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inspiratory muscle training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181684/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#1
REVIEW
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Pernille P Johansen, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Rod S Taylor, Jesper H Svendsen, Selina K Berg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation may benefit adults with atrial fibrillation or those who had been treated for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is caused by multiple micro re-entry circuits within the atrial tissue, which result in chaotic rapid activity in the atria. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based rehabilitation programmes, alone or with another intervention, compared with no-exercise training controls in adults who currently have AF, or have been treated for AF...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174465/association-between-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-reduction-of-arterial-blood-pressure-levels-after-aerobic-training-in-hypertensive-subjects
#2
Giovane Galdino, Andreia Maria Silva, José Angelo Bogão, Marcos Paulo Braz de Oliveira, Hayslenne Andressa Gonçalves de Oliveira Araújo, Maísa Sodoco Oliveira, Ana Clara Desiderio Maldonado, Herick Ulisses de Oliveira, Juliana Bassalobre Carvalho Borges
[Purpose] The purpose of present study was associate the increase of respiratory muscle strength with blood pressure levels in hypertensive subjects who underwent an aerobic exercise program. [Subjects and Methods] 90 hypertensive subjects were divided in two groups: intervention and control. All participants had an interview with a physiotherapist and were evaluated by 6-minute walk test, maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure, heart rate, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, before and after the 8 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169983/effect-of-preoperative-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-alveolar-arterial-oxygen-gradients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#3
Khalid Turky, Amera M Abdelaziz Afify
PURPOSE: Gas exchange abnormalities and inspiratory muscle dysfunction are common postoperative pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the alveolar arterial oxygen gradients and inspiratory muscle power after preoperative inspiratory muscle training (IMT) followed by postoperative IMT and early mobilization after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 20) or the usual care group (n = 20)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159632/respiratory-and-locomotor-muscle-implications-on-the-vo2-slow-component-and-the-vo2-excess-in-young-trained-cyclists
#4
Ferid Oueslati, Jan Boone, Zouhair Tabka, Said Ahmaidi
We investigated the impact of ramp and constant-load exercise on (i) respiratory muscle fatigue and locomotor muscle oxygenation, (ii) their relationship with the excess VO2 and VO2 slow component (SC). Fourteen male cyclists performed two tests to exhaustion: an incremental ramp and a constant-load exercise with continuous monitoring of expired gases and oxygenation of the vastus lateralis muscle on two separate days. Maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) pressure measurements were taken at rest and post- exercise...
January 31, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137487/inspiratory-muscle-training-during-rehabilitation-in-successfully-weaned-hypercapnic-patients-with-copd
#5
Dominic Dellweg, Karina Reissig, Ekkehard Hoehn, Karsten Siemon, Peter Haidl
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) added to rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who remain hypercapnic and use non-invasive ventilation after successful weaning. METHODS: Patients received rehabilitation and were randomized to inspiratory muscle or sham training for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was distance walked within 6 min. Secondary outcomes were inspiratory muscle strength, endurance, lung function, and blood gas levels...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109941/maximal-inspiratory-mouth-pressure-in-japanese-elite-female-athletes
#6
Toshiyuki Ohya, Masahiro Hagiwara, Kentaro Chino, Yasuhiro Suzuki
Maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (MIP) is a common measurement of inspiratory muscle strength, which is often used in a variety of exercises to evaluate the effects of inspiratory muscle training. The characteristics of MIP in elite female athletes remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of MIP at rest in a variety of sport-specific elite female athletes. We also aimed to clarify if there is a sex difference of MIP in elite athletes. We studied 169 Japanese elite female athletes and 301 Japanese elite male athletes...
