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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245180/factors-influencing-cane-use-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Julia Hart, Rana S Hinman, Ans Van Ginckel, Michelle Hall, Rachel Nelligan, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate demographic, symptom-related and cognitive determinants of cane use for knee osteoarthritis (OA) and prioritise the factors that could facilitate cane use in people with no previous cane use. METHODS: A survey of people aged ≥45 years with a clinical diagnosis of knee OA was conducted. The survey included two sections: i) demographic and cognitive determinants of cane use assessed via subscales of the Cane Cognitive Mediator Scale; ii) 19 statements, underpinned by the Behaviour Change Wheel theoretical framework, relating to factors that could facilitate regular cane use...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245082/adolescent-mental-health-and-behavioural-problems-and-intergenerational-social-mobility-a-decomposition-of-health-selection-effects
#2
Lewis Robert Anderson
According to the health selection hypothesis, poor mental health and behavioural problems in adolescence limit socioeconomic attainment. But to what extent is health selection driven by prior social causation? This paper quantifies the extent to which health selection - here, restricted or downward intergenerational social class mobility due to poor mental health or behavioural problems - can be attributed to the influence of modifiable childhood risk factors. The UK National Child Development Study provides measures of socioeconomic deprivation and childhood adversities, as well as multiple-informant ratings of adolescents' mental health and behavioural problems, for which confirmatory factor analysis supports a three-factor model...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245027/multidimensional-impact-of-low-dye-taping-on-low-load-hopping-in-individuals-with-and-without-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Tarbie Van Tonder, Garry T Allison, Diana Hopper, Tiffany L Grisbrook
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the acute effect of low-Dye, placebo and no tape on motor behaviour in individuals with plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: Prospective, experimental. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten participants with PF and ten matched controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hopping behaviour (lower-limb stiffness and ankle angle at peak loading) were evaluated during low-load sleigh hopping, during three taping conditions...
November 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245020/killing-two-birds-with-one-stone-association-between-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption
#4
REVIEW
A M Reis, C Quintal, Ó Lourenço
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption are addictive behaviours, listed among the 10 leading risk factors that cause death and disability in the world, and health consequences are greater if their consumption is combined. There is sparse empirical evidence on the variables that influence the simultaneous consumption of tobacco and alcohol. This study aims to identify the variables that influence the joint decision to consume alcohol and tobacco, and that encourage drinkers to smoke...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244845/diet-and-stable-isotope-analyses-reveal-the-feeding-ecology-of-the-orangeback-squid-sthenoteuthis-pteropus-steenstrup-1855-mollusca-ommastrephidae-in-the-eastern-tropical-atlantic
#5
Véronique Merten, Bernd Christiansen, Jamileh Javidpour, Uwe Piatkowski, Oscar Puebla, Rebeca Gasca, Henk-Jan T Hoving
In the eastern tropical Atlantic, the orangeback flying squid Sthenoteuthis pteropus (Steenstrup 1855) (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae) is a dominant species of the epipelagic nekton community. This carnivore squid has a short lifespan and is one of the fastest-growing squids. In this study, we characterise the role of S. pteropus in the pelagic food web of the eastern tropical Atlantic by investigating its diet and the dynamics of its feeding habits throughout its ontogeny and migration. During three expeditions in the eastern tropical Atlantic in 2015, 129 specimens were caught by hand jigging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244769/effects-of-uv-ozone-treatment-on-sensing-behaviours-of-egfets-with-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-sensing-film
#6
Cuiling Sun, Ruixue Zeng, Junkai Zhang, Zhi-Jun Qiu, Dongping Wu
The effects of UV-ozone (UVO) treatment on the sensing behaviours of extended-gate field-effect transistors (EGFETs) that use Al₂O₃ as the sensing film have been investigated. The Al₂O₃ sensing films are UVO-treated with various duration times and the corresponding EGFET sensing behaviours, such as sensitivity, hysteresis, and long-term stability, are electrically evaluated under various measurement conditions. Physical analysis is also performed to characterize the surface conditions of the UVO-treated sensing films using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy...
