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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#1
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#2
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643660/glue-mesh-fixation-feasibility-tolerance-and-complication-assessment-results-24months-after-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy
#3
P Panel, F Soffray, E Roussillon, C Devins, M Brouziyne, S Abramowicz
AIM: This study aims to assess short- and mid-term feasibility, strength and tolerance of glue mesh fixation for laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, as well as postoperative quality of sexual activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This original prospective clinical study was carried out in multiple university surgical centres between 2012 and 2013. Data were obtained during immediate postoperative hospitalisation, at 3 and at 24 months postoperatively. For a total of 42 patients subjected to laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, bladder catheterization and hospitalisation times, pain score, early and late postoperative complications, prolapse staging according to POP-Q classification, and quality of sexual activity were registered...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643546/sexual-abuse-within-employment-settings-a-comparison-of-work-related-intra-and-extra-familial-child-molesters
#4
Diana M Falkenbach, Antonia Foehse, Elizabeth Jeglic, Cynthia Calkins, Linsey Raymaekers
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem not only in the community but also in institutional settings such as youth-serving organizations, churches, and schools. Although research has started to examine the problem of abuse in institutional settings, there remains a dearth of information about the nature and context of CSA in different employment settings, including those that do not specifically cater to children. In addition, research on the similarities and differences between perpetrators who work with children and other sex offenders is scarce...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642048/sexual-consequences-of-post-ssri-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Yacov Reisman
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunctions are well-known side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use. Altered libido, erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, ejaculatory disorders, and orgasmic problems are frequently reported by patients treated with SSRIs. Moreover, these antidepressant-emergent sexual dysfunctions do not always resolve after discontinuation of the medication and can persist indefinitely. These complaints are termed post-SSRI sexual dysfunctions (PSSD)...
June 19, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#6
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639801/the-evolving-landscape-of-title-ix-predicting-mandatory-reporters-responses-to-sexual-assault-disclosures
#7
Kathryn J Holland, Lilia M Cortina
Approximately 1 in 4 women is sexually assaulted in college, a problem that federal law has attempted to address with recent changes. Under the evolving landscape of Title IX, and related law, universities nationwide have overhauled their sexual assault policies, procedures, and resources. Many of the new policies designate undergraduate resident assistants (RAs) as Responsible Employees-requiring them to provide assistance and report to the university if a fellow student discloses sexual assault. We investigated factors that predict the likelihood of RAs enacting their policy mandate, that is, reporting sexual assault disclosures to university authorities and referring survivors to sexual assault resources...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638707/sexual-dysfunction-in-female-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Pawel Bartnik, Aleksandra Wielgoś, Joanna Kacperczyk, Katarzyna Pisarz, Iwona Szymusik, Aleksandra Podlecka-Piętowska, Beata Zakrzewska-Pniewska, Miroslaw Wielgoś
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is one of the common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is often underdiagnosed, especially in women. Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) is the most widespread form of the disease, but the data on SD occurrence in this particular group of patients is limited. The aim of the study was to analyze the associations between demographic factors, symptoms and signs of MS, psychiatric comorbidities and SD in female patients with RRMS. MATERIAL & METHODS: A subgroup of 86 sexually active women with RRMS out of 218 total MS respondents was analyzed...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635684/-spatial-analysis-of-syphilis-and-gonorrhea-infections-in-a-public-health-service-in-madrid
#9
Irene G M Wijers, Amaya Sánchez Gómez, Jose Antonio Taveira Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. METHODS: All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected...
June 21, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632408/the-burden-of-sexual-problems-perceived-effects-on-men-s-and-women-s-sexual-partners
#10
David L Rowland, Tiffany N Kolba
Sexual dysfunction sometimes negatively affects the individual, his or her partner, and the relationship. We investigated the relationship between the distress experienced by men and women with orgasmic phase difficulties and the perceived distress of their partner(s). We also identified predictors of perceived partner distress, and related self and partner distress to severity of the problem and relationship quality. Data were drawn from 374 men with premature ejaculation (PE) and 377 women with anorgasmia who responded to a survey regarding their sexual functioning, including their distress about their condition and the perceived distress of their partners...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632191/sexually-transmitted-infections-a-novel-screening-strategy-for-improving-women-s-health-in-vulnerable-populations
#11
Elena R Frati, Ester Fasoli, Marianna Martinelli, Daniela Colzani, Silvia Bianchi, Luciana Carnelli, Antonella Amendola, Pierfranco Olivani, Elisabetta Tanzi
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are one of the most vulnerable population to health problems and well-being. This study aimed at implementing a counseling and preventive strategy for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in undocumented migrant women in Milan, Italy. METHODS: Women (ages 18-65) were enrolled at the NAGA Centre (2012-2013) and asked for a urine sample in order to carry out molecular detection of Human papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct), Trichomonas vaginalis (Tv), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng)-DNA...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629409/correlation-between-knowledge-on-transmission-and-prevention-of-hiv-sti-and-proficiency-in-condom-use-among-male-migrants-from-africa-and-middle-east-evaluated-by-a-condom-use-skills-score-using-a-wooden-penile-model
#12
Fabio Zoboli, Domenico Martinelli, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Massimo Fasano, Rosa Prato, Teresa Antonia Santantonio, Jose' Ramòn Fiore
BACKGROUND: Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center for asylum seekers. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 80 male migrants. Sanitary trained interviewers submitted a questionnaire to participants to investigate age, provenience, marital status, educational level and knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV/STI...
