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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813343/prevalence-of-interpersonal-violence-against-athletes-in-the-sport-context
#1
REVIEW
Sylvie Parent, Kristine Fortier
Despite progress in recent years on understanding the magnitude of the problem of interpersonal violence against athletes in the sport context, this research area is still very understudied. Yet, many researchers have advocated for the urgent need to carry out prevalence studies in this field to base prevention efforts on empirical evidence and to convince public decision makers about the necessity to address this issue. The present paper widens the focus on violence in sport, beyond the traditional player and spectator violence literature...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813300/sexual-dysfunction-and-relationship-stress-how-does-this-association-vary-for-men-and-women
#2
REVIEW
Marita P McCabe, Catherine Connaughton
This paper examines the association between relationship stress and sexual dysfunction. The results demonstrated a strong association between female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and relationship stress, and between male sexual dysfunction (MSD) and relationship stress among their female partners. No studies examined the association between FSD and relationship stress of male partners. Treatment for MSD was associated with improved relationship stress for female partners, but no studies were located that examined this association for treatment of FSD...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#3
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#4
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810366/-broken-windows-relationship-between-neighborhood-conditions-and-behavioral-health-among-low-income-african-american-adolescents
#5
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim
This study explored the association between neighborhood conditions and behavioral health among African American youth. Cross-sectional data were collected from 683 African American youth from low-income communities. Measures for demographics, neighborhood conditions (i.e. broken windows index), mental health, delinquency, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors were assessed. Major findings indicated that participants who reported poorer neighborhood conditions compared to those who lived in better living conditions were more likely to report higher rates of mental health problems, delinquency, substance use, and unsafe sexual behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809923/generalized-structural-equations-improve-sexual-selection-analyses
#6
Sonia Lombardi, Giacomo Santini, Giovanni Maria Marchetti, Stefano Focardi
Sexual selection is an intense evolutionary force, which operates through competition for the access to breeding resources. There are many cases where male copulatory success is highly asymmetric, and few males are able to sire most females. Two main hypotheses were proposed to explain this asymmetry: "female choice" and "male dominance". The literature reports contrasting results. This variability may reflect actual differences among studied populations, but it may also be generated by methodological differences and statistical shortcomings in data analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809479/natural-seminal-amyloids-as-targets-for-development-of-synthetic-inhibitors-of-hiv-transmission
#7
Daniel A Sheik, Stephen Dewhurst, Jerry Yang
Amyloids refer to a class of protein or peptide aggregates that are heterogeneous in size, morphology, and composition, and are implicated to play a central role in many neurodegenerative and systemic diseases. The strong correlation between biological activity and extent of aggregation of amyloidogenic proteins and peptides has led to an explosion of research efforts to target these materials with synthetic molecules or engineered antibodies to try to attenuate their function in disease pathology. Although many of these efforts to attenuate amyloid function have shown great promise in laboratory settings, the vast majority of work has been focused on targeting amyloids associated with neurologic diseases, which has been met with significant additional challenges that preclude clinical evaluation...
August 15, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807160/treatment-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-female-infertility
#8
Dan Jiang, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Female infertility is when a woman of reproductive age and sexual active, without contraception, cannot get pregnant after a year and more or keeps having miscarriages. Although conventional treatments for infertility such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization and many more, helped many female patients with infertility get pregnant during past a few decades, it is far from satisfactory with prolonging treatment time frames and emotional and financial burden. In recent years, more patients with infertile problems are seeking to alternative and complementary medicines to achieve a better outcome...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806494/body-piercing-motivations-and-implications-for-health
#9
REVIEW
Cheri Van Hoover, Carol-Ann Rademayer, Cindy L Farley
Body piercing has evolved from a behavior once considered extreme to an accepted choice among the general population. Earlobe piercing is so common that it is now considered a normative behavior. The motivations for choosing body piercing have changed and are associated with piercing site and number of piercings chosen by the individual. Meanings ascribed to body piercing were traditionally related to enhanced sexual desirability and experience, but now range from the innocuous, such as a fashion statement, to the risk laden, such as nonsuicidal self-injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806269/affective-disorders-and-sexual-function-from-neuroscience-to-clinic
#10
Bernardo C de Abreu Barata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexual dysfunction is a frequent issue in patients with affective disorders, affecting its quality of life and posing challenges to the approach of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, human sexuality has attracted interest from the scientific community, and today we have a much deeper knowledge of the mechanisms involved in the sexual response. Paraphilias or sexual dysfunctions like low sexual desire, premature ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction, are frequent in affective disorders, and the frequency of each sexual problem varies according to the affective disorder...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805586/sexual-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-underrated-problem-in-a-much-discussed-disorder
#11
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya, Miguel Rosa-Grilo
Sexual dysfunctions (SDs) are one of the most neglected nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). A number of reasons including social and cultural factors might explain, at least partially, why SD is still one of the most underrecognized aspects of the condition after 200 years since the very first description by James Parkinson. SD has not been extensively investigated, however, a number of studies have shown a high prevalence of decreased libido, orgasmic dysfunction in both men and women with PD, and erectile dysfunction in male subjects...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801405/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-its-correlates-in-a-rural-area-of-southwestern-china-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Wanting Cheng, Ya Yang, Yibiao Zhou, Penglei Xiao, Yan Shi, Jianchuan Gao, Yue Chen, Song Liang, Wuli Yihuo, Xiuxia Song, Qingwu Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem in southwestern China. Our aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of HCV infection and its correlates in the Yi population of this region. METHODS: A community-based survey was conducted to investigate sociodemographic characteristics and other associated factors for HCV infection in a rural area of southwestern China. Blood samples were collected and tested for antibodies to HCV...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800726/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-pain-following-hysterectomy-among-southern-jiangsu-chinese-women
#14
Chao Han, Zhijun Ge, Wenjie Jiang, Hailong Zhao, Tieliang Ma
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) after hysterectomy has been recognized as a major clinical problem in the Western World. Reports on post-hysterectomy pain are relatively scarce in China. The aim of the current study was to prospectively investigate the incidence and the potential risk factors of CPSP at 3 months following hysterectomy in Chinese population. METHODS: We assessed and collected data on preoperative socio-demographic characteristics, preexisting pain, anxiety and depression, sexual satisfaction, intra-operative variables, and acute postoperative pain intensity in a cohort of 870 women undergoing hysterectomy...
