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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#1
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923227/optimal-role-of-the-nephrologist-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#2
D J Askenazi, Michael Heung, Michael J Connor, Rajit K Basu, Jorge Cerdá, Kent Doi, Jay L Koyner, Azra Bihorac, Ladan Golestaneh, Anitha Vijayan, Mark D Okusa, Sarah Faubel
As advances in Critical Care Medicine continue, critically ill patients are surviving despite the severity of their illness. The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has increased, and its impact on clinical outcomes as well as medical expenditures has been established. The role, indications and technological advancements of renal replacement therapy (RRT) have evolved, allowing more effective therapies with less complications. With these changes, Critical Care Nephrology has become an established specialty, and ongoing collaborations between critical care physicians and nephrologist have improved education of multi-disciplinary team members and patient care in the ICU...
December 3, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923183/the-distal-consequences-of-physical-and-emotional-neglect-in-emerging-adults-a-person-centered-multi-wave-longitudinal-study
#3
Joseph R Cohen, Suvarna V Menon, Ryan C Shorey, Vi Donna Le, Jeff R Temple
Despite being the most prevalent form of child maltreatment, the correlates and consequences of neglect are poorly understood, particularly during early adulthood. The present multi-wave, longitudinal study sought to address this gap in this literature by examining physical and emotional neglect in emerging adults in a diverse community sample. 580 adolescents (AgeMean=18.25; AgeSD=0.59; 58.3% female; 31% Hispanic, 28.9% Caucasian; 26.2% African-American; 13.9% other) completed self-report measures for child maltreatment at baseline, and measures for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and substance use every year for three years...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923178/aplastic-anemia-and-risk-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Chun-Liang Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Shu-Ling Tzeng, Wei-Sheng Chung
OBJECTIVES: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) constitute venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is not fully known in aplastic anemia (AA). Therefore, we investigated the incidence and risk of VTE in AA patients. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study to investigate the risk of DVT and PE in patients with AA. We identified patients with newly diagnosed AA as the AA cohort between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
November 21, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923155/user-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-experimental-evidence-from-rural-tanzania
#5
Zachary Burt, Robert M Njee, Yolanda Mbatia, Veritas Msimbe, Joe Brown, Thomas F Clasen, Hamisi M Malebo, Isha Ray
Almost half of all deaths from drinking microbiologically unsafe water occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems, when consistently used, can provide safer drinking water and improve health. Social marketing to increase adoption and use of HWTS depends both on the prices of and preferences for these systems. This study included 556 households from rural Tanzania across two low-income districts with low-quality water sources. Over 9 months in 2012 and 2013, we experimentally evaluated consumer preferences for six "low-cost" HWTS options, including boiling, through an ordinal ranking protocol...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#6
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923090/association-between-end-of-rotation-resident-transition-in-care-and-mortality-among-hospitalized-patients
#7
Joshua L Denson, Ashley Jensen, Harry S Saag, Binhuan Wang, Yixin Fang, Leora I Horwitz, Laura Evans, Scott E Sherman
Importance: Shift-to-shift transitions in care among house staff are associated with adverse events. However, the association between end-of-rotation transition (in which care of the patient is transferred) and adverse events is uncertain. Objective: To examine the association of end-of-rotation house staff transitions with mortality among hospitalized patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective multicenter cohort study of patients admitted to internal medicine services (N = 230 701) at 10 university-affiliated US Veterans Health Administration hospitals (2008-2014)...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923012/using-mhealth-for-hiv-tb-treatment-support-in-lesotho-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-in-the-start-study
#8
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Amrita Daftary, Katharine A Yuengling, Suzue Saito, Moeketsi Ntoane, Koen Frederix, Llang B Maama, Andrea A Howard
BACKGROUND: mHealth is a promising means of supporting adherence to treatment. The Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study included real-time adherence support using short-text messaging service (SMS) text messaging and trained village health workers (VHWs). We describe the use and acceptability of mHealth by patients with HIV/tuberculosis and health care providers. METHODS: Patients and treatment supporters received automated, coded medication and appointment reminders at their preferred time and frequency, using their own phones, and $3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923007/health-communication-and-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#9
Sten H Vermund, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Lynn M Van Lith, Helen E Struthers
Health communication is a broad term that applies to the fundamental need for practitioners, policy makers, patients, and community members to understand one another around health promotion and health care issues. Whether in a consultation between nurse and patient, a health clinic director's engagement with the health ministry, or a community campaign for encouraging HIV testing, all have critical health communication elements. When people's needs are not perceived by them to be addressed or clients/patients do not understand what is being communicated, they are unmotivated to engage...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922990/robotically-assisted-thoracic-surgery-proposed-guidelines-for-privileging-and-credentialing
#10
Faiz Y Bhora, Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Sadiq S Rehmani, Craig M Forleiter, Wissam N Raad, Scott G Belsley
OBJECTIVE: Increased use of robotically assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) necessitates effective credentialing guidelines to ensure safe outcomes. We provide a stepwise algorithm for granting privileges and credentials in RATS. This algorithm reflects graduated responsibility and complexity of the surgical procedures performed. Furthermore, it takes into account volume, outcomes, surgeon's competency, and appropriateness of robot usage. METHODS: We performed a literature review for available strategies to grant privileges and credentials for implementing robotic surgery...
