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Sexual Problems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#2
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142452/infertility-stress-in-couples-undergoing-intrauterine-insemination-and-in-vitro-fertilization-treatments
#3
Manisha Awtani, Kamayani Mathur, Sandeep Shah, Manish Banker
Aim: The main aim of the study was to assess the stress levels of husbands and wives undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments, and also to observe whether the stress levels differed between the methods of treatments. Materials and Methods: This research focused on 120 infertile couples who underwent IUI and In Vitro Fertilization-Intra Sperm Cytoplasmic sperm Injection (IVF-ICSI) at an infertility clinic from April 2014 to November 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142451/sexual-functioning-beliefs-about-sexual-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-women-with-infertility-problems
#4
Prathibha Agustus, Manjula Munivenkatappa, Padmini Prasad
Background: The study was conducted in the background of paucity of studies examining the sexual and psychosocial functioning of women with infertility. Aims: The study explored sexual functioning in women with infertility problems, their beliefs about sexuality and their quality of life. Settings and Design: A single group exploratory design with non-probability purposive sampling was used. A total of 30 participants diagnosed with primary infertility were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140759/adult-profiles-of-child-sexual-abuse-survivors-attachment-insecurity-sexual-compulsivity-and-sexual-avoidance
#5
Chloe Labadie, Natacha Godbout, Marie-Pier Vaillancourt-Morel, Stéphane Sabourin
The present study examined the possibility of different groups of CSA survivors based on their different patterns of attachment and sexual problems. A sample of 324 CSA survivors and 484 participants who did not report any child maltreatment experiences completed online questionnaires. A cluster analysis on attachment and sexual outcomes revealed that CSA survivors formed two distinct profiles. The first profile included CSA survivors with elevated attachment anxiety and low to moderate scores on attachment avoidance, sexual compulsion, and sexual avoidance...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139071/the-outcomes-of-an-educational-program-involving-men-as-motivators-to-encourage-women-to-be-screened-for-cervical-cancer
#6
Jeniffer Rwamugira, Johanna E Maree, Nokuthula Mafutha
Cervical cancer is a major health problem in South Africa. Despite having a national, population-based screening program, screening coverage is as low as 13%. Based on the role men could play in increasing cervical cancer screening and the low level of knowledge, men living in the study setting had about this health issue, we developed and pilot tested an educational program aimed at empowering men to teach their female partners and family members about cervical cancer and motivate them to be screened. The study setting was Ward 23 in Muldersdrift, a semi-urban, resource poor area situated northeast of Johannesburg...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135519/syphilis-of-the-aerodigestive-tract
#7
Julie Y Tse, May P Chan, Judith A Ferry, Vikram Deshpande, Aliyah R Sohani, Valentina Nardi, Andras Schaffer, Rosalynn M Nazarian, Lawrence R Zukerberg
Syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Treponema pallidum, is increasing in prevalence in the United States. It has been our experience that primary and secondary syphilis of the aerodigestive tract can afflict a large age spectrum with varied clinical and histopathologic findings, which can lead to diagnostic problems and frequent misdiagnosis. In this study, we describe the histopathologic patterns of syphilis of the aerodigestive tract to expand awareness of its varied appearance...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135155/-laser-therapy-for-male-infertility-part-1-etiology-and-pathogenesis-experimental-studies
#8
O I Apolikhin, S V Moskvin
Male infertility is associated with a wide range of pathological conditions affecting both the sexual and other body systems: endocrine, nervous, blood, and immune. Laser therapy is a form of modern physiotherapy that applies low-intensity laser radiation in various parts of the body. It is widely used in all areas of modern medicine due to its high efficiency, ease of use, the absence of contraindications and side effects. The authors reviewed the results of 171 studies investigating laser therapy, of which 93 were experimental (20 in Russian and 73 international publications), 4 clinical and experimental (all in Russian), 74 clinical (73 in Russian and 1in English)...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129680/existential-issues-in-sexual-medicine-the-relation-between-death-anxiety-and-hypersexuality
#9
REVIEW
Daniel N Watter
INTRODUCTION: Current sex therapy and sexual medicine protocols often ignore the existential dilemmas associated with sexual dysfunction and other problematic sexual problems. This oversight is especially apparent when assessing and treating the controversial phenomenon of hypersexuality, or "sexual addiction." A deeper understanding of the existential concept of death anxiety could offer an alternative treatment paradigm that might lead to a more effective treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the relation between the existential phenomenon of death anxiety and hypersexuality (ie, sexual addiction) and present an evaluation and treatment paradigm that is rooted in existential psychotherapy, a form of psychotherapy that is a deeply life-affirming and dynamic approach to therapy that focuses on concerns rooted in the individual's existence...
