keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical neuropsychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227834/development-of-semi-chronic-microdrive-system-for-large-scale-circuit-mapping-in-macaque-mesolimbic-and-basal-ganglia-systems
#1
Shaoyu Qiao, Kevin A Brown, Amy L Orsborn, Breonna Ferrentino, Bijan Pesaran, Shaoyu Qiao, Kevin A Brown, Amy L Orsborn, Breonna Ferrentino, Bijan Pesaran, Shaoyu Qiao, Amy L Orsborn, Breonna Ferrentino, Kevin A Brown, Bijan Pesaran
The development of novel neurotechnologies for treating refractory neuropsychiatry disorders depends on understanding and manipulating the dynamics of neural circuits across large-scale brain networks. The mesolimbic pathway plays an essential role in reward processing and mood regulation and disorders of this pathway underlie many neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we present the design of a customized semi-chronic microdrive array that precisely targets the anatomical structures of non-human primate (NHP) mesolimbic and basal ganglia systems...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183277/language-background-in-early-life-may-be-related-to-neuropsychiatry-symptoms-in-patients-with-alzheimer-disease
#2
Yi-Chien Liu, Jung-Lung Hsu, Shuu-Jin Wang, Ping-Keung Yip, Kenichi Meguro, Jong-Ling Fuh
BACKGROUND: The relationship between early life experience and the occurrence of neuropsychiatry symptoms (NPSs) in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) is unclear. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, we prospectively recruited 250 patients with probable AD from the memory clinic of Taipei Veterans General Hospital. All patients underwent standard assessments, including brain magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography, neuropsychological tests, neuropsychiatry inventory (NPI-Q) and related blood tests...
February 10, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179810/sex-biased-cellular-signaling-molecular-basis-for-sex-differences-in-neuropsychiatric-diseases
#3
Rita J Valentino, Debra A Bangasser
The recognition that there are fundamental biological sex differences that extend beyond those that define sexual behavior and reproductive function has inspired the drive toward inclusion of both sexes in research design. This is supported by an underlying clinical rationale that studying both sexes is necessary to elucidate pathophysiology and develop treatments for the entire population. However, at a more basic level, sex differences, like genetic differences, can be exploited to better understand biology...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127577/parkinsonian-motor-impairment-predicts-personality-domains-related-to-genetic-risk-and-treatment-outcomes-in-schizophrenia
#4
Juan L Molina, María Calvó, Eduardo Padilla, Mara Balda, Gabriela González Alemán, Néstor V Florenzano, Gonzalo Guerrero, Danielle Kamis, Beatriz Molina Rangeon, Mercedes Bourdieu, Sergio A Strejilevich, Horacio A Conesa, Javier I Escobar, Igor Zwir, C Robert Cloninger, Gabriel A de Erausquin
Identifying endophenotypes of schizophrenia is of critical importance and has profound implications on clinical practice. Here we propose an innovative approach to clarify the mechanims through which temperament and character deviance relates to risk for schizophrenia and predict long-term treatment outcomes. We recruited 61 antipsychotic naïve subjects with chronic schizophrenia, 99 unaffected relatives, and 68 healthy controls from rural communities in the Central Andes. Diagnosis was ascertained with the Schedules of Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry; parkinsonian motor impairment was measured with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale; mesencephalic parenchyma was evaluated with transcranial ultrasound; and personality traits were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094464/test-retest-reliability-of-functional-connectivity-networks-during-naturalistic-fmri-paradigms
#5
Jiahui Wang, Yudan Ren, Xintao Hu, Vinh Thai Nguyen, Lei Guo, Junwei Han, Christine Cong Guo
Functional connectivity analysis has become a powerful tool for probing the human brain function and its breakdown in neuropsychiatry disorders. So far, most studies adopted resting-state paradigm to examine functional connectivity networks in the brain, thanks to its low demand and high tolerance that are essential for clinical studies. However, the test-retest reliability of resting-state connectivity measures is moderate, potentially due to its low behavioral constraint. On the other hand, naturalistic neuroimaging paradigms, an emerging approach for cognitive neuroscience with high ecological validity, could potentially improve the reliability of functional connectivity measures...
