keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668070/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-a-flexible-office-based-workplace-employee-perceptions-and-priorities-for-change
#1
Heidi M Olsen, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Nicola W Burton
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Many Australian employees now regularly work from home in some capacity. This new way of working has not been widely studied in relation to the potential implications for employees' health-related behaviour or workplace health promotion. The aim of this study was to explore office-based employees' perceptions of the impact of flexible work on physical activity and sedentary behaviour; and preferences for associated interventions. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted with office-based employees (n=28) six months after the introduction of a flexible work policy...
April 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#2
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#3
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667923/autoethnography-and-cognitive-adaptation-two-powerful-buffers-against-the-negative-consequences-of-workplace-bullying-and-academic-mobbing
#4
Mpho M Pheko
Work is undoubtedly fundamental to human life, social development and the economic development of individuals, organizations and nations. However, the experience of working is not always pleasant as there are many instances where relationships between workers could deteriorate, leading to practices and behaviours that could be characterized as workplace bullying and/or mobbing. The current study is an exploratory study which used autoethnography to investigate experiences of academic bullying and mobbing, and relates the practices to power structures in academic institutions...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667691/spin-crossover-fe-ii-complexes-of-a-cross-bridged-cyclam-derivative
#5
Bohuslav Drahoš, Zdeněk Trávníček
A cross-bridged cyclam derivative containing two 2-pyridylmethyl pendant arms (L = 4,11-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraaza-bicyclo[6.6.2]hexadecane) was synthesized by dialkylation of the cross-bridged cyclam with 2-chloromethylpyridine. A series of Fe(ii) complexes with L and different counter-anions of the formulas [Fe(L)][FeCl4]·H2O (1·H2O), [Fe(L)]Cl2·4H2O (2·4H2O), [Fe(L)](BF4)2·0.5CH3CN (3·0.5CH3CN) and [Fe(L)](BPh4)2·CH3OH (4·CH3OH) was prepared and thoroughly characterized. In all the cases, the [Fe(L)]2+ cation adopts a cis-V configuration with a distorted octahedral geometry, and with the FeN6 donor set...
April 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667675/pre-programmed-self-assembly-of-polynuclear-clusters
#6
Takuya Shiga, Graham N Newton, Hiroki Oshio
This perspective reviews our recent efforts towards the self-assembly of polynuclear clusters with ditopic and tritopic multidentate ligands HL1 (2-phenyl-4,5-bis{6-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)pyrid-2-yl}-1H-imidazole) and H2L2 (2,6-bis-[5-(2-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-yl]pyridine), both of which are planar and rigid molecules. HL1 was found to be an excellent support for tetranuclear [Fe4] complexes, [FeII4(L1)4](BF4)4 ([FeII4]) and [FeIII2FeII2(L1)4](BF4)6 ([FeIII2FeII2]). The homovalent system was found to exhibit multistep spin crossover (SCO), while the mixed-valence [FeIII2FeII2] complex shows wavelength-dependent tuneable light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST)...
April 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667638/-the-forensic-medical-aspects-of-the-inappropriate-medical-care-in-the-modern-day-ukraine
#7
V V Franchuk
Despite the fact that the ever growing relevance of the problem of the inappropriate medical care was long ago brought to the worldwide attention, it has not been practically addressed in the Ukraine since the country gained independence in 1991. The objective of the present study was to consider the specific features of expert examination of the cases of inappropriate medical care as exemplified by the materials of the legal actions and lawsuits instituted against healthcare specialists violating their occupational duties...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667596/becaf-study-caffeine-and-behaviour-in-nursing-homes-a-study-protocol-and-ebm-training-program
#8
M A Kromhout, M van Eijk, M J C Pieper, V G M Chel, W P Achterberg, M E Numans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667585/recent-developments-in-the-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-well-differentiated-neuroendocrine-tumours
#9
J Hofland, R A Feelders, T Brabander, G J H Franssen, W W de Herder
Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of the digestive tract are being increasingly detected, which is partly explained by the increased use of endoscopic and cross-sectional imaging as well as improved recognition at histopathological evaluation. After the discovery of this relatively indolent type of epithelial malignancy over 100 years ago, their sporadic occurrence and divergent biological behaviour at multiple primary sites have hampered dedicated studies into NET pathogenesis and testing of drug efficacy in well-designed clinical trials...
