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respiratory muscle training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137117/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-proteomics-literature-on-the-response-of-human-skeletal-muscle-to-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-versus-exercise-training
#1
REVIEW
Kanchana Srisawat, Sam O Shepherd, Paulo J Lisboa, Jatin G Burniston
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of proteomics literature that reports human skeletal muscle responses in the context of either pathological decline associated with obesity/T2DM and physiological adaptations to exercise training. Literature was collected from PubMed and DOAJ databases following PRISMA guidelines using the search terms 'proteom*', and 'skeletal muscle' combined with either 'obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance' or 'exercise, training'. Eleven studies were included in the systematic review, and meta-analysis was performed on a sub-set (four studies) of the reviewed literature that reported the necessary primary data...
November 11, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128525/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-narrative-review-of-rehabilitation-techniques
#2
REVIEW
J Levy, H Prigent, D Bensmail
BACKGROUND: Respiratory disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) are an important issue. They can occur early during the course of the disease, are associated with the neurological impairment, and can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, which are the main causes of death in advanced MS. Prevailing impaired expiratory muscles and cough abilities has been demonstrated in this population and might constitute a specific target for rehabilitation interventions. However, international guidelines lack recommendations regarding respiratory rehabilitation in MS...
November 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124630/effectiveness-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-sleep-and-functional-capacity-to-exercise-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Adília Karoline Ferreira Souza, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade, Ana Irene Carlos de Medeiros, Maria Inês Remígio de Aguiar, Taciano Dias de Souza Rocha, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe de Lima
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on sleep and functional capacity to exercise in subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: This is a controlled, randomized, double-blind study conducted in 16 OSA patients divided into two groups: training (IMT: n = 8) and placebo-IMT (P-IMT: n = 8). IMT was conducted during 12 weeks with a moderate load (50-60% of maximal inspiratory pressure-MIP), while P-IMT used a load < 20% of MPI...
November 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114773/the-impact-of-expiratory-muscle-strength-training-on-speech-breathing-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#4
Meghan Darling-White, Jessica E Huber
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of expiratory muscle strength training on speech breathing and functional speech outcomes in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: Twelve individuals with PD were seen once a week for 8 weeks: 4 pretraining (baseline) sessions followed by a 4-week training period. Posttraining data were collected at the end of the 4th week of training. Maximum expiratory pressure, an indicator of expiratory muscle strength, and lung volume at speech initiation were the primary outcome measures...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111103/muscle-specific-knockout-of-general-control-of-amino-acid-synthesis-5-gcn5-does-not-enhance-basal-or-endurance-exercise-induced-mitochondrial-adaptation
#5
Jessica R Dent, Vitor F Martins, Kristoffer Svensson, Samuel A LaBarge, Noah C Schlenk, Mary C Esparza, Elisa H Buckner, Gretchen A Meyer, D Lee Hamilton, Simon Schenk, Andrew Philp
OBJECTIVE: Lysine acetylation is an important post-translational modification that regulates metabolic function in skeletal muscle. The acetyltransferase, general control of amino acid synthesis 5 (GCN5), has been proposed as a regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis via its inhibitory action on peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α). However, the specific contribution of GCN5 to skeletal muscle metabolism and mitochondrial adaptations to endurance exercise in vivo remain to be defined...
October 16, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107291/absence-of-the-kinase-s6k1-mimics-the-effect-of-chronic-endurance-exercise-on-glucose-tolerance-and-muscle-oxidative-stress
#6
C Binsch, T Jelenik, A Pfitzer, M Dille, S Müller-Lühlhoff, S Hartwig, S Karpinski, S Lehr, D G Kabra, A Chadt, M Roden, H Al-Hasani, T R Castañeda
OBJECTIVE: Ribosomal protein S6 Kinase-1 (S6K1) has been linked to resistance exercise-mediated improvements in glycemia. We hypothesized that S6K1 may also play a role in regulating glycemic control in response to endurance exercise training. METHODS: S6k1-knockout (S6K1KO) and WT mice on a 60 cal% high-fat diet were trained for 4 weeks on treadmills, metabolically phenotyped, and compared to sedentary controls. RESULTS: WT mice showed improved glucose tolerance after training...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090601/expiratory-muscle-strength-training-improves-swallowing-and-respiratory-outcomes-in-people-with-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#7
Marinda Brooks, Emma McLaughlin, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of expiratory muscle strength training on communication and swallowing outcomes in adults with acquired motor based communication and/or swallowing difficulties of any aetiology. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted. Six databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPEECHBYTE, AMED and PUBMED) were searched from inception until end of May 2016. Randomised and non-randomised controlled studies and pre-test/post-test studies published in English that investigated the effects of expiratory muscle strength training were included...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090263/respiratory-events-with-sugammadex-vs-neostigmine-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-pilot-study-assessing-neuromuscular-reversal-strategies
#8
Shmuel Evron, Yuri Abelansky, Tiberiu Ezri, Alexander Izakson
Abdominal surgery in obese patients may be associated with pulmonary morbidity, and mortality. Some patients may arrive in the PACU with residual paralysis. The purpose of this study was to find out if there was an association between the type of muscle relaxant reversal agent and the development of postoperative respiratory events in patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery. METHODS: From September 2012 to February 2013, in a prospective randomized pilot study, two different muscle relaxant reversal agents were administered at the end of surgery in 57 patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: sugammadex 2 mg/kg (32 patients) vs...
