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Impaired glucose tolerance. Hba1c

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540308/relationships-between-composition-of-major-fatty-acids-and-fat-distribution-and-insulin-resistance-in-japanese
#1
Chikako Fujii, Toshihide Kawai, Koichiro Azuma, Yuko Oguma, Fuminori Katsukawa, Hiroshi Hirose, Kumiko Tanaka, Shu Meguro, Hideo Matsumoto, Hiroshi Itoh
Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between the composition of free fatty acids (FFAs) and metabolic parameters, including body fat distribution, in Japanese. Methods. The study subjects were 111 Japanese patients (54 males, 57 females). Metabolic parameters and visceral and subcutaneous fat areas as determined by CT scanning at the umbilical level were measured. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) was performed by administering 75 g glucose orally. Results. The percentage of linoleic acid (C18:2), the greatest constituent among FFAs, was negatively correlated with visceral fat area (r = -0...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523459/plasma-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-b-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-with-the-first-phase-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-function-of-%C3%AE-cell
#2
J Wu, H Wei, H Qu, Z Feng, J Long, Q Ge, H Deng
PURPOSE: To detect plasma vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) in individuals with different glucose tolerance and investigate the relationship between plasma VEGF-B levels and the first phase of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 45 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 37 patients with impaired glucose regulation (IGR), and 39 Normal glucose tolerance (NGT) subjects, all of whom underwent intravenous glucose tolerance test...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509724/associations-between-glycaemic-deterioration-and-aortic-stiffness-and-central-blood-pressure-the-addition-pro-study
#3
Nanna B Johansen, Signe S Rasmussen, Niels Wiinberg, Dorte Vistisen, Marit E Jørgensen, Erling B Pedersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Annelli Sandbæk, Daniel R Witte
OBJECTIVES: In the context of screening for diabetes, we examined levels of central haemodynamics among individuals with different levels of diabetes risk and analysed the impact of glycated haemoglobin A (HbA1c) and HbA1c changes on central haemodynamics. METHODS: A Danish population-based stepwise screening programme for diabetes including a diabetes risk score (DRS) questionnaire and glucose measurements identified seven groups of individuals at increasing levels of diabetes risk...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500825/which-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-should-be-screened-for-subclinical-cushing-s-syndrome
#4
Güven Barış Cansu, Sevgi Atılgan, Mustafa Kemal Balcı, Ramazan Sarı, Sebahat Özdem, Hasan Ali Altunbaş
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance are common in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). In this study we investigated the incidence of subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) in type 2 diabetic patients with poor and good metabolic control and the relationship between blood glucose and cortisol levels. DESIGN: A total of 400 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (Group A, HbA1c ≥8%, n=250; Group B, HbA1c ≤6.5%, n=150) were included in the study...
January 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491871/the-imbalance-of-b-lymphocyte-subsets-in-subjects-with-different-glucose-tolerance-relationship-with-metabolic-parameter-and-disease-status
#5
Chao Deng, Yufei Xiang, Tingting Tan, Zhihui Ren, Chuqing Cao, Bingwen Liu, Gan Huang, Xiangbing Wang, Zhiguang Zhou
B lymphocytes are involved in inflammation and are related to insulin resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study investigated the phenotype and frequency of B-lymphocyte subsets in subjects recently diagnosed with T2D (n = 60), impaired glucose regulation (IGR, n = 73), and normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 169) by flow cytometry. T2D subjects had an increased percentage of CD19(+)CD23(+) (B-2) cells and a decreased percentage of CD19(+)CD23(-) (B-1) cells attributing to CD19(+)CD23(-)CD5(-) (B-1b) cells, but not CD19(+)CD23(-)CD5(+) (B-1a) cells, compared to NGT and IGR subjects...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489559/neck-circumference-is-similarly-predicting-for-impairment-of-glucose-tolerance-as-classic-anthropometric-parameters-among-healthy-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#6
Jennifer Junge, Christoph Engel, Mandy Vogel, Stephanie Naumann, Markus Löffler, Joachim Thiery, Jürgen Kratzsch, Wieland Kiess, Antje Körner
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the association of neck circumference (NC) to parameters of glucose homeostasis compared to classical anthropometric parameters of lean and obese children. METHODS: Three dimensional (3D)-body scanning quantified anthropometric (height, weight, NC, hip/waist circumference, BMI) and metabolic parameters (fasting plasma glucose [FPG], insulin, HbA1c, oGTT, HOMA-IR) were determined cross-sectionally in 1542 participants (5-18 years)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489279/dipeptidyl-peptidase-dpp-4-inhibitors-and-glucagon-like-peptide-glp-1-analogues-for-prevention-or-delay-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-complications-in-people-at-increased-risk-for-the-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Bianca Hemmingsen, David P Sonne, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Bernd Richter
BACKGROUND: The projected rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could develop into a substantial health problem worldwide. Whether dipeptidyl-peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors or glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 analogues are able to prevent or delay T2DM and its associated complications in people at risk for the development of T2DM is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 analogues on the prevention or delay of T2DM and its associated complications in people with impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting blood glucose, moderately elevated glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) or any combination of these...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458898/efficacy-of-pasireotide-in-controlling-severe-hypercortisolism-until-cardiac-transplantation
