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Diverticulitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643718/left-sided-cecal-diverticulitis-associated-with-midgut-malrotation
#1
Jia-Hui Chen
Malrotation of the midgut is generally considered as a pediatric pathology with the majority of patients presenting in childhood. The diagnosis is rare in adults, which sometimes leads to delay in diagnosis and treatment. An index of suspicion is therefore required when dealing with patients of any age group with abdominal symptoms. We present a case of a 26-year-old male who presented with left lower abdominal pain with preoperative computed tomography showing suspected left-sided appendicitis associated with midgut malrotation...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630003/use-of-primary-anastomosis-with-diverting-ileostomy-in-patients-with-acute-diverticulitis-requiring-urgent-operative-intervention
#2
Christy E Cauley, Ruchin Patel, Liliana Bordeianou
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that urgent colectomy and primary anastomosis with diversion is safe for perforated diverticulitis. Current guidelines support this approach. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of urgent or emergent primary anastomosis with diversion in diverticulitis before the 2014 American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons guidelines and compare national outcomes of primary anastomosis with diversion to the Hartmann procedure...
May 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629799/acute-jejunoileal-diverticulitis-multicenter-descriptive-study-of-33-patients
#3
Paul Lebert, Ingrid Millet, Olivier Ernst, Isabelle Boulay-Coletta, Lucie Corno, Patrice Taourel, Marc Zins
OBJECTIVE: Acute jejunoileal diverticulitis is a very rare and potentially serious disease affecting mostly elderly patients. The diagnosis is based on imaging but remains underrecognized. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and CT features and the outcomes of patients with acute jejunoileal diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of acute jejunoileal diverticulitis managed at three French hospitals November 2005 through January 2015 were identified retrospectively...
April 9, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623187/moxifloxacin-induced-tinnitus-in-an-older-adult
#4
Amber Onoh, Sunny A Linnebur, Danielle R Fixen
An increased risk of bacterial resistance toward fluoroquinolones and the increased risk of disabling and serious adverse effects prompted the US Food and Drug Administration to recommend limiting fluoroquinolone use to the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, skin and skin-structure infections, bacterial sinusitis, plague, chronic bronchitis exacerbations, and complicated intra-abdominal infections. We report a case of moxifloxacin-induced tinnitus in an older adult prescribed oral moxifloxacin 400 mg for 5 days for the treatment of acute diverticulitis, due to allergies to nonfluoroquinolone preferred agents...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623099/treatment-of-diverticular-disease-an-update-on-latest-evidence-and-clinical-implications
#5
REVIEW
Marilia Carabotti, Bruno Annibale
Background: Diverticular disease (DD) is a common condition, especially in Western countries. In about 80% of patients, colonic diverticula remain asymptomatic (diverticulosis), while approximately 20% of patients may develop abdominal symptoms (symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease, SUDD) and, eventually complications as acute diverticulitis (AD). The management of this condition has been improved, and in the last five years European countries and the USA have published guidelines and recommendations...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614301/association-between-obesity-and-weight-change-and-risk-of-diverticulitis-in-women
#6
Wenjie Ma, Manol Jovani, Po-Hong Liu, Long H Nguyen, Yin Cao, Idy Tam, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Lisa L Strate, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little evidence that adiposity associates with diverticulitis-especially among women. We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of obesity, weight change, and incidence of diverticulitis in a large cohort of women. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 46,079 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study, 61-89 years old and free of diverticulitis, diverticular bleeding, cancers, or inflammatory bowel disease at baseline (in 2008)...
March 31, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608422/a-systematic-review-of-pericolic-extraluminal-air-in-left-sided-acute-colonic-diverticulitis
#7
Stefan T van Dijk, Sabrina A N Doelare, Anna A W van Geloven, Marja A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: Although approximately 15% of all patients with acute colonic diverticulitis have pericolic extraluminal air found on computed tomography (CT), studies on the natural course and treatment of these patients are scarce. It is not clear whether these patients behave as mild uncomplicated diverticulitis or as severe diverticulitis needing more aggressive treatment. Consequently, there is no consensus about the treatment, guidelines do not discuss this group of patients, and physicians treat these patients based on their own experiences and opinion...
