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Journal of sleep medicine

Curtis H Weiss, Jerry A Krishnan, David H Au, Bruce G Bender, Shannon S Carson, Adithya Cattamanchi, Michelle M Cloutier, Colin R Cooke, Karen Erickson, Maureen George, Joe K Gerald, Lynn B Gerald, Christopher H Goss, Michael K Gould, Robert Hyzy, Jeremy M Kahn, Brian S Mittman, Erika M Mosesón, Richard A Mularski, Sairam Parthasarathy, Sanjay R Patel, Cynthia S Rand, Nancy S Redeker, Theodore F Reiss, Kristin A Riekert, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Judith A Tate, Kevin C Wilson, Carey C Thomson
BACKGROUND: Many advances in health care fail to reach patients. Implementation science is the study of novel approaches to mitigate this evidence-to-practice gap. METHODS: The American Thoracic Society (ATS) created a multidisciplinary ad hoc committee to develop a research statement on implementation science in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. The committee used an iterative consensus process to define implementation science and review the use of conceptual frameworks to guide implementation science for the pulmonary, critical care, and sleep community and to explore how professional medical societies such as the ATS can promote implementation science...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Diane C Lim, Allan I Pack
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a worldwide disease whose prevalence is increasing as obesity rates increase. The link between obesity and OSA is likely to be the deposition of fat in the tongue, compromising upper airway size. The role of obesity varies in different ethnic groups, with Chinese being particularly sensitive to increases in weight. OSA lends itself to a personalized approach to diagnosis and therapy. For example, different clinical OSA subtypes likely benefit from therapy in different ways. Hypoglossal nerve stimulation is a useful second-line therapy in patients who cannot tolerate continous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines or intraoral devices...
October 5, 2016: Annual Review of Medicine
Kun Hyung Kim, Myeong Soo Lee, Tae-Hun Kim, Jung Won Kang, Tae-Young Choi, Jae Dong Lee
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a range of symptoms and often have complex comorbidities. Many pharmacological interventions for people with CKD have known risks of adverse events. Acupuncture is widely used for symptom management in patients with chronic diseases and in other palliative care settings. However, the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for people with CKD remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the benefits and harms of acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion and other acupuncture-related interventions (alone or combined with other acupuncture-related interventions) for symptoms of CKD...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shalini Paruthi, Lee J Brooks, Carolyn D'Ambrosio, Wendy A Hall, Suresh Kotagal, Robin M Lloyd, Beth A Malow, Kiran Maski, Cynthia Nichols, Stuart F Quan, Carol L Rosen, Matthew M Troester, Merrill S Wise
Sleep is essential for optimal health in children and adolescents. Members of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine developed consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and adolescents using a modified RAND Appropriateness Method. The recommendations are summarized here. A manuscript detailing the conference proceedings and the evidence supporting these recommendations will be published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
S Iacob, B Hersant, M SidAhmed Mezi, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: After surgery, the plastic surgeon is very often questioned about how to maintain the result and more frequently how to slow down the aging process. However, this type of knowledge is not commonly delivered during medical education or at least needs an update. This review could be used as a guide to help plastic surgeons to manage these frequent postoperative consultations. The aim of this literature review was to focus discussion on specific positive factors, identified to have a significant impact on human longevity...
August 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Evelyn Gathecha, Rebeca Rios, Luis F Buenaver, Regina Landis, Eric Howell, Scott Wright
BACKGROUND: Sleep is a vital part to healing and recovery, hence poor sleep during hospitalizations is highly undesirable. Few studies have assessed interventions to optimize sleep among hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of sleep-promoting interventions on sleep quality and duration among hospitalized patients. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental prospective study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients on the general medicine ward...
July 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Wei-Wei Tao, Hua Jiang, Xiao-Mei Tao, Ping Jiang, Li-Yan Sha, Xian-Ce Sun
CONTEXT: Most cancer patients suffer from both the disease itself and symptoms induced by conventional treatment. Available literature on the clinical effects on cancer patients of acupuncture, Tuina, Tai Chi, Qigong, and Traditional Chinese Medicine Five-Element Music Therapy (TCM-FEMT) reports controversial results. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of acupuncture, Tuina, Tai Chi, Qigong, and TCM-FEMT on various symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cancer; risk of bias for the selected trials also was assessed...
April 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Rommel Andrade Carrillo, Sujey Gómez Cano, Juan David Palacio Ortiz, Jenny García Valencia
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a disabling disease that involves a significant economic costs to the health system, making it is essential to investigate possible early predictors such as changes in sleep-wake cycle in high-risk populations. OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on alterations in the sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm in patients with bipolar disorder and their first degree relatives. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the data bases, Access Medicine, ClinicalKey, EMBASE, JAMA, Lilacs, OVID, Oxford Journals, ScienceDirect, SciELO, APA y PsycNET...
