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Esophagus varices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877949/study-of-the-influence-of-heme-oxygenase-1-gene-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs2071746-on-esophageal-varices-among-patients-with-cirrhosis
#1
Walid Ismail Ellakany, Khaled Mahmoud MoheyEldin, Pietro Invernizzi, Ali Mahmoud ElKady, Hossam Eldin Fathy Abou Elkheir, Reham Abdel Haleem Abo Elwafa, Ahmed Ellakany
INTRODUCTION: Cirrhosis as a pathological term has some criteria known to be common in all cases of liver cirrhosis. Esophageal varices are portosystemic collaterals arising in the submucosa of the lower esophagus because of portal hypertension. Portal hypertension is defined as hepatic venous pressure gradient greater than 5 mmHg that arises often as a sequelae of mesenchymal dysfunction in a cirrhotic liver. This study was carried out on 120 personnel divided into three groups: group A included 50 cases of liver cirrhosis with esophageal varices, group B consisted of 50 cases of cirrhosis without esophageal varices, and group C had 20 healthy volunteers a control group...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739920/a-rare-case-of-complete-esophageal-obstruction-following-esophageal-variceal-band-ligation-evbl-for-esophageal-varices-performed-by-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-egd
#2
Muhammad Aziz, Beth Floyd, Tuba Esfandyari
BACKGROUND Esophageal variceal band ligation (EVBL) performed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a routinely performed procedure for the treatment of esophageal varices that is undertaken to control bleeding and prevent further complications. This report is of a case of a rare complication of complete esophageal obstruction following EVBL. CASE REPORT A 69-year-old woman underwent EVBL for esophageal varices. She subsequently presented with complete obstruction of the esophageal lumen with ulceration, which was seen on repeat EGD...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713571/superior-vena-cava-obstruction-a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-esophageal-variceal-bleeding
#3
Agazi Gebreselassie, Ahmad Awan, Hamid Yaqoob, Adeyinka Laiyemo
"Downhill" esophageal varices are formed in upper two-thirds of the esophagus as a consequence of a superior vena cava obstruction. We present a case of 55-year-old African-American female with a medical history of multiple comorbidities, including end-stage renal disease, who presented with an upper gastrointestinal bleed and was found to have distended neck veins on physical examination. She gave a history of the insertion of an intravenous central line in her neck area for hemodialysis purposes about six years previously...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560646/esophageal-lesions-detected-during-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-incidence-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-impact
#4
J F Juanmartiñena Fernández, I Fernández-Urién Sainz, C Saldaña Dueñas, A Elosua González, M Montañés Guimera, B Zabalza Ollo, S Pardo González, J J Vila Costas
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, capsule endoscopy is the first-line procedure for the visualization of the small bowel. Although it was primarily designed with this goal, it may also identify other segments of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the incidence of esophageal abnormalities detected in patients undergoing small bowel capsule endoscopy and its impact on patient management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of data from 2217 consecutive capsule endoscopy procedures performed at a single tertiary-care centre between January 2008 and February 2016...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359035/ectopic-gastrointestinal-variceal-bleeding-with-portal-hypertension
#5
Keita Minowa, Shuhei Komatsu, Kenichiro Takashina, Sachie Tanaka, Tatsuya Kumano, Kenichiro Imura, Katsumi Shimomura, Jun Ikeda, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Yasuo Ueshima, Tecchuu Lee, Eito Ikeda, Eigo Otsuji, Yasuhiro Shioaki
Massive gastrointestinal bleeding from gastrointestinal varices is one of the most serious complications in patients with portal hypertension. However, if no bleeding point can be detected by endoscopy in the predilection sites of gastrointestinal varices, such as the esophagus and stomach, ectopic gastrointestinal variceal bleeding should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of ectopic ileal variceal bleeding in a 57-year-old woman, which was successfully diagnosed by multi-detector row CT (MDCT) and angiography and treated by segmental ileum resection...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342262/preliminary-study-of-1940-nm-thulium-laser-usage-in-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#6
J Liu, Y Jiao, Y Niu, L Yu, M Ji, S Zhang
Esophageal achalasia is a type of motility disorder characterized by incomplete relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and absence of esophageal peristalsis. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new treatment option for achalasia that is less invasive, more effective, and safe as compared to surgery. High-frequency electrotome is commonly used in POEM, but takes longer time to make the tunnel in the esophagus and causes many complications. The thulium laser decreases the risk of bleeding and perforation in endoscopy but has not been reported in digestive diseases, especially in POEM...
