keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tree fruit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091760/characteristics-of-green-blue-fluorescence-generated-from-the-adaxial-sides-of-leaves-of-tree-species
#1
Masayoshi Nakayama, Tsukasa Iwashina
We discovered that some tree species have leaves whose adaxial sides show bright green-blue fluorescence upon exposure to ultraviolet irradiation. In total, 141 native Japanese species belonging to 47 families were analyzed, and the brightness of the leaf fluorescence, represented by the L* values (Lab color space) of the pictures, was evaluated. The species possessing the brightest fluorescent leaves, with L* > 50, were Camellia japonica, Camellia sasanqua, and Cleyera japonica of Theaceae, Osmanthus heterophyllus and Ligustrum japonicum of Oleaceae, Aucuba japonica of Garryaceae, and Trochodendron aralioides of Trochodendraceae...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091574/an-inert-pesticide-adjuvant-synergizes-viral-pathogenicity-and-mortality-in-honey-bee-larvae
#2
Julia D Fine, Diana L Cox-Foster, Christopher A Mullin
Honey bees are highly valued for their pollination services in agricultural settings, and recent declines in managed populations have caused concern. Colony losses following a major pollination event in the United States, almond pollination, have been characterized by brood mortality with specific symptoms, followed by eventual colony loss weeks later. In this study, we demonstrate that these symptoms can be produced by chronically exposing brood to both an organosilicone surfactant adjuvant (OSS) commonly used on many agricultural crops including wine grapes, tree nuts and tree fruits and exogenous viral pathogens by simulating a horizontal transmission event...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088491/toxicogenetic-study-of-persea-americana-fruit-pulp-oil-and-its-effect-on-genomic-instability
#3
Heloiza Diniz Nicolella, Francisco Rinaldi Neto, Mariana Beltrame Corrêa, Danillo Henrique Lopes, Edilaura Nunes Rondon, Luiz Felipe Ribeiro Dos Santos, Pollyanna Francielli de Oliveira, Jaqueline Lopes Damasceno, Nathália Oliveira Acésio, Izabel Cristina Casanova Turatti, Marcos Gomide Tozatti, Wilson Roberto Cunha, Ricardo Andrade Furtado, Denise Crispim Tavares
Persea americana Mill., commonly known as avocado, is a tree native to Central America that is widely used as a food source and for the treatment of diseases. This plant has various biological properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and total cholesterol-lowering activity. In view of its pharmacological potential, we conducted a toxicogenetic study of the fruit pulp oil of P. americana (PAO) and investigated its influence on genotoxicity induced by methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and doxorubicin. V79 cells and Swiss mice were used for the assays...
January 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088087/ethylene-biosynthesis-and-perception-during-ripening-of-loquat-fruit-eriobotrya-japonica-lindl
#4
E Alos, A Martinez-Fuentes, C Reig, C Mesejo, M J Rodrigo, M Agustí, L Zacarías
In order to gain insights into the controversial ripening behavior of loquat fruits, in the present study we have analyzed the expression of three genes related to ethylene biosynthesis (ACS1, ACO1 and ACO2), two ethylene receptors (ERS1a and ERS1b), one signal transduction component (CTR1) and one transcription factor (EIL1) in peel and pulp of loquat fruit during natural ripening and also in fruits treated with ethylene (10μLL(-1)) and 1-MCP (10μLL(-1)), an ethylene action inhibitor. In fruits attached to or detached from the tree, a slight increase in ethylene production was detected at the yellow stage, but the respiration rate declined progressively during ripening...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088045/uhplc-ms-ms-method-for-the-quantitation-of-penicillin-g-and-metabolites-in-citrus-fruit-using-internal-standards
#5
Daniele Canzani, Kevin Hsieh, Matthew Standland, Walter Hammack, Fadi Aldeek
Penicillin G has been applied to citrus trees as a potential treatment in the fight against Huanglongbing (HLB). Here, we have developed and validated a method to identify and quantitate penicillin G and two of its metabolites, penillic acid and penilloic acid, in citrus fruit using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). This method improves upon a previous method by incorporating isotopically labeled internal standards, namely, penillic acid-D5, and penilloic acid-D5...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073771/out-of-borneo-biogeography-phylogeny-and-divergence-date-estimates-of-artocarpus-moraceae
