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inspiratory muscle training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908251/effects-of-an-outpatient-service-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-an-observational-study
#1
Maurizio Bussotti, Paola Gremigni, Roberto Fe Pedretti, Patrycja Kransinska, Silvia Di Marco, Paola Corbo, Giovanni Marchese, Paolo Totaro, Marinella Sommaruga
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease characterised by a severe impairment of functional status and quality of life (QoL). Use of rehabilitative programmes may help to improve outcomes. The aim of this pre/post test case series was to evaluate the impact of a training program, including sessions of aerobic and resistance exercise, inspiratory muscle reinforcement, slow breathing, relaxation, and psychological support, on functional outcomes. METHODS: Fifteen patients affected by PAH, in World Health Organization (WHO) Functional Class (FC) II or III and in stable clinical condition, were included in a 4-week cardiorespiratory training programme conducted in outpatient service...
November 30, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904541/effect-of-eight-week-aerobic-resistive-and-interval-exercise-routines-on-respiratory-parameters-in-non-athlete-women
#2
Vahan Moradians, Alireza Rahimi, Seyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Fateme Sadat Sahebkar Khorasani, Ali Mazaherinejad, Masoud Mortezazade, Hanieh Raji
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies about the effects of physical activity on pulmonary function in normal population. However, it seems that strengthening and persevering respiratory muscles is an effective technique for improving pulmonary function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of eight-week aerobic, resistance, and interval exercise routines on respiratory parameters in non-athlete women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six non-athlete women between 18-25 years old participated in this prospective quasi-experimental trial...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881723/intraspinal-microstimulation-and-diaphragm-activation-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Lynne M Mercier, Elisa J Gonzalez-Rothi, Kristi A Streeter, Savannah S Posgai, Alexander S Poirier, David D Fuller, Paul J Reier, David M Baekey
Intraspinal microstimulation (ISMS), using implanted electrodes, can evoke locomotor movements after spinal cord injury (SCI), but has not been explored in the context of respiratory motor output. An advantage over epidural and direct muscle stimulation is the potential of ISMS to selectively stimulate components of the spinal respiratory network. The present study tested the hypothesis that medullary respiratory activity could be used to trigger mid-cervical ISMS and diaphragm motor unit activation in rats with cervical SCI...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874942/breathing-training-on-lower-esophageal-sphincter-as-a-complementary-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd-a-systematic-review
#4
M Casale, L Sabatino, A Moffa, F Capuano, V Luccarelli, M Vitali, M Ribolsi, M Cicala, F Salvinelli
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, but is still a challenge to cure. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are currently the GERD's standard treatment, although not successful in all patients; some concerns have been raised regarding their long term consumption. Recently, some studies showed the benefits of inspiratory muscle training in increasing the lower esophageal sphincter pressure in patients affected by GERD, thereby reducing their symptoms...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862675/the-physiotherapist-and-the-esophageal-cancer-patient-from-prehabilitation-to-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
E M Guinan, J Dowds, C Donohoe, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy often treated with multimodal interventions and complex surgical resection. As treatment moves to centers of excellence with emphasis on enhanced recovery approaches, the role of the physiotherapist has expanded. The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale behind both the evolving prehabilitative role of the physiotherapist and more established postoperative interventions for patients with esophageal cancer. While a weak association between preoperative cardiopulmonary fitness and post-esophagectomy outcome is reported, cardiotoxicity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may heighten postoperative risk...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822031/effects-of-aerobic-training-combined-with-respiratory-muscle-stretching-on-the-functional-exercise-capacity-and-thoracoabdominal-kinematics-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#6
Juliano T Wada, Erickson Borges-Santos, Desiderio Cano Porras, Denise M Paisani, Alberto Cukier, Adriana C Lunardi, Celso Rf Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD present a major recruitment of the inspiratory muscles, predisposing to chest incoordination, increasing the degree of dyspnea and impairing their exercise capacity. Stretching techniques could decrease the respiratory muscle activity and improve their contractile capacity; however, the systemic effects of stretching remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic training combined with respiratory muscle stretching on functional exercise capacity and thoracoabdominal kinematics in patients with COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821939/the-correlation-of-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-cough-capacity-in-stroke-patients
#7
Myeong-Rae Jo, Nan-Soo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between respiratory muscle strength and cough capacity in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-two stroke patients were assigned to 2 different groups (intervention group=21, control group=21). Both groups participated in a conventional stroke rehabilitation program, with the intervention group also receiving respiratory muscle training for 20 to 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Respiratory muscle strength (maximal inspiratory pressure, maximal expiratory pressure), forced vital capacity, and cough capacity were measured...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821930/effects-of-fast-expiration-exercises-without-pressure-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-of-healthy-subjects
