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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#1
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199913/new-dsm-5-ptsd-guilt-and-shame-symptoms-among-italian-earthquake-survivors-impact-on-maladaptive-behaviors
#2
Claudia Carmassi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Camilla Gesi, Ciro Conversano, Paolo Stratta, Gabriele Massimetti, Alessandro Rossi, Liliana Dell'Osso
Important changes were introduced concerning posttraumatic-stress disorder (PTSD) by the DSM-5 recognizing the role of negative emotions such as guilt and shame, but little evidence is yet available on their prevalence in population assessed by means of DSM-5 criteria. In this study we explored the rates of guilt and shame DSM-5 PTSD diagnostic symptoms among Italian survivors to a massive earthquake and their possible correlation with PTSD and maladaptive behaviors. 869 residents of the town of L'Aquila exposed to the earthquake of April 6th, 2009 were investigated by the Trauma and Loss Spectrum-Self Report (TALS-SR) with particular attention to guilt and shame feelings...
November 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195638/significant-changes-in-sexual-behavior-after-a-diagnosis-of-human-papillomavirus-positive-and-human-papillomavirus-negative-oral-cancer
#3
Miren Taberna, Ronald C Inglehart, Robert K L Pickard, Carole Fakhry, Amit Agrawal, Mira L Katz, Maura L Gillison
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior and oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The effects of OSCC diagnosis and treatment on subsequent relationship stress and sexual behavior are unknown. METHODS: Incident cases of HPV-positive or HPV-negative OSCC in patients who had a partnered relationship and partners of patients with oropharyngeal cancer were eligible for a study in which surveys were administered at diagnosis and at the 6-month follow-up time point to assess relationship distress, HPV transmission and concerns about health consequences, and sexual behavior...
February 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#4
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
February 10, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191988/mock-juror-evaluations-of-traditional-and-ratings-based-eyewitness-identification-evidence
#5
James D Sauer, Matthew A Palmer, Neil Brewer
Compared to categorical identifications, culprit likelihood ratings (having the witness rate, for each lineup member, the likelihood that the individual is the culprit) provide a promising alternative for assessing a suspect's likely guilt. Four experiments addressed 2 broad questions about the use of culprit likelihood ratings evidence by mock-jurors. First, are mock-jurors receptive to noncategorical forms of identification evidence? Second, does the additional information provided by ratings (relating to discrimination) affect jurors' evaluations of the identification evidence? Experiments 1 and 1A manipulated confidence (90% vs...
February 13, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188672/should-we-intervene-at-stage-0-a-qualitative-study-of-attitudes-of-asymptomatic-youth-at-increased-risk-of-developing-bipolar-disorders-and-parents-with-established-disease
#6
Jo Davison, Jan Scott
BACKGROUND: Studies of potential interventions for asymptomatic individuals at risk of severe mental disorders (ie, clinical stage 0) have focused on genetic counselling or the views of adults with established disease. No study has interviewed youth at risk of bipolar disorders (BD). METHODS: Qualitative analysis of interviews with asymptomatic adolescent offspring of adults with BD (OSBD = 7) and unrelated parents with bipolar disorders (PBD = 6) to examine manifest and latent themes in the dialogue...
