Read by QxMD icon Read


Simone B S P Terra, Scott W Aesif, Joseph J Maleszewski, Andrew L Folpe, Jennifer M Boland
Synovial sarcoma (SS), a translocation-associated sarcoma characterized by SS18-SSX1/2 fusion, presents most often in the extremities of young adults. While SS regularly occurs in the pleuropulmonary parenchyma, the mediastinum is an exceedingly rare primary site; the literature on this subject is predominantly composed of case reports and small series, mostly without molecular confirmation. Cases of mediastinal SS were selected from our institutional and consultation archives. Diagnoses were confirmed by either SS18 fluorescence in situ hybridization (n=6) or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for SS18-SSX1/2 (n=15)...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Luiz Henrique Araujo, Clarissa Baldotto, Gilberto de Castro, Artur Katz, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Clarissa Mathias, Eldsamira Mascarenhas, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Heloisa Carvalho, Jaques Tabacof, Jeovany Martínez-Mesa, Luciano de Souza Viana, Marcelo de Souza Cruz, Mauro Zukin, Pedro De Marchi, Ricardo Mingarini Terra, Ronaldo Albuquerque Ribeiro, Vladmir Cláudio Cordeiro de Lima, Gustavo Werutsky, Carlos Henrique Barrios
Lung cancer is one of the most incident types of cancer and a leading cause of cancer mortality in Brazil. We reviewed the current status of lung cancer by searching relevant data on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment in the country. This review highlights several issues that need to be addressed, including smoking control, patient lack of awareness, late diagnosis, and disparities in the access to cancer health care facilities in Brazil. We propose strategies to help overcome these limitations and challenge health care providers, as well as the society and governmental representatives, to work together and to take a step forward in fighting lung cancer...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Dailson Paulucio, Augusto Terra, Caleb G Santos, Mauricio Cagy, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Bruno M da Costa, Mariana Gongora, Renato Alvarenga, Luciano Alonso, Fernando A M S Pompeu
Ethanol (ET) is a substance that modulates the Central Nervous System (CNS). Frequently, ET intake occurs combined with energy drinks, which contain taurine (TA), an important amino acid found in the body (i.e brain and muscles). Although TA administration has been used in the improvement of physical performance, the impact of TA, ET and exercise remains unknown. This study aimed to analyze the acute effect of 6g of Taurine (TA), 0.6 mL∙kg-1 of Ethanol (ET), and Taurine combined with Ethanol (TA+ET) ingestion on the electrocortical activity before and after a moderate intensity exercise in 9 subjects, 5 women (counterbalanced experimental design)...
2018: PloS One
Inam Ullah Khan, Neeli Habib, Min Xiao, Xing Huang, Nasr Ullah Khan, Wan-Taek Im, Iftikhar Ahmed, Xiao-Yang Zhi, Wen-Jun Li
A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated YIM 730227T , was isolated from a soil sample, collected from Karak district, Khyber-Pakhtun-Khwa, Pakistan. The bacterium was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Pairwise comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM 730227T is closely related to Phenylobacterium lituiforme FaiI3T (97.5% sequence similarity), Phenylobacterium muchangponense A8T (97.4%), Phenylobacterium panacis DCY109T (97...
March 14, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Ayalew Tefferi, Christy M Finke, Terra L Lasho, Curtis A Hanson, Rhett P Ketterling, Naseema Gangat, Animesh Pardanani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Denisa Jansova, Anna Tetkova, Marketa Koncicka, Michal Kubelka, Andrej Susor
The tight correlation between mRNA distribution and subsequent protein localization and function indicate a major role for mRNA localization within the cell. RNA localization, followed by local translation, presents a mechanism for spatial and temporal gene expression regulation utilized by various cell types. However, little is known about mRNA localization and translation in the mammalian oocyte and early embryo. Importantly, fully-grown oocyte becomes transcriptionally inactive and only utilizes transcripts previously synthesized and stored during earlier development...
