keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tree fruit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547382/comparative-analysis-of-cherry-virus-a-genome-sequences-assembled-from-deep-sequencing-data
#1
Prasad Kesanakurti, Mark Belton, Hanaa Saeed, Heidi Rast, Ian Boyes, Michael Rott
Cherry virus A (CVA) is a ubiquitous graft-transmissible virus that mainly infects Prunus spp. Next-generation sequencing was applied to 39 tree fruit specimens infected with CVA, and 75 full and 16 partial-length CVA genome sequences were assembled. Phylogenetic analysis of these and 11 previously sequenced CVA genomes resulted in six major clusters with no observable relationship between the host and the assembled genome sequences. Recombination analysis detected four recombinants. Consistent single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) patterns were observed between the 75 full-length genomes and their sequence clouds, which supports a quasispecies model for CVA evolution...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546125/molecular-cloning-and-functional-characterization-of-coft1-a-homolog-of-flowering-locus-t-ft-from-camellia-oleifera
#2
Hengjiu Lei, Shuchai Su, Luyi Ma, Yue Wen, Xiangnan Wang
FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is an important integrator of flowering genetic pathways and plays crucial roles in flowering transition. The tea-oil tree (Camellia oleifera Abel.) is a valuable woody oil crop, but the molecular mechanisms controlling flowering are still unclear. In this study, a FT-like gene, CoFT1, was isolated and characterized from C. oleifera. The CoFT1 protein was localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm of Arabidopsis protoplasts, and exhibited no transactivation activity in yeast cells. CoFT1 was highly expressed in mature leaves and reproductive organs, such as flower buds, flowers, flower organs, and young fruits...
May 22, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541567/dna-methylation-and-small-interference-rnas-participate-in-the-regulation-of-mads-box-genes-involved-in-dormancy-in-sweet-cherry-prunus-avium-l
#3
Karin Rothkegel, Evelyn Sánchez, Christian Montes, Macarena Greve, Sebastián Tapia, Soraya Bravo, Humberto Prieto, Andréa Miyasaka Almeida
Epigenetic modifications can yield information about connections between genotype, phenotype variation and environmental conditions. Bud dormancy release in temperate perennial fruit trees depends on internal and environmental signals such as cold accumulation and photoperiod. Previous investigations have noted the participation of epigenetic mechanisms in the control of this physiological process. We examined whether epigenetic modifications were modulated in MADS-box genes, potential candidates for the regulation of bud dormancy and flowering in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L...
May 24, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540532/first-occurrence-of-sternochetus-mangiferae-fabricius-coleoptera-curculionidae-in-brazil
#4
A C Silva, M P Ricalde
Specimens of the mango stone weevil Sternochetus mangiferae (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) were found in fruits of mango from a tree in the residential area of the Rio de Janeiro, RJ. This is the first report of the S. mangiferae in Brazil, currently regulated as an absent quarantine pest in the country. A taxonomist specialized in Curculionidae confirmed the identification based on morphological diagnostics characteristics. This detection is a relevant finding, because Brazil is a major producer and exporter of mango and the main areas of mango for exportation are located very far from this detection point...
May 24, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540531/first-occurrence-of-trichogramma-bruni-nagaraja-hymenoptera-trichogrammatidae-parasitizing-eggs-of-anticarsia-gemmatalis-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-erebidae-in-brazil
#5
A C Dudczak, R B Querino, M R Foerster, L A Foerster
The occurrence of Trichogramma bruni Nagaraja (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) is described for the first time parasitizing eggs of the velvetbean caterpillar Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) in Lapa, Paraná, Brazil. This parasitoid was successfully kept in the laboratory on eggs of the velvetbean caterpillar; previously, this species was mainly associated with forest and fruit trees environments, although snap beans and other annual crops were also recorded as hosting lepidopteran eggs parasitized by T...
