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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475191/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-romanian-translation-of-the-drive-for-muscularity-scale-dms-in-university-men
#1
Viren Swami, Mona Vintila, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit...
February 20, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475162/the-evaluation-of-arsenic-contamination-potential-speciation-and-hydrogeochemical-behaviour-in-aquifers-of-punjab-pakistan
#2
Muhammad Bilal Shakoor, Irshad Bibi, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Farrakh Nawaz, Abida Farooqi, Ravi Naidu, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Ghulam Murtaza, Andreas Lüttge
In this study, we tested 123 groundwater wells from five different areas of Punjab, Pakistan for arsenic (As) contamination level and species, as well as delineated hydrogeochemical behaviour of As in aquifers. Results revealed that 75% and 41% of the groundwater wells exceeded the safe As limit of World Health Organisation (WHO, 10 μg L-1 ) and Pakistan-EPA (50 μg L-1 ), respectively. Arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)) spanned 0-80% and 20-100% of total As (1.2-206 μg L-1 ), respectively...
February 3, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475126/snp-rs403212791-in-exon-2-of-the-mtnr1a-gene-is-associated-with-reproductive-seasonality-in-the-rasa-aragonesa-sheep-breed
#3
J H Calvo, M Serrano, A Martinez-Royo, B Lahoz, P Sarto, A Ibañez-Deler, J Folch, J L Alabart
The aim of this study was to characterize and identify causative SNPs in the MTNR1A gene responsible for the reproductive seasonality traits in the Rasa aragonesa sheep breed. A total of 290 ewes (155, 84 and 51 mature, young and ewe lambs, respectively) from one flock were controlled from January to August. The following three reproductive seasonality traits were considered: the total days of anoestrus (TDA) and the progesterone cycling months (P4CM); both ovarian function seasonality traits based on blood progesterone levels; and the oestrus cycling months (OCM) based on oestrous detection, which indicate behavioural signs of oestrous...
February 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475109/solar-treatment-h-2-o-2-tio-2-p25-and-go-tio-2-photocatalysis-photo-fenton-of-organic-micropollutants-human-pathogen-indicators-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-and-related-genes-in-urban-wastewater
#4
Nuno F F Moreira, Carlos Narciso-da-Rocha, M Inmaculada Polo-López, Luisa M Pastrana-Martínez, Joaquim L Faria, Célia M Manaia, Pilar Fernández-Ibáñez, Olga C Nunes, Adrián M T Silva
Solar-driven advanced oxidation processes were studied in a pilot-scale photoreactor, as tertiary treatments of effluents from an urban wastewater treatment plant. Solar-H2 O2 , heterogeneous photocatalysis (with and/or without the addition of H2 O2 and employing three different photocatalysts) and the photo-Fenton process were investigated. Chemical (sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, and diclofenac) and biological contaminants (faecal contamination indicators, their antibiotic resistant counterparts, 16S rRNA and antibiotic resistance genes), as well as the whole bacterial community, were characterized...
February 3, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475058/using-intervention-mapping-for-child-development-and-wellbeing-programs-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings
#5
Amanda O'Connor, Claire Blewitt, Andrea Nolan, Helen Skouteris
Supporting children's social and emotional learning benefits all elements of children's development and has been associated with positive mental health and wellbeing, development of values and life skills. However, literature relating to the creation of interventions designed for use within the early childhood education and care settings to support children's social and emotional skills and learning is lacking. Intervention Mapping (IM) is a systematic intervention development framework, utilising principles centred on participatory co-design methods, multiple theoretical approaches and existing literature to enable effective decision-making during the development process...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475015/reflection-and-transmission-characteristics-of-a-layer-obeying-the-two-pressure-field-poroelastic-phenomenological-model-of-berryman-and-wang
#6
F Kachkouch, H Franklin, A Tinel
The characteristics of the reflection and transmission by a fluid-loaded double porosity layer are studied. The medium obeys the two-pressure field poroelastic phenomenological model of Berryman and Wang. The open pore hydraulic conditions applied at the interfaces yield factorized expressions for the coefficients exhibiting on the one hand a separation allowing to distinguish between symmetrical and antisymmetrical motions and on the other hand the way each of the three dilatational waves associate with the shear wave...
