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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187741/virility-pleasure-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-medicalized-defibulation-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#1
R Elise B Johansen
BACKGROUND: The most pervasive form of female genital mutilation/cutting-infibulation-involves the almost complete closure of the vaginal orifice by cutting and closing the labia to create a skin seal. A small opening remains for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. This physical closure has to be re-opened-defibulated-later in life. When they marry, a partial opening is made to enable sexual intercourse. The husband commonly uses his penis to create this opening. In some settings, a circumciser or traditional midwife opens the infibulated scar with a knife or razor blade...
February 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178983/management-of-painful-clitoral-neuroma-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#2
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Jean-Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Traumatic neuromas are the result of regenerative disorganized proliferation of the proximal portion of lesioned nerves. They can exist in any anatomical site and are responsible for neuropathic pain. Post-traumatic neuromas of the clitoris have been described as an uncommon consequence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). FGM/C involves partial or total removal of the female genital organs for non-therapeutic reasons. It can involve cutting of the clitoris and can cause psychological, sexual, and physical complications...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164298/psychological-and-counselling-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#3
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) are more likely to experience psychological problems than women without FGM. As well as psychological support, this population may need additional care when seeking surgical interventions to correct complications of FGM. Recent WHO guidelines recommend cognitive behavioral therapy for women and girls experiencing anxiety disorders, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. The guidelines also suggest that preoperative counselling for deinfibulation, and psychological support alongside surgical interventions, can help women manage the physiological and psychological changes following surgery...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164297/sexual-counselling-for-treating-or-preventing-sexual-dysfunction-in-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Uduak Okomo, Miriam Ogugbue, Elizabeth Inyang, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction is the persistent or recurring decrease in sexual desire or arousal, the difficulty or inability to achieve an orgasm, and/or the feeling of pain during sexual intercourse. Impaired sexual function can occur with all types of female genital mutilation (FGM) owing to the structural changes, pain, or traumatic memories associated with the procedure. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies into the effects of sexual counseling with or without genital lubricants on the sexual function of women living with FGM...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164296/deinfibulation-for-preventing-or-treating-complications-in-women-living-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olabisi Oduwole, Nuria Nwachuku, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Deinfibulation is a surgical procedure carried out to re-open the vaginal introitus of women living with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of deinfibulation on gynecologic or obstetric outcomes by comparing women who were deinfibulated with women with type III FGM or women without FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched until August 2015...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164295/deinfibulation-for-treating-urologic-complications-of-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Emmanuel Effa, Olumuyiwa Ojo, Austin Ihesie, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Women and girls who have undergone type III female genital mutilation (FGM) may suffer urologic complications such as recurrent urinary tract infections, obstruction, stones, and incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of deinfibulation for preventing and treating urologic complications in women and girls living with FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164294/health-information-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#7
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Providing information and education to women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) could be an important influence on their healthcare-seeking behavior. Healthcare providers also need adequate knowledge and skills to provide good quality care to this population. Recent WHO guidelines on managing health complications from FGM contain best practice statements for health education and information interventions for women and providers. This qualitative evidence synthesis summarizes the values and preferences of girls and women living with FGM, and healthcare providers, together with other evidence on the context and conditions of these interventions...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164293/management-of-health-outcomes-of-female-genital-mutilation-systematic-reviews-and-evidence-syntheses
#8
EDITORIAL
Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Gamal Serour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164292/providing-information-about-the-consequences-of-female-genital-mutilation-to-healthcare-providers-caring-for-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Chioma M Oringanje, Anthony Okoro, Ogonna N Nwankwo, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: The persistence of female genital mutilation (FGM) in some countries, despite an overall decline in the prevalence of the practice, calls for improvement in the capacity of healthcare workers and institutions to provide optimal care for this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of providing information on FGM and its consequences to healthcare providers on their attitudes toward FGM, and quality of care and patient satisfaction. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched from inception to August 2015: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164291/surgical-or-medical-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#10
