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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332650/amplification-of-hsp-65-gene-and-usage-of-restriction-endonuclease-for-identification-of-non-tuberculous-rapid-grower-mycobacterium
#1
Ajoy Kumar Verma, Rohit Sarin, Vijay Kumar Arora, Gavish Kumar, Jyoti Arora, Paras Singh, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
BACKGROUND: The rapid grower mycobacteria have emerged as significant group of human pathogen amongst the Runyon group IV organisms that are capable of causing infection in both the healthy and immunocompromised hosts. Study aimed to identification of species amongst rapid grower non tuberculous mycobacterial isolates by polymerase chain reaction - restriction enzyme analysis (PRA). Analysis and comparison of results with standard biochemical tests. METHODS: Rapid grower non tuberculous mycobacteria had been collected from liquid culture section during the study period...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310592/characterization-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacterium-from-humans-and-water-in-an-agropastoral-area-in-zambia
#2
Ngula Monde, Musso Munyeme, Adrian Muwonge, John Bwalya Muma, Sydney Malama
BACKGROUND: The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zambia, Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria are gaining recognition as pathogens of public health significance. However, there is scanty information on the isolation and speciation of these organisms for better patient management, consequently reducing the burden of these infections...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286459/environmental-screening-of-aeromonas-hydrophila-mycobacterium-spp-and-pseudocapillaria-tomentosa-in-zebrafish-systems
#3
Jean-Philippe Mocho, Darren J Martin, Mollie E Millington, Yolanda Saavedra Torres
Health monitoring systems are developed and used in zebrafish research facilities because pathogens of Danio rerio such as Aeromonas hydrophila, Mycobacterium spp., and Pseudocapillaria tomentosa have the potential to impair animal welfare and research. The fish are typically analyzed post mortem to detect microbes. The use of sentinels is a suggested way to improve the sensitivity of the surveillance and to reduce the number of animals to sample. The setting of a pre-filtration sentinel tank out of a recirculating system is described...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274237/lipase-catalyzed-kinetic-resolution-of-novel-antitubercular-benzoxazole-derivatives
#4
Edyta Łukowska-Chojnacka, Anna Kowalkowska, Agnieszka Napiórkowska
Novel benzoxazole derivatives were synthesized, and their antitubercular activity against sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains (M. tuberculosis H37 Rv, M. tuberculosis sp. 210, M. tuberculosis sp. 192, Mycobacterium scrofulaceum, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium kansasii) was evaluated. The chemical step included preparation of ketones, alcohols, and esters bearing benzoxazole moiety. All racemic mixtures of alcohols and esters were separated in Novozyme SP 435-catalyzed transesterification and hydrolysis, respectively...
December 23, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207758/mycobacterium-fortuitum-infection-at-umbilical-hernioplasty-site
#5
Bharti Chogtu, Daliparty Vasudev Malik, Rahul Magazine, Vishnu Prasad Shenoy
Non Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) are a group of rapidly growing mycobacteria and are generally considered to be of low virulence. Of late, there has been an increase in incidence of infections due to these organisms. Among them, Mycobacterium fortuitum, M. chelonae and M. abscessus are the common species which have been identified. Though they are occasionally implicated in pulmonary infections, NTM are very commonly associated with cutaneous infections, especially surgical site infections. Identification of NTM infection at such sites should be suspected when there is delayed healing of the wound...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197331/genotyping-and-drug-susceptibility-testing-of-mycobacterial-isolates-from-population-based-tuberculosis-prevalence-survey-in-ghana
#6
Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi, Frank Adae Bonsu
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very critical for infection control and drug therapy. This study aims to use World Health Organization (WHO) approved line probe assay (LPA) to differentiate mycobacterial isolates obtained from tuberculosis (TB) prevalence survey in Ghana and to determine their drug resistance patterns. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted whereby a total of 361 mycobacterial isolates were differentiated and their drug resistance patterns determined using GenoType Mycobacterium Assays: MTBC and CM/AS for differentiating MTBC and NTM as well MTBDRplus and NTM-DR for DST of MTBC and NTM respectively...
