keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Congenital valve disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244073/incidence-of-infective-endocarditis-among-patients-considered-at-high-risk
#1
Lauge Østergaard, Nana Valeur, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Henning Bundgaard, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Niels Eske Bruun, Lars Søndergaard, Lars Køber, Emil Loldrup Fosbøl
Aims: Patients with prior infective endocarditis (IE), a prosthetic heart valve, or a cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) are considered to be at high risk of IE by guidelines. However, knowledge is sparse on the relative risk of IE between these three groups and compared controls. Methods and results: Using Danish nationwide registries (1996-2015), we identified all patients with prior IE, a prosthetic heart valve, or a complex CHD (defined as tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and transposition of great arteries) as well as matched control populations...
December 12, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241483/national-trends-and-outcomes-in-isolated-tricuspid-valve-surgery
#2
Chad J Zack, Erin A Fender, Pranav Chandrashekar, Yogesh N V Reddy, Courtney E Bennett, John M Stulak, Virginia M Miller, Rick A Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Severe isolated disease of the tricuspid valve (TV) is increasing and results in intractable right heart failure. However, isolated TV surgery is rarely performed, and there are little data describing surgical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate contemporary utilization trends and in-hospital outcomes for isolated TV surgery in the United States. METHODS: Patients age >18 years who underwent TV repair or replacement from 2004 to 2013 were identified using the National Inpatient Sample...
December 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229166/holding-water-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-ckd-and-the-ongoing-role-of-excellence-in-plumbing
#3
REVIEW
Lars J Cisek
Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tracts can result in diminished natal kidney function, possibly through common embryologic pathway disruption or as a result of development taking place in the face of disordered 'post-renal' drainage. Impaired conduit and reservoir function present potential for an ongoing assault leading to further deterioration and progression of chronic kidney disease, a risk that extends to adults with these conditions, even after "correction". The drainage and storage aspects of the urinary system that can impact kidney function are reviewed with attention to correctable or manageable problems including: Bladder dysfunction wherein the low pressure storage of urine is compromised requiring the kidney to work against a pressure gradient, the classic post renal failure problem...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228895/postcardiotomy-refractory-ventricular-fibrillation-rescue-using-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#4
Ilya Soynov, Igor Kornilov, Alexey Zubritskiy, Dmitriy Ponomarev, Nataliya Nichay, Artem Gorbatykh, Alexey Voitov, Alexander Karaskov
We present a case of 7-hour ventricular fibrillation with successful use of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to recovery in a 30-year-old patient with grown-up congenital heart disease who underwent pulmonary valve replacement.
December 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226042/direct-insertion-of-the-papillary-muscle-into-the-anterior-mitral-leaflet-cadaveric-findings
#5
Sarvenaz Sheikh, Joe Iwanaga, Jocelyn R Gonzales, Tsuyoshi Saga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Direct insertion of the anterior papillary muscle (DPM) into the mitral valve is uncommon. During the routine dissection of an adult female, a DPM into the mitral valve with abnormal chordae tendinae was observed. This abnormal papillary muscle was measured as 28.0 mm in length from myocardial to insertion, 14.8 mm in width, and 7.0 mm in depth. The embryology, symptoms, associated cardiac diseases, and surgical precautions of this congenital malformation in the heart are reviewed.
October 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211217/application-of-unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-in-the-treatment-of-sternal-wound-dehiscence
#6
Grazielle de Souza Horácio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Antonio Albacete, Juliano Baron Almeida, Vinícius Zolezi da Silva, Ivan de Rezende Almeida, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Jayme Adriano Farina
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of the sternal wound dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap was performed for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence due to coronary artery bypass, valve replacement, congenital heart disease correction and mediastinitis, between 1997 and 2016. Data from the epidemiological profile of patients, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and mortality rate were obtained...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209541/a-rare-manifestation-of-asymptomatic-ebstein-s-anomaly-with-tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#7
Carmel Moazez, Vicken Zeitjian, Christian Breburda, Ranjini Roy
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital heart disease that presents with apical displacement of the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve. It has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and has been shown to manifest itself any time from birth to adulthood. Our patient is a 43-year-old male with a history of intravenous heroin abuse who presented to the emergency department with worsening shortness of breath and lower extremity edema. He denied any prior cardiac history. A transthoracic echo showed normal left ventricular function, but a large 2...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196540/propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-partial-atrioventricular-septal-defect-repair-in-infancy
#8
Edward Buratto, Michael Daley, Xin Tao Ye, Dorothy J Radford, Nelson Alphonso, Christian P Brizard, Yves d'Udekem, Igor E Konstantinov
OBJECTIVE: Partial atrioventricular septal defect (pAVSD) is usually repaired between 2 and 4 years of age with excellent results. Repair during infancy has been associated with poorer outcomes. However, most infants in reported series had heart failure or significant left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) regurgitation. The impact of surgery during infancy on outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: All children at three institutions who underwent repair of pAVSD from 1975 to 2015 were included...
