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Adhesive capsulitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932287/the-effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-hydrodistension-and-physiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-frozen-shoulder-adhesive-capsulitis-in-primary-care-a-single-centre-service-evaluation
#1
Michael Bryant, Andrew Gough, James Selfe, Jim Richards, Elizabeth Burgess
BACKGROUND: Evidence for optimal non-operative treatment of frozen shoulder is lacking. The present study aimed to evaluate a treatment strategy for stage II to III frozen shoulder provided by the current primary care musculoskeletal service. METHODS: General practioner referrals of shoulder pain to the musculoskeletal service diagnosed with stage II to III frozen shoulder and who opted for a treatment strategy of hydrodistension and guided physiotherapy exercise programme over a 12-month period were evaluated for 6 months...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924864/a-nociceptive-role-for-integrin-signaling-in-pain-after-mechanical-injury-to-the-spinal-facet-capsular-ligament
#2
Sijia Zhang, Ethan Zhao, Beth A Winkelstein
Integrins modulate chemically-induced nociception in a variety of inflammatory and neuropathic pain models. Yet, the role of integrins in mechanically-induced pain remains undefined, despite its well-known involvement in cell adhesion and mechanotransduction. Excessive spinal facet capsular ligament stretch is a common injury that induces morphological and functional changes in its innervating afferent neurons and can lead to pain. However, the local mechanisms underlying the translation from tissue deformation to pain signaling are unclear, impeding effective treatment...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916983/surface-changes-of-nanotopography-by-carbon-ion-implantation-to-enhance-the-biocompatibility-of-silicone-rubber-an-in-vitro-study-of-the-optimum-ion-fluence-and-adsorbed-protein
#3
Xianhui Li, Xin Zhou, Yao Chen, Shu Yu, Xin Chen, Xin Xia, Xiaohua Shi, Yiming Zhang, Dongli Fan
Lower cellular adhesion and dense fibrous capsule formation around silicone breast implants caused by lower biocompatibility is a serious clinical problem. Preliminary work has shown that ion implantation enhances cell adhesion. Whether the biocompatibility is further enhanced by higher doses of carbon ion implantation and the mechanism by which ion implantation enhances biocompatibility remain unclear. In this study, five doses of carbon ions, which gradually increase, were implanted on the surface of silicone rubber and then the surface characteristics were surveyed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904998/parallel-evolution-of-group-b-streptococcus-hypervirulent-clonal-complex-17-unveils-new-pathoadaptive-mutations
#4
Alexandre Almeida, Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin, Céline Plainvert, Pierre-Emmanuel Douarre, Maria J Borrego, Claire Poyart, Philippe Glaser
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a commensal of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, while a prevailing cause of neonatal disease worldwide. Of the various clonal complexes (CCs), CC17 is overrepresented in GBS-infected newborns for reasons that are still largely unknown. Here, we report a comprehensive genomic analysis of 626 CC17 isolates collected worldwide, identifying the genetic traits behind their successful adaptation to humans and the underlying differences between carriage and clinical strains...
September 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901892/the-effect-of-anthocyanin-supplementation-in-modulating-platelet-function-in-sedentary-population-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#5
Kiara Thompson, Holly Hosking, Wayne Pederick, Indu Singh, Abishek B Santhakumar
The anti-thrombotic properties of anthocyanin (ACN) supplementation was evaluated in this randomised, double-blind, placebo (PBO) controlled, cross-over design, dietary intervention trial in sedentary population. In all, sixteen participants (three males and thirteen females) consumed ACN (320 mg/d) or PBO capsules for 28 d followed by a 2-week wash-out period. Biomarkers of thrombogenesis and platelet activation induced by ADP; platelet aggregation induced by ADP, collagen and arachidonic acid; biochemical, lipid, inflammatory and coagulation profile were evaluated before and after supplementation...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900523/sonography-in-diagnosis-of-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-a-case-control-study
#6
Anupama Tandon, Sakshi Dewan, Shuchi Bhatt, A K Jain, Rima Kumari
PURPOSE: Adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder has been a diagnosis of exclusion on sonography due to lack of specific diagnostic criteria. This study prospectively assesses the efficacy of sonography using multiple static and dynamic parameters for diagnosis of AC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shoulder sonography was performed independently by two musculoskeletal radiologists on 90 subjects (60 symptomatic and 30 controls). All symptomatic subjects were subjected to an MRI...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888647/fibronectin-fibrinogen-binding-protein-fbps-is-not-a-critical-virulence-factor-for-the-streptococcus-suis-serotype-2-strain-zy05719
#7
Quan Li, Yang Fu, Yanan He, Yuhang Zhang, Yunyun Qian, Yanfei Yu, Huochun Yao, Chengping Lu, Wei Zhang
Fibronectin-/fibrinogen-binding protein (FBPS) of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is an atypical anchorless microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMM) for which the role in bacterial infection are not clearly established. To investigate the biological functions of FBPS, an fbps knockout mutant was constructed in SS2 strain ZY05719 to explore the phenotypic changes between the wild-type and mutant strains. Cell morphology analyses combined with the basic growth curves showed that deletion of fbps does not significantly influence neither the thickness of the capsule of SS2 nor the cell growth characteristic...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879626/effects-of-membrane-deformability-and-bond-formation-dissociation-rates-on-adhesion-dynamics-of-a-spherical-capsule-in-shear-flow
#8
Ziying Zhang, Jun Du, Zhengying Wei, Zhen Wang, Minghui Li
Cellular adhesion plays a critical role in biological systems and biomedical applications. Cell deformation and biophysical properties of adhesion molecules are of significance for the adhesion behavior. In the present work, dynamic adhesion of a deformable capsule to a planar substrate, in a linear shear flow, is numerically simulated to investigate the combined influence of membrane deformability (quantified by the capillary number) and bond formation/dissociation rates on the adhesion behavior. The computational model is based on the immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method for the capsule-fluid interaction and a probabilistic adhesion model for the capsule-substrate interaction...