December 2, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188063/high-rates-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-isolation-from-patients-with-presumptive-tuberculosis-in-iran
#7
M J Nasiri, H Dabiri, A A I Fooladi, S Amini, G Hamzehloo, M M Feizabadi
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) can cause disease which can be indistinguishable from tuberculosis (TB), posing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. We aimed to investigate the mycobacterial agents associated with presumptive clinical pulmonary TB in Iran. A total of 410 mycobacterial isolates, obtained between March 2014 and January 2016, from 7600 clinical samples taken from consecutive cases of presumptive diagnosis of TB were identified. Phenotypic and molecular tests were used to identify the isolated organisms to the species level...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177396/-co-infection-by-mycobacterium-fortuitum-and-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-splenic-abscesses-in-a-patient-with-hiv
#8
Leslie Soto-Arquíñigo, Manuel García-Pareja, Eduardo Gotuzzo-Herencia, Pedro Legua-Leiva, Manuel Sánchez-Herrera
Patients with HIV are susceptible to mycobacterium infection. In the case of fast-growing mycobacteria, the group to which Mycobacterium fortuitum (M. fortuitum) belongs, infections have been described in the skin, lungs, lymph nodes and disseminated disease. We present the case of a 43-year-old male patient with pre-diagnosis of HIV in antiretroviral therapy, which comes as a fever, asthenia, weight loss and chronic diarrhea. Abdominal tomography is performed and hepatosplenomegaly is evidenced with nodular lesions in the spleen...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171453/antibiotic-resistance-in-mycobacterium-abscessus-and-mycobacterium-fortuitum-isolates-from-malaysian-patients
#9
Sharmilla Devi Jayasingam, Thaw Zin, Yun Fong Ngeow
BACKGROUND: Rapidly growing mycobacterial species (RGM) are increasingly being recognized as the cause of various superficial and deep infections in humans. Two of the species most frequently isolated from clinical specimens are Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium fortuitum. Both species are associated with antibiotic resistances that may complicate therapy. This paper describes the pattern of resistance to five antibiotics commonly prescribed for RGM infections, in M. abscessus and M...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168906/recurrent-mycobacterium-fortuitum-insulin-injection-site-abscesses
#10
Velda Xy Han, Kah-Yin Loke, Si-Min Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122674/antibiofilm-activity-of-nanoemulsions-of-cymbopogon-flexuosus-against-rapidly-growing-mycobacteria
#11
Grazielle Guidolin Rossi, Kevim Bordignon Guterres, Pauline Cordenonsi Bonez, Samanta da Silva Gundel, Vanessa Albertina Aggertt, Fallon Santos Siqueira, Aline Ferreira Ourique, Roger Wagnerd, Bruna Klein, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos, Marli Matiko Anraku de Campos
Rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) are opportunistic microorganisms that can cause both local and disseminated infections. When in biofilm, these pathogens become highly resistant to antimicrobials used in clinical practice. Composed abundantly of polymeric substances, biofilms delay the diffusion of antimicrobials, preventing the drug from penetrating the deeper layers and having an effective action. Therefore, the search for new and alternative therapeutic options has become of fundamental importance. Natural products fall into these options, especially essential oils...
November 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109708/differential-identification-of-mycobacterial-species-using-high-resolution-melting-analysis
#12
Azar D Khosravi, Mohammad Hashemzadeh, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Ali Teimoori
Infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is increasing wordwide. Due to the difference in treatment of NTM infections and tuberculosis, rapid species identification of mycobacterial clinical isolates is necessary for the effective management of mycobacterial diseases treatment and their control strategy. In this study, a cost-effective technique, real-time PCR coupled with high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis, was developed for the differentiation of Mycobacterial species using a novel rpoBC sequence...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062247/frequency-of-mycobacterium-bovis-and-mycobacteria-in-primary-immunodeficiencies
#13
Ezgi Ulusoy, Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Güzide Aksu, Cengiz Çavuşoğlu, Necil Kütükçüler
AIM: Susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases is observed in some primary immunodeficiency diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate mycobacterial infections in primary immunodeficiency diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients under follow-up by Ege University Pediatric Immunology Department for severe combined and combined immunodeficiencies, interleukin 12/ interferon gamma receptor deficiency, nuclear factor kappa-beta essential modulator deficiency and chronic granulomatosis disease were evaluated retrospectively in terms of the frequency and characteristics of mycobacterial infections using a questionnaire form for demographic properties, clinical features and laboratory tests...
September 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061744/molecular-mechanisms-of-intrinsic-streptomycin-resistance-in-mycobacterium-abscessus
#14
Michael Dal Molin, Myriam Gut, Anna Rominski, Klara Haldimann, Katja Becker, Peter Sander
Streptomycin, the first drug used for the treatment of tuberculosis, shows limited activity against the highly resistant pathogen Mycobacterium abscessus We recently identified two aminoglycoside-acetylating genes [aac(2') and eis2] which however do not affect susceptibility to streptomycin. This suggests the existence of a discrete mechanism of streptomycin resistance. M. abscessus BlastP analysis identified MAB_2385 as a close homologue of the 3' '-O-phosphotransferase [APH(3' ')] from the opportunistic pathogen Mycobacterium fortuitum, as a putative streptomycin resistance determinant...
