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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778205/immunopathological-changes-and-apparent-recovery-from-infection-revealed-in-cattle-in-an-experimental-model-of-johne-s-disease-using-a-lyophilised-culture-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis
#1
Douglas J Begg, Karren M Plain, Kumudika de Silva, Ratna Gurung, Alison Gunn, Auriol C Purdie, Richard J Whittington
Johne's disease (JD) or paratuberculosis is an economically significant, chronic enteropathy of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Experimental models of JD in cattle are logistically challenging due to the need for long term monitoring, because the clinical disease can take years to manifest. Three trials were undertaken, the largest involving 20 cattle exposed orally to a low dose of C strain MAP and 10 controls studied for 4.75 years. Frequent blood and faecal sampling was used to monitor immunological and infection parameters, and intestinal biopsies were performed at two time points during the subclinical disease phase...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774836/pulmonary-infections-with-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-catalonia-spain-1994-2014
#2
Miguel Santin, Irene Barrabeig, Pierre Malchair, Lucia Gonzalez-Luquero, Miguel A Benitez, Josefina Sabria, Merce Palau-Benavent, Concepcion Cañete, Joan A Lloret-Queraltó, Maria D Grijota-Camino, Jordi Dorca, Fernando Alcaide
In Spain, systematic reporting of pulmonary infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria is not mandatory. Therefore, to determine trends, we retrospectively identified cases for January 1994-December 2014 in Catalonia. Over the 21 years, prevalence increased and was associated with being male. Mycobacterium avium complex and M. abscessus prevalence increased; M. kansasii prevalence decreased.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773279/-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-cervical-adenitis-in-children-2-cases
#3
N Sigg, S Bailleul, J-M Turmel, G Legrand, S Kettani, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Cervical lymphadenitis is the most common manifestation of infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in immunocompetent children. Nevertheless, it is poorly known by dermatologists. Its incidence, which is currently increasing since the cessation of BCG vaccination in 2007, raises several issues regarding its pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report two cases of NTM adenitis: one in a 2-year-old girl vaccinated with BCG and one in an unvaccinated 22-month-old boy, in whom a misleading presentation led to delayed diagnosis...
May 14, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773092/preliminary-study-on-drug-susceptibility-profile-and-resistance-mechanisms-to-macrolides-of-clinical-isolates-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-from-china
#4
Fu Li, Gui Lian Li, Hui Pang, Hai Can Liu, Tong Yang Xiao, Shuang Jun Li, Qiao Luo, Yi Jiang, Rui Bai Wang, Kang Lin Wan
OBJECTIVE: Macrolide susceptibility and drug resistance mechanisms of clinical non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolates were preliminarily investigated for more accurate diagnosis and treatment of the infection in China. METHODS: Four macrolides, including clarithromycin (CLAR), azithromycin (AZM), roxithromycin (ROX), and erythromycin (ERY), were used to test the drug susceptibility of 310 clinical NTM isolates from six provinces of China with the broth microdilution method...
April 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772918/cutaneous-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-alberta-canada-an-epidemiologic-study-and-review
#5
Megan A Sander, Judith L Isaac-Renton, Gregory J Tyrrell
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) occur infrequently. Nonetheless, the incidence of NTM infections is reported to be increasing. In Canada, cutaneous NTM infections have not been well described. OBJECTIVES: A database review from 2006 to 2016 was done to assess species frequency, incidence, and trends of the most common cutaneous NTMs in the province of Alberta, Canada. We also reviewed major diagnostic and epidemiologic aspects of NTM cutaneous infections with a focus on Mycobacterium marinum...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772774/selected-plant-metabolites-involved-in-oxidation-reduction-processes-during-bud-dormancy-and-ontogenetic-development-in-sweet-cherry-buds-prunus-avium-l
#6
Susanne Baldermann, Thomas Homann, Susanne Neugart, Frank-M Chmielewski, Klaus-Peter Götz, Kristin Gödeke, Gerd Huschek, Getrud E Morlock, Harshadrai M Rawel
Many biochemical processes are involved in regulating the consecutive transition of different phases of dormancy in sweet cherry buds. An evaluation based on a metabolic approach has, as yet, only been partly addressed. The aim of this work, therefore, was to determine which plant metabolites could serve as biomarkers for the different transitions in sweet cherry buds. The focus here was on those metabolites involved in oxidation-reduction processes during bud dormancy, as determined by targeted and untargeted mass spectrometry-based methods...
May 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770694/detection-of-pcr-amplified-tuberculosis-dna-fragments-with-polyelectrolyte-modified-field-effect-sensors
#7
Thomas Stefan Bronder, Max Philipp Jessing, Arshak Poghossian, Michael Keusgen, Michael J Schöning
Field-effect-based electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor (EIS) sensors were modified with a bilayer of positively charged weak polyelectrolyte (poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH)) and probe single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) and are used for the detection of target complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) in different test solutions. The sensing mechanism is based on the detection of the intrinsic molecular charge of target cDNA molecules after the hybridization event between cDNA and immobilized probe ssDNA...
