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Juanli Li, Jiacheng Xie, Zhaojian Yang, Junjie Li
To reduce the difficulty of acquiring and transmitting data in mining hoist fault diagnosis systems and to mitigate the low efficiency and unreasonable reasoning process problems, a fault diagnosis method for mine hoisting equipment based on the Internet of Things (IoT) is proposed in this study. The IoT requires three basic architectural layers: a perception layer, network layer, and application layer. In the perception layer, we designed a collaborative acquisition system based on the ZigBee short distance wireless communication technology for key components of the mine hoisting equipment...
June 13, 2018: Sensors
Ramon Sanchez-Iborra, Jesús Sánchez-Gómez, Salvador Pérez, Pedro J Fernández, José Santa, José L Hernández-Ramos, Antonio F Skarmeta
Luckily, new communication technologies and protocols are nowadays designed considering security issues. A clear example of this can be found in the Internet of Things (IoT) field, a quite recent area where communication technologies such as ZigBee or IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN) already include security features to guarantee authentication, confidentiality and integrity. More recent technologies are Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LP-WAN), which also consider security, but present initial approaches that can be further improved...
June 5, 2018: Sensors
Razvan Andrei Gheorghiu, Valentin Iordache
As road traffic conditions worsen due to the constantly increasing number of cars, traffic management systems are struggling to provide a suitable environment, by gathering all the relevant information from the road network. However, in most cases these are obtained via traffic detectors placed near road junctions, thus providing no information on the conditions in between. A large-scale sensor network using detectors on the majority of vehicles would certainly be capable of providing useful data, but has two major impediments: the equipment installed on the vehicles should be cheap enough (assuming the willingness of private car owners to be a part of the network) and be capable of transferring the required amount of data in due time, as the vehicle passes by the road side unit that acts as interface with the traffic management system...
June 3, 2018: Sensors
Yipeng Xing, Guojing Wang, Yalei Lu, Weidong Wang
We designed a multi-functional medical wireless gateway based on Zigbee Bluetooth and WiFi Technology to monitor the medical physiological status of subjects in real time. On the one hand, the gateway acts as the Zigbee coordinator, organizing the Zigbee network and controlling multiple medical digital terminals. On the other hand, the gateway implements a heterogeneous wireless network. It establishes the communication between the medical digital terminals and the host computers or hand-held devices. In addition, we developed a display interface based on the LabVIEW platform, implemented the display and storage of various physiological data on the host computer, and verified the availability of the medical wireless gateway...
January 30, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Guojing Wang, Weidong Wang, Lei Yu
Based on the heart rate monitor front end AD8232 chips and Zigbee system solutions CC2530 single chip, the wireless ECG monitor has been realized in order to implement the acquisition, processing and wireless transmission of electrocardiogram signal. Meanwhile, the real-time heart rate has been calculated and wirelessly transmitted. The wireless ECG monitor is characterized by low power consumption, small size and simple operation. It can be seen from the experimental results that the wireless ECG monitor designed in this paper can successfully obtain favorable ECG data and real-time heart rate data and display it...
January 30, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Samuel Olaiya Afolaranmi, Borja Ramis Ferrer, Jose Luis Martinez Lastra
The monitoring of ambient conditions in indoor spaces is very essential owing to the amount of time spent indoors. Specifically, the monitoring of air quality is significant because contaminated air affects the health, comfort and productivity of occupants. This research work presents a technology review of prototyping platforms for monitoring ambient conditions in indoor spaces. It involves the research on sensors (for CO2 , air quality and ambient conditions), IoT platforms, and novel and commercial prototyping platforms...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Jure Tuta, Matjaz B Juric
This paper presents MFAM (Multiple Frequency Adaptive Model-based localization method), a novel model-based indoor localization method that is capable of using multiple wireless signal frequencies simultaneously. It utilizes indoor architectural model and physical properties of wireless signal propagation through objects and space. The motivation for developing multiple frequency localization method lies in the future Wi-Fi standards (e.g., 802.11ah) and the growing number of various wireless signals present in the buildings (e...
March 24, 2018: Sensors
Alessandro Pozzebon, Irene Cappelli, Alessandro Mecocci, Duccio Bertoni, Giovanni Sarti, Fernanda Alquini
Direct measurements of aeolian sand transport on coastal dunes and beaches is of paramount importance to make correct decisions about coast management. As most of the existing studies are mainly based on a statistical approach, the solution presented in this paper proposes a sensing structure able to orient itself according to wind direction and directly calculate the amount of wind-transported sand by collecting it and by measuring its weight. Measurements are performed remotely without requiring human action because the structure is equipped with a ZigBee radio module, which periodically sends readings to a local gateway...
March 8, 2018: Sensors
Peio Lopez-Iturri, Erik Aguirre, Jesús Daniel Trigo, José Javier Astrain, Leyre Azpilicueta, Luis Serrano, Jesús Villadangos, Francisco Falcone
In the context of hospital management and operation, Intensive Care Units (ICU) are one of the most challenging in terms of time responsiveness and criticality, in which adequate resource management and signal processing play a key role in overall system performance. In this work, a context aware Intensive Care Unit is implemented and analyzed to provide scalable signal acquisition capabilities, as well as to provide tracking and access control. Wireless channel analysis is performed by means of hybrid optimized 3D Ray Launching deterministic simulation to assess potential interference impact as well as to provide required coverage/capacity thresholds for employed transceivers...
