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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422471/-epidemiological-surveillance-for-multidrug-resistant-microorganisms-in-a-general-icu
#1
A Fernández-Verdugo, J Fernández, D Escudero, L Cofiño, L Forcelledo, M Telenti, E García-Prieto, R Rodríguez-García, L Álvarez-García, A Pérez-García, C Rodríguez-Lucas, F Vazquez
OBJECTIVE: Multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms represent a threat for patients admitted in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). The objective of the present study is to analyse the results of epidemiological surveillance cultures for these microorganisms in one of these units. METHODS: General ICU. Retrospective analysis, descriptive statistics. Analysis of epidemiological surveillance cultures for MDR microorganisms in 2015. Studied microorganisms: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), ESBL-and/or carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CESBL-KP) and MDR Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB)...
April 5, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372559/comparing-five-depression-measures-in-depressed-chinese-patients-using-item-response-theory-an-examination-of-item-properties-measurement-precision-and-score-comparability
#2
Yue Zhao, Wai Chan, Barbara Chuen Yee Lo
BACKGROUND: Item response theory (IRT) has been increasingly applied to patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures. The purpose of this study is to apply IRT to examine item properties (discrimination and severity of depressive symptoms), measurement precision and score comparability across five depression measures, which is the first study of its kind in the Chinese context. METHODS: A clinical sample of 207 Hong Kong Chinese outpatients was recruited. Data analyses were performed including classical item analysis, IRT concurrent calibration and IRT true score equating...
April 4, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346147/differences-in-short-and-long-sleep-durations-between-blacks-and-whites-attributed-to-emotional-distress-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-in-the-united-states
#3
Azizi A Seixas, Emmanuella Auguste, Mark Butler, Caryl James, Valerie Newsome, Evan Auguste, Vilma Aparecida da Silva Fonseca, Andres Schneeberger, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of emotional distress in explaining racial/ethnic differences in unhealthy sleep duration. DESIGN: Data from the 2004-2013 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed using SPSS 20. SETTING: Data were collected through personal household interviews in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Of the total 261,686 participants (age≥18 years), 17.0% were black, 83.0% were white, and the mean age was 48 years (SE=0...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317414/anxiety-depression-and-the-suicidal-spectrum-a-latent-class-analysis-of-overlapping-and-distinctive-features
#4
Matthew C Podlogar, Megan L Rogers, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Bruno Chiurliza, Thomas E Joiner
Anxiety and depression diagnoses are associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. However, a categorical understanding of these associations limits insight into identifying dimensional mechanisms of suicide risk. This study investigated anxious and depressive features through a lens of suicide risk, independent of diagnosis. Latent class analysis of 97 depression, anxiety, and suicidality-related items among 616 psychiatric outpatients indicated a 3-class solution, specifically: (1) a higher suicide-risk class uniquely differentiated from both other classes by high reported levels of depression and anxious arousal; (2) a lower suicide-risk class that reported levels of anxiety sensitivity and generalised worry comparable to Class 1, but lower levels of depression and anxious arousal; and (3) a low to non-suicidal class that reported relatively low levels across all depression and anxiety measures...
March 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294712/frequency-and-chunking-in-derived-words-a-parametric-fmri-study
#5
Alice Blumenthal-Dramé, Volkmar Glauche, Tobias Bormann, Cornelius Weiller, Mariacristina Musso, Bernd Kortmann
In usage-based linguistic theories, the assumption that high-frequency language strings are mentally represented as unitary chunks has been invoked to account for a wide range of phenomena. However, neurocognitive evidence in support of this assumption is still lacking. In line with Gestalt psychological assumptions, we propose that a language string qualifies as a chunk if the following two conditions are simultaneously satisfied: The perception of the whole string does not involve strong activation of its individual component parts, but the component parts in isolation strongly evoke the whole...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211584/csf-ykl-40-and-gap-43-are-related-to-suicidal-ideation-in-older-women
#6
I Rymo, S Kern, M Bjerke, H Zetterberg, T Marlow, K Blennow, P Gudmundsson, I Skoog, M Waern
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible relationships between suicidal ideation and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of glial markers YKL-40 (also known as chitinase-3-like protein 1), growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) and myelin basic protein (MBP). METHOD: The sample was obtained from the Prospective Population Study of Women and included 86 women without dementia who underwent both psychiatric examinations and lumbar puncture (LP). Eight of these women reported past-month suicidal ideation...
