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K A P Edman, C Caputo
AIM: The study was undertaken to explore whether shortening of striated muscle during activity is associated with release of bound Ca(2+) into the myofibrillar space as has previously been proposed in order to explain the depressant effect of active shortening. METHODS: The experiments were carried out on single muscle fibres isolated from the anterior tibialis muscle of Rana temporaria. The fibres were loaded with the calcium sensitive indicator Fluo-3. The fibres, stimulated to produce a partially fused isometric tetanus, were subjected to a shortening ramp or, alternatively, to a stretch ramp during activity while force, fibre length, sarcomere length and the Fluo-3 signal were recorded...
March 19, 2017: Acta Physiologica
Mark K Lyons, Joseph M Hoxworth, Jamal McClendon, Chandan X Krishna, Naresh P Patel
Pial arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are rare vascular abnormalities that are distinct from arteriovenous malformations and dural AVFs. These vascular lesions have been linked with trauma, ischemic syndromes, venous thrombotic diseases, and intracranial surgical procedures. In this report we describe a case of an intracranial ruptured pial AVF immediately following uneventful spinal surgery in an elderly patient with subsequent spontaneous resolution. He was a previous heavy smoker with a 60-pack-year history and alcohol abuse...
April 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
Justine Lo, On-Yee Lo, Erin A Olson, Daniel Habtemariam, Ikechukwu Iloputaife, Margaret M Gagnon, Brad Manor, Lewis A Lipsitz
Older adults often exhibit high levels of lower extremity muscle co-contraction, which may be the cause or effect of age-related impairments in gait and associated falls. Normal gait requires intact executive function and thus can be slowed by challenging executive resources available to the neuromuscular system through the performance of a dual task. We therefore investigated associations between lower limb co-contraction and gait characteristics under normal and dual task conditions in healthy older adults (85...
March 2017: Gait & Posture
Ui Jun Park, Hyoung Tae Kim, Won Hyun Cho, Jae Hyoung Park, Hye Ra Jung, Min Young Kim
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), including remote IPC (rIPC) and direct IPC (dIPC), is a promising method to decrease ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. This study tested the effect of both rIPC and dIPC on the genes for antioxidant enzymes and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty rats were randomly divided into the control and study groups. In the control group (n=10), the right hind limb was sham-operated. The left hind limb (IscR) of the control group underwent IR injury without IPC...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
Daniel D Nguyen, Gyuyoup Kim, Eung-Kwon Pae
Muscle fiber-type changes in hypoxic conditions in accordance with pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (Pdk)-1 and hypoxia inducible factor (Hif)-1α were investigated in rats. Hif-1α and its down-stream molecule Pdk-1 are well known for readily response to hypoxia. We questioned their roles in relation to changes in myosin heavy chain (MyHC) composition in skeletal muscles. We hypothesize that the level of Pdk-1 with respect to the level of Hif-1α determines MyHC composition of the muscle in rats in hypoxia. Young male rats were housed in a chamber maintained at 11...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Shao-Jun Wang, Dong-Qing Xu, Jing-Xian Li
This study examined the effects of regular Tai Chi practice and jogging on the neuromuscular activity of the trunk, hip, and ankle joint muscles of older people during lateral postural perturbation. A total of 42 older people participated in the study and formed the Tai Chi, jogging, and sedentary control groups. Electromyography signals were collected from the peroneus longus, anterior tibialis, gluteus medius, and erector spinae during unpredictable mediolateral perturbation. The Tai Chi group exhibited significantly faster latencies of the tibialis anterior and erector spinae than the control group...
January 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
Alisha Jiwani, Reinaldo Morales, Kevin Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Mitchel R Stacy, Christopher M Caracciolo, Maolin Qiu, Prasanta Pal, Tyler Varga, Robert Todd Constable, Albert J Sinusas
Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging permits noninvasive assessment of tissue oxygenation. We hypothesized that BOLD imaging would allow for regional evaluation of differences in skeletal muscle oxygenation between athletes and sedentary control subjects, and dynamic BOLD responses to ischemia (i.e., proximal cuff occlusion) and reactive hyperemia (i.e., rapid cuff deflation) would relate to lower extremity function, as assessed by jumping ability. College football athletes (linemen, defensive backs/wide receivers) were compared to sedentary healthy controls...
August 2016: Physiological Reports
Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation is ineffective at restoring normal gait in chronic ankle instability patients. Our purpose was to determine if a novel gait-training device could decrease plantar pressure on the lateral column of the foot in chronic ankle instability patients. METHODS: Ten chronic ankle instability patients completed 30s trials of baseline and gait-training walking at a self-selected pace while in-shoe plantar pressure and surface electromyography were recorded from their anterior tibialis, peroneus longus, medial gastrocnemius, and gluteus medius...
August 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Marcelo Nascimento Rebelatto, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, João Flavio Guimarães, Tania Fatima Salvini
AIM: To establish whether there are differences in pain sensitivity between hypertensive and normotensive older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional case control study was carried out. A total of 72 older adults, 36 normotensive and 36 hypertensive, participated in the study. The pressure pain threshold (PPT) was assessed on seven points bilaterally in both groups by means of pressure algometry. Two-factor analysis of variance (anova) - group and sex - was carried out, and the magnitude of the differences was calculated using Cohen's index...
June 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Takeshi Satow, Tomotaka Kawase, Atsushi Kitamura, Yuki Kajitani, Takuya Yamaguchi, Nobuhiko Tanabe, Reiko Otoi, Taro Komuro, Akira Kobayashi, Hirokazu Nagata, Tatsuya Mima
BACKGROUND: Walking ability is important in stroke patients to maintain daily life. Nevertheless, its improvement is limited with conventional physical therapy in chronic stage. We report the case of a chronic stroke patient showing a remarkable improvement in gait function after a new neurorehabilitation protocol using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old male with left putaminal hemorrhage suffered from severe right hemiparesis...
