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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774157/risk-assessment-of-choledocholithiasis-prior-to-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-and-its-management-options
#1
Ausra Aleknaite, Gintaras Simutis, Juozas Stanaitis, Jonas Valantinas, Kestutis Strupas
Background: Accurate risk evaluation of choledocholithiasis prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy is essential to determine optimal management strategy. Objective: Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of separate predictors and Vilnius University Hospital Index (VUHI = A/30 + 0.4 × B; A = total bilirubin concentration (µmol/l), B = common bile duct (CBD) diameter (mm) measured by ultrasound) diagnosing choledocholithiasis and to assess different management strategies (cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP))...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774089/different-options-of-endosonography-guided-biliary-drainage-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-failure
#2
José Celso Ardengh, César Vivian Lopes, Rafael Kemp, José Sebastião Dos Santos
AIM: To investigate the success rates of endosonography (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) techniques after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure for management of biliary obstruction. METHODS: From Feb/2010 to Dec/2016, ERCP was performed in 3538 patients, 24 of whom (0.68%) suffered failure to cannulate the biliary tree. All of these patients were initially submitted to EUS-guided rendez-vous (EUS-RV) by means of a transhepatic approach...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767390/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-choledocholithiasis-in-long-term-dialysis-a-propensity-score-analysis
#3
Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies evaluating the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis reported an increased risk of post-procedural bleeding. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ERCP for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with ESRD undergoing long-term dialysis. METHODS: A total of 3466 patients who underwent ERCP due to choledocholithiasis between January 2000 and Feb 2018 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761149/how-spyglass%C3%A2-may-impact-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-practice-and-patient-management
#4
Pedro Pereira, Filipe Vilas-Boas, Armando Peixoto, Patrícia Andrade, Joanne Lopes, Guilherme Macedo
Introduction: Cholangiopancreatoscopy with SpyGlass™ Direct Visualization System (SGDVS) is being used in specialized centers for improving the sensitivity of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with indeterminate pancreatobiliary strictures (PBS). The aims of this study were to report our initial experience with SGDVS in the evaluation of indeterminate PBS, and discuss the improvements of ERCP brought by this technique in our center. Methods: The usefulness of SGDVS in patients with indeterminate PBS (defined after nondiagnostic previous ERCP with brush cytology) was evaluated in a prospective observational cohort study conducted at a single tertiary biliopancreatic unit...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755786/laparoscopic-assisted-transgastric-ercp-a-single-institution-experience
#5
Katherine Habenicht Yancey, Lauren Katherine McCormack, Stephen Samuel McNatt, Myron Sheavictor Powell, Adolfo Zachariah Fernandez, Carl Joseph Westcott
Background: Laparoscopic-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LAERCP) is used for treatment in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), where transoral access to the biliary tree is not possible. We describe our technique and experience with this procedure. Methods: Electronic medical record search was performed from September 2012 to January 2016, identifying patients who underwent LAERCP per operative records. Charts were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcomes data...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741240/follow-up-magnetic-resonance-imaging-3d-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-challenging-for-experts-to-interpret
#6
R Zenouzi, T Liwinski, J Yamamura, C Weiler-Normann, M Sebode, S Keller, A W Lohse, C Schramm
BACKGROUND: In patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is performed by many centres, particularly for the early detection of biliary malignancies and strictures. Clinically meaningful MRI-based definitions of primary sclerosing cholangitis related complications are, however, lacking. AIM: To investigate how primary sclerosing cholangitis experts interpret follow-up MRI/MRCP with a focus on conclusions that may impact clinical decision-making in primary sclerosing cholangitis...
May 9, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722146/prevention-of-post-sphincterotomy-bleeding-by-proton-pump-inhibitor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Wai K Leung, David Yk But, S Y Wong, Teresa Sm Tong, Kevin Sh Liu, Ka-Shing Cheung, Simon Hy Tsang, Kenneth Sh Chok, Ronnie Tp Poon, Ivan Fn Hung
AIM: Post-sphincterotomy (EST) bleeding is one of the most frequent complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although the use of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) has been shown to reduce the risk of peptic ulcer bleeding, the role of PPI in preventing EST bleeding has not been evaluated. This study determined the role of pre-emptive PPI in patients undergoing EST. METHODS: It was an investigator-initiated open-label randomized study. Consecutive patients who were scheduled to have ERCP and EST were enrolled...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716451/pancreaticopleural-fistula-a-rare-cause-of-pleural-empyema
#8
Wies Vanderbruggen, Vicky Dhooghe, Bart Bracke, Vera Hartman, Geert Roeyen, Dirk Ysebaert, Paul Van Schil, Thiery Chapelle
AIM: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute or chronic pancreatitis. When the pancreatic duct disrupts, pancreatic fluid may leak into the retroperitoneum and fistulate into the pleural cavity. Patients usually present with thoracic complaints, making it hard to suspect an abdominal etiology. Although PPF is uncommon, one must consider this diagnosis in patients with thoracic complaints and a history of alcohol abuse or pancreatitis. METHODS: We present an illustrative case and review of the literature on PPF...
