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inspiratory muscle training

Eric Rousseau, Cesar Augusto Melo-Silva, Simon Gakwaya, Frédéric Sériès
We tested the hypothesis that stimulating the genioglossus by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) during the ascendant portion of the inspiratory flow of airflow-limited breaths would sustain the recruitment of upper airway dilator muscles over time and improve airway dynamics without arousing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. In a cross-sectional design, 9 OSA patients underwent a rTMS trial during stable non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Submental muscle motor threshold (SUBMT) and motor-evoked potential were evaluated during wakefulness and sleep...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Thomas Péron, Raphaëlle Plassat
OBJECTIVE: The "Centre médical & pédagogique (CM&P) de Rennes-Beaulieu" prepares adolescents for surgical treatment of their idiopathic scoliosis (IS). This surgery has respiratory short-term consequences to the forefront of immediate complications. Two years after the surgery, the ventilatory status is correlated to preoperative pulmonary function. The objective of the present work is to evaluate the effects of our preparation program. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight teenagers followed our at home preparation program, including aerobic training, inspiratory muscle training and chest mobilizations during 2 months...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
A M Edwards, D Graham, S Bloxham, G P Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) as a non-intrusive and practical intervention to stimulate improved functional fitness in adults with obesity. As excess adiposity of the chest impedes the mechanics of breathing, targeted re-training of the inspiratory muscles may ameliorate sensations of breathlessness, improve physical performance and lead to greater engagement in physical activity. METHODS: Sixty seven adults (BMI=36 ±6...
September 13, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Po-Cheng Chen, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yi-Jung Hsin, Yung-Che Chen, Shyh-Ming Chen, Meng-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary function can be adversely affected after a cerebrovascular accident in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for stroke patients with CHF. METHODS: A prospective randomized single-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan between May 2011 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were enrolled, of whom 21 completed the study (IMT group n = 11 and control group n = 10)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ximena Navarro, Darwin Gatica, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory muscle training is the most commonly used method to revert respiratory muscle weakness; however, the effect of protocols based on non-respiratory maneuvers has not been adequately studied in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to establish the effect of abdominal muscle training on respiratory muscle strength and forced expiratory flows in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This was a quasi-experiment. The sample was made up of healthy adolescents divided into two groups: an experimental group who completed eight weeks of active abdominal muscle training, and an equivalent control group...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Lu-Qian Zhou, Xiao-Ying Li, Yun Li, Bing-Peng Guo, Li-Li Guan, Xin Chen, Yu-Wen Luo, Peng Luo, Rong-Chang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This investigator-initiated randomized, controlled trial recruited 88 patients with stable GOLD stage IV COPD, who were randomized into 4 equal groups to continue oxygen therapy (control group) or to receive inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (IMT-NPPV group), inspiratory muscle training only (IMT group), or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation only (NPPV group) for at least 8 weeks...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
K Valkenet, J C A Trappenburg, E H Hulzebos, N L U van Meeteren, F J G Backx
OBJECTIVES: Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study investigated if this decrease acted as a mediator on the time course of quality of life. DESIGN: Complementary analyses of a published randomised controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The initial trial included patients awaiting CABG surgery at a Dutch university hospital...
April 16, 2016: Physiotherapy
André Luiz Lisboa Cordeiro, Thiago Araújo de Melo, Daniela Neves, Julianne Luna, Mateus Souza Esquivel, André Raimundo França Guimarães, Daniel Lago Borges, Jefferson Petto
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery is a highly complex procedure which generates worsening of lung function and decreased inspiratory muscle strength. The inspiratory muscle training becomes effective for muscle strengthening and can improve functional capacity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of inspiratory muscle training on functional capacity submaximal and inspiratory muscle strength in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a clinical randomized controlled trial with patients undergoing cardiac surgery at Instituto Nobre de Cardiologia...
April 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Alex R Burtch, Ben T Ogle, Patrick A Sims, Craig A Harms, Thorburn B Symons, Rodney J Folz, Gerald S Zavorsky
Controlled frequency breathing (CFB) is a common swim training modality involving holding one's breath for about 7 to 10 strokes before taking another breath. We sought to examine the effects of CFB training on reducing respiratory muscle fatigue. Competitive college swimmers were randomly divided into either the CFB group that breathed every 7 to 10 strokes, or a control group that breathed every 3-4 strokes. Twenty swimmers completed the study. The training intervention included 5-6 weeks (16 sessions) of 12x50-m repetitions with breathing 8-10 breaths per 50m (control group), or 2-3 breaths per 50-m (CFB group)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Simone Regina Posser, Carine Cristina Callegaro, Marina Beltrami-Moreira, Leila Beltrami Moreira
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a complex chronic condition characterized by elevated arterial blood pressure. Management of hypertension includes non-pharmacologic strategies, which may include techniques that effectively reduce autonomic sympathetic activity. Respiratory exercises improve autonomic control over cardiovascular system and attenuate muscle metaboreflex. Because of these effects, respiratory exercises may be useful to lower blood pressure in subjects with hypertension. METHODS/DESIGN: This randomized, double-blind clinical trial will test the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training in reducing blood pressure in adults with essential hypertension...