May 17, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766262/in-defense-of-lady-windermere-syndrome
#8
EDITORIAL
Jerome M Reich
Defense of Lady Windermere Syndrome (LWS) provides a critical analysis of its proposed pathogenesis, evidence supporting a causal role of volitional cough suppression, pathogenesis of M. avium complex (MAC) superimposition, a defense of the eponym, and cites a possible contribution of LWS to the bronchiectasis population.
May 15, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764749/prognosis-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-patients-with-pulmonary-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-disease
#9
Maiko Naito, Yu Kurahara, Shiomi Yoshida, Naoya Ikegami, Takehiko Kobayashi, Shojiro Minomo, Kazunobu Tachibana, Kazunari Tsuyuguchi, Seiji Hayashi, Katsuhiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease (PNTM) is a known risk factor for chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). However, few studies have focused on the prognosis of PNTM-associated CPA. In the present investigation, we aimed to elucidate the clinical course and prognostic factors of CPA in patients with PNTM. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 62 patients with CPA and a history of PNTM who were admitted to Kinki-chuo Chest Medical Center between 2010 and 2015...
May 11, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761519/evaluation-of-needle-trap-micro-extraction-and-solid-phase-micro-extraction-obtaining-comprehensive-information-on-volatile-emissions-from-in-vitro-cultures
#10
Peter Oertel, Andreas Bergmann, Sina Fischer, Phillip Trefz, Anne Küntzel, Petra Reinhold, Heike Köhler, Jochen K Schubert, Wolfram Miekisch
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from in vitro cultures may reveal information on species and metabolism. Due to low nmol L-1 concentration ranges, pre-concentration techniques are required for gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS) based analyses. This study was intended to compare the efficiency of established micro-extraction techniques - solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) and needle-trap micro-extraction (NTME) - for the analysis of complex VOC patterns. For SPME, a 75 μm Carboxen®/Polydimethylsiloxane fibre was used...
May 14, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760920/serum-lipidomics-of-bovine-paratuberculosis-disruption-of-choline-containing-glycerophospholipids-and-sphingolipids
#11
Paul L Wood, Erdal Erol, Glen F Hoffsis, Margaret Steinman, Jeroen DeBuck
Objectives: Bovine paratuberculosis is a devastating infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis that ultimately results in death from malnutrition. While the infection is characterized by a long (2-4 years) subclinical phase with immune activation, ultimately host defense mechanisms fail and the bacteria spread from the small intestine to other organs. Since both the gastrointestinal tract and liver are essential for the biosynthesis of structural glycerophospholipids, we investigated the circulating levels of these lipids in field infections and experimentally infected cattle...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760127/-in-vitro-activity-of-clofazimine-against-non-tuberculous-mycobacteriaisolated-in-beijing-china
#12
Jingjing Luo, Xia Yu, Guanglu Jiang, Yuhong Fu, Fengmin Huo, Yifeng Ma, Fen Wang, Yuanyuan Shang, Qian Liang, Yi Xue, Hairong Huang
Due to the natural resistance of non-tuberculous mycobacteria(NTM) to lots of antibiotics,treatment of diseases caused by NTM is often long-termed but less successful.The main goal of this study was to evaluate the in vitro susceptibility to clofazimine of 209 isolates consisting of different NTM species isolated in Beijing,China. Furthermore,47 reference strains were also tested, including 30 rapidly growing mycobacterium (RGM) species and 17 slowly growing mycobacterium(SGM) species.The potential molecular mechanism contributing to clofazimine resistance of NTM was investigated as well...