December 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244740/chirality-dependent-interaction-of-d-and-l-menthol-with-biomembrane-models
#7
Pooja Gusain, Shinya Ohki, Kunihide Hoshino, Yoshio Tsujino, Naofumi Shimokawa, Masahiro Takagi
Chirality plays a vital role in biological membranes and has a significant effect depending on the type and arrangement of the isomer. Menthol has two typical chiral forms, d- and l-, which exhibit different behaviours. l-Menthol is known for its physiological effect on sensitivity (i.e. a cooling effect), whereas d-menthol causes skin irritation. Menthol molecules may affect not only the thermoreceptors on biomembranes, but also the membrane itself. Membrane heterogeneity (lipid rafts, phase separation) depends on lipid packing and acyl chain ordering...
December 15, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244163/regulation-of-chromosome-segregation-in-oocytes-and-the-cellular-basis-for-female-meiotic-errors
#8
Jessica Greaney, Zhe Wei, Hayden Homer
BACKGROUND: Meiotic chromosome segregation in human oocytes is notoriously error-prone, especially with ageing. Such errors markedly reduce the reproductive chances of increasing numbers of women embarking on pregnancy later in life. However, understanding the basis for these errors is hampered by limited access to human oocytes. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Important new discoveries have arisen from molecular analyses of human female recombination and aneuploidy along with high-resolution analyses of human oocyte maturation and mouse models...
December 13, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244104/-if-it-s-issues-to-do-with-nutrition%C3%A2-i-can-decide%C3%A2-gendered-decision-making-in-joining-community-based-child-nutrition-interventions-within-rural-coastal-kenya
#9
Kelly W Muraya, Caroline Jones, James A Berkley, Sassy Molyneux
Gender roles and relations play an important role in child health and nutritional status. While there is increasing recognition of the need to incorporate gender analysis in health planning and programme development, there has been relatively little attention paid to the gendered nature of child nutrition interventions. This qualitative study undertaken in rural Coastal Kenya aimed to explore the interaction between household gender relations and a community-based child nutrition programme, with a focus on household decision-making dynamics related to joining the intervention...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244103/gender-dynamics-affecting-maternal-health-and-health-care-access-and-use-in-uganda
#10
Rosemary Morgan, Moses Tetui, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, A S George
Despite its reduction over the last decade, the maternal mortality rate in Uganda remains high, due to in part a lack of access to maternal health care. In an effort to increase access to care, a quasi-experimental trial using vouchers was implemented in Eastern Uganda between 2009 and 2011. Findings from the trial reported a dramatic increase in pregnant women's access to institutional delivery. Sustainability of such interventions, however, is an important challenge. While such interventions are able to successfully address immediate access barriers, such as lack of financial resources and transportation, they are reliant on external resources to sustain them and are not designed to address the underlying causes contributing to women's lack of access, including those related to gender...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243882/mental-health-nurses-as-therapists-in-a-rehabilitation-setting-a-phenomenological-study
#11
Graeme Browne, John Hurley
Mental Health Nurses have a long tradition of delivering talk-based interventions across a range of clinical settings. Despite this, Mental Health Nurses receive limited recognition of this contribution. This paper presents findings from a study that explored Mental Health Nurses' experience of delivering talk-based therapies in an inpatient rehabilitation setting. This study uses semistructured interviews and a phenomenological approach to explore eight Mental Health Nurses' experience. Themes emerging included that: mental health nursing is a talk-based therapy in its own right, talk-based therapy was part of everyday nursing care on the floor and integrated talk-based therapy enhanced recovery opportunities for consumers...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243690/clinical-examination-record-keeping-part-2-history-taking
#12
A M Hadden
This article is the second part of a BDJ series of Practice papers on the subject of clinical examination and related record keeping. The series is taken from the Faculty of General Dental Practice UK (FGDP[UK]) 2016 Good Practice Guidelines book on this topic, edited by A. M. Hadden. This particular article discusses history taking, where information may be gathered prior to the patient seeing the clinician or, in some cases, this may be carried out chairside by the individual. The information gathered can include a medical history, socio-behavioural history, and patient anxiety levels...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243668/chemotactic-droplet-swimmers-in-complex-geometries
#13
Chenyu Jin, Babak Vajdi Hokmabad, Kyle Anthony Baldwin, Corinna Charlotte Maass
