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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530259/approach-to-the-correction-of-drooping-tip-common-problems-and-solutions
#1
P G Giacomini, S Rubino, S Mocella, M Pascali, S Di Girolamo
The drooping tip deformity is both a bothersome aesthetic feature and functional impairment of the nose. Both static and dynamic factors may affect tip appearance and it seems logical to take into account these factors when planning correction of drooping tip. Many studies have examined this topic, but its treatment remains controversial. In order to make nasal tip surgery successful, it is useful to identify the keystone anatomical characteristics of the tip itself. Naso-labial angle, nostril axis, tip rotation angle according to Frankfort plane and columellar-facial angle may be measured to assess nasal tip position...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530056/-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-israel-2016-an-update
#2
REVIEW
Michal Solomon, Eli Schwartz
Leishmaniasis is endemic in Israel and is increasing in its frequency. The pathogens that cause cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Israel are Leishmania major (L. major) and Leishmania tropica (L. tropica). In recent years, there have been significant changes in the distribution of these species. L. major is endemic mainly in the Negev, Arava and the Beit She'an Valley. L. tropica is endemic in Tiberias, northern Sea of Galilee, Samaria and in the vicinity of Jerusalem such as at Kfar Adumim, Ma'ale Adumim and Anathoth (north-east of Jerusalem)...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523332/apert-syndrome-clinical-case
#3
Mirela Anişoara Siminel, Cristian Ovidiu NeamŢu, Damian DiŢescu, Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Alexandru Cristian Comănescu, Marius Bogdan Novac, Simona Daniela NeamŢu, Adrian Gluhovschi
Apert syndrome - acrocephalosyndactyly - is a rare autosomal dominant disorder representing 1:65 000 cases of living newborns. Characteristic malformations of the Apert syndrome are early craniostenosis, microviscerocranium and II-V finger syndactyly of hand and toes with proximal phalanx of the bilateral thumb "in delta". It is difficult to determine prenatal diagnosis in the second quarter, when examining the morphology of fetal signs; the dysmorphism signs appeared in the third pregnancy quarter. We present here the case of a newborn with Apert syndrome that was born prematurely in our Clinic after a monitored pregnancy, where there was issued a suspicion of cranio-facial dysmorphism, malposition and malformation of the feet and hands in the third quarter of prenatal pregnancy...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513974/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-outcomes-in-immunocompetent-and-immunocompromised-patients-a-single-center-experience
#4
Sally Alrabaa, Ripal Jariwala, Kristen Zeitler, Jose Montero
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major infectious disease focus for which fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been used with success in various patient populations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of FMT in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients to review outcomes at our center, with a focus on identifying risk factors for FMT failure in solid organ transplant (SOT) patients. FMT was conducted using universal banked frozen stool via naso-duodenal tube in patients with recurrent CDI of 3 or more episodes per our institutional protocol...
May 17, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513864/the-influence-of-non-rigid-anatomy-and-patient-positioning-on-endoscopy-ct-image-registration-in-the-head-and-neck
#5
W Scott Ingram, Jinzhong Yang, Richard Wendt, Beth M Beadle, Arvind Rao, Xin A Wang, Laurence E Court
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of non-rigid anatomy and differences in patient positioning between CT acquisition and endoscopic examination on endoscopy-CT image registration in the head and neck. METHODS: Radiotherapy planning CTs and 31-35 daily treatment-room CTs were acquired for nineteen patients. Diagnostic CTs were acquired for thirteen of the patients. The surfaces of the airways were segmented on all scans and triangular meshes were created to render virtual endoscopic images with a calibrated pinhole model of an endoscope...
May 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489237/medially-displaced-common-and-internal-carotid-arteries-presenting-as-a-pulsatile-mass-clinicoradiologic-analysis-of-62-cases
#6
Ilker Burak Arslan, Yildiz Arslan, Erhan Demirhan, Selahattin Genc, Yeliz Pekcevik, Levent Altin, Zahide Yilmaz, Ibrahim Cukurova
We conducted a prospective study to analyze the medially displaced courses of the common carotid artery (CCA) and the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in patients who were diagnosed with a pulsatile mass on nasopharyngolaryngoscopy and by clinicoradiologic findings. Our study group was made up of 62 patients-40 women and 22 men, aged 30 to 88 years (mean: 63.7)-who presented with a submucosal pseudomass or a bulging mass on the pharyngeal wall with obvious pulsation. For comparison purposes, we recruited a control group of 62 consecutively presenting patients who had been admitted to our Neurology Department with acute severe headache and who had undergone CT angiography based on a suspicion of an aneurysm or a vertebral or carotid artery dissection...
April 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476105/case-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-hiv-infected-patient-revealed-by-nasal-involvement-with-maxillary-osteolysis
#7
A C Lehur, M Zielinski, J Pluvy, V Grégoire, S Diamantis, A Bleibtreu, C Rioux, A Picard, D Vallois
BACKGROUND: Disseminated Histoplasmosis (DH) is a rare manifestation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in European countries. Naso-maxillar osteolysis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) is unusual in endemic countries and has never been reported in European countries. Differential diagnoses such as malignant tumors, cocaine use, granulomatosis, vasculitis and infections are more frequently observed and could delay and/or bias the final diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an immunocompromised patient infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with naso-maxillar histoplasmosis in a non-endemic country...
