Read by QxMD icon Read

Posterior ligament reconstruction

John J Elias, Kerwyn C Jones, S Cyrus Rezvanifar, Joseph N Gabra, Melanie A Morscher, Andrew J Cosgarea
BACKGROUND: Continued patellar instability can occur following medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. Computational simulation of function was used to investigate the influence of the lateral position of the tibial tuberosity, trochlear dysplasia and patella alta on lateral patellar tracking following MPFL reconstruction. METHODS: Multibody dynamic simulation models were developed to represent nine knees being treated for recurrent patellar instability...
March 12, 2018: Knee
Chae Chil Lee, Yoon Seok Youm, Sung Do Cho, Seung Hyun Jung, Mun Hee Bae, Seon Jae Park, Han Wook Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between posterior tibial slope (PTS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft rupture in patients who have undergone ACL reconstruction by comparing results in patients who experienced graft rupture and a matched control group. METHODS: The study included 64 knees of 64 patients (58 men and 6 women), of mean age 31 years (range, 18-60 years) who underwent revision ACL reconstruction for ACL graft rupture, as well as a control group without ACL graft rupture matched for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and left or right side...
March 9, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Hyuk-Soo Han, Seung-Baik Kang
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to evaluate the changes in the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and tibial slope after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-substituting total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to address the presence of any interactive effect between the two on knee flexion. METHODS: Fifty-two PCL-substituting TKAs were performed using a posterior referencing system. Three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomographic (CT) images were used to evaluate PCO and tibial slope before and after arthroplasty...
March 7, 2018: Knee
Junji Kamogawa, Osamu Kato, Tatsunori Morizane
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to introduce a new method of producing three-dimensional (3D) images of vertebral venous plexuses (VVPs) by 3D-MRI with and without contrast media, to identify pathoanatomical features that might accelerate or modify spinal canal stenosis. METHODS: We used a 1.5-T MRI unit with two different 3D sequences with and without contrast media. Multi planar reconstruction (MPR) images of VVPs could be obtained by volume image subtraction methods with a workstation for dural sac from whole 3D volume MPR without contrast media, using images before and after gadoteridol injection...
March 7, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Haobo Wu, Chiyuan Ma, Yan Xiong, Shigui Yan, Lidong Wu, Weigang Wu
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of double-bundle (DB) single-tibial tunnel technique and double-tunnel technique for ACL reconstruction in patients with knee hyperextension. METHODS: Defined as having constitutional hyperextension of greater than 10°, 56 patients with knee hyperextension who underwent ACL reconstruction were included in this study. To exclude concomitant lesions, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in all knees...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Hankun Hao, Jun Hong, Yaping Wang, Jian Wang, Yibing Bei, Luchun Hua
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and the short-term safety of self-pulling and latter transected esophagojejunostomy(SPLT) in totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG). METHODS: One hundred patients with gastric cancer received TLTG-SPLT at General Surgery Department of Huashan Hospital (Fudan University) from June 2014 to January 2017(SPLT group). The clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical and postoperative outcomes were collected retrospectively and compared with the conventional group undergoing TLTG plus overlap or functional end-to-end anastomosis from October 2013 to December 2015...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Christoph Ihle, H Nakayama, Christoph Gonser, Ulrich Stöckle, Stefan Döbele, Steffen Schröter, Marc-Daniel Ahrend, Atesch Ateschrang
BACKGROUND: The established surgical technique for lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is reconstruction with an autologous tendon. However, patients after ACL-replacement have increased osteoarthritis rates. Possible explanations are persistent knee instability and the loss of the ACL's proprioceptive function. Therefore, surgeons have developed an alternative treatment to preserve the ACL by readapting femoral ACL lesions by temporary protective dynamic intraligamentary stabilisation (DIS)...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Kazuhisa Hatayama, Masanori Terauchi, Kenichi Saito, Jun Aoki, Satoshi Nonaka, Hiroshi Higuchi
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing ramp lesions, to compare them between 1.5- and 3-T MRI, and to evaluate whether bone contusion of the posterior lip of the medial tibial plateau was associated with ramp lesions. METHODS: For 155 knees that underwent primary ACL reconstruction, we prospectively examined for ramp lesions and medial meniscal body tears on MRI. MRI diagnosis of ramp lesions required high signal irregularity of the capsular margin or separation in the meniscocapsular junction of the medial meniscus posterior horn on sagittal images...
February 15, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
J Knox, V Pedoia, A Wang, M Tanaka, G B Joseph, J Neumann, T M Link, X Li, C B Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the longitudinal changes in meniscal T1ρ/T2 signal post-reconstruction in patients with acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and to investigate the association with T1ρ/T2 signal in articular knee cartilage. METHOD: In this prospective study, knees of 37 patients with ACL-injury and reconstruction in addition to 13 healthy controls were scanned using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T1ρ/T2 mapping. Quantitative analysis of the meniscus was performed in the anterior/posterior horns of lateral/medial meniscus fourteen sub-compartments of cartilage spanning the medial/lateral area of the tibia and femoral condyles...