January 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209115/procedure-related-complications-in-gastric-variceal-obturation-with-tissue-glue
#7
Yun-Wei Guo, Hui-Biao Miao, Zhuo-Fu Wen, Jie-Ying Xuan, Hao-Xiong Zhou
AIM: To focus on procedure-related complications, evaluate their incidence, analyze the reasons and discuss the solutions. METHODS: Overall, 628 endoscopic gastric variceal obturation (EGVO) procedures (case-times) with NBC were performed in 519 patients in the Department of Endoscopy of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2011 to December 2016. The clinical data of patients and procedure-related complications of EGVO were retrospectively analyzed...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093623/presence-of-columnar-lined-esophagus-is-negatively-associated-with-the-presence-of-esophageal-varices-in-japanese-alcoholic-men
#8
Akira Yokoyama, Kenro Hirata, Rieko Nakamura, Tai Omori, Takeshi Mizukami, Junko Aida, Katsuya Maruyama, Tetsuji Yokoyama
AIM: To determine whether the presence of columnar-lined esophagus (CLE) is associated with the presence of esophageal varices (EVs) in male Japanese alcoholics. METHODS: The subjects were 1614 Japanese alcohol-dependent men (≥ 40 years of age) who had undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopic screening. Digitalized records of high-quality endoscopic images that included the squamocolumnar junction and esophagogastric junction were retrospectively jointly reviewed by four expert endoscopists for the purpose of diagnosing CLE...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752419/regional-variability-of-repeat-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-use-in-the-national-veteran-population
#9
Andrew J Gawron, Garrett Cole, Nan Hu, William K Thompson, John Fang, Matthew Samore
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) procedures are performed frequently to evaluate gastrointestinal disease and symptoms. AIM: To determine regional practice variability of repeat EGDs in a national population. METHODS: The study sample included US Veterans with an outpatient index EGD from 1/1/2008 to 12/2010. We determined risk of repeat endoscopy from 1/2008 to 10/1/2014. A logistic regression model was used to assess the association between the odds of repeated EGD and patient demographics, ICD diagnostic codes, and geographic region...
September 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467587/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-related-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-bleeding-downhill-varices-a-rare-complication
#10
Bülent Yaşar, Gamze Kılıçoğlu
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) due to any cause results in development of venous collaterals in the upper part of the esophagus, known as "downhill" varices. Although rare, bleeding can be life-threatening. Presently described is case of Behçet's diseaserelated SVC occlusion in a patient who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding from upper esophageal varices.
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433104/wilson-disease-symptomatic-liver-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Jan Pfeiffenberger, Karl-Heinz Weiss, Wolfgang Stremmel
Wilson disease leads to symptomatic impairment of liver function or liver cirrhosis. Strict adherence to decoppering agents is essential in these patients. Secondary prevention of additional hepatic damage by avoidance of other toxic substances (e.g., alcohol, drugs) and sufficient calorie intake is recommended. Routine examinations in cirrhotic patients include screening for signs of portal hypertension (esophagus varices), development of ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy. Where varices are present, primary or secondary preventive interventions may include treatment with nonselective beta-blockers or variceal ligation, similar to the approach in patients with liver cirrhosis due to other etiologies...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066855/spectrum-of-small-bowel-mucosal-abnormalities-identified-by-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-of-varied-etiology
#12
T S Chandrasekar, Gokul Bollu Janakan, Viveksandeep Thoguluva Chandrasekar, Raja Yogesh Kalamegam, Sathiamoorthy Suriyanarayanan, Prasad Menta Sanjeevaraya
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from small intestinal ectopic varices and persistent anemia caused by portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE) can be very challenging. Capsule endoscopy (CE) is one of the best noninvasive modalities in identifying such lesions. AIM: The aims of this study are to study the prevalence of small-bowel changes related to portal hypertension (PHT) and to correlate them with the observations related to the effects of portal hypertension in the esophagus, stomach, and colon...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756532/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-erosive-esophagitis-and-barrett-s-esophagus-in-a-chinese-population
#13
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Teng-Yu Lee, Yen-Chun Peng, Hong-Zen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome has been highlighted as a risk factor for several gastrointestinal diseases, including gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus (BE). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of metabolic syndrome with erosive esophagitis (EE) and BE. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from patients who visited the Medical Screening Center at Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan from January 2006 to December 2009...