May 24, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539931/characterization-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-ancient-italian-landraces-of-pear
#6
Nicoletta Ferradini, Hovirag Lancioni, Renzo Torricelli, Luigi Russi, Isabella Dalla Ragione, Irene Cardinali, Gianpiero Marconi, Mauro Gramaccia, Luciano Concezzi, Alessandro Achilli, Fabio Veronesi, Emidio Albertini
Pear is one of the oldest fruit tree crops and the third most important temperate fruit species. Its domestication took place independently in the Far East (China) and in the Caucasus region. While the origin of Eastern Asian cultivars is clear, that of European cultivars is still in doubt. Italy has a wealth of local varieties and genetic resources safeguarded by several public and private collections to face the erosion caused by the introduction of improved varieties in specialized orchards. The objectives of the present study were: (i) to characterize the existing germplasm through nuclear (SSR) and (ii) to clarify the genetic divergence between local and cultivated populations through chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) markers in order to provide insights into phylogenetic relationships of Pyrus spp...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536589/the-role-of-polyphenoloxidase-peroxidase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-in-phenolics-accumulation-in-olea-europaea-l-fruits-under-different-water-regimes
#7
Marco Cirilli, Giovanni Caruso, Clizia Gennai, Stefania Urbani, Eleonora Frioni, Maurizio Ruzzi, Maurizio Servili, Riccardo Gucci, Elia Poerio, Rosario Muleo
Olive fruits and oils contain an array of compounds that contribute to their sensory and nutritional properties. Phenolic compounds in virgin oil and olive-derived products have been proven to be highly beneficial for human health, eliciting increasing attention from the food industry and consumers. Although phenolic compounds in olive fruit and oil have been extensively investigated, allowing the identification of the main classes of metabolites and their accumulation patterns, knowledge of the molecular and biochemical mechanisms regulating phenolic metabolism remains scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531303/varietal-preferences-and-within-orchard-and-tree-distribution-of-newly-recorded-gall-midges-dasineura-amaramanjarae-and-procontarinia-mangiferae-diptera-cecidomyiidae-from-commercial-mango-cultivars-in-pakistan
#8
H M Rehman, R Mahmood, M Razaq, R Saeed, M Jamil, G V P Reddy
Gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) damage mango by feeding on flowers and fruit tissues, inducing galls on leaves, and providing inoculums of anthracnose. Dasineura amaramanjarae Grover and Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt), two gall midges that damage flowers in all mango-growing areas of the world, have recently been recorded in Pakistan, and studies were conducted in 2011 and 2012 on the within-tree and orchard distribution patterns and cultivar preference of both species in Pakistan at one location (Rahim Yar Khan)...
May 22, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530615/accumulation-of-primary-and-secondary-metabolites-in-edible-jackfruit-seed-tissues-and-scavenging-of-reactive-nitrogen-species
#9
Fátima Fernandes, Federico Ferreres, Angel Gil-Izquierdo, Andreia P Oliveira, Patrícia Valentão, Paula B Andrade
Studies involving jackfruit tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) focus on its fruit. Nevertheless a considerable part of jackfruit weight is represented by its seeds. Despite being consumed in several countries, knowledge about the chemical composition of these seeds is scarce. In this work, the accumulation of primary and secondary metabolites in jackfruit seed kernel and seed coating membrane was studied. Sixty-seven compounds were identified, sixty of them being reported for the first time in jackfruit seed...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521507/biosorption-of-chromium-vi-in-aqueous-solutions-by-chemically-modified-strychnine-tree-fruit-shell
#10
