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Aesthetic plastic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930781/is-article-methodological-quality-associated-with-conflicts-of-interest-an-analysis-of-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#1
Brian H Cho, Joseph Lopez, Jessica Means, Sandra Lopez, Jacqueline Milton, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
PURPOSE: Conflicts of interest (COI) are an emerging area of discussion within the field of plastic surgery. Recently, several reports have found that research studies that disclose COI are associated with publication of positive outcomes. We hypothesize that this association is driven by higher-quality studies receiving industry funding. This study aimed to investigate the association between industry support and study methodological quality. METHODS: We reviewed all entries in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery within a 1-year period encompassing 2013...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929073/septorhinoplasty-our-experience
#2
Jaimanti Bakshi, Sourabha K Patro
Rhinoplasty is one of the oldest known surgeries to the human kind. However, being a cosmetic of surgery of utmost importance, it has been an attractive and fascinating surgery for the otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons. Along with the evolution of improved techniques and better surgical modalities, this surgery has been growing in panorama including its indications, needs and techniques. We present our experience with rhinoplasty in a tertiary care center of north India. We have included all cases operated with septorhinoplasty from 2001 to 2014 by the senior author in the manuscript...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913293/facial-flap-repositioning-in-posttraumatic-facial-asymmetry
#3
Il Hwan Byun, Dahn Byun, Woo Yeol Baek
Perfect facial and body symmetry is an important aesthetic concept which is very difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. Yet, facial asymmetries are commonly encountered by plastic and reconstructive surgeons. Here, we present a case of posttraumatic facial asymmetry successfully treated with a unique concept of facial flap repositioning. A 25-year-old male patient visited our department with severe posttraumatic facial asymmetry. There was deviated nasal bone and implant to the right, and the actual facial appearance asymmetry was much more severe compared to the computed tomography, generally shifted to the right...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#4
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859184/a-dual-approach-to-understanding-facial-perception-before-and-after-blepharoplasty
#5
Kristin L Bater, Masaru Ishii, Jason C Nellis, Andrew Joseph, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: Blepharoplasty consistently ranks among the most common facial plastic surgery procedure sought by both men and women. Despite the popularity of blepharoplasty, there has been little research focused on quantifying how eyelid surgery changes facial perceptions. Objectives: To quantify the effect of blepharoplasty on facial perceptions and measure patient-reported ratings of fatigue before and after surgery to compare observer and patient perceptions...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837737/comparison-of-w-plasty-and-straight-line-trichophytic-closure-on-aesthetic-outcomes-of-occipital-hairline-scars-in-rhytidectomy
#6
Sudeep Roy, Edward D Buckingham
Importance: Incision placement and design in rhytidectomy is critical for patient satisfaction. Objective: To evaluate the aesthetic outcome of W-plasty vs traditional straight-line (SL) trichophytic closure techniques on posterior occipital hairline scars in rhytidectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Buckingham Center for Facial Plastic Surgery. Clinical history and operative reports were reviewed for 46 patients who underwent rhytidectomy (23 using W-plasty and 23 using SL technique) between June 1, 2014 and August 31, 2015...
August 24, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826296/recent-progresses-in-plastic-surgery-using-adipose-derived-stem-cells-biomaterials-and-growth-factors
#7
Farshad Zarei, Babak Negahdari
Plastic and reconstructive surgery is a distinct specialty, which entails craniofacial and hand surgery; trauma, oncologic and congenital reconstruction; burn care, and aesthetic surgery. However, advances in nanotechnology have significantly affected wound management, skin care, implant and prosthetic design, tissue engineering, and drug delivery systems. Presently, plastic surgeons are applying the efficacy of stem cells (ADSCs), biomaterials and growth factors in different facets of plastic surgery. In this review, we will elucidate the applications of stem cells, biomaterials and growth factors in plastic surgeries...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807253/interdisciplinary-reconstruction-of-oncological-resections-at-the-skull-base-scalp-and-facial-region
#8
REVIEW
P M Vogt, T R Mett, G F Broelsch, C Radtke, N-C Gellrich, J K Krauss, M Samii, R Ipaktchi
Extensive bone and soft tissue defects of the skull require unique plastic and reconstructive techniques to avoid and optimize aesthetic appearance following oncological resections. Procedures are ideally planned in an interdisciplinary board composed of neurosurgery, otorhinolaryngology, plastic and reconstructive surgery to facilitate reconstructive procedures of soft tissue and bone as early as possible in one approach. Large resections may require plastic surgery involvement from the beginning. Herein, we describe the function of a multidisciplinary approach to complex oncologic resections of the cranial base, scalp, and facial regions for neuro-oncologic patients...
September 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806293/-optimizing-your-post-surgical-scars-a-systematic-review-on-best-practices-in-preventative-scar-management-1
#9
Justin L Perez, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: Scar management is critical for every plastic surgeon's practice and, ultimately, the patient's satisfaction with his or her aesthetic result. Despite the critical nature of this component of routine post-operative care, there has yet to be a comprehensive analysis of the available literature over the last decade to assess the best algorithmic approach to scar care. To this end, a systematic review of best practices in preventative scar management was conducted to elucidate the highest level of evidence available on this subject to date...