#6
Evelyn W Williams, Elliot M Gardner, Robert Harris, Arunrat Chaveerach, Joan T Pereira, Nyree J C Zerega
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The breadfruit genus (Artocarpus, Moraceae) includes valuable underutilized fruit tree crops with a centre of diversity in Southeast Asia. It belongs to the monophyletic tribe Artocarpeae, whose only other members include two small neotropical genera. This study aimed to reconstruct the phylogeny, estimate divergence dates and infer ancestral ranges of Artocarpeae, especially Artocarpus, to better understand spatial and temporal evolutionary relationships and dispersal patterns in a geologically complex region...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071794/irrigation-and-fruit-canopy-position-modify-oil-quality-of-olive-trees-cv-frantoio
#7
Giovanni Caruso, Riccardo Gucci, Maria Isabella Sifola, Roberto Selvaggini, Stefania Urbani, Sonia Esposto, Agnese Taticchi, Maurizio Servili
BACKGROUND: Fruit development and oil quality in Olea europaea L. are strongly influenced by both light and water availability. In this study the simultaneous effects of light environment and irrigation on fruit characteristics and oil quality were studied in a high-density orchard over two consecutive years. Olive fruits were harvested from three canopy positions (intercepting about 64%, 42% and 30% of above canopy radiation) of fully-productive trees subjected to full, deficit or complementary irrigation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070327/nutritional-antioxidative-and-antimicrobial-analysis-of-the-mediterranean-hackberry-celtis-australis-l
#8
Ajda Ota, Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Rajko Vidrih, Željko Prgomet, Marijan Nečemer, Janez Hribar, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Sonja Smole Možina, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, Nataša Poklar Ulrih
Celtis australis is a deciduous tree commonly known as Mediterranean hackberry or the European nettle tree. The fruit of hackberry are seldom used for nutritional purposes. The nutritional and physicochemical properties of ripe hackberry fruit from Istria (Marasi village near Vrsar, Croatia) were determined, including water, total fiber, protein, vitamin, mineral, and phenolic contents. This analysis demonstrates that the hackberry fruit is a valuable source of dietary fiber, protein, and vitamins, and of pigments such as lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin, and tocopherols...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064193/time-indices-of-multiphasic-development-in-genotypes-of-sweet-cherry-are-similar-from-dormancy-to-cessation-of-pit-growth
#9
David M Gibeaut, Matthew D Whiting, Todd Einhorn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The archetypical double sigmoid-shaped growth curve of the sweet cherry drupe (Prunus avium) does not address critical development from eco-dormancy to anthesis and has not been correlated to reproductive bud development. Accurate representation of the growth and development of post-anthesis ovaries is confounded by anthesis timing, fruiting-density and the presence of unfertilized and defective ovaries whose growth differs from those that persist to maturation. These factors were addressed to assess pre-anthesis and full-season growth and development of three sweet cherry cultivars, 'Chelan', 'Bing' and 'Sweetheart', differing primarily in seasonal duration and fruit size...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057479/main-meal-quality-in-brazil-and-united-kingdom-similarities-and-differences
#10
Bartira Mendes Gorgulho, Gerda Karolien Pot, Flavia Mori Sarti, Dirce Maria Marchioni
Consumption of fast food and ready-to-eat meals has been positively associated with obesity. In the UK, ready-made meals are more often consumed than in Brazil, a country in which nutrition transition is relatively low. This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of the main meal consumed by adults in Brazil and UK. Food record data was obtained from representative samples from UK and Brazil databases. The Main Meal Quality Index (MMQI) was applied to estimate the quality of the main meal consumed in Brazil and UK...
