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Female genital mutilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755298/addressing-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-in-the-era-of-clitoral-reconstruction-plastic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Hannes Sigurjonsson, Malin Jordal
Purpose of the Review: The aim of this review is to give an overview of the recent evidence on clitoral reconstruction and other relevant reconstructive plastic surgery measures after female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Recent Findings: Recent publications present refinements and modifications of the surgical technique of clitoral reconstruction along with reconstruction of the labia majora and clitoral hood. Novel approaches with reposition of the clitoral nerve, anchoring of the labia majora, fat grafting, and full thickness mucosa grafts have been introduced...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736171/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-innovative-training-approach-for-nurse-midwives-in-high-prevalent-settings
#2
Samuel Kimani, Tammary Esho, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Jane Kamau, Christine Kigondu, Joseph Karanja, Jaldesa Guyo
Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has no medical benefits and is associated with serious health complications. FGM/C including medicalization is illegal in Kenya. Capacity building for nurse-midwives to manage and prevent FGM/C is therefore critical. Objective: Determine the current FGM/C knowledge and effect of training among nurse-midwives using an electronic tool derived from a paper-based quiz on FGM/C among nurse-midwives. Methods: Nurse-midwives ( n =26) were assessed pre- and post-FGM/C training using a quiz comprising 12 questions...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#3
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625619/mapping-the-lack-of-public-initiative-against-female-genital-mutilation-in-denmark
#5
Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel, Vibeke Naeser
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that involve partial or complete resection of, or other injury to, external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. The practice of FGM has spread to Western countries due to migration. The European Institute for Gender Equality recommend that FGM be combatted by nationally coordinated efforts through implementation of national action plans, guidelines for professionals as well as comprehensive research in the field...
April 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615033/health-sector-involvement-in-the-management-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-30-countries
#6
R Elise B Johansen, Mai Mahgoub Ziyada, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Adriana Marcusàn Kaplan, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: For the last decades, the international community has emphasised the importance of a multisectoral approach to tackle female genital mutilation (FGM/C). While considerable improvement concerning legislations and community involvement is reported, little is known about the involvement of the health sector. METHOD: A mixed methods approach was employed to map the involvement of the health sector in the management of FGM/C both in countries where FGM/C is a traditional practice (countries of origin), and countries where FGM/C is practiced mainly by migrant populations (countries of migration)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596591/using-electronic-maternity-records-to-estimate-female-genital-mutilation-in-lothian-from-2010-to-2013
#7
C M Ford, K Darlow, A Massie, D R Gorman
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is most commonly encountered in Africa and the Middle East, with migration from FGM-practicing countries meaning it is increasingly seen in Europe. Addressing FGM requires accurate information on who is affected but ascertainment is notoriously difficult. This study estimated FGM prevalence in women presenting for maternity care in the Lothian region of Scotland and compared this with that expected by extrapolation of survey data from women's country of birth...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580290/rescue-of-an-aggressive-female-sexual-courtship-in-mice-by-crispr-cas9-secondary-mutation-in-vivo
#8
Jozsef Zakany, Denis Duboule
OBJECTIVE: We had previously reported a mouse line carrying the Atypical female courtship (HoxDAfc ) allele, where an ectopic accumulation of Hoxd10 transcripts was observed in a sparse population of cells in the adult isocortex, as a result of a partial deletion of the HoxD gene cluster. Female mice carrying this allele displayed an exacerbated paracopulatory behavior, culminating in a severe mutilation of the studs' external genitals. To unequivocally demonstrate that this intriguing phenotype was indeed caused by an illegitimate function of the HOXD10 protein, we use CRISPR/Cas9 technology to induce a microdeletion into the homeobox of the Hoxd10 gene in cis with the HoxDAfc allele...
March 27, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569363/a-meta-synthesis-of-the-birth-experiences-of-african-immigrant-women-affected-by-female-genital-cutting
#9
REVIEW
Asma Hamid, Karen Trister Grace, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this qualitative meta-synthesis was to understand the labor and birth experiences of immigrant women in countries of resettlement who have a history of female genital cutting (FGC), also known as female genital mutilation or female circumcision. METHODS: We used a meta-ethnography approach to synthesize the literature on this topic. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts databases from inception to May 2016 using the search terms female genital cutting, female circumcision, clitorectomy, clitoridectomy, pharaonic circumcision, genital circumcision, female genital mutilation, infibulation, and deinfibulation...
