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Head and Neck Surgery

James C Denneny, Jean Brereton, Lisa Satterfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Chau T Nguyen
Burnout is increasingly recognized as an issue of major importance affecting physicians of all ages and disciplines and thereby patients, systems, and health care in general. At the 2017 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting, the scope of burnout in medicine was addressed, along with systematic issues that remain. While changing the culture of medicine and health systems to address this is needed, what strategies can health care providers use in their everyday lives to lessen the impact of burnout? Integrative medicine with its focus on wholeness of patient care, including the emotional, mental, social, and spiritual domains of health, is uniquely positioned in arming physicians with sets of tools to help them navigate patients to better health and healing...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Oliver F Adunka, Bruce J Gantz, Camille Dunn, Richard K Gurgel, Craig A Buchman
This article outlines new minimum standards for reporting adult cochlear implant outcomes. These standards have been endorsed by the Implantable Hearing Devices Committee and the Hearing Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. The lack of a standardized method for reporting outcomes following cochlear implantation in clinical trials has hampered the ability of investigators to draw comparisons across studies. Variability in data reported in articles and presentation formats inhibits meta-analyses, making it impossible to accumulate the large patient cohorts needed for statistically significant inference...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Mitchell L Worley, Evan M Graboyes, Julie Blair, Suhael Momin, Kent E Armeson, Terry A Day, Andrew T Huang
Objective To describe swallowing outcomes in elderly patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract and identify risk factors for poor postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Sixty-six patients aged ≥70 years underwent microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract. The primary outcome measure was the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); preoperative and postoperative scores were dichotomized to define "good swallowing" and "poor swallowing...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Robert J Morrison, Kelly M Malloy, Rishi R Bakshi
Objective To assess the impact of implementation of a "1-step" documentation query system on comorbidity capture and quality outcomes within the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Methods Implementation of the 1-step documentation query system was instituted for all otolaryngology-head and neck surgery faculty at a single institution. Individual query responses and impact metrics were analyzed. Departmental case-mix index (CMI), risk of mortality (ROM), and severity of illness (SOI) were collated over a 14-month implementation period and compared to a 12-month preimplementation period...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jimin Kim, Eunsun So, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo, Myong-Hwan Karm
Major cardiac complication such as acute myocardial infarction can occur unexpectedly in patients without risk factors. We experienced cardiac arrest due to an unexpected acute myocardial infarction in a patient without any risk factors during head and neck reconstructive surgery. The patient was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction after return of spontaneous circulation. With immediate percutaneous coronary intervention, the patient recovered without complications.
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Till J Meyer, Stefan Hartmann, Gisela Wohlleben, Muna Brisam, Axel Seher, Alexander C Kübler, Bülent Polat, Urs D A Müller-Richter
Radiotherapy alone, or as an addition to surgery is important for the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In addition to their expression in germ cells, melanoma associated antigens-A (MAGE-A) are only expressed in malignant tissue. Notably, there is a known correlation between MAGE-A9 expression and poor prognosis in HNSCC patients. However, current knowledge regarding the function of MAGE-A9 expression, particularly in the context of irradiation, is limited. MAGE-A9 expression in 37 oral squamous cell carcinoma patents was immunohistochemically determined and analyzed for overall survival by the Kaplan-Meier log-rank test...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Chenzhou Wu, John Gleysteen, Nutte Tarn Teraphongphom, Yi Li, Eben Rosenthal
Head and neck cancers become a severe threat to human's health nowadays and represent the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Surgery remains the first-line choice for head and neck cancer patients. Limited resectable tissue mass and complicated anatomy structures in the head and neck region put the surgeons in a dilemma between the extensive resection and a better quality of life for the patients. Early diagnosis and treatment of the pre-malignancies, as well as real-time in vivo detection of surgical margins during en bloc resection, could be leveraged to minimize the resection of normal tissues...
March 18, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Aya Ikeda, Kiyoto Shiga, Katsunori Katagiri, Daisuke Saito, Jun Miyaguchi, Shin-Ichi Oikawa, Kodai Tsuchida, Takahiro Asakage, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Ken-Ichi Nibu, Naoki Ohtsuki, Yasushi Fujimoto, Ken-Ichi Kaneko
There has been no attempt to clarify the status of patients with carotid body tumor (CBT) in Japan. This multi-institutional survey analyzed patients with CBT throughout Japan by gathering information on these patients from institutions that performed head and neck surgeries. Information from a total of 150 patients from 25 institutions from the past 20 years was employed in the present survey. There were 87 females and 63 males, and their mean age was 48.0 years old. The most common chief complaint was a neck mass and the mean suffering period was 46...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Alexandre Bozec, Pierre Demez, Jocelyn Gal, Emmanuel Chamorey, Marie-Yolande Louis, David Blanchard, Dominique De Raucourt, Jean-Claude Merol, Esteban Brenet, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, José Santini, Frédéric Peyrade, Karen Benezery, Maria Lesnik, Etienne Berta, Pierre Ransy, Emmanuel Babin
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term quality of life (QoL) and psycho-social outcomes, and to determine their predictive factors after oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) surgery and radial forearm free-flap (RFFF) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who had undergone OPC surgery and RFFF reconstruction who were still alive and disease-free at least 1 year after surgery were enrolled in this prospective multicentric study. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core (QLQ-C30) and Head and Neck Cancer (QLQ-H&N35) QoL questionnaires, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Peng Wang, Jishu Wei, Junli Wu, Wenbin Xu, Qiuyang Chen, Wentao Gao, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the diagnoses and surgical management of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas (SPTP) in a single center setting. METHODS: Demographic details, clinical presentations, imaging features, surgical strategies, and pathological findings of 97 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for pathologically confirmed SPTP between 2008 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients with SPTP accounted for 2...
