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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156547/knowledge-and-practices-of-toxoplasmosis-among-clinical-laboratory-professionals-a-cross-sectional-study-in-durango-mexico
#1
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Luis Omar Berumen-Segovia, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Yazmin Del Rosario Rico-Almochantaf, Alfredo Cisneros-Camacho, Jorge Arturo Cisneros-Martínez
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the level of knowledge and practices about toxoplasmosis in a sample of clinical laboratory professionals in Mexico. Methods: 192 clinical laboratory professionals were surveyed. They were asked about (1) Toxoplasma gondii; (2) clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and epidemiology of toxoplasmosis; and (3) their practices with respect to toxoplasmosis. Results: The range of animals infected by T. gondii was known by 44.8% of participants. Clinical aspects of toxoplasmosis were known by up to 44...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156486/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives
#2
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the society for Obstetric anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155531/a-review-of-the-available-guidance-regarding-management-of-medical-emergencies-in-primary-dental-care
#3
Suzanne Lello, Julie Burke, Kathryn Taylor
This article provides an overview of the recent changes in guidance relating to the management of medical emergencies in primary dental care in the UK. The guidance relating to automated external defibrillators is also presented. The expectations of our regulatory bodies are discussed, as are the requirements for continued professional development. The potential shortcomings of the changes to the guidance are also discussed, as well as proposed solutions, such as the development of algorithms to use in a dental practice setting...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155443/the-philosophy-of-practice-for-comprehensive-medication-management-evaluating-its-meaning-and-application-by-practitioners
#4
Deborah L Pestka, Lindsay A Sorge, Mary Roth McClurg, Todd D Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: Philosophy of practice is the foundation to any patient care practice as it provides a set of professional values and beliefs that guide actions and decisions in practice. Study objectives were to understand how pharmacists providing comprehensive medication management (CMM) describe their philosophy of practice and compare how participants' philosophies align with predefined tenets of a CMM philosophy of practice. METHODS: An instrument with closed and open-ended items was developed and administered online to the lead pharmacist at 36 clinics participating in a large CMM study...
November 20, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154980/treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-from-ultrasonography-to-ultrasound-surgery
#5
David Petrover, Pascal Richette
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome. The majority of cases are due to compression or irritation of the median nerve in the carpal canal. It is diagnosed clinically, often being confirmed by an electromyogram, while ultrasonography criteria have become increasingly useful for the diagnosis. Ultrasonography is better tolerated, less expensive, yet just as effective as other diagnostic methods. It provides a good indication of the severity of the condition and it allows anatomical variants to be discerned...
November 15, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154853/standards-and-guidelines-for-validating-next-generation-sequencing-bioinformatics-pipelines-a-joint-recommendation-of-the-association-for-molecular-pathology-and-the-college-of-american-pathologists
#6
REVIEW
Somak Roy, Christopher Coldren, Arivarasan Karunamurthy, Nefize S Kip, Eric W Klee, Stephen E Lincoln, Annette Leon, Mrudula Pullambhatla, Robyn L Temple-Smolkin, Karl V Voelkerding, Chen Wang, Alexis B Carter
Bioinformatics pipelines are an integral component of next-generation sequencing (NGS). Processing raw sequence data to detect genomic alterations has significant impact on disease management and patient care. Because of the lack of published guidance, there is currently a high degree of variability in how members of the global molecular genetics and pathology community establish and validate bioinformatics pipelines. Improperly developed, validated, and/or monitored pipelines may generate inaccurate results that may have negative consequences for patient care...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154185/experiential-learning-in-practice-an-ethnographic-study-among-nursing-students-and-preceptors
#7
Marta Rodríguez-García, José Luis Medina-Moya, Juan Luis González-Pascual, César Cardenete-Reyes
This study aimed to explore the reflective dialogues and processes that take place between preceptors and their nursing students and to examine how preceptors make use of their expert knowledge in order to enhance students' experiential learning during clinical placements. Two 30-h courses on reflective teaching were conducted. The study sample included 15 preceptors and 27 undergraduate nursing students. Data were collected during the course and during clinical placements at two X hospitals. Data collection included non-participatory observation and informal conversations with preceptors, in-depth interviews and focus groups...
November 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154070/complementary-and-alternative-therapies-in-dentistry-and-characteristics-of-dentists-who-recommend-them
#8
Beatrice Baatsch, Stefan Zimmer, Daniela Rodrigues Recchia, Arndt Büssing
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyse whether dentists offer or recommend complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remedies in their clinical routine, and how effective these are rated by proponents and opponents. A second aim of this study was to give a profile of the dentists endorsing CAM. DESIGN: A prospective, explorative, anonymised cross-sectional survey was spread among practicing dentists in Germany via congresses, dental periodicals and online (n=250, 55% male, 45% female; mean age 49...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153972/uses-of-oral-history-and-digital-storytelling-in-public-health-research-and-practice
#9
E K Tsui, A Starecheski
OBJECTIVES: Oral history (OH) and digital storytelling (DST) have been used in a range of ways in public health, including educating populations about health-protecting practices, advocating for improved clinical care and reflecting on public health efforts to combat infectious disease. Yet, these methods are rarely recognized for their potential to contribute to public health research and practice. The aim of this article is to assess how OH and DST have been used in the health fields and to provide examples of ways that these methods have contributed to work in several domains of public health...
November 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153825/clinician-and-manager-perceptions-of-factors-leading-to-ward-patient-clinical-deterioration
#10
Joshua Allen, Daryl Jones, Judy Currey
BACKGROUND: Improving the timely recognition and response to clinical deterioration is a critical challenge for clinicians, educators, administrators and researchers. Clinical deterioration leading to Rapid Response Team review is associated with poor patient outcomes. A range of factors associated with clinical deterioration and its outcomes have been identified, and may help with early identification of deteriorating patients. However, the relative importance of each factor on the development of clinical deterioration is unknown...
