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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899923/a-retrospective-analysis-of-34-potentially-missed-cases-of-female-genital-mutilation-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Richard John Fawcett, George Kernohan
OBJECTIVES: To discover if healthcare professionals working within an ED are able to make a diagnosis of female genital mutilation (FGM) in those patients who have previously undergone the procedure and report it as per UK law. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of patients' notes who were assigned an FGM code during the period of May 2015 to August 2016. SETTING: Single-centre, large UK major trauma centre offering a tertiary FGM clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Any woman coded during the study period as having undergone FGM...
September 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889193/are-obstetric-outcomes-affected-by-female-genital-mutilation
#2
Aswini A Balachandran, Swapna Duvalla, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has been associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, such as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), perineal trauma, genital fistulae, obstructed labour and stillbirth. The prevalence of FGM has increased in the UK over the last decade. There are currently no studies available that have explored the obstetric impact of FGM in the UK. The aim of our study was to investigate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of women with FGM when compared with the general population...
September 9, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#3
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870818/-fatal-female-genital-mutilation-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#4
A Sow, G Diagne, Y Keita, O Sow, A Ndiath, A Ouattara, M-L Sarr, A Sylla, C Moreira
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia and/or any other procedures affecting the female genitalia, for cultural or religious reasons or for nontherapeutic purposes in general. FGM is responsible for a number of short-, medium-, and long-term complications that can engage the vital and functional prognosis, especially in African countries. We report on a case in a 10-year-old girl who underwent genital mutilation, a traditional type of total excision during the neonatal period...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854947/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-types-i-and-ii-on-sexual-function-case-controlled-study
#5
Sahar A Ismail, Ahmad M Abbas, Dina Habib, Hanan Morsy, Medhat A Saleh, Mustafa Bahloul
BACKGROUND: The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS: We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons. We asked each woman to fill the Arabic female sexual function index (FSFI) (a self reported 19-item questionnaire assessing the main domains of female sexual function)...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#6
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safar
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation which prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they don't support its continuation...
August 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#7
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
August 23, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831872/female-genital-mutilation
#8
Erin Dean
Essential facts Female genital mutilation (FGM) is any procedure that removes all or part of the female genital organs for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons. FGM is a form of child abuse and gender violence against women. About 137,000 females in England and Wales have undergone it.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814588/massive-epidermal-vulval-cyst-an-unusual-late-complication-of-female-genital-mutilation
#10
Tejinder Kaur-Desai, Argyrios Makris
Vulval epidermal cysts are rare and infrequently described in literature. They present a difficult diagnostic dilemma and surgical challenges. They most commonly occur as a late complication of female genital mutilation (FGM) and manifest as a primary condition. We present a case of a large vulval epidermal inclusion cyst, lined by vulval squamous epithelium, in a woman with a background of FGM who was referred with suspected vulval cancer. We discuss the clinical presentation, MRI findings, surgical treatment and outcome...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812506/don-t-keep-fgm-hidden
#11
Juliet Albert
Annual figures from NHS Digital, published in early July, show that there were 5,391 newly recorded cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) in England in 2016-17.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796892/a-survey-of-honor-related-practices-among-us-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#12
Amirhossein Moaddab, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Lauren Stark, Jay Schulkin, Gary A Dildy, Susan P Raine, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
OBJECTIVE: To assess patterns of honor-related practices-including virginity testing, virginity restoration, and female genital mutilation (FGM)-among US obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYNs). METHODS: Between June 1 and August 31, 2016, 1000 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists were invited by email to complete an anonymous online survey. The survey comprised 42 questions evaluating the demographic and practice characteristics of the respondents...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780217/female-genital-cutting-mutilation-a-challenge-for-patients-and-clinicians
#13
Sophia Koukoui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#14
Rigmor C Berg, Sølvi Taraldsen, Maryan A Said, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was independent by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718602/-sexual-function-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#15
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Patrick Petignat
Evidence on sexual function of women living with female genital mutilation (FGM) and on clitoral reconstruction after FGM is limited. Such surgery is performed in case of chronic clitoral pain, clitoral dyspareunia or for female identity reasons. In this article we summarize the anatomical, psychosexual and sociocultural factors that influence sexual function of women with FGM and the available data on clitoral reconstruction. Surgical resection of the fibrous tissue around the clitoris, with eventual excision of painful post-traumatic neuromas, could improve pain and sexual function...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704504/sanitation-practices-and-perceptions-in-kakuma-refugee-camp-kenya-comparing-the-status-quo-with-a-novel-service-based-approach
#16
Raymond Nyoka, Andrew D Foote, Emily Woods, Hana Lokey, Ciara E O'Reilly, Fred Magumba, Patrick Okello, Eric D Mintz, Nina Marano, Jamae F Morris
Globally, an estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation. Unimproved sanitation increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, especially in protracted refugee situations where sanitation is based on pit latrine use. Once the pit is full, waste remains in the pit, necessitating the construction of a new latrine, straining available land and funding resources. A viable, sustainable solution is needed. This study used qualitative and quantitative methods to design, implement, and pilot a novel sanitation system in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699446/slow-decline-in-new-fgm-cases-shows-need-for-more-school-nurses-says-rcn
#17
(no author information available yet)
The RCN has responded to the latest national figures on female genital mutilation (FGM), saying more school nurses are needed to tackle the problem.
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687260/a-survey-of-australian-midwives-knowledge-experience-and-training-needs-in-relation-to-female-genital-mutilation
#18
Sabera Turkmani, Caroline Homer, Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or any other injury for non-medical reasons. Due to international migration patterns, health professionals in high income countries are increasingly caring for women with FGM. Few studies explored the knowledge and skills of midwives in high income countries. AIM: To explore the knowledge, experience and needs of midwives in relation to the care of women with FGM...
July 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675330/prevalence-and-attitudes-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-egypt-since-criminalisation-in-2008
#19
Duna Alkhalaileh, Sarah R Hayford, Alison H Norris, Maria F Gallo
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), which can result in severe pain, haemorrhage and poor birth outcomes, remains a major public health issue. The extent to which prevalence of and attitudes toward the practice have changed in Egypt since its criminalisation in 2008 is unknown. We analysed data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys to assess trends related to FGM/C. Specifically, we determined whether FGM/C prevalence among ever-married, 15-19-year-old women had changed from 2005 to 2014...
July 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666656/reasons-for-and-experiences-with-surgical-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rigmor C Berg, Sølvi Taraldsen, Maryan A Said, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Because female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) leads to changes in normal genital anatomy and functionality, women are increasingly seeking surgical interventions for their FGM/C-related concerns. AIM: To conduct a systematic review of empirical quantitative and qualitative research on interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. METHODS: We conducted systematic searches up to May 2016 in 16 databases to obtain references from different disciplines...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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