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Hospital Acquired Infections, ARO

Parviz Mohajeri, Samira Azizkhani, Abbas Farahani, Baharak Norozi
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial pathogen frequently isolated in both hospital and community environments. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is considered a major nosocomial pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to determine the genotypes of MRSA strains isolated from the nares of hospitalized and community patients in Kermanshah Hospital, western Iran, by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
January 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Steve Buick, A Mark Joffe, Geoffrey Taylor, John Conly
The Canadian Consensus Development Conference on Surveillance and Screening for Antimicrobial-Resistant Organisms (AROs) was sponsored by the Alberta Ministry of Health to provide evidence to update policies for ARO screening in acute care settings. A rigorous evidence-based literature review completed before the conference concluded that that neither universal nor targeted screening of patients was associated with a reduction in hospital-acquired ARO colonization, infection, morbidity, or mortality. Leading international clinicians, scientists, academics, policy makers, and administrators presented current evidence and clinical experience, focusing on whether and how hospitals should screen patients for AROs as part of broader ARO control strategies...
April 1, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Alon Vaisman, Kevin Pivovarov, Allison McGeer, Barbara Willey, Bjug Borgundvaag, Vanessa Porter, Piraveina Gnanasuntharam, Yanliang Wei, Geoffrey C Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experience frequent hospitalizations and use of immunosuppressive medications, which may predispose them to colonization with antimicrobial-resistant organisms (ARO). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of ARO colonization on admission to hospital and the incidence of infection during hospitalization among hospitalized IBD patients. METHODS: A chart review comparing the prevalence of colonization and incidence of infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant enterococci and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL) in hospitalized IBD patients with those of non-IBD controls was performed...
2013: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Wesley Leung, Gurtej Malhi, Barbara M Willey, Allison J McGeer, Bjug Borgundvaag, Reka Thanabalan, Piraveina Gnanasuntharam, Brian Le, Adam V Weizman, Kenneth Croitoru, Mark S Silverberg, A Hillary Steinhart, Geoffrey C Nguyen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients may be at increased risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant organisms (ARO). We sought to determine the prevalence of colonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Enterobacteriaceae containing extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL), and vancomycin-resistant enterococi (VRE) among ambulatory IBD patients. METHODS: We recruited consecutive IBD patients from clinics (n=306) and 3 groups of non-IBD controls from our colon cancer screening program (n=67), the family medicine clinic (n=190); and the emergency department (n=428) from the same medical center in Toronto...
August 2012: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Toshiaki Komori
The world is now being faced with the battle for antimicrobial resistant organisms(ARO), such as MRSA, PRSP, ESBL producing GNR, MDRP and VRSA. These AROs are causing hospital-acquired infections(HAI) by the way of person-to-person transmission. The role of microbiological laboratories in hospitals is quite important in controlling HAI. Firstly, accurate detection of AROs is essential. They have to be proficient in both isolation and detection of AROs. Secondly, they have to return the results rapidly for not only clinicians but infection control team(ICT) to prevent more spread of HAI if an isolated organism is ARO...
September 2002: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
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