January 18, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093920/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-effective-to-reduce-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Filipa Kendall, José Oliveira, Bárbara Peleteiro, Paulo Pinho, Pedro Teixeira Bastos
PURPOSE: This study systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and length of hospital stay (LOS), both in the preoperative and/or postoperative periods of cardiac, pulmonary, and abdominal surgical patients. Sensitive analysis was performed to examine which patients benefit more from IMT according to methodological features (quality of studies and sample size), patient's characteristics (pulmonary risk stratification, age, and body mass index), type of surgery, period of training, and training protocols (training doses and level of supervision)...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032568/seven-day-intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-for-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yutian Lai, Jian Huang, Mei Yang, Jianhua Su, Jing Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment, preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been studied in depth. However, few studies have assessed the relationship between advanced age and a shorter term intensive pattern of preoperative PR in patients with lung cancer (LC) and especially those patients waiting for therapeutic LC surgeries. This study investigated short-term preoperative PR combined with inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and aerobic endurance training in elderly patients scheduled to undergo LC lobectomy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982348/a-cycle-ergometer-exercise-program-improves-exercise-capacity-and-inspiratory-muscle-function-in-hospitalized-patients-awaiting-heart-transplantation-a-pilot-study
#9
Patrícia Forestieri, Solange Guizilini, Monique Peres, Caroline Bublitz, Douglas W Bolzan, Isadora S Rocco, Vinícius B Santos, Rita Simone L Moreira, João R Breda, Dirceu R de Almeida, Antonio Carlos de C Carvalho, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a cycle ergometer exercise program on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle function in hospitalized patients with heart failure awaiting heart transplantation with intravenous inotropic support. Methods: Patients awaiting heart transplantation were randomized and allocated prospectively into two groups: 1) Control Group (n=11) - conventional protocol; and 2) Intervention Group (n=7) - stationary cycle ergometer exercise training...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908251/effects-of-an-outpatient-service-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-an-observational-study
#10
Maurizio Bussotti, Paola Gremigni, Roberto Fe Pedretti, Patrycja Kransinska, Silvia Di Marco, Paola Corbo, Giovanni Marchese, Paolo Totaro, Marinella Sommaruga
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease characterised by a severe impairment of functional status and quality of life (QoL). Use of rehabilitative programmes may help to improve outcomes. The aim of this pre/post test case series was to evaluate the impact of a training program, including sessions of aerobic and resistance exercise, inspiratory muscle reinforcement, slow breathing, relaxation, and psychological support, on functional outcomes. METHODS: Fifteen patients affected by PAH, in World Health Organization (WHO) Functional Class (FC) II or III and in stable clinical condition, were included in a 4-week cardiorespiratory training programme conducted in outpatient service...
November 30, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904541/effect-of-eight-week-aerobic-resistive-and-interval-exercise-routines-on-respiratory-parameters-in-non-athlete-women
#11
Vahan Moradians, Alireza Rahimi, Seyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Fateme Sadat Sahebkar Khorasani, Ali Mazaherinejad, Masoud Mortezazade, Hanieh Raji
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies about the effects of physical activity on pulmonary function in normal population. However, it seems that strengthening and persevering respiratory muscles is an effective technique for improving pulmonary function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of eight-week aerobic, resistance, and interval exercise routines on respiratory parameters in non-athlete women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six non-athlete women between 18-25 years old participated in this prospective quasi-experimental trial...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881723/intraspinal-microstimulation-and-diaphragm-activation-after-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#12
L M Mercier, E J Gonzalez-Rothi, K A Streeter, S S Posgai, A S Poirier, D D Fuller, P J Reier, D M Baekey
Intraspinal microstimulation (ISMS) using implanted electrodes can evoke locomotor movements after spinal cord injury (SCI) but has not been explored in the context of respiratory motor output. An advantage over epidural and direct muscle stimulation is the potential of ISMS to selectively stimulate components of the spinal respiratory network. The present study tested the hypothesis that medullary respiratory activity could be used to trigger midcervical ISMS and diaphragm motor unit activation in rats with cervical SCI...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874942/breathing-training-on-lower-esophageal-sphincter-as-a-complementary-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd-a-systematic-review
#13
M Casale, L Sabatino, A Moffa, F Capuano, V Luccarelli, M Vitali, M Ribolsi, M Cicala, F Salvinelli
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, but is still a challenge to cure. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are currently the GERD's standard treatment, although not successful in all patients; some concerns have been raised regarding their long term consumption. Recently, some studies showed the benefits of inspiratory muscle training in increasing the lower esophageal sphincter pressure in patients affected by GERD, thereby reducing their symptoms...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862675/the-physiotherapist-and-the-esophageal-cancer-patient-from-prehabilitation-to-rehabilitation
