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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738594/optical-sensor-for-fluoride-determination-in-tea-sample-based-on-evanescent-wave-interaction-and-fiber-optic-integration
#1
Yan Xiong, Jiayi Wu, Qing Wang, Jing Xu, Shenwen Fang, Jie Chen, Ming Duan
In this work, a miniaturized optical sensor was developed for fluoride determination in tea samples to evaluate their specific risks of fluorosis for public health based on evanescent-wave interaction. The sensor design was integrated on the optical fiber by utilizing the evanescent wave produced on the fiber surface to react with sensing reagents. According to the absorption change at 575nm, fluoride could be determined by colorimetric method and evaluated by Beer's law. With improved performances of small detection volume (1...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738370/drug-level-monitoring-on-admission-for-presurgical-epilepsy-evaluation
#2
Irina Constantinescu, Christian M Korff, Serge Vulliemoz, Fabienne Picard, Margitta Seeck
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation for surgical treatment is offered to patients who do not respond to antiepileptic drugs. Pseudo-pharmacoresistance (PPR) has been described in the context of impaired compliance, incorrect diagnosis of epilepsy or pharmacological interference resulting in too low blood levels. We were interested to determine the frequency and causes of PPR in patients admitted for presurgical evaluation. METHODS: We reviewed 553 drug levels in 199 patients and analyzed the relative frequency of drugs below reference range (10 and 20% below the range)...
July 24, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737995/factors-in-the-4-week-acceptance-of-a-computer-based-chronic-disease-self-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-hypertension
#3
Mian Yan, Calvin Or
BACKGROUND: Health information technology (HIT) interventions developed to support patients' self-care for chronic diseases have become popular, but people may not always accept and sustain their use. INTRODUCTION: This study examined factors that affected patients' acceptance of a computer-based, chronic disease self-monitoring system over a 4-week period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A research model was developed to test the relationships between the perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, and subjective norm and the patients' behavioral intention to use the system (i...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737991/lowering-cost-share-may-improve-rates-of-home-glucose-monitoring-among-patients-with-diabetes-using-insulin
#4
Yiqiong Xie, Abiy Agiro, Kevin Bowman, Andrea DeVries
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about the extent to which lower cost share for blood glucose strips is associated with persistent filling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between cost sharing for blood glucose testing strips and continued use of testing strips. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study using medical and pharmacy claims data integrated with laboratory hemoglobin A1c (A1c) values for patients using insulin and blood glucose testing strips...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737983/advancing-patient-care-through-specialty-pharmacy-services-in-an-academic-health-system
#5
Autumn Bagwell, Tara Kelley, Alicia Carver, Jennifer B Lee, Brandon Newman
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of specialty pharmacies, including those within academic health systems, pharmacists have the opportunity to improve patient care through the management of specialty medications. Specialty pharmacists within academic health systems are uniquely positioned to overcome restrictions to medication access, financial constraints, and provider burdens that often lead to obstacles for patients to start and maintain necessary treatments. The Vanderbilt Specialty Pharmacy (VSP) model at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) provides an example of a patient-centered, collaborative care prototype that places pharmacists directly into specialty clinics to assist with comprehensive management of patients on specialty medications...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737748/inflammation-free-gas-permeable-lightweight-stretchable-on-skin-electronics-with-nanomeshes
#6
Akihito Miyamoto, Sungwon Lee, Nawalage Florence Cooray, Sunghoon Lee, Mami Mori, Naoji Matsuhisa, Hanbit Jin, Leona Yoda, Tomoyuki Yokota, Akira Itoh, Masaki Sekino, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Tamotsu Ebihara, Masayuki Amagai, Takao Someya
Thin-film electronic devices can be integrated with skin for health monitoring and/or for interfacing with machines. Minimal invasiveness is highly desirable when applying wearable electronics directly onto human skin. However, manufacturing such on-skin electronics on planar substrates results in limited gas permeability. Therefore, it is necessary to systematically investigate their long-term physiological and psychological effects. As a demonstration of substrate-free electronics, here we show the successful fabrication of inflammation-free, highly gas-permeable, ultrathin, lightweight and stretchable sensors that can be directly laminated onto human skin for long periods of time, realized with a conductive nanomesh structure...
