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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449388/unobserved-health-care-expenditures-how-important-is-censoring-in-register-data
#1
Christian Philipp Rudolf Schmid
Accurate information on individuals' health service use is important for evaluating health policies and analyzing health care demand. Although register data are considered to be more reliable than survey data, little is known about the extent and effect of censoring of the expenditure distribution in register data. We exploit a recent change in the health provider remuneration system in several Swiss cantons to empirically investigate whether censoring occurs when individuals do not have to disclose their health service use below their deductible level...
April 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449332/behavioural-disinhibition-in-the-general-population-during-the-antiretroviral-therapy-roll-out-in-sub-saharan-africa-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Eva M Legemate, Jan A C Hontelez, Caspar W N Looman, Sake J De Vlas
OBJECTIVES: Improved life expectancy and reduced transmission probabilities due to ART may result in behavioural disinhibition - i.e. an increase in sexual risk behaviour in response to a perceived lower risk of HIV. We examined trends in sexual risk behaviour in the general population of sub-Saharan African countries 1999 - 2015. METHODS: We systematically reviewed scientific literature of sexual behaviour, and reviewed trends in Demographic and Health Surveys...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449319/comparison-of-administrative-and-survey-data-for-estimating-vitamin-a-supplementation-and-deworming-coverage-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Amynah Janmohamed, David Doledec
OBJECTIVE: To compare administrative coverage data to results from household coverage surveys for vitamin A supplementation (VAS) and deworming campaigns conducted during 2010-2015 in 12 African countries. METHODS: Paired t-tests examined differences between administrative and survey coverage for 52 VAS and 34 deworming dyads. Independent t-tests measured VAS and deworming coverage differences between data sources for door-to-door and fixed-site delivery strategies and VAS coverage differences between 6 to 11 and 12 to 59-month age groups...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449318/screening-diagnosis-and-management-of-human-cysticercosis-and-t-solium-taeniasis-technical-recommendations-by-the-cohemi-project-study-group
#4
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Maurizio Bonati, Marianne Strohmeyer, Marco Albonico, Ana Requena-Méndez, Zeno Bisoffi, Alessandra Nicoletti, Hector H García, Alessandro Bartoloni
Neurocysticercosis, the central nervous system's localized form of cysticercosis, is considered to be the leading cause of epilepsy in the developing world. In Europe, the disease mainly imported and affects both immigrants and travellers. However, autochthonous cases of cysticercosis in low-endemic countries could also originate from T. solium carriers (migrants or travellers) who acquired taeniasis overseas. Management of cysticercosis is a challenge for European healthcare providers since they are often hardly aware of this infection and have little familiarity in managing this disease...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449308/a-qualitative-study-of-the-knowledge-behaviour-and-attitudes-of-patients-with-skin-cancer-regarding-sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d
#5
D Rutkowski, M D Farrar, J E Osman, A R Webb, L E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Solar UVR is a major cause of skin cancer but also an important source of vitamin D (VitD), essential for musculoskeletal health. Conflicting public health messages may confuse skin cancer patients prone to further skin cancer. OBJECTIVE: To explore the knowledge, behaviour and attitudes of skin cancer patients to sunlight exposure and VitD sources. METHODS: Patients (n=10) previously treated for multiple basal cell cancer in a hospital setting, participated in focus group sessions with semi-structured discussions to explore: knowledge of VitD, sun-avoidance behaviour, and attitude towards sunlight exposure messages...
April 27, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#6
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#7
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449275/public-perception-of-dermatology-and-dermatologists-in-italy-results-from-a-population-based-national-survey
#8
P Gisondi, G Deangelis, G Venturelli, G Girolomoni
INTRODUCTION: The public perception of Dermatology and dermatologists may be very relevant in guiding strategies for improving dermatologic care but it has been poorly investigated in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public's perception of Dermatology and dermatologists in Italy. METHODS: A representative sampling of Italian adults (n=1500, aged 18-70 years), residing throughout the national territory was interviewed through a population-based telephone survey using a structured questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449270/strong-association-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-serum-lipoprotein-subclass-pattern-in-prepubertal-healthy-children
#9
Geir Kåre Resaland, Tarja Rajalahti, Eivind Aadland, Olav Martin Kvalheim
AIM: To reveal the lipoprotein subclass pattern associated to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in healthy children. METHODS: Serum concentrations of lipoprotein subclasses and concentrations and average particle size of their main classes were quantified in 94 ethnic Norwegian children using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Twenty-four lipoprotein features were used as input to multivariate regression analysis with CRF measured either as peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) using a continuous treadmill protocol or indirectly by the 10 minute Andersen intermittent running field test...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449238/exposure-response-relationship-of-neighbourhood-sanitation-and-children-s-diarrhea
#10
Youngmee Tiffany Jung, Wendy Lou, Yu-Ling Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of neighbourhood sanitation coverage with under-five children's diarrheal morbidity, and to evaluate its exposure-response relationship. METHODS: We used the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of 29 developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, conducted between 2010 and 2014. The primary outcome was 2-week incidence of diarrhea in children under 5 years of age (N=300426). We conducted three-level logistic regression analyses and applied cubic splines to assess the trend between neighbourhood-level coverage of improved household sanitation and diarrheal morbidity...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449221/assessment-of-sun-protective-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-australian-medical-students
#11
A J Scott, V Harris, A Lee, S D Smith