April 2, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606540/diverticulitis-with-a-giant-colonic-diverticulum
#8
S Sánchez-García, D Rubio-Solís, B Argüelles-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600833/sigmoid-diverticulitis-in-elderly-patients-a-rare-cause-of-right-iliac-fossa-pain
#9
Veronica Grassi, Renata Tabola, Emanuela Basile, Angelo DE Sol, Andrea Polistena, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Nicola Avenia, Georgi Popivanov, Maria F Burattini, Roberto Cirocchi, Pietro Ursi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596124/diverticular-disease-traditional-and-evolving-paradigms
#10
Lenore Lamanna, Patricia E Moran
Diverticular disease includes diverticulosis, which are sac protrusions of the intestinal mucosa, and diverticulitis, inflammation of the diverticula. Diverticular disease is listed as one of the top 10 leading physician diagnoses for gastrointestinal disorders in outpatient clinic visits in the United States. There are several classifications of diverticular disease ranging from asymptomatic diverticulosis to diverticulitis with complications. Several theories are linked to the development of diverticula which includes the physiology of the colon itself, collagen cross-linking, and recently challenged, low-fiber intake...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595689/single-port-surgery-sps-strategy-for-small-bowel-obstruction-sbo-caused-by-postoperative-internal-hernia-a-series-case-report
#11
Kohei Taniguchi, Ryo Iida, Koshi Ota, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
RATIONALE: Internal hernia due to postoperative adhesions sometimes causes small bowel obstruction (SBO) and requires emergency surgery. The difficulties in the management of SBO with internal hernia include accurate diagnosis and estimation of its ischemic degree and of the risk of SBO recurrences following the surgical procedure. Laparoscopic surgery is a noninvasive to reduce postoperative adhesions and therefore has been widely used recently. However, surgeons often tend to hesitate in applying laparoscopic surgery for SBO because of some situational disadvantages such as poor operating space or iatrogenic bowel injury...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563038/clinical-manifestations-pathophysiology-treatment-and-outcome-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-older-people
#12
REVIEW
Matthias Butter, Stefan Weiler, Luc Biedermann, Michael Scharl, Gerhard Rogler, Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari, Benjamin Misselwitz
Approximately 10-20% of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cases are diagnosed after 60 years of age. Due to the high prevalence of conditions mimicking IBD at older age - including bowel disease associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diverticulitis, and microscopic colitis - differential diagnosis of IBD among older adults is frequently delayed. Late-onset IBD is characterized by a predominance of colonic disease and an overall milder disease course; disease progression and new intestinal manifestations are rare...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555112/physicians-understanding-of-ct-probabilities-in-ed-patients-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#13
William F Paolo, Rhonaldo Silaban, Long Nguyen, Susan Wojcik, William Grant
OBJECTIVE: Computerized tomography (CT) is often employed to diagnose or rule out certain suspected abdominal pathologies. The aim of this study is to compare emergency physicians' estimated post-test disease probabilities to the probabilities obtained for similar diagnostic tests as reported in the literature. METHODS: Physicians were asked to estimate pre and posttest probabilities before and after CT scan results in patients with nontraumatic abdominal and pelvic pain...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554857/aortic-graft-infection-secondary-to-iatrogenic-transcolonic-graft-malposition
#14
Jacqueline J Blank, Abby E Rothstein, Cheong Jun Lee, Michael J Malinowski, Brian D Lewis, Timothy J Ridolfi, Mary F Otterson
Aortic graft infections are a rare but devastating complication of aortic revascularization. Often infections occur due to contamination at the time of surgery. Iatrogenic misplacement of the limbs of an aortobifemoral graft is exceedingly rare, and principles of evaluation and treatment are not well defined. We report 2 cases of aortobifemoral bypass graft malposition through the colon. CASE REPORT: Case 1 is a 54-year-old male who underwent aortobifemoral bypass grafting for acute limb ischemia...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545957/refractory-abdominal-pain-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-be-wary-of-acquired-angioedema-due-to-c1-esterase-inhibitor-deficiency
#15
Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Ryan S D'Souza, Joshua Mundorff, Pragya Shrestha, Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Anthony Donato
Acquired angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency (C1INH-AAE) is a rare and potentially fatal syndrome of bradykinin-mediated angioedema characterized by episodes of angioedema without urticaria. It typically manifests with nonpitting edema of the skin and edema in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract mucosa or upper airway. Edema of the upper airway and tongue may lead to life-threatening asphyxiation. C1INH-AAE is typically under-diagnosed because of its rarity and its propensity to mimic more common abdominal conditions and allergic reactions...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543100/outpatient-management-of-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-results-in-health-care-cost-savings
#16
Daniel Isacson, Karl Andreasson, Maziar Nikberg, Kenneth Smedh, Abbas Chabok
PURPOSE: Outpatient management without antibiotics has been shown to be safe for selected patients diagnosed with acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on admissions, complication rates and health-care costs of the policy of outpatient treatment without using antibiotics. METHODS: The medical records of all patients diagnosed with AUD in the year before (2011) and after (2014) the implementation of outpatient management without antibiotics in Västmanland County were reviewed...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541825/model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-underestimates-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-with-ascites-undergoing-colectomy
#17
Matthew M Fleming, Fangfang Liu, Yawei Zhang, Kevin Y Pei
BACKGROUND: The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and ascites correlate with surgical morbidity and mortality. However, the MELD score does not account for ascites. We sought to evaluate whether the MELD score accurately risk stratifies patients with ascites. METHODS: We analyzed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2014) to examine the risk-adjusted morbidity and mortality of cirrhotic patients with and without ascites undergoing colectomy for diverticulitis...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541823/perforated-diverticulitis-with-generalized-peritonitis-low-stoma-rate-using-a-damage-control-strategy
#18
Maximilian Sohn, I Iesalnieks, A Agha, P Steiner, A Hochrein, J Pratschke, P Ritschl, F Aigner
PURPOSE: Optimal surgical management of perforated diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon has yet to be clearly defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy of a "Damage Control Strategy" (DCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with perforated diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon complicated by generalized peritonitis (Hinchey III and IV) surgically treated according to a damage control strategy between May 2011 and February 2017 were enrolled in the present multicenter retrospective cohort study...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536239/elective-vs-early-elective-surgery-in-diverticular-disease-a-retrospective-study-on-the-optimal-timing-of-non-emergency-treatment
#19
Felix Benjamin Warwas, Berthold Schneider
PURPOSE: This study set out to compare the in-hospital outcomes of early elective and elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy due to diverticulitis. METHODS: We examined the data for 378 diverticulitis patients who received an elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection between 2008 and 2012. We divided the patients into two groups: elective (group A, n = 278) and early elective (group B, n = 100). Patients in group A received surgery during the inflammation-free interval, and those in group B immediately after treating the attack with IV antibiotics for a mean period of 8 days (IQR = 3)...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536238/damage-control-surgery-in-perforated-diverticulitis-ongoing-peritonitis-at-second-surgery-predicts-a-worse-outcome
#20
M A Sohn, A Agha, P Steiner, A Hochrein, M Komm, R Ruppert, P Ritschl, F Aigner, I Iesalnieks
PURPOSE: Damage control strategy (DCS) is a two-staged procedure for the treatment of perforated diverticular disease complicated by generalized peritonitis. The aim of this retrospective multicenter cohort study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of an ongoing peritonitis at the time of second surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent DCS for perforated diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon with generalized peritonitis at four surgical centers were included...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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