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Impaired glucose tolerance. Hba1c

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815569/glucose-dependent-leukocyte-activation-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#1
Natasja Koks, Marijke A de Vries, Erwin Birnie, Arash Alipour, Manuel Castro Cabezas
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte activation is an obligatory factor in the development of atherosclerosis. The postprandial situation has been associated to increased leukocyte activation in several disorders, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and familial combined hyperlipidemia. Our study aim was to evaluate the effect of post-OGTT hyperglycemia on leukocyte activation in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who met the diagnostic criteria for heterozygous FH and healthy volunteers were asked to undergo an oral glucose tolerance test...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811713/clinical-significance-of-glycemic-parameters-on-venous-thromboembolism-risk-prediction-in-gastrointestinal-cancer
#2
Fiorella Guadagni, Silvia Riondino, Vincenzo Formica, Girolamo Del Monte, Anna Maria Morelli, Jessica Lucchetti, Antonella Spila, Roberta D'Alessandro, David Della-Morte, Patrizia Ferroni, Mario Roselli
AIM: To investigate the possible predictive role of routinely used glycemic parameters for a first venous thromboembolism (VTE) episode in gastrointestinal (GI) cancer ambulatory patients - with or without clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) or obesity - treated with chemotherapy. METHODS: Pre-treatment fasting blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and homeostasis model of risk assessment (HOMA) were retrospectively evaluated in a cohort study of 342 GI cancer patients...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783579/are-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-depression-associated-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-in-females-an-experimental-study
#3
Katja Wingenfeld, Linn K Kuehl, Anita Boeker, Katharina Schultebraucks, Anne Schulz, Julia Stenzel, Carsten Spitzer, Christian Otte
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) enhance the risk for mental disorders, e.g. major depressive disorder (MDD). Increasing evidence suggests an association between ACE and impaired physical health, e.g. metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess several metabolic risk markers in healthy individuals with and without ACE and depressed patients with and without ACE. We examined glucose and insulin release in the oGTT in 33 women with MDD and ACE, 47 women with MDD without ACE, 21 women with ACE but no current or lifetime MDD and 36 healthy women without either MDD or ACE...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781778/glucose-metabolism-before-and-after-radioiodine-therapy-of-a-patient-with-graves-disease-assessment-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#4
Yun Hu, Gu Gao, Reng-Na Yan, Feng-Fei Li, Xiao-Fei Su, Jian-Hua Ma
Hyperthyroidism causes impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance (IR) and insulin secretion. However, the glucose variability affected by thyroid dysfunction remains unclear. Glucose variability was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in a non-diabetic patient with Graves' disease (GD), to the best of our knowledge, for the first time. A 28-year-old man with GD, who had been taking methimazole for 4 years, was treated with radioiodine on August 17th 2016. Although the patient exhibited normal glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c; 5...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764219/teneligliptin-in-early-diabetic-kidney-disease-an-observation-in-asian-indian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-real-life-scenario
#5
Kiran Shah
INTRODUCTION: Teneligliptin is a recently developed Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitor. Teneligliptin is suitable for glycaemic control with renal impairment including end stage renal disease. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of teneligliptin in Asian Indian patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with early Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single centre, retrospective analysis of patients with early DKD, who received teneligliptin 20 mg once daily for 24 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750220/effects-of-medicinal-food-plants-on-impaired-glucose-tolerance-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
A Demmers, H Korthout, F S van Etten-Jamaludin, F Kortekaas, J M Maaskant
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to assess available scientific data on the efficacy and safety of medicinal food plants for the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a minimum follow-up period of 6weeks. The diagnosis was determined by fasting plasma glucose values after two-hour oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT). Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated bias...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743061/circulating-ctrp9-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-and-correlated-with-insulin-resistance
#7
Yanjun Jia, Xiaohe Luo, Ying Ji, Jingwen Xie, Han Jiang, Mao Fu, Xiaoqiang Li
AIMS: C1q/TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9) is a novel adipokine that has been shown to promote lipid metabolism, enhance insulin sensitivity and protect against cardiovascular disease. However, previous studies in humans have produced controversial results regarding the association between CTRP9 and insulin resistance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationships between CTRP9 and insulin resistance in Chinese population. METHODS: Subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n=108), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, n=92), and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (nT2DM, n=106) were recruited to determining the circulating CTRP9 and adiponectin levels by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743060/glucose-fluctuation-and-the-resultant-endothelial-injury-are-correlated-with-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Makoto Murata, Hitoshi Adachi, Shigeru Oshima, Masahiko Kurabayashi
AIMS: We evaluated whether glucose fluctuation (GF) causes vascular endothelial injury and affects glucometabolic factors during lengthy oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS: We enrolled consecutive 116 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who were performed coronary angiography and 4-h OGTT. Blood samples were collected before and 4h after glucose load to measure endothelial injury factor [von Willebrand factor (vWF) and vWF/a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 13 (ADAMTS-13) ratio]...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729474/trilateral-overlap-of-tuberculosis-diabetes-and-hiv-1-in-a-high-burden-african-setting-implications-for-tb-control
#9
Tolu Oni, Natacha Berkowitz, Mmamapudi Kubjane, Rene Goliath, Naomi S Levitt, Robert J Wilkinson
The diabetes mellitus burden is growing in countries where tuberculosis (TB) and HIV-1 remain major challenges, threatening TB control efforts. This study determined the association between TB and diabetes/impaired glucose regulation in the context of HIV-1.A cross-sectional study was conducted at a TB clinic in Cape Town (South Africa). Participants were screened for diabetes and impaired glucose regulation using fasting plasma glucose, oral glucose tolerance test and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c).414 TB and 438 non-TB participants were enrolled...