February 11, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188249/breastfeeding-and-defeasible-duties-to-benefit
#7
Fiona Woollard, Lindsey Porter
For many women experiencing motherhood for the first time, the message they receive is clear: mothers who do not breastfeed ought to have good reasons not to; bottle feeding by choice is a failure of maternal duty. We argue that this pressure to breastfeed arises in part from two misconceptions about maternal duty: confusion about the scope of the duty to benefit and conflation between moral reasons and duties. While mothers have a general duty to benefit, we argue that this does not imply a duty to carry out any particular beneficent act...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182661/representing-high-throughput-expression-profiles-via-perturbation-barcodes-reveals-compound-targets
#8
Tracey M Filzen, Peter S Kutchukian, Jeffrey D Hermes, Jing Li, Matthew Tudor
High throughput mRNA expression profiling can be used to characterize the response of cell culture models to perturbations such as pharmacologic modulators and genetic perturbations. As profiling campaigns expand in scope, it is important to homogenize, summarize, and analyze the resulting data in a manner that captures significant biological signals in spite of various noise sources such as batch effects and stochastic variation. We used the L1000 platform for large-scale profiling of 978 representative genes across thousands of compound treatments...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182457/trauma-cognitions-are-related-to-symptoms-up-to-10-years-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Christine D Scher, Michael K Suvak, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined (a) relationships between trauma-related cognitions and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms from pretreatment through a long-term period after cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for PTSD and (b) whether these relationships were impacted by treatment type. METHOD: Participants were 171 women randomized into treatment for PTSD after rape. Measures of self-reported trauma-related cognitions and interviewer-assessed PTSD symptoms (i...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165152/memory-errors-in-alibi-generation-how-an-alibi-can-turn-against-us
#10
William E Crozier, Deryn Strange, Elizabeth F Loftus
Alibis play a critical role in the criminal justice system. Yet research on the process of alibi generation and evaluation is still nascent. Indeed, similar to other widely investigated psychological phenomena in the legal system - such as false confessions, historical claims of abuse, and eyewitness memory - the basic assumptions underlying alibi generation and evaluation require closer empirical scrutiny. To date, the majority of alibi research investigates the social psychological aspects of the process...
February 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164318/-doing-good-by-proxy-human-animal-kinship-and-the-donation-of-canine-blood
#11
Vanessa Ashall, Pru Hobson-West
This article demonstrates the relevance of animals to medical sociology by arguing that pet owners' accounts of veterinary decision-making can highlight key sociological themes which are important to both human and animal health. Based on semi-structured interviews, the article argues that interspecies 'kinship' allows for the extension of sociological claims regarding altruism, self-interest and mutuality from human blood donation to companion animal blood 'donation'. Furthermore, this study extends sociological understanding of the human-animal bond by showing how the dog's status as kin meant they were expected to donate blood, and that the act of donation itself represents an important opportunity for family 'display'...
February 6, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160185/diabetes-distress-or-major-depressive-disorder-a-practical-approach-to-diagnosing-and-treating-psychological-comorbidities-of-diabetes
#12
Kathryn Evans Kreider
The presence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in people with diabetes may be up to three times more common than in the general population. People with diabetes and major depressive disorder have worse health outcomes and higher mortality rates. Diabetes distress refers to an emotional state where people experience feelings such as stress, guilt, or denial that arise from living with diabetes and the burden of self-management. Diabetes distress has also been linked to worse health outcomes. There are multiple treatment options for MDD including pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral approaches...
February 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160114/an-investigation-of-the-association-between-shame-and-problem-gambling-the-mediating-role-of-maladaptive-coping-motives
#13
Hera E Schlagintweit, Kara Thompson, Abby L Goldstein, Sherry H Stewart
Despite often being considered equivalent affective states, shame and guilt have differential associations with problem gambling with only shame showing a strong positive association with problem gambling. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the shame-problem gambling association. Further, shame and guilt are associated with distinct coping strategies, with shame motivating maladaptive coping (e.g., avoidance, escape) and guilt motivating adaptive coping (e.g., taking corrective action)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155002/the-relationship-between-pain-disability-guilt-and-acceptance-in-low-back-pain-a-mediation-analysis
#14
Danijela Serbic, Tamar Pincus
