Read by QxMD icon Read

Health monitoring data mining

Dachao Liang, Ross Ka-Kit Leung, Wenda Guan, William W Au
The commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microbial community which resides inside our body and on our skin (the human microbiome) can perturb host energy metabolism and immunity, and thus significantly influence development of a variety of human diseases. Therefore, the field has attracted unprecedented attention in the last decade. Although a large amount of data has been generated, there are still many unanswered questions and no universal agreements on how microbiome affects human health have been agreed upon...
2018: Gut Pathogens
G Morota, R V Ventura, F F Silva, M Koyama, S C Fernando
Precision animal agriculture is poised to rise to prominence in the livestock enterprise in the domains of management, production, welfare, sustainability, health surveillance, and environmental footprint. Considerable progress has been made in the use of tools to routinely monitor and collect information from animals and farms in a less laborious manner than before. These efforts have enabled the animal sciences to embark on information technology-driven discoveries to improve animal agriculture. However, the growing amount and complexity of data generated by fully automated, high-throughput data recording or phenotyping platforms, including digital images, sensor and sound data, unmanned systems, and information obtained from real-time non-invasive computer vision, pose challenges to the successful implementation of precision animal agriculture...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Anthony J Timpano, Carl E Zipper, David J Soucek, Stephen H Schoenholtz
Salinization of freshwaters by human activities is of growing concern globally. Consequences of salt pollution include adverse effects to aquatic biodiversity, ecosystem function, human health, and ecosystem services. In headwater streams of the temperate forests of eastern USA, elevated specific conductance (SC), a surrogate measurement for the major dissolved ions composing salinity, has been linked to decreased diversity of aquatic insects. However, such linkages have typically been based on limited numbers of SC measurements that do not quantify intra-annual variation...
January 8, 2018: Water Research
Jingzhou Xin, Jianting Zhou, Simon X Yang, Xiaoqing Li, Yu Wang
Bridges are an essential part of the ground transportation system. Health monitoring is fundamentally important for the safety and service life of bridges. A large amount of structural information is obtained from various sensors using sensing technology, and the data processing has become a challenging issue. To improve the prediction accuracy of bridge structure deformation based on data mining and to accurately evaluate the time-varying characteristics of bridge structure performance evolution, this paper proposes a new method for bridge structure deformation prediction, which integrates the Kalman filter, autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA), and generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH)...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Mark A Crowe, Miel Hostens, Geert Opsomer
Background: Drivers of change in dairy herd health management include the significant increase in herd/farm size, quota removal (within Europe) and the increase in technologies to aid in dairy cow reproductive management. Main body: There are a number of key areas for improving fertility management these include: i) handling of substantial volumes of data, ii) genetic selection (including improved phenotypes for use in breeding programmes), iii) nutritional management (including transition cow management), iv) control of infectious disease, v) reproductive management (and automated systems to improve reproductive management), vi) ovulation / oestrous synchronisation, vii) rapid diagnostics of reproductive status, and viii) management of male fertility...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Sepideh Mazrouee, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Diet and physical activity are known as important lifestyle factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used to measure physical activity or detect eating time. In many intervention studies, however, stringent monitoring of overall dietary composition and energy intake is needed. Currently, such a monitoring relies on self-reported data by either entering text or taking an image that represents food intake. These approaches suffer from limitations such as low adherence in technology adoption and time sensitivity to the diet intake context...
January 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Mark Larsen, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Maria Oquendo
Clinical assessment in psychiatry is commonly based on findings from brief, regularly scheduled in-person appointments. Although critically important, this approach reduces assessment to cross-sectional observations that miss essential information about disease course. The mental health provider makes all medical decisions based on this limited information. Thanks to recent technological advances such as mobile phones and other personal devices, electronic health (eHealth) data collection strategies now can provide access to real-time patient self-report data during the interval between visits...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Asif Salekin, Hongning Wang, Kristine Williams, John Stankovic
DAVE is a comprehensive set of event detection techniques to monitor and detect 5 important verbal agitations: asking for help, verbal sexual advances, questions, cursing, and talking with repetitive sentences. The novelty of DAVE includes combining acoustic signal processing with three different text mining paradigms to detect verbal events (asking for help, verbal sexual advances, and questions) which need both lexical content and acoustic variations to produce accurate results. To detect cursing and talking with repetitive sentences we extend word sense disambiguation and sequential pattern mining algorithms...
