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Aesthetic plastic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750118/modification-of-chin-projection-and-aesthetics-with-onabotulinumtoxina-injection
#1
Amy K Hsu, Andrew S Frankel
Importance: Because of the soft-tissue envelope and the dimensional complexity of the muscular contraction of the mentalis muscle, the projection and shape of the chin is not determined by only the bony projection. In a subset of patients with a seemingly underprojected chin, a hyperactive, high-riding mentalis muscle contributes to a blunted chin contour. Objective: To evaluate the use of onabotulinumtoxinA (botulinum toxin A) for improving chin aesthetics in patients with an underprojected bony chin and a high-riding hyperactive mentalis muscle...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731141/botulinum-toxin-a-improves-adipose-tissue-engraftment-by-promoting-cell-proliferation-adipogenesis-and-angiogenesis
#2
Qi Tang, Chang Chen, Xiaqi Wang, Wei Li, Yan Zhang, Muyao Wang, Wei Jing, Hang Wang, Weihua Guo, Weidong Tian
Adipose tissue engraftment has become a well-established therapy in plastic and reconstructive surgery used to restore age-related or injury-related soft tissue loss. However, the unpredictable absorption rates limit its further application. Some clinicians have noted that more optimal aesthetic results are achieved when botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) is applied prior to adipose tissue grafting. In the present study, we transplanted allogeneic adipose tissue treated with or without BoNTA in SD rats in vivo. We subsequently evaluated the survival rate (weight, volume, apoptosis and cellular integrity) and revascularization of the adipose tissue...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#3
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700281/eyebrow-reconstruction
#4
Edwin Figueira, Sara Wasserbauer, Albert Wu, Shyamala C Huilgol, Mario Marzola, Dinesh Selva
This is a systematic review of eyebrow reconstruction options, using the PubMed database, as well as dermatology and plastic surgery texts. Eyebrow reconstruction options in various clinical scenarios (small, large, medial, lateral, and total defects) are presented. The goals of eyebrow reconstruction are to provide structural, functional, and aesthetic restoration. A good understanding of various eyebrow reconstruction techniques is essential for plastic, dermatologic, and oculoplastic surgeons.
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678328/oncoplastic-breast-surgery-comprehensive-review
#5
N Bertozzi, M Pesce, P L Santi, E Raposio
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Western populations, affecting 12.5% of women, with 1.38 million patients per year. Breast-conserving surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy replaced the radical and modified-radical procedures of Halsted and Patey as the standard of care for early-stage breast cancer once the overall and disease-free survival rates of breast-conserving surgery were demonstrated to be equivalent to those of mastectomy. However, excision of >20% of breast tissue, low or centrally located cancer, and large-sized breasts with various grades of breast ptosis, result a in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678141/prevalence-of-rare-craniofacial-clefts
#6
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Farhood Goravanchi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: Craniofacial clefts are extremely rare congenital malformations that have adverse functional, psychosocial, and aesthetic effects on patients' life. Although the exact incidence is unclear, it is estimated between 1.4 and 4.9 per 100,000 live births. Prevalence of the rare craniofacial clefts is imprecise due to the paucity of literature as well as their etiologies. METHODS: All the patients with rare craniofacial clefts during 10 years in a plastic surgery tertiary referral hospital were included, and Tessier craniofacial clefting classification was used for classifying the clefts...