2018: PloS One
Mariana Terra, Marine Oberkampf, Catherine Fayolle, Pierre Rosenbaum, Camille Guillerey, Gilles Dadaglio, Claude Leclerc
A growing number of observations has suggested that plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) play a critical role in tumor biology. In patients, infiltration of tumors by pDC generally correlates with a poor prognosis, suggesting that pDC may play an important role in the host-tumor relationship. Here we analyze the influence of pDC in solid tumor development using two different tumor models: TC-1 and B16-OVA. Phenotypic and functional gene profiling analysis of tumor-associated pDC showed that the tumor microenvironment affected their activation status and ability to produce cytokines and chemokines...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Research
Grant Matthews
A need to gain more confidence in computer model predictions of coming climate change has resulted in greater analysis of the quality of orbital Earth radiation budget (ERB) measurements being used today to constrain, validate, and hence improve such simulations. These studies conclude from time series analysis that for around a quarter of a century, no existing satellite ERB climate data record is of a sufficient standard to partition changes to the Earth from those of un-tracked and changing artificial instrumentation effects...
March 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Aniek Lamberts, H Ilona Euverman, Jorrit B Terra, Marcel F Jonkman, Barbara Horváth
Introduction: Rituximab (RTX) is a monoclonal antibody targeting CD20, a transmembrane protein expressed on B cells, causing B cell depletion. RTX has shown great efficacy in studies of pemphigus vulgaris, but data of pemphigoid diseases are limited. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of RTX in pemphigoid diseases. Methods: The medical records of 28 patients with pemphigoid diseases that were treated with RTX were reviewed retrospectively...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Hong-Tae Park, Hyun-Eui Park, Young-Hoon Jung, Han Sang Yoo
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a causative agent of Johne's disease or paratuberculosis (PTB), which is a chronic debilitating disease in ruminants, that is characterized by incurable enteritis and persistent diarrhea. ISMap02 is one of the major targets of PCR because it is present in multicopies (six copies) and known to be specific to MAP. However, in the present study, non-MAP mycobacteria were shown to be positive by ISMap02 targeting PCR. Two bacterial isolates (Sample ID: BO-038 and BO-042) were cultured from bovine fecal samples that produced positive results in three of two ISMap02 targeting PCR analyses with negative results in IS900 real-time PCR...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Iris Ginés, Katherine Gil-Cardoso, Joan Serrano, Àngela Casanova-Martí, MTeresa Blay, Montserrat Pinent, Anna Ardévol, Ximena Terra
Obesity is highly associated with the pathologies included in the concept of the Metabolic Syndrome. Grape-seed proanthocyanins (GSPE) have showed very positive effects against all these metabolic disruptions; however, there is, as yet, no consensus about their effectiveness against an obesogenic challenge, such as a cafeteria diet. We determined the effectiveness of a dose of 500 mg GSPE/kg b.w. (body weight) against the obesogenic effects of a 17-week cafeteria diet, administered as a sub-chronic treatment, 10-15 days before, intermittently and at the end of the diet, in Wistar rats...
March 7, 2018: Nutrients
(no author information available yet)
In the article by Berryman N, Mujika I, Arvisais D, Roubeix M, Binet C, Bosquet L. Strength training for middle- and long-distance performance: a meta-analysis. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2018;13(1):57-63. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0032 , there were errors in an author's name and with 2 author affiliations: (1) Iñigo Mujika was incorrectly spelled as Inigo Mujika, (2) Mujika's second affiliation (School of Kinesiology, Universidad Finis Terrae, Santiago, Chile) was absent, and (c) University of Poitiers was incorrectly spelled as University or Poitiers...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Yan Cao, Lei Wang, Ping Ma, Wenting Fan, Bing Gu, Shaoqing Ju
Mycobacterium species are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study was carried out to systematically evaluate the accuracy of Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF MS) for the identification of clinical pathogenic mycobacteria. After a rigid selection process, 19 articles involving 2,593 mycobacteria isolates were included. The pooled result agreed with the reference method identification for 85% of the isolates to genus level, with 71% (95% CI of 69% to 72%) correct to the species level...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ayalew Tefferi, Daniela Barraco, Terra L Lasho, Sahrish Shah, Kebede H Begna, Aref Al-Kali, William J Hogan, Mark R Litzow, Curtis A Hanson, Rhett P Ketterling, Naseema Gangat, Animesh Pardanani
One-hundred Mayo Clinic patients with high/intermediate-risk myelofibrosis (MF) received momelotinib (MMB; JAK1/2 inhibitor) between 2009 and 2010, as part of a phase 1/2 trial (NCT00935987); 73% harbored JAK2 mutations, 16% CALR, 7% MPL, 44% ASXL1, and 18% SRSF2. As of July 2017, MMB was discontinued in 91% of the patients, after a median treatment duration of 1.4 years. Grade 3/4 toxicity included thrombocytopenia (34%) and liver/pancreatic test abnormalities (<10%); grade 1/2 peripheral neuropathy occurred in 47%...
