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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909569/economic-burden-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-on-post-stroke-care
#1
S Rajsic, H Gothe, H H Borba, G Sroczynski, J Vujicic, T Toell, Uwe Siebert
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a leading cause for disability and morbidity associated with increased economic burden due to treatment and post-stroke care (PSC). The aim of our study is to provide information on resource consumption for PSC, to identify relevant cost drivers, and to discuss potential information gaps. METHODS: A systematic literature review on economic studies reporting PSC-associated data was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus/Elsevier and Cochrane databases, Google Scholar and gray literature ranging from January 2000 to August 2016...
June 16, 2018: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909514/mid-term-4-year-outcomes-with-single-anastomosis-duodenal-ileal-bypass-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery-at-a-single-us-center
#2
Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Austin Cottam, Walter Medlin, Christina Richards, LeGrand Belnap, Samuel Cottam, Benjamin Horsley
BACKGROUND: Single anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a modification of Roux-en-Y duodenal switch (RYDS). Long-term data on this operation is lacking in the literature. We reviewed our mid-term data of this RYDS modification. PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes with SADI-S at 4 years. METHODS: Data from patients who underwent a primary SADI-S procedure performed by three surgeons at a single institution from June 2013 through February 2018 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909453/m-6-a-rna-methylation-controls-neural-development-and-is-involved-in-human-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Kunzhao Du, Longbin Zhang, Trevor Lee, Tao Sun
RNA modifications are involved in many aspects of biological functions. N6-methyladenosine (m6 A) is one of the most important forms of RNA methylation and plays a vital role in regulating gene expression, protein translation, cell behaviors, and physiological conditions in many species, including humans. The dynamic and reversible modification of m6 A is conducted by three elements: methyltransferases ("writers"), such as methyltransferase-like protein 3 (METTL3) and METTL14; m6 A-binding proteins ("readers"), such as the YTH domain family proteins (YTHDFs) and YTH domain-containing protein 1 (YTHDC1); and demethylases ("erasers"), such as fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) and AlkB homolog 5 (ALKBH5)...
June 16, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909434/ionomer-and-protein-size-analysis-by-analytical-ultracentrifugation-and-electrospray-scanning-mobility-particle-sizer
#4
Simon E Wawra, Martin Thoma, Johannes Walter, Christian Lübbert, Thaseem Thajudeen, Cornelia Damm, Wolfgang Peukert
By combining analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) in liquid phase and scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) in the gas phase, additional information on the particle size and morphology has been obtained for rigid particles. In this paper, we transfer this concept to soft particles, allowing us to analyze the size and molar mass of the short side chain perfluorosulfonic acid ionomer Aquivion® in a dilute aqueous suspension. The determination of the primary size and exact molar mass of this class of polymers is challenging since they are optically transparent and due to the formation of different aggregate structures depending on the concentration and solvent properties...
June 16, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909369/socioeconomic-status-and-cigarette-expenditure-among-us-households-results-from-2010-to-2015-consumer-expenditure-survey
#5
Mohammad Siahpush, Paraskevi A Farazi, Shannon I Maloney, Danae Dinkel, Minh N Nguyen, Gopal K Singh
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the association between household socioeconomic status (SES) and whether a household spends money on cigarettes and (2) socioeconomic variations in proportion of total household expenditure spent on cigarettes among smoking households. METHODS: We pooled data from six consecutive years, 2010-2015, of the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey. The interviews involved a structured questionnaire about household income, demographics and expenditures including expenditure on cigarettes...
June 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909336/interspecific-variation-in-the-spatially-explicit-risks-of-trace-metals-to-songbirds
#6
Béatrice V Hernout, Louise J Gibson, Adam J Walmsley, Kathryn E Arnold
Many wild animals can be adversely affected by trace metals around point sources but little is known about the risks to birds across their ranges. Trace metals in the soil are ubiquitously, if heterogeneously distributed, across the world due to natural and anthropogenic sources. Here, we built, parameterized and applied a spatially explicit modelling framework to determine the risks of soil-associated metals to 30 invertebrate-consuming passerine species across their spatial distribution in England and Wales...