July 17, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737692/salt-reductions-in-some-foods-in-the-netherlands-monitoring-of-food-composition-and-salt-intake
#7
Elisabeth H M Temme, Marieke A H Hendriksen, Ivon E J Milder, Ido B Toxopeus, Susanne Westenbrink, Henny A M Brants, Daphne L van der A
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High salt intake increases blood pressure and thereby the risk of chronic diseases. Food reformulation (or food product improvement) may lower the dietary intake of salt. This study describes the changes in salt contents of foods in the Dutch market over a five-year period (2011-2016) and differences in estimated salt intake over a 10-year period (2006-2015). METHODS: To assess the salt contents of foods; we obtained recent data from chemical analyses and from food labels...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737685/microcystin-prevalence-throughout-lentic-waterbodies-in-coastal-southern-california
#8
Meredith D A Howard, Carey Nagoda, Raphael M Kudela, Kendra Hayashi, Avery Tatters, David A Caron, Lilian Busse, Jeff Brown, Martha Sutula, Eric D Stein
Toxin producing cyanobacterial blooms have increased globally in recent decades in both frequency and intensity. Despite the recognition of this growing risk, the extent and magnitude of cyanobacterial blooms and cyanotoxin prevalence is poorly characterized in the heavily populated region of southern California. Recent assessments of lentic waterbodies (depressional wetlands, lakes, reservoirs and coastal lagoons) determined the prevalence of microcystins and, in some cases, additional cyanotoxins. Microcystins were present in all waterbody types surveyed although toxin concentrations were generally low across most habitats, as only a small number of sites exceeded California's recreational health thresholds for acute toxicity...
July 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737585/biomarkers-in-sports-and-exercise-tracking-health-performance-and-recovery-in-athletes
#9
Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, J Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay-persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737220/current-state-of-pharmacovigilance-in-the-arab-and-eastern-mediterranean-region-results-of-a-2015-survey
#10
Danya M Qato
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the current state of pharmacovigilance systems in Arab and Eastern Mediterranean countries. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between May and September 2015. Data were gathered from a standardized online survey sent to pharmacovigilance leadership identified as the official national contact for the WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring. In countries with no specified pharmacovigilance programme or leadership, Ministry of Health officers responsible for drug safety policies were invited to participate in the survey...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736770/classification-of-helpful-comments-on-online-suicide-watch-forums
#11
Ramakanth Kavuluru, Amanda G Williams, María Ramos-Morales, Laura Haye, Tara Holaday, Julie Cerel
Among social media websites, Reddit has emerged as a widely used online message board for focused mental health topics including depression, addiction, and suicide watch (SW). In particular, the SW community/subreddit has nearly 40,000 subscribers and 13 human moderators who monitor for abusive comments among other things. Given comments on posts from users expressing suicidal thoughts can be written from any part of the world at any time, moderating in a timely manner can be tedious. Furthermore, Reddit's default comment ranking does not involve aspects that relate to the "helpfulness" of a comment from a suicide prevention (SP) perspective...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#12
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736683/progress-toward-optimizing-prosthetic-socket-fit-and-suspension-using-elevated-vacuum-to-promote-residual-limb-health
#13
Matthew M Wernke, Ryan M Schroeder, Michael L Haynes, Lonnie L Nolt, Alexander W Albury, James M Colvin
Objective: Prosthetic sockets are custom made for each amputee, yet there are no quantitative tools to determine the appropriateness of socket fit. Ensuring a proper socket fit can have significant effects on the health of residual limb soft tissues and overall function and acceptance of the prosthetic limb. Previous work found that elevated vacuum pressure data can detect movement between the residual limb and the prosthetic socket; however, the correlation between the two was specific to each user. The overall objective of this work is to determine the relationship between elevated vacuum pressure deviations and prosthetic socket fit...