May 14, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753484/short-communication-heritability-estimates-for-susceptibility-to-mycobacterium-avium-ssp-paratuberculosis-infection-in-chinese-holstein-cattle
#13
Y Gao, J Cao, S Zhang, Q Zhang, D Sun
Paratuberculosis in ruminants, which is caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is a contagious, chronic enteric disease associated with economic losses, animal welfare, and health implications in dairy cattle production. In this study, we estimated the variance components and heritability of susceptibility to MAP infection in Chinese Holstein cattle. We collected 4,937 serum samples from cows in 7 dairy herds in the Beijing region of China and used the ELISA test to detect antibodies to MAP...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753465/short-communication-uncovering-quantitative-trait-loci-associated-with-resistance-to-mycobacterium-avium-ssp-paratuberculosis-infection-in-holstein-cattle-using-a-high-density-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-panel
#14
Sanjay Mallikarjunappa, M Sargolzaei, L F Brito, K G Meade, N A Karrow, S D Pant
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiological agent of Johne's disease in cattle. Johne's disease is a disease of significant economic, animal welfare, and public health concern around the globe. Therefore, understanding the genetic architecture of resistance to MAP infection has great relevance to advance genetic selection methods to breed more resistant animals. The objectives of this study were to perform a genome-wide association study of previously analyzed 50K genotypes now imputed to a high-density single nucleotide polymorphism panel (777K), aiming to validate previously reported associations and potentially identify additional single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with antibody response to MAP infection...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740544/establishment-of-a-host-to-host-transmission-model-for-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-hominissuis-using-caenorhabditis-elegans-and-identification-of-colonization-associated-genes
#15
Luiz E Bermudez, Sasha J Rose, Jamie L Everman, Navid R Ziaie
Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis ( M. avium ) is a member of the non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), and is a common cause of lung infection in patients with chronic NTM lung conditions. M. avium is an environmental bacterium believed to be transmitted from environmental sources. In this work we used a recently developed model in Caenorhabditis elegans to ask whether M. avium can be transmitted from host-to-host, and the bacterial genes associated with host colonization. Infection of C. elegans was carried out by placing the nematode in cultured with M...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738438/proctitis-caused-by-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#16
Jose Armando Gonzales Zamora, Clara Milikowski
Infectious proctitis is usually associated with sexually transmitted diseases, especially in HIV-infected individuals. Limited information is found about the role of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare as a causative agent for this condition. Here, we report the case of an HIV-infected patient with a CD4 count of 304 cells/uL and undetectable HIV viral load, who presented with constipation and painful defecation. Endoscopic evaluation was significant for shallow rectal ulcerations. Histopathology revealed poorly formed granulomas...
May 8, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738302/care-and-treatment-of-a-rare-mycobacterium-avium-complex-infected-wound-a-case-report
#17
Min Wei, Qixia Jiang, Jiandong Wang
An unusual presentation of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), unlikely to be encountered in an outpatient dermatology setting, was diagnosed in a patient without an immunodeficiency. A 47-year-old woman, who was immunocompetent and had no risk factors, presented with a full-thickness, infected wound (large amounts of purulent exudate and severe pain) on her back, which had been present for two months. She was diagnosed as having an MAC infection, using a DNA microarray chip method. The patient underwent wound drainage and a fresh silver-containing dressing was applied daily for two months...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729715/non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-can-cause-disseminated-mycobacteriosis-in-cats
#18
H Pekkarinen, N Airas, L E Savolainen, M Rantala, S Kilpinen, O Miuku, M Speeti, V Karkamo, S Malkamäki, M Vaara, A Sukura, P Syrjä
Mycobacteriosis caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is a rising concern in human medicine both in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. In cats, mycobacteriosis caused by NTM is considered mostly to be a focal or dermal infection, with disseminated disease mostly caused by Mycobacterium avium. We describe three cases of disseminated mycobacteriosis in cats, caused by Mycobacterium malmoense, Mycobacterium branderi/shimoidei and M. avium, with no identified underlying immunosuppression. In all cases, extracellular mycobacteria were seen in the pulmonary epithelium, intestinal lumen and glomerular tufts, which could affect the shedding of the organism...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726587/comparative-genomics-of-pseudomonas-syringae-reveals-convergent-gene-gain-and-loss-associated-with-specialization-onto-cherry-prunus-avium
#19
Michelle T Hulin, Andrew D Armitage, Joana G Vicente, Eric B Holub, Laura Baxter, Helen J Bates, John W Mansfield, Robert W Jackson, Richard J Harrison
Genome-wide analyses of the effector- and toxin-encoding genes were used to examine the phylogenetics and evolution of pathogenicity amongst diverse strains of Pseudomonas syringae causing bacterial canker of cherry (Prunus avium), including pathovars P. syringae pv morsprunorum (Psm) races 1 and 2, P. syringae pv syringae (Pss) and P. syringae pv avii. Phylogenetic analyses revealed Psm races and P. syringae pv avii clades were distinct and were each monophyletic, whereas cherry-pathogenic strains of Pss were interspersed amongst strains from other host species...
May 4, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724379/aspergillus-precipitating-antibody-in-patients-with-mycobacterium-avium-complex-lung-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Shoji Suzuki, Takanori Asakura, Ho Namkoong, Satoshi Okamori, Kazuma Yagi, Hirofumi Kamata, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Yohei Funatsu, Yasushi Nakano, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Makoto Ishii, Tamotsu Ebihara, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa
RATIONALE: Little is known about the role of Aspergillus precipitating antibody (APAb) in patients with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD). OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical characteristics of patients with MAC-LD positive for APAb. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study targeting patients with MAC-LD. APAb was checked in all participants. Clinical variables included laboratory data, pulmonary function, high-resolution computed tomography findings, and health-related quality of life...
May 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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