November 9, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129587/thighplasty-improving-aesthetics-through-revival-of-the-medial-horizontal-procedure-a-safe-and-scar-saving-option
#10
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Klemens Heinrich, Florian Ensat, Gernot Steiner, Gottfried Wechselberger, Michaela Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Thighplasty is a common bodycontouring procedure, but also associated with a high complication rate. The purpose of this study was to access the outcome of the medial horizontal thigh lift as it is a common surgical technique regarding thigh deformity correction performed at the authors' department. Surgical keysteps, clinical applications, advantages and disadvantages of the procedure are shown. Postoperative evaluation took place with special focus on individual patient satisfaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125962/retrospective-evaluation-of-project-envision-a-community-mobilization-pilot-program-to-prevent-sexual-violence-in-new-york-city
#11
Lily Glenn, Laura Fidler, Meghan O'Connor, Mary Haviland, Deborah Fry, Tamara Pollak, Victoria Frye
Sexual violence is a public health problem associated with short- and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Most interventions that aim to prevent sexual violence before it occurs target individual-level change or promote bystander training. Community-level interventions, while increasingly recommended in the sexual violence prevention field, are rarely documented in peer-reviewed literature. This paper is a targeted process evaluation of Project Envision, a 6-year pilot initiative to address social norms at the root of sexual violence through coalition building and community mobilization in three New York City neighborhoods, and reflects the perspectives of those charged with designing and implementing the program...
November 2, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121553/stewards-of-children-education-increasing-undergraduate-nursing-student-knowledge-of-child-sexual-abuse
#12
L Elaine Taylor, Heather S Harris
BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse and exploitation are an increasing public health problem. In spite of the fact that nurses are in a unique position to identify and intervene in the lives of children suffering from abuse due to their role in providing health care in a variety of settings, nursing curricula does not routinely include this focus. OBJECTIVES: The goal was to document the effectiveness of the Stewards of Children child sexual abuse training as an effective educational intervention to increase the knowledge level of undergraduate nursing students on how to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to child sexual abuse and trafficking...
