Read by QxMD icon Read

Adhesive capsulitis

Lyudmila Boyanova, Rumyana Markovska, Ivan Mitov
This review focuses on the virulence arsenal of the most pathogenic species among Gram positive anaerobic cocci, Finegoldia magna according to recently published data from 2012-2016. Virulence factors like sortase dependent pili and F. magna adhesion factor (FAF) facilitate the start of the infection. Albumin binding protein (PAB) enhances F. magna survival. FAF, subtilisin-like extracellular serine protease (SufA) and superantigen protein L protect the bacteria from factors of innate defense system. SufA, capsule and tissue-destroying enzymes provide a deep penetration or spread of the infections and the protein L is associated with infection severity...
October 15, 2016: Anaerobe
Honami Mori, Shinichi Nishi, Mitsuhiro Ueno, Naofumi Imai, Susumu Ookawara, Yoshiyuki Mirishita, Ichiei Narita, Kaoru Tabei
We detected an increase in small arterioles around glomeruli, particularly adjacent to tuft adhesive lesions in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), for the 1 st time, as far as we know. We labeled these as periglomerular microarterioles (PGMAs). This study aimed to clarify the pathological significance of PGMAs. Sixty-two patients with IgAN and 19 controls with minor glomerular abnormalities without proteinuria were evaluated in this study. The number of PGMAs located between the Bowman's capsule and the adjoining tubules was counted for each glomerulus...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Brian M Ilfeld
A continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) consists of a percutaneously inserted catheter with its tip adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered, providing a prolonged block that may be titrated to the desired effect. In the decades after its first report in 1946, a plethora of data relating to CPNB was published, much of which was examined in a 2011 Anesthesia & Analgesia article. The current update is an evidence-based review of the CPNB literature published in the interim...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Hong Li, Yi Jia, Xiyun Feng, Junbai Li
Inspired by the composition of adhesive proteins in mussel, a facile, low-cost, and green approach to construct robust polydopamine (PDA) microcapsules as carriers for insulin delivery is developed. The morphology and shell thickness of the capsules could be tuned by varying the concentration of dopamine or the pH of Tris-HCl buffer. The PDA capsules are stable enough for long-term storage and transportation in practical application. The fluorescent property of PDA capsules labeled with FITC is beneficial in monitoring the safety and efficacy of drug carriers...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hesameddin Mahjoubi, Emily Buck, Praveena Manimunda, Reza Farivar, Richard Chromik, Monzur Murshed, Marta Cerruti
: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has excellent mechanical properties, biocompatibility, chemical resistance and radiolucency, making it suitable for use as orthopedic implants. However, its surface is hydrophobic and bioinert, and surface modification is required to improve its bioactivity. In this work, we showed that grafting phosphonate groups via diazonium chemistry enhances the bioactivity of PEEK. Decreased contact angle indicated reduced hydrophobicity as a result of the treatment and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the attachment of phosphonate groups to the surface...
October 4, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Steven Giuseffi, Larry D Field, Thomas V Giel, Brian T Brislin, Felix H Savoie
Patients with rotator cuff tears may present with or subsequently develop concomitant shoulder stiffness. The treatment of rotator cuff tears in the face of passive glenohumeral motion loss is controversial. Preoperative shoulder stiffness has been considered by some a contraindication to rotator cuff repair. Some surgeons recommend staging surgical procedures and delaying rotator cuff repair until shoulder stiffness has resolved. However, this can lead to prolonged recovery times and patient dissatisfaction...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Dawei Lei, Changgui Dong, William Ka Kei Wu, Aimeng Dong, Tingting Li, Matthew T V Chan, Xinrong Zhou, Huiping Yuan
Purposes: Trabeculectomy is a surgical procedure for lowering intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients, in which excessive scarring leading to failure of the filtering bleb adversely affects the surgical outcome. Heightened Tenon's capsule fibroblast (TCF) proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition are implicated in this process but endogenous factors that regulate TCF functions remain largely elusive. This study sought to elucidate the role of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the regulation of TCF phenotypes and signaling...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mahsa Asheghan, Amidoddin Khatibi Aghda, Ebrahim Hashemi, Mohammadtaghi Hollisaz
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis is a common disease that causes pain and reduced range of motion, but vague on the shoulder. Woman are affected fewer than men, but there is no known racial or genetic tendency. Most patients with adhesive capsulitis will improve with nonsurgical treatment. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief in patients without contraindication are first-line options. Acupuncture considered being safe and effective in reducing pain. The aim of this study was to Investigation of the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of frozen shoulder...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Kathryn A Solka, Ira J Miller, Thomas M Schmid
Lubricin is a secreted, mucin-like glycoprotein and proteoglycan abundant in synovial fluid that provides boundary lubrication and prevents cell adhesion in synovial joints. The antilubricin S6.79 monoclonal antibody recognizes an O-linked glycopeptide epitope in lubricin's mucin domain. The central, long mucin domain of lubricin is extensively O-glycosylated with Gal(β1-3)GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr, and about two thirds of the O-glycosylated sites are capped with sialic acid. Our aim was to determine whether removal of sialic acid by sialidase could improve the detection of lubricin in a number of human tissues using the S6...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Chen-Yu Hung, Der-Sheng Han, Rong-Sen Yang, Chung-Hsun Chang, Chih-Peng Lin