January 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079675/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-dementia
#6
Orestes V Forlenza, Júlia Cunha Loureiro, Marcos Vasconcelos Pais, Florindo Stella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article addresses intriguing questions related to the clinical intervention in distinct neuropsychiatric syndromes of patients with dementia. RECENT FINDINGS: We reviewed 154 articles published between 2015 and 2016 targeting psychopharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, and safety-tolerability concerns. We selected 115 articles addressing the purpose of this study. Of these, 33 were chosen because they were dedicated to subtopics: agitation (42), depression (33), apathy (18), sleep disorders/anxiety (8), and psychosis (4)...
March 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999521/screening-tools-for-anxiety-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#7
Brittany Litster, Kirsten M Fiest, Scott B Patten, John D Fisk, John R Walker, Lesley A Graff, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, James J Marriott, Lindsay I Berrigan, Charles N Bernstein, Ryan Zarychanski, Alexander Singer, Carol A Hitchon, Christine A Peschken, Ruth Ann Marrie
Background: Anxiety is prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Screening measures are used to identify symptoms of anxiety, but the optimal measure to screen for anxiety disorders in MS has not been established. Methods: We searched the MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES Full Text, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, and Scopus databases from database inception until August 7, 2015. Two independent reviewers screened abstracts and full-text reports for study inclusion, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919478/attitudes-to-cannabis-and-patterns-of-use-among-canadians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Emma Banwell, Bennis Pavisian, Liesly Lee, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: Canada has the highest incidence of MS worldwide. Anecdotal evidence reveals that people with MS smoke, ingest or vaporize cannabis for a multiplicity of reasons. With the legal situation in relation to use currently in flux, we undertook a study investigating patterns of use amongst people with MS and their attitudes towards the drug. METHODS: A consecutive sample of people with MS (n=246) attending a neurology (n=118) and a neuropsychiatry (n=107) clinic was enrolled and asked to complete a questionnaire containing demographic, disease and cannabis related variables...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888241/neuropsychiatry-a-synthesis-of-clinical-and-scientific-fields-for-disorders-of-mind-and-body
#9
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey Cl Looi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866090/relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-nigerians-with-breast-cancer
#10
Olamijulo Adedeji Fatiregun, Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Adebayo Rasheed Erinfolami, Olubunmi Ayodele Arogunmati, Omolara Amina Fatiregun, Joseph Dada Adeyemi
PURPOSE: Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly recognised as an important indicator of outcome and well-being in oncology care. We set out in this study to evaluate whether significant association exists between anxiety disorders (ADs) and HRQoL in breast cancer, such that any intervention addressing ADs would potentially improve HRQoL. METHODS: A cross sectional evaluation of 200 attendees of an oncology clinic was done using designed questionnaire to gather socio-demographic and clinical data...
February 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846298/damage-in-the-multiethnic-malaysian-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-cohort-comparison-with-other-cohorts-worldwide
#11
Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Heselynn Hussein, Sakthiswary Rajalingham, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rozita Mohd, Ruslinda Mustafar
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease and despite the improvement in the survival in the past few decades, the morbidity due to disease damage remains significant. The objectives of this study were to investigate the disease damagepattern and determine the associated factors of damage in the multi-ethnic Malaysian SLE patients. We consecutively 424SLE patients who attended a consistent follow-up at the National University of Malaysia Medical Centre and Putrajaya Hospital were recruited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836181/circadian-preferences-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-bipolar-disorder-a-community-study
#12
Thaise Campos Mondin, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Fernanda Pedrotti Moreira, Carolina Wiener, Jean Pierre Oses, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Karen Jansen, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess circadian preference among a community sample of people with bipolar disorder, major depression and without any mood disorders. Secondly, we investigated the association of circadian preference with cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and oxidative stress assessed by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), uric acid and Protein Carbonyl Content (PCC). METHOD: A cross-sectional study nested in a population-based sample...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833249/quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-poststroke-clinic-attendees-at-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-nigeria
#13
Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini, Victor O Olisah