#14
REVIEW
E M Guinan, J Dowds, C Donohoe, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy often treated with multimodal interventions and complex surgical resection. As treatment moves to centers of excellence with emphasis on enhanced recovery approaches, the role of the physiotherapist has expanded. The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale behind both the evolving prehabilitative role of the physiotherapist and more established postoperative interventions for patients with esophageal cancer. While a weak association between preoperative cardiopulmonary fitness and post-esophagectomy outcome is reported, cardiotoxicity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may heighten postoperative risk...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822031/effects-of-aerobic-training-combined-with-respiratory-muscle-stretching-on-the-functional-exercise-capacity-and-thoracoabdominal-kinematics-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#15
Juliano T Wada, Erickson Borges-Santos, Desiderio Cano Porras, Denise M Paisani, Alberto Cukier, Adriana C Lunardi, Celso Rf Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD present a major recruitment of the inspiratory muscles, predisposing to chest incoordination, increasing the degree of dyspnea and impairing their exercise capacity. Stretching techniques could decrease the respiratory muscle activity and improve their contractile capacity; however, the systemic effects of stretching remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic training combined with respiratory muscle stretching on functional exercise capacity and thoracoabdominal kinematics in patients with COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821939/the-correlation-of-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-cough-capacity-in-stroke-patients
#16
Myeong-Rae Jo, Nan-Soo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between respiratory muscle strength and cough capacity in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-two stroke patients were assigned to 2 different groups (intervention group=21, control group=21). Both groups participated in a conventional stroke rehabilitation program, with the intervention group also receiving respiratory muscle training for 20 to 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Respiratory muscle strength (maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure), forced vital capacity, and cough capacity were measured...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821930/effects-of-fast-expiration-exercises-without-pressure-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-of-healthy-subjects
#17
Hiroshi Ishida, Yuri Kuramoto, Daiki Ikeda, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of 4 weeks of fast expiration exercises performed without pressure on respiratory muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory muscle strength of the training group that performed fast expiration exercises (n=12) was compared with that of a control group that performed no exercises (n=12). The fast expiration exercises were performed using a peak expiratory flow meter device and consisted of 20 fast expiration exercises performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687560/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-upper-airway-muscles-during-sleep-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#18
Eric Rousseau, Cesar Augusto Melo-Silva, Simon Gakwaya, Frédéric Sériès
We tested the hypothesis that stimulating the genioglossus by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) during the ascendant portion of the inspiratory flow of airflow-limited breaths would sustain the recruitment of upper airway dilator muscles over time and improve airway dynamics without arousing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. In a cross-sectional design, 9 OSA patients underwent a rTMS trial during stable non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Submental muscle motor threshold (SUBMT) and motor-evoked potential were evaluated during wakefulness and sleep...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676906/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-impact-of-a-physical-rehabilitation-program-performed-at-home-on-the-exercise-capacity
#19
Thomas Péron, Raphaëlle Plassat
OBJECTIVE: The "Centre médical & pédagogique (CM&P) de Rennes-Beaulieu" prepares adolescents for surgical treatment of their idiopathic scoliosis (IS). This surgery has respiratory short-term consequences to the forefront of immediate complications. Two years after the surgery, the ventilatory status is correlated to preoperative pulmonary function. The objective of the present work is to evaluate the effects of our preparation program. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight teenagers followed our at home preparation program, including aerobic training, inspiratory muscle training and chest mobilizations during 2 months...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638058/efficacy-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-as-a-practical-and-minimally-intrusive-technique-to-aid-functional-fitness-among-adults-with-obesity
#20
A M Edwards, D Graham, S Bloxham, G P Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) as a non-intrusive and practical intervention to stimulate improved functional fitness in adults with obesity. As excess adiposity of the chest impedes the mechanics of breathing, targeted re-training of the inspiratory muscles may ameliorate sensations of breathlessness, improve physical performance and lead to greater engagement in physical activity. METHODS: Sixty seven adults (BMI=36 ±6...
September 13, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
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