January 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045342/microbiological-examination-of-erwinia-amylovora-exopolysaccharide-ooze
#11
Suzanne Slack, Quan Zeng, Cory Outwater, George W Sundin
Fire blight, caused by the pathogen Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al, is the most devastating bacterial disease of pome fruits in North America and worldwide. The primary method of dispersal for E. amylovora is through ooze, a mass of exopolysaccharides and bacterial cells that is exuded as droplets from infected host tissue. During the 2013 and 2014 field seasons, 317 ooze droplets were collected from field-inoculated apple trees. Populations of E. amylovora in ooze droplets were 108 colony forming units per microliter on average (cfu/µl)...
January 3, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040226/cadmium-uptake-by-cocoa-trees-in-agroforestry-and-monoculture-systems-under-conventional-and-organic-management
#12
A Gramlich, S Tandy, C Andres, J Chincheros Paniagua, L Armengot, M Schneider, R Schulin
Cadmium (Cd) uptake by cocoa has recently attracted attention, after the European Union (EU) decided to establish values for tolerable Cd concentrations in cocoa products. Bean Cd concentrations from some cocoa provenances, especially from Latin America, were found to exceed these values. Cadmium uptake by cocoa is expected not only to depend on a variety of soil factors, but also on plant and management factors. In this study, we investigated the influence of different production systems on Cd uptake by cocoa in a long-term field trial in the Alto Beni Region of Bolivia, where cocoa trees are grown in monocultures and in agroforestry systems, both under organic and conventional management...
December 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034319/comparative-analysis-of-chloroplast-genomes-of-the-genus-citrus-and-its-close-relatives
#13
Xiaogang Liu, Hongkun Wu, Yan Luo, Wanpeng Xi, Zhiqin Zhou
The genus Citrus and its close relatives are economically and nutritionally important fruit trees. However, the huge controversy over the phylogeny of key wild species, as well as the genetic relationship between the cultivated species and their putative wild progenitors, remains unresolved. Comparative analyses of chloroplast (cp) genomes have been useful in resolving various phylogenetic issues. Thus far, the cp genomes of only two Citrus species have been sequenced. In this study, we sequenced six complete cp genomes, four belonging to the genus Citrus, and two belonging to the genera Fortunella and Poncirus, respectively...
December 30, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033680/calcification-of-the-lower-respiratory-tract-in-relation-to-flight-development-in-jamaican-fruit-bats-phyllostomidae-artibeus-jamaicensis
#14
Richard T Carter
The production of echolocation calls in bats along with forces produced by contraction of thoracic musculature used in flight presumably puts relatively high mechanical loads on the lower respiratory tract (LRT). Thus, there are likely adaptations to prevent collapse or distortion of the bronchial tree and trachea during flight in echolocating bats. By clearing and staining (Alcian blue and Alizarin red) LRTs removed from nonvolant neonates, semivolant juveniles, volant subadults, and adult Jamaican fruit bats (Artibeus jamaicensis), I found that calcification of the tracheal, primary bronchial, and secondary bronchial (lobar) cartilage rings occurs over the span of about 3 days and coincides with later developmental stages of flight and the increased production of echolocation calls...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033365/potential-exposures-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-notified-in-queensland-australia-2009-2014
#15
Damin Si, John Marquess, Ellen Donnan, Bruce Harrower, Bradley McCall, Sonya Bennett, Stephen Lambert
BACKGROUND: Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) belongs to the genus Lyssavirus which also includes classic rabies virus and the European lyssaviruses. To date, the only three known human ABLV cases, all fatal, have been reported from Queensland, Australia. ABLV is widely distributed in Australian bats, and any bite or scratch from an Australian bat is considered a potential exposure to ABLV. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Potential exposure to ABLV has been a notifiable condition in Queensland since 2005...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025314/cucumber-lure-trapping-of-zeugodacus-cucurbitae-diptera-tephritidae-in-hawaii-and-taiwan-longevity-and-nontargets-captures
