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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819810/laser-assisted-surgery-of-the-upper-aero-digestive-tract-a-clarification-of-nomenclature-a-consensus-statement-of-the-european-laryngological-society
#1
Marc Remacle, Christoph Arens, Mostafa Badr Eldin, Guillermo Campos, Carlos Chiesa Estomba, Pavel Dulguerov, Ivana Fiz, Anastasios Hantzakos, Jerôme Keghian, Francesco Mora, Nayla Matar, Giorgio Peretti, Cesare Piazza, Gregory N Postma, Vyas Prasad, Elisabeth Sjogren, Frederik G Dikkers
Acronyms and abbreviations are frequently used in otorhinolaryngology and other medical specialties. CO2 laser-assisted transoral surgery of the pharynx, the larynx and the upper airway is a family of commonly performed surgical procedures termed transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). The abbreviation TLM can be confusing because of alternative modes of delivery. Classification and definition of the different types of procedures, performed transorally or transnasally, are proposed by the Working Committee for Nomenclature of the European Laryngological Society, emphasizing the type of laser used and the way this laser is transmitted...
August 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819718/a-tree-branch-instead-of-a-ligature-an-unusual-accidental-hanging
#2
Amal Nishantha Vadysinghe, Murugupillai Sivasubramanium, Rankothge Pemasiri Jayasooriya
A unique case of accidental hanging due to compression of the neck of an adult by the branches of a coffee tree is reported. The decedent was a 42-year-old male who was found dead in a semi prone position on a slope. His neck was lodged in a wedge formed by two branches of a coffee tree, with his legs angled downwards on the slope. Autopsy revealed two friction abrasions located horizontally on either side of the front of the neck, just above the larynx. The findings were compatible with compression of the neck by the branches of the tree, with the body weight of the decedent contributing to compression...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815324/alcohol-and-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Daisuke Kawakita, Keitaro Matsuo
In this article, we reviewed the association between alcohol drinking and head and neck cancer (HNC) and its subsites, using the available literature. Alcohol drinking is an established risk factor for HNC, and this association may be stronger among cancers of the oropharynx and hypopharynx than the oral cavity or larynx. In addition, higher alcohol consumption over a shorter period was more harmful than fewer alcohol consumption over a longer period, and the most frequently consumed alcoholic beverages in a population is likely to be associated with the highest risk of HNC in that population...
August 16, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810268/swallowing-mechanics-associated-with-artificial-airways-bolus-properties-and-penetration-aspiration-status-in-trauma-patients
#4
Angela M Dietsch, Christopher B Rowley, Nancy Pearl Solomon, William G Pearson
Purpose: Artificial airway procedures such as intubation and tracheotomy are common in the treatment of traumatic injuries, and bolus modifications may be implemented to help manage swallowing disorders. This study assessed artificial airway status, bolus properties (volume and viscosity), and the occurrence of laryngeal penetration and/or aspiration in relation to mechanical features of swallowing. Method: Coordinates of anatomical landmarks were extracted at minimum and maximum hyolaryngeal excursion from 228 videofluoroscopic swallowing studies representing 69 traumatically injured U...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808821/-airway-anatomy-relevant-structures-in-emergency-medicine
#5
M Schulze, A Wree
The subject of this article is the anatomy of the respiratory tract with an emphasis on the larynx. A differentiation is made between the upper and lower airways according to topographical and functional aspects, the limits of which are marked by the lower section of the larynx. The focus is on the anatomy of the structures involved, which are relevant for emergency medicine.
