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Manju George, Shreemit Maheshwari, Suhas Chandran, Suman S Rao, Manohar J Shivanand, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological gambling, computer addiction and pathological preoccupation with video games and sexual acts. No clear diagnostic criterion has been established with validity for behavioral addictions. Sexual addiction, including addiction to pornography is not included as a separate entity because of a lack of strong empirical evidence in this area. Different scales can be used for assessment of sexual addiction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Genevieve Creighton, John L Oliffe, Joan Bottorff, Joy Johnson
While the gendered nature of suicide has received increased research attention, the experiences of women who have lost a man to suicide are poorly understood. Drawing on qualitative photovoice interviews with 29 women who lost a man to suicide, we completed a narrative analysis, focused on describing the ways that women constructed and accounted for their experiences. We found that women's narratives drew upon feminine ideals of caring for men's health, which in turn gave rise to feelings of guilt over the man's suicide...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Rebecca Maymon, Nathan C Hall, Thomas Goetz, Andrew Chiarella, Sonia Rahimi
As technology becomes increasingly integrated with education, research on the relationships between students' computing-related emotions and motivation following technological difficulties is critical to improving learning experiences. Following from Weiner's (2010) attribution theory of achievement motivation, the present research examined relationships between causal attributions and emotions concerning academic computing difficulties in two studies. Study samples consisted of North American university students enrolled in both traditional and online universities (total N = 559) who responded to either hypothetical scenarios or experimental manipulations involving technological challenges experienced in academic settings...
2018: PloS One
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the link between exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). We also aim to explore the mediating roles of depressive attributions, trauma-related guilt and shame, and self-disgust in the relationship between PMIEs and PTSS among combat veterans. METHOD: A volunteers' sample of 191 Israeli combat veterans responded to self-report questionnaires in a cross-sectional design study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Nora Maria Raschle, Willeke Martine Menks, Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum, Martin Steppan, Areti Smaragdi, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Jack Rogers, Roberta Clanton, Gregor Kohls, Anne Martinelli, Anka Bernhard, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Christine M Freitag, Graeme Fairchild, Stephane A De Brito, Christina Stadler
Callous-unemotional traits are characterized by a lack of empathy, a disregard for others' feelings and shallow or deficient affect, such as a lack of remorse or guilt. Neuroanatomical correlates of callous-unemotional traits have been demonstrated in clinical samples (i.e., adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders). However, it is unknown whether callous-unemotional traits are associated with neuroanatomical correlates within normative populations without clinical levels of aggression or antisocial behavior...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Michael A Moncrieff, Pierre Lienard
Our research brings to light features of the social world that impact moral judgments and how they do so. The moral vignette data presented were collected in rural and urban Croatian communities that were involved to varying degrees in the Croatian Homeland War. We argue that rapid shifts in moral accommodations during periods of violent social strife can be explained by considering the role that coordination and social agents' ability to reconfigure their social network (i.e., relational mobility) play in moral reasoning...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Wei Liu, Li Li, Xuhe Long, Weixin You, Yuexian Zhong, Menglin Wang, Huan Tao, Shoukai Lin, Huaqin He
Network-based systems biology has become an important method for analyzing high-throughput gene expression data and gene function mining. Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) has long been a popular model organism for basic biological research. In this paper, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) algorithm was applied to construct gene co-expression networks in E. coli . Thirty-one gene co-expression modules were detected from 1391 microarrays of E. coli data. Further characterization of these modules with the database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery (DAVID) tool showed that these modules are associated with several kinds of biological processes, such as carbohydrate catabolism, fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, transportation, translation, and ncRNA metabolism...
March 8, 2018: Cells
Lucas Primo de Carvalho Alves, Neusa Sica da Rocha
OBJECTIVES: Melancholic depression is a type of depression which is closely related to biological variables than are other types of depression. Its clinical features can be assessed using six items on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D6 ). Previous studies have shown, using item response theory, that the symptom depressed mood is the least severe melancholic feature; work and activities, somatic symptoms and psychic anxiety are of moderate severity; and feelings of guilt and psychomotor retardation are the most severe...
March 8, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Fanny Guglielmucci, Isabella G Franzoi, Michela Bonafede, Francesca V Borgogno, Federica Grosso, Antonella Granieri
Aim: A cancer diagnosis-and in particular a Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) one-breaks the somatopsychic balance of the individual, compromising the quality of residual life and giving rise to many negative emotions difficult to integrate and to elaborate (such as depression, fears, anxieties, hopelessness, guilt, shame, and rage). Several national and international guidelines acknowledged the importance of evaluating psychological and socio-relational features in MM patients and their caregiver. However, only few studies have investigated the subjective experience of MM patients and even less research has focused on the caregivers' experience...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Agnes Wohl, Gregory W Kirschen
Hypo-sexuality, self-reported hypoactive sexual desire and/or sexual aversion, is a common symptom experienced by women who were victims of childhood sexual abuse. This symptom may be distressing to the patient herself, and may place strain on her romantic relationships in adulthood. Unfortunately, this problem often remains undiscussed between patient and provider, in part due to the provider's lack of comfort or knowledge regarding how best to address this issue. In this article, we explore several strategies that providers may employ in a group setting in order to help women realize their sexuality while minimizing untoward side effects such as feelings of guilt or shame, or flashbacks...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Jie Li, Jorge N Tendeiro, Margaret Stroebe
This study investigated the relationship between guilt and well-being of bereaved persons, and explored potential differences in the associations between guilt-complicated grief (CG) and guilt-depression. In total, 1358 Chinese bereaved adults were recruited to fill out questionnaires. Participants (N = 194) who had been bereaved within 2 years of the first survey, filled out the same questionnaires 1 year later. Higher guilt was associated with higher degrees of both CG and depression. The level of guilt predicted CG and depression symptoms 1 year later...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Jason Rodriquez, Susan D Scott
BACKGROUND: The impact of adverse clinical events on health care workers has become a growing topic of research. Previous research has confirmed that after adverse clinical events, clinical staff often feel as though they failed not only their patient but also themselves, resulting in second-guessing of their clinical skills, competencies, and even career choices. This exploratory study reports on the experiences of health care providers who changed career paths as a consequence of an adverse clinical event...