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) measures are effective in quantifying disease burden after stroke, more so than levels of debility. The objective of this study is to determine QOL and associated factors of stroke survivors in Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy stroke survivors (study sample) and seventy stable hypertensive patients (control sample) attending clinics at a Nigerian hospital were recruited for the study. Respondents were assessed using sociodemographic/clinical questionnaires, modified mini-mental state examination, modified Rankin Scale, schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry, and World Health Organization-QOL-BREF...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825787/-i-swear-it-is-tourette-s-on-functional-coprolalia-and-other-tic-like-vocalizations
#15
Christos Ganos, Mark J Edwards, Kirsten Müller-Vahl
Coprolalia in neuropsychiatry is typically associated with tic disorders, in particular Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. To date, there has been no report of functional coprolalia. Here, we provide the clinical characteristics of 13 adolescent and adult patients with coprolalic and other functional tic-like complex vocalizations who, on the basis of these symptoms, were misdiagnosed with a primary tic disorder, most commonly Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. We describe similarities and highlight the differences from primary tic disorders in order to provide a pragmatic list of clinical clues that will facilitate correct diagnostic labeling and thereby treatment...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818061/young-children-who-screen-positive-for-autism-stability-change-and-comorbidity-over-two-years
#16
Anne-Katrin Kantzer, Elisabeth Fernell, Joakim Westerlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Carmela Miniscalco
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a wide variety of clinical phenotypes and co-occurrences with other neurodevelopmental conditions. Symptoms may change over time. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to prospectively follow 96 children, initially assessed for suspected ASD at an average age of 2.9 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All children had been identified with autistic symptoms in a general population child health screening program, and had been referred to the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden for further assessment by a multi-professional team at Time 1 (T1)...
November 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719844/neurologic-approaches-to-hysteria-psychogenic-and-functional-disorders-from-the-late-19th-century-onwards
#17
J Stone
The history of functional neurologic disorders in the 20th century from the point of view of the neurologist is U-shaped. A flurry of interest between the 1880s and early 1920s gave way to lack of interest, skepticism, and concern about misdiagnosis. This was mirrored by increasing professional and geographic divisions between neurology and psychiatry after the First World War. In the 1990s the advent of imaging and other technology highlighted the positive nature of a functional diagnosis. Having been closer in the early 20th century but later more separate, these disorders are now once again the subject of academic and clinical interest, although arguably still very much on the fringes of neurology and neuropsychiatry...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716514/mood-disorders-and-biological-rhythms-in-young-adults-a-large-population-based-study
#18
Thaíse Campos Mondin, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Karen Jansen, Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
BACKGROUND: It is known that sleep disturbance has been considered a trait-marker of mood disorders. However, the role of disruptions in biological rhythms, such as eating, activity, and social patterns, needs to be better understood. AIM: To assess the differences in biological rhythms in subjects with bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and healthy controls. We also tested the association between disruptions of biological rhythms and circadian preferences...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567282/diagnostic-validity-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-2-phq-2-among-ethiopian-adults
#19
Bizu Gelaye, Ijala Wilson, Hanna Y Berhane, Negussie Deyessa, Yonas Bahretibeb, Dawit Wondimagegn, Teshome Shibre Kelkile, Yemane Berhane, Jesse R Fann, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) is an ultra-brief questionnaire widely used by researchers and clinicians to detect major depressive disorder (MDD). Despite its individual and societal impact, MDD is often undetected and untreated particularly among sub-Saharan Africans. We conducted this study to evaluate the reliability and validity of using the PHQ-2 as a screen for MDD among Ethiopian adults. METHODS: A total of 926 adults attending outpatient departments in a major referral hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia participated in this study...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478378/zika-virus-challenges-for-neuropsychiatry
#20
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Simões E Silva, Janaina Matos Moreira, Roberta Maia Castro Romanelli, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
Before 2007, Zika virus (ZIKV) was generally considered as an arbovirus of low clinical relevance, causing a mild self-limiting febrile illness in tropical Africa and Southeast Asia. Currently, a large, ongoing outbreak of ZIKV that started in Brazil in 2015 is spreading across the Americas. Virus infection during pregnancy has been potentially linked to congenital malformations, including microcephaly. In addition to congenital malformations, a temporal association between ZIKV infection and an increase in cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome is currently being observed in several countries...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
keyword
keyword
21613
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"