Read by QxMD icon Read

Adhesive capsulitis

Gui Tran, Paul Cowling, Toby Smith, Julie Bury, Adam Lucas, Andrew Barr, Sarah R Kingsbury, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder symptoms are common and imaging is being increasingly used to help with management. However, the relationship between imaging and symptoms remain unclear. This review aims to understand the relationship between imaging-detected pathologies, symptoms and their persistence. METHODS: A systematic review using Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane and grey literature was conducted to April 2017. The cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between imaging-detected abnormalities and symptoms were analysed and associations qualitatively characterised by a best evidence synthesis based on study design, covariate adjustment and the Grade of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)...
March 7, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Thomas F McDaniel, Thomas W Sigrist, Gary M Johnson
Several manufacturers produce devices designed to warm composite resins used in restorative dentistry. Previous investigators have examined the effects of heating composite restorative resins prior to placement and polymerization. Heating has been reported to reduce viscosity, improve ease of placement, enhance monomer conversion, and reduce microleakage. The aim of the present study was to compare shear bond strengths of room temperature (22°C) and prewarmed (54°C) restorative composite resin. Extracted bovine mandibular incisors were sectioned sagittally and embedded in acrylic cylinders...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Krister Wiklund, Hanqing Zhang, Tim Stangner, Bhupender Singh, Esther Bullitt, Magnus Andersson
We report an interpolation model to calculate the hydrodynamic force on tethered capsule-shaped cells in micro-fluidic flows near a surface. Our model is based on numerical solutions of the full Navier-Stokes equations for capsule-shaped objects considering their geometry, aspect ratio and orientation with respect to fluid flow. The model reproduced the results from computational fluid dynamic simulations, with an average error of <0.15 % for objects with an aspect ratio up to 5, and the model exactly reproduced the Goldman approximation of spherical objects close to a surface...
March 6, 2018: Microbiology
R Bologna-Molina, T Mikami, V Pereira-Prado, G Tapia-Repetto, F R Pires, R Carlos, A Mosqueda-Taylor
Primordial odontogenic tumor (POT) is composed of variably cellular myxoid connective tissue, surrounded by cuboidal to columnar odontogenic epithelium resembling the inner epithelium of the enamel organ, which often invaginates into the underlying connective tissue. The tumor is delimited at least partially by a thin fibrous capsule. It derives from the early stages of tooth development. Syndecan-1 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that has a physiological role in several cellular functions, including maintenance of the epithelial architecture, cell-to-cell adhesion and interaction of cells with extracellular matrix, and with diverse growth factors, stimulating cell proliferation...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Luciano Mastronardi, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Raffaele Roperto
BACKGROUND: To describe the surgical management and postoperative course of two patients presenting with facial nerve (FN) paralysis as one of the presenting symptoms of small intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas (VS). METHODS: Among 153 patients operated for VS since September 2010 to August 2017, two adult female patients presented with rapidly progressive hearing decrease, vestibular symptoms, and FN paralysis (House-Brackmann grades III and IV, respectively)...