January 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663417/portal-hypertension-in-children-high-risk-varices-primary-prophylaxis-and-consequences-of-bleeding
#14
Mathieu Duché, Béatrice Ducot, Oanez Ackermann, Florent Guérin, Emmanuel Jacquemin, Olivier Bernard
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary prophylaxis of bleeding is debated for children with portal hypertension because of the limited number of studies on its safety and efficacy, the lack of a known endoscopic pattern carrying a high-risk of bleeding for all causes, and the assumption that the mortality of a first bleed is low. We report our experience with these issues. METHODS: From 1989 to 2014, we managed 1300 children with portal hypertension. Endoscopic features were recorded; high-risk varices were defined as: grade 3 esophageal varices, grade 2 varices with red wale markings, or gastric varices...
February 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430081/gastric-polyp-growth-during-endoscopic-surveillance-for-esophageal-varices-or-barrett-s-esophagus
#15
Dan M Livovsky, Orit Pappo, Galina Skarzhinsky, Asaf Peretz, Elliot Turvall, Zvi Ackerman
BACKGROUND: We recently observed patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) or chronic reflux symptoms (CRS) who developed gastric polyps (GPs) while undergoing surveillance gastroscopies for the detection of esophageal varices or Barrett's esophagus, respectively. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for GP growth and estimate its growth rate. METHODS: GP growth rate was defined as the number of days since the first gastroscopy (without polyps) in the surveillance program, until the gastroscopy when a GP was discovered...
May 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249427/hypogenesis-of-right-lobe-of-liver-accompanied-by-portal-hypertension-and-esophagogastric-variceal-bleeding-a-rare-anomaly-a-case-report
#16
M Gurgenidze, N Lomidze, K Chelidze, G Nemsadze, Z Manijashvili
Hypo-agenesis of the right lobe of the liver is an extremely rare finding. It is defined as the complete or partial absence of liver tissue on the right side without previous disease or surgery. It is usually an incidental finding. A 32-year-old female patient came to Emergency Department of TSMU the First University Clinic 22.10.2015 with an initial diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Her medical history showed no previous diseases of the liver or episodes of hemorrhage. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting with red blood, melena was presented on admission...
April 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198238/preoperative-endoscopy-prior-to-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Manish Parikh, Jennifer Liu, Dorice Vieira, Demetrios Tzimas, Daniel Horwitz, Andrew Antony, John K Saunders, Akuezunkpa Ude-Welcome, Adam Goodman
BACKGROUND: There is debate regarding preoperative endoscopy (EGD) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Some centers perform EGD routinely in all patients; others perform EGD selectively. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing literature to estimate how frequently preoperative EGD changes management. METHODS: Our review yielded 28 studies encompassing 6616 patients. Baseline characteristics including age and body mass index (BMI) were included...
December 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097695/association-of-endoscopic-esophageal-variceal-ligation-with-duodenal-ulcer
#18
Ze-Hao Zhuang, Ai-Fang Lin, Du-Peng Tang, Jing-Jing Wei, Zheng-Ji Liu, Xiao-Mei Xin, Yu-Feng Pan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of duodenal ulcer (DU), as well as other clinical characteristics occurring after endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) of the esophagus. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China, from April 2012 to April 2013. METHODOLOGY: A total of 47 patients with esophageal varices (EVr) who had also undergone EVL and gastroscopic follow-up within 3 months of the procedure was retrospectively analyzed...
April 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26588102/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-diagnostic-evaluation-of-esophageal-varices-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#19
Lanyan Qiu, Xiaoli Zhang, Dong Liu, Linxue Qian, Xiangdong Hu
The purpose of this study was to clarify the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for the diagnosis of esophageal varices (EVs) in patients with cirrhosis. A total of 81 cases (56 patients with EVs and 25 control subjects without EV) were examined by CEUS and by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. According to the esophagogastroduodenoscopy results, we divided the subjects into 3 groups: G0, G1, and G2. The G0 group had 25 patients who exhibited no liver abnormality other than liver cyst or hemangioma without EVs, G1 comprised 9 patients with small EVs and 13 with medium EVs...
June 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586353/successful-treatment-of-bleeding-duodenal-varix-by-percutaneous-transsplenic-embolization
#20
Dong Hun Kang, Ji Won Park, Eui Yong Jeon, Sung Eun Kim, Jong Hyeok Kim, Young Seok Kwon, Seung Ah Park, Choong Kee Park
Variceal bleeding occurs primarily in the esophagus or stomach in patients with liver cirrhosis, but can also occur rarely in the duodenum. Duodenal variceal bleeding has a high mortality and poor prognosis due to heavy blood flow originating from the portal vein (PV) and the technical difficulty of hemostatic procedures. Treatments including endoscopic sclerotherapy, endoscopic ligations, endoscopic clipping and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt have been tried, with only moderate and variable success...
November 2015: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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