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the UK but nevertheless practised in some immigrant communities. Effective educational approaches are required to inform policy and to direct resources, often in the voluntary sector. The opinions in this article arise from discussions with professionals and members of FGM-practising communities. We highlight the importance of sharing experiences and expertise across health and social care professionals as well as working in partnership with culturally sensitive Non-Governmental Organisations...
October 28, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785105/attitude-toward-female-genital-mutilation-among-somali-and-harari-people-eastern-ethiopia
#12
Asresash Demissie Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a worldwide problem, and it is practiced by many communities in Africa and Asia as well as immigrants from those areas. This practice results in short- and long-term health consequences on women's health. Like many other developing countries, FGM is widely practiced in Ethiopia, especially among Somali and Harari ethnic groups. Despite intensive campaigns against FGM in Ethiopia, since 2011, it has been practiced in the aforementioned communities...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741194/female-genital-mutilation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool-for-health-care-professionals
#13
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lucrezia Catania, Michelle Jane Hindin, Lale Say, Patrick Petignat, Omar Abdulcadir
Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. Health care providers for women and girls living with female genital mutilation have reported difficulties in recognizing, classifying, and recording female genital mutilation, which can adversely affect treatment of complications and discussions of the prevention of the practice in future generations. According to the World Health Organization, female genital mutilation is classified into four types, subdivided into subtypes...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734741/female-genital-mutilation-a-urology-focus
#14
Elinor Clarke
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a collective term for the deliberate alteration, removal and cutting of the female genitalia. It has no known health benefits and can have negative physical and psychological consequences. The number of women and girls in the UK that are affected by FGM is unknown. Recent NHS data suggested that FGM has been evident (declared or observed) in women who have accessed health care; however, there are gaps in knowledge and a limited evidence base on the health consequences of FGM...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734726/intermittent-self-catheterisation-for-urolgical-problems-caused-by-fgm
#15
Debbie Duncan
This is the fourth and final article in a series on female genital mutilation (FGM). It describes the complications of FGM, with a focus on the urinary ones. FGM refers to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or damage to other female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM into four types (1-4). Women who have type 3 commonly experience long-term complications of their urological tract. The first-line treatment for type 3 FGM involves surgical defibulation, but this is not always successful and women can be left with neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urethral stricture disease...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728918/-coping-process-in-women-with-fgm-from-ethiopia-the-contribution-of-attitude
#16
Christina Pechmann, Franz Petermann, Sören Schmidt, Dennis Nitkowski, Anke Köbach, Martina Ruf, Thomas Elbert
The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is still practiced in many countries and mainly performed for traditional reasons. In this study, the relationship of the FGM type (type I and type III) with anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder as well as the attitude toward FGM was analyzed. For this purpose the data of N=109 of FGM type I and III affected women from Ethiopia were collected. Analyses show moderation effects. It was found that the symptoms of depression and PTSD were less pronounced with a positive attitude towards the FGM in the sample of severely mutilated women (type III)...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724946/episiotomy-and-obstetric-outcomes-among-women-living-with-type-3-female-genital-mutilation-a-secondary-analysis
#17
Maria I Rodriguez, Armando Seuc, Lale Say, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between type of episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among 6,187 women with type 3 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of women presenting in labor to 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan between November 2001 and March 2003. Data were analysed using cross tabulations and multivariable logistic regression to determine if type of episiotomy by FGM classification had a significant impact on key maternal outcomes...
October 10, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724920/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-female-genital-mutilation-1930-2015
#18
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a common harmful traditional practice in many communities in Africa and to a lesser extent in Middle East and other regions in the world. In order to better understand publishing on this topic, we conducted a bibliometric study on FGM/C. Bibliometric analyses can be used as an indicator of the extent of interaction of researchers, health authorities, and communities with a particular health issue. METHODS: Scopus database was used to retrieve data on FGM/C...
October 10, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720282/-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation-at-chu-yalgado-of-ouagadougou-burkina-faso-about-68%C3%A2-patients-operated
#19
C M R Ouédraogo, S Madzou, A Simporé, V Combaud, A Ouattara, F Millogo, A Ouédraogo, S Kiemtore, H Zamane, Y A Sawadogo, P Kaien, B Dramé, B Thieba, J Lankoandé, P Descamps
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this survey was to assess the results of a new clitoral transposition technique in the obstetrics and gynecology department of CHUYO. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cohort of 68 women victims of genital mutilation has received clitoral reconstruction by a new technique of transposition of the clitoris. They were operated and followed for 12 months in CHUYO gynecology ward in Ouagadougou. We evaluated the management of pain, anatomical aspect, functional and occurrence of complications...
October 5, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707452/female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-of-research-on-its-economic-and-social-impacts-across-four-decades
#20
Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Aurélie Macias, Jennifer Hasselgard-Rowe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, Henk Verloo, Ngoyi K Zacharie Bukonda, Philippe Chastonay
BACKGROUND: Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Articles on FGM have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non-governmental organizations, governments, as well as religious and civil society groups to end the practice. However, the consequences of this research are not well known, and it seems that the socioeconomic aspects of the practice are underreported...
2016: Global Health Action
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