October 23, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030295/the-new-phylogeny-of-the-genus-mycobacterium-the-old-and-the-news
#15
Enrico Tortoli, Tarcisio Fedrizzi, Conor J Meehan, Alberto Trovato, Antonella Grottola, Elisabetta Giacobazzi, Giulia Fregni Serpini, Sara Tagliazucchi, Anna Fabio, Clotilde Bettua, Roberto Bertorelli, Francesca Frascaro, Veronica De Sanctis, Monica Pecorari, Olivier Jousson, Nicola Segata, Daniela M Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic studies of bacteria have been based so far either on a single gene (usually the 16S rRNA) or on concatenated housekeeping genes. For what concerns the genus Mycobacterium these approaches support the separation of rapidly and slowly growing species and the clustering of most species in well-defined phylogenetic groups. The advent of high-throughput shotgun sequencing leads us to revise conventional taxonomy of mycobacteria on the light of genomic data. For this purpose we investigated 88 newly sequenced species in addition to 60 retrieved from GenBank and used the Average Nucleotide Identity pairwise scores to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships within this genus...
October 11, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990320/non-tuberculosis-mycobacterium-speciation-using-hplc-under-revised-national-tb-control-programme-rntcp-in-india
#16
George Sebastian, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Telagi Vishwanatha, Mamatha Voderhobli, Narayana Vijayalakshmi, Prahlad Kumar
AIMS: Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous in nature. The data on prevalence of NTM under the RNTCP is scarce. Many NTM species have clinical significance, and hence their identification and speciation are important. METHODS AND RESULT: It is a cross-sectional study conducted at the five RNTCP accredited culture and drug susceptibility testing (CDST) laboratory. The culture isolates from AFB positive but Immunochromatographic test negative samples were taken for identification and speciation using HPLC...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961864/biological-evaluation-of-diphenyleneiodonium-chloride-dpic-as-a-potential-drug-candidate-for-treatment-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections
#17
Alok Kumar Singh, Ritesh Thakare, Pratiksha Karaulia, Swetarka Das, Isha Soni, Manitosh Pandey, Amit Kumar Pandey, Sidharth Chopra, Arunava Dasgupta
Background: Novel drug discovery against non-tuberculous mycobacteria is beset with a large number of challenges including the existence of myriad innate drug resistance mechanisms as well as a lack of suitable animal models, which hinders effective translation. In order to identify molecules acting via novel mechanisms of action, we screened the Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds against non-tuberculous mycobacteria to identify such compounds. Methods: Whole-cell growth inhibition assays were used to screen and identify novel inhibitors...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940325/evaluation-of-the-rt-lamp-and-lamp-methods-for-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#18
Dandan Wu, Jiwen Kang, Baosheng Li, Dianxing Sun
BACKGROUND: The current methods for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) are not clinically optimal. Standard culture methods (SCMs) are slow, costly, or unreliable, and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) cannot differentiate live Mtb. METHODS: This study compared reverse transcription (RT)-LAMP, LAMP, and an SCM for detecting Mtb. A first experiment tested the sensitivity and specificity of primers for 9 species of Mycobacterium (H37Rv, M. intracellulare, M...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933031/screening-isolation-and-molecular-identification-of-biodegrading-mycobacteria-from-iranian-ecosystems-and-analysis-of-their-biodegradation-activity
#19
Davood Azadi, Hasan Shojaei, Sina Mobasherizadeh, Abass Daei Naser
Anthropogenic origin pollutants including pesticides, heavy metals, pharmaceuticals and industry chemicals impose many risks to human health and environment and bioremediation has been considered the strategy of choice to reduce the risk of hazardous chemicals. In the current study, we aimed to screen and characterize mycobacteria from the diverse range of Iranian aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems with harsh and unfavorable environmental conditions that can be utilized for biodegradation of target pollutants...
September 20, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928258/implantable-cardiac-defibrillator-infections-the-emerging-importance-of-mycobacterium-fortuitum
#20
Menfil Orellana-Barrios, David A Sotello Aviles, Olusegun Oyenuga, Kenneth Nugent
Infection is a clinically relevant complication associated with intracardiac devices. Atypical mycobacteria, particularly Mycobacterium fortuitum, have been increasingly implicated in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections. We present a case of M. fortuitum CIED infection in a patient with ischaemic cardiomyopathy occurring approximately 3 weeks after insertion. The recognition and adequate treatment, including device removal, tissue sampling and the determination of antimicrobial sensitivities, are essential in the proper management of these patients...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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