Pain-related guilt is a common yet unexplored psychological factor in low back pain (LBP). It has recently been linked to greater depression, anxiety and disability in LBP, hence an understanding of how it can be managed in the presence of pain and disability is necessary. Since acceptance of pain has been shown to be associated with improved outcomes in chronic pain, we examined whether it might also help reduce guilt in people with LBP. To this end, a series of mediation analyses were conducted on data from 287 patients with chronic LBP, in which acceptance of pain was tested as a mediator of the relationship between pain/disability and guilt...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144810/preventing-conduct-disorder-and-callous-unemotional-traits-preliminary-results-of-a-school-based-pilot-training-program
#15
Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti, Evita Katsimicha, Giorgos Georgiou
This study investigated whether a school-based pilot prevention program is effective in reducing Conduct Disorder (CD) symptoms and callous unemotional (CU) traits (i.e., lack of empathy and guilt) in a community sample of children. A total of 304 children from three schools in Cyprus were randomly assigned at school level to either a prevention group that received a skill building training program (N = 94; M age  = 7.91, SD = .74; 52.1% female) or a control group that received no training (N = 210; M age  = 7...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140776/mapping-the-social-determinants-of-substance-use-for-pregnant-involved-young-aboriginal-women
#16
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Donna L M Kurtz, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal, And For The Cedar Project Partnership
There is a dearth of knowledge about the social determinants of substance use among young pregnant-involved Indigenous women in Canada from their perspectives. As part of life history interviews, 17 young pregnant-involved Indigenous women with experiences with substances completed a participant-generated mapping activity CIRCLES (Charting Intersectional Relationships in the Context of Life Experiences with Substances). As women created their maps, they discussed how different social determinants impacted their experiences with pregnancy and substance use...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137673/availability-of-emotional-support-and-mental-healthcare-for-pediatric-residents
#17
Melissa M Cellini, Janet R Serwint, Linda H Chaudron, Constance D Baldwin, Aaron K Blumkin, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Resident mental health (MH) problems can be associated with reduced empathy and increased medical errors. The ACGME mandates resident MH support services, but it is unknown if these services are accessible and meet resident needs. OBJECTIVES: Describe prevalence of anxiety and depression in current pediatric residents in New York State (NY), and their self-reported use of and barriers to support services. METHODS: We developed an online survey and distributed it to all categorical pediatric residents in 9 NY programs...
January 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129259/rationale-for-spiritually-oriented-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-moral-injury-in-active-duty-military-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Harold G Koenig, Nathan A Boucher, Rev John P Oliver, Nagy Youssef, Scott R Mooney, Joseph M Currier, Michelle Pearce
Wartime experiences have long been known to cause ethical conflict, guilt, self-condemnation, difficulty forgiving, loss of trust, lack of meaning and purpose, and spiritual struggles. "Moral injury" (MI) (also sometimes called "inner conflict") is the term used to capture this emotional, cognitive, and behavioral state. In this article, we provide rationale for developing and testing Spiritually Oriented Cognitive Processing Therapy, a version of standard cognitive processing therapy for the treatment of MI in active duty and veteran service members (SMs) with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms who are spiritual or religious (S/R)...
February 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125557/o-009-long-ncrna-landscape-in-the-ileum-of-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-early-onset-crohn-disease
#19
Yael Haberman, Marina Ben-Shoshan, Ayelet Di-Segni, Phillip Dexheimer, Tzipi Klein, Batya Weiss, Thomas Walters, Robert Baldassano, Joshua Noe, James Markowitz, Mel Heyman, Joel Rosh, Anne Griffiths, Wallace Crandall, Bruce Aronow, Yair Anikster, Jeffrey Hyams, Subra Kugathasan, Lee Denson
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) regulate gene transcription and diverse cellular functions. We have recently reported a core inflammatory and metabolic ileal gene signature in treatment naïve pediatric Crohn Disease (CD), but the potential role of lncRNA was not known. We hypothesized that differences in ileal lncRNA would be associated with differences in protein-coding gene expression, suggesting a role for lncRNA in regulating those gene signatures. METHODS: Poly-A selected RNA-seq and Ensembl annotation were used to define differentially expressed ileal genes with false discovery rate correction of 0...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125287/guilt-by-association-a-phenotype-based-view-of-the-plant-phosphoinositide-network
#20
Katharina Gerth, Feng Lin, Wilhelm Menzel, Praveen Krishnamoorthy, Irene Stenzel, Mareike Heilmann, Ingo Heilmann
Eukaryotic membranes contain small amounts of phospholipids that have regulatory effects on the physiological functions of cells, tissues, and organs. Phosphoinositides (PIs)-the phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol-are one example of such regulatory lipids. Although PIs were described in plants decades ago, their contribution to the regulation of physiological processes in plants is not well understood. In the past few years, evidence has emerged that PIs are essential for plant function and development...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Plant Biology
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