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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214430/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-academic-service-partnerships-experiences-of-working-life-representatives-from-social-and-health-care-sectors
#1
Hanna-Leena Melender
Learning about how to develop and lead the implementation of evidence based practice (EBP) in services is an important part of the education of developers and managers for the social and health care sectors. In order to develop this teaching and to support the development of EBP in services, a Teaching Development Effort (TDE) was conducted by establishing academic service partnerships (ASPs) and connecting Master's students' assignments with them. The TDE was conducted as a part of a larger project whose main aims were to strengthen, develop and renew transfers of knowledge and competence between higher education institutions and workplaces, and to strive for a more multidisciplinary quality in workplace innovations...
February 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214374/a-systematic-review-of-known-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-non-hypovolaemic-hypotonic-hyponatraemia-and-a-meta-analysis-of-the-vaptans
#2
REVIEW
Sunil Bhandari, Alessandro Peri, Iain Cranston, Rachael McCool, Alison Shaw, Julie Glanville, Larisa Petrakova, Karl O'Reilly
International and national guidelines on the treatment of chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia differ; therefore we have undertaken this systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and safety of interventions for the treatment of chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia. Following registration of the review protocol with PROSPERO, systematic literature searches were conducted to identify randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials assessing any degree of fluid restriction or any drug treatment with the aim of increasing serum sodium concentration in patients with chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214371/the-risk-of-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempt-in-patients-with-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-or-ankylosing-spondylitis
#3
J J Wu, R B Penfold, P Primatesta, T K Fox, C Stewart, S P Reddy, A Egeberg, J Liu, G Simon
BACKGROUND: Sparse information is available concerning mental health issues in psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. OBJECTIVE: To estimate risk of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt in patients with psoriasis, PsA, and AS, respectively, compared with the general population. METHODS: This population-based cohort study analyzed 36,214 psoriasis patients, 5,138 PsA patients, and 1,878 AS patients who were frequency-matched with a general population cohort...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214289/bone-health-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hema Chagarlamudi, Alastair Corbett, Marion Stoll, Genila Bibat, Carla Grosmann, Carly Matichak Stock, Nikia Stinson, Jay Shapiro, Kathryn Wagner
INTRODUCTION: We provide a comprehensive overview of bone health in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: Ninety-four adult individuals with FSHD1 from two sites were included in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics and determinants of bone health were examined. Relationships between bone mineral density (BMD), strength and function were explored. RESULTS: Nearly a third of subjects were deficient in vitamin D3...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214251/children-s-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-attending-summer-day-camps
#5
Keith Brazendale, Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Jessica L Chandler, Allison B Randel, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore, Jennifer L Huberty, Dianne S Ward
INTRODUCTION: National physical activity standards call for all children to accumulate 60 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The contribution of summer day camps toward meeting this benchmark is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to provide estimates of children's MVPA during summer day camps. METHODS: Children (n=1,061, 78% enrollment; mean age, 7.8 years; 46% female; 65% African American; 48% normal weight) from 20 summer day camps wore ActiGraph GT3x+ accelerometers on the wrist during camp hours for up to 4 non-consecutive days over the summer of 2015 (July)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214250/colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-in-selected-disabilities-over-10-years
#6
Chelsea B Deroche, Suzanne W McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the U.S.; however, if the population aged 50 years or older received routine screening, approximately 60% of these deaths could be eliminated. This study investigates whether adults, aged 50-75 years, with one of three disabilities (blind/low vision [BLV], intellectual disability [ID], spinal cord injury [SCI]) receive CRC screening at rates equivalent to adults without the three disabilities, by accounting for combinations of recommended CRC screenings during a 10-year period (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#7
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214229/-iso%C3%A2-9001%C3%A2-certification-of-innovation-and-clinical-research-departments-extending-the-scope-of-health-assessment
#8
C Sambou, S Guillemaut, M Morelle, A Achache, A-G Le Corroller, D Perol, L Perrier
BACKGROUND: The International organization for standardization (ISO) is the world leader in providing industrial and commercial standards and certifications. Beyond medical devices, four French clinical research and innovation departments have received an ISO 9001 certification (the standard for quality management). Simultaneously, medico-economic studies have become increasingly important in the public decision process. Using the clinical research and innovation department from the Léon-Bérard Cancer Center as an example, the purpose of this article is to show how the scope of the ISO 9001 certification has been extended to cover medico-economic studies...
February 14, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#9
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214106/multicenter-study-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-emergency-department-2011-2012
#10
Robert A Silverman, Kohei Hasegawa, Daniel J Egan, Kirk A Stiffler, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated a high prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma. Despite the clinical and public health importance, there have been no recent multicenter efforts to characterize this patient population. We aimed to update the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ED patients with asthma exacerbations. METHODS: Multicenter chart review study of 48 EDs across 23 US states...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214101/endophthalmitis-reduction-with-intracameral-moxifloxacin-prophylaxis-analysis-of-600%C3%A2-000-surgeries
#11
Aravind Haripriya, David F Chang, Ravilla D Ravindran
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative endophthalmitis rate before and after initiation of intracameral (IC) moxifloxacin prophylaxis for both phacoemulsification and sutureless, manual small-incision cataract surgery (M-SICS), as well as in patients with posterior capsular rupture (PCR). DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical registry. PARTICIPANTS: All cataract surgeries (617 453) performed during the 29-month period from January 2014 to May 2016 at the 10 regional Aravind eye hospitals were included...
