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Clinical neuropsychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781408/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-as-a-paradigmatic-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#1
Andrea E Cavanna
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a chronic and complex tic disorder accompanied by specific behavioral problems in the majority of patients. With its multifaceted interplay between motion and emotion, this condition is a paradigmatic example of the science and art of clinical neuropsychiatry. This review article encompasses the clinical phenomenology of motor and vocal tics and associated sensory experiences (premonitory urges), as well as the behavioral spectrum of the most common comorbidities, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, affective symptoms, and impulsivity...
May 21, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748506/dietary-neurotransmitters-a-narrative-review-on-current-knowledge
#2
REVIEW
Matteo Briguglio, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Giancarlo Panzica, Antonio Malgaroli, Giuseppe Banfi, Carlotta Zanaboni Dina, Roberta Galentino, Mauro Porta
Foods are natural sources of substances that may exert crucial effects on the nervous system in humans. Some of these substances are the neurotransmitters (NTs) acetylcholine (ACh), the modified amino acids glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and the biogenic amines dopamine, serotonin (5-HT), and histamine. In neuropsychiatry, progressive integration of dietary approaches in clinical routine made it necessary to discern the more about some of these dietary NTs. Relevant books and literature from PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for data on food sources of Ach, glutamate, GABA, dopamine, 5-HT, and histamine...
May 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736067/mix-headache-a-valid-clinical-entity
#3
Tapas Kumar Aich, Uttam Gupta, Sandip Subedi
Background: Chronic daily headache (CDH) patients respond better with a combination of anti-migraine and anti-stress medications, irrespective of clinical diagnosis of chronic migraine (CM) or chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). Hypothesis: "CDH: Mix headache" type is a valid clinical entity. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 participants fulfilling the diagnosis of "primary CDH", aged between 15 and 55 years were taken up for the present study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725168/prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-among-residents-of-old-age-homes-in-northern-india
#4
Shamsi Akbar, S C Tiwari, Rakesh K Tripathi, Nisha M Pandey, Ambrish Kumar
Context: There are many factors which compelled older adults to live in old age homes (OAHs) and vulnerable to psychological problems. Studies reported high prevalence of mental health problems (20%-60%) among elderlies of OAHs. Therefore, the study was conducted to explore prevalence of psychiatric illness (PI) among residents of OAHs of Northern India. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in OAHs of Districts Bareilly, Lucknow, Varanasi, Dehradun, and Haridwar, using cross-sectional descriptive study method...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688411/relevance-of-rodent-models-of-depression-in-clinical-practice-can-we-overcome-the-obstacles-in-translational-neuropsychiatry
#5
Johan Söderlund, Maria Lindskog
The diagnosis of a mental disorder generally depends on clinical observations and phenomenological symptoms reported by the patient. The definition of a given diagnosis is criteria based and relies on the ability to accurately interpret subjective symptoms and complex behavior. This type of diagnosis comprises a challenge to translate to reliable animal models, and these translational uncertainties hamper the development of new treatments. In this review, we will discuss how depressive-like behavior can be induced in rodents, and the relationship between these models and depression in humans...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665610/-criterion-validity-of-the-german-version-of-the-ces-d-in-the-general-population
#6
Rebecca Jahn, Josef S Baumgartner, Miriam van den Nest, Fabian Friedrich, Rainer W Alexandrowicz, Johannes Wancata
OBJECTIVE: The "Center of Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale" (CES-D) is a well-known screening tool for depression. Until now the criterion validity of the German version of the CES-D was not investigated in a sample of the adult general population. METHODS: 508 study participants of the Austrian general population completed the CES-D. ICD-10 diagnoses were established by using the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN). Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis was conducted...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599811/the-pilot-survey-of-the-perception-on-the-practice-pattern-diagnosis-and-treatment-on-korean-medicine-insomnia-focusing-on-the-difference-between-korean-medical-neuropsychiatry-specialists-and-korean-medical-general-practitioners