E Nakkeeran, N Selvaraju
Chromium(VI) removal from aqueous solution was performed using sulphuric and phosphoric acid activated Strychnine tree fruit shell (SSTFS and PSTFS) as biosorbents. Effect of various parameters such as adsorbent dose (0.02 - 0.1g/L), temperature (303 - 333K), agitation speed, solution pH (2-9), contact time & initial Cr (VI) concentration (50-250 mg/L) were studied for a batch adsorption system. The optimum pH range for Cr(VI) adsorption was determined as 2. Equilibrium adsorption data were analyzed with isotherm models and the Langmuir and Freundlich model got best fitted for SSTFS (R(2) value-0...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516035/dna-shotgun-sequencing-analysis-of-garcinia-mangostana-l-variety-mesta
#11
Syuhaidah Abu Bakar, Suresh Kumar, Kok-Keong Loke, Hoe-Han Goh, Normah Mohd Noor
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.) is an ultra-tropical tree characterized by its unique dark purple fruits with white flesh. The xanthone-rich purple pericarp tissue contains valuable compounds with medicinal properties. Following previously reported genome sequencing of a common variety of mangosteen [1], we performed another whole genome sequencing of a commercially popular variety of this fruit species (var. Mesta) for comparative analysis of its genome composition. Raw reads of the DNA sequencing project were deposited to SRA database with the accession number SRX2709728...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515435/genetic-diversity-of-armored-scales-hemiptera-diaspididae-and-soft-scales-hemiptera-coccidae-in-chile
#12
P Amouroux, D Crochard, J-F Germain, M Correa, J Ampuero, G Groussier, P Kreiter, T Malausa, T Zaviezo
Scale insects (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) are one of the most invasive and agriculturally damaging insect groups. Their management and the development of new control methods are currently jeopardized by the scarcity of identification data, in particular in regions where no large survey coupling morphological and DNA analyses have been performed. In this study, we sampled 116 populations of armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and 112 populations of soft scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Chile, over a latitudinal gradient ranging from 18°S to 41°S, on fruit crops, ornamental plants and trees...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511694/ethephon-induced-oxidative-stress-in-the-olive-leaf-abscission-zone-enables-development-of-a-selective-abscission-compound
#13
S Goldental-Cohen, C Burstein, I Biton, S Ben Sasson, A Sadeh, Y Many, A Doron-Faigenboim, H Zemach, Y Mugira, D Schneider, R Birger, S Meir, S Philosoph-Hadas, V Irihomovitch, S Lavee, B Avidan, G Ben-Ari
BACKGROUND: Table olives (Olea europaea L.), despite their widespread production, are still harvested manually. The low efficiency of manual harvesting and the rising costs of labor have reduced the profitability of this crop. A selective abscission treatment, inducing abscission of fruits but not leaves, is crucial for the adoption of mechanical harvesting of table olives. In the present work we studied the anatomical and molecular differences between the three abscission zones (AZs) of olive fruits and leaves...
May 16, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503829/unravelling-seed-dispersal-through-fragmented-landscapes-frugivore-species-operate-unevenly-as-mobile-links
#14
Juan P González-Varo, Carolina S Carvalho, Juan M Arroyo, Pedro Jordano
Seed dispersal constitutes a pivotal process in an increasingly fragmented world, promoting population connectivity, colonization and range shifts in plants. Unveiling how multiple frugivore species disperse seeds through fragmented landscapes, operating as mobile links, has remained elusive owing to methodological constraints for monitoring seed dispersal events. We combine for the first time DNA barcoding and DNA microsatellites to identify, respectively, the frugivore species and the source trees of animal-dispersed seeds in forest and matrix of a fragmented landscape...
