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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991284/optic-coherence-tomography-appearances-of-retinal-astrocytic-hamartoma-and-systemic-features-in-tuberous-sclerosis-of-japanese-patients
#1
Aya Kato, Akira Obana, Yuko Gohto, Takahiko Seto, Hiroyuki Sasano
PURPOSE: To describe the optical coherence tomography findings of retinal astrocytic hamartoma of tuberous sclerosis and to confirm the association between the type of retinal astrocytic hamartoma and systemic manifestations in Japanese patients. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational case series. METHODS: The medical records of 35 patients with tuberous sclerosis who underwent ophthalmological examination were reviewed. The retinal astrocytic hamartomas were classified into four types based on the optical coherence tomography findings, and their association with systemic disease was evaluated...
July 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961041/psychometric-evaluation-of-an-interview-administered-version-of-the-kessler-10-item-questionnaire-k10-for-measuring-psychological-distress-in-rural-bangladesh
#2
Mohammed Nazim Uddin, Fakir M Amirul Islam, Abdullah Al Mahmud
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, adapt and validate the Kessler 10-item questionnaire (K10) for measuring psychological distress in rural Bangladesh. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Narail district, Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 2425 adults of age 18-90 years was recruited. OUTCOME MEASURE: Validation of the K10 was the major outcome. Sociodemographic factors were measured to assess if the K10 needed adjustment for factors such as age or gender...
June 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925722/albert-l-rhoton-jr-md-his-philosophy-and-education-of-neurosurgeons
#3
Toshio Matsushima, Shigeaki Kobayashi, Tooru Inoue, Alice S Rhoton, Alexander L Vlasak, Evandro de Oliveira
Dr. Rhoton's key philosophies included "Keep working hard.", "Make surgery more accurate, gentle and safe", "We want perfect anatomical dissections, because we want perfect surgical operations", "Competence without compassion is worthless. Compassion without competence is meaningless", "Neurosurgeons share a great professional gift; our lives have yielded an opportunity to help mankind in a unique and exciting way" and "There is no finish line for this effort"...
June 20, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915079/declining-mental-health-among-disadvantaged-americans
#4
Noreen Goldman, Dana A Glei, Maxine Weinstein
Although there is little dispute about the impact of the US opioid epidemic on recent mortality, there is less consensus about whether trends reflect increasing despair among American adults. The issue is complicated by the absence of established scales or definitions of despair as well as a paucity of studies examining changes in psychological health, especially well-being, since the 1990s. We contribute evidence using two cross-sectional waves of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study to assess changes in measures of psychological distress and well-being...
June 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897586/stigma-and-negative-self-perceptions-of-young-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-bandung-indonesia-a-case-series
#5
Sahil Aggarwal, Luke Yu, Bima Hasjim, Debora H Lee, Esther Kim, Jonathan B Lee, Katrina Lee, Christina Tse, Alexander Anshus, Allen R Yu, Michael Louthan, Thomas Keown, Christopher Gabriel, Catherine Diamond
Background: Young people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWA) are at risk for HIV stigma. Methods: The HIV/AIDS Stigma Instrument for PLWA was administered to 36 young PLWA across six clinics in Bandung, Indonesia, to assess the fear of contagion (FC), verbal abuse (VA), social isolation (SI), workplace stigma (WS), health care neglect (HCN) and negative self-perception (NSP). Results: The median scores for FC, VA, SI, WS and HCN were all 0 while the median score for NSP was 4...
June 12, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704411/are-suicide-risk-factors-gender-specific
#6
Joanna Maria Pawlak, Izabela Miechowicz, Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Dorota Zaremba, Paweł Kapelski, Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Piotr Czerski, Maria Skibińska, Joanna Hauser
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is an important clinical problem in psychiatric patients. The highest risk of suicide attempts is noted in affective disorders. In this study we tested 20 factors described in the literature (sociodemographic and clinical factors as well as family burden) in association with suicidal behavior and we analyzed whether the significance of those factors differs between males and females. METHODS: In the study we included patients with major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 249) and bipolar affective disorder (BP; n = 582)...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700665/psychological-distress-behavioral-patterns-among-latinos-we-don-t-see-ourselves-as-worthless
#7
Armando Barragán, Ann-Marie Yamada, Tamika D Gilreath
A cross-sectional study of 4921 Latinos from the National Health Interview Survey was conducted to examine behavioral patterns of psychological distress among Latinos. Latent class analysis was used to ascertain psychological distress behavioral profiles among Latinos. Analysis revealed four latent classes of distress, which included moderate psychological distress (13.6%); mild sadness, nervousness, and restlessness (13.0%); high psychological distress (2.8%); and no psychological distress (70.7%). Worthlessness, a widely-accepted dimension of distress, was not a significant behavioral trait...