February 17, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167427/feasibility-of-using-demolition-waste-as-an-alternative-heavy-metal-immobilising-agent
#7
Seelawut Damrongsiri
Demolition waste consisting of cement paste, lightweight concrete and bricks is a worthless material generated by a growing city. However, research suggests that it may be applied as an alternative heavy metal immobilising agent. The diverse characteristics of demolition waste were examined. Cadmium was selected as there presentative heavy metal to investigate demolition waste adsorption capacity. The solid-liquid distribution coefficients (Kd) were observed. The adsorption isotherms were applied to investigate adsorption characteristics...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157549/severity-of-complicated-versus-uncomplicated-subthreshold-depression-new-evidence-on-the-monotonicity-thesis-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey
#8
Jerome C Wakefield, Mark F Schmitz
BACKGROUND: "Complicated" subthreshold depression (CsD) includes at least one of six pathosuggestive "complicated" symptoms: >6 months duration, marked role impairment, sense of worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic ideation, and psychomotor retardation. "Uncomplicated" subthreshold depression (UsD) has no complicated features. Whereas studies show that complicated (CMDD) versus uncomplicated (UMDD) major depression differ substantially in severity and prognosis, UsD and CsD severity has not been previously compared...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151524/-from-popularization-to-participation-communicating-science-in-the-knowledge-society
#9
Antonio Scalari
Vaccines are among the scientific topics that draw most interest in the public sphere. The discussion, however, can produce polarization, eventually becoming a controversy between "supporters of science" and "antiscience people". The aggressiveness of some anti-vaxxers, and their resistance to scientific evidence, can induce the belief that the confrontation is worthless, because many think that the top-down approach is the only one that can be used. The premise of this approach is that the gap of information is the main barrier between the scientific community and the society...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093878/in-pursuit-of-greater-reproducibility-and-credibility-of-early-clinical-biomarker-research
#10
L M McShane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063875/clinical-worthlessness-of-genetic-prediction-of-common-forms-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-related-chronic-complications-a-position-statement-of-the-italian-society-of-diabetology
#11
REVIEW
R Buzzetti, S Prudente, M Copetti, M Dauriz, S Zampetti, M Garofolo, G Penno, V Trischitta
AIM: We are currently facing several attempts aimed at marketing genetic data for predicting multifactorial diseases, among which diabetes mellitus is one of the more prevalent. The present document primarily aims at providing to practicing physicians a summary of available data regarding the role of genetic information in predicting diabetes and its chronic complications. DATA SYNTHESIS: Firstly, general information about characteristics and performance of risk prediction tools will be presented in order to help clinicians to get acquainted with basic methodological information related to the subject at issue...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006716/biomolecular-aspects-of-depression-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
Brandon N Peacock, David J Scheiderer, Gottfried H Kellermann
OBJECTIVE: The effects of psychological stress, oxidative stress, and chronic low grade inflammation on the neuro-immune connection have been implicated in the pathogenesis of depression. Thus, in the recent past, there has been a growing effort in determining the mechanism of this pathogenesis. While attempting to map out, this mechanism researchers and clinicians have searched for clinically relevant biomarkers for use in the diagnosis and for the assessment of those suffering from depression...
