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Impaired glucose tolerance. Hba1c

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326749/a-case-of-autoimmune-polyendocrine-syndrome-type-i-with-strong-positive-gad-antibody-titer-followed-up-with-glucose-tolerance-measured-by-oral-glucose-tolerance-test
#1
(no author information available yet)
A 26-year-old Japanese woman presented with adrenal insufficiency, and treatment was started with cortisone and fludrocortisone in 1975. A few years later, she presented with hypoparathyroidism and was diagnosed with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS I), and treatment with calcium and alfacalcidol was started. She was found to have subacute thyroiditis and relative adrenal failure in 2006. Her condition remained stable under treatment with cortisone, fludrocortisone, levothyroxine, calcium lactate, precipitated calcium carbonate and alfacalcidol...
January 22, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323915/insulin-igf-1-and-gh-receptors-are-altered-in-an-adipose-tissue-depot-specific-manner-in-male-mice-with-modified-gh-action
#2
Rikke Hjortebjerg, Darlene E Berryman, Ross Comisford, Stuart J Frank, Edward O List, Mette Bjerre, Jan Frystyk, John J Kopchick
Growth hormone (GH) is an important determinant of glucose homeostasis and adipose tissue (AT) function. Using seven-month-old bovine GH transgenic (bGH) mice and GH receptor knockout (GHR-/-) mice, we examined whether changes in GH action affect glucose, insulin, and pyruvate tolerance and AT expression patterns of proteins involved in the interrelated signaling pathways of GH, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and insulin. Furthermore, we searched for AT depot-specific differences in control mice that may explain why GH effects depend on AT location...
February 27, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290602/ajs1669-a-novel-small-molecule-muscle-glycogen-synthase-activator-improves-glucose-metabolism-and-reduces-body-fat-mass-in-mice
#3
Kazuhiro Nakano, Sen Takeshita, Noriko Kawasaki, Wataru Miyanaga, Yoriko Okamatsu, Mizuki Dohi, Tadakiyo Nakagawa
Impaired glycogen synthesis and turnover are common in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. As glycogen synthase (GS) is a key enzyme involved in the synthetic process, it presents a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we identified a novel, potent and orally available GS activator AJS1669 {sodium 2-[[5-[[4-(4,5-difluoro-2-methylsulfanyl-phenyl)phenoxy] methyl]furan-2-carbonyl]-(2-furylmethyl)amino] acetate}. In vitro, we performed a glycogen synthase 1 (GYS1) activation assay for screening GS activators and identified that the activity of AJS1669 was further potentiated in the presence of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270897/determinants-of-glycated-hemoglobin-in-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-subanalysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-prevention-program
#4
Naoki Sakane, Juichi Sato, Kazuyo Tsushita, Satoru Tsujii, Kazuhiko Kotani, Makoto Tominaga, Shoji Kawazu, Yuzo Sato, Takeshi Usui, Isao Kamae, Toshihide Yoshida, Yutaka Kiyohara, Shigeaki Sato, Kokoro Tsuzaki, Shinsuke Nirengi, Kaoru Takahashi, Hideshi Kuzuya, Jdpp Research Group
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about the relationship of lifestyle factors with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. The aim of study was to identify such determinant factors of HbA1c in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 121 men and 124 women with impaired glucose tolerance, who were diagnosed based on a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Demographic and biochemical parameters, including the body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h post-load glucose (2-h PG), and HbA1c, were measured...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260455/triplet-pregnancy-in-a-diabetic-mother-with-kidney-transplant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Tarek Mahmoud, Khalida Mujaibel, Hosam Attia, Zakaria Zakaria, Jude Yagan, Osama Gheith, Medhat Abdel Halim, Prasad Nair, Torki Al-Otaibi
Triplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies can carry increased fetal and maternal complications. Reports of triplet pregnancies after kidney transplant are scarce and have been associated with perinatal complications. Presence of diabetes in such cases worsens both fetal and maternal outcomes. Here, we present a triplet pregnancy in a kidney transplant recipient with diabetes. We also reviewed the literature for causes, prevalence, and outcomes in association with chronic kidney disease, kidney transplant, and diabetes mellitus...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217514/high-incidence-of-abnormal-glucose-metabolism-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-at-a-moderate-altitude-a-sub-himalayan-study
#6
Jitender Mokta, Subash Kumar, Neeraj Ganju, Kiran Mokta, Prashant Kumar Panda, Swatantra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose metabolic status at admission is an important marker of future cardiovascular events and long-term mortality after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), whether or not they are known diabetics. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to study the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in ACS patients and to compare the different methods of diagnosing diabetes in ACS patients. METHODS: We did a prospective study. About 250 consecutive nondiabetic patients (200 men and 50 women) with ACS admitted to a tertiary care institute of Himachal Pradesh in 1 year were enrolled...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203358/the-renal-effects-of-sglt2-inhibitors-and-a-mini-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Vasileios Andrianesis, Spyridoula Glykofridi, John Doupis
Sodium-glucose linked transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new and promising class of antidiabetic agents which target renal tubular glucose reabsorption. Their action is based on the blockage of SGLT2 sodium-glucose cotransporters that are located at the luminal membrane of tubular cells of the proximal convoluted tubule, inducing glucosuria. It has been proven that they significantly reduce glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), along with fasting and postprandial plasma glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178143/healthy-lifestyle-and-normal-waist-circumference-are-associated-with-a-lower-5-year-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-results-from-the-healthy-aging-longitudinal-study-in-taiwan-halst