#7
Jung-Hwa Lim, Jin-Hyung Jeong, Sang-Ho Kim, Kyeong-Ok Kim, Seung-Yeon Lee, Sang-Hyup Lee, Bo-Kyung Kim
Introduction: This study aims to investigate the clinical practice states on the diagnosis and treatment for insomnia between Korean medical general practitioners (KMGPs) and Korean medical neuropsychiatry specialists (KMNPSs). Methods: We distributed questionnaires via email or in person to 1,017 KMGPs and via email to 165 KMNPSs. We collected and analyzed responses from 305 (30.00%) KMGPs and 53 (32.12%) KMNPSs. Results: Most KMGPs and KMNPSs responded that the number of new patients visiting the clinic for treatment of insomnia was less than 10 per month (78...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587468/application-of-the-p300-event-related-potential-in-the-diagnosis-of-epilepsy-disorder-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Minju Kim, Ponnuvel Deepa, Se Jin Park, Songmun Kim
Epilepsy is one of the most serious chronical neurological disorders, affecting more than 50 million people worldwide. It can be defined as a spectrum disorder, and patients with epilepsy possess abnormalities in cognitive functions. A number of factors can cause cognitive dysfunctions in epileptic syndromes, including etiology, the age of onset, type of seizure and severity, duration, and antiepileptic drugs. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are very useful clinical and research instruments to evaluate cognitive function in patients with neuropsychiatry disorders...
March 26, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582949/-neuropsychiatry-and-computational-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Shahar Arzy
The classical model of medicine is based on, first, history taking, followed by physical examination, data analysis by the clinician and their further validation using biological tests. Based on this, the clinician may plan the medical treatment. In neuropsychiatry, this model is even more limited as physical examination is based mostly on a patient-doctor conversation, and biological or imaging tests are directed mostly to extract the structural basis for the clinical manifestations. The rapidly developing computational revolution have not yet significantly influenced this model...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569416/history-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-1800-1950-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Jean-Matthieu Périer
OBJECTIVES: This medical history historic literature review aims at understanding the evolution of the medical existence of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) over times. METHODS: Three historic research tools were used (Medic@, IndexCat, Gallica) with several keywords, exploring the years 1800-1950. Results 150 documents were obtained dating from 1803 to 1937, including 55 reviews, 44 original articles, 40 quotations, and 11 medical dictionaries. A total of 199 cases of BMS were reported which allowed for a narrative review of the early history of BMS (1800-1950)...
March 22, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558862/the-developmental-path-for-a-pediatric-neuropsychiatry-clinical-program
#11
Jay Salpekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509290/self-reference-emotion-inhibition-and-somatosensory-disturbance-preliminary-investigation-of-network-perturbations-in-conversion-disorder
#12
R Monsa, M Peer, S Arzy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurological disorder, is manifested as a neurological disturbance that is not macroscopically visible on clinical structural neuroimaging and is instead ascribed to underlying psychological stress. Known for many years in neuropsychiatry, a comprehensive explanation of the way in which psychological stress leads to a neurological deficit of a structural-like origin is still lacking. METHODS: We applied whole-brain network-based data-driven analyses on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, recorded in seven patients with acute-onset, stroke-like CD with unilateral paresis and hypoesthesia as compared with 15 age-matched healthy controls...
June 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454194/diagnostic-and-treatment-services-for-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-urban-china
#13
Xin Tong, Dongmei An, Markus Reuber, Qin Zhang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study is intended to provide an overview of diagnostic and treatment services for patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) across China. METHODS: Using a questionnaire devised by the PNES Task Force of Neuropsychiatry Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), we conducted a survey among Chinese health professionals at the Sixth Advanced International Course: Clinical Epileptology. Descriptive analyses were performed...
