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Obstruction tubal

Başak Çaypınar Eser, Aslı Şahin Yılmaz, Serap Şahin Önder, Sema Zer Toros, Çağatay Oysu
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effects of nasal functions for the integrity of grafts after myringoplasty. Methods: In our study 78 patients who underwent myringoplasty operation between 2011-2013 were included. Group I was defined as the group with an intact tympanic membrane following surgery. Group II was defined as the group with a tympanic membrane perforation following surgery. Group I consisted of 44 and Group II consisted of 34 patients. Subjective and objective measurements of nasal functions, Eustachian tube function (ETF), and allergic status were performed using nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) scale, visual analog scale (VAS), and the score for allergic rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaires and acoustic rhinometry and saccharin test...
December 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Alba Asensio, Laia Nebot, Lluïsa Estruga, Glòria Perez, Èlia Diez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods and health services in the Roma population (Kale/Spanish Gitanos) of two low-income neighbourhoods of Barcelona (2011-2015). METHOD: Mixed. Community setting. 1) Descriptive cross-sectional study. We interviewed with a questionnaire a sample of residents of childbearing age. We compared the knowledge and use of contraception and services by ethnic self-identification and sex with adjusted logistic regression models to obtain adjusted odds ratio (ORa) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI)...
February 22, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Jacob Farhi, Galia Oron, Sharon Orbach, David Levran, Jonathan Barkat, Sharon Tzelnick, Avi Ben-Haroush
In this retrospective cohort study of 1716 cases of women undergoing infertility treatment between the years 1999-2012, we aimed to identify whether parturients with a previous surgical history are at a higher risk for tubal abnormalities as determined by hysterosalpingography (HSG) in this infertile population. Amongst the study population, tubal obstruction was identified on HSG in 15.8% of patients with no past history of an abdominal surgery and 16.3% of patients with a previous caesarean section (CS) delivery...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Harissou Adamou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Souleymane Oumarou Garba, Oumarou Habou
BACKGROUND: Acute intestinal obstruction during pregnancy is a rare digestive surgical emergency with significant maternal and fetal mortality. Diagnosis is difficult, often delaying the management. Here, we report an exceptional association of mechanical acute intestinal obstruction due to compression by previa uterine leiomyoma, and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: This is the case report of a 43-year-old primiparous black woman from a rural area, who was admitted to the surgical emergency department for acute intestinal obstruction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Lucia Riganelli, Assunta Casorelli, Jlenia Caccetta, Lucia Merlino, Marianna Mariani, Delia Savone, Angela Carrone, Silvia Franceschetti, Cesare Aragona, Daniela Pietrangeli, Alessia Aragona, Oriana Capri, Maria G Piccioni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare 2D and 3D-sonohysterosalpingography (2D - 3D- HyFoSy) with previous diagnostic laparoscopy in the diagnosis of tubal patency, and compare each procedure in terms of procedure's time, perceived pain and complication rate. METHODS: We prospectively recruited infertile women, previously submitted to laparoscopy and randomly allocated into 2D-HyFoSy (group I) and 3D-HyFoSy (group II). We analyzed the results in term of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in tubal patency evaluation of both procedures in comparison with laparoscopy...
October 27, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
Hongbo Li, MeiMei Zhang, Ye Qiang, YunFei Ma, ShuXia Mao, Hao Zhang
4-Dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (4 D HyCoSy) using SonoVue is regarded as a really good option available for evaluating fallopian tubal patency. This study was designed to assess the pain and adverse effects incurred by women undergoing 4 D HyCoSy. Through evaluating the pelvic pain immediately after 4 D HyCoSy and 30 min after 4 D HyCoSy, the circumstances of the pain relief was also observed. The predictive factors of pain were assessed simultaneously. 827 consecutive women as part of infertility evaluation were included...
