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Juvenile polyposis

Federica Guaraldi, Giovanni Di Nardo, Luigi Tarani, Luca Bertelli, Francesco Claudio Susca, Rosanna Bagnulo, Nicoletta Resta
Juvenile Polyposis (JP) is a rare hereditary condition characterized by diffuse hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyposis, associated with a significantly increased risk of neoplastic transformation. Most of the cases are caused by SMAD and BMPR1A mutations, while 10q23 microdeletions, encompassing both PTEN and BMPR1A oncogenes, are extremely rare, typically associated with more aggressive JP, and extraintestinal features overlapping with PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome. We present the first case of a young female with multiple autoimmune disorders (i...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Amna Ahmed, Badr Alsaleem
Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder, characterized by multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and an increased risk of colorectal cancer. JPS is most frequently caused by mutations in the SMAD4 or BMPR1A genes. Herein, we report a child with juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) with a novel mutation in the SMAD4 gene. An 8-year-old boy presented with recurrent rectal bleeding and was found to have multiple polyps in the entire colon. The histology of the resected polyps was consistent with juvenile polyps...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Margaret E Lawless, Daniel L Toweill, Kim D Jewell, Dhanpat Jain, Laura Lamps, Alyssa M Krasinskas, Paul E Swanson, Melissa P Upton, Matthew M Yeh
Objectives: Juvenile polyps involving the stomach are uncommon. Massive gastric juvenile polyposis is even rarer. Methods: We describe the clinicopathologic features of nine cases of massive gastric juvenile polyposis. Results: All patients had anemia; four had hypoalbuminemia. The polyps were composed predominantly of dilated crypts lined by columnar epithelium and abundant edematous stroma with mixed inflammatory infiltrates. One patient had a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, arising in juvenile polyp-associated intraepithelial neoplasia...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Guilherme Piovezani Ramos, Korosh Sharain, Karthik Ravi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Raul S Gonzalez, Volkan Adsay, Rondell P Graham, Stuti G Shroff, Michael M Feely, Michael G Drage, David N Lewin, Eric A Swanson, Rhonda K Yantiss, Pelin Bağci, Alyssa M Krasinskas
AIMS: Massive gastric polyposis is a rare entity that is often associated with juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features of 22 patients with abundant gastric juvenile-type or hyperplastic-like polyps. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 12 males and 10 females with a median age of 48 years (range: 13-79 years). Fourteen (64%) patients carried a diagnosis of JPS, and three had prior gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas...
May 2017: Histopathology
Ruthy Shaco-Levy, Kory W Jasperson, Katie Martin, N J Samadder, Randall W Burt, Jian Ying, Mary P Bronner
GOALS: To further characterize the gastrointestinal manifestations of Cowden syndrome in clinically well-annotated patients to improve the diagnosis of this syndrome. BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal manifestations of Cowden Syndrome, an important heritable and multiorgan cancer syndrome, are not well defined. Proper diagnosis is essential for effective cancer surveillance and prevention in these patients. STUDY: Cowden patients with gastrointestinal polyps were selected for medical record and pathologic slide review...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Anchisa Kunawudhi, Alexandra K Wong, Tarik K Alkasab, Umar Mahmood
PURPOSE: We evaluated all PET/CTs acquired for patients without a primary diagnosis of colorectal cancer, and compared results for those who had subsequent colonoscopy within 6 months, to assess the accuracy of FDG PET/CT for detection of incidental pre-malignant polyps and malignant colon cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 9,545 patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT studies over 3.5 years were retrospectively reviewed. Due to pre-existing diagnosis of colorectal cancer, 818 patients were excluded...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Yi-Han Hsiao, Chin-Hung Wei, Szu-Wen Chang, Lung Chang, Yu-Wei Fu, Hung-Chang Lee, Hsuan-Liang Liu, Chun-Yan Yeung
BACKGROUND: Juvenile polyposis syndrome, a rare disorder in children, is characterized with multiple hamartomatous polyps in alimentary tract. A variety of manifestations include bleeding, intussusception, or polyp prolapse. In this study, we present an 8-month-old male infant of juvenile polyposis syndrome initially presenting with chronic anemia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the youngest case reported in the literature. METHODS: We report a rare case of an 8-month-old male infant who presented with chronic anemia and gastrointestinal bleeding initially...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lodewijk A A Brosens, Francis M Giardiello, G Johan Offerhaus, Elizabeth A Montgomery
Gastric polyps occur in 1-4 % of patients undergoing gastroscopy. Although most are sporadic, some gastric polyps are part of an underlying hereditary syndrome. Gastric polyps can be seen in each of the well-known gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes, but also in Lynch syndrome and in several rare not primarily gastrointestinal syndromes. In addition, Gastric Adenocarcinoma and Proximal Polyposis of the Stomach (GAPPS) is a recently described heritable syndrome characterized by isolated gastric polyposis and risk of gastric cancer...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Anne Marie Jelsig
Hamartomatous polyps (HPs) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are rare compared to other types of GI polyps, yet they are the most common type of polyp in children. The symptoms are usually rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, obstipation, anaemia, and/or small bowel obstruction. The polyps are typically removed concurrently with endoscopy when located in the colon, rectum, or stomach, whereas polyps in the small bowel are removed during push-enteroscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy, or by surgery. HPs can be classified as juvenile polyps or Peutz-Jeghers polyps based on their histopathological appearance...