March 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560774/an-exploration-of-attitudes-towards-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-in-men-and-women-accessing-fgm-clinical-services-in-london-a-pilot-study
#10
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541004/medicalized-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-contentious-practices-and-persistent-debates
#11
REVIEW
Samuel Kimani, Bettina Shell-Duncan
Purpose of Review: Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) performed by health care professionals (medicalization) and reduced severity of cutting have been advanced as strategies for minimizing health risks, sparking acrimonious ongoing debates. This study summarizes key debates and critically assesses supporting evidence. Recent Findings: While medicalization is concentrated in Africa, health professionals worldwide have faced requests to perform FGM/C. Whether medicalization is hindering the decline of FGM/C is unclear...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541003/the-impact-of-migration-on-attitudes-to-female-genital-cutting-and-experiences-of-sexual-dysfunction-among-migrant-women-with-fgc
#12
REVIEW
Sara Johnsdotter
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review was to explore current research on the impact of migration on issues related to female genital cutting and sexuality. Recent Findings: There is growing evidence that migration results in a broad opposition to female genital cutting among concerned migrant groups in western countries. In addition, after migration, affected women live in the midst of a dominant discourse categorizing them as "mutilated" and sexually disfigured...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531618/female-genital-mutilation-in-sudan
#13
Adel Hussein Elduma
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation or female circumcision (FGM) is a serious health problem in Sudan. This procedure is harmful to women and causes many complications during pregnancy and childbirth. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the female genital mutilation (FGM) and its associated factors in Sudan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS - UNICEF) was used in this research. The survey was carried out in 2014 and included women aged between 14 - 49 years...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528921/clitoral-reconstruction-using-a-vaginal-graft-after-female-genital-mutilation
#14
Ivan Mañero, Trinidad Labanca
BACKGROUND: Clitoral reconstruction after genital mutilation is a feasible and effective strategy to reduce clitoral pain, improve sexual pleasure, and restore vulvar appearance. TECHNIQUE: We describe a novel surgical technique for clitorolabial reconstruction using a vaginal graft. EXPERIENCE: We present a series of 32 consecutive women who underwent this procedure at Iván Mañero Clinic, Barcelona, Spain, and were prospectively followed...
April 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474793/-you-take-the-private-part-of-her-body-%C3%A2-you-are-taking-a-part-of-her-life-voices-of-circumcised-african-migrant-women-on-female-genital-circumcision-fgc-in-australia
#15
Olayide Ogunsiji, Lesley Wilkes, Harrison Ng Chok
Western countries working toward eradication of female genital mutilation require better inclusion of women originally from countries where the practice is prevalent. However, few authors have examined the knowledge, attitudes and experiences of circumcised African migrant women in western countries. Our findings from forty responses from self-reported survey and five in-depth interviews show that the participating African migrant women know the reasons behind FGC, are living with the negative consequences of FGC and have a zero tolerance attitude toward the practice...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464617/-female-genital-mutilation-in-refugees
#16
REVIEW
Bettina Zinka, Ines Ackermann, Claudia Bormann, Matthias Graw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463476/defibulation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool
#17
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sandra Marras, Lucrezia Catania, Omar Abdulcadir, Patrick Petignat
Female genital mutilation type III (infibulation) is achieved by narrowing the vaginal orifice by creating a covering seal, accomplished by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or labia majora, with or without clitoral excision. Infibulation is responsible for significant urogynecological, obstetrical, and psychosexual consequences that can be treated with defibulation (or de-infibulation), an operation that opens the infibulation scar, exposing the vulvar vestibule, vaginal orifice, external urethral meatus, and eventually the clitoris...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454365/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-saleema-campaign-to-eliminate-female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-in-sudan
#18
Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated...
February 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427154/genital-epidermal-horn-cyst-atheroma-after-female-genital-mutilation-who-type-iii-b
#19
Dorit Schöller, Christl Reisenauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422053/addressing-female-genital-mutilation-in-europe-a-scoping-review-of-approaches-to-participation-prevention-protection-and-provision-of-services
#20
Helen Baillot, Nina Murray, Elaine Connelly, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Public and policy attention to female genital mutilation (FGM) in diaspora communities has increased in Europe, but research remains limited and misinformation abounds. As a first step to addressing these issues, this study explored FGM prevention and response interventions in Europe, using a scoping literature review and key informant interviews. METHODS: A scoping study design was selected, using Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage scoping framework to review identified sources...
February 8, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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