Skin cancer is a major public health concern in Australia and around the world, and UV radiation exposure is accepted as the most readily modifiable risk factor for the disease(1) . The attitudes and behaviours of young adults towards sun protection play an important role in their future risk of skin cancer, and are thus an important target for sun-safety messaging. A cross-sectional study aiming to investigate the sun-protective behaviours and attitudes of Australian medical students during both everyday outdoor activities and while travelling for leisure was conducted via an online questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449198/systematic-review-of-sex-work-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-examining-combination-prevention-approaches
#12
George Awungafac, Therese Delvaux, Bea Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections is disproportionately high among sex workers (SW). We aimed to update the evidence on the effectiveness of SW interventions in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide more insights into combination prevention. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines in a search of PUBMED and POPLINE for peer-reviewed literature published between January 1, 2000 and July 22, 2016 (registration number on PROSPERO: CRD42016042529)...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449128/comprehensive-ryan-white-assistance-and-hiv-clinical-outcomes-retention-in-care-and-viral-suppression-in-a-medicaid-non-expansion-state
#13
Karen L Diepstra, Anne G Rhodes, Rose S Bono, Sonam Patel, Lauren E Yerkes, April D Kimmel
Background: Knowledge gaps remain about how the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RW) contributes to health outcomes. We examined the association between different RW service classes and retention in care (RiC) or viral suppression (VS). Methods: We identified Virginians engaged in any HIV care, January 1-December 31, 2014. RW beneficiaries were classified by receipt of ≥1 service from three classes: Core medical, Support and insurance and/or direct medication assistance through the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449064/using-the-modified-magee-equation-to-identify-patients-unlikely-to-benefit-from-the-21-gene-recurrence-score-assay-oncotype-dx-assay
#14
Yanjun Hou, Gary Tozbikian, Debra L Zynger, Zaibo Li
Objectives: This study aimed to compare a modified Magee equation with Oncotype DX (Genomic Health, Redwood City, CA) recurrence score (RS) and identify patients who are unlikely to benefit from Oncotype DX. Methods: Magee equation RS was calculated in 438 cases and correlated with Oncotype DX RS. Results: The Pearson correlation coefficient ( r ) for the Magee equation and Oncotype DX RS was 0.6645 ( P  < .00001), and the overall agreement was 66...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#15
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449053/fresh-fruit-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#16
Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Timothy J Key, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Robin G Walters, Iona Y Millwood, Junshi Chen, Junzheng Wang, Xue Zhou, Le Fang, Yijun Li, Xianzhi Li, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: Higher fruit consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Substantial uncertainties remain, however, about the associations of fruit consumption with all-cause mortality and mortality from subtypes of CVD and major non-vascular diseases, especially in China. Methods: In 2004-08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank Study recruited > 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities in China. Fresh fruit consumption was estimated using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire, and mortality data were collected from death registries...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449049/professional-burnout-in-european-young-oncologists-results-of-the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-esmo-young-oncologists-committee-burnout-survey
#17
S Banerjee, R Califano, J Corral, E de Azambuja, L De Mattos-Arruda, V Guarneri, M Hutka, K Jordan, E Martinelli, G Mountzios, M A Ozturk, M Petrova, S Postel-Vinay, M Preusser, C Qvortrup, M N M Volkov, J Tabernero, D Olmos, M H Strijbos
Background: Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists ≤40 (YOs). Methods: A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with burnout...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449045/the-relationship-between-self-reported-health-status-and-signs-of-psychological-distress-within-european-urban-contexts
#18
Greg Williams, Francesco Di Nardo, Arpana Verma
Self-reported health status (SRHS) reflects an individual's perception of their social, biological and psychological health, and has been linked to increased mortality risk and increased use of health services. Having a psychological co-morbidity can reduce health outcomes and increase healthcare costs. This paper investigates the relationship between SRHS and signs of psychological distress (PD) in European urban settings. The study sample comprised 20 439 adult respondents to surveys conducted across 37 urban areas...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449030/spillover-effects-on-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#19
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Jaynal Abedin, David Berger, Ashley Clark, Veronica Jimenez, Eugene Konagaya, Diana Tran, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Stephen P Luby, Edward Miguel, John M Colford
Background: Many interventions delivered to improve health may benefit not only direct recipients but also people in close physical or social proximity. Our objective was to review all published literature about the spillover effects of interventions on health outcomes in low-middle income countries and to identify methods used in estimating these effects. Methods: We searched 19 electronic databases for articles published before 2014 and hand-searched titles from 2010 to 2013 in five relevant journals...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449018/accuracy-of-ethnicity-data-recorded-in-hospital-based-patient-clinical-records-and-the-australia-and-new-zealand-dialysis-and-transplant-registry
#20
Matthew Page, Emma H Wyeth, Ari Samaranayaka, Bronwen McNoe, Rachael Walker, John Schollum, Mark Marshall, Robert Walker, Sarah Derrett
AIM: Sustained health inequities are experienced by indigenous and minority populations. Accurate ethnicity data are fundamental to healthcare planning and provision and monitoring of health outcomes to address such inequities. This study investigated the accuracy of ethnicity data in a large clinical registry of end-stage kidney disease patients (the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry; ANZDATA) and hospital-based patient clinical records compared with self-reported ethnicity data collected in the 'Dialysis Outcomes in those aged ≥65 years' (DOS65+) study...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
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