August 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Anne Marie Jelsig, Lilian Bomme Ousager, Klaus Brusgaard, Niels Qvist
BACKGROUND: Juvenile polyps in the large bowel are rare but the most common type of polyp in children. The prevalence and incidence are unknown, and few studies exist on the occurrence in adults. They are considered not to harbor any malignant potential unless they are part of the hereditary juvenile polyposis syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the demographics of juvenile polyps in Denmark in a 20-year period from 1995 to 2015 in both adults and children. This is the first report on the occurrence, anatomic localization, and reoccurrence of these polyps in a whole population...
August 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
James K Burmester, Lauren N Bell, Deanna Cross, Patrick Meyer, Steven H Yale
BACKGROUND: Menetrier's disease (MD) is a rare disease with unknown aetiology, characterized by hypertrophic folds within the fundus and body of the stomach. AIMS: We investigated mutations of the candidate genes SMAD4, BMPR1A, TGF-α, and PDX1 within a family with MD. METHODS: A large 4-generation family with MD was identified. This family had 5 cases of MD, 1 case of MD and juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) and 3 cases of JPS. Participants provided saliva for DNA extraction and completed a health questionnaire designed to assess conditions that may be found in patients with MD...
October 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Santosh Shenoy
Adenocarcinoma of small intestines (SBA) is a relatively rare malignancy with poor outcomes due to delayed diagnosis. Fifty percent of patients have metastases on presentation and therefore early detection and treatment offers the best long term outcomes. Certain genetic polyposis syndromes and familial diseases are associated with increased risks for SBA. These include familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), Lynch syndromes (LS), Juvenile polyposis syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Crohn's disease (CD) and celiac disease...
June 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Mayumi Yasuda, Jun Nishikawa, Hiroshi Suekane, Isao Sakaida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Internal Medicine
Michael Malandra, Sunpreet Kaur, Ashish Chogle
INTRODUCTION: Benign juvenile hamartomatous polyps are common in pediatric gastrointestinal practice. We hypothesize that in the absence of gross mucosal abnormalities, the likelihood of histologic abnormalities from routine random colonic biopsies is low. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review identifying patients ages 1 to 18 years who underwent complete colonoscopy and polypectomy for suspected colorectal polyps from January 1, 2004 to July 1, 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Tanya Kadiyska, Alexander Nossikoff, Pencho Kratunkov, Mary Hachmerian, Ludmila Angelova
Hereditary hemorrhagic teleangiectasia (HHT) is a genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal vessel formation and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The so-called "Curaçao criteria" are most commonly employed for the purposes of clinical diagnosis. However, children may not exhibit the full magnitude of symptoms and the Curaçao criteria appear to be less sensitive in this setting. We describe a family, in which two members were clinically diagnosed with HHT and referred for genetic testing. As there were phenotypic features suggesting the high likelihood of combined syndrome of juvenile polyposis with hereditary hemorrhagic teleangiectasia (JPHT), we proceeded with genetic testing of SMAD4 gene as initial step, which revealed a novel frameshift mutation...
May 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Ryusuke Saito, Toshikatsu Fukuda, Nobuaki Fujikuni, Tomoyuki Abe, Hironobu Amano, Masahiro Nakahara, Shuji Yonehara, Toshio Noriyuki
The present study described the case of a 24-year-old man who was diagnosed with multiple gastric hyperplastic polyps in 2004. Repeated Helicobacter pylori tests were negative, and colonoscopy revealed no specific findings. The patient started taking a proton-pump inhibitor and iron supplements as a result of anemia caused from the occasional bleeding from the polyps. The number and size of the polyps had increased over time. Endoscopic mucosal resection was occasionally performed when bleeding occurred from large polyps...
May 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Shatavisha Das Gupta, Ram Narayan Das, Ranajoy Ghosh, Anway Sen, Uttara Chatterjee, Kaushik Saha, Chhanda Datta, Prafulla Kumar Mishra, Ranjana Bandyopadhyay
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal polyps commonly affect the pediatric population. The commoner variety amongst these is the solitary rectal polyp. Juvenile polyposis coli (JPC) is rare, characterized by multiple polyps occurring throughout the gut. AIM: The role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been implicated in gastrointestinal tumorigenesis. We aimed to look at the clinicopathological spectrum of solitary vs juvenile polyposis and compare their differences in expression of COX-2 and p53...
January 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
James Ziai, Ellen Matloff, Jaehyuk Choi, Ninani Kombo, Miguel Materin, Allen E Bale
Hereditary mixed polyposis is a genetically heterogeneous, autosomal dominant condition with adenomatous, hyperplastic and juvenile polyps. We conducted a comprehensive clinical evaluation of a large Ashkenazi Jewish family with this phenotype and performed extensive genetic testing. As seen in one previous report, a 40 kb duplication upstream of GREM1 segregated with the polyposis/colon cancer phenotype in this kindred. Our study confirms the association of GREM1 with mixed polyposis and further defines the phenotype seen with this mutation...
March 7, 2016: Genetics Research
Denise O Andrade, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Paulo Fernando S Bittencourt, Daniela F P Ribeiro, Rodrigo Gomes da Silva, Luiz Ronaldo Alberti
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this paper is to investigate the frequency, clinical profile, and endoscopic findings of children and teenagers submitted to colonoscopies. METHODS: Patients of below 18 years of age, diagnosed with polyps by means of colonoscopies at two reference centers of pediatric endoscopy were followed-up between 2002 and 2012. The clinical variables evaluated in this study included: gender, recommendation of colonoscopy, associated signs and symptoms, age of onset of symptoms, age at identification of the polyp, interval of time between the onset of symptoms and the endoscopic diagnosis of colonic polyps, and family history of intestinal polyposis and/or colorectal cancer...
December 2015: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
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