March 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Donald J Dudley, Robert M Silver
The incidence of stillbirth in high-income countries has progressively declined over the past 50 years, but has plateaued in many (Lawn JE et al, Lancet 2016;387:587-603). Stillbirth continues to be a vexing problem, often relegated to the shadows out of a sense of guilt and shame among patients, their families, and obstetric providers. For far too long, efforts to address stillbirth have been meager. The recent Lancet series on stillbirth, along with the BJOG themed issue on stillbirth, bring in stark relief the extent of the problem of stillbirth worldwide...
March 1, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Alvaro Sicilia
This study examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES; Castonguay et al., 2014) in a sample of university Spanish students. A total of 815 participants enrolled in two public universities located in Almería and Elche, Spain, completed the BASES along with measures of social physique anxiety and positive/negative affect. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that one item failed to load clearly on the hypothesized factor (guilt)...
February 26, 2018: Body Image
Mathilde R W de Jong, Lydia Visser, Gerwin Huls, Arjan Diepstra, Marcel van Vugt, Emanuele Ammatuna, Rozemarijn S van Rijn, Edo Vellenga, Anke van den Berg, Rudolf S N Fehrmann, Tom van Meerten
Forty percent of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) show resistant disease to standard chemotherapy (CHOP) in combination with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab (R). Although many new anti-cancer drugs were developed in the last years, it is unclear which of these drugs can be safely combined to improve standard therapy without antagonizing anti-CD20 efficacy. In this study, we aimed to identify rituximab compatible drug-target combinations for DLBCL. For this, we collected gene expression profiles of 1,804 DLBCL patient samples...
2018: PloS One
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma
People having intimate relationships with persons suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) - for instance, members of their family - are likely to be involved in stormy, roller coaster relationships. Thus, they may feel overwhelmed by extreme, unpredictable feelings and situations, even when they do not suffer from any mental disorder or have no problems with mentalization. As a consequence of living with a BPD relative, family members often experience an emotional and financial burden, and may blame themselves for their relative's illness or for not being able to do more to help...
February 27, 2018: Psychopathology
S B Norman, M Haller, Hyungjin Myra Kim, C B Allard, K E Porter, M B Stein, M R Venners, C C Authier, S A M Rauch
Trauma related guilt, a distressing emotion associated with negative cognitions regarding one's actions or inaction during a traumatic event, is common among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We hypothesized that trauma related guilt cognitions would partially explain the relationship between PTSD symptom severity and functioning. The sample consisted of 254 combat veterans or active duty military personnel who served in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) who consented to participate in a larger PTSD treatment study...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Eric A Dedert, Paul A Dennis, Katherine C Cunningham, Christi S Ulmer, Patrick S Calhoun, Nathan Kimbrel, Terrell A Hicks, Julia M Neal, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Despite a well-established role of guilt cognitions in the maintenance and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relationships of guilt cognitions to nightmares are not well understood. This study investigated the ways in which guilt cognitions, related to traumatic events, influenced the relationship between combat exposure and trauma-related sleep disturbance in military Veterans with PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a sample of 50 Veterans with PTSD who completed study measures at a screening session...
February 26, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Emma De Luca, Filippo Faccini, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Nino Dazzi
The aim of this article is to present validation data about a self-report rating scale for the assessment of interpersonal guilt according to Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silbershatz, 2005; Weiss, 1993; Weiss, Sampson, & The Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15s (IGRS-15s). In order to perform the validation of this tool in an Italian sample we have collected a sample of 645 nonclinical subjects. They had to complete the IGRS-15s, the Scale for the Measurement of the Impending Punishment (SMIP; Caprara et al...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Franziska Eckert, Paul Weindling, Astrid Ley, Hans-Joachim Lang, Sascha Lang, Gabriele Moser
Whereas the scientific community is aware of atrocities committed by medical doctors like Mengele, the specifics of radiology and radiation oncology during National Socialism remain largely unknown. Starting in 2010, the German Radiology Association and the German Association of Radiation Oncology coordinated a national project looking into original archival material. A national committee convened in 2013 to discuss the project's findings, which were also the subject of a symposium at the University of Tuebingen in 2016 on radiology under National Socialism...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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