April 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667532/human-osteoblast-derived-extracellular-matrix-with-high-homology-to-bone-proteome-is-osteopromotive
#10
Marta Baroncelli, Bram C J van der Eerden, Siddharth Chatterji, Enrique Rull Trinidad, Yik Y Kan, Marijke Koedam, Ingmar A J van Hengel, Rodrigo D A M Alves, Lidy E Fratila-Apachitei, Jeroen A A Demmers, Jeroen van de Peppel, Johannes Ptm van Leeuwen
Efficient osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is crucial to accelerate bone formation. In this context, the use of extracellular matrix (ECM) as natural 3D-framework mimicking in vivo tissue architecture is of interest. The aim of this study was to generate a devitalized human osteogenic MSC-derived ECM and to investigate its impact on MSC osteogenic differentiation to improve MSC properties in bone regeneration. The devitalized ECM significantly enhanced MSC adhesion and proliferation...
April 18, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667517/salt-intake-of-lactating-women-as-assessed-by-modified-food-weighted-records
#11
Lijun Duan, Wendi Liu, Peng Zhang, Shiyan Liu, Xiaotong Liu, Maocheng Sang, Lu Liu, Haiyue Lin, Zhongna Sang
OBJECTIVE: High salt intake among lactating women can increase the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in infants/offspring. However, considering the limited salt intake data in lactating women, the aims of this study were to compare the salt intake assessed by modified food weighted records (FWR) with that estimated by 24-h urinary sodium excretion and to investigate the salt intake of lactating women. METHODS: In total, 30 lactating women aged 20-39 years who were 2 to 4 months postpartum were recruited from the cities of Tianjin and Luoyang in China...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667484/motivated-emotion-and-the-rally-around-the-flag-effect-liberals-are-motivated-to-feel-collective-angst-like-conservatives-when-faced-with-existential-threat
#12
Roni Porat, Maya Tamir, Michael J A Wohl, Tamar Gur, Eran Halperin
A careful look at societies facing threat reveals a unique phenomenon in which liberals and conservatives react emotionally and attitudinally in a similar manner, rallying around the conservative flag. Previous research suggests that this rally effect is the result of liberals shifting in their attitudes and emotional responses toward the conservative end. Whereas theories of motivated social cognition provide a motivation-based account of cognitive processes (i.e. attitude shift), it remains unclear whether emotional shifts are, in fact, also a motivation-based process...
April 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667477/return-to-work-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-national-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up-of-neurocognitive-and-behavioural-outcomes
#13
Solrun Sigurdardottir, Nada Andelic, Eike Wehling, Audny Anke, Toril Skandsen, Oyvor Oistensen Holthe, Unn Sollid Manskow, Cecilie Roe
The objectives were to investigate the frequency of return-to-work (RTW) one year after severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI: Glasgow Coma Scale, GCS 3-8) and to identify which demographic and injury-related characteristics and neurocognitive factors are associated with RTW. This study is part of a prospective national study on sTBI conducted in all four Norwegian Trauma Referral Centres, including patients aged >15 years over a period of three years (n = 378). For the purpose of this study, only pre-employed individuals of working age (16 to 67 years) were investigated for RTW (n = 143), and of these, 104 participants underwent neuropsychological testing...