April 26, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697038/tree-analysis-modeling-of-the-associations-between-phq-9-depressive-symptoms-and-doctor-diagnosis-of-depression-in-primary-care
#8
Weng-Yee Chin, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Christopher Dowrick, Bruce Arroll, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between patient self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) symptoms and doctor diagnosis of depression using a tree analysis approach. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis on a dataset obtained from 10 179 adult primary care patients and 59 primary care physicians (PCPs) across Hong Kong. Patients completed a waiting room survey collecting data on socio-demographics and the PHQ-9. Blinded doctors documented whether they thought the patient had depression...
April 26, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676060/resource-availability-mating-opportunity-and-sexual-selection-intensity-influence-the-expression-of-male-alternative-reproductive-tactics
#9
Paolo Giovanni Ghislandi, Stano Pekár, Magdalena Matzke, Sarah Schulte-Döinghaus, Trine Bilde, Cristina Tuni
The expression of alternative reproductive tactics can be plastic and occur simultaneously depending on cues that vary spatially or temporally. For example, variation in resources and sexual selection intensity is expected to influence the pay-off of each tactic and shape the decision of which tactic to employ. Males of the nuptial gift-giving spider Pisaura mirabilis can adopt three tactics: offering a genuine prey gift, a 'worthless' non-nutritious gift or no gift. We hypothesized that resources and/or male body condition, and mating opportunity and sexual selection intensity, vary over the course of the mating season to shape the co-existence of alternative traits...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594370/gender-difference-in-the-point-prevalence-symptoms-comorbidity-and-correlates-of-depression-findings-from-the-lagos-state-mental-health-survey-lsmhs-nigeria
#10
Abiodun O Adewuya, Olurotimi A Coker, Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle A Ola, Mathew P Zachariah, Tomilola Adewumi, Olufemi Olugbile, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
It is still unclear whether the gender difference in the rate of depression cuts across cultures or is specific to some depressive symptoms. This study evaluated the gender difference in current prevalence, symptoms, comorbidity, and correlates of depression in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 11,246 adult participants (6525 females and 4712 males) in a face-to-face household survey were assessed for symptoms of depression. They were also assessed for symptoms of anxiety, somatic symptoms, alcohol and substance use disorders, and disability...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564262/comparing-depressive-symptoms-in-teenage-boys-and-girls
#11
Mahnaz Fallahi Khesht-Masjedi, Somayeh Shokrgozar, Elahe Abdollahi, Mahbuobe Golshahi, Zahra Sharif-Ghaziani
Introduction: Symptoms of depression vary between the males and females. Depressed men show behaviors such as irritability, restlessness, difficulty in concentrating, and instead of the usual behaviors. Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in depressed men. Men are less likely to go to doctors and unconsciously show other behaviors such as anger instead of the sadness. It seems that considering depression as "feminine" is a great injustice toward male patients whom their illness will not be diagnosed nor treated...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516553/-we-re-stuck-with-what-we-ve-got-the-impact-of-lipodystrophy-on-body-image
#12
Claire Adams, Anna Stears, David Savage, Christi Deaton
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of lipodystrophy on body image and how this affects patients' daily lives. BACKGROUND: Lipodystrophy refers to a group of rare conditions characterised by generalised or partial lack of body fat and is associated with severe metabolic problems e.g. severe insulin resistance, diabetes and pancreatitis. In addition to its metabolic effect, lack of adipose tissue may have a major impact on appearance and cause distressing physical changes...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509811/access-to-primary-care-for-socio-economically-disadvantaged-older-people-in-rural-areas-a-qualitative-study
#13
John A Ford, Rachel Turley, Tom Porter, Tom Shakespeare, Geoff Wong, Andy P Jones, Nick Steel
OBJECTIVE: We aim to explore the barriers to accessing primary care for socio-economically disadvantaged older people in rural areas. METHODS: Using a community recruitment strategy, fifteen people over 65 years, living in a rural area, and receiving financial support were recruited for semi-structured interviews. Four focus groups were held with rural health professionals. Interviews and focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed. Thematic analysis was used to identify barriers to primary care access...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505986/shame-mediates-the-relationship-between-depression-and-addictive-behaviours
#14
Elena Bilevicius, Alanna Single, Lindsay A Bristow, Melody Foot, Michael Ellery, Matthew T Keough, Edward A Johnson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and gambling problems are common in young adults. Self-medication theory states that young adults with depression drink and/or gamble to escape negative emotions. Research shows that depression is a risk factor for drinking/gambling problems, but more work is needed to examine mediators underlying these associations. One potential mediator is shame. Shame is a self-directed emotion that follows a negative life event and is characterized by intense feelings of inferiority, worthlessness, and embarrassment...