October 2015: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Rong-Fang Hu, Xiao-Ying Jiang, Junmin Chen, Zhiyong Zeng, Xiao Y Chen, Yueping Li, Xin Huining, David J W Evans
BACKGROUND: Adults in intensive care units (ICUs) often suffer from a lack of sleep or frequent sleep disruptions. Non-pharmacological interventions can improve the duration and quality of sleep and decrease the risk of sleep disturbance, delirium, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the length of stay in the ICU. However, there is no clear evidence of the effectiveness and harms of different non-pharmacological interventions for sleep promotion in adults admitted to the ICU. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions for sleep promotion in critically ill adults in the ICU...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Suparna Dutta, Steven L Cohn, Kurt J Pfeifer, Barbara A Slawski, Gerald W Smetana, Amir K Jaffer
BACKGROUND: As our surgical population becomes older and more medically complex, knowledge of the most recent perioperative literature is necessary to optimize perioperative care. We aim to summarize and critique literature published over the past year with the highest potential to impact the clinical practice of perioperative medicine. METHODS: We reviewed articles published between January 2014 and April 2015, identified via MEDLINE search. The final 10 articles selected were determined by consensus among all authors, with criteria for inclusion including scientific rigor and relevance to perioperative medicine practice...
March 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Turgut Ozal University Scientific Research Committee (TOBAT) was established in Turgut Ozal University Faculty of Medicine in 2009 to encourage young medical students and scientists to carry out novel scientific research in addition to their medical education in order to 1) establish a platform of informing the latest advancements in science, 2) present this work to colleagues and 3) meet and interact with their peers within the international medical and scientific community.
2015: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
Mia T Minen, Tesha Monteith, Lauren D Strauss, Amaal Starling
OBJECTIVES: We sought to survey the New Investigators and Trainees Section (NITS) members of the American Headache Society (AHS) to better understand their exposure to headache medicine during training and to determine their perceptions and attitudes about the field and the future of headache medicine. BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of headache disorders in the general population, only about 2% of neurology residents pursue headache medicine fellowships...
September 2015: Headache
Ömer Berberoğlu, Metin Temel, Arif Türkmen
BACKGROUND: Women with macromastia suffer from bodily disproportions like increased spinal curvature owing to the mass effect caused by severely large breasts. In such cases, the erector spinae muscles generate an overcompensatory pressure to maintain a normal posture, resulting in neck, back, and lumbar pain. This study aimed to objectively show the improvement of physical symptoms after reduction mammaplasty and evaluate psychological and physical changes of patients. METHODS: Pre- and postoperative cervical, thoracic, and lumbar bidirectional (anteroposterior and lateral) radiographs were obtained from 40 patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty...
August 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Patrick G Lyons, Frank J Zadravecz, Dana P Edelson, Babak Mokhlesi, Matthew M Churpek
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with clinical deterioration in postoperative patients and patients hospitalized with pneumonia. Paradoxically, OSA has also been associated with decreased risk of inpatient mortality in these same populations. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between OSA and in-hospital mortality in a large cohort of surgical and nonsurgical ward patients. DESIGN: Observational cohort study...
September 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Hila Calev, Lisa M Spampinato, Valerie G Press, David O Meltzer, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: Effective inpatient teaching requires intact patient memory, but studies suggest hospitalized adults may have memory deficits. Sleep loss among inpatients could contribute to memory impairment. OBJECTIVE: To assess memory in older hospitalized adults, and to test the association between sleep quantity, sleep quality, and memory, in order to identify a possible contributor to memory deficits in these patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
July 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Martina Pafume Coelho, Olaine Oliveira Pinto, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
This article presents an integrative review of national and international scientific publications that investigate the sleep habits, the feed intake and nutritional status of nursing professionals. It was analyzed articles published in national and international journals in the period 2002 to 2014 and made available in the database PubMed / MEDLINE (USA National Library of Medicine), Lilacs / SciELO (Scientific Eletronic Library Online) and Google Scholar. Thirty one articles met the criteria. In the analysis of these studies it has been found a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, a negative change in the eating habits, as well as losses in the sleep patterns of nursing professionals...
September 2014: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Richard T Lee, Peiying Yang, Heather Greenlee, Susan Bauer-Wu, Lynda G Balneaves, Suzanna Zick
The 11th International Conference of the Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO) brought together more than 300 clinicians, researchers, patients, and advocates to hear and interact with world-leading experts about the latest research in the areas of nutrition, exercise, acupuncture, health services research, meditation, and other integrative disciplines. The conference theme, "Personalized Integrative Oncology: Targeted Approaches for Optimal Outcomes," highlighted innovations in personalized medicine and ways this growing field will advance the evolution of individualized integrative cancer care to the next level...
January 2015: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Christine M Gillis, Janelle O Poyant, Jeremy R Degrado, Lichuan Ye, Kevin E Anger, Robert L Owens
BACKGROUND: Sleep is known to be poor in the hospital. Patients frequently request pharmacological sleep aids, despite the risk of altered mental status (delirium) and falls. Little is known about the scope of pharmacological sleep aid use in hospitalized patients. METHODS: We performed a single center, retrospective review of all patients admitted to the general adult (age >18 years) medical and surgical units of a tertiary care center during a recent 2-month period (January 2013-February 2013)...
October 2014: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Cardiovascular Morbidity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Editorial, N Engl J Med 2014;370:2339-2341. In the third paragraph (page 2339), the last sentence should have begun, "Of particular interest is the effect that CPAP had on nocturnal blood pressure . . ." rather than, ". . . the effect that oxygen supplementation had . . . ." The article is correct at
June 11, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Jeffrey D Lazar, Lucy K Willis
A 30-year-old woman with no notable medical history presented with a 1-day history of spreading redness, swelling, and blistering of her left leg, possibly due to insect bites during sleep. On presentation, the temperature was 38.3°C, the heart rate 104 beats per minute, and the blood pressure 103/..
June 12, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
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