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chu-Chih Chen, Kiang Liu, Chih-Chen Hsu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Hsiao-Chun Chung, Jih-Shin Liu, Yo-Hann Liu, Tsung-Lung Tsai, Wen-Jin Liaw, I-Ching Lin, Hsi-Wen Wu, Chung-Chou Juan, Hou-Chang Chiu, Marion M Lee, Chao A Hsiung
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to be closely associated with lifestyle and obesity and has a prevalence that increases with age. This study aimed to assess the short-term composite effect of diet, physical activity, psychosocial health, and waist circumference (WC) on the incidence of DM in the elderly and to provide a lifestyle-based predictive index.We used baseline measurements (2009-2013) of 5349 community-dwelling participants (aged 55 years and older, 52% female) of the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study in Taiwan (HALST) for fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C, serum cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressures, WC, and outcomes of home-visit questionnaire...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123936/metabolomic-profiling-identifies-potential-pathways-involved-in-the-interaction-of-iron-homeostasis-with-glucose-metabolism
#9
Lars Stechemesser, Sebastian K Eder, Andrej Wagner, Wolfgang Patsch, Alexandra Feldman, Michael Strasser, Simon Auer, David Niederseer, Ursula Huber-Schönauer, Bernhard Paulweber, Stephan Zandanell, Sandra Ruhaltinger, Daniel Weghuber, Elisabeth Haschke-Becher, Christoph Grabmer, Eva Rohde, Christian Datz, Thomas K Felder, Elmar Aigner
OBJECTIVE: Elevated serum ferritin has been linked to type 2 diabetes (T2D) and adverse health outcomes in subjects with the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). As the mechanisms underlying the negative impact of excess iron have so far remained elusive, we aimed to identify potential links between iron homeostasis and metabolic pathways. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, data were obtained from 163 patients, allocated to one of three groups: (1) lean, healthy controls (n = 53), (2) MetS without hyperferritinemia (n = 54) and (3) MetS with hyperferritinemia (n = 56)...
January 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120261/atorvastatin-decreased-circulating-rantes-levels-in-impaired-glucose-tolerance-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia-an-interventional-study
#10
Xiaomeng Feng, Xia Gao, Yumei Jia, Heng Zhang, Yuan Xu
INTRODUCTION: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is the major cause of the development of both type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis. Regulated upon activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted (RANTES), a proinflammatory chemokine, is associated with atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of atorvastatin on circulating RANTES in IGT patients with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: This study evaluated cross-sectional and interventional studies of 32 IGT patients with hypercholesterolemia (group A) and 32 controls (group B)...
January 24, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097367/impaired-glucose-homeostasis-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Toby Pillinger, Katherine Beck, Cristian Gobjila, Jacek G Donocik, Sameer Jauhar, Oliver D Howes
Importance: Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. However, it is not clear whether schizophrenia confers an inherent risk for glucose dysregulation in the absence of the effects of chronic illness and long-term treatment. Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis examining whether individuals with first-episode schizophrenia already exhibit alterations in glucose homeostasis compared with controls. Data Sources: The EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for studies examining measures of glucose homeostasis in antipsychotic-naive individuals with first-episode schizophrenia compared with individuals serving as controls...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073124/the-effects-of-blood-glucose-regulation-in-omentin-1-levels-among-diabetic-patients
#12
Yucel Arman, Kerem Kirna, Bilal Ugurlukisi, Orkide Kutlu, Okan Dikker, Eylem Ozgun Cil, Murat Akarsu, Mustafa Ozcan, Gulden Yuruyen, Pinar Demir, Ozgur Altun, Ekmel Burak Ozsenel, Mustafa Genco Erdem, Riza Sandikci, Tufan Tukek
Objectives: Omentin-1, an adipocytokine that increases the insulin sensitivity, has been determined to be reduced in patients with insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, and Type-2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we have investigated the alterations in Omentin-1 levels with the blood glucose regulation in diabetic patients having poor glycemic control. By this way, we aimed to determine the role of Omentin-1 as a marker in follow-up and monitoring progression of diabetes. Methods: Totally 58 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, older than 18 years of age who were having poor glycemic control (HbA1c≥9) were included in this study...
January 10, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024276/effect-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-glucose-regulation-among-adults-without-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Xuanping Zhang, Giuseppina Imperatore, William Thomas, Yiling J Cheng, Felipe Lobelo, Keri Norris, Heather M Devlin, Mohammed K Ali, Stephanie Gruss, Barbara Bardenheier, Pyone Cho, Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Uma Mudaliar, Jinan Saaddine, Linda S Geiss, Edward W Gregg
This study systematically assessed the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on glycemic indicators among adults (⩾18years) without IGT or diabetes. Randomized controlled trials using physical activity (PA), diet (D), or their combined strategies (PA+D) with follow-up ⩾12months were systematically searched from multiple electronic-databases between inception and May 4, 2016. Outcome measures included fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin (FI), homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and bodyweight...