July 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720876/not-performing-an-ogtt-results-in-significant-underdiagnosis-of-pre-diabetes-in-a-high-risk-adult-caucasian-population
#10
A S Meijnikman, C E M De Block, E Dirinck, A Verrijken, I Mertens, B Corthouts, L F Van Gaal
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is known to be underdiagnosed. Tests for diagnosis include fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and HbA1c. HbA1c can be tested in non-fasting conditions. Therefore, general practitioners almost no longer execute OGTT's. We evaluated the performance of OGTT versus HbA1c in a population consisting of overweight and obese subjects, which can be considered a 'high risk' population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 1241 overweight and obese subjects without a history of diabetes (Male/Female: 375/866, age 44±13 y, Body Mass Index 38...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704534/short-term-variation-in-ntprobnp-after-lifestyle-intervention-in-severe-obesity
#11
Debora Fedele, Virginia Bicchiega, Alessandro Collo, Federica Barutta, Erika Pistone, Gabriella Gruden, Graziella Bruno
AIM: Natriuretic peptides are not only involved in cardiovascular adaption to various conditions, but also in metabolic diseases. We performed this study to assess the effect of a very short time of lifestyle inpatient intervention on NTproBNP values in normotensive subjects with severe obesity and normal cardiac function. METHODS: We recruited 14 consecutive obese normotensive subjects with normal cardiac function who were aged 30 years and more and were referred to inpatient rehabilitation in an academic clinic over a two months period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676377/is-there-a-connection-between-postprandial-hyperglycemia-and-igt-related-sensory-nerve-dysfunction
#12
N Németh, Z Putz, I Istenes, A E Körei, O E Vági, M Kempler, R Gandhi, G Jermendy, S Tesfaye, Á G Tabák, P Kempler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the risk factors for sensory nerve dysfunction in subjects with isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-two people with isolated IGT (WHO 1999 criteria) and 39 gender and age-matched healthy volunteers underwent detailed clinical and neurological assessment including quantitative sensory testing using the Neurometer device (current perception threshold measurement on four limbs at three different frequencies)...
May 11, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669071/effects-of-canagliflozin-an-sglt2-inhibitor-on-hepatic-function-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-pooled-and-subgroup-analyses-of-clinical-trials
#13
Yuya Seko, Yoshio Sumida, Kazuyo Sasaki, Yoshito Itoh, Hiroaki Iijima, Toshio Hashimoto, Shinichi Ishii, Nobuya Inagaki
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of canagliflozin (based on its effect on liver function and blood glucose levels) and its safety in high alanine aminotransferase (ALT) patients (ALT >30 U/L). METHODS: This post hoc analysis of canagliflozin in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients was divided into Study 1 (pooled analysis of 12- and 24-week placebo-controlled, monotherapy studies) and Study 2 (52-week monotherapy/combination therapy study)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659867/increased-short-term-beat-to-beat-qt-interval-variability-in-patients-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance
#14
Andrea Orosz, István Baczkó, Szabolcs Nyiraty, Anna E Körei, Zsuzsanna Putz, Róbert Takács, Attila Nemes, Tamás T Várkonyi, László Balogh, György Ábrahám, Péter Kempler, Julius Gy Papp, András Varró, Csaba Lengyel
Prediabetic states and diabetes are important risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Determination of short-term QT interval variability (STVQT) is a non-invasive method for assessment of proarrhythmic risk. The aim of the study was to evaluate the STVQT in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). 18 IGT patients [age: 63 ± 11 years, body mass index (BMI): 31 ± 6 kg/m(2), fasting glucose: 6.0 ± 0.4 mmol/l, 120 min postload glucose: 9.0 ± 1.0 mmol/l, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c): 5...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659162/acupuncture-paired-with-herbal-medicine-for-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Xinger Li, Haiyan Liu, Huiping Feng, Zhongren Xian, Yanhong Chen, Jianping Chen, Chunzhi Tang, Xinsheng Lai, Xiaoling Lan, Huanzhen Huang, Dongdong Yu
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes has become a major disease and is known to seriously impair people's health worldwide. Prediabetes includes impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and is the most critical period for preventing type-2 diabetes, as it can be identified and reversed. Studies in the past decade have indicated that acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine may be beneficial for treating prediabetes. However, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) should be conducted to obtain more clinical evidence on this topic...