August 14, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803450/manoeuvre-to-aid-endoscopic-division-of-aryepiglottic-folds-aryepiglottoplasty
#6
Salil Sood, Raymond Clarke, Andrew Bowhay, Sujata De
Laryngomalacia, a congenital malformation of larynx is the commonest cause of stridor in young infants. Ninety percent of cases resolve by the age of 2 years without any active intervention (1).The most consistent abnormality seen in non-resolving cases is shortening of the aryepiglottic folds (picture 1).(2) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 13, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802709/sex-differences-in-cancer-risk-and-survival-a-swedish-cohort-study
#7
Cecilia Radkiewicz, Anna L V Johansson, Paul W Dickman, Mats Lambe, Gustaf Edgren
AIM: The aim of this study is to firmly delineate temporal and age trends regarding sex discrepancies in cancer risk and survival as well as quantifying the potential gain achieved by eliminating this inequality. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study using data on all adult incident cancer cases (n = 872,397) recorded in the Swedish Cancer Register in 1970-2014. To assess the associations between sex and cancer risk and sex and survival, male-to-female incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and excess mortality ratios (EMRs) adjusted for age and year of diagnosis were estimated using Poisson regression...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801876/tumor-dna-an-emerging-biomarker-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
Joseph A Bellairs, Rifat Hasina, Nishant Agrawal
Head and neck cancer (HNC) includes a diverse range of malignancies arising commonly from mucosal epithelia of the upper aerodigestive tract. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), the most common form of HNC, develops in the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx and is associated with tobacco exposure, alcohol abuse, and infection with oncogenic viruses. Despite global advances in cancer care, HNSCC often presents with advanced disease and is associated with poor 5-year survival of ~50%. Genotyping tumor tissue to guide clinical decision-making is becoming commonplace in modern oncology, but in the management of HNSCC, tissue biopsies with cytopathology or histopathology remain the mainstay for diagnosis...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801511/paraneoplastic-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-with-ocular-and-laryngeal-involvement
#9
Silvia Lambiel, Pavel Dulguerov, Emmanuel Laffitte, Igor Leuchter
A 73-year-old woman was treated 8 years previously for synchronous breast and uterine neoplasms. She presented with a severe sore throat, odynophagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea, ocular irritation and weight loss over the last 3 months. Physical examination revealed ulcerations in the oral cavity, posterior pharyngeal wall and supraglottic larynx, nasal crusting, bilateral conjunctivitis and three cutaneous blisters. A diagnosis of anti-laminin 5 mucous membrane pemphigoid was retained, based on skin biopsy, direct immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798711/languages-in-drier-climates-use-fewer-vowels
#10
Caleb Everett
This study offers evidence for an environmental effect on languages while relying on continuous linguistic and continuous ecological variables. Evidence is presented for a positive association between the typical ambient humidity of a language's native locale and that language's degree of reliance on vowels. The vowel-usage rates of over 4000 language varieties were obtained, and several methods were employed to test whether these usage rates are associated with ambient humidity. The results of these methods are generally consistent with the notion that reduced ambient humidity eventually yields a reduced reliance of languages on vowels, when compared to consonants...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797458/nab-paclitaxel-based-induction-chemotherapy-with-or-without-cetuximab-for-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Douglas Adkins, Jessica Ley, Peter Oppelt, Tanya M Wildes, Hiram A Gay, Mackenzie Daly, Jason Rich, Randal C Paniello, Ryan Jackson, Patrik Pipkorn, Brian Nussenbaum, Kathryn Trinkaus, Wade Thorstad
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of incorporating cetuximab into induction chemotherapy in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective comparative analysis of two consecutive prospective phase II trials was performed: trial 1 with nab-paclitaxel/cisplatin/5-FU and cetuximab (APF-C; n=30) and trial 2 with APF (n=30). Patients were scheduled to receive chemoradiation therapy (CRT) with cisplatin. T2-4 classification oropharynx (OP)/larynx/hypopharynx SCC were included...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797446/patterns-of-fractionation-for-patients-with-t2n0m0-glottic-larynx-cancer-undergoing-definitive-radiotherapy-in-the-united-states
#12
William A Stokes, Priscilla K Stumpf, Bernard L Jones, Patrick J Blatchford, Sana D Karam, Ryan M Lanning, David Raben
OBJECTIVES: Among patients with T2N0M0 glottic larynx cancer undergoing definitive radiotherapy, recent retrospective and prospective data have suggested improved outcomes with altered fractionation over conventional fractionation (CFxn). We sought to characterize national fractionation patterns and to compare outcomes among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database for T2N0M0 squamous cell carcinomas of the glottis diagnosed from 2004-2014 and managed with definitive radiotherapy...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797445/characteristics-and-long-term-outcomes-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#13
Samer Alsidawi, Katharine A Price, Ashish V Chintakuntlawar, Gustavo F Westin, Joaquin J Garcia, Daniel J Ma, Scott H Okuno
INTRODUCTION: Immunosuppression after solid organ transplant prevents graft rejection, but leads to increased incidence of various malignancies including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Outcomes of patients with post-transplant HNSCC are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients who developed HNSCC after solid organ transplant between 1995 and 2010. Adults with pathology-proven HNSCC and adequate follow up were included...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793926/tobacco-and-alcohol-cessation-or-reduction-interventions-in-people-with-oral-dysplasia-and-head-and-neck-cancer-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Ellie Shingler, Luke A Robles, Rachel Perry, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Steve Thomas, J Athene Lane, Richard M Martin
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancers include malignancies of the mouth, larynx and oropharynx. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are associated with increased risks of developing and dying from head and neck cancer. The aim of this review is to examine the effectiveness of smoking and alcohol cessation interventions on disease-related outcomes, quality of life and behavioural change in adults with head and neck cancer and oral dysplasia. METHODS: The Cochrane library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases will be searched for randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of smoking or alcohol interventions on patients with either head and neck cancer or oral dysplasia...