February 26, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Kun Cao, Jing Zhang, Xin-Yu Miao, Qiu-Xia Wei, Xin-Lu Zhao, Qing-Yu He, Xuesong Sun
Iron is an essential element for almost all bacteria. The iron ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters located on the cell membrane affects bacterial virulence and infection. Although a variety of Fe3+ -transporters have been found in bacteria, their evolutionary processes are rarely studied. Pneumococcal iron ABC transporter (PitA), a highly conserved Fe3+ -transporter in most pathogenic bacteria, influences the capsule formation and virulence of bacteria. However, multiple sequence alignment revealed that PitA is expressed in four different variants in bacteria, and the structural complexity of these variants increases progressively...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Anna Jungwirth-Weinberger, Christian Gerber, Glenn Boyce, Thorsten Jentzsch, Simon Roner, Dominik C Meyer
Background: Passive glenohumeral range of motion may be characteristically limited to specific shoulder pathologies. While pain associated with loss of range of passive external glenohumeral rotation is recognized as a salient feature in adhesive capsulitis, restriction of glenohumeral range of motion in calcific tendinitis of the supraspinatus tendon has never been studied. Hypothesis: On the basis of clinical observation, we hypothesized that calcific tendinitis of the supraspinatus tendon is associated with loss of passive glenohumeral abduction without loss of external rotation...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Ben R Hando, Daniel I Rhon, Robert E Boyles, Julie M Whitman, Jenny L English
Study Design: Case series study. Objectives: Although there have been no reported complications from translational manipulation under anesthesia (tMUA) for individuals with adhesive capsulitis (AC) there are no cases reporting surgical findings post tMUA. Also, there are no studies evaluating health care utilization following tMUA. The purpose of this study was to: (1) report clinical outcomes following tMUA, (2) describe relevant health care costs and utilization following tMUA, and (3) summarize findings from two cases receiving joint arthroscopy following tMUA...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
R Latino, Daniela Bosco, M E Frattallone, A Amico, R Lanteri, A Di Cataldo
Schwannoma is a rare tumor that develops from the Schwann cells in the nerve sheath. A 42 years old woman was found incidentally to have a bulky mass in epigastric region. Abdominal ultrasonography CT and MRI have been of aid to know the position and size of the tumor. A massive capsulated retroperitoneal lesion was identified. It moved forward the hepatoduodenal ligament, inferior vena cava laterally and aorta medially. The mass is exte-riorized and detached from adhesions. There were no complications after the operation and the patient was discharged on the fourth post-operative day...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad H Alghadir, Einas S Al-Eisa, Zaheen Ahmad Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dysfunction is a major cause of musculoskeletal pain in general population. A variety of shoulder disorders can cause a reduction in shoulder range of motion and subsequent disability. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the shoulder pain, range of motion, and disability in patients with shoulder dysfunction. METHODS: Sixty-four patients (49 men and 15 women) with shoulder disorders with a varying diagnosis including, adhesive capsulitis, rotator cuff injury, impingement syndrome, acromio-clavicular pain, and instability, participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bert Van den Bogerd, Sorcha Ní Dhubhghaill, Nadia Zakaria
The idea of transplanting a sheet of laboratory-grown corneal endothelium dates back to 1978; however, the ideal scaffold is still lacking. We hypothesized that human crystalline lens capsules (LCs) could qualify as a scaffold and aimed to characterize the properties of this material for endothelial tissue engineering. LCs were isolated from donor eyes, stored at -80 °C, and decellularized with water and trypsin-EDTA. The decellularization was investigated by nuclear staining and counting and the capsule thickness was determined by optical coherence tomography and compared with Descemet's membrane (DM)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Zahra Haeri Kermani, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Seyed Kazem Farahmand, Ali Akbar Raoof
Background and aim: Musculoskeletal disease, that is recognized in diabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM) has shown a higher prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal complications. This study aimed at assessing the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among patients with diabetes type II with normal cases in Mashhad, Iran. Methods: A cross-section of 100 patients with upper limb musculoskeletal disorders were enrolled in this study. The patients were examined by a unique physician considering carpal tunnel syndrome disorder, trigger finger, adhesive capsulitis, and Dupuytren's contracture at Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Yi Zhang, Wei Wang, Yifei Wang, Xiaohui Huang, Zhaohui Zhang, Bin Chen, Wenxuan Xie, Shaoqiang Li, Shunli Shen, Baogang Peng
Never in mitosis gene-A (NIMA)-related expressed kinase 2 (NEK2) has been recently reported to play a role in tumor progression, drug resistance and tumorigenesis. However, little is known about the effects of NEK2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis and the underlying mechanism. NEK2 expression levels were examined by immunochemistry, qRT‑PCR and western blot analyses in HCC cell lines and HCC tissues. A Transwell assay was used to determine the migration and invasion capacity of NEK2-silenced or NEK2-overexpressing HCC cells...