January 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019072/efficacy-safety-and-albuminuria-reducing-effect-of-gemigliptin-in-korean-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-renal-impairment-a-12-week-double-blind-randomized-study-the-guard-study
#14
Sun A Yoon, Byoung G Han, Sung G Kim, Sang Y Han, Young I Jo, Kyung H Jeong, Kook H Oh, Hyeong C Park, Sun H Park, Shin W Kang, Ki R Na, Sun W Kang, Nam H Kim, Young H Jang, Seong H Shin, Dae R Cha
AIMS: This multicentre, randomized, double-blind study investigated the efficacy and safety of gemigliptin in Korean type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with moderate to severe renal impairment (RI). METHODS: The study comprised a 12-week main part and a 40-week extension. We report here the results from the main part. In total, 132 patients were randomized to receive gemigliptin (n = 66) or placebo (n = 66). Changes in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c; primary endpoint), other glycaemic control parameters (fasting plasma glucose, glycated albumin and fructosamine), lipid profiles, renal function parameters and safety profiles were evaluated...
December 25, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986405/an-elevated-1-h-post-load-glucose-level-during-the-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-detects-prediabetes
#15
Martin Buysschaert, Michael Bergman, Donald Yanogo, Ram Jagannathan, Benoit Buysschaert, Vanessa Preumont
AIM: The objective of the study was to compare the diagnosis of dysglycemic states by conventional oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) criteria (fasting and 2-h plasma glucose) with the 1-h post-load plasma glucose level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 34 individuals (mean age: 55±13years; BMI: 27.7±6.3kg/m(2)) at risk for prediabetes were administered a 75g OGTT. Individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) or prediabetes were identified according to fasting and/or 2-h plasma glucose (PG) concentrations...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917464/relation-of-dysglycemia-to-structural-brain-changes-in-a-multiethnic-elderly-cohort
#16
Christiane Reitz, Vanessa A Guzman, Atul Narkhede, Charles DeCarli, Adam M Brickman, José A Luchsinger
OBJECTIVES: Abnormally high glucose levels (dysglycemia) increase with age. Epidemiological studies suggest that dysglycemia is a risk factor for cognitive impairment but the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the relation of dysglycemia clinical categories (normal glucose tolerance (NGT), pre-diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, known diabetes) with brain structure in older adults. We also assessed the relation between dysglycemia and cognitive performance...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894750/risk-factors-for-autonomic-and-somatic-nerve-dysfunction-in-different-stages-of-glucose-tolerance
#17
Rumyana Dimova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Velina Guergueltcheva, Ivailo Tournev, Nevena Chakarova, Greta Grozeva, Lilia Dakovska
AIM: The present study evaluates autonomic and somatic nerve function in different stages of glucose tolerance and its correlation with different cardio-metabolic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred seventy-eight subjects, mean age 49.3±13.7years and mean BMI 31.0±6.2kg/m2, divided according to glucose tolerance: 130 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 227 with prediabetes (125 with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and 102 with isolated impaired glucose tolerance (iIGT)), and 121 with newly-diagnosed T2D (NDT2D), were enrolled...
March 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884155/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-lcpufas-and-nordihydroguaiaretic-acid-ndga-modulate-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-a-spontaneous-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-model-stillman-salgado-rats
#18
Alejandro Dain, Gaston Repossi, Gustavo T Diaz-Gerevini, Jairam Vanamala, Undurti N Das, Aldo R Eynard
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex disease with alterations in metabolic and inflammatory markers. Stillman Salgado rats (eSS) spontaneously develop type 2 DM by middle age showing progressive impairment of glucose tolerance with hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hyperinsulinemia. We analyzed the effects of supplementation of ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with or without nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) added, an antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitor, on metabolic and inflammatory parameters in eSS rats to evaluate whether they can delay development and/or prevent progression of DM...
November 25, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881363/association-between-prediabetes-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Yuli Huang, Xiaoyan Cai, Weiyi Mai, Meijun Li, Yunzhao Hu
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate associations between different definitions of prediabetes and the risk of cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality. DESIGN:  Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. DATA SOURCES:  Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar). SELECTION CRITERIA:  Prospective cohort studies from general populations were included for meta-analysis if they reported adjusted relative risks with 95% confidence intervals for associations between the risk of composite cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, all cause mortality, and prediabetes...
November 23, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873429/low-association-between-fasting-and-ogtt-stimulated-glucose-levels-with-hba1c-in-overweight-children-and-adolescents
#20
Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand, Antje Körner, Roland Schweizer, Klaus-Peter Liesenkötter, Carl-Joachim Partsch, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ulrike Spielau, Christian Denzer, Michael B Ranke, Andreas Neu, Gerhard Binder, Martin Wabitsch, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and prediabetes are defined based on different methods such as fasting glucose, glucose at 2-hour in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). These parameters probably describe different deteriorations in glucose metabolism limiting the exchange between each other in definitions of diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between OGTT and HbA1c in overweight and obese children and adolescents living in Germany...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
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