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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731787/effect-of-euterpe-oleracea-mart-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-oil-on-dyslipidemia-caused-by-cocos-nucifera-l-saturated-fat-in-wistar-rats
#1
Belmira S Faria E Souza, Helison O Carvalho, Talisson Taglialegna, Albenise Santana A Barros, Edilson Leal da Cunha, Irlon Maciel Ferreira, Hady Keita, Andres Navarrete, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho
Dyslipidemia is caused by disturbances in lipid metabolism that lead to chronic elevations of serum lipids, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and triglycerides, increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, atherogenic processes, and cardiovascular diseases. The oil from the fruits of Euterpe oleracea (OFEO) is rich in unsaturated fatty acids with potential for treating alterations in lipid metabolism. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of OFEO on hyperlipidemia induced by Cocos nucifera L...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731640/are-products-sold-in-university-vending-machines-nutritionally-poor-a-food-environment-audit
#2
Amanda Grech, Lana Hebden, Rajshri Roy, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
AIM: (i) To audit the nutritional composition, promotion and cost of products available from vending machines available to young adults; and (ii) to examine the relationship between product availability and sales. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of snacks and beverages available and purchased at a large urban university was conducted between March and September 2014. Sales were electronically tracked for nine months. RESULTS: A total of 61 vending machines were identified; 95% (n = 864) of the available snacks and 49% of beverages (n = 455) were less-healthy items...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731610/relative-validity-of-a-2-day-24-hour-dietary-recall-compared-with-a-2-day-weighed-dietary-record-among-adults-in-south-china
#3
Hongmei Xue, Mingzhe Yang, Yan Liu, Ruonan Duan, Guo Cheng, Xiao Zhang
AIM: To determine the relative validity of a 2-day 24-hour dietary recall (HR) designed to assess energy and nutrient intake among Chinese adults compared with a 2-day weighed dietary record (WD). METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing population-based, prospective cohort study of adults aged 18-65 years in South China. A total of 41 adults completing a HR and a WD within 14 days were included in the present analysis. Estimations of individual mean differences, Spearman's correlation coefficients, cross-classifications and Bland-Altman plots were used to assess the agreement between the intakes of energy and 18 nutrients obtained from the HR and the WD...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731171/protective-role-of-pollen-typhae-total-flavone-against-the-palmitic-acid-induced-impairment-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-involving-gpr40-signaling-in-ins-1-cells
#4
Xiao-Tao Feng, Hui-Ming Duan, Shuang-Lei Li
Prolonged elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) contribute to the impairment of insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, which is partly attributed to the dysfunction of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) signaling. Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), an extract from a Chinese herbal medicine named Pollen Typhae, has been reported to effectively treat type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, severely impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a time-dependent manner in INS-1 cells, and PTF treatment prevented the impairment in a dose-dependent manner...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728407/effects-of-cooking-method-and-final-core-temperature-on-cooking-loss-lipid-oxidation-nucleotide-related-compounds-and-aroma-volatiles-of-hanwoo-brisket
#5
Dicky Tri Utama, Ki Ho Baek, Hae Seong Jeong, Seok Ki Yoon, Seon-Tea Joo, Sung Ki Lee
Objective: This study was performed to observe the effects of cooking method and final core temperature on cooking loss, lipid oxidation, aroma volatiles, nucleotide-related compounds and aroma volatiles of Hanwoo brisket (deep pectoralis). Methods: Deep pectoralis muscles (8.65% of crude fat) were obtained from three Hanwoo steer carcasses with 1+ quality grade. Samples were either oven-roasted at 180°C (dry heat) or cooked in boiling water (moist heat) to final core temperature of 70°C (medium) or 77°C (well-done)...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727955/longitudinal-child-oriented-dietary-intervention-association-with-parental-diet-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-the-special-turku-coronary-risk-factor-intervention-project
#6
Johanna M Jaakkola, Katja Pahkala, Tapani Rönnemaa, Jorma Viikari, Harri Niinikoski, Eero Jokinen, Hanna Lagström, Antti Jula, Olli Raitakari
Background The child-oriented dietary intervention given in the prospective Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) has decreased the intake of saturated fat and lowered serum cholesterol concentration in children from infancy until early adulthood. In this study, we investigated whether the uniquely long-term child-oriented intervention has affected also secondarily parental diet and cardio-metabolic risk factors. Methods The STRIP study is a longitudinal, randomized infancy-onset atherosclerosis prevention trial continued from the child's age of 8 months to 20 years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727953/fatty-acid-composition-of-plasma-phosphatidylcholine-determines-body-fat-parameters-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-related-traits
#7
Miroslav Zeman, Marek Vecka, Michal Burda, Eva Tvrzická, Barbora Staňková, Jaroslav Macášek, Aleš Žák
BACKGROUND: This study examines the associations of fatty acids (FAs) in plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC) with the anthropometrical and biochemical characteristic of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related traits. METHODS: We analyzed the FA profiles of PC in 300 persons with MetS-related traits (152 M/148F, mean age 46.9 ± 9.0 years) and in 70 healthy controls of the same age using a balanced men/women ratio and gas-liquid chromatography. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the coefficients of determination (R(2)) using FA proportions of the mentioned proband characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727102/effects-of-lipid-form-and-source-on-digestibility-of-fat-and-fatty-acids-in-growing-pigs
