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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921633/healthcare-resources-are-inadequate-to-address-the-burden-of-illness-among-hiv-infected-male-prisoners-in-malaysia
#1
Joseph Bick, Gabriel Culbert, Haider A Al-Darraji, Clayton Koh, Veena Pillai, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick Altice
Purpose Criminalization of drug use in Malaysia has concentrated people who inject drugs (PWID) and people living with HIV into prisons where health services are minimal and HIV-related mortality is high. Few studies have comprehensively assessed the complex health needs of this population. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach From October 2012 through March 2013, 221 sequentially selected HIV-infected male prisoners underwent a comprehensive health assessment that included a structured history, physical examination, and clinically indicated diagnostic studies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921420/-frequency-and-timing-of-meals-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-adventist-health-study-2
#2
Hana Kahleová, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary Fraser
GOAL: Our study focuses on examining the relationship between the frequency and timing of meals and changes in BMI in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) which represents a relatively healthy population in North America. METHODOLOGY: A longitudinal analysis was undertaken using data from 48 673 individuals monitored over an average period of 7.43 ± 1.24 years. The number of meals per day, length of nighttime fasting, eating breakfast and timing of the largest meal of the day (breakfast 5-11 a...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920943/a-pilot-dental-survey-on-maui
#3
Olivia Jenkins, Sara Routley, Tina Pedro-Gomes, Lorrin Pang
Routine dental screening surveys of third graders have proven to be a useful tool to monitor the dental health of a community, especially those of highest risk. In 2010 the PEW Charitable Trust (PEW) conducted state-by-state oral hygiene assessments, giving Hawai'i a poor grade, with routine dental surveys of children one of several criteria not met. The Maui Oral Health Task Force piloted its own survey for the island of Maui to assess the challenges in implementing a dental screening and to gain an understanding as to how obstacles might be addressed...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920540/treatment-cost-of-narcolepsy-with-cataplexy-in-central-europe
#4
Petra Maresova, Michal Novotny, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a lifelong, rare neurological sleep disorder characterized by chronic, excessive attacks of daytime sleepiness. This disease is often extremely incapacitating, interfering with every aspect of life, in work and social settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to specify the treatment costs of patients in Central Europe (Czech Republic), while the attention is mainly paid to the drugs that were fully or partially covered by public health insurance...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920270/think-like-a-hacker-insights-on-the-latest-attack-vectors-and-security-controls-for-medical-device-applications
#5
Mandeep Khera
Ready or not, the Internet of things (IoT) is here. No longer just a buzz term, it'll continue to grow at an unprecedented pace over the next few years expecting to reach over 25 billion connected devices by 2020. History shows us that most fast growth technology solutions focus on solving business problems first and security is an afterthought. Unfortunately, IoT is following the same trend. Most IoT devices, apps, and infrastructure were developed without security in mind and are likely going to become targets of hackers...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920194/experimental-validation-of-the-avivet-trap-a-tool-to-quantitatively-monitor-the-dynamics-of-dermanyssus-gallinae-populations-in-laying-hens
#6
G A Lammers, R G G Bronneberg, J C M Vernooij, J A Stegeman
Dermanyssus gallinae (D.gallinae) infestation causes economic losses due to impaired health and production of hens and costs of parasite control across the world. Moreover, infestations are associated with reduced welfare of hens and may cause itching in humans. To effectively implement control methods it is crucially important to have high quality information about the D.gallinae populations in poultry houses in space and time. At present no validated tool is available to quantitatively monitor the dynamics of all four stages of D...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919584/assessment-of-population-exposure-to-pm2-5-for-mortality-in-china-and-its-public-health-benefit-based-on-benmap
#7
Li Chen, Mengshuang Shi, Shuang Gao, Suhuan Li, Jian Mao, Hui Zhang, Yanling Sun, Zhipeng Bai, Zhongliang Wang
Along with the rapid socioeconomic development, air pollution in China has become a severe problem. One component of air pollution, in particular, PM2.5 has aroused wide public concern because of its high concentration. In this study, data were collected from over 900 monitoring sites of the newly constructed PM2.5 monitoring network in China. The interpolation methods were used to simulate the PM2.5 exposure level of China especially in rural areas, thus reflecting the spatial variation of PM2.5 pollution...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919428/anxiety-and-comorbid-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-community-based-sample-of-young-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#8
