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Clinical neuropsychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#1
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308341/neuropsychiatry-in-demyelination-disease-using-depression-as-a-prodrome-for-early-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#2
EDITORIAL
Mrigank S Shail
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its own insulating myelin sheaths covering the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. MS patients show signs of mental illness via emotional blunting, liability, apathy, depression, irritability, and psychosis. Many psychiatrists have noted that the symptomatology of mood disorder is very similar to early signs of MS. The mechanism behind the relationship of depression with MS is not entirely understood at this point. However, through advancements in medical imaging techniques, there are now some leading explanations...
November 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246661/a-quantitative-approach-to-neuropsychiatry-the-why-and-the-how
#3
REVIEW
Martien J Kas, Brenda Penninx, Bernd Sommer, Alessandro Serretti, Celso Arango, Hugh Marston
The current nosology of neuropsychiatric disorders allows for a pragmatic approach to treatment choice, regulation and clinical research. However, without a biological rationale for these disorders, drug development has stagnated. The recently EU-funded PRISM project aims to develop a quantitative biological approach to the understanding and classification of neuropsychiatric diseases to accelerate the discovery and development of better treatments. By combining clinical data sets from major worldwide disease cohorts and by applying innovative technologies to deeply phenotype stratified patient groups, we will define a set of quantifiable biological parameters for social withdrawal and cognitive deficits common to Schizophrenia (SZ), Major Depression (MD), and Alzheimer's Disease (AD)...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200572/a-case-of-carbamazepine-induced-severe-cholestatic-hepatitis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Suhas Ganesh, Lekhansh Shukla, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is one of the widely prescribed drugs in the field of neuropsychiatry. We report a case of a 27-year-old female patient presenting with severe cholestatic hepatitis presenting after the initiation of CBZ. We establish the probability of drug-induced liver injury using Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences/Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method causality assessment scale, and the patient had high probability with a score of 9. We briefly review the literature in this field discussing the scope of the problem, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestation, course, and management...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195921/social-cognition-and-self-other-distinctions-in-neuropsychiatry-insights-from-schizophrenia-and-tourette-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy
Impairments in social cognition may reflect dysfunction of disorder specific or disorder general mechanisms. Although cross-disorder comparison may prove insightful, few studies have compared social cognition in different neuropsychiatric disorders. Parallel investigation of schizophrenia and Tourette syndrome (TS) is encouraged by similarities including the presence of problematic social behavior, echophenomena, emotional dysregulation and dopamine dysfunction. Focusing on tests of social cognition administered in both disorders, this review aims to summarize behavioral, neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings, before exploring how these may contribute to clinical symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167880/association-between-schizophrenia-related-polygenic-liability-and-the-occurrence-and-level-of-mood-incongruent-psychotic-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#6
Judith Allardyce, Ganna Leonenko, Marian Hamshere, Antonio F Pardiñas, Liz Forty, Sarah Knott, Katherine Gordon-Smith, David J Porteous, Caroline Haywood, Arianna Di Florio, Lisa Jones, Andrew M McIntosh, Michael J Owen, Peter Holmans, James T R Walters, Nicholas Craddock, Ian Jones, Michael C O'Donovan, Valentina Escott-Price
Importance: Bipolar disorder (BD) overlaps schizophrenia in its clinical presentation and genetic liability. Alternative approaches to patient stratification beyond current diagnostic categories are needed to understand the underlying disease processes and mechanisms. Objective: To investigate the association between common-variant liability for schizophrenia, indexed by polygenic risk scores (PRSs), and psychotic presentations of BD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case-control study in the United Kingdom used multinomial logistic regression to estimate differential PRS associations across categories of cases and controls...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#7
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#8
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143197/three-cases-of-hereditary-tyrosinaemia-type-1-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-and-brain-imaging-following-treatment-with-ntbc
#9
Helen Walker, Mervi Pitkanen, Yusof Rahman, Sally F Barrington
AIM: To examine neuropsychiatric outcomes in adults with hereditary tyrosinaemia type I (HT-1), treated with 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) and correlate these with functional imaging as well as with tyrosine and phenylalanine-tyrosine (Phe:Tyr) ratios. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of three adult HT-1 patients with a particular focus on their FDG PET/CT brain scans, neuropsychiatric assessment (including neurocognitive assessment and mood and anxiety ratings) as well as mean tyrosine and phenylalanine levels and Phe:Tyr ratios for 3-month period...