September 6, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855792/addressing-neurodynamic-irritability-in-a-patient-with-adhesive-capsulitis-a-case-report
#9
Kevin Farrell, Katherine Lampe
BACKGROUND: Patients with adhesive capsulitis are commonly seen by physical therapists. Pain and limited shoulder motion from adhesive capsulitis have at times been linked to neural irritation. The purpose of this case is to describe the examination and intervention of a patient with adhesive capsulitis who appeared to have a coexisting, underlying neural irritation. This paper emphasizes how the neurological component must initially be identified and addressed for a successful outcome...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815070/supracarinal-dissection-of-the-oesophagus-and-lymphadenectomy-by-mie
#10
REVIEW
Harushi Osugi, Kousuke Narumiya, Kenji Kudou
Since 1995, video-assisted thoracoscopic oesophagectomy (VATS), according the same surgical principles as the Japanese open surgery, has been completed in 700 patients with oesophageal cancer. Our indication for VATS is (I) no extensive pleural adhesion; (II) no contiguous tumor spread; (III) pulmonary function capable of sustaining single-lung ventilation, and (IV) non radiated patients. We use 4 ports around a 5 cm mini-thoracotomy on 5th intercostal space. We laid emphasis on utilizing magnifying effect of video (5 to 20 magnifications), obtained by positioning the camera at close vicinity to the dissection...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782240/electrophoretic-deposition-of-mgo-nanoparticles-imparts-antibacterial-properties-to-poly-l-lactic-acid-for-orthopedic-applications
#11
Daniel J Hickey, Divya Muthusamy, Thomas J Webster
Bacterial infection of implanted biomaterials is a serious problem that increases health care costs and negatively affects a considerable fraction of orthopedic procedures. In this field, magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs) have emerged as a promising material to combat bacterial infection while maintaining or improving bone cell functions. Here, MgO NPs were electrophoretically deposited onto poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) sheets to achieve a coating of highly exposed MgO NPs that directly influenced cell-substrate interactions at short time scales...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765922/electric-field-exposure-promotes-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-lens-epithelial-cells-via-integrin-%C3%AE-1%C3%A2-fak-signaling
#12
Jun Liu, Xiao-Long Yan, Xiao-Liang Zheng, Lin Mei, Song Wang, Jing Han, Hong Yan
Electric field (EF) exposure can affect the elongation, migration, orientation, and division of cells. The present study tested the hypothesis that EF may also affect epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) in lens epithelial cells and that this effect may be an important inducer in the pathological process of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Human lens epithelial (HLE)‑B3 cells were exposed to an EF. Experiments were performed in the presence or absence of an anti‑integrin β1 blocking antibody or a small molecule inhibitor targeting focal adhesion kinase (FAK)...
October 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764983/targeted-delivery-of-probiotics-to-enhance-gastrointestinal-stability-and-intestinal-colonisation
#13
Cornelius C Dodoo, Jie Wang, Abdul W Basit, Paul Stapleton, Simon Gaisford
The aim of this work was to assess the viability of some commercial probiotics after exposure to gastric acid and the possibility of modifying these formulations for delivery into the distal parts of the intestines. Gastrointestinal tolerance testing was conducted for three commercial probiotics and an in-house freeze-dried Lactobacillus acidophilus strain. The contents of the commercial products and the in-house freeze-dried strain were then loaded into capsules for site-specific delivery into the colon using the Phloral(®) coating technology; the viability upon release was then ascertained...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756507/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-pain-intensity-and-distribution
#14
V Candela, G Giannicola, D Passaretti, T Venditto, S Gumina
PURPOSE: Papers regarding adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder focused on etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment; until now, information on shoulder pain characteristics is still scarce. Our aim was to analyze pain intensity and distribution in patients with AC. METHODS: The study group was composed of 278 (133M-145F) consecutive patients with AC. After diagnosis, shoulder pain distribution was assessed through an upper limb pain map and pain intensity through a visual analog scale...