February 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#13
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#14
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888700/negative-mood-and-interference-control-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#15
Kenneth J D Allen, Jill M Hooley
People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often report high levels of impulsivity. However, results from behavioral tasks measuring impulsivity have been mixed: those with a history of NSSI generally perform comparably to healthy controls. Recent research suggests, however, that people who self-injure have specific deficits in response inhibition to negative emotional stimuli. Here, we extend this work by testing whether negative mood impairs interference control in NSSI. 33 participants reporting a history of NSSI (approximately half in the past year) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed the multi-source interference task before and after a written negative mood induction designed to increase feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and shame...
February 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837383/exploring-measurement-invariance-by-gender-in-the-profile-of-mood-states-depression-subscale-among-cancer-survivors
#16
Jihye Kim, Tenbroeck Smith
PURPOSE: The Profile of Mood States-Short Form (POMS-SF) is a well-validated tool commonly used in medical/clinical research. Less attention has been paid to the measurement invariance of the POMS-the degree to which the structure and items behave similarly for different groups (e.g., women and men). This study investigated the measurement invariance of the POMS Depression subscale across gender groups in a sample of cancer survivors. METHODS: The POMS Depression subscale has 8 items (Unhappy, Sad, Blue, Hopeless, Discouraged, Miserable, Helpless, and Worthless)...
January 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833645/the-impact-of-psychopathological-subtypes-on-retention-rate-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-entering-residential-therapeutic-community-treatment
#17
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Emanuela Trogu, Federica Vigna-Taglianti, Federica Mathis, Roberto Diecidue, Ursula Kirchmayer, Laura Amato, Joli Ghibaudi, Antonella Camposeragna, Alessio Saponaro, Marina Davoli, Fabrizio Faggiano, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: A specific psychopathology of addiction has been proposed and described using the self-report symptom inventory (SCL-90), leading to a 5-factor aggregation of psychological/psychiatric symptoms: 'worthlessness and being trapped', 'somatic symptoms', 'sensitivity-psychoticism', 'panic-anxiety' and 'violence-suicide' in various populations of patients with heroin use disorder (HUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs). These clusters of symptoms, according to studies that have highlighted the role of possible confounding factors (such as demographic and clinical characteristics, active heroin use, lifetime psychiatric problems and kind of treatment received by the patients), seem to constitute a trait rather than a state of the psychological structure of addiction...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810714/symptom-quality-versus-quantity-in-judging-prognosis-using-nesarc-predictive-validators-to-locate-uncomplicated-major-depression-on-the-number-of-symptoms-severity-continuum
#18
Jerome C Wakefield, Mark F Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated major depressive disorder (UMDD) is defined as MDD that does not include any of six pathosuggestive features: more than six months duration, marked functional impairment, sense of worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic ideation, and psychomotor retardation. Complicated MDD (CMDD) includes all episodes containing one or more of these features. UMDD has been shown to be lower than CMDD and indistinguishable from no-MDD-history on predictive pathology validators...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807727/positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-patients-with-recurrent-colorectal-liver-metastases-impact-on-restaging-and-treatment-planning
#19
Luca Viganò, Egesta Lopci, Guido Costa, Marcello Rodari, Dario Poretti, Vittorio Pedicini, Luigi Solbiati, Arturo Chiti, Guido Torzilli
BACKGROUND: The impact of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) still is debated. Its relevance could be enhanced in the case of recurrent disease. The current study aimed to elucidate the role of PET-CT in restaging and treatment planning for recurrent CLM. METHODS: A series of 352 consecutive patients undergoing their first liver resection for CLM between 2005 and 2014 was reviewed...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773922/the-state-of-play-in-higher-eukaryote-gene-annotation
#20
Jonathan M Mudge, Jennifer Harrow
A genome sequence is worthless if it cannot be deciphered; therefore, efforts to describe - or 'annotate' - genes began as soon as DNA sequences became available. Whereas early work focused on individual protein-coding genes, the modern genomic ocean is a complex maelstrom of alternative splicing, non-coding transcription and pseudogenes. Scientists - from clinicians to evolutionary biologists - need to navigate these waters, and this has led to the design of high-throughput, computationally driven annotation projects...
December 2016: Nature Reviews. Genetics
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