September 22, 2017: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
K Arustamyan, E Totoyan, A Karapetyan, A Gasparyan
The aim of this work was to assess the state of the fallopian tubes in women with urogenital chlamydia (UC) and infertility. 344 women 18-49 y.o with infertility have been investigated. UC was detected in 133 of them -38.7%, (main group), UC was absent in 211 (61.3%) patients (comparision group). In the main group prevailed the tubal or tubal peritoneal factor of infertility (51.9% versus 19.4% in the comparison group, p<0.001). UC in women in the main (62.4%) was in the form of mixed infection. Obstruction of the fallopian tubes and adhesions in the pelvic region were more often detected in patients of the main group (p<0...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
Abdullah A Al-Rukeimi, Ahmed Al-Haddad, AbdelAziem A Ali, Ishag Adam
A descriptive study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and the outcome of uterine rupture at Hajjah Hospital, Yemen, during September 2014-August 2016. There were 110 cases of ruptured uterus and 3457 deliveries (31.8 per 1000 delivery). The majority (82, 74.5%) of these patients were illiterate. One hundred and four (96.3%) of them had no antenatal care. Seventy-eight of these women (70.9%) delivered at home and 32 (29.1%) delivered at hospital. Out of these 110 cases, 74 (67.3%) and 36 (32.7%) had unscarred uterus and scarred uterus, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Xueqing Cheng, Zhenqi Zhang, Guo Xuanyan, Tingting Li, Juan Li, Longlin Yin, Man Lu
Adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a painful and disabling disorder, which caused restricted motion and chronic pain of shoulder. Intracavitary contrast-enhanced ultrasound has been recently applied to assess obstructive bile duct diseases, tubal patency, vesicoureteric reflux and so on. The aim of this study was to detect the value of US-arthrography by injecting the contrast agent SonoVue into glenohumeral joint compared with US in diagnosing AC. Utrasound (US) and US-arthrography images of 45 patients with AC were compared with that of 45 control subjects without AC with MRI as a gold standard...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Weiqun Wang, Qiulan Zhou, Yafei Gong, Ying Li, Yinying Huang, Zhiyi Chen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of 4-dimensional (4D) hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) for assessing fallopian tube fimbria patency in infertile women. METHODS: Seventy-seven infertile female patients with obstruction at the tubal fimbria or partial obstruction with pelvic adhesions were included. All of the patients underwent 4D HyCoSy enhanced by dynamic observation after a flush of normal saline and were followed with laparoscopic chromopertubation using methylene blue within 6 months...
October 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Chin-Lung Kuo, Yu-Chun Yen, Wei-Pin Chang, An-Suey Shiao
Importance: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can cause an obstruction of the tubal orifice and thereby compromise ventilation of the middle ear. The resulting negative pressure in the middle ear may, in turn, lead to the formation of an eardrum retraction pocket and subsequent acquired cholesteatoma. This study hypothesizes that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma. Objective: To evaluate the risk of cholesteatoma in patients with CRS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used a nationwide, population-based claims database to test the hypothesis that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
A Cisternas, F Aguilar, J M Montserrat, M Àvila, M Torres, A Iranzo, J Berenguer, I Vilaseca
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nasal cavities of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and with or without allergic rhinitis (AR/nonAR). METHODS: This paper is a prospective, longitudinal study. Thirty-four consecutive CPAP treatment-adherent patients with OSA (17 AR and 17 nonAR) were evaluated before and 2 months after treatment, by means of clinical (otorhinolaryngological symptoms, daytime sleepiness, overall and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life), anatomical (otorhinolaryngological examination), functional (auditory function, tubal function, nasal airflow, and mucociliary clearance), and biological variables (nasal cytology)...
December 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
L Di Rienzo Businco, A Di Mario, M Tombolini, A Mattei, M Lauriello
OBJECTIVE: A new combined approach to Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) employing new minimally invasive devices is described. STUDY DESIGN: An anatomoclinical classification of ETD was conceived to allow correct categorization of patients and enable comparative studies to be performed. Herein, the authors report on their experience with a consecutive series of obstructive ETD patients treated by balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube using AERA (Acclarent, Menlo Park, CA, USA), combined with a quantic molecular resonance (QMR)-mediated rhinopharyngeal tubal ostial mucosa shrinkage technique with a dedicated "Mitto" hand piece (Telea, Sandrigo-Vicenza, Italy)...