February 10, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Michael B Banffy, Carlos Uquillas, Julie A Neumann, Neal S ElAttrache
BACKGROUND: An anatomic double-tunnel (DT) reconstruction technique has been widely adopted to reconstruct the ruptured coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments seen with high-grade acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries. However, the anatomic DT reconstruction has been associated with the risk of clavicle fractures, which may be problematic, particularly for contact athletes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare a single-tunnel (ST) CC ligament reconstruction for AC joint injuries with the native state as well as with the more established anatomic DT CC ligament reconstruction...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Santiago Pache, Zachary S Aman, Mitchell Kennedy, Gilberto Yoshinobu Nakama, Gilbert Moatshe, Connor Ziegler, Robert F LaPrade
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the largest and strongest ligament in the human knee, and the primary posterior stabilizer. Recent anatomy and biomechanical studies have provided an improved understanding of PCL function. PCL injuries are typically combined with other ligamentous, meniscal and chondral injuries. Stress radiography has become an important and validated objective measure in surgical decision making and post-operative assessment. Isolated grade I or II PCL injuries can usually be treated non-operatively...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Nathaniel A Bates, Rebecca J Nesbitt, Jason T Shearn, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Following anterior cruciate ligament injury and subsequent reconstruction transverse plane tibiofemoral rotation becomes underconstrained and overconstrained, respectively. Conflicting reports exist on how rotations influence loading at the knee. This investigation aimed to determine the mechanical effects of internal and external tibial rotation offsets on knee kinematics and ligament strains during in vitro simulations of in vivo recorded kinematics. METHOD: A 6-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator arm was used to articulate 11 cadaveric tibiofemoral joint specimens through simulations of four athletic tasks produced from in vivo recorded kinematics...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Sam K Yasen, Zakk M Borton, Edward M Britton, Harry C Palmer, Adrian J Wilson
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries usually constitute part of a multiligament injury. Isolated PCL injuries account for only approximately 3% of all ligament injuries. No consensus on optimal surgical reconstruction exists. The PCL is a double-bundle structure that functions in an anisometric manner. Biomechanical studies have shown that re-creating the PCL femoral double-bundle configuration provides greater stability. We present a 3-socket approach for an anatomic "all-inside" double-bundle PCL reconstruction using our preferred option of a FiberTape (Arthrex, Naples, FL)-reinforced peroneus longus allograft fashioned to create a trifurcate graft: the TriLink technique...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Willem A Kernkamp, Nathan H Varady, Jing-Sheng Li, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, Peter D Asnis, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Rob G H H Nelissen, Thomas J Gill, Samuel K Van de Velde, Guoan Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo anisometry and strain of theoretical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) grafts in the healthy knee using various socket locations on both the femur and tibia. METHODS: Eighteen healthy knees were imaged using magnetic resonance imaging and dual fluoroscopic imaging techniques during a step-up and sit-to-stand motion. The anisometry of the medial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle was mapped using 144 theoretical socket positions connected to an anteromedial, central, and posterolateral attachment site on the tibia...
February 3, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Seong Hwan Kim, Sang Hak Lee, Kang-Il Kim, Jae Woo Yang
PURPOSE: To document the diagnostic accuracy and steps for sequential arthroscopic exploration of ramp lesions-peripheral tear within 4 mm of meniscocapsular junction of medial meniscus-associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. METHODS: This was a prospective consecutive study of 195 primary ACL reconstructions with arthroscopic exploration for ramp lesion in 4 steps: (1) standard exploration through the anterolateral portal, (2) through the intercondylar space using a 30° arthroscope, (3) through the intercondylar space using a 70° arthroscope, and (4) after creation of a posteromedial portal...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Brendan R Southam, Angelo J Colosimo, Brian Grawe
Primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions (ACLRs) are being performed with increasing frequency. While many of these will have successful outcomes, failures will occur in a subset of patients who will require revision ACLRs. As such, the number of revision procedures will continue to rise as well. While many reviews have focused on factors that commonly contribute to failure of primary ACLR, including graft choice, patient factors, early return to sport, and technical errors, this review focused on several factors that have received less attention in the literature...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
Isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively rare and PCL injuries most commonly occur in the setting of multiligamentous knee injuries. PCL injuries can be treated with primary repair, which has the advantages of preserving the native tissue, maintaining proprioception, and minimal invasive surgery when compared with reconstruction surgery. Historically, primary repair of PCL injuries was performed in all tear types using an open approach, and, although the subjective outcomes were relatively good, patients often had residual laxity...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Kevin G Shea, Peter C Cannamela, Peter D Fabricant, Elizabeth B Terhune, John D Polousky, Matthew D Milewski, Allen F Anderson, Theodore J Ganley
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation of the at-risk structures (distal femoral physis, lateral collateral ligament, anterolateral ligament, popliteus, and articular cartilage) during all-epiphyseal femoral tunnel drilling. A second purpose was 2-fold: (1) to develop recommendations for tunnel placement and orientation that anatomically reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) while minimizing the risk of injury to these at-risk structures, and (2) to allow for maximal tunnel length to increase the amount of graft in the socket to facilitate healing...
January 25, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jorge Chahla, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Gilbert Moatshe, Márcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Alex W Brady, Jonas Pogorzelski, George F Lebus, Peter J Millett, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To perform a quantitative anatomic evaluation of the (1) coracoid process, specifically the attachment sites of the conjoint tendon, the pectoralis minor, the coracoacromial ligament (CAL), and the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments in relation to pertinent osseous and soft tissue landmarks; (2) CC ligaments' attachments on the clavicle; and (3) CAL attachment on the acromion in relation to surgically relevant anatomic landmarks to assist in planning of the Latarjet procedure, acromioclavicular (AC) joint reconstructions, and CAL resection distances avoiding iatrogenic injury to surrounding structures...
January 24, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Mikko Laakso, Jussi Kosola, Pekka Niemi, Keijo Mäkelä, Juha Ranne, Sakari Orava, Lasse Lempainen
Background: Semitendinosus (ST) is widely used autograft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLR). Although tendon harvesting is a common procedure, some patients exhibit pain, cramping and dysfunctional at posterior thigh after the ACLR. The formation of the newly regenerated neotendon could be compromised by a new injury or too rapid rehabilitation. We present this clinical entity and the developed surgical technique and share our experience in treatment of these patients...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"