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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090474/post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-biloma-in-a-child-managed-by-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-and-stenting-a-case-report
#1
Charu Tiwari, Om Prakash Makhija, Deepa Makhija, Shalika Jayaswal, Hemanshi Shah
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, though an uncommon surgical procedure in paediatric age group is still associated with a higher risk of post-operative bile duct injuries when compared with the open procedure. Small leaks from extra hepatic biliary apparatus usually lead to the formation of a localized sub-hepatic bile collection, also known as biloma. Such leaks are rare complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially in paediatric age group. Minor bile leaks can usually be managed non-surgically by percutaneous drainage combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065885/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-with-ampullary-biopsy-vs-ercp-alone-a-matched-pairs-controlled-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-complications
#2
Sunil Dacha, Saurabh Chawla, Jai Eun Lee, Steven A Keilin, Qiang Cai, Field F Willingham
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Biopsy of the ampulla of Vater may be performed to evaluate for ampullary adenomas, suspected ampullary tumors and immunohistological staining for autoimmune pancreatitis. Ampullary biopsies are commonly performed at the time of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Due to the well-established complication rate following ERCP, the contribution of ampullary biopsy as a potential independent risk factor would require a controlled comparison. METHODS: A matched-pairs, case-control analysis was performed for patients undergoing ERCP with or without ampullary biopsy...
January 8, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054294/treatment-of-common-bile-duct-stones-in-gastric-bypass-patients-with-laparoscopic-transgastric-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#3
Nina A Frederiksen, Louise Tveskov, Frederik Helgstrand, Lars Naver, Andrea Floyd
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass excludes the biliary tree from traditional evaluation and treatment with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Due to the initial rapid weight loss, gastric bypass patients have an increased risk of developing gallstones in the gallbladder as well as in the common bile duct. Various techniques to access the biliary tree have been described. The techniques are characterised by complexity and varying results. The aim of the present study was to assess both feasibility and outcome of laparoscopic-assisted transgastric ERCP in patients with gastric bypass...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027817/management-of-endoscopic%C3%A2-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-perforations-experience-of-a-tertiary-center
#4
Roi Weiser, Niv Pencovich, Liat Mlynarsky, Adi Berliner-Senderey, Guy Lahat, Erwin Santo, Joseph M Klausner, Ido Nachmany
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-induced perforation (EP) is a rare but severe complication. We describe the risk factors, management, and outcome of ERCP-induced perforations in a tertiary center. METHODS: This is a case-control study. All EP cases between March 2004 and February 2015 were compared to a control group without perforation. Data on patients, procedures, presentation, perforation type, radiologic findings, management, and outcome were assessed...
December 24, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018225/role-of-somatostatin-in-preventing-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-pancreatitis-an-update-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jing Hu, Pei-Lin Li, Tao Zhang, Jin-Ping Chen, Yao-Jun Hu, Zheng Yu, Jin-Peng Wang, Dan Zhu, Xiao-Fei Tong
Background: Acute pancreatitis is the most common serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although, somatostatin (SOM) has been used in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), the efficacy of SOM remains inconsistent. Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), and the Science Citation Index were searched to retrieve relevant studies. Details of the study population, including patients' characteristics, sample size, regimen of drug administration and incidence of PEP, hyperamylasemia and abdominal pain were extracted by two investigators...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998426/-value-of-integrated-pancreatic-and-biliary-stents-for-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#6
C Zhang, Y L Yang, Y Yu, C C Qi, M J Lin, L J Shi, H W Zhang, J Y Li, Y F Ma
Objective: To investigate the value of integrated pancreatic and biliary stents for prevention of post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. Methods: The clinical data of patients whom had pancreatic stents for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis from December 2013 to October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical effect and complication were compared between straight pancreatic stents group and integrated pancreatic and biliary stents group. Results: A total of 214 patients had pancreatic stents for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997966/double-guidewire-technique-in-difficult-biliary-cannulation-for-the-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Frances Tse, Yuhong Yuan, Paul Moayyedi, Grigorios I Leontiadis, Alan N Barkun
Background and study aims Difficult cannulation is a risk factor for pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The double-guidewire technique (DGT) may improve cannulation success and reduce the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in patients with difficult cannulation. This systematic review compared the DGT with persistent conventional cannulation or other advanced techniques in patients with difficult cannulation. Patients and Methods CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases and DDW and UEGW abstracts up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing DGT with persistent conventional cannulation or other advanced techniques (precut, pancreatic duct [PD] stenting)...