October 2017: HNO
P M De Silva, J J Chu, I D Gallos, A T Vidyasagar, L Robinson, A Coomarasamy
Study question: What is the chance of clinical pregnancy when fallopian tube catheterization is used for proximal tubal obstruction? Summary answer: The pooled clinical pregnancy rate of tubal catheterization after proximal tubal obstruction is 27% (95% CI 25-30%). What is known already: Restoring fallopian tube patency by performing tubal catheterization has fallen out of favour since the increased availability of IVF. Our study is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate reproductive outcomes following tubal catheterization for proximal tubal obstruction...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
Behzad Maghsoodi, Golnar Sabetian, Aram Azimi, Nader Tanideh, Alireza Mehdizade
Endotracheal tube (ETT) obstruction, either complete or partial, is a serious life threatening complication in intubated patients. Therefore, implementing a practical method to diagnose this condition is vital. Alteration in respiratory sound signals caused by ETT occlusion can be used for early detection of obstruction. This study is aimed to assess changes in respiratory sound signals after creation of different types of tubal obstruction in an animal model experiment. Artificial internal obstructions were created in three different sizes and three different locations by stitching pieces of smaller tubes in ETTs with internal diameter of 8 mm...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Rodica Birla, Elena-Roxana Catanescu, Andrei Caragui, Silviu Constantinoiu
Carcinosarcoma is a rare form of ovarian cancer with mixed origin, and its association with mature teratoma is extremely rare. We present the case of patient T. M. aged 67, admitted into our clinic on the 15/05/2016, F.O. 4877 for the increase of the abdominal volume. On admission, the patient was afebrile, conscious, cooperative, cardio-respiratory balanced, having the abdomen distended in volume, sharp dullness in the flanks, positive wave sign bioumoral within normal limits except: uric acid = 6.64 mg / dL, serum glucose = 113...
2016: Chirurgia
Abigail Wheal, Robert Jenkins, Yoshiki Mikami, Nagindra Das, Lynn Hirschowitz
Primary mucinous carcinoma of the fallopian tube is extremely rare. We report the detailed characterization of a mucinous carcinoma arising in the fimbrial end of the fallopian tube in a 74-yr-old woman. The patient presented with recurrent urinary tract infection and urinary tract obstruction secondary to a large right ovarian mass. She had an appendicectomy as an 11 yr old. Serum CA-125 was raised at 239 U/mL. Computed tomographic scans showed bilateral, cystic ovarian tumors but no other intra-abdominal abnormality...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Margarita V Revzin, Mahan Mathur, Haatal B Dave, Matthew L Macer, Michael Spektor
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common medical problem, with almost 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Historically, PID has been a clinical diagnosis supplemented with the findings from ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the diagnosis of PID can be challenging because the clinical manifestations may mimic those of other pelvic and abdominal processes. Given the nonspecific clinical manifestations, computed tomography (CT) is commonly the first imaging examination performed...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Huili Zhu, Jing Fu, Haike Lei, Yong Song, Licong Shen, Wei Huang
The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effectiveness of transvaginal sonography (TVS) in the detection of endometrial polyps (EPs), and to assess the pregnancy outcome in infertile women following hysteroscopic polypectomy. A total of 145 women diagnosed with primary or secondary infertility and intrauterine disorders by TVS and hysterosalpingography (HSG) were included in the current study. All subjects were divided into three groups based on hysteroscopic findings, including the EP, intrauterine adhesion and normal groups...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Ov D Slayden, Dong Ock Lee, Shan Yao, Jeffrey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine administration of polidocanol foam (PF) can create fallopian tube occlusion in nonhuman primates. The objective of this study was to determine if PF-induced tubal obstructions contain collagen in the extracellular matrix. STUDY DESIGN: We compared tissue samples of the intramural fallopian tube obtained from previous studies evaluating the effects of intrauterine infusion of 5% PF 2-12 weeks after treatment. Serial sections of the intramural portion of the fallopian tube obtained from representative treated (rhesus macaques, n=7; baboon, n=11) and untreated control (macaque, n=3; baboon, n=5) animals were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to identify tubal occlusion and by immunohistochemistry for collagens Col-I, Col-III and Col-IV...
November 2016: Contraception
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