February 15, 2018: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474955/title-prior-knowledge-modulates-the-neural-substrates-of-encoding-and-retrieving-naturalistic-events-at-short-and-long-delays
#7
Kyra Bonasia, Melanie J Sekeres, Asaf Gilboa, Cheryl L Grady, Gordon Winocur, Morris Moscovitch
Congruence with prior knowledge and novelty have long been identified as two prominent factors that, despite their opposing characteristics, can both enhance episodic memory. Using narrative film clip stimuli, this study investigated these effects in naturalistic event memories - examining behaviour and neural activation to help explain this paradox. Furthermore, we examined encoding, immediate retrieval, and one-week delayed retrieval to determine how these effects evolve over time. Behaviourally, both congruence with prior knowledge and incongruence/novelty enhanced memory for events, though incongruent events were recalled with more errors over time...
February 20, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474852/forming-groups-of-aggressive-sows-based-on-a-predictive-test-of-aggression-does-not-affect-overall-sow-aggression-or-welfare
#8
Megan Verdon, R S Morrison, P H Hemsworth
This experiment examined the effects of group composition on sow aggressive behaviour and welfare. Over 6 time replicates, 360 sows (parity 1-6) were mixed into groups (10 sows per pen, 1.8 m2 /sow) composed of animals that were predicted to be aggressive (n = 18 pens) or groups composed of animals that were randomly selected (n = 18 pens). Aggressive sows were selected based on a model-pig test that has been shown to be related to the aggressive behaviour of parity 2 sows when subsequently mixed in groups...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474479/exclusive-breastfeeding-promotion-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-5-8-year-old-children-from-uganda-and-burkina-faso-results-from-the-promise-ebf-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
James K Tumwine, Victoria Nankabirwa, Hama Abdoulaye Diallo, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, Paul Bangirana, Anselme Simeon Sanou, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Michael Boivin, Bruno Giordani, Irene Bircow Elgen, Penny Holding, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Vilde Skylstad, Joyce Nalugya, Thorkild Tylleskar, Nicolas Meda
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects from exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been widely acknowledged. We assessed the effect of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in Uganda and Burkina Faso, on cognitive abilities, social emotional development, school performance and linear growth among 5-8 years old children. METHODS: Children in the PROMISE EBF trial (2006-2008) were re-enrolled in the follow-up PROMISE Saving Brains (SB) study (2013-2015). Caretaker interviews captured sociodemographic characteristics and social emotional development using the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474464/clinical-and-genetic-characterisation-of-dystrophin-deficient-muscular-dystrophy-in-a-family-of-miniature-poodle-dogs
#10
Lluís Sánchez, Elsa Beltrán, Alberta de Stefani, Ling T Guo, Anita Shea, G Diane Shelton, Luisa De Risio, Louise M Burmeister
Four full-sibling intact male Miniature Poodles were evaluated at 4-19 months of age. One was clinically normal and three were affected. All affected dogs were reluctant to exercise and had generalised muscle atrophy, a stiff gait and a markedly elevated serum creatine kinase activity. Two affected dogs also showed poor development, learning difficulties and episodes of abnormal behaviour. In these two dogs, investigations into forebrain structural and metabolic diseases were unremarkable; electromyography demonstrated fibrillation potentials and complex repetitive discharges in the infraspinatus, supraspinatus and epaxial muscles...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474454/the-impact-of-poverty-reduction-and-development-interventions-on-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-behavioural-risk-factors-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#11
Jessie Pullar, Luke Allen, Nick Townsend, Julianne Williams, Charlie Foster, Nia Roberts, Mike Rayner, Bente Mikkelsen, Francesco Branca, Kremlin Wickramasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) disproportionately affect low- and lower-middle income countries (LLMICs) where 80% of global NCD related deaths occur. LLMICs are the primary focus of interventions to address development and poverty indicators. We aimed to synthesise the evidence of these interventions' impact on the four primary NCDs (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer) and their common behavioural risk factors (unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474425/the-existence-of-parenting-styles-in-the-owner-dog-relationship
#12
Ineke R van Herwijnen, Joanne A M van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda
Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the parent to child and owner to dog relationships, we determined the extent to which parenting styles exist in the owner to dog relationship using the existing Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire for the parent-child relationship and an adapted version for dog owners...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474399/exploring-the-relative-contributions-of-reward-history-and-functionality-information-to-children-s-acquisition-of-the-aesop-s-fable-task
#13
Elsa Loissel, Lucy G Cheke, Nicola S Clayton