July 2017: ...IEEE...International Conference on Connected Health: Applications, Systems and Engineering Technologies
Mina Fallah, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori
Objectives: Smartphones represent a promising technology for patient-centered healthcare. It is claimed that data mining techniques have improved mobile apps to address patients' needs at subgroup and individual levels. This study reviewed the current literature regarding data mining applications in patient-centered mobile-based information systems. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for original studies reported from 2014 to 2016...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
Tahar Slimani, Mohamed Said El Hassani, El Hassan El Mouden, Marine Bonnet, Paco Bustamante, François Brischoux, Maud Brault-Favrou, Xavier Bonnet
Mercury (Hg) is a toxic contaminant present in most aquatic ecosystems. High concentrations pose serious threats to organisms and to human health. Because previous studies focused on few countries, environmental hazard due to Hg contamination remains obscure in many geographic areas, and for example limited information is available in North Africa. We examined total Hg contamination in 13 sites in Morocco (12 rivers and one lake) spread over a large area, 400 km north-south and 350 km west-east, that encompasses different biogeographic zones separated by the Atlas Mountains...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Jeffrey T Hancock, Amarendra K Das
BACKGROUND: Substance use-related communication for drug use promotion and its prevention is widely prevalent on social media. Social media big data involve naturally occurring communication phenomena that are observable through social media platforms, which can be used in computational or scalable solutions to generate data-driven inferences. Despite the promising potential to utilize social media big data to monitor and treat substance use problems, the characteristics, mechanisms, and outcomes of substance use-related communications on social media are largely unknown...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Uzair Aslam Bhatti, Mengxing Huang, Hao Wang, Yu Zhang, Anum Mehmood, Wu Di
Immunization averts an expected 2 to 3 million deaths every year from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and measles; however, an additional 1.5 million deaths could be avoided if vaccination coverage was improved worldwide. (1)(1) Data source for immunization records of 1.5 M: New vaccination technologies provide earlier diagnoses, personalized treatments and a wide range of other benefits for both patients and health care professionals. Childhood diseases that were commonplace less than a generation ago have become rare because of vaccines...
October 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Ali H Al-Fatlawi, Hayder K Fatlawi, Sai Ho Ling
Daily physical activities monitoring is benefiting the health care field in several ways, in particular with the development of the wearable sensors. This paper adopts effective ways to calculate the optimal number of the necessary sensors and to build a reliable and a high accuracy monitoring system. Three data mining algorithms, namely Decision Tree, Random Forest and PART Algorithm, have been applied for the sensors selection process. Furthermore, the deep belief network (DBN) has been investigated to recognise 33 physical activities effectively...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Janani Venugopalan, Nikhil Chanani, Kevin Maher, May D Wang
There are approximately 4 million intensive care unit (ICU) admissions each year in the United States with costs accounting for 4.1% of national health expenditures. Unforeseen adverse events contribute disproportionately to these costs. Thus, there has been substantial research in developing clinical decision support systems to predict and improve ICU outcomes such as ICU mortality, prolonged length of stay, and ICU readmission. However, the data in the ICU is collected at diverse time intervals and includes both static and temporal data...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Vera Samburova, Barbara Zielinska, Andrey Khlystov
Estimation of carcinogenic potency based on analysis of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ranked by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the most popular approach within scientific and environmental air quality management communities. The majority of PAH monitoring projects have been focused on particle-bound PAHs, ignoring the contribution of gas-phase PAHs to the toxicity of PAH mixtures in air samples. In this study, we analyzed the results of 13 projects in which 88 PAHs in both gas and particle phases were collected from different sources (biomass burning, mining operation, and vehicle emissions), as well as in urban air...
August 15, 2017: Toxics
Desre M Kramer, D Linn Holness, Emily Haynes, Keith McMillan, Colin Berriault, Sheila Kalenge, Nancy Lightfoot
BACKGROUND: Miners work in highly hazardous environments, but surprisingly, there are more fatalities from occupational diseases, including cancers, than from fatalities from injuries. Over the last few decades, the mining environment has become safer with fewer injuries and less exposure to the toxins that lead to occupational disease. There have been improvements in working conditions, and a reduction in the number of workers exposed, together with an overall improvement in the health of miners...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Savino Sciascia, Massimo Radin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends of Internet search volumes linked to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), on-going clinical trials and research developments associated to the disease, using Big Data monitoring and data mining. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis based on the large amount of data generated by Google Trends, scientific search tools (SCOPUS, Medline/Pubmed/ considering 'SLE', and 'lupus' in a 5-year web-based research. Wikipedia page views were also analysed using WikiTrends and the results were compared with the search volumes generated by Google Trends...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Christopher Neil Passmore, Mirela Kirr
One of the main goals for Radiation Safety Professionals is to help maintain radiation worker doses below administrative control levels. In the radiation safety field there is an increasing recognition of the value of dosimetry-related data that can be used to enhance safety programs and regulatory compliance. Mining radiation dosimetry data and rendering results in the form of dashboards provides insights for the Radiation Safety Professionals that could help improve the radiological protection programs effectiveness, enhances quality, and reduces cost...
December 2017: Health Physics
Neng Wan, Ge Lin, Gaines J Wilson
Location uncertainty has been a major barrier in information mining from location data. Although the development of electronic and telecommunication equipment has led to an increased amount and refined resolution of data about individuals' spatio-temporal trajectories, the potential of such data, especially in the context of environmental health studies, has not been fully realized due to the lack of methodology that addresses location uncertainties. This article describes a methodological framework for deriving information about people's continuous activities from individual-collected Global Positioning System (GPS) data, which is vital for a variety of environmental health studies...
August 2017: Transactions in GIS: TG
Philip Nuss, Gian Andrea Blengini
The characterization of elemental cycles has a rich history in biogeochemistry. Well known examples include the global carbon cycle, or the cycles of the 'grand nutrients' nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. More recently, efforts have increased to better understand the natural cycling of technology critical elements (TCEs), i.e. elements with a high supply risk and economic importance in the EU. On the other hand, tools such as material-flow analysis (MFA) can help to understand how substances and goods are transported and accumulated in man-made technological systems ('anthroposphere')...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"