March 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352548/prediction-of-psychosis-across-protocols-and-risk-cohorts-using-automated-language-analysis
#14
Cheryl M Corcoran, Facundo Carrillo, Diego Fernández-Slezak, Gillinder Bedi, Casimir Klim, Daniel C Javitt, Carrie E Bearden, Guillermo A Cecchi
Language and speech are the primary source of data for psychiatrists to diagnose and treat mental disorders. In psychosis, the very structure of language can be disturbed, including semantic coherence (e.g., derailment and tangentiality) and syntactic complexity (e.g., concreteness). Subtle disturbances in language are evident in schizophrenia even prior to first psychosis onset, during prodromal stages. Using computer-based natural language processing analyses, we previously showed that, among English-speaking clinical (e...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#15
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308341/neuropsychiatry-in-demyelination-disease-using-depression-as-a-prodrome-for-early-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#16
EDITORIAL
Mrigank S Shail
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its own insulating myelin sheaths covering the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. MS patients show signs of mental illness via emotional blunting, liability, apathy, depression, irritability, and psychosis. Many psychiatrists have noted that the symptomatology of mood disorder is very similar to early signs of MS. The mechanism behind the relationship of depression with MS is not entirely understood at this point. However, through advancements in medical imaging techniques, there are now some leading explanations...
November 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246661/a-quantitative-approach-to-neuropsychiatry-the-why-and-the-how
#17
REVIEW
Martien J Kas, Brenda Penninx, Bernd Sommer, Alessandro Serretti, Celso Arango, Hugh Marston
The current nosology of neuropsychiatric disorders allows for a pragmatic approach to treatment choice, regulation and clinical research. However, without a biological rationale for these disorders, drug development has stagnated. The recently EU-funded PRISM project aims to develop a quantitative biological approach to the understanding and classification of neuropsychiatric diseases to accelerate the discovery and development of better treatments. By combining clinical data sets from major worldwide disease cohorts and by applying innovative technologies to deeply phenotype stratified patient groups, we will define a set of quantifiable biological parameters for social withdrawal and cognitive deficits common to Schizophrenia (SZ), Major Depression (MD), and Alzheimer's Disease (AD)...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200572/a-case-of-carbamazepine-induced-severe-cholestatic-hepatitis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Suhas Ganesh, Lekhansh Shukla, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is one of the widely prescribed drugs in the field of neuropsychiatry. We report a case of a 27-year-old female patient presenting with severe cholestatic hepatitis presenting after the initiation of CBZ. We establish the probability of drug-induced liver injury using Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences/Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method causality assessment scale, and the patient had high probability with a score of 9. We briefly review the literature in this field discussing the scope of the problem, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestation, course, and management...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195921/social-cognition-and-self-other-distinctions-in-neuropsychiatry-insights-from-schizophrenia-and-tourette-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy
Impairments in social cognition may reflect dysfunction of disorder specific or disorder general mechanisms. Although cross-disorder comparison may prove insightful, few studies have compared social cognition in different neuropsychiatric disorders. Parallel investigation of schizophrenia and Tourette syndrome (TS) is encouraged by similarities including the presence of problematic social behavior, echophenomena, emotional dysregulation and dopamine dysfunction. Focusing on tests of social cognition administered in both disorders, this review aims to summarize behavioral, neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings, before exploring how these may contribute to clinical symptoms...
March 2, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167880/association-between-schizophrenia-related-polygenic-liability-and-the-occurrence-and-level-of-mood-incongruent-psychotic-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
Judith Allardyce, Ganna Leonenko, Marian Hamshere, Antonio F Pardiñas, Liz Forty, Sarah Knott, Katherine Gordon-Smith, David J Porteous, Caroline Haywood, Arianna Di Florio, Lisa Jones, Andrew M McIntosh, Michael J Owen, Peter Holmans, James T R Walters, Nicholas Craddock, Ian Jones, Michael C O'Donovan, Valentina Escott-Price
Importance: Bipolar disorder (BD) overlaps schizophrenia in its clinical presentation and genetic liability. Alternative approaches to patient stratification beyond current diagnostic categories are needed to understand the underlying disease processes and mechanisms. Objective: To investigate the association between common-variant liability for schizophrenia, indexed by polygenic risk scores (PRSs), and psychotic presentations of BD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case-control study in the United Kingdom used multinomial logistic regression to estimate differential PRS associations across categories of cases and controls...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
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