January 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987277/eculizumab-refractory-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-secondary-to-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-in-a-patient
#8
Faizan Malik, Naveed Ali, Irfan Ahsan, Ali Raza Ghani, Christian Fidler
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare multisystem microvascular disorder, which is characterized by pentad of thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and organ dysfunction due to occlusive thrombi. The proposed pathophysiology involves an imbalance between unusually large von Willebrand factor multimers and the cleaving protease ADAMTS13. Acute pancreatitis is a well-described consequence of TTP, but TTP secondary to acute pancreatitis is a rare phenomenon. We present a patient who developed TTP due to post-ERCP pancreatitis with hematologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and renal complications and is the first case of this kind...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981828/management-of-post-ercp-complications
#9
David J Desilets
ERCP has the highest risk of complication of any endoscopic procedure routinely performed by gastroenterologists or surgeons. Adverse events are inevitable when performing ERCP, and one must learn to manage these appropriately when they occur. One avenue to successful a outcome after a complication of ERCP is to follow the "5R model" of management: recognize, react, reach out, repent, and revisit. Several case studies are used as examples of intervention after complication, especially after retroperitoneal perforation...
December 16, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981825/laparo-endoscopic-rendez-vous-versus-sequential-delayed-approach-in-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#10
Antonio Pesce, Gaetano LA Greca, Saverio Latteri, Vincenzo Guardabasso, Federica DI Marco, Michele DI Blasi, Domenico Russello, Stefano Puleo
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and safety of synchronous laparoscopic cholecystectomy with laparo-endoscopic rendez-vous technique vs sequential "delayed" approach with the main goal to compare the conversion rate and post-operative complications. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having gallstones and CBD stones or sludge were enrolled in this study. From January 2013 to June 2015, 43 consecutive patients were submitted to the sequential treatment (ERCP prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy) and the next consecutive 46 patients were submitted to undergo the rendez-vous technique...
December 16, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965473/diagnostic-value-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-symptomatic-patients-with-high-and-intermediate-probabilities-of-common-bile-duct-stones-and-a-negative-computed-tomography-scan
#11
Tae Joo Jeon, Jae Hee Cho, Yeon Suk Kim, Si Young Song, Ji Young Park
Background/Aims: When computed tomography (CT) does not indicate choledocholithiasis in highly suspicious patients, there is no definite consensus on the subsequent modality. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) indicates fewer procedure-related complications than endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and has a lower cost than magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of EUS in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis and negative CT findings...
December 16, 2016: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931639/complications-in-pediatric-endoscopy
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Tringali, Valerio Balassone, Paola De Angelis, Rosario Landi
The experience of the "endoscopic community" in pediatric patients is limited, but during recent years increased skills of the endoscopists and technological improvements lead to a standardization of pediatric endoscopy and the development of specialized pediatric endoscopy unit. Adverse events related to diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy in children are usually rare. Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of complications in pediatric endoscopy is crucial when dealing with benign diseases in children. The complication rate of diagnostic EGD and colonoscopy in children are extremely low...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931638/complications-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-endoscopic-ultrasound
#13
REVIEW
Sundeep Lakhtakia
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) provides the unique opportunity to visualize, interrogate and intervene gastrointestinal (GI) luminal, mural or peri-luminal structures and pathology with negligible adverse effects. Diagnostic, upper GI and rectal EUS is feasible, extremely safe, and efficacious. Most EUS guided interventions are safe, effective and minimally invasive, compared to peers in the percutaneous radiological or surgical procedures. As with any endoscopic procedure, EUS and its guided interventions may be accompanied by adverse events...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931637/complications-of-ercp
#14
REVIEW
Rupjyoti Talukdar
Even though considered safe, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is among the endoscopic procedures associated with the highest rate of complications. Post ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of ERCP. Several independent risk factors have been associated with PEP. Prophylactic PD stenting has been shown to be highly effective in preventing PEP. More recent studies have suggested that NSAIDs, especially rectal indomethacin, could by itself be effective in preventing PEP...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924386/cost-analysis-of-laparoendoscopic-rendezvous-versus-preoperative-ercp-and-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-the-management-of-cholecystocholedocholithiasis