October 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083130/effects-of-mat-pilates-training-and-habitual-physical-activity-on-thoracoabdominal-expansion-during-quiet-and-vital-capacity-breathing-in-healthy-women
#9
Jeniffer L Campos, Rodrigo L Vancini, Graziely R Zanoni, Claudio A Barbosa DE Lira, Marilia Santos Andrade, Karine J Sarro
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a body/mind method that requires different types of exercise (balance, endurance, strength, and flexibility) and attention to muscle control, posture, and breathing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of Mat Pilates training and habitual physical activity on thoracoabdominal motion of healthy and physically active women. METHODS: Thirty-five women without experience in Pilates exercise, aged between 18 and 35 years, participated in the study (habitual physical activity group, n=14; and Mat Pilates group, n=21)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080065/effects-of-respiratory-muscle-training-rmt-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#10
Simon Dominik Herkenrath, Marcel Treml, Christina Priegnitz, Wolfgang Galetke, Winfried J Randerath
PURPOSE: Different forms of training focusing on the muscles of the upper airways showed limited effects on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or snoring. We investigated the effect of generalized respiratory muscle training (RMT) in lean patients with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: Nine male subjects (52.0 ± 10.8 years, BMI 29.1 ± 2.1 kg/m(2)) with obstructive sleep apnea (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 9-29) participated in an open, single-arm pilot study. After a 1-week build-up phase, patients underwent 4 weeks of normocapnic hyperpnea RMT five times a week for 30 min each...
October 28, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072087/respiratory-muscle-function-and-exercise-limitation-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-review
#11
Noppawan Charususin, Sauwaluk Dacha, Rik Gosselink, Marc Decramer, Andreas von Leupoldt, Thomas Reijnders, Zafeiris Louvaris, Daniel Langer
Respiratory muscle dysfunction is common and contributes to dyspnea and exercise limitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Improving dynamic function of respiratory muscles during exercise might help to reduce symptoms and improve exercise capacity. Areas covered: The aims of this review are to 1) summarize physiological mechanisms linking respiratory muscle dysfunction to dyspnea and exercise limitation; 2) provide an overview of available therapeutic approaches to better maintain load-capacity balance of respiratory muscles during exercise; and 3) to summarize current knowledge on potential mechanisms explaining effects of interventions aimed at optimizing dynamic respiratory muscle function with a special focus on inspiratory muscle training...
October 26, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071072/effect-of-high-flow-nasal-therapy-during-acute-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-after-exacerbation-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#12
Guillaume Prieur, Clement Medrinal, Yann Combret, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Fabrice Prieur, Jean Quieffin, Jean Christian Borel, Gregory Reychler
INTRODUCTION: Early pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended after a severe exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this is difficult to implement, particularly for exercise training. High-flow nasal therapy (HFNT) may reduce the work of breathing and dyspnoea and may improve exercise tolerance. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, prospective, controlled, randomised, cross-over study. Eligible patients will have a diagnosis of COPD (postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio of <0...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066876/comparative-study-of-two-different-respiratory-training-protocols-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Sherin Hassan Mohammed Mehani
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare threshold inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and expiratory muscle training (EMT) in elderly male patients with moderate degree of COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male patients with moderate degree of COPD were recruited for this study. They were randomly divided into two groups: the IMT group who received inspiratory training with an intensity ranging from 15% to 60% of their maximal inspiratory pressure, and the EMT group who received expiratory training with an equal intensity which was adjusted according to the maximal expiratory pressure...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066440/exercise-training-reveals-inflexibility-of-the-diaphragm-in-an-animal-model-of-patients-with-obesity-driven-heart-failure-with-a-preserved-ejection-fraction
#14
T Scott Bowen, Dominic Brauer, Natale P L Rolim, Fredrik H Bækkerud, Angela Kricke, Anne-Marie Ormbostad Berre, Tina Fischer, Axel Linke, Gustavo Justo da Silva, Ulrik Wisloff, Volker Adams
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness contributes to exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)-a condition characterized by multiple comorbidities with few proven treatments. We aimed, therefore, to provide novel insight into the underlying diaphragmatic alterations that occur in HFpEF by using an obese cardiometabolic rat model and further assessed whether exercise training performed only after the development of overt HFpEF could reverse impairments...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061084/the-improvement-in-respiratory-function-by-inspiratory-muscle-training-is-due-to-structural-muscle-changes-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#15
Ji-Eun Cho, Hwang-Jae Lee, Min-Kyu Kim, Wan-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: The changes effected by the inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on the structure of inspiratory muscles such as on the diaphragm, in patients with stroke, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of IMT on inspiratory function, diaphragm thickness, walking endurance, and fatigue in patients with stroke. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with stroke were randomized to either the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group (n = 15) underwent inspiratory muscle training with resistance adjusted to 30% of maximal inspiratory pressure, 90 breaths a day, 5 times a week for 6 weeks...