#8
Roberto Attanasio, Liana Cortesi, Daniela Gianola, Claudia Vettori, Fulvio Sileo, Roberto Trevisan
SUMMARY: Cushing's syndrome is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Although surgery is the first-line treatment, drugs can still play a role as an ancillary treatment to be employed while waiting for surgery, after unsuccessful operation or in patients unsuitable for surgery. We were asked to evaluate a 32-year-old male waiting for cardiac transplantation. Idiopathic hypokinetic cardiomyopathy had been diagnosed since 6 years. He was on treatment with multiple drugs, had a pacemaker, an implantable cardioverter and an external device for the support of systolic function...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429840/non-response-to-fluconazole-maintenance-treatment-recidif-regimen-for-recurrent-vulvovaginal-candidosis-is-not-related-to-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#9
Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Gert Bellen, Kateryna Ruban, Gilbert Donders
Is non-response to maintenance treatment for recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis (RCVV) related to the impaired glucose metabolism? In the ReCiDiF trial, women with RCVV were given a degressive regimen with fluconazole according to their clinical, microscopic and mycologic response. Data obtained from optimal, suboptimal and non-reponding patients were used for secondary analysis of medical history, physical status and family history for potential glucose impairment. Results were presented in means and percentages...
April 21, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413419/role-of-vitamin-d-on-glycemic-control-and-oxidative-stress-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Mostafa Saif-Elnasr, Iman M Ibrahim, Manal M Alkady
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency may play a key role in the development of impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabolic syndrome. Several studies have shown that Vitamin D has an antioxidant property. We aimed to investigate 25-hydroxy Vitamin D (25[OH]D) levels in patients with T2DM and in nondiabetic healthy controls and to ascertain the impact of 25(OH)D levels on glycemic control and oxidative stress in T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty male patients with T2DM and twenty age- and socioeconomic status-matched male healthy controls were included in the study...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384881/effect-of-atorvastatin-on-glycaemic-parameters-in-normoglycaemic-and-prediabetic-subjects-a-prospective-panel-study
#11
Sansita Parida, Trupti Rekha Swain, Satya Narayan Routray, Rituparna Maiti
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity and dyslipidemia, which are risk factor for cardiovascular disease. With recent FDA approved indications for statins being widened because of its lipid lowering and pleiotropic effects, statins are currently amongst the most widely used drugs in patients with or without diabetes. Although cardiovascular risk is reduced by statin therapy, its association with the development of diabetes is disputed. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Atorvastatin on glycaemic status of normoglycaemic and prediabetic individuals...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371132/characteristics-of-the-pre-diabetic-period-in-children-with-high-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-recruited-from-the-general-swedish-population-the-abis-study
#12
Linda Åkerman, Johnny Ludvigsson, Ulrica Swartling, Rosaura Casas
BACKGROUND: There is a need for increased understanding of the pre-diabetic period in individuals with high risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) from the general population. METHODS: High-risk children (n = 21) positive for multiple islet autoantibodies were identified by autoantibody screening within the ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden) study. The children and their parents were enrolled in a 2-year prospective follow-up study aiming to characterize the pre-diabetic period...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356129/the-effects-of-probiotic-and-synbiotic-supplementation-on-metabolic-syndrome-indices-in-adults-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Nazila Kassaian, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Awat Feizi, Parvaneh Jafari, Masoud Amini
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity has been rising dramatically; however, their pathogenesis is particularly intriguing. Recently, dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota has emerged as a new candidate that may be linked to metabolic diseases. We hypothesize that selective modulation of the intestinal microbiota by probiotic or synbiotic supplementation may improve metabolic dysfunction and prevent diabetes in prediabetics. In this study, a synthesis and study of synbiotics will be carried out for the first time in Iran...
March 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351091/plasma-betatrophin-levels-of-subjects-classified-with-normal-impaired-and-diabetic-glucose-tolerance-and-subjects-with-impaired-fasting-glucose
#14
Sibel Ozyazgan, Burak Onal, Eda Merve Kurtulus, Hafize Uzun, Gokhan Akkan, Dildar Konukoglu
This study was aimed to investigate whether betatrophin shows glucose intolerance or not. To access the plasma betatrophin levels after basal and glucose load, groups were classified as normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and diabetic glucose tolerance (DGT) according to WHO 2012 criteria. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed on age-matched subjects (n=220) with a body mass index (BMI)<27 kg/m(2). Subjects were categorized as normoglycemic (n=55), IFG (n=50), IGT (n=60), and DM (n=55) according to the WHO criteria...