October 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121550/attitudes-beliefs-and-comfort-levels-of-midwifery-students-regarding-sexual-counselling-in-turkey
#13
Besey Ören, Neriman Zengin, Saadet Yazıcı, Ayşe Çil Akıncı
OBJECTIVE: this aim of this study was to determine midwifery students' attitudes and beliefs regarding sexual counselling, the factors preventing effective sexual counselling and comfort levels towards sexual counselling. PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted with 650 students studying in the midwifery departments of eight universities in Turkey (response rate 59.1%). DESIGN: the data were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire in early 2016, which collected sociodemographic characteristics and comfort levels, and used the Sexuality Attitudes and Beliefs Survey...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118442/serology-reflects-a-decline-in-the-prevalence-of-trachoma-in-two-regions-of-the-gambia
#14
Stephanie J Migchelsen, Nuno Sepúlveda, Diana L Martin, Gretchen Cooley, Sarah Gwyn, Harry Pickering, Hassan Joof, Pateh Makalo, Robin Bailey, Sarah E Burr, David C W Mabey, Anthony W Solomon, Chrissy H Roberts
Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct). It is targeted for global elimination as a public health problem. In 2014, a population-based cross-sectional study was performed in two previously trachoma-endemic areas of The Gambia. Participants of all ages from Lower River Region (LRR) (N = 1028) and Upper River Region (URR) (N = 840) underwent examination for trachoma and had blood collected for detection of antibodies against the Ct antigen Pgp3, by ELISA. Overall, 30 (1.6%) individuals had active trachoma; the prevalence in children aged 1-9 years was 3...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117226/sexual-assault-incidents-among-college-undergraduates-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-risk
#15
Claude A Mellins, Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John S Santelli, Martie Thompson, Patrick A Wilson, Shamus Khan, Stephanie Benson, Karimata Bah, Kathy A Kaufman, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual assault on college campuses is a public health issue. However varying research methodologies (e.g., different sexual assault definitions, measures, assessment timeframes) and low response rates hamper efforts to define the scope of the problem. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115194/the-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-multicomponent-health-promotion-intervention-seher-for-secondary-schools-in-bihar-india
#16
Sachin Shinde, Bernadette Pereira, Prachi Khandeparkar, Amit Sharma, George Patton, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Schools can play an important role in health promotion by improving students' health literacy, attitudes, health-related behaviours, social connection and self-efficacy. These interventions can be particularly valuable in low- and middle-income countries with low health literacy and high burden of disease. However, the existing literature provides poor guidance for the implementation of school-based interventions in low-resource settings. This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a multicomponent school-based health promotion intervention for adolescents in 75 government-run secondary schools in Bihar, India...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114942/a-detailed-analysis-of-not-relevant-responses-on-the-dlqi-in-psoriasis-potential-biases-in-treatment-decisions
#17
F Rencz, A K Poór, M Péntek, P Holló, S Kárpáti, L Gulácsi, A Szegedi, É Remenyik, B Hidvégi, K Herszényi, H Jókai, Z Beretzky, V Brodszky
BACKGROUND: Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) is the most common health-related quality of life measure in dermatology that is widely used in treatment guidelines for psoriasis. Eight out of the 10 questions of the DLQI offer a 'not relevant' response (NRR) option that is scored as the item had no impact on patients' life at all. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of NRRs on the DLQI in psoriasis patients, and to examine the effect of several socio-demographic and clinical factors on giving NRRs...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114602/impact-on-quality-of-life-of-imrt-versus-3-d-conformal-radiation-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#18
Edvard Abel, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Thomas Björk-Eriksson, Eva Hammerlid
Objective: The purpose of this study was to prospectively and longitudinally compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes between head and neck (HN) cancer patients treated with parotid-sparing intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and patients treated with 3-dimensional conventional radiation therapy (3D-CRT). Methods and materials: Before and up to 12 months after treatment, HRQOL was recorded in patients with HN cancer who were referred to the Department of Oncology at Sahlgrenska University Hospital for curative IMRT...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113506/latent-classes-and-cumulative-impacts-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#19
Gia Elise Barboza
Studies of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have gauged severity using a cumulative risk (CR) index. Few studies have focused on the nature of the context of adversity and their association with psychosocial outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the patterning of ACEs and to explore the resultant patterns' association with HIV risk-taking, problem drinking, and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify homogeneous, mutually exclusive "classes" of 11 of the most commonly used ACEs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112317/-prostate-cancer-is-far-more-hidden%C3%A2-perceptions-of-stigma-social-isolation-and-help-seeking-among-men-with-prostate-cancer
#20
K A Ettridge, J A Bowden, S K Chambers, D P Smith, M Murphy, S M Evans, D Roder, C L Miller
The purpose of this study was to provide in-depth insight into men's experiences of prostate cancer, specifically: perceived stigma and self-blame, social isolation, unmet need and help-seeking. A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 20 men diagnosed with prostate cancer, and thematic analysis was undertaken. Some participants perceived a stigma associated with prostate cancer and cancer in general, which sometimes acted as a barrier to disclosure. Self-blame and internalisation of cause was not a prominent issue...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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