BACKGROUND: The suprascapular nerve accounts for 70% of shoulder sensory innervations, and suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) has been shown to be effective in the relief of chronic shoulder pain including rotator cuff tendinitis, subdeltoid impingement syndrome, and adhesive capsulitis. However, this remains inconclusive for patients undergoing surgery. The present meta-analysis aimed to explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of SSNB for relieving acute post-operative shoulder pain...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Wonkee Wk Chang, Il-Young Jung, Jang-Hyuk Cho, Hyeoncheol Hwang, Keewon Kim, Sun G Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Michael Stenger, Kasper Klein, Rasmus B Grønnemose, Janne K Klitgaard, Hans J Kolmos, Jes S Lindholt, Martin Alm, Peter Thomsen, Thomas E Andersen
Approximately half of all nosocomial bloodstream infections are caused by bacterial colonization of vascular catheters. Attempts have been made to improve devices using anti-adhesive or antimicrobial coatings; however, it is often difficult to bind coatings stably to catheter materials, and the low amounts of drug in thin-film coatings limit effective long-term release. Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) are polymer hybrid materials with unique drug release properties. While IPNs have been extensively investigated for use in tablet- or capsule-based drug delivery systems, the potential for use of IPNs in drug release medical devices remains largely unexplored...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Sedigheh Asgary, Rasool Soltani, Saeide Mirvakili, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory condition. Many pro-inflammatory factors including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), and adhesion molecules including intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) are expressed in atherosclerotic lesions. The plants of genus Vaccinium are rich in anthocyanins with anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Vaccinium arctostaphylos fruit extract on the serum level of TNF-α, IL-6, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 in adult patients with mild hyperlipidemia to detect its possible inhibitory effects on progression of atherosclerosis...
July 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Salvador González-Mercado, Joel Mario Sandoval-Sandoval, Carlos Valdespino-Mejía, Eduardo González-González, Juan Narciso Ramírez-Robles, Benjamín Gómez-Navarro, Blanca Estela Dávalos-Delgadillo, Leticia Marquez-Leaño, Anais Ramírez-Arce, Elizabeth Andalón-Dueñas, Arturo Espinosa-Partida, Michel Dassaejv Macías-Amezcua, Alejandro González-Ojeda
BACKGROUND The incidence of surgical complications after kidney transplantation ranges from 10-25%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the application of fibrin glue as a preventive agent reduces surgical morbidity after a living-related-donor kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS A controlled clinical trial involving 78 recipients randomly assigned to receive fibrin glue and 79 in the control group without the application of fibrin glue. Patients were followed for six months after surgery...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Mana Iida, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Makio Shozu
We report a case of spontaneous parasitic leiomyoma in a 30-year-old post-partum woman. A subserosal leiomyoma had been noted at the first trimester screening, and she had experienced persistent abdominal pain during her previous pregnancy. She was referred to hospital with severe abdominal pain at 7 months after delivery. We detected a homogenous solid tumor that resembled the subserosal leiomyoma but was completely detached from the uterus. On laparoscopy the vascularization of the tumor was supplied from the omentum, which was tightly adherent to the tumor...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
P Barato, E R Martins, G M Vasquez, M Ramirez, J Melo-Cristino, N Martínez, C Iregui
Streptococcosis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae is one of the most important diseases in the tilapia aquaculture industry. The role of the capsule of Streptococcus agalactiae in adherence to fish surfaces has not been evaluated and the mechanism of capsular regulation during adhesion has not been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the capsule of S. agalactiae during adhesion to intestinal epithelium of tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) in an ex vivo infection model. We show that the capsule impairs the adhesion of bacteria to host intestinal epithelium...
September 2, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Jiao Zheng, Binglin Liu, Qixing Lun, Xiaopan Gu, Bo Pan, Yunfang Zhao, Wei Xiao, Jun Li, Pengfei Tu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chinese dragon's blood has been used to treat blood stasis for thousands of years. Its total phenolic extract (Longxuetongluo capsule, LTC) is used for the treatment of ischemic stroke; however, its protective effect against atherosclerosis remains poorly understood. This paper aims to investigate the antiatherosclerotic effect of LTC and the underlying mechanisms in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced ApoE(-/-) mice. METHODS: The levels of plasma lipid and areas of atherosclerotic lesions in the aortic sinus in ApoE(-/-) mice were evaluated...
August 23, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Kim Hwee Koh
Adhesive capsulitis is a common cause of shoulder pain and limited movement. The objectives of this review are to assess the efficacy and safety of corticosteroid injections for adhesive capsulitis and to evaluate the optimum dose and anatomical site of injections. PubMed and CENTRAL databases were searched for randomised trials and a total of ten trials were included. Results revealed that corticosteroid injection is superior to placebo and physiotherapy in the short-term (up to 12 weeks). There was no difference in outcomes between corticosteroid injection and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at 24 weeks...
August 29, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Taraneh Faghihi Langroudi, Maryam Khoiniha
Shoulder adhesive capsulitis is a condition mainly characterized by a decreased range of motion (ROM), with a lifelong prevalence of 2-5 %. Intra-articular steroid injection is an important treatment in this disease. It has been suggested that ultrasound-guided (US-guided) intra-articular injections are more accurate and effective than blind injections. This randomized clinical trial was designed to compare efficacy and accuracy of US-guided injections versus blind injections of steroid in the glenohumeral joint...
August 26, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"