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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332358/a-study-on-basic-demographic-and-disease-characteristics-of-cancer-diagnosed-syrian-refugees-treated-in-the-border-city-of-turkey-sanliurfa-a-hospital-based-retrospective-case-series-study
#1
Yasemin Bakkal Temi, Ali Murat Sedef, Serkan Gokcay, Hatice Coskun, Sedenay Oskeroglu Kaplan, Ozlem Ozkul, Huseyin Mertsoylu, Fatih Kose
PURPOSE: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332323/development-of-prediction-equation-of-diffusing-capacity-of-lung-for-koreans
#2
Yong Il Hwang, Yong Bum Park, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Seong Yong Lim, Tae Hyung Kim, Joo Hun Park, Won Yeon Lee, Seong Ju Park, Sei Won Lee, Woo Jin Kim, Ki Uk Kim, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Do Jin Kim, Hui Jung Kim, Tae Eun Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Jae Jeong Shim
BACKGROUND: The diffusing capacity of the lung is influenced by multiple factors such as age, sex, height, weight, ethnicity and smoking status. Although a prediction equation for the diffusing capacity of Korea was proposed in the mid-1980s, this equation is not used currently. The aim of this study was to develop a new prediction equation for the diffusing capacity for Koreans. METHODS: Using the data of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a total of 140 nonsmokers with normal chest X-rays were enrolled in this study...
January 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332316/how-do-i-implement-a-whole-blood-program-for-massively-bleeding-patients
#3
Mark H Yazer, Andrew P Cap, Philip C Spinella, Louis Alarcon, Darrell J Triulzi
Building on the successful military experience, interest has been rekindled in transfusing whole blood (WB) early in the resuscitation of traumatically injured civilians, often before their ABO group is known. WB efficiently provides treatment for shock and coagulopathy, as well as platelet hemostatic function, to patients losing large volumes of blood. Unlike group O uncrossmatched red blood cells (RBCs), group O WB contains a substantial amount of plasma, which is incompatible with the RBCs of all non-group O recipients...
January 14, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332004/host-agent-vector-environment-measures-for-electronic-cigarette-research-used-in-nih-grants
#4
Mary L Garcia-Cazarin, Rachel J Mandal, Rachel Grana, Kay L Wanke, Helen I Meissner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the focus and comprehensiveness of domains measured in e-cigarette research. METHODS: A portfolio analysis of National Institutes of Health grants focusing on e-cigarette research and funded between the fiscal years 2007 and 2015 was conducted. Grant proposals were retrieved using a government database and coded using the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment (HAVE) model as a framework to characterise the measures proposed...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331973/family-focused-practices-in-addictions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#6
Toula Kourgiantakis, Rachelle Ashcroft
INTRODUCTION: Families are significantly impacted by addictions and family involvement in treatment can reduce the harms and can also improve treatment entry, treatment completion and treatment outcomes for the individual coping with an addiction. Although the benefits of family-focused practices in addictions have been documented, services continue to have an individual focus and research on this topic is also limited. The objective of this study is to map the extent, range and nature of evidence available examining family interventions in addictions and identify gaps to guide future research, policy and practice...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331972/cohort-profile-the-comparative-outcomes-and-service-utilization-trends-coast-study-among-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-canada
#7
Oghenowede Eyawo, Mark W Hull, Kate Salters, Hasina Samji, Angela Cescon, Paul Sereda, Viviane D Lima, Bohdan Nosyk, David G T Whitehurst, Scott A Lear, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
PURPOSE: The Comparative Outcomes And Service Utilization Trends (COAST) Study in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was designed to evaluate the determinants of health outcomes and health care services use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age in the period following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The study also assesses how age-associated comorbidities and health care use among PLHIV may differ from those observed in the general population. PARTICIPANTS: COAST was established through a data linkage between two provincial data sources: The BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program, which centrally manages cART dispensation across BC and contains prospectively collected data on demographic, immunological, virological, cART use and other clinical information for all known PLHIV in BC; and Population Data BC, a provincial data repository that holds individual event-level, longitudinal data for all 4...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331971/a-study-protocol-for-a-non-randomised-comparison-trial-evaluating-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-cognitive-behavioural-programme-with-integrated-coaching-for-anxious-adults-in-primary-care
#8
Eva Szigethy, Francis Solano, Meredith Wallace, Dina L Perry, Lauren Morrell, Kathryn Scott, Megan Jones Bell, Megan Oser
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and subclinical GAD are highly prevalent in primary care. Unmanaged anxiety worsens quality of life in patients seen in primary care practices and leads to increased medical utilisation and costs. Programmes that teach patients cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques have been shown to improve anxiety and to prevent the evolution of anxiety symptoms to disorders, but access and engagement have hampered integration of CBT into medical settings...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331968/association-between-health-service-utilisation-of-internal-migrant-children-and-parents-acculturation-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Bo-Li Peng, Guan-Yang Zou, Wen Chen, Yan-Wei Lin, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health service utilisation of internal migrant children in Guangdong, China, and to explore the association between children's health service utilisation and their parents' acculturation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey between April and May 2016. SETTING: Six society-run schools of Tianhe and Baiyun districts in Guangzhou City of China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited all students at grade 7 or 8 and one of their parents who resided in Guangzhou over 6 months without permanent registered residence (hukou) in Guangzhou (1161 pairs completed this survey)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331890/deep-sequence-analysis-reveals-the-ovine-rumen-as-a-reservoir-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#10
Thomas C A Hitch, Ben J Thomas, Jessica C A Friedersdorff, Helen Ougham, Christopher J Creevey
Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly important environmental pollutant with direct consequences for human health. Identification of environmental sources of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) makes it possible to follow their evolution and prevent their entry into the clinical setting. ARGs have been found in environmental sources exogenous to the original source and previous studies have shown that these genes are capable of being transferred from livestock to humans. Due to the nature of farming and the slaughter of ruminants for food, humans interact with these animals in close proximity, and for this reason it is important to consider the risks to human health...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331849/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-health-determinants-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-malaysia
#11
Yong Kang Cheah, Mohd Azahadi, Siew Nooi Phang, Noor Hazilah Abd Manaf
Suicide has become a serious matter in both developed and developing countries. The objective of the present study is to examine the factors affecting suicidal behaviour among adults in Malaysia. A nationally representative data which consists of 10,141 respondents is used for analysis. A trivariate probit model is utilised to identify the probability of having suicide ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt. Results of the regression analysis show that to ensure unbiased estimates, a trivariate probit model should be used instead of three separate probit models...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331799/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study-a-cross-sectional-study-of-acute-respiratory-health-symptoms
#12
Melannie Alexander, Lawrence S Engel, Nathan Olaiya, Li Wang, John Barrett, Laura Weems, Erica G Schwartz, Jennifer A Rusiecki
INTRODUCTION: Over 8500 United States Coast Guard (USCG) personnel were deployed in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill; however, human respiratory effects as a result of spill-related exposures are relatively unknown. METHODS: USCG personnel who responded to the DWH oil spill were queried via survey on exposures to crude oil and oil dispersant, and acute respiratory symptoms experienced during deployment. Adjusted log binomial regressions were used to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), investigating the associations between oil spill exposures and respiratory symptoms...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331717/in%C3%A2-vitro-dermal-bioaccessibility-of-selected-metals-in-contaminated-soil-and-mine-tailings-and-human-health-risk-characterization
#13
Laura T Chaparro Leal, Mert Guney, Gerald J Zagury
Dermal exposure to contaminated sites has generally received less attention than oral/inhalation exposure due to limited exposure scenarios and less perceived potential for toxicity, however, the risk can be significant for specific contaminants and scenarios. The present study aims to (1) measure Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn contamination in soil and mine tailings samples (n = 7), (2) determine the dermal bioaccessibility of these metals via in vitro tests using two synthetic sweat formulations (EN 1811; NIHS 96-10), and (3) obtain dermal absorbed doses (DADs) for children's and adults' exposure scenarios and compare them to derived dermal reference values...
January 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331710/maternal-depression-and-suicide-at-immediate-prenatal-and-early-postpartum-periods-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#14
Peixia Shi, Hui Ren, Hong Li, Qin Dai
Maternal depression has been intensively explored; however, less attention has been paid to maternal suicide. No studies to date have observed maternal depression and suicide at immediate prenatal and early postpartum stages. In total, 213 Chinese women were recruited in hospitals after they were admitted for childbirth. All completed a short-term longitudinal survey at perinatal stages. Women reported lower depression scores (6.65) and higher suicidal ideation incidence (11.74%) after childbirth. Prenatal depression raised the possibility of prenatal suicidal ideation, while prenatal depression and suicidal ideation increased postpartum depression and suicidal ideation...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331694/distinctive-use-of-newer-and-older-antidepressants-in-major-geographical-areas-a-nationally-representative-register-based-study
#15
Jaana I Halonen, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Pekka Varje, Sami Pirkola, Ari Väänänen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether newer, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and older tricyclic antidepressants are used similarly regardless of the geographical area of residence and education. METHODS: We included four randomly sampled cohorts of the Finnish working aged population (n = 998,540-1,033,135). The sampling (Dec 31st in 1995, 2000, 2004 and 2010) resulted in non-overlapping time windows where each participant was followed up for four years for the first antidepressant use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331657/views-of-teenage-children-about-the-effects-of-a-parent-s-mobility-disability
#16
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331594/effects-of-physical-activity-on-the-symptoms-of-tourette-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#17
David D Kim, Darren E R Warburton, Nana Wu, Alasdair M Barr, William G Honer, Ric M Procyshyn
There is irrefutable evidence that routine physical activity or exercise can offer considerable health benefits to individuals living with various mental disorders. However, it is not clear what effect physical activity has on the symptoms of Tourette syndrome. Despite a paucity of evidence, physical activity or exercise has already been recommended by various health organizations for the management of tics. We provide a systematic review of the effects of physical activity or exercise on tic symptomology in individuals with Tourette syndrome...
December 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331526/valerate-production-by-megasphaera-elsdenii-isolated-from-pig-feces
#18
Shota Yoshikawa, Ryosuke Araoka, Yu Kajihara, Toshiyuki Ito, Hirokuni Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kodama
Megasphaera elsdenii is able to produce several short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, and valerate. These SCFAs serve as an energy source for host animals and play an important role in gut health. In this study, M. elsdenii was isolated from pig feces that had been collected from two farms located in distinct areas of Japan. These M. elsdenii isolates were genotyped, and 7 representative strains were selected. When these 7 strains and M. elsdenii JCM 1772T were cultured with lactate for 24 h, all 7 strains produced valerate as a predominant SCFA...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#19
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331355/contemporary-procedural-complications-hospitalizations-and-emergency-visits-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#20
James V Freeman, Grace H Tabada, Kristi Reynolds, Sue Hee Sung, Taylor I Liu, Nigel Gupta, Alan S Go
Contemporary data on complications and resource utilization after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation are limited. We evaluated rates and risk factors for procedural complication, rehospitalization, and emergency department visits after AF ablation. We identified all adult patients who underwent isolated AF ablation between 2010 and June 2014 in 2 large integrated health-care delivery systems and evaluated rates of acute inpatient complication, 30-day, and 1-year readmission and emergency evaluation. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of procedural complications, 30-day readmission, or 30-day emergency department evaluation...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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