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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100673/setting-up-a-clinic-to-assess-children-and-young-people-for-female-genital-mutilation
#1
Deborah Hodes, Sarah M Creighton
It is now mandatory for health, social care professionals and teachers to report to the police all under-18s where female genital mutilation (FGM) has been disclosed by the child or where physical signs of FGM are seen. Such referrals are likely to result in a request for medical examination. New multiagency statutory guidance sets out instructions for physical examination but provides no details how services should be set-up. This review gives practical guidance learnt from the first year of the UK's only dedicated children's FGM service...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079769/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-relapse-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#2
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi Demicheli, Alexia Willame, Nathalie Recordon, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Evidence on clitoral reconstruction after female genital mutilation is lacking. CASE: A woman with female genital mutilation experiencing clitoral pain during sex consulted to undergo clitoral reconstruction. The surgery was complicated by a wound infection responsible for severe postoperative pain. Such genital pain made our patient recall the traumatic experience of genital mutilation and experience a relapse of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#3
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938869/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-sexual-functions
#5
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Alireza Farnam, Parvaneh Abotalebi, Sahar Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) or female circumcision is the procedure of eliminating some or all parts of the external female genitalia. FGM/C is carried out by traditional circumcisers. They usually use cutting tools like a blade or straight-razor. Although FGM/C is well described in the African continent and some Arabic countries, data from Iran are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this current study was to investigate the effects of FGM/C on the female sexual function of married women compared to the non-circumcised women in the Kurdistan province of Iran...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938865/female-genital-mutilation-and-challenges-in-disseminating-high-quality-healthcare-guidelines
#6
EDITORIAL
Ingela Wiklund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889259/episiotomy-and-severe-perineal-trauma-among-eastern-african-immigrant-women-giving-birth-in-public-maternity-care-a-population-based-study-in-victoria-australia
#7
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: Eastern African immigrants from countries affected by female genital mutilation have resettled in many developed countries, including Australia. Although possibly at risk of perineal trauma and episiotomy, research investigating their perineal status post-migration is sparse. AIM: To investigate variations in episiotomy use and incidence of severe perineal tear for women born in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan compared with Australian-born women...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858133/female-genital-mutilation-the-role-of-medical-professional-organizations
#8
Tony Bazi
Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to alteration of the external genitalia of girls without medical benefit. It is estimated by United Nations agencies that 200 million living girls and women have been subjected to different forms of FGM worldwide. Despite the criminalization of the procedure in the vast majority of countries where it is practiced, the decline in the incidence of this ritual is far from satisfactory. Immediate and long-term ill effects are well documented. Most publications of relevance originate from countries outside the map of FGM...
November 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845551/socioeconomic-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation
#9
Mansoureh Refaei, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Abolghasem Pourreza, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the important aspects of reproductive health. The economic, social and health consequences of FGM threaten the achievement of sustainable development goals. The purpose of this study was to assess the economic, social and reproductive health consequences of FGM from the perspective of individual, family, community and health system. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed 1536 articles from 1979 to 2015. Fifty-one studies were directly related to our goal...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842460/female-genital-mutilation-and-transcultural-nursing-adaptation-of-the-rising-sun-model
#10
Ismael Jiménez-Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a widespread practice mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered an affront on the dignity and health of women and young girls. OBJECTIVES: To establish a theoretical model, inspired by that of Madeleine Leininger, in order to examine the reasonings used to justify FGM. METHODS: Theorization through bibliographic review. Resuts and conclusions: The factors used to justify this act are diverse and convert the tradition into a form of cultural care...
November 29, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830941/-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#11
Sada Mire
The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829358/the-evolution-of-genital-complexity-and-mating-rates-in-sexually-size-dimorphic-spiders
#12
Matjaž Kuntner, Ren-Chung Cheng, Simona Kralj-Fišer, Chen-Pan Liao, Jutta M Schneider, Mark A Elgar
BACKGROUND: Genital diversity may arise through sexual conflict over polyandry, where male genital features function to manipulate female mating frequency against her interest. Correlated genital evolution across animal groups is consistent with this view, but a link between genital complexity and mating rates remains to be established. In sexually size dimorphic spiders, golden orbweaving spiders (Nephilidae) males mutilate their genitals to form genital plugs, but these plugs do not always prevent female polyandry...
November 9, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823125/petals
#13
(no author information available yet)
Created by Coventry University, this app aims to provide information to those who are at risk of, or want more information on, female genital mutilation (FGM).
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814137/the-patient-s-perspective-female-genital-mutilation-in-arab-and-islamic-history
#14
Yassar Alamri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794727/dh-launches-fgm-resources-for-healthcare-professionals-on-youtube
#15
(no author information available yet)
A series of four short films have been launched to help nurses safeguard and care for women and girls affected by female genital mutilation (FGM).
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#16
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788630/educating-about-female-genital-mutilation
#17
Victoria Holmes, Rebecca Farrington, Peggy Mulongo
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in the UK but nevertheless practised in some immigrant communities. Effective educational approaches are required to inform policy and to direct resources, often in the voluntary sector. The opinions in this article arise from discussions with professionals and members of FGM-practising communities. We highlight the importance of sharing experiences and expertise across health and social care professionals as well as working in partnership with culturally sensitive Non-Governmental Organisations...
October 28, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785105/attitude-toward-female-genital-mutilation-among-somali-and-harari-people-eastern-ethiopia
#18
Asresash Demissie Abathun, Johanne Sundby, Abdi A Gele
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a worldwide problem, and it is practiced by many communities in Africa and Asia as well as immigrants from those areas. This practice results in short- and long-term health consequences on women's health. Like many other developing countries, FGM is widely practiced in Ethiopia, especially among Somali and Harari ethnic groups. Despite intensive campaigns against FGM in Ethiopia, since 2011, it has been practiced in the aforementioned communities...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741194/female-genital-mutilation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool-for-health-care-professionals
#19
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lucrezia Catania, Michelle Jane Hindin, Lale Say, Patrick Petignat, Omar Abdulcadir
Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. Health care providers for women and girls living with female genital mutilation have reported difficulties in recognizing, classifying, and recording female genital mutilation, which can adversely affect treatment of complications and discussions of the prevention of the practice in future generations. According to the World Health Organization, female genital mutilation is classified into four types, subdivided into subtypes...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734741/female-genital-mutilation-a-urology-focus
#20
Elinor Clarke
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a collective term for the deliberate alteration, removal and cutting of the female genitalia. It has no known health benefits and can have negative physical and psychological consequences. The number of women and girls in the UK that are affected by FGM is unknown. Recent NHS data suggested that FGM has been evident (declared or observed) in women who have accessed health care; however, there are gaps in knowledge and a limited evidence base on the health consequences of FGM...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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