December 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189934/mechanical-deformation-in-adult-patients-with-unrepaired-aortic-coarctation
#9
Leonel Avendaño-Pérez, María Elena Soto, Nydia Ávila-Vanzzini, Guillermo Bracamontes-Castelo, José Carlos Ruán-Díaz, Erick Alexanderson-Rosas, Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta
Aortic coarctation is a congenital heart disease that causes an increased left ventricular afterload, resulting in increased systolic parietal tension, compensatory hypertrophy, and left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction. The speckle tracking is a new echocardiographic technique that allows the detection of subclinic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to detect early left ventricular dysfunction using mechanical deformation by echocardiography in adults with un-repaired aortic coarctation...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188316/impact-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-morphology-on-aortic-valve-disease-and-aortic-dilation-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Rebekah M Ward, Jordan M Marsh, Jeffrey M Gossett, Mallikarjuna R Rettiganti, R Thomas Collins
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart defect. BAV is associated with aortic stenosis and insufficiency, and aortic dilation in adult groups, but data in pediatric groups are limited. We sought to assess the impact of BAV morphology on aortic valve disease and aortic dilation in pediatric patients. We performed a retrospective review of all echocardiograms in patients with isolated BAV who were followed at our institution from July 2002 to July 2012. BAV morphology, aortic valve stenosis and/or insufficiency, and aortic dimensions were measured manually...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186368/corrigendum-to-contemporary-results-of-aortic-valve-repair-for-congenital-disease-lessons-for-management-and-staged-strategy-eur-j-cardiothorac-surg-2017-52-3-581-587
#11
Mathieu Vergnat, Boulos Asfour, Claudia Arenz, Philipp Suchowerskyj, Benjamin Bierbach, Ehrenfried Schindler, Martin Schneider, Victor Hraska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181299/persistent-bacteremia-secondary-to-delayed-identification-of-lactobacillus-in-the-setting-of-mitral-valve-endocarditis
#12
Cody Stroupe, Joseph Pendley, Emmanuel Isang, Benjamin Helms
Introduction: Lactobacillus species causing infective endocarditis is rare. Most reported cases arise from the oral ingestion of Lactobacillus via dairy or nutritional supplements in patients with congenital valve disease or replacement. We present a case of native valve bacterial endocarditis caused by Lactobacillus arising from dental abscesses. Additionally, there was an error in identification of the Lactobacillus as Corynebacterium, which led to inadequate treatment. Presentation of case: A 51-year-old male presented to an outside clinic with several weeks of subjective fevers and malaise...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174590/double-outlet-right-ventricle-with-subpulmonary-ventricular-septal-defect-taussig-bing-anomaly-and-other-complex-congenital-cardiac-malformations-in-an-american-quarter-horse-foal
#13
Rebecca Kohnken, Karsten Schober, Jennifer Godman, Alison Gardner, Tiffany Jenkins, Eric Schroeder, Peter Baker, Laura Dunbar
A 4-week-old American Quarter Horse colt presented with a recent history of diarrhea and decreased activity level. On initial physical examination, the animal was bright and alert and major findings were limited to a loud systolic heart murmur radiating widely over both sides of the thorax. While in the hospital, the clinical condition of the foal warranted further imaging to determine the cause and extent of cardiac disease. A variety of congenital cardiac malformations were identified during echocardiographic examination and autopsy, including a double outlet right ventricle and a subpulmonary interventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly), ventricular inversion with atrioventricular discordance, tricuspid valve atresia, a septum primum interatrial septal defect, mitral valve dysplasia with a cleft in the septal mitral valve cusp, aortic, and subaortic stenosis, tubular hypoplasia of the ascending aorta and the aortic arch, a patent ductus arteriosus, an aberrant circumflex coronary artery, and aberrant left and right subclavian arteries...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162281/targeted-next-generation-sequencing-identified-adamts5-as-novel-genetic-substrate-in-patients-with-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#14
Xiaoping Lin, Xianbao Liu, Lihan Wang, Jubo Jiang, Yinghao Sun, Qifeng Zhu, Zexin Chen, Yuxin He, Po Hu, Qiyuan Xu, Feng Gao, Yan Lin, Sanjay Jaiswal, Meixiang Xiang, Jian'an Wang
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid Aortic Valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart disease, affecting >1% of the general population. Up to date, three genes, NOTCH1, GATA5 and SMAD6, have been linked to the isolated form of BAV. However, potential genetic determinants remain largely unknown in most BAV patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Targeted next-generation sequencing of 7 BAV candidate genes (NOTCH1, GATA5, SMAD6, NOS3, ADAMTS5, Alk2 and SMAD2) was performed in 32 BAV patients...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157538/mast-cells-in-calcific-aortic-stenosis
#15
Ivo Šteiner, Václav Stejskal, Pavel Žáček
In developed countries, calcific aortic stenosis (CAS) has become the most common acquired valvular disease and reason for aortic valve replacement. It is considered a form of atherosclerosis and, like the latter, of inflammatory origin, with presence in the calcified aortic valves of blood vessels, lymphatics, lymphocytes, plasma cells, histiocytes, and sometimes also of metaplastic bone tissue. This study is aimed at examining the presence of CD117 - positive mast cells in CAS. In 56 examined calcified aortic valves excised by cardiac surgery, mast cells were constantly present as a part of the polymorphous cellular infiltrate; in individual cases, their numbers were 1-90 (median 24)...