July 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481827/public-support-for-safe-consumption-sites-and-syringe-services-programs-to-combat-the-opioid-epidemic
#15
Emma E McGinty, Colleen L Barry, Elizabeth M Stone, Jeff Niederdeppe, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Susan G Sherman
We examine Americans' support for two evidence-based harm reduction strategies - safe consumption sites and syringe exchange programs - and their attitudes about individuals who use opioids. We conducted a web-based survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults in July-August 2017 (N = 1004). We measured respondents' support for legalizing safe consumption sites and syringe services programs in their communities and their attitudes toward people who use opioids. We used ordered logistic regression to assess how stigmatizing attitudes toward people who use opioids, political party identification, and demographic characteristics correlated with support for the two harm reduction strategies...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462832/-pulmonary-medicine-and-its-institutions-during-national-socialism
#16
R Loddenkemper, N Konietzko, V Seehausen
When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, a complete paradigm shift took place in the health policy under the principle "Public interest ahead of self-interest". In the early years there was an intense discussion about whether tuberculosis (TB) is more caused by heredity or by infection. Finally, the arguments of leading TB specialists were accepted that TB is predominantly an infectious disease. In 1939, the year Germany started World War II, TB mortality was at its lowest, with only a few countries having lower rates...
February 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462009/gender-differences-in-utilization-of-duty-hour-regulations-aspects-of-burnout-and-psychological-well-being-among-general-surgery-residents-in-the-united-states
#17
Allison R Dahlke, Julie K Johnson, Caprice C Greenberg, Remi Love, Lindsey Kreutzer, Daniel B Hewitt, Christopher M Quinn, Kathryn E Engelhardt, Karl Y Bilimoria
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to (1) assess differences in how male and female general surgery residents utilize duty-hour regulations and experience aspects of burnout and psychological well-being, and (2) to explore reasons why these differing experiences exist. BACKGROUND: There may be differences in how women and men enter, experience, and leave residency programs. METHODS: A total of 7395 residents completed a survey (response rate = 99%)...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423365/exploring-the-feelings-of-iranian-women-of-reproductive-age-about-health-care-seeking-behavior-a-qualitative-study
#18
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Tahereh Rahimi, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Siamak Mohebi
Background: Despite the important role of feelings in health care seeking behavior (HCSB), this subject has not yet been adequately investigated. HCSB-related feelings begin with the onset of disease symptoms and persist in different forms after treatment. The aim of current study was to explore the feelings that women of reproductive age experience when they seek health care. Methods: In this deductive, qualitative content analysis, participants were selected by purposeful sampling. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 17 women of reproductive age and 5 health care staffs in Qom, Iran were carried out until data saturation was achieved...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409328/parental-reactions-to-parent-and-sibling-directed-aggression-within-a-domestic-violence-context
#19
Michelle P Desir, Canan Karatekin
Parent- and sibling-directed aggression by minor children are two forms of family violence that often co-occur and have strong relations to prior exposure to domestic violence, yet are often overlooked in intervention efforts. In addition, current research does not examine these forms of family violence in tandem, and there is very limited research with samples exposed to domestic violence. To better understand how these forms of aggression operate within a domestic violence context, we interviewed 44 women residing in a domestic violence shelter with at least one child over 3...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371875/psychopathology-of-addiction-can-the-scl90-based-five-dimensional-structure-differentiate-heroin-use-disorder-from-a-non-substance-related-addictive-disorder-such-as-gambling-disorder
#20
Angelo G I Maremmani, Denise Gazzarrini, Amelia Fiorin, Valeria Cingano, Graziano Bellio, Giulio Perugi, Icro Maremmani
Background: In the Gambling Disorder (GD), there is no exogenous drug administration that acts as the central core of the traditional meaning of addiction. A specific psychopathology of Substance Use Disorders has been proposed recently. In a sample of Heroin Use Disorder (HUD) patients entering opioid agonist treatment, it became possible to identify a group of 5 mutually exclusive psychiatric dimensions: Worthlessness-Being trapped (W-BT), Somatic Symptoms (SS), Sensitivity-Psychoticism (SP), Panic Anxiety (PA) and Violence-Suicide (VS)...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
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