#15
Aldo Garbarini, Dario Reggio, Simone Arolfo, Marco Bruno, Roberto Passera, Giorgia Catalano, Claudio Barletti, Mauro Salizzoni, Mario Morino, Luca Petruzzelli, Alberto Arezzo
BACKGROUND: Evidence from controlled trials and meta-analyses suggests that laparoendoscopic rendezvous (LERV) is preferable to sequential treatment in the management of common bile duct stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With this retrospective analysis of a prospective database that included consecutive patients treated for cholecystocholedocholithiasis at our institution between January 2007 and July 2015, we compared LERV with sequential treatment. The primary endpoint was global cost, defined as the cost/patient/hospital stay, and the secondary end points were efficacy and morbidity...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920862/percutaneous-transhepatic-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-of-a-large-common-bile-duct-stone
#16
Adam K Deal, Shashidhara Murthy, Shaun Wason, Harlan Vingan, Michael Fabrizio
A 58-year-old woman presented with a 4 cm obstructing choledocolith within the proximal common bile duct. She had an extensive operative history resulting in common bile duct to jejunum anastomosis after cholecystectomy. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) removal was unsuccessful, and surgical exploration was contraindicated due to multiple comorbidities. Interventional radiologist placement of bilateral transhepatic ureteral access sheaths allowed Urologist evaluation of the biliary tract by ureteroscope...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920840/unusual-use-of-gd-eob-dtpa-in-mrcp-in-order-to-reveal-the-source-of-bile-leakage-in-a-patient-with-neuroendocrine-tumor-case-report
#17
Rafał Mazur, Aleksander Pawluś, Kinga Szymańska, Mateusz Patyk, Anna Otlewska, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki, Dąbrówka Sokołowska-Dąbek, Eliza Kubicka, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
BACKGROUND: MRCP is the method of choice in diagnosing pathologies of the biliary system. One of them is bile fistulae. They are uncommon but tend to cause many diagnostic problems. The possible way to improve MRCP is using it with intravenous injection of hepatobiliary-specific contrast agents. As it is eliminated via the hepatobiliary system, it can be visualized in the bile ducts and may help to reveal disorders undetected by a standard MRCP. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 36-year-old woman with leakage in the biliary system which led to creation of a subcutaneous bile reservoir...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914763/management-of-suspected-common-bile-duct-stone-diagnostic-yield-of-current-guideline
#18
Ufuk B Kuzu, Bülent Ödemiş, Selçuk Dişibeyaz, Erkan Parlak, Erkin Öztaş, Fatih Saygılı, Hakan Yıldız, Mustafa Kaplan, Orhan Coskun, Adem Aksoy, Derya Arı, Nuretdin Suna, Ertuğrul Kayaçetin
BACKGROUND: The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) has recently published a guideline for suspected CBDS with the intention of reducing unnecessary ERCP and thereby complications. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic efficacy of the ASGE guideline. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent ERCP with suspected CBDS were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were classified into high, intermediate and low risk groups based on predictors that have been suggested by the ASGE...
November 30, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909551/post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-severity
#19
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ehab El Hanafy, Tarek Salah, Ehab Atef, Hosam Hamed, Ahmad M Sultan, Emad Hamdy, Mohamed Said, Ahmed A El Geidie, Tharwat Kandil, Mohamed El Shobari, Gamal El Ebidy
AIM: To detect risk factors for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and investigate the predictors of its severity. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of all patients who underwent ERCP. Pre-ERCP data, intraoperative data, and post-ERCP data were collected. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 996 patients. Their mean age at presentation was 58.42 (± 14.72) years, and there were 454 male and 442 female patients...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905178/follow-up-to-determine-unplanned-hospitalization-and-complications-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#20
Edwina Chan, Teresa Neeman, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND: Studies of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related complications are inconsistent and sometimes have insufficient patient follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for ERCP-related events, leading to hospitalization in the case of outpatients and prolonged hospital stay in the case of inpatients, using assiduous follow-up and contemporaneous recording of data. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 1000 consecutive ERCP procedures performed by a single endoscopist at a tertiary referral centre in Canberra, Australia, were studied and the complications evaluated...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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