August 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800500/sb223412-a-neurokinin-3-receptor-selective-antagonist-suppresses-testosterone-secretion-in-male-guinea-pigs
#15
Sho Nakamura, Yoshiko Ito, Koki Yamamoto, Chudai Takahashi, Mingdao Dai, Miyu Tanahashi, Yoshihisa Uenoyama, Hiroko Tsukamura, Shinya Oishi, Kei-Ichiro Maeda, Fuko Matsuda
Guinea pigs are important zoo animals and have been recommended for animal-assisted activities or therapy, however there are problems concerning testosterone inducing aggressive or sexual behaviors in male guinea pigs. Testicular testosterone secretion is regulated by pulsatile gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) release in mammals. The mechanism generating GnRH/LH pulses is thought to be governed by kisspeptin neurons, which coexpress neurokinin B (NKB) and dynorphin A (Dyn), in the arcuate nucleus (ARC)...
July 31, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796578/sharing-sex-secrets-on-facebook-a-content-analysis-of-youth-peer-communication-and-advice-exchange-on-social-media-about-sexual-health-and-intimate-relations
#16
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
Social media present opportunities and challenges for sexual health communication among young people. This study is one of the first to examine the actual use of Facebook for peer communication of sexual health and intimate relations. Content analysis of 2186 anonymous posts in a "sex secrets" Facebook page unofficially affiliated with a Hong Kong University shows gender balance among posters, inclusiveness of sexual minorities, and frequent sharing of personal experiences in storytelling or advice seeking...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792576/-online-text-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-in-quebec
#17
Christine Thoër, Kathia Noiseux, Fabienne Siche, Caroline Palardy, Claire Vanier, Caroline Vrignaud
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Tel-jeunes created a text messaging intervention program to reach youth aged 12 to 17 years on their cell phones. Tel-jeunes was the first in the country to offer a text-based brief psychosocial interventions performed by professional counselors. Researchers were contacted to document and evaluate the program. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to: 1) determine motives, contexts and issues that lead young people to use the SMS service; 2) document the characteristics of text-based brief intervention; and 3) assess the advantages and difficulties encountered by counselors who respounded to youth text-messages...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792561/-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-health-problems-in-adulthood-a-national-study-of-women-in-quebec
#18
Geneviève Paquette, Marc Tourigny, Karine Baril, Jacques Joly, Monique Séguin
Objective The study aims to estimate the specific contribution of various forms of child maltreatment on the mental health among a Quebeckers' women representative sample. Method A telephone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 1001 women from the province of Quebec (Canada). Different demographic variables, all four child maltreatment forms (sexual, physical, psychological and neglect) and intimate partner violence experienced in the last 12 months were evaluated to explore their links with depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms of the participants at the time of the investigation...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791986/associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-general-outpatients-hospital-services-in-thailand
#19
K Peltzer, S Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Battered women are exposed to multiple types and different severity of intimate partner abuse, however, little is known about the relationship between severity and different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) (physical, sexual, psychological, and danger) and symptoms of depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of women attending antenatal care or general outpatient hospital services in Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult women who were consecutively sampled and screened for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783412/am-i-a-6-or-a-10-mate-value-among-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-and-healthy-peers
#20
Vicky Lehmann, Marrit A Tuinman, Madelaine C Keim, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt
PURPOSE: This study focused on self-perceived mate value of young adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to healthy peers. Qualitative studies indicate potential problems surrounding romantic relationships among survivors, but systematic studies are missing. METHODS: One-hundred forty-nine childhood cancer survivors and 149 matched controls completed online questionnaires about their mate value, social comparison strategies (i.e., upward/downward identifying/contrasting strategies), and marital status...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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