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672929/evaluation-of-clinical-curative-effects-of-disposable-stitching-instrument-in-redundant-prepuce-patients
#7
Haitao Wang, Ningjie Chen, Ran Huo, Jincun Yang, Xia Li, Nan Xing
The present study aimed to investigate the clinical curative effect of disposable stitching instrument operation in patients with redundant prepuce or phimosis. A total of 102 cases of patients with circumcision were randomly selected (from June 2013 to December 2014) from the department of plastic and aesthetic surgery of our hospital and were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=51). Patients in the control group were treated by traditional circumcision operation, while patients in the observation group were treated by novel disposable circumcision stitching instrument...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655336/a-survey-of-current-state-of-training-of-plastic-surgery-residents
#8
Asra Hashmi, Faraz A Khan, Floyd Herman, Nathan Narasimhan, Shaher Khan, Carrie Kubiak, Eti Gursel, David A Edelman
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery training is undergoing major changes however there is paucity of data detailing the current state of training as perceived by plastic surgical trainees. Our aim was to determine the quality of training as perceived by the current trainee pool and their future plans. METHODS: A 25-item anonymous survey with three discrete sections (demographics, quality of training, and post-graduate career plans) was developed and distributed to plastic surgery residents during the academic year 2013...
June 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#9
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654582/predictors-classification-and-management-of-umbilical-complications-in-diep-flap-breast-reconstruction
#10
Min-Jeong Cho, Sumeet S Teotia, Nicholas T Haddock
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap has become the workhorse flap for autologous breast reconstruction. Despite increased reports on DIEP flaps, umbilical complications have not been previously studied. The aesthetics of the umbilicus dictates the beauty of the abdomen, and it is critical for plastic surgeons to minimize the scarring of the umbilicus. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent DIEP flaps to determine the predictors of umbilical complications, and created a classification system of these wounds...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639068/what-about-the-rheological-properties-of%C3%A2-prp-microfat-mixtures-in-fat-grafting-procedure
#11
R Ghazouane, B Bertrand, C Philandrianos, J Veran, M Abellan, P Francois, M Velier, C Orneto, P Piccerelle, J Magalon
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting has emerged as a reference procedure in daily plastic surgery practice. Unpredictable fat resorption is the main clinical problem. For this purpose, the addition of PRP to enhance fat revascularization is now an easy and popular procedure. However, no consensus exists regarding the respective volume of fat and PRP used to obtain the ideal mixture. This study investigated the rheological properties of microfat mixed with different proportions of PRP. Results obtained were compared with commercialized hyaluronic acid fillers...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625821/the-use-of-study-registration-and-protocols-in-plastic-surgery-research-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Christopher Limb, Riaz A Agha, Katharine Whitehurst, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Georgina Wellstead, Alexander J Fowler, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the Declaration of Helsinki changed to mandate that all research studies involving human subjects, rather than just clinical trials alone, must have a protocol registered in a publicly accessible database prior to the enrolment of the first patient. The objective of this work was to assess the number of research studies involving human participants published in leading journals of plastic surgery that had either published a protocol or registered a protocol with a publicly accessible database...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615817/advocacy-and-mass-education-in-plastic-surgery-efforts-and-outcomes
#13
Nikhil Shrikrishna Panse
BACKGROUND: Awareness of plastic surgery is lacking. Be it reconstructive surgery, or aesthetic surgery, public education and awareness regarding the spectrum is the need of the hour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a string of activities for patient awareness and education for burn prevention, occupational hand injuries prevention, skin banking awareness and various other conditions relevant to us as plastic surgeons. Use of social media helped us for increasing the reach of our projects...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614976/perception-of-symmetry-in-aesthetic-rhinoplasty-patients-anthropometric-demographic-and-psychological-analysis
#14
Ozan Luay Abbas, Ayla Kurkcuoglu, Cigdem Derya Aytop, Cengiz Uysal, Can Pelin
Visual perception of symmetry is a major determinant of satisfaction after aesthetic rhinoplasty. In this study, we sought to investigate the existence of any relationship between anthropometric characteristics of the face and visual perceptions of asymmetry among rhinoplasty patients and to evaluate tools that can shed light on patients who appear at high risk for exaggerating potential asymmetries. In the first part, 168 rhinoplasty patients were asked to fill out the demographic questionnaire, nasal shape evaluation scale, and the somatosensory amplification scale...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597066/effects-of-fat-grafting-containing-stem-cells-in-microstomia-and-microcheilia-derived-from-systemic-sclerosis
#15
Oskar Blezien, Francesco D'Andrea, Giovanni Francesco Nicoletti, Giuseppe Andrea Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement, dominated by a general fibrosis. The early stage of the disease is associated with progressive damage to microcirculation, particularly in the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract and skin. The face assumes a typical appearance characterized by microstomia (reduction of mouth opening) and microcheilia (thinning of the lips). These conditions cause a considerable reduction in performance status of patients...
