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Clinical neuropsychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888241/neuropsychiatry-a-synthesis-of-clinical-and-scientific-fields-for-disorders-of-mind-and-body
#1
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey Cl Looi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866090/relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-nigerians-with-breast-cancer
#2
Olamijulo Adedeji Fatiregun, Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Adebayo Rasheed Erinfolami, Olubunmi Ayodele Arogunmati, Omolara Amina Fatiregun, Joseph Dada Adeyemi
PURPOSE: Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly recognised as an important indicator of outcome and well-being in oncology care. We set out in this study to evaluate whether significant association exists between anxiety disorders (ADs) and HRQoL in breast cancer, such that any intervention addressing ADs would potentially improve HRQoL. METHODS: A cross sectional evaluation of 200 attendees of an oncology clinic was done using designed questionnaire to gather socio-demographic and clinical data...
November 17, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846298/damage-in-the-multiethnic-malaysian-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-cohort-comparison-with-other-cohorts-worldwide
#3
Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Heselynn Hussein, Sakthiswary Rajalingham, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rozita Mohd, Ruslinda Mustafar
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease and despite the improvement in the survival in the past few decades, the morbidity due to disease damage remains significant. The objectives of this study were to investigate the disease damagepattern and determine the associated factors of damage in the multi-ethnic Malaysian SLE patients. We consecutively 424SLE patients who attended a consistent follow-up at the National University of Malaysia Medical Centre and Putrajaya Hospital were recruited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836181/circadian-preferences-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-bipolar-disorder-a-community-study
#4
Thaise Campos Mondin, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Fernada Pedrotti Moreira, Carolina Wiener, Jean Pierre Oses, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Karen Jansen, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess circadian preference among a community sample of people with bipolar disorder, major depression and without any mood disorders. Secondly, we investigated the association of circadian preference with cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and oxidative stress assessed by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), uric acid and Protein Carbonyl Content (PCC). METHOD: A cross-sectional study nested in a population-based sample...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833249/quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-poststroke-clinic-attendees-at-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-nigeria
#5
Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini, Victor O Olisah
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) measures are effective in quantifying disease burden after stroke, more so than levels of debility. The objective of this study is to determine QOL and associated factors of stroke survivors in Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy stroke survivors (study sample) and seventy stable hypertensive patients (control sample) attending clinics at a Nigerian hospital were recruited for the study. Respondents were assessed using sociodemographic/clinical questionnaires, modified mini-mental state examination, modified Rankin Scale, schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry, and World Health Organization-QOL-BREF...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825787/-i-swear-it-is-tourette-s-on-functional-coprolalia-and-other-tic-like-vocalizations
#7
Christos Ganos, Mark J Edwards, Kirsten Müller-Vahl
Coprolalia in neuropsychiatry is typically associated with tic disorders, in particular Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. To date, there has been no report of functional coprolalia. Here, we provide the clinical characteristics of 13 adolescent and adult patients with coprolalic and other functional tic-like complex vocalizations who, on the basis of these symptoms, were misdiagnosed with a primary tic disorder, most commonly Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. We describe similarities and highlight the differences from primary tic disorders in order to provide a pragmatic list of clinical clues that will facilitate correct diagnostic labeling and thereby treatment...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818061/young-children-who-screen-positive-for-autism-stability-change-and-comorbidity-over-two-years
#8
Anne-Katrin Kantzer, Elisabeth Fernell, Joakim Westerlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Carmela Miniscalco
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a wide variety of clinical phenotypes and co-occurrences with other neurodevelopmental conditions. Symptoms may change over time. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to prospectively follow 96 children, initially assessed for suspected ASD at an average age of 2.9 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All children had been identified with autistic symptoms in a general population child health screening program, and had been referred to the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden for further assessment by a multi-professional team at Time 1 (T1)...