November 16, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153682/home-blood-pressure-measurement-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-hypertensive-disorders
#11
Patrick G Lan, Jon Hyett, Adrian G Gillin
OBJECTIVES: To determine if home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) provides comparable results to clinic blood pressure (BP) measurement. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, single-centre study of 37 pregnant and early post-partum women with a hypertensive pregnancy or at high-risk of developing a hypertensive pregnancy were asked to perform HBPM for a minimum period of one week. This was subsequently compared to clinic BP measurement both before and after the period of home measurement...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153080/impact-of-social-media-for-the-hematologist-oncologist
#12
REVIEW
Nour Abuhadra, Navneet S Majhail, Aziz Nazha
In the era of modern communication, the physician and patient relationship has evolved to include an entirely new dimension-social media. This new dimension offers several opportunities for patient education, research and its dissemination, and professional development for health care providers; it can also serve as a platform for addressing important public health issues. However, these advantages come with challenges such as threats to patient and professional privacy. In this article, we dissect the benefits and drawbacks of this social evolution on the practicing hematologist-oncologist...
October 2017: Seminars in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153045/treatment-of-clubfoot-with-the-modified-copenhagen-method-a-10-year-follow-up
#13
Elia Utrilla-Rodríguez, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez, Manuel Albornoz-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most frequent congenital malformations in the world. Non-operative methods follows limiting surgery to a minimum. The modified Copenhagen method has not been studied enough. STUDY DESIGN: longitudinal retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prognostic factors for clinical rehabilitation with the modified Copenhagen method in a 10-year follow-up period. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on a 10-year follow-up of 82 children diagnosed with clubfoot at birth and treated with the modified Copenhagen method...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152496/case-management-an-up-to-date-review-of-literature-and-a-proposal-of-a-county-utilization
#14
REVIEW
Elisa Fabbri, Maddalena De Maria, Luca Bertolaccini
The current phase of development of health services is characterised by multiple changes that affect the organisational models of primary production lines (hospital, clinics, etc.) and the method of use by users. The clinical governance is a "strategy by which healthcare organisations are responsible for continuous improvement in the quality of services and achievement-maintaining high professional standards, stimulating the creation of an environment that fosters professional excellence". In this perspective of clinical governance, the role of the case manager with its clinical and managerial and financial skills becomes a key figure to ensure quality as a set of aspects of efficiency, effectiveness, safety, appropriateness, participation and equity...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152329/patient-physician-collaboration-in-rheumatology-a-necessity
#15
Elena Nikiphorou, Alessia Alunno, Loreto Carmona, Marios Kouloumas, Johannes Bijlsma, Maurizio Cutolo
Over the past few decades, there has been significant and impressive progress in the understanding and management of rheumatic diseases. One of the key reasons for succeeding in making this progress has been the increasingly stronger partnership between physicians and patients, setting a milestone in patient care. In this viewpoint, we discuss the recent evolution of the physician-patient relationship over time in Europe, reflecting on the 'journey' from behind the clinic walls through to clinical and research collaborations at national and international level and the birth of healthcare professional and 'rheumatic' patient organisations...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151560/-structural-equation-modeling-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#16
Jeong Ok Ko, Myung Ha Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables influencing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adults with epilepsy in order to establish a structural model and design an intervention strategy to improve patients' HRQoL. METHODS: The selected subjects were 212 patients with epilepsy aged between 18 and 70 years who were currently receiving treatment from hospital, general hospital, and clinic. They were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The goodness of fit measures of the final hypothetical model were as follows: χ²/df=2...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151056/between-professional-values-social-regulations-and-patient-preferences-medical-doctors-perceptions-of-ethical-dilemmas
#17
Berit Bringedal, Karin Isaksson Rø, Morten Magelssen, Reidun Førde, Olaf Gjerløv Aasland
BACKGROUND: We present and discuss the results of a Norwegian survey of medical doctors' views on potential ethical dilemmas in professional practice. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2015 as a postal questionnaire to a representative sample of 1612 doctors, among which 1261 responded (78%). We provided a list of 41 potential ethical dilemmas and asked whether each was considered a dilemma, and whether the doctor would perform the task, if in a position to do so...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150423/including-children-and-young-people-in-assessments-a-practical-guide
#18
Lydia M C Green, Amanda J Friend, Rebecca J M Bardgett, Jonathan C Darling
The ability to interact with children and young people (CYP), appropriately examine and competently interpret signs is an essential skill for many medical practitioners and allied healthcare professionals; yet, how do we ensure competence in our students and trainees? One method is to include CYP in both formative and summative assessments; this provides an invaluable opportunity for examiners not only to evaluate the clinical interaction but also to gain an understanding of the CYP experience and what characteristics they value in a 'good children's doctor'...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149644/assessing-the-risk-of-laparoscopic-morcellation-of-occult-uterine-sarcomas-during-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy-literature-review-and-the-isge-recommendations
#19
REVIEW
Ornella Sizzi, Lucia Manganaro, Alfonso Rossetti, Matteo Saldari, Giuseppe Florio, Alessandro Loddo, Robert Zurawin, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
OBJECTIVE: This project of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) had the objective to review the literature and provide recommendations on the occult sarcoma risk assessment in patients who are candidates for minimally invasive gynecological surgery involving intra-abdominal electromechanical tissue morcellation. STUDY DESIGN: The ISGE Task Force for Estimation of the Risk in Endoscopic Morcellation initially defined key topics and clinical questions which may guide a comprehensive preoperative patient assessment...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#20
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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