June 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628848/sexual-dysfunction-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Carolina R de Mendonça, Jalsi T Arruda, Matias Noll, Paulo M de O Campoli, Waldemar N do Amaral
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) score in women with infertility. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, IBECS, and LILACS. The search was limited to articles published from January 2000 to September 2016, without language restriction. Data were analyzed using Stata 12.0. Random effects meta-analyses in weighted mean difference (WMD) were performed for six comparative studies (infertility versus fertility)...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627033/silodosin-versus-naftopidil-in-the-treatment-of-premature-ejaculation-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#14
Yoshikazu Sato, Toshikazu Otani, Toshiyasu Amano, Tohru Araki, Nobuyuki Kondou, Masanori Matsukawa, Musashi Tobe, Kazunori Haga, Kousuke Uchida, Ichiya Honma
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of two α1-adrenoceptor antagonists with different affinities for α1-adrenoceptor subtypes, silodosin and naftopidil, in the treatment of premature ejaculation. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter trial. A total of 26 patients with untreated acquired premature ejaculation were enrolled. Premature ejaculation was defined based on the International Society for Sexual Medicine recommendation. Patients self-administered on demand silodosin 4 mg or naftopidil 25 mg 1 h before intercourse, alternating drugs at least three times each...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620792/evaluation-of-coital-incontinence-by-electronic-questionnaire-prevalence-associations-and-outcomes-in-women-attending-a-urogynaecology-clinic
#15
Thomas Gray, Weiguang Li, Patrick Campbell, Swati Jha, Stephen Radley
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Coital incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine during sexual intercourse and is divided into that occurring with penetration and that occurring with orgasm. Mechanisms of coital incontinence are poorly understood. The aim of this retrospective study was to measure the prevalence of coital incontinence and evaluate the association among various types of coital incontinence with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), overactive bladder (OAB) and impact on quality-of-life in women attending a urogynaecology clinic...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620544/-i-am-anxious-and-desperate-psychological-experiences-of-women-with-infertility-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana
#16
Ernestina S Donkor, Florence Naab, Deborah Y Kussiwaah
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that infertility affects millions of couples worldwide. Infertility is considered one of the most difficult life experiences and can result in psychological consequences for couples, especially for women. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological experiences of women with infertility. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory descriptive approach was used to conduct in-depth interviews. The psychological component of the bio-psychosocial model was used as a guiding framework to understand the experiences of women with infertility...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620321/treating-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-female-victims-of-trafficking-using-narrative-exposure-therapy-a-retrospective-audit
#17
Katy Robjant, Jackie Roberts, Cornelius Katona
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery that involves the forced movement of people internally within countries, or externally across borders. Victims who are trafficked for sexual exploitation are subject to repeated, multiple trauma, and high rates of mental health problems including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found. Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an evidence-based treatment for PTSD. METHODS: In this retrospective audit, we record the results of NET to treat 10 women who had been trafficked for sexual exploitation who were diagnosed with PTSD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620201/interactions-between-the-developmental-and-adult-social-environments-mediate-group-dynamics-and-offspring-traits-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#18
Juliano Morimoto, Fleur Ponton, Ilona Tychsen, Jason Cassar, Stuart Wigby
Developmental conditions can strongly influence adult phenotypes and social interactions, which in turn affect key evolutionary processes such as sexual selection and sexual conflict. While the implications of social interactions in phenotypically mixed populations at the individual level are increasingly well known, how these effects influence the fate of groups remains poorly understood, which limits our understanding of the broader ecological implications. To address this problem we manipulated adult phenotypes and social composition in Drosophila melanogaster - by experimentally manipulating the larval density of the group-members - and measured a range of group-level outcomes across the lifespan of groups...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619019/life-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-with-sexual-dysfunction-and-their-partners
#19
Jeffrey A Albaugh, Nat Sufrin, Brittany R Lapin, Jacqueline Petkewicz, Sandi Tenfelde
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and sexual dysfunction is the most frequently reported long-term side effect of prostate cancer surgery or radiation. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of men with sexual dysfunction and their partners following prostate cancer treatment. METHODS: Men with sexual dysfunction from either surgical removal or radiation therapy 1-5 years after treatment were interviewed, as well as their partners...
June 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618128/sexual-life-after-mastectomy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#20
Nasrin Fouladi, Farhad Pourfarzi, Negin Dolattorkpour, Sara Alimohammadi, Elham Mehrara
BACKGROUND: Mastectomy is a highly frequent form of breast cancer treatment in Iran, and exual dysfunction after mastectomy has been reported in the majority of breast cancer survivors in Iran. In this qualitative study, an attempt was made to examine the stages that patients go through in their sexual lives after mastectomy. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Using purposeful sampling, 30 married women, who had undergone surgery and had completed an adjuvant treatment period, participated in the study...
June 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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