August 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763813/-the-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-screening-methods
#10
K S Houschyar, H M Philipps, D Duscher, S Rein, K Weissenberg, I Nietzschmann, Z N Maan, M N Pyles, F Siemers
Background The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Thus, the identification of signs for a BDD is crucial, whether a patient should be operated plastically-aesthetically...
August 1, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#11
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750118/modification-of-chin-projection-and-aesthetics-with-onabotulinumtoxina-injection
#12
Amy K Hsu, Andrew S Frankel
Importance: Because of the soft-tissue envelope and the dimensional complexity of the muscular contraction of the mentalis muscle, the projection and shape of the chin is not determined by only the bony projection. In a subset of patients with a seemingly underprojected chin, a hyperactive, high-riding mentalis muscle contributes to a blunted chin contour. Objective: To evaluate the use of onabotulinumtoxinA (botulinum toxin A) for improving chin aesthetics in patients with an underprojected bony chin and a high-riding hyperactive mentalis muscle...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731141/botulinum-toxin-a-improves-adipose-tissue-engraftment-by-promoting-cell-proliferation-adipogenesis-and-angiogenesis
#13
Qi Tang, Chang Chen, Xiaqi Wang, Wei Li, Yan Zhang, Muyao Wang, Wei Jing, Hang Wang, Weihua Guo, Weidong Tian
Adipose tissue engraftment has become a well-established therapy in plastic and reconstructive surgery used to restore age-related or injury-related soft tissue loss. However, the unpredictable absorption rates limit its further application. Some clinicians have noted that more optimal aesthetic results are achieved when botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) is applied prior to adipose tissue grafting. In the present study, we transplanted allogeneic adipose tissue treated with or without BoNTA in SD rats in vivo. We subsequently evaluated the survival rate (weight, volume, apoptosis and cellular integrity) and revascularization of the adipose tissue...
September 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#14
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700281/eyebrow-reconstruction
#15
Edwin Figueira, Sara Wasserbauer, Albert Wu, Shyamala C Huilgol, Mario Marzola, Dinesh Selva
This is a systematic review of eyebrow reconstruction options, using the PubMed database, as well as dermatology and plastic surgery texts. Eyebrow reconstruction options in various clinical scenarios (small, large, medial, lateral, and total defects) are presented. The goals of eyebrow reconstruction are to provide structural, functional, and aesthetic restoration. A good understanding of various eyebrow reconstruction techniques is essential for plastic, dermatologic, and oculoplastic surgeons.
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678328/oncoplastic-breast-surgery-comprehensive-review
#16
N Bertozzi, M Pesce, P L Santi, E Raposio
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Western populations, affecting 12.5% of women, with 1.38 million patients per year. Breast-conserving surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy replaced the radical and modified-radical procedures of Halsted and Patey as the standard of care for early-stage breast cancer once the overall and disease-free survival rates of breast-conserving surgery were demonstrated to be equivalent to those of mastectomy. However, excision of >20% of breast tissue, low or centrally located cancer, and large-sized breasts with various grades of breast ptosis, result a in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678141/prevalence-of-rare-craniofacial-clefts
#17
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Farhood Goravanchi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: Craniofacial clefts are extremely rare congenital malformations that have adverse functional, psychosocial, and aesthetic effects on patients' life. Although the exact incidence is unclear, it is estimated between 1.4 and 4.9 per 100,000 live births. Prevalence of the rare craniofacial clefts is imprecise due to the paucity of literature as well as their etiologies. METHODS: All the patients with rare craniofacial clefts during 10 years in a plastic surgery tertiary referral hospital were included, and Tessier craniofacial clefting classification was used for classifying the clefts...
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672929/evaluation-of-clinical-curative-effects-of-disposable-stitching-instrument-in-redundant-prepuce-patients
#18
Haitao Wang, Ningjie Chen, Ran Huo, Jincun Yang, Xia Li, Nan Xing
The present study aimed to investigate the clinical curative effect of disposable stitching instrument operation in patients with redundant prepuce or phimosis. A total of 102 cases of patients with circumcision were randomly selected (from June 2013 to December 2014) from the department of plastic and aesthetic surgery of our hospital and were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=51). Patients in the control group were treated by traditional circumcision operation, while patients in the observation group were treated by novel disposable circumcision stitching instrument...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655336/a-survey-of-current-state-of-training-of-plastic-surgery-residents
#19
Asra Hashmi, Faraz A Khan, Floyd Herman, Nathan Narasimhan, Shaher Khan, Carrie Kubiak, Eti Gursel, David A Edelman
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery training is undergoing major changes however there is paucity of data detailing the current state of training as perceived by plastic surgical trainees. Our aim was to determine the quality of training as perceived by the current trainee pool and their future plans. METHODS: A 25-item anonymous survey with three discrete sections (demographics, quality of training, and post-graduate career plans) was developed and distributed to plastic surgery residents during the academic year 2013...
June 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#20
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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