#8
Hiroshi Ishida, Yuri Kuramoto, Daiki Ikeda, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of 4 weeks of fast expiration exercises performed without pressure on respiratory muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory muscle strength of the training group that performed fast expiration exercises (n=12) was compared with that of a control group that performed no exercises (n=12). The fast expiration exercises were performed using a peak expiratory flow meter device and consisted of 20 fast expiration exercises performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687560/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-upper-airway-muscles-during-sleep-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#9
Eric Rousseau, Cesar Augusto Melo-Silva, Simon Gakwaya, Frédéric Sériès
We tested the hypothesis that stimulating the genioglossus by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) during the ascendant portion of the inspiratory flow of airflow-limited breaths would sustain the recruitment of upper airway dilator muscles over time and improve airway dynamics without arousing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. In a cross-sectional design, 9 OSA patients underwent a rTMS trial during stable non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Submental muscle motor threshold (SUBMT) and motor-evoked potential were evaluated during wakefulness and sleep...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676906/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-impact-of-a-physical-rehabilitation-program-performed-at-home-on-the-exercise-capacity
#10
Thomas Péron, Raphaëlle Plassat
OBJECTIVE: The "Centre médical & pédagogique (CM&P) de Rennes-Beaulieu" prepares adolescents for surgical treatment of their idiopathic scoliosis (IS). This surgery has respiratory short-term consequences to the forefront of immediate complications. Two years after the surgery, the ventilatory status is correlated to preoperative pulmonary function. The objective of the present work is to evaluate the effects of our preparation program. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight teenagers followed our at home preparation program, including aerobic training, inspiratory muscle training and chest mobilizations during 2 months...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638058/efficacy-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-as-a-practical-and-minimally-intrusive-technique-to-aid-functional-fitness-among-adults-with-obesity
#11
A M Edwards, D Graham, S Bloxham, G P Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) as a non-intrusive and practical intervention to stimulate improved functional fitness in adults with obesity. As excess adiposity of the chest impedes the mechanics of breathing, targeted re-training of the inspiratory muscles may ameliorate sensations of breathlessness, improve physical performance and lead to greater engagement in physical activity. METHODS: Sixty seven adults (BMI=36 ±6...
September 13, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631248/inspiratory-muscle-training-in-stroke-patients-with-congestive-heart-failure-a-consort-compliant-prospective-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#12
Po-Cheng Chen, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yi-Jung Hsin, Yung-Che Chen, Shyh-Ming Chen, Meng-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary function can be adversely affected after a cerebrovascular accident in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for stroke patients with CHF. METHODS: A prospective randomized single-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan between May 2011 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were enrolled, of whom 21 completed the study (IMT group n = 11 and control group n = 10)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606641/effect-of-abdominal-muscle-training-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-forced-expiratory-flows-in-sedentary-healthy-adolescents
#13
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ximena Navarro, Darwin Gatica, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory muscle training is the most commonly used method to revert respiratory muscle weakness; however, the effect of protocols based on non-respiratory maneuvers has not been adequately studied in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to establish the effect of abdominal muscle training on respiratory muscle strength and forced expiratory flows in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This was a quasi-experiment. The sample was made up of healthy adolescents divided into two groups: an experimental group who completed eight weeks of active abdominal muscle training, and an equivalent control group...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578574/-inspiratory-muscle-training-followed-by-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lu-Qian Zhou, Xiao-Ying Li, Yun Li, Bing-Peng Guo, Li-Li Guan, Xin Chen, Yu-Wen Luo, Peng Luo, Rong-Chang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This investigator-initiated randomized, controlled trial recruited 88 patients with stable GOLD stage IV COPD, who were randomized into 4 equal groups to continue oxygen therapy (control group) or to receive inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (IMT-NPPV group), inspiratory muscle training only (IMT group), or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation only (NPPV group) for at least 8 weeks...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569662/effects-of-a-pre-operative-home-based-inspiratory-muscle-training-programme-on-perceived-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#15
K Valkenet, J C A Trappenburg, E H Hulzebos, N L U van Meeteren, F J G Backx
OBJECTIVES: Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training has been shown to decrease the incidence of postoperative pneumonia and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This study investigated if this decrease acted as a mediator on the time course of quality of life. DESIGN: Complementary analyses of a published randomised controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The initial trial included patients awaiting CABG surgery at a Dutch university hospital...