June 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909267/how-to-make-an-accurate-diagnosis-of-fetal-pyriform-sinus-fistula-in-utero-experience-at-a-single-medical-center-in-mainland-china
#7
Zequn Liu, Jin Han, Fang Fu, H S Liu, Qiu-Ming He, Wei Zhong, Hongying Wang, Xin Yang, Dongzhi Li, Can Liao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to make an accurate diagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) for prenatal diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were reviewed for all 35 pyriform sinus fistula patients presenting between 2011 and 2017. Ultrasonography (US), fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and karyotyping were offered during gestation, while computer tomography (CT) and barium esophagography were performed after birth. RESULTS: Patients included 21 males (60%) and 14 females (40%) with a sex ratio of 1...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909249/processed-red-meat-intake-and-risk-of-copd-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Alireza Milajerdi, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: No earlier study has summarized findings from previous publications on processed red meat intake and risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the association between processed red meat intake and COPD risk. METHODS: We searched in PubMed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, EMBASE and Google Scholar up to April 2018 to identify relevant studies. Prospective cohort studies that considered processed red meat as the exposure variable and COPD as the main outcome variable or as one of the outcomes were included in the systematic review...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909218/neuroimaging-in-criminal-trials-and-the-role-of-psychiatrists-expert-witnesses-a-case-study
#9
Georgia Martha Gkotsi, Jacques Gasser, Valérie Moulin
Various neuroscientific techniques are increasingly being used in criminal courts causing a vivid debate on the way that this kind of techniques will and should be used as scientific evidence. The role of experts in this context is important, since it is them that analyse, present, interpret and communicate the results of these techniques to the judges and the jury. In an attempt to contribute to the discussion about the role of the experts in criminal cases where neuroimaging evidence was introduced, we examined twenty seven cases from the US and Europe...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909200/epigenetic-control-of-variation-and-stochasticity-in-metabolic-disease
#10
REVIEW
Ilaria Panzeri, John Andrew Pospisilik
BACKGROUND: The alarming rise of obesity and its associated comorbidities represents a medical burden and a major global health and economic issue. Understanding etiological mechanisms underpinning susceptibility and therapeutic response is of primary importance. Obesity, diabetes, and metabolic diseases are complex trait disorders with only partial genetic heritability, indicating important roles for environmental programing and epigenetic effects. SCOPE OF THE REVIEW: We will highlight some of the reasons for the scarce predictability of metabolic diseases...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909164/-is-it-possible-to-practice-sports-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#11
Charles Guenancia, Rodrigue Garcia
Why? The potential risks of sport for an ICD recipient include appropriate and inappropriate shocks, device damage and worsening of the underlying cardiopathy. These risks should be compared to the physical and psychological benefits of exercise. Where? Due to different medico-legal contexts and considering the results of recent studies, the new US guidelines are more permissive than the European guidelines regarding sport practice in ICD recipients. Who? The underlying context (structural or electrical cardiopathy, psychological impact) should be assessed before any decision is taken...
June 13, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909138/narcolepsy-and-hypothalamic-region-tumors-presentation-and-evolution
#12
Alexander G Weil, Katherine Muir, Juliette Hukin, Alex Desautels, Véronique Martel, Sébastien Perreault
OBJECTIVE: Because most cases of brain tumor-associated narcolepsy have been published in the form of case reports or small series, the clinical presentation and evolution have not been well described. We sought to better define the epidemiology, etiology, and outcome of brain tumor-related narcolepsy. METHODS: We conducted an extensive review of the literature to identify cases of narcolepsy associated with brain tumors. Only cases of brain tumors involving the hypothalamic region including the suprasellar, sellar, and thalamus were included in this study...
February 14, 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909136/adherence-with-and-completion-of-recommended-hepatitis-vaccination-schedules-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Laurel Trantham, Samantha K Kurosky, Dongmu Zhang, Kelly D Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Adult vaccination coverage rates in the US are well below national targets, leaving many adults at increased risk. Additionally, typical vaccination coverage calculations do not adequately approximate population immunity as they do not consider whether multidose vaccines were administered within the recommended schedules. As timely administration of each dose optimizes overall vaccine effectiveness, we sought to document adherence to and completion of the hepatitis A (HepA), hepatitis B (HepB), and combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B (HepA-HepB) multidose vaccine schedule in an insured adult population in the US...
June 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909116/altered-microrna-regulation-of-short-chain-fatty-acid-receptors-in-the-hypertensive-kidney-is-normalized-with-hydrogen-sulfide-supplementation
#14
Gregory J Weber, Jaleyea Foster, Sathnur B Pushpakumar, Utpal Sen
Hypertension affects nearly one third of the adult US population and is a significant risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). An expanding body of recent studies indicates that gut microbiome has crucial roles in regulating physiological processes through, among other mechanisms, one mode of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and their target receptors. In addition, these SCFA receptors are potential targets of regulation by host miRNAs, however, the mechanisms through which this occurs is not clearly defined...