November 16, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105149/a-pilot-study-investigating-the-feasibility-of-symptom-assessment-manager-sam-a-web-based-real-time-tool-for-monitoring-challenging-behaviors
#10
Samantha M Loi, Sangeeth Wanasinghage, Anita Goh, Nicola T Lautenschlager, David G Darby, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Improving and minimizing challenging behaviors seen in psychiatric conditions, including behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are important in the care of people with these conditions. Yet there is a lack of systematic evaluation of these as a part of routine clinical care. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory is a validated and reliable tool for rating the severity and disruptiveness of challenging behaviors. We report on the evaluation of a Web-based symptom assessment manager (SAM), designed to address the limitation of previous tools using some of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory functions, to monitor behaviors by staff caring for people with dementia and other psychiatric conditions in inpatient and residential care settings...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096386/cannabis-induced-psychosis-and-subsequent-psychiatric-disorders
#11
Dharav Shah, Prabhat Chand, Mrunal Bandawar, Vivek Benegal, Pratima Murthy
INTRODUCTION: Long term change in diagnosis of patients having Cannabis induced psychosis (CIP) at the index evaluation is well recognised. Some patients are known to achieve complete remission while others go on to develop independent schizophrenia or mood disorders. AIMS: To study the long-term course of CIP and factors influencing it. METHOD: Patients diagnosed as CIP (ICD 10: F12.5), admitted at NIMHANS, a tertiary neuropsychiatry centre at Bangalore, over the past 10 years were identified from medical records...
December 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058115/adolescents-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-in-italian-neuropsychiatry-services-prevalence-psychopathology-and-transition-rate
#12
Lorenzo Pelizza, Silvia Azzali, Sara Garlassi, Federica Paterlini, Ilaria Scazza, Luigi Rocco Chiri, Simona Pupo, Andrea Raballo
Studies in adolescents on ultra-high risk (UHR) and basic symptoms (BS) criteria for psychosis prediction are scarce. In Italy, early interventions in psychosis are less widespread than in other European countries. In the present study, we (1) assessed the clinical relevance of a UHR diagnosis [according to the comprehensive assessment of at-risk mental states (CAARMS) criteria] to promote the implementation of specific services for UHR adolescents into the Italian health care system; (2) described severity of positive, negative, general, and basic symptoms in UHR adolescents compared to adolescents with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and non-UHR adolescents (i...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037340/-neuropsychiatry-of-movement-disorders
#13
Juan Manuel Orjuela-Rojas, Gustavo Adolfo Barrios Vincos, Melisa Alejandra Martínez Gallego
Movement disorders can be defined as neurological syndromes presenting with excessive or diminished automatic or voluntary movements not related to weakness or spasticity. Both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD) are well-known examples of these syndromes. The high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, hallucinations, delusions, impulsivity, sleep disorders, apathy and cognitive impairment mean that these conditions must be regarded as neuropsychiatric diseases...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037336/neuropsychiatry-towards-a-philosophy-of-praxis
#14
Jesús Ramirez-Bermudez, Rodrigo Perez-Esparza, Luis Carlos Aguilar-Venegas, Perminder Sachdev
Neuropsychiatry is a specialized clinical, academic and scientific discipline with its field located in the borderland territory between neurology and psychiatry. In this article, we approach the theoretical definition of neuropsychiatry, and in order to address the practical aspects of the discipline, we describe the profile of a neuropsychiatric liaison service in the setting of a large hospital for neurological diseases in a middle-income country. An audit of consecutive in-patients requiring neuropsychiatric assessment at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico is reported, comprising a total of 1212 patients...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965430/deep-brain-stimulation-for-severe-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-label-case-series
#15