July 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736564/characterization-of-an-animal-model-to-study-risk-factors-and-new-therapies-for-the-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-major-health-issue-in-our-aging-population
#14
Anja Verhulst, Ellen Neven, Patrick C D'Haese
BACKGROUND: The cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a major health problem in our aging population. The term was introduced to cover disorders of the kidneys and heart, whereby dysfunction of one organ may induce dysfunction of the other. As the natural history of the CRS is mostly slow, hence difficult to explore in clinical trials, adequate animal models combining cardiovascular and renal disease are required. Therefore, we developed and characterized a usable model for CRS type 4, i.e. chronic kidney disease (CKD) causing cardiac dysfunction...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736202/primary-care-team-and-clinic-level-factors-affecting-hpv-vaccine-uptake
#15
Emmeline Chuang, Claudia Cabrera, Selene Mak, Beth Glenn, Michael Hochman, Roshan Bastani
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patient-, care team- and clinic-level factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine initiation and completion. METHODS: HPV vaccine initiation and completion rates among adolescents aged 9-18years were assessed using administrative data (n=38,277) from a large federally qualified health center serving predominantly Latino patients. Four clinics with particularly high and low adolescent HPV vaccine uptake were selected for in-depth case study analyses...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735905/awareness-and-knowledge-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-the%C3%A2-general-population
#16
Ching-Hui Sia, Yueheng Hong, Linda W L Tan, Rob M van Dam, Chi-Hang Lee, Adeline Tan
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasingly prevalent condition that remains largely undiagnosed. We aimed to assess the level of awareness and knowledge of OSA among the general population. METHODS: The Singapore Health 2 was a population-based study that comprised interview and health screening components. Out of 2720 subjects who completed the interview component, 2080 subjects gave consent for further health surveys. We contacted these subjects and conducted a structured telephone interview...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735777/heroin-and-fentanyl-overdoses-in-kentucky-epidemiology-and-surveillance
#17
Svetla Slavova, Julia F Costich, Terry L Bunn, Huong Luu, Michael Singleton, Sarah L Hargrove, Jeremy S Triplett, Dana Quesinberry, William Ralston, Van Ingram
BACKGROUND: The study aims to describe recent changes in Kentucky's drug overdose trends related to increased heroin and fentanyl involvement, and to discuss future directions for improved drug overdose surveillance. METHODS: The study used multiple data sources (death certificates, postmortem toxicology results, emergency department [ED] records, law enforcement drug submissions, and prescription drug monitoring records) to describe temporal, geographic, and demographic changes in drug overdoses in Kentucky...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735585/analyses-of-body-weight-patterns-in-growing-pigs-a-new-view-on-body-weight-in-pigs-for-frequent-monitoring
#18
A H Stygar, K A Dolecheck, A R Kristensen
Frequent BW monitoring of growing pigs can be useful for identifying production (e.g. feeding), health and welfare problems. However, in order to construct a tool which will properly recognize abnormalities in pigs' growth a precise description of the growth process should be used. In this study we proposed a new model of pig growth accounting for daily fluctuations in BW. Body weight measurements of 1710 pigs (865 gilts and 843 barrows) originating from five consecutive batches from a Danish commercial farm were collected...
July 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735357/promoting-and-protecting-public-health-how-the-european-union-pharmacovigilance-system-works
#19
Aniello Santoro, Georgy Genov, Almath Spooner, June Raine, Peter Arlett
This article provides an overview of the European Union pharmacovigilance system resulting from the rationalisation and strengthening delivered through the implementation of the revised pharmacovigilance legislation. It outlines the system aims, underlying principles, components and drivers for future change. At its core, the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee is responsible for assessing all aspects of the risk management of medicinal products, thus ensuring that medicines approved for the European Union market are optimally used by maximising their benefits and minimising risks...
July 22, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735353/non-vitamin-k-oral-anticoagulants-noacs-and-their-reversal
#20
REVIEW
Sujan T Reddy, T C Cossey, Sean I Savitz, James C Grotta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An 80-year-old man presents with an acute right hemiparesis and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) of 25, 14 h after taking dabigatran. Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) is 42.8 s. Arteriogram demonstrates left internal carotid artery thrombosis. What is the appropriate management of this patient with acute ischemic stroke while on a NOAC? RECENT FINDINGS: Idarucizumab is a reversal agent approved for dabigatran, and two more reversal agents, andexanet alfa and aripazine, are currently in development for NOACs...
September 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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