#8
Z C Li, Y B Su, X H Bi, Q Y Wang, J Wang, J B Zhao, L Liu, F L Wang, D F Li, C H Lai
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of source (corn DDGS, rice bran, or soybean) or form of oil (extracted or intact) on apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and true total tract digestibility (TTTD) of acid-hydrolyzed ether extract (AEE) and fatty acids. The study determined and compared the ATTD or TTTD of AEE and fatty acids in extracted corn oil, rice oil, and soybean oil with intact oil in corn DDGS, full-fat rice bran, and full-fat soybean. Seventy-eight barrows (initial BW = 47...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727051/carotenoid-intake-and-scd-genotype-exert-complementary-effects-over-fat-content-and-fatty-acid-composition-in-duroc-pigs
#9
E Henriquez-Rodriguez, R N Pena, A R Seradj, L Fraile, P Christou, M Tor, J Estany
Nutritional and genetic strategies are needed to enhance intramuscular fat (IMF) and MUFA content without altering carcass leanness. Dietary vitamin A restriction has been suggested to specifically promote IMF, whereas a polymorphism of the () gene has shown to specifically increase MUFA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of provitamin A (PVA) carotenoid intake and genotype (>) on hepatic retinoid content and on the liver, muscle (LM and gluteus medius [GM]), and subcutaneous fat (SF) content and fatty acid composition...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725923/assessing-3d-t2-fse-sequence-for-identification-of-the-normal-appendix-working-toward-a-single-sequence-mr-appendicitis-protocol
#10
Nattinee Leelakanok, Andrew S Phelps, Matthew A Zapala, Kambrie Kato, Michael Ohliger, Yi Li, Jesse Courtier
PURPOSES: To assess the ability of a single isotropic 3D T2 FSE sequence to identify the normal appendix in children with potential implication as alternative second-line modality in pediatric appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of MR abdomino-pelvis or pelvis in children from Oct 2014-Dec 2016 was done. Only exams with 3D T2 FSE sequence performed on a single scanner type were selected. Patients with history of post appendectomy, studies in which field of view did not include ileocecal valve, with technical and protocol errors, or with fat-saturated acquisition were excluded...
July 19, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724959/hepatic-metabolic-effects-of-curcuma-longa-extract-supplement-in-high-fructose-and-saturated-fat-fed-rats
#11
Fabrice Tranchida, Zo Rakotoniaina, Laetitia Shintu, Léopold Tchiakpe, Valérie Deyris, Mehdi Yemloul, Pierre Stocker, Nicolas Vidal, Odile Rimet, Abel Hiol, Stefano Caldarelli
The metabolic effects of an oral supplementation with a Curcuma longa extract, at a dose nutritionally relevant with common human use, on hepatic metabolism in rats fed a high fructose and saturated fatty acid (HFS) diet was evaluated. High-resolution magic-angle spinning NMR and GC/MS in combination with multivariate analysis have been employed to characterize the NMR metabolite profiles and fatty acid composition of liver tissue respectively. The results showed a clear discrimination between HFS groups and controls involving metabolites such as glucose, glycogen, amino acids, acetate, choline, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and β-hydroxybutyrate as well as an increase of MUFAs and a decrease of n-6 and n-3 PUFAs...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724742/the-myokine-irisin-is-released-in-response-to-saturated-fatty-acids-and-promotes-pancreatic-beta-cell-survival-and-insulin-secretion
#12
Annalisa Natalicchio, Nicola Marrano, Giuseppina Biondi, Rosaria Spagnuolo, Rossella Labarbuta, Immacolata Porreca, Angelo Cignarelli, Marco Bugliani, Piero Marchetti, Sebastio Perrini, Luigi Laviola, Francesco Giorgino
This study explored the role of irisin as a new pancreatic beta-cell secretagogue and survival factor and its potential role in the communication between skeletal muscle and pancreatic beta-cells under lipotoxic conditions. Recombinant irisin stimulated insulin biosynthesis and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a PKA-dependent manner, and prevented saturated fatty acid-induced apoptosis in human and rat pancreatic beta-cells, as well as in human and murine pancreatic islets, via AKT/BCL2 signaling...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724468/a-combined-high-sugar-and-high-saturated-fat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-more-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#13
Esther Vermeulen, Karien Stronks, Marieke B Snijder, Aart H Schene, Anja Lok, Jeanne H de Vries, Marjolein Visser, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Mary Nicolaou
OBJECTIVE: To identify a high-sugar (HS) dietary pattern, a high-saturated-fat (HF) dietary pattern and a combined high-sugar and high-saturated-fat (HSHF) dietary pattern and to explore if these dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: We used data from the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study and included 4969 individuals aged 18-70 years. Diet was assessed using four ethnic-specific FFQ. Dietary patterns were derived using reduced rank regression with mono- and disaccharides, saturated fat and total fat as response variables...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719855/high-fat-diet-and-aging-interact-to-produce-neuroinflammation-and-impair-hippocampal-and-amygdalar-dependent-memory
#14
Sarah J Spencer, Heather D'Angelo, Alita Soch, Linda R Watkins, Steven F Maier, Ruth M Barrientos
More Americans are consuming diets higher in saturated fats and refined sugars than ever before, and based on increasing obesity rates, this is a growing trend among older adults as well. While high saturated fat diet (HFD) consumption has been shown to sensitize the inflammatory response to a subsequent immune challenge in young adult rats, the inflammatory effect of HFD in the already-vulnerable aging brain has not yet been assessed. Here, we explored whether short-term (3 days) consumption of HFD would serve as a neuroinflammatory trigger in aging animals, leading to cognitive deficits...