December 24, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
C M S Hassing, T F Tvedskov, N Kroman, T L Klausen, J B Drejøe, J F Tvedskov, T-L Lambine, H Kledal, G Lelkaitis, L Langhans
BACKGROUND: Radioactive seed localisation (RSL) is a preoperative localisation method using a small titanium seed containing iodine-125. The method is increasingly applied for localising non-palpable lesions in the treatment of breast cancer. We believe that RSL has the potential to be used in various surgical specialties. The aim of this feasibility study was to test RSL as a preoperative localisation of non-palpable lymph nodes. METHODS: Between November 24, 2015 and October 26, 2016, 15 patients with suspicious lymph nodes on imaging were included in the study...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Claire M Lawlor, Charles A Riley, John M Carter, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Importance: The 1996 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Inpatient Guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Pediatric Otolaryngology Committee recommended that children younger than 3 years be admitted following tonsillectomy. Recommendations for hospital observation were not included as a key action statement in the 2011 AAO-HNS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children. Objective: To examine the association between posttonsillectomy complication rate and the age and weight of the child at the time of surgery...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jay F Piccirillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
M Brimioulle, A Al-Lami, S Marzouk, H Emerson, A Balfour, V Dhar, I J Nixon
Introduction The aim of this study was to determine whether ultrasound alone is sufficient to safely exclude malignancy in thyroid nodules in a district general hospital setting, to comply with the latest British Thyroid Association guidelines. Methods This retrospective study investigated the quality of ultrasound reporting and the correlation between ultrasound report and histology for individual thyroid nodules. Cases were selected from the thyroid multidisciplinary meeting and included all patients having undergone surgery for a thyroid malignancy in a one-year period...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Paul J Choi, Joe Iwanaga, R Shane Tubbs, Emre Yilmaz
Owing to its rarity, rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck (HNRMS) has seldom been discussed in the literature. As most of the data is based only on the retrospective experiences of tertiary healthcare centers, there are difficulties in formulating a standard treatment protocol. Moreover, the disease is poorly understood at its pathological, genetic, and molecular levels. For instance, 20% of all histological assessment is inaccurate; even an experienced pathologist can confuse rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) with neuroblastoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and lymphoma...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Vanessa Trieu, Harlan Pinto, Jonathan W Riess, Ruth Lira, Richard Luciano, Jessie Coty, Derek Boothroyd, A Dimitrios Colevas
LESSONS LEARNED: Chemotherapy for recurrent, metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck need not be known for extreme toxicity.The weekly regimen studied here has been demonstrated to be tolerable and effective. BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to establish the response rate, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and safety profile of weekly docetaxel, platinum, and cetuximab (TPC) in patients with relapsed or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN)...
March 14, 2018: Oncologist
Sandro Virgilio Porceddu, Mathias Bressel, Michael Geoffrey Poulsen, Adam Stoneley, Michael John Veness, Lizbeth Moira Kenny, Chris Wratten, June Corry, Stephen Cooper, Gerald Blaise Fogarty, Marnie Collins, Michael Kevin Collins, Andrew Martin John Macann, Christopher Gerard Milross, Michael Gordon Penniment, Howard Yu-Hao Liu, Madeleine Trudy King, Benedict James Panizza, Danny Rischin
Purpose To report the results of the Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group randomized phase III trial designed to determine whether the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to postoperative radiotherapy (CRT) improved locoregional control in patients with high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Patients and Methods The primary objective was to determine whether there was a difference in freedom from locoregional relapse (FFLRR) between 60 or 66 Gy (6 to 6.5 weeks) with or without weekly carboplatin (area under the curve 2) after resection of gross disease...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jun Liu, Ping Zhen, Sheng-Hu Zhou, Qi Tian, Hui Chen, Wei Wang, Xiao-le He, Xu-Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the manipulation technique and clinical outcome of Tri-Lock bone preservation stem for acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, 10 patients(12 hips) with acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck were treated with total hip arthroplasty(THA) including 5 males and 5 female with an average age of(51.6±3.0) years old ranging from 42...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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