Sarah Farrand, Andrew H Evans, Simone Mangelsdorf, Samantha M Loi, Ramon Mocellin, Adam Borham, JoAnne Bevilacqua, Scott Blair-West, Mark A Walterfang, Richard G Bittar, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation can be of benefit in carefully selected patients with severe intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcomes of the first seven deep brain stimulation procedures for obsessive-compulsive disorder undertaken at the Neuropsychiatry Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital. The primary objective was to assess the response to deep brain stimulation treatment utilising the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale as a measure of symptom severity...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916014/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-pediatric-subspecialty-clinics
#16
REVIEW
Chase Samsel, Monique Ribeiro, Patricia Ibeziako, David R DeMaso
Comorbid behavioral and physical health conditions are accompanied by troubling symptom burden, functional impairment, and treatment complexity. Pediatric subspecialty care clinics offer an opportunity for the implementation of integrated behavioral health (BH) care models that promote resiliency. This article reviews integrated BH care in oncology, palliative care, pain, neuropsychiatry, cystic fibrosis, and transplantation. Examples include integrated care mandates, standards of care, research, and quality improvement by child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs) and allied BH clinicians...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900613/screening-for-developmental-disorders-in-3-and-4-year-old-italian-children-a-preliminary-study
#17
Elena Catino, Michela Di Trani, Federica Giovannone, Filippo Manti, Letizia Nunziata, Francesca Piccari, Virginia Sirchia, Lucia Vannucci, Carla Sogos
BACKGROUND: The "Osserviamo" project, coordinated by the Municipality of Rome and the Department of Pediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry of Sapienza University, aimed to validate an Italian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 and to collect, for the first time in Italy, data on developmental disorders in a sample of 4,000 children aged 3 and 4 years. The present paper presents the preliminary results of the "Osserviamo" project. METHODS: 600 parents of children between 39 and 50 months of age (divided in two age stages: 42 and 48 months) were contacted from 15 kindergarden schools...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870563/executive-dysfunction-behavioral-changes-and-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#18
Ruwei Ou, Hui Liu, Yanbing Hou, Qianqian Wei, Bei Cao, Bi Zhao, Huifang Shang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and clinical correlates of executive impairment and behavioral changes, and the determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Chinese patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 52 patients with PSP. The frontal assessment battery (FAB) was used to assess executive function, while the frontal behavioral inventory (FBI) and Neuropsychiatry Inventory (NPI) were used to assess behavioral changes...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812273/a-precision-medicine-approach-to-oxytocin%C3%A2-trials
#19
Elissar Andari, Rene Hurlemann, Larry J Young
In this chapter, we introduce a new area of social pharmacology that encompasses the study of the role of neuromodulators in modulating a wide range of social behaviors and brain function, with the interplay of genetic and epigenetic factors. There are increasing evidences for the role of the neuropeptide oxytocin in modulating a wide range of social behaviors, in reducing anxiety, and in impacting the social brain network. Oxytocin also promotes social functions in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and reduces anxiety and fear in anxiety disorders...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753469/nk1-receptor-antagonists-for-depression-why-a-validated-concept-was-abandoned
#20
REVIEW
Nadia M J Rupniak, Mark S Kramer
BACKGROUND: NK1 receptor antagonists were abandoned despite antidepressant efficacy in five randomized clinical trials. The loss of confidence may be attributed to the failure of a Phase III clinical program with the NK1 receptor antagonist aprepitant in Major Depression. This review examines how PET receptor occupancy was used to select doses for aprepitant and that these may not have achieved adequate exposure. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar, and FDA databases were searched for articles concerning NK1 receptor antagonists, human PET receptor occupancy and clinical trials in Major Depression...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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