#16
Eric B Jang, Lori A F N Carvalho, Chung-Chien Chen, Matthew S Siderhurst
The melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a serious pest of tropical horticulture, causing damage to cucurbits, tree fruits, and fruiting vegetables. Melon flies are especially attractive to freshly sliced cucumber, and this has led to the identification of a nine-compound kairomone lure that can be used to trap both female and male flies. In this study, a seven-compound lure, containing (Z)-6-nonenal, (Z)-6-nonen-1-ol, 1-octen-3-ol, (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal, (E)-2-nonenal, hexanal, and 1-hexanol, was formulated into PVC plugs (100 or 300 mg/plug) for field testing in wet traps...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019052/increased-pollinator-habitat-enhances-cacao-fruit-set-and-predator-conservation
#17
Samantha J Forbes, Tobin D Northfield
The unique benefits of wild pollinators to the productivity of agricultural crops have become increasingly recognized in recent decades. However, declines in populations of wild pollinator species, largely driven by the conversion of natural habitat to agricultural land and broad spectrum pesticide use often lead reductions in the provision of pollination services and crop production. With growing evidence that targeted pollinator conservation improves crop yield and/or quality, particularly for pollination specialist crops, efforts are increasing to substitute agriculturally intensive practices with those that alleviate some of the negative impacts of agriculture on pollinators and the pollination services they provide, in part through the provision of suitable pollinator habitat...
December 26, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018783/strategies-to-reconstruct-3d-coffea-arabica-l-plant-structure
#18
Fabio Takeshi Matsunaga, Jonas Barbosa Tosti, Armando Androcioli-Filho, Jacques Duílio Brancher, Evelyne Costes, Miroslava Rakocevic
Accurate model of structural elements is necessary to model the foliage and fruit distributions in cultivated plants, both of them being key parameters for yield prediction. However, the level of details in architectural data collection could vary, simplifying the data collection when plants get older and because of the high time cost required. In the present study, we aimed at reconstructing and analyzing plant structure, berry distributions and yield in Coffea arabica (Arabica coffee), by using both detailed or partial morphological information and probabilistic functions...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018379/comparative-transcriptomics-of-strawberries-fragaria-spp-provides-insights-into-evolutionary-patterns
#19
Qin Qiao, Li Xue, Qia Wang, Hang Sun, Yang Zhong, Jinling Huang, Jiajun Lei, Ticao Zhang
Multiple closely related species with genomic sequences provide an ideal system for studies on comparative and evolutionary genomics, as well as the mechanism of speciation. The whole genome sequences of six strawberry species (Fragaria spp.) have been released, which provide one of the richest genomic resources of any plant genus. In this study, we first generated seven transcriptome sequences of Fragaria species de novo, with a total of 48,557-82,537 unigenes per species. Combined with 13 other species genomes in Rosales, we reconstructed a phylogenetic tree at the genomic level...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013250/ecological-disequilibrium-drives-insect-pest-and-pathogen-accumulation-in-non-native-trees
#20
REVIEW
Casparus J Crous, Treena I Burgess, Johannes J Le Roux, David M Richardson, Bernard Slippers, Michael J Wingfield
Non-native trees have become dominant components of many landscapes, including urban ecosystems, commercial forestry plantations, fruit orchards, and as invasives in natural ecosystems. Often, these trees have been separated from their natural enemies (i.e. insects and pathogens) leading to ecological disequilibrium, that is, the immediate breakdown of historically co-evolved interactions once introduced into novel environments. Long-established, non-native tree plantations provide useful experiments to explore the dimensions of such ecological disequilibria...
December 23, 2016: AoB Plants
keyword
keyword
21610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"