July 23, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150779/perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-for-non-cardiac-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Ashraf Fayad, Sasha K Shillcutt
PURPOSE: The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has evolved to include patients undergoing high-risk non-cardiac procedures and patients with significant cardiac disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Implementation of basic TEE education in training programs has increased across a broad spectrum of procedures in the perioperative arena. This paper describes the use of perioperative TEE in non-cardiac surgery and provides an overview of the basic TEE examination. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Perioperative TEE is used to monitor hemodynamic parameters in non-cardiac procedures where there is a high risk of hemodynamic instability...
November 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149323/should-the-dilated-ascending-aorta-be-repaired-at-the-time-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-replacement
#17
Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Prem Shekar, Vladimir Ivkovic, Nicholas T Longford, Chuan-Chin Huang, Martin I Sigurdsson, Robert C Neely, Maroun Yammine, Julius I Ejilofor, Vanessa Montiero Vieira, Jasmine T Shahram, Karam M Habchi, Gregory W Malzberg, Peter S Martin, Jordan Bloom, Eric M Isselbacher, J Daniel Muehlschlegel, Thoralf M Sundt, Simon C Body
OBJECTIVES: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital valvular abnormality and frequently presents with accelerated calcific aortic valve disease, requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR) and thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Supporting evidence for Association Guidelines of aortic dimensions for aortic resection is sparse. We sought to determine whether concurrent repair of dilated or aneurysmal aortic disease during AVR in patients with BAV substantially improves morbidity and mortality outcomes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147966/polyamine-concentration-is-increased-in-thoracic-ascending-aorta-of-patients-with-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#18
Amalia Forte, Mario Grossi, Ciro Bancone, Marilena Cipollaro, Marisa De Feo, Per Hellstrand, Lo Persson, Bengt-Olof Nilsson, Alessandro Della Corte
Polyamines are cationic molecules synthesized via a highly regulated pathway, obtained from the diet or produced by the gut microbiota. They are involved in general molecular and cellular phenomena that play a role also in vascular disease. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a congenital malformation associated to a greater risk of thoracic ascending aorta (TAA) aneurysm, whose pathogenesis is not yet well understood. We focused on differential analysis of key members of polyamine pathway and on polyamine concentration in non-dilated TAA samples from patients with either stenotic tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) or BAV (diameter ≤ 45 mm), vs...
November 17, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128868/association-of-lpa-variants-with-aortic-stenosis-a-large-scale-study-using-diagnostic-and-procedural-codes-from-electronic-health-records
#19
Hao Yu Chen, Line Dufresne, Hannah Burr, Athithan Ambikkumar, Niko Yasui, Kevin Luk, Dilrini K Ranatunga, Rachel A Whitmer, Mark Lathrop, James C Engert, George Thanassoulis
Importance: Elevated lipoprotein(a) levels are a risk factor for aortic stenosis (AS). However, a large-scale replication of associations between LPA variants and AS, their interactions with risk factors, and the effect of multiple risk alleles is not well established. Objective: To replicate the association between LPA variants with AS and identify subgroups who are at higher risk of developing AS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case-control study of AS included 44 703 individuals (3469 cases) 55 years or older who were enrolled in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Aging cohort and who were members of the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care delivery system...
November 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128265/atrial-flutter-has-less-left-atrial-spontaneous-contrast-and-higher-left-atrial-appendage-emptying-velocity-compared-with-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Jennifer J Huang, Sridhar Reddy, Tam H Truong, Prakash Suryanarayana, Joseph S Alpert
BACKGROUND: The risk of stroke and thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation is established. There are clear guidelines in anticoagulation management of patient's with atrial fibrillation, however, the evidence surrounding the risk of thromboembolism in patients with atrial flutter is not as clear. We hypothesized that atrial flutter would have indicators of less risk for thromboembolism compared with atrial fibrillation on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE); thereby possibly leading to a lower stroke risk...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
21627
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"