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is common following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), but who is most at risk, and to what extent, is not well understood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from a randomly-selected community sample (Wave 1: 7397, Wave 2: 6621 and Wave 3: 6042) comprising three adult cohorts (young: 20-24 years of age, middle-aged: 40-44, older: 60-64), were analysed. The association between TBI history, anxiety and comorbid depression was assessed, controlling for age, sex, marital/employment status, medical conditions, recent life events, alcohol consumption, social support and physical activity...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919397/a-national-standards-based-assessment-on-functionality-of-electronic-medical-records-systems-used-in-kenyan-public-sector-health-facilities
#9
REVIEW
Samuel Kang'a, Nancy Puttkammer, Steven Wanyee, Davies Kimanga, Jason Madrano, Veronica Muthee, Patrick Odawo, Anjali Sharma, Tom Oluoch, Katherine Robinson, James Kwach, William B Lober
BACKGROUND: Variations in the functionality, content and form of electronic medical record systems (EMRs) challenge national roll-out of these systems as part of a national strategy to monitor HIV response. To enforce the EMRs minimum requirements for delivery of quality HIV services, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MoH) developed EMRs standards and guidelines. The standards guided the recommendation of EMRs that met a preset threshold for national roll-out. METHODS: Using a standards-based checklist, six review teams formed by the MoH EMRs Technical Working Group rated a total of 17 unique EMRs in 28 heath facilities selected by individual owners for their optimal EMR implementation...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919390/scaling-up-health-information-systems-to-improve-hiv-treatment-an-assessment-of-initial-patient-monitoring-systems-in-mozambique
#10
Mindy Hochgesang, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Lissa Moran, Leopoldo Nhampossa, Laura Packel, Hannah Leslie, Janise Richards, Starley B Shade
INTRODUCTION: The rapid scale-up of HIV care and treatment in resource-limited countries requires concurrent, rapid development of health information systems to support quality service delivery. Mozambique, a country with an 11.5% prevalence of HIV, has developed nation-wide patient monitoring systems (PMS) with standardized reporting tools, utilized by all HIV treatment providers in paper or electronic form. Evaluation of the initial implementation of PMS can inform and strengthen future development as the country moves towards a harmonized, sustainable health information system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919389/older-patients-use-of-technology-for-a-post-discharge-nutritional-intervention-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#11
T Lindhardt, M H Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequent in older people and a precursor for morbidity and hospitalisation; furthermore low intake and weight loss during and after hospitalisation is well-described. Such patients are often excluded from technology projects on account of lack of skills. This is a barrier for their access to many current and future health care offers. OBJECTIVES: To test the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of technology-supported energy- and protein-enforced homedelivered meals for older patients discharged from hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919385/usability-problems-do-not-heal-by-themselves-national-survey-on-physicians-experiences-with-ehrs-in-finland
#12
Johanna Kaipio, Tinja Lääveri, Hannele Hyppönen, Suvi Vainiomäki, Jarmo Reponen, Andre Kushniruk, Elizabeth Borycki, Jukka Vänskä
PURPOSE: Survey studies of health information systems use tend to focus on availability of functionalities, adoption and intensity of use. Usability surveys have not been systematically conducted by any healthcare professional groups on a national scale on a repeated basis. This paper presents results from two cross-sectional surveys of physicians' experiences with the usability of currently used EHR systems in Finland. The research questions were: To what extent has the overall situation improved between 2010 and 2014? What differences are there between healthcare sectors? METHODS: In the spring of 2014, a survey was conducted in Finland using a questionnaire that measures usability and respondents' user experiences with electronic health record (EHR) systems...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919369/informing-the-development-of-an-internet-based-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#13
Amédé Gogovor, Regina Visca, Claudine Auger, Lucie Bouvrette-Leblanc, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Lise Poissant, Mark A Ware, Yoram Shir, Natacha Viens, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Self-management can optimize health outcomes for individuals with chronic pain (CP), an increasing fiscal and social burden in Canada. However, self-management is rarely integrated into the regular care (team activities and medical treatment) patients receive. Health information technology offers an opportunity to provide regular monitoring and exchange of information between patient and care team. OBJECTIVE: To identify information needs and gaps in chronic pain management as well as technology features to inform the development of an Internet-based self-management program...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#14