May 2, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688094/temporary-fc-sems-for-type-ii-ercp-related-perforations-a-case-series-from-two-referral-centers-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Alberto Tringali, Margherita Pizzicanella, Gianluca Andrisani, Marcello Cintolo, Cesare Hassan, Douglas Adler, Lorenzo Dioscoridi, Monica Pandolfi, Massimiliano Mutignani, Francesco Di Matteo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Some case reports have shown that fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FC-SEMS) are effective in cases of Stapfer Type II perforation as rescue treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of temporary placement of FC-SEMS as primary treatment for Type II perforations and review the literature regarding the use of FC-SEMS in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with Type II perforation treated with immediate placement of FC-SEMS...
April 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687343/trans-gastric-ercp-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Emanuele Rausa, Daniele Bernardi, Gianluca Bonitta, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Trans-oral endoscopic access to the pancreaticobiliary system is challenging after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Trans-gastric ERCP (TG-ERCP) has emerged as a viable option to manage patients with symptomatic post-RYBG choledocolithiasis. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the outcomes of TG-ERCP to better define the risk-benefit ratio of this procedure and to guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify all reports on ERCP after RYGB...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683996/biliary-drainage-in-patients-with-failed-ercp-percutaneous-versus-eus-guided-drainage
#11
Félix I Téllez-Ávila, David Herrera-Mora, Gilberto Duarte-Medrano, Gustavo Lopez-Arce, Dayana Lindoro-Barraza, Iván Casanova, Javier Elizondo-Rivera, Miguel Ramírez-Luna, Francisco Valdovinos-Andraca
AIM: The goal of the study is to compare the efficacy and safety of bile duct drains guided by endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EGBD) versus percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective comparative study. Patients with obstruction of the bile duct who underwent the EGBD or PTBD procedure and had at least 1 previous endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography that failed or was inaccessible to the second duodenal portion were included...
April 21, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676951/laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-use-of-a-rigid-ureteroscope-a-single-institute-experience
#12
Imraan I Sardiwalla, Modise Z Koto, Neha Kumar, Moses A Balabyeki
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is used to treat choledocholithiasis. Flexible choledochoscopy is usually performed; however, this instrument is fragile and liable to breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected and reviewed retrospectively from a prospectively maintained database. All cases of attempted LCBDE with the rigid ureteroscope at the institution since January 2014 were included. Demographic characteristics, preoperative attempted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), size of the bile duct, findings at laparoscopy, use of drain or T-tube, conversions, and morbidity or mortality were documented...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672294/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledocho-enterostomy-by-using-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-in-patients-with-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-literature-review
#13
Deepanshu Jain, Manan Shah, Upen Patel, Abhinav Sharma, Shashideep Singhal
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been the cornerstone in the management of malignant jaundice to provide symptomatic relief and/or to allow chemotherapy. Difficult biliary cannulation or the presence of concomitant duodenal obstruction may lead to its failure. METHOD: An extensive English literature search was done via PubMed and Google Scholar to identify 13 peer-reviewed original articles. RESULTS: Of 92 patients, 98...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669766/rare-case-of-hepatic-haematoma-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#14
Teresa Vieira Caroço, João Mendes Louro, Maria Inês Coelho, Carlos Eduardo Costa Almeida
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a commonly used diagnostic and therapeutic technique but it is not free of complications. Subcapsular hepatic haematoma is a rare but potentially fatal complication. A 71-years-old male patient resorted to the emergency department 36 hours after an uneventful ERCP presenting with severe abdominal pain and haemoglobin drop. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan diagnosed a subcapsular hepatic haematoma. The patient was haemodynamically normal and was successfully treated with a conservative management...