March 28, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326749/a-case-of-autoimmune-polyendocrine-syndrome-type-i-with-strong-positive-gad-antibody-titer-followed-up-with-glucose-tolerance-measured-by-oral-glucose-tolerance-test
#15
Rie Murakami, Toshihide Kawai, Shu Meguro, Matsuhiko Hayashi, Hiroshi Itoh
A 26-year-old Japanese woman presented with adrenal insufficiency, and treatment was started with cortisone and fludrocortisone in 1975. A few years later, she presented with hypoparathyroidism and was diagnosed with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS I), and treatment with calcium and alfacalcidol was started. She was found to have subacute thyroiditis and relative adrenal failure in 2006. Her condition remained stable under treatment with cortisone, fludrocortisone, levothyroxine, calcium lactate, precipitated calcium carbonate and alfacalcidol...
January 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323915/insulin-igf-1-and-gh-receptors-are-altered-in-an-adipose-tissue-depot-specific-manner-in-male-mice-with-modified-gh-action
#16
Rikke Hjortebjerg, Darlene E Berryman, Ross Comisford, Stuart J Frank, Edward O List, Mette Bjerre, Jan Frystyk, John J Kopchick
Growth hormone (GH) is an important determinant of glucose homeostasis and adipose tissue (AT) function. Using seven-month-old bovine GH transgenic (bGH) mice and GH receptor knockout (GHR-/-) mice, we examined whether changes in GH action affect glucose, insulin, and pyruvate tolerance and AT expression patterns of proteins involved in the interrelated signaling pathways of GH, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and insulin. Furthermore, we searched for AT depot-specific differences in control mice that may explain why GH effects depend on AT location...
February 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290602/ajs1669-a-novel-small-molecule-muscle-glycogen-synthase-activator-improves-glucose-metabolism-and-reduces-body-fat-mass-in-mice
#17
Kazuhiro Nakano, Sen Takeshita, Noriko Kawasaki, Wataru Miyanaga, Yoriko Okamatsu, Mizuki Dohi, Tadakiyo Nakagawa
Impaired glycogen synthesis and turnover are common in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. As glycogen synthase (GS) is a key enzyme involved in the synthetic process, it presents a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we identified a novel, potent and orally available GS activator AJS1669 {sodium 2-[[5-[[4-(4,5-difluoro-2-methylsulfanyl-phenyl)phenoxy] methyl]furan-2-carbonyl]-(2-furylmethyl)amino] acetate}. In vitro, we performed a glycogen synthase 1 (GYS1) activation assay for screening GS activators and identified that the activity of AJS1669 was further potentiated in the presence of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P)...
April 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270897/determinants-of-glycated-hemoglobin-in-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-subanalysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-prevention-program
#18
Naoki Sakane, Juichi Sato, Kazuyo Tsushita, Satoru Tsujii, Kazuhiko Kotani, Makoto Tominaga, Shoji Kawazu, Yuzo Sato, Takeshi Usui, Isao Kamae, Toshihide Yoshida, Yutaka Kiyohara, Shigeaki Sato, Kokoro Tsuzaki, Shinsuke Nirengi, Kaoru Takahashi, Hideshi Kuzuya, Jdpp Research Group
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about the relationship of lifestyle factors with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. The aim of study was to identify such determinant factors of HbA1c in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 121 men and 124 women with impaired glucose tolerance, who were diagnosed based on a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Demographic and biochemical parameters, including the body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h post-load glucose (2-h PG), and HbA1c, were measured...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260455/triplet-pregnancy-in-a-diabetic-mother-with-kidney-transplant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Tarek Mahmoud, Khalida Mujaibel, Hosam Attia, Zakaria Zakaria, Jude Yagan, Osama Gheith, Medhat Abdel Halim, Prasad Nair, Torki Al-Otaibi
Triplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies can carry increased fetal and maternal complications. Reports of triplet pregnancies after kidney transplant are scarce and have been associated with perinatal complications. Presence of diabetes in such cases worsens both fetal and maternal outcomes. Here, we present a triplet pregnancy in a kidney transplant recipient with diabetes. We also reviewed the literature for causes, prevalence, and outcomes in association with chronic kidney disease, kidney transplant, and diabetes mellitus...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217514/high-incidence-of-abnormal-glucose-metabolism-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-at-a-moderate-altitude-a-sub-himalayan-study
#20
Jitender Mokta, Subash Kumar, Neeraj Ganju, Kiran Mokta, Prashant Kumar Panda, Swatantra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose metabolic status at admission is an important marker of future cardiovascular events and long-term mortality after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), whether or not they are known diabetics. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to study the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in ACS patients and to compare the different methods of diagnosing diabetes in ACS patients. METHODS: We did a prospective study. About 250 consecutive nondiabetic patients (200 men and 50 women) with ACS admitted to a tertiary care institute of Himachal Pradesh in 1 year were enrolled...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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