April 16, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556313/inspiratory-muscle-training-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#16
André Luiz Lisboa Cordeiro, Thiago Araújo de Melo, Daniela Neves, Julianne Luna, Mateus Souza Esquivel, André Raimundo França Guimarães, Daniel Lago Borges, Jefferson Petto
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery is a highly complex procedure which generates worsening of lung function and decreased inspiratory muscle strength. The inspiratory muscle training becomes effective for muscle strengthening and can improve functional capacity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of inspiratory muscle training on functional capacity submaximal and inspiratory muscle strength in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a clinical randomized controlled trial with patients undergoing cardiac surgery at Instituto Nobre de Cardiologia...
April 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537410/controlled-frequency-breathing-reduces-inspiratory-muscle-fatigue
#17
Alex R Burtch, Ben T Ogle, Patrick A Sims, Craig A Harms, Thorburn B Symons, Rodney J Folz, Gerald S Zavorsky
Controlled frequency breathing (CFB) is a common swim training modality involving holding one's breath for about 7 to 10 strokes before taking another breath. We sought to examine the effects of CFB training on reducing respiratory muscle fatigue. Competitive college swimmers were randomly divided into either the CFB group that breathed every 7 to 10 strokes, or a control group that breathed every 3-4 strokes. Twenty swimmers completed the study. The training intervention included 5-6 weeks (16 sessions) of 12x50-m repetitions with breathing 8-10 breaths per 50m (control group), or 2-3 breaths per 50-m (CFB group)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484507/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-with-load-compared-with-sham-training-on-blood-pressure-in-individuals-with-hypertension-study-protocol-of-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Simone Regina Posser, Carine Cristina Callegaro, Marina Beltrami-Moreira, Leila Beltrami Moreira
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a complex chronic condition characterized by elevated arterial blood pressure. Management of hypertension includes non-pharmacologic strategies, which may include techniques that effectively reduce autonomic sympathetic activity. Respiratory exercises improve autonomic control over cardiovascular system and attenuate muscle metaboreflex. Because of these effects, respiratory exercises may be useful to lower blood pressure in subjects with hypertension. METHODS/DESIGN: This randomized, double-blind clinical trial will test the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training in reducing blood pressure in adults with essential hypertension...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460626/corrigendum
#19
(no author information available yet)
dos Santos Silva M, Ramos LR, Tufik S, Togeiro SM, Lopes GS. Influence of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Changes in Fasting Hyperglycemia in the Older Adult: The Epidoso Project. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2015;9:1352-1353.(Original DOI: 10.1177/1932296815599006)In the above article, published in Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology on July 2015, has incorrectly informed that professor Dr Guiomar Silva Lopes is related to the Preventine Medicine Department of Federal University of São Paulo. In fact, on the date of its submission and publication, the aforementioned professor was a member of Nursing Department of Federal University of São Paulo...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453480/inspiratory-muscle-conditioning-exercise-and-diaphragm-gene-therapy-in-pompe-disease-clinical-evidence-of-respiratory-plasticity
#20
Barbara K Smith, A Daniel Martin, Lee Ann Lawson, Valerie Vernot, Jordan Marcus, Saleem Islam, Nadeem Shafi, Manuela Corti, Shelley W Collins, Barry J Byrne
Pompe disease is an inherited disorder due to a mutation in the gene that encodes acid α-glucosidase (GAA). Children with infantile-onset Pompe disease develop progressive hypotonic weakness and cardiopulmonary insufficiency that may eventually require mechanical ventilation (MV). Our team conducted a first in human trial of diaphragmatic gene therapy (AAV1-CMV-GAA) to treat respiratory neural dysfunction in infantile-onset Pompe. Subjects (aged 2-15years, full-time MV: n=5, partial/no MV: n=4) underwent a period of preoperative inspiratory muscle conditioning exercise...
July 21, 2016: Experimental Neurology
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