October 24, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045949/effectiveness-of-a-home-based-active-video-game-programme-in-young-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#16
Tamara Del Corral, Maria Àngels Cebrià I Iranzo, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Roberto Martínez-Alejos, Isabel Blanco, Jordi Vilaró
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation is already a part of cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment; however, patient adherence is low. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme using active video games (AVGs) as a training modality for children and adolescents with CF. METHODS: Thirty-nine children with CF were randomised to a control group (CG, n = 20, age 11 ± 6 years; FEV1 86.2 ± 20.5% of predicted) or a training group (AVGG, n = 19, age 13 ± 3 years; FEV1 82...
October 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038746/influence-of-exercise-duration-on-cardiorespiratory-responses-energy-cost-and-tissue-oxygenation-within-a-6-hour-treadmill-run
#17
Hugo A Kerhervé, Scott McLean, Karen Birkenhead, David Parr, Colin Solomon
PURPOSE: The physiological mechanisms for alterations in oxygen utilization ([Formula: see text]) and the energy cost of running (Cr ) during prolonged running are not completely understood, and could be linked with alterations in muscle and cerebral tissue oxygenation. METHODS: Eight trained ultramarathon runners (three women; mean ± SD; age 37 ± 7 yr; maximum [Formula: see text] 60 ± 15 mL min(-1) kg(-1)) completed a 6 hr treadmill run (6TR), which consisted of four modules, including periods of moderate (3 min at 10 km h(-1), 10-CR) and heavy exercise intensities (6 min at 70% of maximum [Formula: see text], HILL), separated by three, 100 min periods of self-paced running (SP)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038671/inspiratory-muscle-training-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-new-perspective
#18
Rodrigo Marques Tonella, Ligia Dos Santos Roceto Ratti, Lilian Elisabete Bernardes Delazari, Carlos Fontes Junior, Paula Lima Da Silva, Aline Ribeiro Da Silva Herran, Daniela Cristina Dos Santos Faez, Ivete Alonso Bredda Saad, Luciana Castilho De Figueiredo, Rui Moreno, Desanka Dragosvac, Antonio Luis Eiras Falcao
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of mechanical ventilation (MV) leads to weakening of the respiratory muscles, especially in patients subjected to sedation, but this effect seems to be preventable or more quickly reversible using respiratory muscle training. The aims of the study were to assess variations in respiratory and hemodinamic parameters with electronic inspiratory muscle training (EIMT) in tracheostomized patients requiring MV and to compare these variations with those in a group of patients subjected to an intermittent nebulization program (INP)...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037769/activation-of-respiratory-muscles-during-respiratory-muscle-training
#19
Stephan Walterspacher, Fabian Pietsch, David Johannes Walker, Kai Röcker, Hans-Joachim Kabitz
It is unknown which respiratory muscles are mainly activated by respiratory muscle training. This study evaluated Inspiratory Pressure Threshold Loading (IPTL), Inspiratory Flow Resistive Loading (IFRL) and Voluntary Isocapnic Hyperpnea (VIH) with regard to electromyographic (EMG) activation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), parasternal muscles (PARA) and the diaphragm (DIA) in randomized order. Surface EMG were analyzed at the end of each training session and normalized using the peak EMG recorded during maximum inspiratory maneuvers (Sniff nasal pressure: SnPna, maximal inspiratory mouth occlusion pressure: PImax)...
October 14, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037658/simple-artificial-training-device-for-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-lung-volumes-in-healthy-young-male-and-female-subjects-a-pilot-study
#20
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Decha Pinkaew, Araya Yankai, Busaba Chautrakoon, Rungtiwa Kuntain
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a simple artificial device for respiratory muscle strength training and lung volumes using either combined or non-combined exercise with elastic bands in healthy young participants. METHODS: Forty healthy young participants (20 male and 20 female) aged 19-24 years old were randomized into two main experiments with four sub-groups; (1) artificial device (n = 10) & standard device (n = 10) training, and (2) artificial device training combined with elastic band (EB) exercise (n = 10) & standard device training combined with EB (n = 10) exercise...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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