May 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468136/craniofacial-deviations-in-the-children-with-nasal-obstruction
#8
Ayca Ant, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloglu, Metin Yilmaz, Alper Dilci
Nasal obstruction mainly caused by adenoid hypertrophy in children affects the craniofacial growth and development process, and the craniofacial deviations and/or differences reported in the children are very similar to those in the adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The authors aimed to look for relationships of the linear craniofacial dimensions in the children suffering from nasal obstruction with age, degree of clinical nasal obstruction score (CNOS), and relative size of the adenoid mass within the nasopharynx in their study...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463578/comparison-of-naso-temporal-asymmetry-during-monocular-smooth-pursuit-optokinetic-nystagmus-and-ocular-following-response-in-strabismic-monkeys
#9
Anand C Joshi, Mehmet N Agaoglu, Vallabh E Das
PURPOSE: Under monocular viewing conditions, humans and monkeys with infantile strabismus exhibit asymmetric naso-temporal (N-T) responses to motion stimuli. The goal of this study was to compare and contrast these N-T asymmetries during 3 visually mediated eye tracking tasks-optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), smooth pursuit (SP) response, and ocular following responses (OFR). METHODS: Two adult strabismic monkeys were tested under monocular viewing conditions during OKN, SP, or OFR stimulation...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442708/the-complete-12%C3%A2-mb-genome-and-transcriptome-of-nonomuraea-gerenzanensis-with-new-insights-into-its-duplicated-magic-rna-polymerase
#10
Valeria D'Argenio, Mauro Petrillo, Daniela Pasanisi, Caterina Pagliarulo, Roberta Colicchio, Adelfia Talà, Maria Stella de Biase, Mario Zanfardino, Emanuela Scolamiero, Chiara Pagliuca, Antonio Gaballo, Annunziata Gaetana Cicatiello, Piergiuseppe Cantiello, Irene Postiglione, Barbara Naso, Angelo Boccia, Miriana Durante, Luca Cozzuto, Paola Salvatore, Giovanni Paolella, Francesco Salvatore, Pietro Alifano
In contrast to the widely accepted consensus of the existence of a single RNA polymerase in bacteria, several actinomycetes have been recently shown to possess two forms of RNA polymerases due the to co-existence of two rpoB paralogs in their genome. However, the biological significance of the rpoB duplication is obscure. In this study we have determined the genome sequence of the lipoglycopeptide antibiotic A40926 producer Nonomuraea gerenzanensis ATCC 39727, an actinomycete with a large genome and two rpoB genes, i...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414415/ultrasonography-for-confirmation-of-gastric-tube-placement
#11
REVIEW
Hiraku Tsujimoto, Yasushi Tsujimoto, Yukihiko Nakata, Mai Akazawa, Yuki Kataoka
BACKGROUND: Gastric tubes are commonly used for the administration of drugs and tube feeding for people who are unable to swallow. Feeding via a tube misplaced in the trachea can result in severe pneumonia. Therefore, the confirmation of tube placement in the stomach after tube insertion is important. Recent studies have reported that ultrasonography provides good diagnostic accuracy estimates in the confirmation of appropriate tube placement. Hence, ultrasound could provide a promising alternative to X-rays in the confirmation of tube placement, especially in settings where X-ray facilities are unavailable or difficult to access...
April 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412785/-functional-repair-of-cleft-lip-from-anatomical-resetting-to-biomechanical-simulation
#12
N B Yin
We are no longer entangled in the anatomical resetting of the labial-nasal muscle itself, but the sight to the muscle fiber level, to study the relationship between the muscle fiber force line and the labial-nasal shape. In the past ten years, we focused on the lip of nasal muscle fiber anatomy, imageology and biomechanics, carried out a series of research works, realized the three-dimensional (3D) visualization of small labial-nasal muscle fiber, established configuration models of normal and cleft lip with nasal muscle fibers, and put forward the hypothesis of naso-labial muscle tension band...
