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Aesthetic plastic surgery

Anna R Schoenbrunner, Kristen D Kelley, Taylor Buckstaff, Joyce K McIntyre, Alicia Sigler, Amanda A Gosman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mexican cleft surgeons provide multidisciplinary comprehensive cleft lip and palate care to children in Mexico. Many Mexican cleft surgeons have extensive experience with foreign, visiting surgeons. The purpose of this study was to characterize Mexican cleft surgeons' domestic and volunteer practice and to learn more about Mexican cleft surgeons' experience with visiting surgeons. METHODS: A cross-sectional validated e-mail survey tool was sent to Mexican cleft surgeons through 2 Mexican plastic surgery societies and the Asociación Mexicana de Labio y Paladar Hendido y Anomalías Craneofaciales, the national cleft palate society that includes plastic and maxillofacial surgeons who specialize in cleft surgery...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Hai-Chun Ni, Jie-Cong Wang, Jia-Ming Sun, Neng-Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of nasal tip defects presents a significant challenge for plastic surgeons. The form, function, and aesthetic appeal of all nasal subunits must be addressed. The expanded paramedian forehead flap is a good choice for nasal reconstruction, providing similar texture, structure, and skin color, and high reliability. This article discusses the authors' modification of the expanded paramedian forehead flap in reconstructing defects on or around the nasal tip. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with nasal defects located on or around the nasal tip were treated in our institution...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Michael J Ingargiola, Felipe Molina Burbano, Amy Yao, Saba Motakef, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Nikki M Burish, Lisa R David, Peter J Taub
Background: The recently increased minimum aesthetic surgery requirements set by the Plastic Surgery Residency Review Committee of the ACGME highlight the importance of aesthetic surgery training for plastic surgery residents. Participation in resident aesthetic surgery clinics has become an important tool to achieve this goal. Yet, there is little literature on the current structure of these clinics. Objectives: The authors sought to evaluate current practices of aesthetic resident-run clinics in the United States...
March 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
A Llobet, N Nieto, A Damecourt, S Galmiche, M de Boutray
INTRODUCTION: The omental free flap is an effective tool for craniofacial reconstruction. However it is generally under-utilised by a large number of practitioners. This paper's goal is to increase awareness of this free flap's accessibility and to demonstrate that it can be an attractive option for reconstructive surgery. CLINICAL REPORT: This article outlines the details of a 57-year-old patient who required coverage of a fronto-parietal wound with dura mater exposure...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Vimont, Arnaud, A Rouffet, J-P Giot, A S Florczak, P Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Preserving the integrity of the eyelid margin in eyelid reconstruction remains a challenge for plastic surgeons. In 1976, Hübner described a technique to repair full-thickness eyelid defects using a tarsomarginal graft covered with a local flap. This simple technique addresses both functional and aesthetic requirements of eyelid reconstruction by using tissue from the contralateral eyelid. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate role of this uncommon technique in eyelid reconstruction...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Burak Özkan, Abbas Albayati, Atilla Adnan Eyüboğlu, Ahmet Çağrı Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertaş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Robert F Centeno, Aditya Sood, Vernon Leroy Young
Despite the acceptance of gluteal augmentation procedures into today's mainstream of plastic surgery procedures, clinical anatomy continues to play a critical role in improving outcomes in aesthetic gluteal contouring. In this rapidly growing and evolving field, avoiding complications is imperative for the continuing advancement and acceptance of this group of procedures into the armamentarium of every plastic surgeon. This article highlights the clinically relevant anatomy important to improving patient satisfaction and avoiding complications...
April 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Francesco D'Andrea, Luca D'Andrea, Ercole Manzi
BACKGROUND: Post-operative oedema and ecchymosis represent early post-operative complications, impacting negatively on the final aesthetic outcome of each surgical procedure. In particular, such complications are very frustrating for patients and-sometimes-are difficult to be managed by surgeons. Several strategies are available for managing oedema, although some side effects have been reported. A new promising compound for the management of oedema is Venoplant, and this study aims to assess its effectiveness in decreasing post-operative oedema...
March 5, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Mirko S Gilardino
Background: Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum. Objectives: To perform face, content and construct validations of the MAMO simulator for subpectoral breast augmentation procedures and assess the reliability of the assessment scales used...