January 29, 2018: Sensors
Matteo Ridolfi, Stef Vandermeeren, Jense Defraye, Heidi Steendam, Joeri Gerlo, Dirk De Clercq, Jeroen Hoebeke, Eli De Poorter
Radio frequency (RF)-based indoor positioning systems (IPSs) use wireless technologies (including Wi-Fi, Zigbee, Bluetooth, and ultra-wide band (UWB)) to estimate the location of persons in areas where no Global Positioning System (GPS) reception is available, for example in indoor stadiums or sports halls. Of the above-mentioned forms of radio frequency (RF) technology, UWB is considered one of the most accurate approaches because it can provide positioning estimates with centimeter-level accuracy. However, it is not yet known whether UWB can also offer such accurate position estimates during strenuous dynamic activities in which moves are characterized by fast changes in direction and velocity...
January 9, 2018: Sensors
Dengying Jiang, Ling Yu, Fei Wang, Xiaoxia Xie, Yongsheng Yu
To improve the traditional smart home system, its electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control are studied. In this paper, we study the electric wiring, networking technology, information transmission and facility control to improve the traditional smart home system. First, ZigBee is used to replace the traditional electric wiring. Second, a network is built to connect lots of wireless sensors and facilities, thanks to the capability of ZigBee self-organized network and Genetic Algorithm-Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm (GA-PSOA) to search for the optimal route...
2017: PloS One
Ke-Feng Lin, Shih-Sung Lin, Min-Hsiung Hung, Chung-Hsien Kuo, Ping-Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: Local hospitals must deal with large numbers of patients during mass casualty incidents, and the wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can help in these situations by monitoring vital signs. Conventional ZigBee nodes can obtain the ID of a device by assigning a unique 16-bit short address or by burning firmware into an IC. These methods tend to complicate node management and lack portability. OBJECTIVE: The study developed a node management mechanism to deal with a large number of patients in real-time, through the wireless monitoring of physiological signals...
2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Meina Li, Youn Tae Kim
Athlete evaluation systems can effectively monitor daily training and boost performance to reduce injuries. Conventional heart-rate measurement systems can be easily affected by artifact movement, especially in the case of athletes. Significant noise can be generated owing to high-intensity activities. To improve the comfort for athletes and the accuracy of monitoring, we have proposed to combine robust heart rate and agility index monitoring algorithms into a small, light, and single node. A band-pass-filter-based R-wave detection algorithm was developed...
October 17, 2017: Sensors
Daniel Vaquerizo-Hdez, Pablo Muñoz, María D R-Moreno, David F Barrero
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are becoming increasingly popular since they can gather information from different locations without wires. This advantage is exploited in applications such as robotic systems, telecare, domotic or smart cities, among others. To gain independence from the electricity grid, WSNs devices are equipped with batteries, therefore their operational time is determined by the time that the batteries can power on the device. As a consequence, engineers must consider low energy consumption as a critical objective to design WSNs...
September 22, 2017: Sensors
Omar S Alwan, K Prahald Rao
Real-time monitoring systems (RTMSs) have drawn considerable attentions in the last decade. Several commercial versions of RTMS for patient monitoring are available which are used by health care professionals. Though they are working satisfactorily on various communication protocols, their range, power consumption, data rate and cost are really bothered. In this study, the authors present an efficient embedded system based wireless health care monitoring system using ZigBee. Their system has a capability to transmit the data between two embedded systems through two transceivers over a long range...
August 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
Malcolm Clarke, Joost de Folter, Vivek Verma, Hulya Gokalp
This paper describes the implementation of an end-to-end remote monitoring platform based on the IEEE 11073 standards for personal health devices (PHD). It provides an overview of the concepts and approaches and describes how the standard has been optimized for small devices with limited resources of processor, memory, and power that use short-range wireless technology. It explains aspects of IEEE 11073, including the domain information model, state model, and nomenclature, and how these support its plug-and-play architecture...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Shi Yan, Haoyan Ma, Peng Li, Gangbing Song, Jianxin Wu
Structural health monitoring (SHM) systems can improve the safety and reliability of structures, reduce maintenance costs, and extend service life. Research on concrete SHMs using piezoelectric-based smart aggregates have reached great achievements. However, the newly developed techniques have not been widely applied in practical engineering, largely due to the wiring problems associated with large-scale structural health monitoring. The cumbersome wiring requires much material and labor work, and more importantly, the associated maintenance work is also very heavy...
July 17, 2017: Sensors
Prasan Kumar Sahoo, Sudhir Ranjan Pattanaik, Shih-Lin Wu
The IEEE 802.15.4e standard proposes Medium Access Control (MAC) to support collision-free wireless channel access mechanisms for industrial, commercial and healthcare applications. However, unnecessary wastage of energy and bandwidth consumption occur due to inefficient backoff management and collisions. In this paper, a new channel access mechanism is designed for the buffer constraint sensor devices to reduce the packet drop rate, energy consumption and collisions. In order to avoid collision due to the hidden terminal problem, a new frame structure is designed for the data transmission...
June 7, 2017: Sensors
Erico Leão, Carlos Montez, Ricardo Moraes, Paulo Portugal, Francisco Vasques
The IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee cluster-tree topology is a suitable technology to deploy wide-scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). These networks are usually designed to support convergecast traffic, where all communication paths go through the PAN (Personal Area Network) coordinator. Nevertheless, peer-to-peer communication relationships may be also required for different types of WSN applications. That is the typical case of sensor and actuator networks, where local control loops must be closed using a reduced number of communication hops...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
Jaegeun Moon, Im Y Jung, Jaesoo Yoo
Various wireless technologies, such as RF, Bluetooth, and Zigbee, have been applied to sensor communications. However, the applications of Bluetooth-based wireless sensor networks (WSN) have a security issue. In one pairing process during Bluetooth communication, which is known as simple secure pairing (SSP), the devices are required to specify I/O capability or user interference to prevent man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks. This study proposes an enhanced SSP in which a nonce to be transferred is converted to a corresponding signal interval...
April 2, 2017: Sensors
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