June 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909110/comprehensive-echocardiographic-assessment-of-normal-transcatheter-valve-function
#15
Rebecca T Hahn, Jonathon Leipsic, Pamela S Douglas, Wael A Jaber, Neil J Weissman, Philippe Pibarot, Philipp Blanke, Jae K Oh
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to establish parameters for identifying normal function for each of the 3 iterations of balloon-expandable valves and 2 iterations of self-expanding valves. BACKGROUND: Expected transthoracic echocardiographic Doppler-derived hemodynamic data for transcatheter aortic valves inform pre-implant decision-making and post-implanted monitoring of longitudinal valve function. METHODS: We collected the Echocardiography Core Lab measured mean gradients and effective orifice area (EOA) from discharge or 30-day echocardiograms from randomized trials; the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) trials for the balloon-expandable valves and the Medtronic CoreValve US Pivotal trial and Medtronic CoreValve Evolut R United States IDE Clinical Study for the self-expanding valves...
June 8, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909094/how-we-resect-colorectal-polyps-20-mm-in-size
#16
REVIEW
Douglas K Rex, Evelien Dekker
We review our approach to resection of colorectal polyps <20 mm in size. Careful inspection of all lesions is appropriate to assess the type of lesion (adenoma vs serrated) and evaluate the risk of cancer, which is highly associated with lesion size. Polyp resection is in the midst of a "cold revolution," particularly for lesions <10 mm in size, but also for some larger lesions. Cold forceps are sometimes appropriate for 1- to 2-mm lesions that can be engulfed in one bite, but we use cold snaring for almost the entire set of lesions <10 mm...
June 14, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908816/structural-basis-of-pyrrole-polymerization-in-human-porphobilinogen-deaminase
#17
Paula Pluta, Pietro Roversi, Ganeko Bernardo-Seisdedos, Adriana L Rojas, Jonathan B Cooper, Shuang Gu, Richard W Pickersgill, Oscar Millet
Human porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD), the third enzyme in the heme pathway, catalyzes four times a single reaction to convert porphobilinogen into hydroxymethylbilane. Remarkably, PBGD employs a single active site during the process, with a distinct yet chemically equivalent bond formed each time. The four intermediate complexes of the enzyme have been biochemically validated and they can be isolated but they have never been structurally characterized other than the apo- and holo-enzyme bound to the cofactor...
June 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908815/preweaned-heifer-management-on-us-dairy-operations-part-i-descriptive-characteristics-of-preweaned-heifer-raising-practices
#18
N J Urie, J E Lombard, C B Shivley, C A Kopral, A E Adams, T J Earleywine, J D Olson, F B Garry
The objective of this study was to describe preweaned dairy heifer calf management practices on dairy operations across the United States that were used to analyze factors associated with colostrum quality and passive transfer, Cryptosporidium and Giardia, morbidity and mortality, and average daily gain. This study included 104 dairy operations in 13 states that participated in the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 calf component study. This 18-mo longitudinal study focused on dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning, and data were collected on 2,545 heifer calves...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908806/preweaned-heifer-management-on-us-dairy-operations-part-ii-factors-associated-with-colostrum-quality-and-passive-transfer-status-of-dairy-heifer-calves
#19
C B Shivley, J E Lombard, N J Urie, D M Haines, R Sargent, C A Kopral, T J Earleywine, J D Olson, F B Garry
Passive transfer of immunity is essential for the short- and long-term health of dairy calves. The objective of this study was to evaluate factors associated with colostrum quality and passive transfer status of US heifer calves. This study included 104 operations in 13 states that participated in the calf component of the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 study. This 18-mo longitudinal study included 1,972 Holstein heifer calves from birth to weaning. Multivariable mixed linear regression models were selected using backward elimination model selection after univariate screening to determine which factors were associated with colostrum IgG and serum IgG concentrations...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908781/-impact-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-on-the-consumption-of-resources-in-primary-care-according-to-clinical-risk-groups
#20
Magdalena Millá Perseguer, Natividad Guadalajara Olmeda, David Vivas Consuelo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors (CVRF) in the context of a Basic Health Area and the impact they generate on morbidity and consumption of healthcare resources in the stratified population according to the Clinical System Risk Groups (CRG) in Primary Care, with the purpose of identifying the population with multimorbidity to apply preventive measures, as well as the one that generates the highest care burden and social needs. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional and population-based study for a basic health area during 2013...
June 13, 2018: Atencion Primaria
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