April 18, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667448/influencing-health-decision-making-a-study-of-colour-and-message-framing
#14
Raymond P Voss, Ryan Corser, Michael McCormick, John D Jasper
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has provided evidence that colour associations and frame can influence behavioural intentions to engage in vaccination behaviours. In this study, the extension of these effects to sunscreen application behaviours was investigated. Additional colours and the manner in which colour primes were employed were also explored. DESIGN: Two hundred and eighty-six college students were primed with either short wavelength colours (blue/purple) or long wavelength colours (red/orange) as part of goal framed sunscreen information pamphlets...
April 18, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667440/time-use-and-physical-activity-in-a-specialised-brain-injury-rehabilitation-unit-an-observational-study
#15
Leanne Hassett, Siobhan Wong, Emma Sheaves, Maysaa Daher, Andrew Grady, Cara Egan, Carol Seeto, Talia Hosking, Anne Moseley
OBJECTIVES: To determine what is the use of time and physical activity in people undertaking inpatient rehabilitation in a specialised brain injury unit. To determine participants' level of independence related to the use of time and physical activity. METHODS: Design: Cross-sectional observation study. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen people [mean (SD) age 40 (15) years] with brain injuries undertaking inpatient rehabilitation. PROCEDURE: Participants were observed every 12 minutes over 5 days (Monday to Friday from 7:30 am until 7:30 pm) using a behaviour mapping tool...
April 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667424/gender-identity-and-hiv-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-cape-town-south-africa
#16
Geoffrey Jobson, Andrew Tucker, Glenn de Swardt, Kevin Rebe, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre, Remco Peters
Gender identity plays a potentially important role contributing to HIV risk among MSM in South Africa. Where studies have included a focus on gender identity, MSM reporting gender non-conformity have been found to have a higher risk of being HIV positive than other MSM. This article examines HIV risk among gender non-conforming MSM in a sample of 316 MSM in Cape Town, South Africa. Reporting gender non-conformity was associated with higher HIV prevalence and increased HIV risk behaviour. Gender non-conformity was also associated with a higher likelihood of being unemployed and reporting low household incomes...
April 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#17
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666921/analysis-of-a-model-for-banded-vegetation-patterns-in-semi-arid-environments-with-nonlocal-dispersal
#18
Lukas Eigentler, Jonathan A Sherratt
Vegetation patterns are a characteristic feature of semi-arid regions. On hillsides these patterns occur as stripes running parallel to the contours. The Klausmeier model, a coupled reaction-advection-diffusion system, is a deliberately simple model describing the phenomenon. In this paper, we replace the diffusion term describing plant dispersal by a more realistic nonlocal convolution integral to account for the possibility of long-range dispersal of seeds. Our analysis focuses on the rainfall level at which there is a transition between uniform vegetation and pattern formation...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666749/prevalence-of-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-young-women-engaged-in-sex-work-aboard-foreign-fishing-vessels-in-kiribati
#19
Tebuka Toatu, Paul White, Damian Hoy, Dennie Iniakwala, Onofre Edwin A Merrilles, Sameer Vali Gopalani
Objective: To assess the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women who board foreign fishing vessels for sex work in Kiribati. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data on behavioural risk factors for STIs and knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV and STIs during 2007. Urine and blood samples were collected to test for HIV and select STIs. Descriptive statistics were performed for sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics, and χ2 tests were used to assess associations between potential key determinants and the presence of genital Chlamydia infection...
January 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666739/prosopagnosia-as-a-type-of-conversion-disorder
#20
Clodagh Power, Oisin Hannigan, Robert Coen, Irene Bruce, Matthew Gibb, Marie McCarthy, David Robinson, Brian A Lawlor
Background: Conversion disorder is a common and debilitating condition that remains poorly understood. We present a previously undescribed form of conversion disorder to highlight the complexity of the condition and consider the interplay of factors that produce conversion symptoms. Case: A 50-year-old male presented with acquired prosopagnosia and language impairment. Neuropsychological testing indicated right temporal lobe dysfunction. Extensive work-up outruled an organic aetiology...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
21524
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"