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#15
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919155/-possible-health-risks-from-asbestos-in-drinking-water
#16
Agostino Di Ciaula, Valerio Gennaro
The recent finding of asbestos fibres in drinking water (up to 700.000 fibres/litres) in Tuscany (Central Italy) leads to concerns about health risks in exposed communities. Exposure to asbestos has been linked with cancer at several levels of the gastrointestinal tract, and it has been documented, in an animal model, a direct cytotoxic effect of asbestos fibres on the ileum. It has been recently described a possible link between asbestos and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and asbestos fibres have been detected in humans in histological samples from colon cancer and in gallbladder bile...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919152/-monitoring-plan-of-environmental-contaminants-in-sheep-milk-from-areas-next-to-an-italian-contaminated-site-named-%C3%A2-aree-industriali-di-porto-torres-e-discarica-di-calancoi%C3%A2-industrial-areas-of-porto-torres-and-landfill-of-calancoi-in-sardinia-region-southern
#17
Francesco Sgarangella, Giuseppe Bitti, Maria Caterina Suelzu, Pietro Desini, Patrizia Piras, Gianuario Fiori, Maurizio Cossu, Giannina Chessa
OBJECTIVES: to assess concentration levels of dioxins, PCBs, and chemical elements in sheep milk produced in areas close to the Italian contaminated site (CS) located in the North-West of Sardinia (Southern Italy), named «Aree industriali di Porto Torres e discarica di Calancoi» (i.e., industrial areas of Porto Torres and landfill of Calancoi). DESIGN: monitoring plan of environmental contaminants on zootechnical productions based on analysis of dioxins, PCBs, heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Pb), and other elements (As, Be, Cr, Ni, Tl , Zn) in sheep bulk milk...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919060/estimation-of-quantitative-levels-of-diesel-exhaust-exposure-and-the-health-impact-in-the-contemporary-australian-mining-industry
#18
Susan Peters, Nicholas de Klerk, Alison Reid, Lin Fritschi, Aw Bill Musk, Roel Vermeulen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate quantitative levels of exposure to diesel exhaust expressed by elemental carbon (EC) in the contemporary mining industry and to describe the excess risk of lung cancer that may result from those levels. METHODS: EC exposure has been monitored in Western Australian miners since 2003. Mixed-effects models were used to estimate EC levels for five surface and five underground occupation groups (as a fixed effect) and specific jobs within each group (as a random effect)...
November 15, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918725/prevention-and-monitoring-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-survivors-of-adult-cancers-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#19
Saro H Armenian, Christina Lacchetti, Ana Barac, Joseph Carver, Louis S Constine, Neelima Denduluri, Susan Dent, Pamela S Douglas, Jean-Bernard Durand, Michael Ewer, Carol Fabian, Melissa Hudson, Mariell Jessup, Lee W Jones, Bonnie Ky, Erica L Mayer, Javid Moslehi, Kevin Oeffinger, Katharine Ray, Kathryn Ruddy, Daniel Lenihan
Purpose Cardiac dysfunction is a serious adverse effect of certain cancer-directed therapies that can interfere with the efficacy of treatment, decrease quality of life, or impact the actual survival of the patient with cancer. The purpose of this effort was to develop recommendations for prevention and monitoring of cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult-onset cancers. Methods Recommendations were developed by an expert panel with multidisciplinary representation using a systematic review (1996 to 2016) of meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, observational studies, and clinical experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918573/benchmarking-the-cost-per-person-of-mass-treatment-for-selected-neglected-tropical-diseases-an-approach-based-on-literature-review-and-meta-regression-with-web-based-software-application
#20
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Fiona M Fleming, Matthew Madin-Warburton, Timm Schneider, Filip Meheus, Kingsley Asiedu, Anthony W Solomon, Antonio Montresor, Gautam Biswas
BACKGROUND: Advocacy around mass treatment for the elimination of selected Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) has typically put the cost per person treated at less than US$ 0.50. Whilst useful for advocacy, the focus on a single number misrepresents the complexity of delivering "free" donated medicines to about a billion people across the world. We perform a literature review and meta-regression of the cost per person per round of mass treatment against NTDs. We develop a web-based software application (https://healthy...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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