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Nurmi Pangesti, Simon Vandenbrande, Ana Pineda, Marcel Dicke, Jos M Raaijmakers, Joop J A Van Loon
Plant growth-promoting microbes residing on the roots may cooperate or compete, thereby affecting their collective benefit to the host plant. Pseudomonas simiae WCS417r (formerly known as P. fluorescens WCS417r) and Pseudomonas fluorescens SS101 are well known for their ability to induce systemic resistance in Arabidopsis. Here, we evaluate how these species interact on the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0 and how their co-inoculation affects plant defense to the leaf-chewing herbivore Mamestra brassicae and plant growth promotion...
April 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Sébastien Delpeut, Bevan Sawatsky, Xiao-Xiang Wong, Marie Frenzke, Roberto Cattaneo, Veronika von Messling
In addition to humans, only certain non-human primates are naturally susceptible to measles virus (MeV) infection. Disease severity is species-dependent, ranging from mild to moderate for macaques to severe and even lethal for certain New World monkey species. To investigate if squirrel monkeys (Simia sciureus), which are reported to develop a course of disease similar to humans, may be better suited than macaques for the identification of virulence determinants or the evaluation of therapeutics, we infected them with a green fluorescent protein-expressing MeV...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
Barbara A Brown-Elliott, Richard J Wallace
Tedizolid is a new oxazolidinone with improved in vitro and intracellular potency against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including multidrug resistant strains, and some species of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) compared with linezolid.Using the current Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommended method of broth microdilution, susceptibility testing of 170 isolates of rapidly growing mycobacteria showed equivalent or lower (1- to 8-fold MIC50 and/or MIC90 values) for tedizolid compared to linezolid...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Isaac Darko Otchere, Adwoa Asante-Poku, Stephen Osei-Wusu, Samuel Yaw Aboagye, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) species are assuming public health importance in pulmonary diseases; they are increasingly being isolated, and importantly, most NTMs do not respond to routine tuberculosis (TB) drugs. This study aimed to identify NTMs isolated from pulmonary TB cases and also determine their susceptibility to streptomycin (STR), isoniazid (INH), and rifampicin (RIF). METHODS: A total of 1755 mycobacterial isolates, obtained between August 2012 and July 2014, from 2036 smear-positive pulmonary cases were identified using polymerase chain reaction amplification of IS6110, and hsp65 gene sequencing analysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Mahsa Dastranj, Abbas Farahani, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Sara Atashi, Parviz Mohajeri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Infections by Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) has rapidly increased in recent years, due to high infection rates related to the populations at risk like immunocompromised individuals, patients predisposed by prior pulmonary. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of NTM in clinical samples and genetic diversity using 16S rRNA and rpoB sequence analysis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 45 diverse isolates collected from sputum in two years 2014-2015 using standard decontamination procedure...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Nomakorinte Gcebe, Tiny M Hlokwe
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are not only emerging and opportunistic pathogens of both humans and animals, but from a veterinary point of view some species induce cross-reactive immune responses that hamper the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in both livestock and wildlife. Little information is available about NTM species circulating in wildlife species of South Africa. In this study, we determined the diversity of NTM isolated from wildlife species from South Africa as well as Botswana. Thirty known NTM species and subspecies, as well as unidentified NTM, and NTM closely related to Mycobacterium goodii/Mycobacterium smegmatis were identified from 102 isolates cultured between the years 1998 and 2010, using a combination of molecular assays viz PCR and sequencing of different Mycobacterial house-keeping genes as well as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Ayeh Baghizadeh, Payam Mehrian, Poopak Farnia
Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary infections can be quite similar to tuberculosis, both clinically and radiologically. However, the treatment protocol is not similar. Mycobacterium simiae is a rare cause of NTM pulmonary infection. Herein, we aimed to evaluate and compare the computed tomography (CT) scan findings of M. simiae infection in lungs. For this reason, thirty-four patients (n = 34) with M. simiae lung infection were retrospectively evaluated. Diagnosis was confirmed by American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines and CT scans were reviewed in both lung and mediastinal windows...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Shatha T Ahmed, Ahmed A Alsudani, Ruqaya M Ali, Batool A Shihab, Sana A Hussein