Investigation of tool-using behaviours has long been a means by which to explore causal reasoning in children and nonhuman animals. Much of the recent research has focused on the "Aesop's Fable" paradigm, in which objects must be dropped into water to bring a floating reward within reach. An underlying problem with these, as with many causal reasoning studies, is that functionality information and reward history are confounded: a tool that is functionally useful is also rewarded, while a tool that is not functionally useful is not rewarded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474265/global-mental-health-and-schizophrenia
#14
Laura Asher, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to synthesize recent evidence on schizophrenia illness experience and outcomes and models of care in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). RECENT FINDINGS: There is a plurality of explanatory models for psychosis and increasing evidence that context influences experiences of stigma. People with schizophrenia in LMICs are vulnerable to food insecurity, violence and physical health problems, in addition to unmet needs for mental healthcare...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473903/the-role-of-culex-pipiens-l-diptera-culicidae-in-virus-transmission-in-europe
#15
REVIEW
Victor A Brugman, Luis M Hernández-Triana, Jolyon M Medlock, Anthony R Fooks, Simon Carpenter, Nicholas Johnson
Over the past three decades, a range of mosquito-borne viruses that threaten public and veterinary health have emerged or re-emerged in Europe. Mosquito surveillance activities have highlighted the Culex pipiens species complex as being critical for the maintenance of a number of these viruses. This species complex contains morphologically similar forms that exhibit variation in phenotypes that can influence the probability of virus transmission. Critical amongst these is the choice of host on which to feed, with different forms showing different feeding preferences...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473894/health-and-taste-related-attitudes-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-a-representative-sample-of-polish-girls-and-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study-gebahealth-project
#16
Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Lidia Wadolowska, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Attitudes can be predictors of certain health-related behaviours. The attitudes of young females towards health and taste have not been yet fully examined and their associations with dietary behaviours remain unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate if attitudes are associated with dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish girls. The study population consisted of 1107 girls, aged 13-21 and living in Poland. Attitudes were assessed using the Health and Taste Attitudes Scale (HTAS) and categorised as negative, neutral or positive...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473706/the-influence-of-need-for-cognitive-closure-on-the-attention-recognition-stage-of-preventive-coping
#17
Jiaying Wang, Yiqun Gan
The current study explored the influence of need for cognitive closure (NFCC) on preventive coping via its effects on the attention-recognition stage and sought to determine whether this influence was moderated by individuals' existing knowledge. An experiment involving 90 university students used the vignette-reading paradigm to explore the relationships between NFCC, attention and preventive coping behaviour. The results indicated that when preventive coping situations were consistent with participants' previous knowledge, people with high, relative to low, NFCC were more inclined to use preventive coping strategies...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473698/a-proof-of-concept-pilot-randomized-comparative-trial-of-brief-internet-based-compassionate-mind-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-perinatal-and-intending-to-become-pregnant-women
#18
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473455/sagittal-flexion-arc-evaluation-for-a-modern-generation-single-radius-femoral-component-design
#19
David John Deehan, K Milton Ghosh, Alasdair Blain, Lee Longstaff, Steven Rushton
Single-radius femoral total knee design aims to deliver improved kinematic behaviour when compared to the standard two-radii geometry. This study has evaluated the behaviour, through a functional range of motion in the sagittal plane, of a single-radius femoral component compared to a dual-radius standard knee construct. Particular focus was placed on how the flexion axes of the native and replaced knee approximated to the transepicondylar axis through a loaded navigated knee design. Significant differences in flexion arcs were noted between the native and total knee arthroplasty state...
February 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473426/factors-associated-with-informant-reported-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults-a-systemised-literature-review
#20
Lucy Morrell, Paul M Camic, Michelle Genis
Background Dementia diagnoses are typically made where there is a significant, progressive decline in cognitive functioning. Evidence of such decline is increasingly established through information provided by informants. However, some studies demonstrate that informant reports may not always be accurate and may be biased by extraneous factors. This review aimed to elucidate factors that have been identified as potentially having some influence on informant reports of cognitive decline. Method A search of PsychInfo, ASSIA, PubMed and Web of Science databases identified 13 peer-reviewed studies that met criteria for inclusion in the review...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
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