June 8, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593889/circonscript-subcutaneous-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-head
#16
Vladimir Mirchevski, Elizabeta Zogovska, Aleksandar Chaparoski, Venko Filipce, Milenko Kostov, Mirko Mishel Mirchevski
The aim of this study is to show the various possibilities to treat this rare malformation, accentuating the results of the early surgical treatment before complications. MATERIAL: The authors present 8 cases of patients with subcutaneous arteriovenous malformations, 5 females and 3 males (age of 7, 13, 19, 23, 27, 52 and 58 years) treated in the period of 1999 until 2015 at the Clinic for Neurosurgery and the Clinic for Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585321/delayed-onset-filler-complication-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#17
Hyeree Kim, Sang Hyun Cho, Jeong Deuk Lee, Hei Sung Kim
Soft tissue augmentation by fillers has become a popular cosmetic tool to offer rejuvenation and aesthetic improvement. Its results are comparable to those previously achieved only by plastic surgery. However, marked increase of filler procedures is associated with a great number of complications. Complications associated with filler injection might have early onset (within days) or late onset (after weeks to years). Delayed complications include infections, foreign body granulomatous reaction, migration of filler material, persistent discoloration, and scarring...
June 6, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571070/preoperative-simulation-in-planning-rhinoplasty-evaluation-from-patients-and-surgeons-perspectives
#18
İbrahim Alper Aksakal, Musa Kemal Keles, Murat Sinan Engin, İlhami Oğuzhan Aydoğdu, İsmail Küçüker
Among aesthetic surgery procedures, rhinoplasty is one of the most common. Preoperative simulations have become increasingly commonplace through the recent years along with a controversy regarding their use. Although capable of building a solid rapport between the surgeon and the patient by visualizing the end result, it can also prove to be a liability for a surgeon who is not confident about delivering the result which has been put on screen. The objective of this study is to evaluate the outlook of the surgeons and patients on preoperative simulations...
June 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561236/-quo-vadis-dgpr%C3%A3-c-associated-members-goals-for-the-future
#19
Jonas Kolbenschlag, Felix Paprottka, Juri Wagner, Ole Goertz, Jutta Liebau, Adrien Daigeler, Raymund E Horch, Marcus Lehnhardt
Plastic surgery is extremely diverse and offers various fields of work. To provide optimal support for plastic surgeons in training, it is therefore paramount to know their mid- and long-term goals. To that end, we conducted a web-based survey among the 462 associated members of the German Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC). Besides asking questions about the current status, we specifically inquired about the pursued setting and main area of work. 84 completed questionnaires were evaluated...
May 30, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538063/analysis-of-scalp-and-forehead-injuries-in-a-level-i-trauma-center
#20
Kelly B Currie, Phillip Ross, Peter Collister, Raffi Gurunluoglu
Traumatic scalp and forehead injuries are frequently encountered in the acute setting in Level I trauma centers. This is a Level IV Therapeutic/Care Management article describing a retrospective review that analyzed a single Plastic and Reconstructive surgeon's experience treating these injuries in patients, over an 8-year period from 2006 to 2014. Fewer complications were seen in patients treated within 7 days of injury. When treating these patients, a surgeon should possess several key attributes. The ability to perform adequate primary debridement, knowledge, and familiarity with the intricate anatomy in this region, and experience with simple and complex reconstructive algorithms-are all crucial to obtaining optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes in this anatomic region...
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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