2016: Trials
(no author information available yet)
dos Santos Silva M, Ramos LR, Tufik S, Togeiro SM, Lopes GS. Influence of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Changes in Fasting Hyperglycemia in the Older Adult: The Epidoso Project. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2015;9:1352-1353.(Original DOI: 10.1177/1932296815599006)In the above article, published in Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology on July 2015, has incorrectly informed that professor Dr Guiomar Silva Lopes is related to the Preventine Medicine Department of Federal University of São Paulo. In fact, on the date of its submission and publication, the aforementioned professor was a member of Nursing Department of Federal University of São Paulo...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Barbara K Smith, A Daniel Martin, Lee Ann Lawson, Valerie Vernot, Jordan Marcus, Saleem Islam, Nadeem Shafi, Manuela Corti, Shelley W Collins, Barry J Byrne
Pompe disease is an inherited disorder due to a mutation in the gene that encodes acid α-glucosidase (GAA). Children with infantile-onset Pompe disease develop progressive hypotonic weakness and cardiopulmonary insufficiency that may eventually require mechanical ventilation (MV). Our team conducted a first in human trial of diaphragmatic gene therapy (AAV1-CMV-GAA) to treat respiratory neural dysfunction in infantile-onset Pompe. Subjects (aged 2-15years, full-time MV: n=5, partial/no MV: n=4) underwent a period of preoperative inspiratory muscle conditioning exercise...
July 21, 2016: Experimental Neurology
Ioannis D Laoutaris, Stamatis Adamopoulos, Athanassios Manginas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Dennis V Cokkinos, Athanasios Dritsas
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that the ability to sustain maximal inspiratory pressure (SPImax) over time as a measure of work capacity may be more severely affected than inspiratory muscle strength (PImax) in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated eighty patients with HF, NYHA II/III/ ambulatoryIV and a (mean±SD) LVEF 27±8%, and compared them to 25 healthy subjects (HS). During a maximal inspiratory manoeuvre from residual volume (RV) to total lung capacity, PImax was measured as the maximum mouth pressure at RV, inspiratory contraction time (ICT) as the time from RV to end of inspiration and SPImax as the area under a pressure-time curve using an electronic pressure manometer with designed-purpose software (Trainair(®), Project Electronics Ltd...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Jonathan Moran, Emer Guinan, Paul McCormick, John Larkin, David Mockler, Juliette Hussey, Jeanne Moriarty, Fiona Wilson
BACKGROUND: Preoperative physical fitness is predictive of postoperative outcome. Patients with lesser aerobic capacity are at greater risk of postoperative complications, longer hospital stays, and mortality. Prehabilitation may improve physical fitness, but it is unknown whether enhanced fitness translates to an improvement in postoperative outcome. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the ability of prehabilitation to influence postoperative outcome after intra-abdominal operations...
July 7, 2016: Surgery
Maíra Florentino Pessoa, Daniela Cunha Brandão, Rafaela Barros de Sá, Jacqueline de Melo Barcelar, Taciano Dias de Souza Rocha, Helga Cecília Muniz de Souza, Armele Dornelas de Andrade
BACKGROUND: Aging affects respiratory strength that could cause reduction in functional capacity and quality of life, playing a fundamental role in healthy aging and survival. To prevent these declines, the whole body vibration (WBV) has been proposed to increase strength and functional capacity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of WBV on respiratory muscle strength, thoracoabdominal ventilation, and quality of life in the elderly adults. METHODS: This study was a controlled, randomized double-blind clinical trial...
July 6, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Martin R Lindley, Mark Faghy, Heidi Sowter, Timothy D Mickleborough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Mark A Faghy, Martin R Lindley, Peter Ian Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Toshiyuki Ohya, Ryo Yamanaka, Masahiro Hagiwara, Marie Oriishi, Yasuhiro Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Andrew H Ramsook, Yannick Molgat-Seon, Michele R Schaeffer, Nafeez Syed, Sabrina S Wilkie, Lee M Romer, Pat G Camp, W Darlene Reid, Jordan A Guenette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kênia Kp Menezes, Lucas R Nascimento, Louise Ada, Janaine C Polese, Patrick R Avelino, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
QUESTION: After stroke, does respiratory muscle training increase respiratory muscle strength and/or endurance? Are any benefits carried over to activity and/or participation? Does it reduce respiratory complications? DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised or quasi-randomised trials. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with respiratory muscle weakness following stroke. INTERVENTION: Respiratory muscle training aimed at increasing inspiratory and/or expiratory muscle strength...
July 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
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