January 22, 2018: Oncology Reports
Haley R Pipkins, Jessica L Bradshaw, Lance E Keller, Larry S McDaniel
Background: Current Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccines selectively target capsular polysaccharide of specific serotypes, leading to an increase in nonencapsulated S. pneumoniae (NESp). Cocolonization by encapsulated pneumococci and NESp increases the opportunity of intra-species genetic exchange. Acquisition of NESp genes by encapsulated pneumococci could alter virulence and help vaccine-targeted serotypes persist in the host. Methods: Adhesion and invasion assay were performed using immortalized human pharyngeal or lung epithelial cells...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Jiamin Zhang, Yingnan Zhu, Jiayin Song, Jing Yang, Chao Pan, Tong Xu, Lei Zhang
Foreign-body reaction (FBR) has been a long-term obstacle for implantable biomedical devices and materials, especially those require mass/signal transport between the implants and the body. However, currently very limited biomaterials can mitigate FBR. In this work, we develop a balanced charged polyelectrolytes hydrogel that can efficiently resist FBR and collagenous capsule formation in a mouse model. Using this new strategy, we can easily tune the antifouling properties of the polyelectrolytes hydrogels by changing the ratio of negatively charged alginate and positively charged poly (ethylene imine) (PEI)...
February 2, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Trevor S Mafu, Alison V September, Delva Shamley
Shoulder morbidity is a well-documented sequela of breast cancer treatment, which includes various manifestations such as pain, reduced range of motion, and lymphedema, among others. The multifactorial nature of such morbidities has long been appreciated, and research on reliable risk predictors of development thereof still continues. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential of different types of physical therapy to treat such shoulder problems, and the integration of such interventions into routine care for breast cancer survivors is a requirement in most high-income countries...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Leanne M Taylor-Smith
The fungal pathogen, Cryptococcus neoformans, causes devastating levels of morbidity and mortality. Infections with this fungus tend to be predominantly in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV. Infections initiate with inhalation of cryptococcal cells and entry of the pathogen into the lungs. The bronchial epithelial cells of the upper airway and the alveolar epithelial cells of the lower airway are likely to be the first host cells that Cryptococcus engage with. Thus the interaction of cryptococci and the respiratory epithelia will be the focus of this review...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
R Vladareanu, D Mihu, M Mitran, C Mehedintu, A Boiangiu, M Manolache, S Vladareanu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate activity and tolerability of an oral product containing the specific probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum P17630 on vaginal colonization of lactic acid bacteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: L. plantarum P17630 (5x109 CFU/capsule) or placebo were formulated in capsules and administrated orally to a total of 93 women with a history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis over a period of 3 treatment cycles (15 days/cycle) separated by 15-day wash-out intervals...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Min A Yoon, Suk-Joo Hong, Sun Hong, Chang Ho Kang, Baek Hyun Kim, In Seong Kim
Objective: To investigate the association between the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of adhesive capsulitis and shoulder muscle fat percentages using a multi-echo Dixon method. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four patients with clinical diagnoses of adhesive capsulitis and either intact rotator cuffs or Ellman grade 1 partial tears as indicated by MRI scans were included. Two radiologists independently evaluated MRI scans of adhesive capsulitis as follows: presence or absence of axillary recess capsular and extracapsular hyperintensities; thickness of the coracohumeral ligament; thickness of abnormal rotator interval soft tissue; and thickness of glenoidal/humeral axillary recess capsules...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
C I Lorda-Diez, J A Montero, C Sanchez-Fernandez, J A Garcia-Porrero, J Chimal-Monroy, J M Hurle
FHL2 is a multifunctional scaffolding protein of well-known function regulating cell signaling cascades and gene transcription in cancer tissues. However, its function in embryonic systems is poorly characterized. Here, we show that Fhl2 is involved in the differentiation of connective tissues of developing limb autopod. We show that Fhl2 exhibits spatially restricted and temporally dynamic expression around the tendons of developing digits, interphalangeal joint capsules, and fibrous peridigital tissue. Immunolabeling analysis of the skeletal progenitors identified a predominant, but not exclusive, cytoplasmic distribution of FHL2 being associated with focal adhesions and actin cytoskeleton...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"