August 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791831/the-role-of-human-papillomavirus-in-oncogenic-transformation-and-its-contribution-to-the-etiology-of-precancerous-lesions-and-cancer-of-the-larynx-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Katarzyna Nowińska, Urszula Ciesielska, Marzenna Podhorska-Okołów, Piotr Dzięgiel
Human papillomavirus (HPV) belongs to the Papillomaviridae family and infects squamous cells and mucous membranes of humans. Various studies conducted over the last years have shown a correlation between HPV infection and carcinogenesis process. The DNA of the virus is detected in approximately 20% of cancers of the upper respiratory tract. The presence of HPV in cancerous lesion of the larynx varies depending on the procedure applied for sample collection and the viral DNA detection method. The high variance in the frequency of HPV detection is observed even among results obtained with the use of PCR reaction...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790257/-head-and-neck-tumor-larynx-preservation-in-locally-advanced-laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#16
Hidenori Inohara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780008/the-role-of-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging-in-head-and-neck-cancer-after-radical-chemoradiotherapy-a-single-institution-experience
#17
C Nelissen, J Sherriff, T Jones, P Guest, S Colley, P Sanghera, A Hartley
AIMS: Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is used to restage head and neck cancer 3 months after chemoradiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of a scan reported as having no abnormal uptake and the positive predictive values (PPV) for different maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) thresholds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oro-/hypopharynx/larynx (n = 206) were included...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777469/a-method-for-a-priori-estimation-of-best-feasible-dvh-for-organs-at-risk-validation-for-head-and-neck-vmat-planning
#18
Saeed Ahmed, Benjamin Nelms, Dawn Gintz, Jimmy Caudell, Geoffrey Zhang, Eduardo G Moros, Vladimir Feygelman
PURPOSE: Despite improvements in optimization and automation algorithms, the quality of radiation treatment plans still varies dramatically. A tool that allows a priori estimation of the best possible sparing (Feasibility DVH, or FDVH) of an organ at risk (OAR) in high-energy photon planning may help reduce plan quality variability by deriving patient-specific OAR goals prior to optimization. Such a tool may be useful for 1) meaningfully evaluating patient-specific plan quality and 2) supplying best theoretically achievable DVH goals, thus pushing the solution towards automatic Pareto-optimality...
August 4, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775133/italian-pool-of-asbestos-workers-cohorts-mortality-trends-of-asbestos-related-neoplasms-after-long-time-since-first-exposure
#19
Daniela Ferrante, Elisabetta Chellini, Enzo Merler, Venere Pavone, Stefano Silvestri, Lucia Miligi, Giuseppe Gorini, Vittoria Bressan, Paolo Girardi, Laura Ancona, Elisa Romeo, Ferdinando Luberto, Orietta Sala, Corrado Scarnato, Simona Menegozzo, Enrico Oddone, Sara Tunesi, Patrizia Perticaroli, Aldo Pettinari, Francesco Cuccaro, Stefano Mattioli, Antonio Baldassarre, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Tiziana Cena, Patrizia Legittimo, Alessandro Marinaccio, Dario Mirabelli, Marina Musti, Roberta Pirastu, Alessandra Ranucci, Corrado Magnani
OBJECTIVE: Asbestos is a known human carcinogen, with evidence for malignant mesothelioma (MM), cancers of lung, ovary, larynx and possibly other organs. MM rates are predicted to increase with a power of time since first exposure (TSFE), but the possible long-term attenuation of the trend is debated. The asbestos ban enforced in Italy in 1992 gives an opportunity to measure long-term cancer risk in formerly exposed workers. METHODS: Pool of 43 previously studied Italian asbestos cohorts (asbestos cement, rolling stock, shipbuilding), with mortality follow-up updated to 2010...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774673/can-videolaryngoscopy-be-a-first-option-in-a-patient-with-laryngeal-amyloidosis
#20
L España Fuente, G Mella Pérez, B Laserna Cocina, J L González González
Amyloidosis is a term that involves a group of diseases characterised by deposition of extracellular monoclonal light-chain fibrillar immunoglobulin aggregates in the body, including many organs, with the larynx among them. A case is presented of a 78 year-old man who was referred to our institution for strangulated umbilical hernia treatment. He suffered from progressive hoarseness and dysphagia for 5months. He had a history of primary laryngeal amyloidosis. Awake intubation was performed successful with the King Vision(®) video-laryngoscopy...
July 31, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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