April 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399933/intranasal-sedation-using-ketamine-and-midazolam-for-pediatric-dental-treatment-naso-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Heloisa Sousa Gomes, Analya Rodrigues Miranda, Karolline Alves Viana, Aline Carvalho Batista, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Anelise Daher, Geovanna de Castro Morais Machado, Joji Sado-Filho, Liliani Aires Candido Vieira, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Marie Therese Hosey, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Uncooperative children may need to receive dental treatment under sedation, which is indicated when nonpharmacological behavior guidance is unsuccessful. There are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different sedative protocols for dental procedures; however, the evidence for superiority of one form over another is weak. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of intranasally administered ketamine plus midazolam for the dental treatment of children...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364311/erratum-to-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-comparison-prevalence-metabolic-profile-and-key-differences-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italian-hospitalized-elderly
#14
Simone Perna, Gabriella Peroni, Milena Anna Faliva, Arianna Bartolo, Maurizio Naso, Alessandra Miccono, Mariangela Rondanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362047/the-vietnamese-pig-as-a-translational-animal-model-to-evaluate-tissue-engineered-heart-valves-promising-early-experience
#15
Michele Gallo, Helen Poser, Tommaso Bottio, Antonella Bonetti, Paolo Franci, Filippo Naso, Edward Buratto, Fabio Zanella, Giovanni Perona, Carlo Dal Lin, Roberto Bianco, Michele Spina, Roberto Busetto, Maurizio Marchini, Fulvia Ortolani, Laura Iop, Gino Gerosa
Several animal models are currently used for the surgical implantation of either biologic or biopolymeric scaffolds in order to provide in vivo assessment of tissue-engineered heart valves. The Vietnamese pig (VP) is herein proposed as a suitable recipient to test the function of novel bioengineered valve substitutes, in the reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). This review aims to provide a complete and exhaustive panel of physiological parameters and methodological information for preclinical studies of tissue-engineered heart valves in the VP animal model...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361743/the-role-of-nutritional-assessment-and-early-enteral-nutrition-for-combined-pancreas-and-kidney-transplant-candidates
#16
Sally Finlay, Argiris Asderakis, Adel Ilham, Doruk Elker, Dawn Chapman, Elijah Ablorsu
BACKGROUND: Early post-operative enteral nutrition is an important part of perioperative management and is strongly supported by ESPEN Guidelines. However, there is limited evidence into the use of Early Enteral Nutrition (EEN) after combined Pancreas and Kidney Transplantation (PKT). We know malnutrition in type-1 diabetics with end stage renal failure (ESRF) is a common problem and a significant risk factor. Therefore, we introduced EEN in our patients. METHOD: We monitored and recorded nutritional data on 29 PKT recipients who underwent transplantation between Oct 2007 and Jan 2010 without a nutritional assessment or EEN [Monitored Group (MG)] and on 30 PKT recipients between Feb 2010 and Dec 2013 who received a nutritional assessment and EEN (Naso-jejunal feed or oral intake with supplementation, according to their nutritional status) [Fed Group (FG)]...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361023/pharyngeal-airway-dimensions-in-skeletal-class-ii-a-cephalometric-growth-study
#17
Ozge Uslu-Akcam
PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal dimensions of individuals with skeletal class II, division 1 and division 2 patterns during the pre-peak, peak, and post-peak growth periods for comparison with a skeletal class I control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally 124 lateral cephalograms (47 for skeletal class I; 45 for skeletal class II, division 1; and 32 for skeletal class II, division 2) in pre-peak, peak, and post-peak growth periods were selected from the department archives...
March 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356694/naso-orbital-fistula-and-socket-reconstruction-with-radial-artery-forearm-flap-following-orbital-mucormycosis
#18
Ankur Bhatnagar, Amit Agarwal
Invasive mucormycosis is an uncommon cause of orbital exenteration. Reconstruction of an exenterated orbit is a surgical challenge. The loss of eyelids, adnexal structures, and even surrounding skin causes significant facial disfigurement. The goal for reconstruction demands a symmetrical orbital cavity with good prosthetic rehabilitation. Multiple reconstructive options in the form of skin grafts, local flaps, and free flaps are available. However, none of them provide ideal reconstruction. Our patient not only had extensive soft-tissue loss and unstable lining but also a large naso-orbital fistula...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346645/facial-trauma-caused-by-electronic-cigarette-explosion
#19
Brian Vaught, Joseph Spellman, Anil Shah, Alexander Stewart, David Mullin
Electronic cigarettes are increasingly popular as a supposed safer alternative to tobacco cigarettes or a smoking cessation tool. Research and debate have focused primarily on possible adverse effects caused by the inhaled aerosol produced by electronic cigarettes and on smoking cessation efficacy. Few reports in the medical literature describe injuries secondary to device malfunction. We present a case of electronic cigarette explosion, with a projectile fracturing the patient's right naso-orbital-ethmoid complex and anterior and posterior frontal sinus tables, with frontal sinus outflow tract involvement...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344182/repair-of-frontoethmoidal-encephalocele-in-the-philippines-an-account-of-30-cases-between-2008-2013
#20
Amanda-Lynn Marshall, Pradeep Setty, Mark Hnatiuk, Daniel R Pieper
BACKGROUND: Frontoethmoidal encephalocele is a congenital abnormality of the anterior skull base involving herniation of cranial contents through a midline skull defect. Patency of the foramen cecum, along with other multifactorial variables, contribute to the development of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles. Due to limited resources, financial constraints, and lack of surgical expertise, repair of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles are limited in developing countries. METHODS: Between 2008-2013 an interdisciplinary team composed of neurosurgeons, craniofacial surgeons, otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons and nursing personnel, conducted surgical mission trips to Davao City in Mindanao, Philippines...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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