November 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719844/neurologic-approaches-to-hysteria-psychogenic-and-functional-disorders-from-the-late-19th-century-onwards
#9
J Stone
The history of functional neurologic disorders in the 20th century from the point of view of the neurologist is U-shaped. A flurry of interest between the 1880s and early 1920s gave way to lack of interest, skepticism, and concern about misdiagnosis. This was mirrored by increasing professional and geographic divisions between neurology and psychiatry after the First World War. In the 1990s the advent of imaging and other technology highlighted the positive nature of a functional diagnosis. Having been closer in the early 20th century but later more separate, these disorders are now once again the subject of academic and clinical interest, although arguably still very much on the fringes of neurology and neuropsychiatry...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716514/mood-disorders-and-biological-rhythms-in-young-adults-a-large-population-based-study
#10
Thaíse Campos Mondin, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Karen Jansen, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
BACKGROUND: It is known that sleep disturbance has been considered a trait-marker of mood disorders. However, the role of disruptions in biological rhythms, such as eating, activity, and social patterns, needs to be better understood. AIM: To assess the differences in biological rhythms in subjects with bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and healthy controls. We also tested the association between disruptions of biological rhythms and circadian preferences...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567282/diagnostic-validity-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-2-phq-2-among-ethiopian-adults
#11
Bizu Gelaye, Ijala Wilson, Hanna Y Berhane, Negussie Deyessa, Yonas Bahretibeb, Dawit Wondimagegn, Teshome Shibre Kelkile, Yemane Berhane, Jesse R Fann, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) is an ultra-brief questionnaire widely used by researchers and clinicians to detect major depressive disorder (MDD). Despite its individual and societal impact, MDD is often undetected and untreated particularly among sub-Saharan Africans. We conducted this study to evaluate the reliability and validity of using the PHQ-2 as a screen for MDD among Ethiopian adults. METHODS: A total of 926 adults attending outpatient departments in a major referral hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia participated in this study...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478378/zika-virus-challenges-for-neuropsychiatry
#12
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Simões E Silva, Janaina Matos Moreira, Roberta Maia Castro Romanelli, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
Before 2007, Zika virus (ZIKV) was generally considered as an arbovirus of low clinical relevance, causing a mild self-limiting febrile illness in tropical Africa and Southeast Asia. Currently, a large, ongoing outbreak of ZIKV that started in Brazil in 2015 is spreading across the Americas. Virus infection during pregnancy has been potentially linked to congenital malformations, including microcephaly. In addition to congenital malformations, a temporal association between ZIKV infection and an increase in cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome is currently being observed in several countries...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420133/adverse-childhood-life-events-and-postpartum-psychosis-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
A Perry, K Gordon-Smith, A Di Florio, L Forty, N Craddock, L Jones, I Jones
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder are at increased risk of postpartum psychosis. Adverse childhood life events have been associated with depression in the postpartum period, but have been little studied in relation to postpartum psychosis. In this study we investigated whether adverse childhood life events are associated with postpartum psychosis in a large sample of women with bipolar I disorder. METHODS: Participants were 432 parous women with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder recruited into the Bipolar Disorder Research Network (www...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355575/neuropsychiatry-of-fragile-x-premutation-carriers-with-and-without-fragile-x-associated-tremor-ataxia-syndrome-implications-for-neuropsychology
#14
James A Bourgeois
OBJECTIVES: Clinical neuropsychologists benefit from clinical currency in recently ascertained neuropsychiatric illness, such as fragile X premutation (FXPM) disorders. The author reviewed the clinical literature through 2016 for neuropsychiatric phenotypes in FXPM disorders, including patients with fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). METHODS: A PubMed search using the search terms 'Fragile X,' 'Premutation,' 'Carriers,' 'Psychiatric,' 'Dementia,' 'Mood,' and 'Anxiety' for citations in the clinical literature through 2016 was reviewed for studies specifically examining the neuropsychiatric phenotype in FXPM patients...