December 5, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922935/enhancing-memory-self-efficacy-during-menopause-through-a-group-memory-strategies-program
#11
Anne E Unkenstein, Bei Bei, Christina A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety about memory during menopause can affect quality of life. We aimed to improve memory self-efficacy during menopause using a group memory strategies program. METHODS: The program was run five times for a total of 32 peri- and postmenopausal women, age between 47 and 60 years, recruited from hospital menopause and gynecology clinics. The 4-week intervention consisted of weekly 2-hour sessions, and covered how memory works, memory changes related to ageing, health and lifestyle factors, and specific memory strategies...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#12
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922781/community-nurse-s-knowledge-confidence-and-experience-of-the-mental-capacity-act-in-practice
#13
Helen Marshall, Sally Sprung
The Mental Capacity Act (MCA) is statutory legislation introduced in 2007 to protect and empower people to make decisions for themselves and those who were deemed as unable to make choices would have decisions made on their behalf, often by health professionals. All health professionals must follow the guiding principles of this legislation. Yet a scrutiny report by the House of Lords concluded this legislation was under-used with a lack of knowledge among professionals regarding applying the legislation in practice...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922764/comparison-of-abuse-suspected-suicidal-intent-and-fatalities-related-to-the-7-day-buprenorphine-transdermal-patch-versus-other-opioid-analgesics-in-the-national-poison-data-system
#14
Paul M Coplan, Nelson E Sessler, Venkatesh Harikrishnan, Richa Singh, Charles Perkel
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid related abuse, suicide and death are significant public health problems. This study compares rates of poison center calls categorized as intentional abuse, suspected suicidal intent or fatality for the 7-day buprenorphine transdermal system/patch (BTDS) with other extended-release and long-acting (ER/LA) opioids indicated for chronic pain. DESIGN: Retrospective 24-month cohort study using National Poison Data System data from July 2012 through June 2014...
December 6, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922763/antimicrobial-resistance-in-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolated-from-human-and-poultry-related-samples-in-brazil-20-year-meta-analysis
#15
Daiane Voss-Rech, Luciana Potter, Clarissa Silveira Luiz Vaz, Daniela Isabel Brayer Pereira, Luís Antonio Sangioni, Águeda Castagna Vargas, Sônia de Avila Botton
Nontyphoidal Salmonella are one of the leading causes of foodborne diseases in the world. As poultry products are recognized as main sources of human salmonellosis, nontyphoidal Salmonella control has become a global issue for the poultry industry. The increasing antimicrobial resistance in poultry-related nontyphoidal Salmonella serovars is a global matter of concern. By monitoring the evolution of antimicrobial resistance, alternative treatments can be identified and possible restrictions in the treatment of systemic human salmonellosis foreseen...
December 6, 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922762/nonchemotherapy-drug-induced-agranulocytosis-in-children-detected-by-a-prospective-pharmacovigilance-program
#16
Nicolás Medrano-Casique, Hoi Y Tong, Alberto M Borobia, Antonio J Carcas, Jesús Frías, Elena Ramírez
OBJECTIVES: A prospective evaluation of nonchemotherapy drug-induced agranulocytosis (DIA) cases, which are infrequent in the pediatric population. We characterize agranulocytosis cases and assess lab test differences between drug- and nondrug-induced agranulocytosis. METHODS: Through our Prospective Pharmacovigilance Program from Laboratory Signals at Hospital we detected pediatric agranulocytosis cases from July 2007 to December 2010. This program estimates the incidence, drug causality, clinical features, outcomes of DIA pediatric cases, and assesses laboratory differences with respect to non-DIA...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922661/fin-tiera-a-tool-for-assessing-technology-induced-errors
#17
Sari Palojoki, Tuuli Pajunen, Lasse Lehtonen, Kaija Saranto
BACKGROUND: Due to the complexity of healthcare processes, the potential for Health Information Systems (HIS) to cause technology-induced errors is a growing concern. Health Information Technology (HIT) errors nearly always threaten good patient care and can lead to patient harm. Instruments to allow hospitals to proactively identify areas of Electronic Health Records (EHR) safety, to set priorities and to intervene before incidents occur are currently underdeveloped. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to design a Finnish questionnaire to measure EHR users' perceptions of common EHR-related safety concerns in a specialized hospital district context through the lens of the theory of socio-technical dimensions...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922656/wearable-therapy-detecting-information-from-wearables-and-mobiles-that-are-relevant-to-clinical-and-self-directed-therapy
#18
Bert Arnrich, Cem Ersoy, Oscar Mayora, Anind Dey, Nadia Berthouze, Kai Kunze
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial provides a brief introduction into the focus theme "Wearable Therapy". OBJECTIVES: The focus theme "Wearable Therapy" aims to present contributions which target wearable and mobile technologies to support clinical and self-directed therapy. METHODS: A call for papers was announced to all participants of the "9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare" and was published in November 2015...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922622/the-natural-course-of-spinal-cord-injury-changes-over-40-years-among-those-with-exceptional-survival
#19
J S Krause, J C Newman, J M R Clark, M Dunn
OBJECTIVES: To identify 40-year longitudinal changes in health, activity, employment, life satisfaction and self-rated adjustment after spinal cord injury. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, mailed self-report. METHODS: Participants were identified from outpatient records of a Midwestern USA university hospital in 1973. Follow-ups were conducted in 1984 and approximate 10-year intervals thereafter. A total of 49 participants completed each of the five assessments...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922579/srs-22r-scores-in-non-operated-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-with-curves-greater-than-forty-degrees
#20
W Timothy Ward, Nicole A Friel, Tanya S Kenkre, Maria M Brooks, Joanne A Londino, James W Roach
STUDY DESIGN: Case control comparative series OBJECTIVE.: Describe surgical range adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients electing to forgo surgery and compare health related quality of life outcomes to a similar cohort of operated AIS patients by the same single surgeon. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No data have been published either documenting SRS-22r scores of non-operated patients with curves ≥ 40° or comparing these scores to a demographically similar operated cohort...
December 2, 2016: Spine
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