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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148634/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-complications-in-nulliparous-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-admitted-to-karamara-hospital
#1
Wondimu Gudu, Mutasim Abdulahi
Objectives: To assess labor, delivery and postpartum complications in nulliparous women with FGM/C and evaluate the attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM. Methods: A prospective hospital based study using structured questionnaire was conducted between January to March 2015 at Karamara hospital, Jijiga, Ethiopia. All nulliparous women admitted for labor and delivery were included. Data were collected regarding circumcision status, events of labor, delivery; postpartum and neonatal outcomes as well as attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM/C...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117923/genital-injuries-acute-evaluation-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Heather N Lopez, Mariel A Focseneanu, Diane F Merritt
Genital trauma may result in external injuries to the labia, vulva or vagina, urethra and anus and internal injuries to the bony pelvis, bladder, bowels and reproductive organs. Worldwide, the most common cause of genital trauma in reproductive age women is injury sustained during childbirth, but in this chapter we will focus on accidental genital injuries as well as those arising from sexual violence, and female genital mutilation. While genital injuries alone rarely result in death; if not properly managed, chronic discomfort, dyspareunia, infertility, or fistula formation may result...
September 28, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074168/intervention-of-the-hospital-midwife-in-the-case-of-a-pregant-women-who-had-undergone-female-genital-mutilation-a-case-study
#3
Désirée Díaz-Jiménez, Marta Rodríguez-Villalón, María Begoña Moreno-Dueñas
Female genital mutilation, condemned by all UN member countries has spread throughout the world as a result of migratory flows and is practiced under the guise of a custom, tradition or culture. In Spain, it is punishable as a personal injury offence under the current penal code. A clinical case study reviewedthe main actions of the midwife in this kind of injury in a pregnant woman during labour. The data collected from the physical examination and the midwife's assessment according to the Virginia Henderson model are presented and a complete care plan developed...
October 23, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#4
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034707/female-genital-mutilation-implications-for-clinical-practice
#5
Inez von Rège, Daniel Campion
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an established cultural practice in over 30 countries. It has no health benefits, carries a high risk of physical and psychological harm, and is illegal in many countries including the UK. A sensitive approach is required, both in the management of complications and prevention of this practice. This article discusses the prevalence and classification of FGM, and offers practical advice to nurses and midwives involved in general and obstetric care. Legal aspects, including safeguarding responsibilities and the mandatory duty to report FGM in England and Wales, are outlined...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026793/sexual-function-mental-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-kurdish-circumcised-women-in-iran
#6
Farzaneh Daneshkhah, Hamid Allahverdipour, Leila Jahangiri, Tatiana Andreeva
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation is an intentional inhumane procedure that threatens girls and women's health. It is especially widespread in developing countries due to cultural, traditional and religious preferences. The aim of the current study was to investigate how circumcision affects women's sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban and rural area of Piranshahr County, Iran, in 2015 among convenience samples of 200 women, 15-49 yr old, who were applying to health care centers for receiving routine health care services...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025236/response-to-letters-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#7
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025235/comments-on-female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#8
Holly G Atkinson, Marci Bowers, Ranit Mishori, Deborah Ottenheimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025234/clitoral-surgery-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#9
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Omar Abdulcadir, Martin Caillet, Lucrezia Catania, Béatrice Cuzin, Birgitta Essén, Pierre Foldès, Sara Johnsdotter, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Nawal Nour, Charlemagne Ouedraogo, Nicole Warren, Sophie Wylomanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950894/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-sharing-data-and-experiences-to-accelerate-eradication-and-improve-care
#10
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sophie Alexander, Elise Dubuc, Christina Pallitto, Patrick Petignat, Lale Say
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899923/a-retrospective-analysis-of-34-potentially-missed-cases-of-female-genital-mutilation-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Richard John Fawcett, George Kernohan
OBJECTIVES: To discover if healthcare professionals working within an ED are able to make a diagnosis of female genital mutilation (FGM) in those patients who have previously undergone the procedure and report it as per UK law. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of patients' notes who were assigned an FGM code during the period of May 2015 to August 2016. SETTING: Single-centre, large UK major trauma centre offering a tertiary FGM clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Any woman coded during the study period as having undergone FGM...
September 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889193/are-obstetric-outcomes-affected-by-female-genital-mutilation
#13
Aswini A Balachandran, Swapna Duvalla, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has been associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, such as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), perineal trauma, genital fistulae, obstructed labour and stillbirth. The prevalence of FGM has increased in the UK over the last decade. There are currently no studies available that have explored the obstetric impact of FGM in the UK. The aim of our study was to investigate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of women with FGM when compared with the general population...
September 9, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#14
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870818/-fatal-female-genital-mutilation-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#15
A Sow, G Diagne, Y Keita, O Sow, A Ndiath, A Ouattara, M-L Sarr, A Sylla, C Moreira
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia and/or any other procedures affecting the female genitalia, for cultural or religious reasons or for nontherapeutic purposes in general. FGM is responsible for a number of short-, medium-, and long-term complications that can engage the vital and functional prognosis, especially in African countries. We report on a case in a 10-year-old girl who underwent genital mutilation, a traditional type of total excision during the neonatal period...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854947/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-types-i-and-ii-on-sexual-function-case-controlled-study
#16
Sahar A Ismail, Ahmad M Abbas, Dina Habib, Hanan Morsy, Medhat A Saleh, Mustafa Bahloul
BACKGROUND: The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS: We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons. We asked each woman to fill the Arabic female sexual function index (FSFI) (a self reported 19-item questionnaire assessing the main domains of female sexual function)...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#17
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safari
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semistructured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation that prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they do not support its continuation...
November 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#18
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
October 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831872/female-genital-mutilation
#19
Erin Dean
Essential facts Female genital mutilation (FGM) is any procedure that removes all or part of the female genital organs for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons. FGM is a form of child abuse and gender violence against women. About 137,000 females in England and Wales have undergone it.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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