June 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629388/the-albumin-exendin-4-recombinant-protein-e2hsa-improves-glycemic-control-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-spontaneous-diabetic-kkay-mice
#16
Caina Li, Shaocong Hou, Shuainan Liu, Yi Huan, Sujuan Sun, Quan Liu, Zhufang Shen
BACKGROUND: E2HSA is a genetic fusion protein that consists of two tandem exendin-4 molecules that are covalently bonded to recombinant human serum albumin via a peptide linker. Previous studies have demonstrated that E2HSA significantly decreased blood glucose levels, improved β-cell function and promoted β-cell proliferation in diabetic db/dB mice. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of E2HSA on glucose and lipid metabolism in a spontaneous diabetes animal model, KKAy mice. METHODS: E2HSA was acutely administered at doses of 1, 3 and 9 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection in diabetic KKAy mice with exendin-4 (2 μg/kg) as a positive reference, and then the non-fasting blood glucose and food intake levels were dynamically monitored...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598101/-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-functions-measured-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-han-chinese-with-varied-degree-of-glucose-tolerance
#17
Yu Yue, Hua He, Xiao-Jie Yang, Xiagn-Xun Zhang, Da-Wei Chen, Chun Wang, Guan-Jian Liu, Xing-Wu Ran
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pancreatic β-cell functions of Han people between those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT),prediabetes (PD),and newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (NDDM), and to evaluate the value of the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in determining β-cell functions. METHODS: A total of 169 volunteers of Han people (20-75 years old, 72 male and 97 female) without diagnosed diabetes were given 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin release tests...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592603/chronic-fructose-substitution-for-glucose-or-sucrose-in-food-or-beverages-has-little-effect-on-fasting-blood-glucose-insulin-or-triglycerides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca A Evans, Michael Frese, Julio Romero, Judy H Cunningham, Kerry E Mills
Background: Conflicting evidence exists on the role of long-term fructose consumption on health. No systematic review has addressed the effect of isoenergetic fructose replacement of other sugars and its effect on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose, insulin, and triglycerides.Objective: The objective of this study was to review the evidence for a reduction in fasting glycemic and insulinemic markers after chronic, isoenergetic replacement of glucose or sucrose in foods or beverages by fructose...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577364/factors-associated-with-impaired-color-vision-without-retinopathy-amongst-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
N C Tan, W F Yip, S Kallakuri, U Sankari, Y L E Koh
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may develop color vision impairment. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with impaired color vision in patients with T2DM but without diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Enrolment criteria included multi-ethnic Asian participants, age 21 to 80 years, with known T2DM for a minimum of 2 years. Their diagnoses were affirmed from oral glucose tolerance test results and they were screened for impaired color vision using the Farnsworth D-15 instrument...
June 2, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577138/elevated-1-h-post-challenge-plasma-glucose-levels-in-subjects-with-normal-glucose-tolerance-or-impaired-glucose-tolerance-are-associated-with-whole-blood-viscosity
#20
Maria Adelaide Marini, Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Francesco Andreozzi, Gaia Chiara Mannino, Maria Perticone, Angela Sciacqua, Francesco Perticone, Giorgio Sesti
AIM: It has been suggested that glucose levels ≥155 mg/dl at 1-h during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may predict development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events among adults with normal glucose tolerance (NGT 1 h-high). Studies showed a link between increased blood viscosity and type 2 diabetes. However, whether blood viscosity is associated with dysglycemic conditions such as NGT 1 h-high, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is unsettled...
June 2, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
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