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM), defined as any mycobacterial strain other than Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, are a diverse group of pathogens that cause a substantive, but often unappreciated worldwide burden of illness. NTM cause illness similar to M. tuberculosis, but generally do not respond to classic tuberculosis (TB) drug regimens. Here, we evaluated GenoType Mycobacterium CM/AS (Hain Lifesciences) for rapid identification of NTM and compared its results with those of other biochemical tests...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Parissa Farnia, Donya Malekshahian, Payam Tabarsi, Shima Seif, Ali Akbar Velayati
OBJECTIVE BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium simiae has been identified as the most prevalent slow growing mycobacteria that has been isolated among Iranian patients. Due to an importance of molecular approaches in the treatment of nontuberculosis mycobacteria, this study aimed to evaluate molecular drug susceptibility testing against the first-line (rifampin and isoniazid) and second-line (ciprofloxacin-amikacin and kanamycin) treatment in different subtypes of M. simiae. METHODS: The study involved all patients presenting to our referral tuberculosis center from March 2014 to August 2016, with confirmation of M...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
James T Tambong, Renin Xu, Eden Bromfield
The bacterial strain 2-92T isolated from a field plot under long-term (>40 years) mineral fertilization exhibited in vitro antagonistic properties against fungal pathogens. A polyphasic approach was undertaken to verify its taxonomic status. Strain 2-92T is gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile by one or more flagella, and oxidase-, catalase- and urease-positive. Optimal growth temperature of strain 2-92T is 30 °C. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the strain is related to species of the genus Pseudomonas...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Kentaro Nagaoka, Katsunori Yanagihara, Yosuke Harada, Koichi Yamada, Yohei Migiyama, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Koichi Izumikawa, Shigeru Kohno
The presence of common periodontopathic bacteria, the Fusobacterium nucleatum-periodonticum-simiae group, Prevotella intermedia, and Porphyromonas gingivalis was determined from respiratory tract specimens of bacterial pneumonia by real-time PCR using universal and species-specific TaqMan probe/primer sets. 42 patients with infectious pneumonia and 45 patients without infectious pneumonia were retrospectively enrolled in clinical studies. Periodontopathic bacterial DNA was found in 57.1% cases of infectious pneumonia and 31...
February 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Nurmi Pangesti, Michael Reichelt, Judith E van de Mortel, Eleni Kapsomenou, Jonathan Gershenzon, Joop J A van Loon, Marcel Dicke, Ana Pineda
Beneficial soil microbes can promote plant growth and induce systemic resistance (ISR) in aboveground tissues against pathogens and herbivorous insects. Despite the increasing interest in microbial-ISR against herbivores, the underlying molecular and chemical mechanisms of this phenomenon remain elusive. Using Arabidopsis thaliana and the rhizobacterium Pseudomonas simiae WCS417r (formerly known as P. fluorescens WCS417r), we here evaluate the role of the JA-regulated MYC2-branch and the JA/ET-regulated ORA59-branch in modulating rhizobacteria-ISR to Mamestra brassicae by combining gene transcriptional, phytochemical, and herbivore performance assays...
December 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Teiji Sawa, Saeko Hamaoka, Mao Kinoshita, Atsushi Kainuma, Yoshifumi Naito, Koichi Akiyama, Hideya Kato
Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoU, a type III secretory toxin and major virulence factor with patatin-like phospholipase activity, is responsible for acute lung injury and sepsis in immunocompromised patients. Through use of a recently updated bacterial genome database, protein sequences predicted to be homologous to Ps. aeruginosa ExoU were identified in 17 other Pseudomonas species (Ps. fluorescens, Ps. lundensis, Ps. weihenstephanensis, Ps. marginalis, Ps. rhodesiae, Ps. synxantha, Ps. libanensis, Ps. extremaustralis, Ps...
October 26, 2016: Toxins
Necmettin Güler
In this study, the seed micromorphologies of eight taxa of Anacamptis, Neotinea and Orchis growing around Edirne province (Turkey) were investigated using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Slides prepared with glycerin jelly were used for measurements under the light microscope and fine details of seed testae characteristics were observed with SEM. Seeds of the investigated orchid taxa are fusiform shaped and of different shades of brown. Their lengths and widths are different among the taxa and range between 0...