January 3, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
A Portincasa, E M C Trecca, F Ciancio, L Annacontini, P Bufo, F Fortunato, L Cecchino, D Parisi, M Cassano
Skin and soft tissue reconstruction represents one of the most debated issues of plastic surgery. The advent of regenerative medicine has shown new pathways with the use of lipofilling and dermal regeneration templates. The aim of this study was to investigate the histological and clinical modifications occurring after lipofilling in the areas previously reconstructed with Integra® and an autologous thin dermal-epidermal graft. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis were performed on nine patients to compare skin before and after lipofilling...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Farhan Ahmed Eitezaz, Mamoon Rashid, Shumaila Yousaf, Ishtiaq -Ur-Rehman, Samia Fatima, Mehreen Masud, Aamna Sanober, Adeela Hussain Khan, Haroon Ur Rashid
BACKGROUND: Maxilla is perhaps the most essential and visible part of the mid-face. It is a threedimensional structure and when reconstructing maxillectomy defects the principles of aesthetics as well as the best functional outcomes are taken into account. The aim of this study is to compare the Anterolateral Thigh Flap (ALTF) to the standard option like the Rectus Abdominis Free Flap (RAMFF) for the reconstruction of complex maxillary defects. METHODS: This descriptive case series was conducted at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan from 2009 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Doaa Andejani, M Amir Mrad
INTRODUCTION: Frontal sinus enlargement has been classified into hypersinus, pneumosinus dilatans and pneumocele. CASE REPORT: A young male presented with aesthetic concerns regarding his forehead swelling. The patient had no functional disturbances. Radiographic assessment proved expansion of the frontal sinus with extreme thinning of the frontal bone. DISCUSSION: The causes of frontal sinus expansion have been listed along with a proposed management plan for each type...
February 28, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Bok Ki Jung, In Sik Yun, Young Seok Kim, Tai Suk Roh
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic operations in the world. In Korea, one of the fillers used for breast augmentation is AQUAfilling® gel (Biomedica. spol, s,r,o, Czech Republic). AQUAfilling® gel is a hydrophilic gel composed of 98% sodium chloride solution (0.9%) and 2% cation copolyamide. METHODS: This is a case report describing a patient that suffered complications after AQUAfilling® gel injection for breast augmentation...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Cheng Zhang, Xiaoshuang Guo, Xuefeng Han, Yi Tian, Xiaolei Jin
BACKGROUND: Photography plays a pivotal role in patient education, photo-documentation, preoperative planning and postsurgical evaluation in plastic surgeries. It has long been serving as a bridge that facilitated communication not only between patients and doctors, but also among plastic surgeons from different countries. Although several basic principles and photographic methods have been proposed, there is no internationally accepted photography that could provide both static and dynamic information in blepharoplasty...
February 26, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Amin Kalaaji, Stine Dreyer, Jannika Brinkmann, Ivana Maric, Cathrine Nordahl, Kjell Olafsen
Background: Research regarding quality of life (QoL) among women who underwent breast aesthetic surgery is expanding. A comparative, anonymous study between two main breast aesthetic procedures is needed. Objective: The authors compared patient characteristics and aspects of QoL among women who underwent breast enlargement with implants (BI group) and those who underwent augmentation mastopexy (AM group). Methods: Patients at the Oslo Plastic Surgery Clinic were given a 47-question survey to measure QoL...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Kun Hwang, XiaJing Wu
The aim of this study was to determine how many papers have been retracted or withdrawn, and for what reason, in journals relating to plastic surgery.PubMed and SCOPUS were used, with the search terms (retracted OR withdrawn) AND (article OR publication OR paper) AND {(plastic surgery) OR (cosmetic surgery) OR (maxillofacial surgery) OR (craniofacial surgery)}. The papers were analyzed and classified according to the reason for retraction or withdrawal, journal name, publication year, and author. In the PubMed and SCOPUS, 227 and 114 titles were found, respectively, from which 34 duplicate titles were removed...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Yoshiko Toyoda, Karel-Bart Celie, Jonathan T Xu, Justin S Buro, Julia Jin, Alexandra J Lin, Kristy A Brown, Jason A Spector
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a known risk factor for the development and prognosis of breast cancer. Adipocytes have been identified as a source of exogenous lipids in other cancer types and may similarly provide energy to fuel malignant survival and growth in breast cancer. This relationship is of particular relevance to plastic surgery, because many reconstructions after oncologic mastectomy achieve optimal aesthetics and durability using adjunctive autologous fat transfer (AFT). Despite the increasing ubiquity and promise of AFT, many unanswered questions remain, including safety in the setting of breast cancer...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Lawrence Z Cai, John A M Paro, Gordon K Lee, Rahim S Nazerali
BACKGROUND: Aesthetics plays a large role in determining a successful outcome in plastic and reconstructive surgery. As such, understanding perceptions of favorable aesthetics is crucial for optimizing patient satisfaction. Eye-tracking technology offers an unbiased way of measuring how viewers evaluate breast reconstructions. METHODS: Twenty-nine raters with varied plastic surgery experience were shown 20 images of breast reconstruction at various stages. Breasts were divided into those with nipples and no reconstruction scars, those with nipples and reconstruction scars, and those with reconstruction scars and no nipples...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Yifei Gu, Wenxin Yu, Yunbo Jin, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Shih-Jen Chang, Xiaoxi Lin
Importance: Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) is a widely used alloplast, but studies of augmentation of the nasal tip and nasal dorsum with ePTFE are lacking. Objective: To investigate whether attaching the conchal cartilage as shield grafts at the distal end of the graft can prevent extrusion and whether the use of ePTFE in the nasal tip can achieve a stable aesthetic outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was performed from April 1, 2006, to October 31, 2008...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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