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Deinfibulation can prevent or treat gynecological and obstetric complications in women living with type III female genital mutilation (FGM), and subsequently improve childbirth outcomes. Recently published WHO guidelines recommend use of deinfibulation in both circumstances. However, to really impact practice, evidence-based guidance needs to be matched with evidence-based implementation strategies. This qualitative evidence synthesis provides information on the factors that facilitate or act as barriers to use of deinfibulation, and the context and conditions that are necessary for implementing the procedure, including healthcare providers' knowledge and experience, the service delivery environment, as well as broader health system contexts...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164290/supportive-psychotherapy-or-client-education-alongside-surgical-procedures-to-correct-complications-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Olukayode Abayomi, Moriam T Chibuzor, Babasola O Okusanya, Ekpereonne Esu, Edward Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Supportive psychotherapy, in individual or group settings, may help improve surgical outcomes for women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether supportive psychotherapy given alongside surgical procedures to correct complications of FGM improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched major databases including CENTRAL, Medline, African Index Medicus, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and others...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164289/providing-information-to-improve-body-image-and-care-seeking-behavior-of-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Ekpereonne Esu, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Iwara Arikpo, Regina Ejemot-Nwadiaro, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has become recognized worldwide as an extreme form of violation of the human rights of girls and women. Strategies have been employed to curb the practice. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies of the effects of providing educational interventions on the body image and care-seeking behavior of girls and women living with FGM with the view to ending the practice. SEARCH STRATEGY: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and other databases were searched up to August 10, 2015 without any language restrictions...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164288/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-or-anxiety-disorders-in-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Adegoke Adelufosi, Bassey Edet, Dachi Arikpo, Ememobong Aquaisua, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is associated with psychological consequences such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an empirically supported form of psychotherapy, may be an effective treatment for these psychological sequelae of FGM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of CBT among individuals living with any type of FGM and diagnosed to have PTSD, depression, or anxiety disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164287/prioritizing-and-synthesizing-evidence-to-improve-the-health-care-of-girls-and-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-an-overview-of-the-process
#14
Karin Stein, Michelle J Hindin, Doris Chou, Lale Say
Female genital mutilation (FGM) constitutes a harmful traditional practice that can have a profound impact on the health and well-being of girls and women who undergo the procedure. In recent years, due to international migration, healthcare providers worldwide are increasingly confronted with the need to provide adequate health care to this population. Recognizing this situation the WHO recently developed the first evidence-based guidelines on the management of health complications from FGM. To inform the guideline recommendations, an expert-driven, two-step process was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164286/surgical-and-nonsurgical-interventions-for-vulvar-and-clitoral-pain-in-girls-and-women-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ifeanyichukwu Ezebialu, Obiamaka Okafo, Chukwudi Oringanje, Udoezuo Ogbonna, Ekong Udoh, Friday Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Vulvar and clitoral pain are known complications of female genital mutilation (FGM). Several interventions have been used to treat these conditions. This review focuses on surgical and nonsurgical interventions to improve vulvar and clitoral pain in women living with FGM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of nonsurgical and surgical interventions for alleviating vulvar and clitoral pain in women living with any type of FGM and to assess the associated adverse events...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164285/antepartum-or-intrapartum-deinfibulation-for-childbirth-in-women-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ekpereonne Esu, Atim Udo, Babasola O Okusanya, David Agamse, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: There remains no consensus on the best timing of deinfibulation in women with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effects of antepartum or intrapartum deinfibulation on childbirth outcomes in women with type III FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164284/counselling-for-deinfibulation-among-women-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Segun Bello, Miriam Ogugbue, Moriam Chibuzor, Uduak Okomo, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Counselling is a routine practice done before deinfibulation in women with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). However, cultural and social pressures, in addition to maladaptation to the changes in the body post deinfibulation, cause some women to choose to be reinfibulated after being deinfibulated. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the impact of counselling prior to deinfibulation on patient satisfaction, marital satisfaction, and rate of requests for reinfibulation among women living with type III FGM...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151072/dismantling-the-man-made-myths-upholding-female-genital-mutilation
#18
Ismael Jiménez Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez, Carolina Alcón Belchí
FGM is internationally considered an affront on human rights and an act of violence against women and young girls. Furthermore, it hierarchizes and perpetuates inequality and denies women and girls the right to physical and psychosexual integrity. The aim of this study is to detect the weak points and false premises underlying male justification of FGM and to present demythologization as a health education tool. We used a qualitative methodology with an ethonursing focus via semi-structured individual and group interviews in 25 men associated with FGM...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100673/setting-up-a-clinic-to-assess-children-and-young-people-for-female-genital-mutilation
#19
Deborah Hodes, Sarah M Creighton
It is now mandatory for health, social care professionals and teachers to report to the police all under-18s where female genital mutilation (FGM) has been disclosed by the child or where physical signs of FGM are seen. Such referrals are likely to result in a request for medical examination. New multiagency statutory guidance sets out instructions for physical examination but provides no details how services should be set-up. This review gives practical guidance learnt from the first year of the UK's only dedicated children's FGM service...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079769/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-relapse-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#20
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi Demicheli, Alexia Willame, Nathalie Recordon, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Evidence on clitoral reconstruction after female genital mutilation is lacking. CASE: A woman with female genital mutilation experiencing clitoral pain during sex consulted to undergo clitoral reconstruction. The surgery was complicated by a wound infection responsible for severe postoperative pain. Such genital pain made our patient recall the traumatic experience of genital mutilation and experience a relapse of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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