February 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214093/educating-religious-leaders-to-promote-uptake-of-male-circumcision-in-tanzania-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#12
Jennifer A Downs, Agrey H Mwakisole, Alphonce B Chandika, Shibide Lugoba, Rehema Kassim, Evarist Laizer, Kinanga A Magambo, Myung Hee Lee, Samuel E Kalluvya, David J Downs, Daniel W Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision is being widely deployed as an HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV incidence, but its uptake in sub-Saharan Africa has been below targets. We did a study to establish whether educating religious leaders about male circumcision would increase uptake in their village. METHODS: In this cluster randomised trial in northwest Tanzania, eligible villages were paired by proximity (<60 km) and the time that a free male circumcision outreach campaign from the Tanzanian Ministry of Health became available in their village...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214081/fev1-and-fvc-predict-all-cause-mortality-independent-of-cardiac-function-results-from-the-population-based-gutenberg-health-study
#13
Christina Magnussen, Francisco M Ojeda, Nargiz Rzayeva, Tanja Zeller, Christoph R Sinning, Norbert Pfeiffer, Manfred Beutel, Maria Blettner, Karl J Lackner, Stefan Blankenberg, Thomas Münzel, Klaus F Rabe, Philipp S Wild, Renate B Schnabel
BACKGROUND: Lung function has previously been related to increased mortality. Whether pulmonary impairment is associated with an increased mortality independent of cardiac dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: In 15010 individuals from the general population (age range 35-74years, 51% men) in the Gutenberg Health Study we performed spirometry and transthoracic echocardiography. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) and high-sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) were measured in all individuals...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#14
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213882/a-standard-mutual-authentication-protocol-for-cloud-computing-based-health-care-system
#15
Prerna Mohit, Ruhul Amin, Arijit Karati, G P Biswas, Muhammad Khurram Khan
Telecare Medical Information System (TMIS) supports a standard platform to the patient for getting necessary medical treatment from the doctor(s) via Internet communication. Security protection is important for medical records (data) of the patients because of very sensitive information. Besides, patient anonymity is another most important property, which must be protected. Most recently, Chiou et al. suggested an authentication protocol for TMIS by utilizing the concept of cloud environment. They claimed that their protocol is patient anonymous and well security protected...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213659/profiles-of-mental-health-care-professionals-based-on-work-role-performance
#16
Marie-Pierre Markon, Jean-Marie Bamvita, François Chiocchio, Marie-Josée Fleury
The worldwide burden of mental disorders is considerable, and on the rise, putting pressure on health care systems. Current reforms aim to improve the efficiency of mental health care systems by increasing service integration in communities and strengthening primary mental health care. In this context, mental health care professionals (MHPs) are increasingly required to work on interdisciplinary teams in a variety of settings. Little is known, however, about the profiles of MHPs in relation to their perceived work role performance...
February 18, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213657/the-roles-of-uvb-and-vitamin-d-in-reducing-risk-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-a-review-of-the-epidemiology-clinical-trials-and-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Meis Moukayed, William B Grant
Global cancer incidence and mortality rates are high and increasing. Thus, it is imperative to find novel solutions to preventing cancer incidence and treating it at an affordable yet efficacious manner. The solar UVB-vitamin D-cancer hypothesis was first proposed in 1980 based on a geographical ecological study. Since then, numerous ecological and observational studies as well as studies of mechanisms have provided support for the hypothesis. However, observational studies have not provided consistent support, in part due to using a single blood draw from any season to use for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in prospective studies with long follow-up times...
February 17, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213606/parental-health-literacy-and-outcomes-of-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome
#18
Karlota Borges, Cathryn Sibbald, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Tonny Banh, Viral Patel, Josefina Brooke, Monica Piekut, Michele Reddon, Kimberly Aitken-Menezes, Ashley McNaughton, Rachel J Pearl, Valerie Langlois, Seetha Radhakrishnan, Christoph P B Licht, Tino D Piscione, Leo Levin, Damien Noone, Diane Hebert, Rulan S Parekh
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association of parental health literacy with treatment response among children with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: This was a cohort study of children aged 1-18 with nephrotic syndrome and their parent. Health literacy was measured using the validated Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults assessing reading comprehension and numeracy. Outcomes included initial relapse-free period, frequently relapsing disease, relapse rate, second-line medication use, and complete remission after therapy...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213596/white-cell-count-in-the-normal-range-and-short-term-and-long-term-mortality-international-comparisons-of-electronic-health-record-cohorts-in-england-and-new-zealand
#19
Anoop Dinesh Shah, Simon Thornley, Sheng-Chia Chung, Spiros Denaxas, Rod Jackson, Harry Hemingway
OBJECTIVES: Electronic health records offer the opportunity to discover new clinical implications for established blood tests, but international comparisons have been lacking. We tested the association of total white cell count (WBC) with all-cause mortality in England and New Zealand. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records (CALIBER)) and New Zealand (PREDICT). DESIGN: Analysis of linked electronic health record data sets: CALIBER (primary care, hospitalisation, mortality and acute coronary syndrome registry) and PREDICT (cardiovascular risk assessments in primary care, hospitalisations, mortality, dispensed medication and laboratory results)...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213595/qualitative-study-of-the-breather-trial-short-cycle-antiretroviral-therapy-is-it-acceptable-to-young-people-living-with-hiv
#20
Sarah Bernays, Sara Paparini, Janet Seeley, Stella Namukwaya Kihika, Diana Gibb, Tim Rhodes
OBJECTIVES: A qualitative study of the BREATHER (PENTA 16) randomised clinical trial, which compared virological control of Short Cycle Therapy (SCT) (5 days on: 2 days off) with continuous efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (CT) in children and young people (aged 8-24) living with HIV with viral load <50 c/mL to examine adaptation, acceptability and experience of SCT to inform intervention development. SETTING: Paediatric HIV clinics in the UK (2), Ireland (1), the USA (1) and Uganda (1)...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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