June 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718922/physical-compatibility-between-wax-esters-and-triglycerides-in-hybrid-shortenings-and-margarines-prepared-in-rice-bran-oil
#15
Chi Diem Doan, Iris Tavernier, Sabine Danthine, Tom Rimaux, Koen Dewettinck
BACKGROUND: Wax esters contribute to the transformation of liquid oils into solid-like oleogel systems, which can act as alternatives for trans- and/or saturated fats in food products. The use of solely waxes reduces the solid content, consistency and sensory quality in the final products. Therefore, a combination of sunflower wax and palm fat in rice bran oil was created to accomplish the hybrid low-saturated shortenings and margarines with a compatible structure and lower amounts of saturated fats...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718833/coconut-oil-aggravates-pressure-overload-induced-cardiomyopathy-without-inducing-obesity-systemic-insulin-resistance-or-cardiac-steatosis
#16
Ilayaraja Muthuramu, Ruhul Amin, Andrey Postnov, Mudit Mishra, Frank Jacobs, Olivier Gheysens, Paul P Van Veldhoven, Bart De Geest
Studies evaluating the effects of high-saturated fat diets on cardiac function are most often confounded by diet-induced obesity and by systemic insulin resistance. We evaluated whether coconut oil, containing C12:0 and C14:0 as main fatty acids, aggravates pressure overload-induced cardiomyopathy induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in C57BL/6 mice. Mortality rate after TAC was higher (p < 0.05) in 0.2% cholesterol 10% coconut oil diet-fed mice than in standard chow-fed mice (hazard ratio 2.32, 95% confidence interval 1...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716163/can-nutritional-information-modify-purchase-of-ultra-processed-products-results-from-a-simulated-online-shopping-experiment
#17
Leandro Machín, Alejandra Arrúa, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Joseline Martínez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the influence of two front-of-pack nutrition information schemes (traffic-light system and Chilean warning system) on consumer purchase of ultra-processed foods in a simulated online grocery store. DESIGN: Following a between-subjects design, participants completed a simulated weekly food purchase in an online grocery store under one of three experimental conditions: (i) a control condition with no nutrition information, (ii) a traffic-light system and (iii) the Chilean warning system...
July 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714425/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-determines-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-brazil
#18
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712865/stearic-acid-suppresses-mammary-gland-development-by-inhibiting-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-through-gpr120-in-pubertal-mice
#19
Yingying Meng, Cong Yuan, Jing Zhang, Fenglin Zhang, Qin Fu, Xiaotong Zhu, Gang Shu, Lina Wang, Ping Gao, Qianyun Xi, Jiajie Sun, Yongliang Zhang, Qingyan Jiang, Songbo Wang
It has been demonstrated that dietary high fat diet negatively affects the pubertal mammary gland development. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of stearic acid (SA), an 18-carbon chain saturated fatty acid, on mammary gland development in pubertal mice and to explore the underlying mechanism. Our results demonstrated that dietary supplementation of 2% SA suppressed mammary duct development, with significant reduction of terminal end bud (TEB) number and ductal branch. In accord, the expression of proliferative marker Cyclin D1 was markedly decreased by dietary SA...
July 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711708/ezetimibe-and-simvastatin-combination-inhibits-and-reverses-the-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-atherogenic-effects-of-cream-in-obese-patients
#20
Husam Ghanim, Kelly Green, Sanaa Abuaysheh, Reema Patel, Manav Batra, Ajay Chaudhuri, Antoine Makdissi, Nitesh D Kuhadiya, Paresh Dandona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammation and postprandial lipemia are associated with increased cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether ezetimibe and simvastatin combination, a lipid lowering combination of simvastatin and ezetimibe, exerts an anti-inflammatory effect in the fasting state and after dairy cream intake. METHODS: Twenty obese patients were randomized to either ezetimibe and simvastatin combination or placebo treatment for 6 weeks. All patients were asked to ingest 33 ml of dairy cream (300 Calories) at the beginning and at the end of intervention...
June 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
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