March 7, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Vitor Barreto Paravidino, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Inácio Crochemore M Silva, Andrea Wendt, Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio, Fabiana Alves Neves, Bruno de Souza Terra, Erika Alvarenga Corrêa Gomes, Anibal Sanchez Moura, Rosely Sichieri
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise interventions have been extensively advocated for the treatment of obesity; however, clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of exercise interventions on weight control show controversial results. Compensatory mechanisms through a decrease in energy expenditure and/or an increase in caloric consumption is a possible explanation. Several physiological mechanisms involved in the energy balance could explain compensatory mechanisms, but the influences of physical exercise on these adjustments are still unclear...
March 7, 2018: Trials
Xiaojuan Xu, Mengmeng Guo, Na Zhang, Shoudong Ye
Although long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new modulators in the fate decision of pluripotent stem cells, the functions of specific lncRNAs remain unclear. Here, we found that telomeric RNA (TERRA or TelRNA), one type of lncRNAs, is highly expressed in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), but declines significantly upon differentiation. TERRA is induced by the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and can reproduce its self-renewal-promoting effect when overexpressed. Further studies revealed that TCF3 is a potential downstream target of TERRA and mediates the effect of TERRA in mESC maintenance...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Radhey S Gupta, Brian Lo, Jeen Son
The genus Mycobacterium contains 188 species including several major human pathogens as well as numerous other environmental species. We report here comprehensive phylogenomics and comparative genomic analyses on 150 genomes of Mycobacterium species to understand their interrelationships. Phylogenetic trees were constructed for the 150 species based on 1941 core proteins for the genus Mycobacterium , 136 core proteins for the phylum Actinobacteria and 8 other conserved proteins. Additionally, the overall genome similarity amongst the Mycobacterium species was determined based on average amino acid identity of the conserved protein families...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Stefano Misino, Diego Bonetti, Sarah Luke-Glaser, Brian Luke
Cancer cells activate telomere maintenance mechanisms (TMMs) to bypass replicative senescence and achieve immortality by either upregulating telomerase or promoting homology-directed repair (HDR) at chromosome ends to maintain telomere length, the latter being referred to as ALT (Alternative Lengthening of Telomeres). In yeast telomerase mutants, the HDR-based repair of telomeres leads to the generation of 'survivors' that escape senescence and divide indefinitely. So far, yeast has proven to provide an accurate model to study the generation and maintenance of telomeres via HDR...
February 16, 2018: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
Angela R Bradbury, Linda J Patrick-Miller, Brian L Egleston, Michael J Hall, Susan M Domchek, Mary B Daly, Pamela Ganschow, Generosa Grana, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dominique Fetzer, Amanda Brandt, Rachelle Chambers, Dana F Clark, Andrea Forman, Rikki Gaber, Cassandra Gulden, Janice Horte, Jessica M Long, Terra Lucas, Shreshtha Madaan, Kristin Mattie, Danielle McKenna, Susan Montgomery, Sarah Nielsen, Jacquelyn Powers, Kim Rainey, Christina Rybak, Michelle Savage, Christina Seelaus, Jessica Stoll, Jill E Stopfer, Xinxin Shirley Yao
Background: Germline genetic testing is standard practice in oncology. Outcomes of telephone disclosure of a wide range of cancer genetic test results, including multigene panel testing (MGPT) are unknown. Methods: Patients undergoing cancer genetic testing were recruited to a multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial (NCT01736345) comparing telephone disclosure (TD) of genetic test results with usual care, in-person disclosure (IPD) after tiered-binned in-person pretest counseling...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Dayanne Terra Tenório Nonato, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos, Mário Rogério Lima Mota, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Arcelina Pacheco Cunha, Nágila Maria Pontes Silva Ricardo, Maria Gonçalves Pereira, Ana Maria Sampaio Assreuy, Edna Maria Camelo Chaves
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to chemically characterize a polysaccharide-rich extract (PRE) obtained from Genipa americana leaves and evaluate its neuroprotective effect in the brain morphology and oxidative markers using mice behavioral models. METHODS: Dry powder (5 g) of G. americana leaves were submitted to depigmentation in methanol. PRE was obtained by extraction in NaOH and precipitation with absolute ethanol and characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H and13 C NMR)...
February 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"