April 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667417/review-of-duodenal-perforations-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-hospital-puerta-de-hierro-from-1999-to-2014
#15
Elena Jiménez Cubedo, Javier López Monclús, José Luis Lucena de la Poza, Natalia González Alcolea, Pablo Calvo Espino, Arturo García Pavia, Victor Sánchez Turrión
INTRODUCTION: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) remains the gold standard in biliary and pancreatic pathology. Although the procedure has a significant morbidity and mortality rate. Algorithms are needed for the management and treatment of the associated complications. OBJECTIVE: to review the post-ERCP perforations treated in the Department of General Surgery of the Hospital Puerta de Hierro from 1999 to 2014. The results were evaluated according to the types of perforation and treatment...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658650/endoscopic-management-of-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#16
REVIEW
Yousuke Nakai, Hirofumi Kogure, Atsuo Yamada, Hiroyuki Isayama, Kazuhiko Koike
Bile duct stones in patients with surgically altered anatomy still pose a challenge to endoscopists. For successful endoscopic management of bile duct stones, there are multiple hurdles: Intubation to the afferent limb, biliary cannulation, ampullary intervention and stone extraction. The major advancement in this area is the development of dedicated device-assisted endoscopes for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). In patients with Billroth II reconstruction, a high technical success rate is reported using a duodenoscope but can be complicated by a potentially high perforation rate...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628337/long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-papillary-balloon-dilation-for-removal-of-bile-duct-stones-in-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-patients
#17
Tao Li, Jun Wen, Li-Ke Bie, Yi Lu, Biao Gong
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) for common bile duct (CBD) stones removal in Billroth II gastrectomy patients is feasible. However, the long-term outcomes of this technique are not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the procedural and long-term outcomes of EPBD for removal of CBD stones in Billroth II gastrectomy patients. METHODS: The records of patients with previous Billroth II gastrectomy referred for CBD stones removal with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) between July 1, 2008 and September 1, 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 29, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625836/restoration-of-common-bile-duct-diameter-within-2-weeks-after-endoscopic-stone-retraction-is-a-preventive-factor-for-stone-recurrence
#18
Jin Jeon, Sung Uk Lim, Chang-Hwan Park, Chung-Hwan Jun, Seon-Young Park, Jong-Sun Rew
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about the relationship between restoration of common bile duct (CBD) diameter after endoscopic stone retraction and recurrence of CBD stones in elderly patients. The present study was to determine whether restoration of CBD diameter is a preventive factor for CBD stone recurrence in elderly patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2010, 238 patients underwent the first and the second session of ERCP for the removal of CBD stones...
March 24, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620654/successful-endoscopic-removal-of-a-rare-large-impacted-pancreatic-duct-stone-using-grasping-forceps-a-case-report-with-video
#19
Qin Liu, Yiping Wang, Hongze Zeng, Bing Hu
RATIONALE: As a main complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP), pancreatic duct stones (PDSs) are often associated with ductal obstruction resulting in increasing intraductal and parenchymal pressure and long-lasting pain. There are many methods for removing PDSs. However, for large stones, it is technically difficult to remove them entirely by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 57-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of severe epigastric pain radiating to his back 3 or 4 times annually for 2 years...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606135/fluid-hydration-to-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis-in-average-to-high-risk-patients-receiving-prophylactic-rectal-nsaids-fluyt-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Xavier J N M Smeets, David W da Costa, Paul Fockens, Chris J J Mulder, Robin Timmer, Wietske Kievit, Marieke Zegers, Marco J Bruno, Marc G H Besselink, Frank P Vleggaar, Rene W M van der Hulst, Alexander C Poen, Gerbrand D N Heine, Niels G Venneman, Jeroen J Kolkman, Lubbertus C Baak, Tessa E H Römkens, Sven M van Dijk, Nora D L Hallensleben, Wim van de Vrie, Tom C J Seerden, Adriaan C I T L Tan, Annet M C J Voorburg, Jan-Werner Poley, Ben J Witteman, Abha Bhalla, Muhammed Hadithi, Willem J Thijs, Matthijs P Schwartz, Jan Maarten Vrolijk, Robert C Verdonk, Foke van Delft, Yolande Keulemans, Harry van Goor, Joost P H Drenth, Erwin J M van Geenen
BACKGROUND: Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of ERCP and may run a severe course. Evidence suggests that vigorous periprocedural hydration can prevent PEP, but studies to date have significant methodological drawbacks. Importantly, evidence for its added value in patients already receiving prophylactic rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is lacking and the cost-effectiveness of the approach has not been investigated...
April 2, 2018: Trials
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