August 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322690/the-intentional-brain-a-short-history-of-neuropsychiatry
#15
REVIEW
Michael Trimble
Neuropsychiatry has had different meanings at different times in the history of clinical neuroscience. In this article, the origins of what has become today's neuropsychiatry are briefly explored, hopefully revealing a number of pioneers of the discipline, some of the names being familiar to many readers, others however being less recognized or even unknown to those who today would wish to carry the moniker of a neuropsychiatrist. It explores the rise of what I refer to as modern or today's neuropsychiatry, and empathizes a phenomenological approach to clinical understanding, and the fact that neuropsychiatry it is a discipline in its own right and not just a wing of psychiatry or a bridge between neurology and psychiatry...
June 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270675/-impact-of-acquired-brain-injury-towards-the-community-integration-employment-outcome-disability-and-dependence-two-years-after-injury
#16
P Luna-Lario, N Ojeda, J Tirapu-Ustarroz, J Pena
AIMS: To analyze the impact of acquired brain injury towards the community integration (professional career, disability, and dependence) in a sample of people affected by vascular, traumatic and tumor etiology acquired brain damage, over a two year time period after the original injury, and also to examine what sociodemographic variables, premorbid and injury related clinical data can predict the level of the person's integration into the community. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 106 adults sample suffering from acquired brain injury who were attended by the Neuropsychology and Neuropsychiatry Department at Hospital of Navarra (Spain) affected by memory deficit as their main sequel...
June 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269867/anxiety-disorders-in-breast-cancer-prevalence-types-and-determinants
#17
Olamijulo A Fatiregun, Andrew T Olagunju, Adebayo R Erinfolami, Omolara A Fatiregun, Olubunmi A Arogunmati, Joseph D Adeyemi
The coexistence of anxiety disorders among women with breast cancer has been linked with delay in diagnosis, treatment abandonment, and poor quality of life. This study investigated anxiety disorders with their determinants among 200 participants with histological diagnosis of breast cancer. A questionnaire was designed to elicit sociodemographic and clinical factors, while the schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry (SCAN) was used to ascertain the presence of anxiety disorders. The mean age of participants was 49...
September 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247844/clinical-presentation-and-course-of-persistent-delusional-disorder-data-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#18
Karishma R Kulkarni, Rashmi Arasappa, Krishna M Prasad, Amit Zutshi, Prabhat K Chand, Kesavan Muralidharan, Pratima Murthy
OBJECTIVE: Despite its long history as a psychiatric diagnosis, little is known about the sociodemographic and clinical profile of persistent delusional disorder (PDD) or its subtypes, treatment response, and outcomes, particularly in India. We examined the clinical characteristics and course of PDD in patients presenting to a tertiary neuropsychiatry center in India. METHOD: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with PDD (ICD-10) between January 2000 and May 2014 was conducted...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236408/ten-year-outcomes-in-first-episode-psychotic-major-depression-patients-compared-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-patients
#19
M Heslin, J M Lappin, K Donoghue, B Lomas, U Reininghaus, A Onyejiaka, T Croudace, P B Jones, R M Murray, P Fearon, G A Doody, P Dazzan, T J Craig, C Morgan
We aimed to investigate long-term outcomes in psychotic major depression patients compared to schizophrenia and bipolar/manic psychosis patients, in an incidence sample, while accounting for diagnostic change. Based on Aetiology and Ethnicity in Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses (ÆSOP and ÆSOP-10), a first episode psychosis cohort was followed-up 10years after first presentation. The Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, WHO Life Chart and Global Assessment of Functioning were used to assess clinical, social and service use outcomes...
October 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173764/children-with-developmental-dyslexia-showed-greater-sleep-disturbances-than-controls-including-problems-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep
#20
M Carotenuto, M Esposito, S Cortese, D Laino, A Verrotti
AIM: Although there have been frequent clinical reports about sleep disturbances in children with learning disabilities, no data are available about the prevalence of sleep disturbances in children with developmental dyslexia (DD). This study evaluated sleep disturbances in children with DD referred to a hospital clinic and compared their scores with healthy controls. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 147 children (66% male) aged 10.26 ± 2.63 years who were referred by clinical paediatricians to the Clinic for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry at the Second University of Naples with DD and 766 children without DD (60% male) aged 10...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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