2016: PhytoKeys
Davood Azadi, Hasan Shojaei, Mahnaz Pourchangiz, Ramin Dibaj, Masoumeh Davarpanah, Abass Daei Naser
BACKGROUND: Hospital environment is of crucial importance in cross-transmission of opportunistic pathogens to the patients. Nontuberculous mycobacteria have the remarkable capability to withstand the adverse condition of hospital environments and pose a potential threat to the health of patients. The current study aimed to assess the frequency and diversity of mycobacteria in hospital water of a developing country using a combination of conventional and molecular methods. METHODS: A total of 148 hospital water samples collected from 38 hospitals were analyzed for the presence of mycobacteria using standard protocols for isolation and characterization of the isolates...
November 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Andrei N Shkoporov, Boris A Efimov, Ivanela Kondova, Boudewijn Ouwerling, Andrei V Chaplin, Victoria A Shcherbakova, Jan A M Langermans
A study of the faecal microbiome in three healthy female rhesus macaques revealed the presence of a novel obligately anaerobic, chemoorganoheterotrophic, non-sporing, coccoid, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive bacterial species. Three strains of this species, designated as M108T, M916-1/1, and M919-2/1, were non-haemolytic, H2S-positive, catalase-positive, bile- and NaCl-sensitive and required peptone for growth. Strains also were asaccharolytic, able to utilize sulfite, thiosulfate and elemental sulfur as electron acceptors, and produced acetic and butyric acids as metabolic end-products...
December 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Akhilandeswarre Dharmaprakash, Dinesh Reghunathan, Krishnakutty C Sivakumar, Manoj Prasannakumar, Sabu Thomas
We report for the first time the draft genome sequence of two psychrotrophic Pseudomonas species, Pseudomonas simiae RGCB 73 and Pseudomonas brenneri RGCB 108, from the Arctic that produce more than one acyl homoserine lactone molecule of varied N-acyl length. The study confirms the presence of a LuxR-LuxI (type) mediated quorum-sensing system in both the Pseudomonas species and enables us to understand the role of quorum sensing in their survival in extremely cold environments.
2016: Genome Announcements
Anukool Vaishnav, Sarita Kumari, Shekhar Jain, Ajit Varma, Narendra Tuteja, Devendra Kumar Choudhary
Increasing evidence shows that nitric oxide (NO), a typical signaling molecule plays important role in development of plant and in bacteria-plant interaction. In the present study, we tested the effect of sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-a nitric oxide donor, on bacterial metabolism and its role in establishment of PGPR-plant interaction under salinity condition. In the present study, we adopted methods namely, biofilm formation assay, GC-MS analysis of bacterial volatiles, chemotaxis assay of root exudates (REs), measurement of electrolyte leakage and lipid peroxidation, and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for gene expression...
November 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Steven Odongo, Vincent Delespaux, Maina Ngotho, Serkalem Mindaye Bekkele, Stefan Magez
We compared the nested internal transcribed spacer (ITS) PCR and the 18S PCR-RFLP (restriction-fragment length polymorphism) pan-trypanosome assays in a cross-sectional survey of bovine trypanosomiasis in 358 cattle in Kwale County, Kenya. The prevalence of trypanosomiasis as determined by the nested ITS PCR was 19.6% (70/358) and by 18S PCR-RFLP was 16.8% (60/358). Of the pathogenic trypanosomes detected, the prevalence of Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax was greater than that of Trypanosoma simiae The nested ITS PCR detected 83 parasite events, whereas the 18S PCR-RFLP detected 64; however, overall frequencies of infections and the parasite events detected did not differ between the assays (χ(2) = 0...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
M Isolina Campos-Herrero, Francisco Javier Chamizo, José Antonio Caminero, Raúl Gilarranz, Gonzalo Cabrera, José Cuyás
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) colonization and disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the CF patients followed-up from 2002 to 2012 with three acid-fast bacilli (AFB) cultures were included. The American Thoracic Society (ATS) criteria for NTM lung disease were applied. RESULTS: Forty-four of the 53 patients being followed-up were included. The mean time of follow-up was 7...
August 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
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