May 14, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503152/identification-classification-and-expression-analysis-of-gras-gene-family-in-malus-domestica
#15
Sheng Fan, Dong Zhang, Cai Gao, Ming Zhao, Haiqin Wu, Youmei Li, Yawen Shen, Mingyu Han
GRAS genes encode plant-specific transcription factors that play important roles in plant growth and development. However, little is known about the GRAS gene family in apple. In this study, 127 GRAS genes were identified in the apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) genome and named MdGRAS1 to MdGRAS127 according to their chromosomal locations. The chemical characteristics, gene structures and evolutionary relationships of the MdGRAS genes were investigated. The 127 MdGRAS genes could be grouped into eight subfamilies based on their structural features and phylogenetic relationships...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502783/evolution-expression-analysis-and-functional-verification-of-catharanthus-roseus-rlk1-like-kinase-crrlk1l-family-proteins-in-pear-pyrus-bretchneideri
#16
Xiaobing Kou, Kaijie Qi, Xin Qiao, Hao Yin, Xing Liu, Shaoling Zhang, Juyou Wu
The Catharanthus roseus RLK1-like kinase (CrRLK1L) family is involved in multiple processes during plant growth. However, little is known about CrRLK1L in the wood of the pear fruit tree Pyrus bretchneideri. In this study, 26 CrRLK1L gene members were identified in pear and were grouped into six subfamilies according to phylogenetic analyses. Evolutionary analysis indicated that recent whole genome duplication (WGD) and dispersed gene duplications may contribute to the expansion of the CrRLK1L gene family in pear...
May 10, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498991/population-differentiation-in-common-walnut-juglans-regia-l-across-major-parts-of-its-native-range-insights-from-molecular-and-morphometric-data
#17
Wladimir Roor, Heino Konrad, Davletbek Mamadjanov, Thomas Geburek
Juglans regia is an economically highly important species for fruit and wood production in the warm temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Besides the natural influence of climatic and geomorphological barriers, its genetic structure has been strongly modified by humans and the population history is still unclear. For this reason, we investigated mainly natural walnut populations across the Eurasian continent on a molecular (44 populations, 581 trees) and morphometric level (23 populations, 1391 ripe nuts)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488325/models-to-improve-the-non-destructive-analysis-of-persimmon-fruit-properties-by-vis-nir-spectrometry
#18
Giuseppe Altieri, Francesco Genovese, Antonella Tauriello, Giovanni Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: Visible-near infrared spectrometry is a technique suitable to assess chemical and physiological properties of fruit. Some models of calibration/prediction have been tested in order to assess the feasibility of a visible-near infrared sensor in order to monitor persimmon fruits colour, firmness, soluble solids, titratable acidity and soluble tannins. RESULTS: Five regression models were investigated: principal component, partial least-squares, stepwise, support vector machines and ensembles of trees...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487533/spatial-and-temporal-patterns-of-commercial-citrus-trees-affected-by-phyllosticta-citricarpa-in-florida
#19
Katherine E Hendricks, Mary Christman, Pamela D Roberts
Citrus black spot (CBS) caused by Phyllosticta citricarpa, is the most recent introduction of an exotic citrus pathogen into Florida and has been a challenge to control to date. Understanding the dispersal pattern of the disease within affected groves is vital in developing effective control strategies to limit the spread of the disease. The spatial pattern of CBS-affected trees was studied in two commercial 'Valencia' orange groves over three consecutive citrus seasons. Cluster analyses based on nearest-neighbor distance (F, G and J-functions) and pairwise distances between points (Ripley's K function, Besag's L function and the pair correlation function, g) were used to test the hypothesis of complete spatial randomness (CSR) of CBS infected trees within the groves...
May 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486930/transcriptome-profiling-of-litchi-leaves-in-response-to-low-temperature-reveals-candidate-regulatory-genes-and-key-metabolic-events-during-floral-induction
#20
Hongna Zhang, Jiyuan Shen, Yongzan Wei, Houbin Chen
BACKGROUND: Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) is an economically important evergreen fruit tree widely cultivated in subtropical areas. Low temperature is absolutely required for floral induction of litchi, but its molecular mechanism is not fully understood. Leaves of litchi played a key role during floral induction and could be the site of low temperature perception. Therefore, leaves were treated under different temperature (15 °C/25 °C), and high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) performed with leaf samples for the de novo assembly and digital gene expression (DGE) profiling analyses to investigate low temperature-induced gene expression changes...
May 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
keyword
keyword
21610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"