Chemotaxis and auto-chemotaxis are key mechanisms in the dynamics of micro-organisms, e.g. in the acquisition of nutrients and in the communication between individuals, influencing the collective behaviour. However, chemical signalling and the natural environment of biological swimmers are generally complex, making them hard to access analytically. We present a well-controlled, tunable artificial model to study chemotaxis and autochemotaxis in complex geometries, using microfluidic assays of self-propelling oil droplets in an aqueous surfactant solution...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243511/acute-stress-disorder-and-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#14
Hannes Bielas, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Jean-Paul Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Ulrich Schnyder, Mary Princip, Roland von Känel
Background Myocardial infarction-triggered acute stress disorder (ASD) and subclinical inflammation associate with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, and worsen the prognosis of myocardial infarction patients. We examined the relationship between ASD severity and C-reactive protein levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods We assessed 190 patients (median age 59 years; 83% men) with a verified myocardial infarction within 48 h of an acute coronary intervention. Circulating levels of C-reactive protein were categorized according to their prognostic risk for cardiovascular disease: 0 to <5, 5 to <10, 10 to <20, and ≥ 20 mg/l...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243510/health-related-quality-of-life-and-risk-of-composite-coronary-heart-disease-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-the-moli-sani-study-cohort
#15
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Amalia De Curtis, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background To assess the association between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and a composite outcome including incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular events in a large general population-based cohort. Design Prospective analysis on 17,102 men and women (mean age 53 ± 11) free from cardiovascular disease at time of enrolment in the Moli-sani cohort (2005-2010). Methods HRQL was assessed by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using multivariable Cox-proportional hazard models...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243375/parental-experiences-and-perceptions-of-infant-complementary-feeding-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
K Matvienko-Sikar, C Kelly, C Sinnott, J McSharry, C Houghton, C Heary, E Toomey, M Byrne, P M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity increasingly focus on infant feeding, but demonstrate inconsistent effects. A comprehensive qualitative evidence synthesis is essential to better understand feeding behaviours and inform intervention development. The aim of this study is to synthesize evidence on perceptions and experiences of infant feeding and complementary feeding recommendations. METHODS: Databases CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, SocIndex and Maternity and Infant Care were searched from inception to May 2017...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243347/cost-effectiveness-of-increasing-the-reach-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-germany-results-from-the-equiptmod
#18
Manuel B Huber, Maximilian Präger, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Adam Lester-George, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Bertalan Nemeth, Kei Long Cheung, Renee Stark, Matthias Vogl, Subhash Pokhrel, Reiner Leidl
AIMS: To evaluate costs, effects and cost-effectiveness of increased reach of specific smoking cessation interventions in Germany. DESIGN: A Markov-based state transition return on investment model (EQUIPTMOD) was used to evaluate current smoking cessation interventions as well as two prospective investment scenarios. A health-care perspective (extended to include out-of-pocket payments) with life-time horizon was considered. A probabilistic analysis was used to assess uncertainty concerning predicted estimates...
December 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243326/three-dimensional-ultrasound-cranial-imaging-and-early-neurodevelopment-in-preterm-growth-restricted-infants
#19
Glenda McLean, Catherine Hough, Arvind Sehgal, Michael Ditchfield, Graeme R Polglase, Suzanne L Miller
AIM: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with increased perinatal morbidity, mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae. The objective of this study was to examine whether information about early neurodevelopmental deficits was evident using three-dimensional head ultrasound and developmental assessments in preterm infants with FGR, compared with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants in the early post-natal period. METHODS: Twenty preterm FGR infants weighing <10th centile and born between 28 and 32 weeks were compared with age-matched AGA infants...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243308/western-herbal-medicine-consultations-for-common-menstrual-problems-practitioner-experiences-and-perceptions-of-treatment
#20
Carole Fisher, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Louise Hickman, David Sibbritt
To explore the prevalence with which Australian Western herbalists treat menstrual problems and their related treatment, experiences, perceptions, and interreferral practices with other health practitioners. Members of the Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative practice-based research network identifying as Western Herbalists (WHs) completed a specifically developed, online questionnaire. Western Herbalists regularly treat menstrual problems, perceiving high, though differential, levels of effectiveness...
December 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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