July 29, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754725/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-first-sequenced-mycoplasma-capricolum-subsp-capripneumoniae-strain-m1601
#15
Shengli Chen, Huafang Hao, Ping Zhao, François Thiaucourt, Ying He, Pengcheng Gao, Han Guo, Wenheng Ji, Zhanhui Wang, Zhongxin Lu, Yuefeng Chu, Yongsheng Liu
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp) is a common pathogen of goats that causes contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. We closed the gap and corrected rRNA operons in the draft genome of Mccp M1601: a strain isolated from an infected goat in a farm in Gansu, China. The genome size of M1601 is 1,016,707 bp with a GC content of 23.67%. We identified 915 genes (occupying 90.27% of the genome), of which 713 are protein-coding genes (excluding 163 pseudogenes). No genomic islands and complete insertion sequences were found in the genome...
September 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730103/expressions-of-tgf-%C3%AE-2-bfgf-and-icam-1-in-lens-epithelial-cells-of-complicated-cataract-with-silicone-oil-tamponade
#16
Bei Liu, Jing Gao, Bo-Chang Lyu, Shan-Shuang Du, Cheng Pei, Zhong-Qiao Zhu, Bo Ma
AIM: To investigate the expression differences of transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and intercellular cell-adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in lens epithelial cells (LECs) of complicated cataract with silicone oil tamponade and age-related cataract. METHODS: Totally 150 eyes of 150 patients (aged 35 to 77y) were investigated, including 75 patients with complicated cataract after silicone oil tamponade and 75 patients with age-related cataract...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729207/first-two-cases-of-severe-multifocal-infections-caused-by-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-switzerland-characterization-of-an-atypical-non-k1-k2-serotype-strain-causing-liver-abscess-and-endocarditis
#17
Baharak Babouee Flury, Valentina Donà, Niccolò Buetti, Hansjakob Furrer, Andrea Endimiani
BACKGROUND: We describe the first two multifocal invasive infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae recently observed in Switzerland. METHODS: Phenotypic (MIC assays and string test) and molecular analyses (PCR/Sequencing for bla, virulence factor genes and whole genome sequencing for one strain) were performed to characterize the causative K. pneumoniae isolates. RESULTS: Both K. pneumoniae isolates (Kp1 and Kp2) were pan-susceptible to antibiotics and produced narrow-spectrum SHV β-lactamases...
September 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729060/correlation-of-joint-volume-and-passive-range-of-motion-with-capsulo-synovial-thickness-measured-by-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-adhesive-capsulitis
#18
Yong-Taek Lee, Kwang-Soo Chun, Kyung Jae Yoon, Hee-Jin Park, So-Yeon Lee, Eugene Kim, Young Sook Park, Kyoung-Ho Seo
BACKGROUND: No study has investigated the relationship between the findings of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) and the joint volume of the shoulder, which has been considered the standard reference for diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis (AC). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among the capsulo-synovial thickness measured by CE-MRI, joint volume, and passive range of motion (ROM) in patients with AC. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717193/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-evaluation-with-us-arthrography-using-a-sonographic-contrast-agent
#19
Xueqing Cheng, Zhenqi Zhang, Guo Xuanyan, Tingting Li, Juan Li, Longlin Yin, Man Lu
Adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a painful and disabling disorder, which caused restricted motion and chronic pain of shoulder. Intracavitary contrast-enhanced ultrasound has been recently applied to assess obstructive bile duct diseases, tubal patency, vesicoureteric reflux and so on. The aim of this study was to detect the value of US-arthrography by injecting the contrast agent SonoVue into glenohumeral joint compared with US in diagnosing AC. Utrasound (US) and US-arthrography images of 45 patients with AC were compared with that of 45 control subjects without AC with MRI as a gold standard...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709130/bacterial-adhesins-the-pathogenic-weapons-to-trick-host-defense-arsenal
#20
REVIEW
Seema Patel, Nithya Mathivanan, Arun Goyal
Adhesins are bacterial proteins with host cell adhesive properties. These proteins occur in diverse architectures, ranging from capsules, vesicles, pili, fimbri, to enzymes. These proteins interact with host cell surface receptor proteins, for cross-membrane- trafficking and the invasion of host cells. Thus, they lead to inflammation and pathogenesis, of chronic as well as acute type. Inhibition of adhesin-mediated immune activation can be possible by mannose supplementation, assembly disruption, and host receptor blockage, among other approaches...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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