January 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
Jorge Chahla, Marco Nitri, David Civitarese, Chase S Dean, Samuel G Moulton, Robert F LaPrade
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is known to be the main posterior stabilizer of the knee. Anatomic single-bundle PCL reconstruction, focusing on reconstruction of the larger anterolateral bundle, is the most commonly performed procedure. Because of the residual posterior and rotational tibial instability after the single-bundle procedure and the inability to restore the normal knee kinematics, an anatomic double-bundle PCL reconstruction has been proposed in an effort to re-create the native PCL footprint more closely and to restore normal knee kinematics...
February 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Wei Sun, Cui Zhang, Qipeng Song, Weiping Li, Yan Cong, Shuwan Chang, Dewei Mao, Youlian Hong
This study assessed the effect of 1-year regular Tai Chi (TC) on neuromuscular reaction in elderly women. A total of 41 elderly women (55 years-68 years) completed the study. The TC group (n = 21) performed the 24-form TC, while the control group (C, n = 20) was instructed to read newspapers or watch television when the TC group practised. Electromyogram measurements were conducted before and after intervention. After a year-long intervention, the post-test results of between-group neuromuscular reaction time showed significant differences in the rectus femoris (t = 3...
April 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Seyhan Yilmaz, Esra U Mermi, Ethem Zobaci, Eray Aksoy, Çınar Yastı
Aim This pilot study aimed to reveal whether combination of electrostimulation with iloprost treatment achieves better results compared to iloprost alone in patients with critical limb ischemia. Material and methods Patients were randomized into Group 1 ( n = 11, mean age: 65.3 ± 4.2 years, received iloprost infusion protocol alone) or Group 2 ( n = 11, mean age: 62.9 ± 6.7, received iloprost infusion plus standardized protocol of peroneal nerve electrostimulation). Electrostimulation was delivered with 1 Hz frequency, 27 mA current, and 200 ms pulse width...
January 1, 2016: Vascular
Masayuki Soma, Shin Murata, Yoshihiro Kai, Hideyuki Nakae, Yousuke Satou
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate whether toe grip strength and muscle activities are affected by the ankle angle in the horizontal plane in the sitting upright and standing positions. [Subjects] The subjects were 16 healthy young women. [Methods] We measured toe grip strength and the maximum voluntary contraction activities of the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, anterior tibialis, and medial head of the gastrocnemius. In addition, we calculated the percent integrated electromyography during foot gripping in 3 different ankle joint positions between the long axis of the foot and the line of progression on the horizontal plane, namely 10° of internal rotation, 0°, and 10° of external rotation...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Elena Samaila, Ingrid Bonetti, Costanza Bruno, Emanuele Argentini, Bruno Magnan
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Flexible flatfoot is one of the most common deformities in pediatric orthopaedics. Arthroeresis procedures are designed to correct this deformity. Among them, calcaneo-stop is a procedure with both biomechanical and proprioceptive properties. There could be other surgical procedure combined, such as a percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening and the Gould tibialis posterior retension or Young tibialis anterior navicular tenosuspension. This study analyzed the clinical and sonographic results of 36 patients following flexible flatfoot surgical treatment with a calcaneo-stop arthroeresis combined with Achilles lengthening and a Young procedure...
April 15, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Bo Pei, Chao Sun, Ruoyan Xue, Yuan Xue, Ying Zhao, Ya-qi Zong, Wei Lin, Pei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel surgical strategy for circumferentially decompressing the T10 -L1 spinal canal when impinged upon by single level hard thoracic herniated disc (HTHD) via a modified costotransversectomy approach. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 26 patients (17 men, 9 women; mean age at surgery 48.5 years, range 20-77 years) who had undergone single level HTHD between T10 -L1 by circumferential decompression via a modified costotransversectomy approach...
February 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Luke Donovan, Mark A Feger, Joseph M Hart, Susan Saliba, Joseph Park, Jay Hertel
Chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients have been shown to have increased lateral column plantar pressure throughout the stance phase of gait. To date, traditional CAI rehabilitation programs have been unable to alter gait. We developed an auditory biofeedback device that can be worn in shoes that elicits an audible cue when an excessive amount of pressure is applied to a sensor. This study determined whether using this device can decrease lateral plantar pressure in participants with CAI and alter surface electromyography (sEMG) amplitudes (anterior tibialis, peroneus longus, medial gastrocnemius, and gluteus medius)...
February 2016: Gait & Posture
William R Mook, David Civitarese, Travis Lee Turnbull, Nicholas I Kennedy, Luke O'Brien, Jarod B Schoeberl, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the biomechanical effects of simulated immediate motion and weightbearing during rehabilitation on different double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (DB-PCLR) graft options. METHODS: Nine each of commercially prepared (allograft) Achilles tendon allografts, fresh-frozen (autograft) bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts, and fresh-frozen quadriceps tendon grafts were paired with commercially prepared anterior tibialis allografts, fresh-frozen semitendinosus grafts, and fresh-frozen semitendinosus grafts, respectively...
March 21, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Kwansub Lee, Chae-Woo Yi, Sangyong Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of kinesiology taping therapy on degenerative knee arthritis patients' pain, function, and joint range of motion. [Subjects] To conduct the experiment in the present study, 30 patients with degenerative knee arthritis were divided into a control group (the conservative treatment group) of 15 patients, who received conservative physical therapy, and an experimental group (the kinesiology taping group) of 15 patients, who received kinesiology taping therapy...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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