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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929329/parents-posttraumatic-stress-after-burns-in-their-school-aged-child-a-prospective-study
#1
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the course and potential predictors of parents' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after burn injury in their child (Age 8 to 18 years). METHOD: One hundred eleven mothers and 91 fathers, representing 118 children, participated in the study. Within the first month after the burn event and subsequently at 3, 12, and 18 months postburn, both parents completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES). Parental emotions related to the burn event and appraisal of threat to the child's life were assessed, which were investigated in a multilevel regression model...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929311/different-types-of-combat-experiences-and-associated-symptoms-in-oef-and-oif-national-guard-and-reserve-veterans
#2
M Tracie Shea, Candice Presseau, Shauna L Finley, Madhavi K Reddy, Christopher Spofford
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that exposure to combat is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The experiences of military personnel serving in combat zones vary widely however, leading to increased attention to the impact of different types of combat trauma. The present study examined the relationships among 3 conceptually based categories of combat exposure with 4 PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal) and symptoms of guilt, depression, and anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926354/the-experience-of-women-carriers-of-brca-mutations-following-risk-reducing-surgery-a-cultural-perspective
#3
Chaya Possick, Michal Mahat-Shamir
In this qualitative study we examine the experience of 13 Jewish Israeli women carriers of BRCA mutations following risk-reducing surgery. Thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interview texts yielded three themes: 1. dialectic of vulnerability and control, 2. presentation of self as a "normal" woman, and 3. genetic chain of negative life events and guilt. Aspects of Israeli culture impacting participants' experiences are: personal and collective responsibility, the shift towards consumerism and pro-natal ideology...
December 7, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924190/network-analysis-of-human-post-mortem-microarrays-reveals-novel-genes-micrornas-and-mechanistic-scenarios-of-potential-importance-in-fighting-huntington-s-disease
#4
Sreedevi Chandrasekaran, Danail Bonchev
Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor disturbances, cognitive decline, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. In this study, we utilized network-based analysis in an attempt to explore and understand the underlying molecular mechanism and to identify critical molecular players of this disease condition. Using human post-mortem microarrays from three brain regions (cerebellum, frontal cortex and caudate nucleus) we selected in a four-step procedure a seed set of highly modulated genes...
2016: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924038/farna-knowledgebase-of-inferred-functions-of-non-coding-rna-transcripts
#5
Tanvir Alam, Mahmut Uludag, Magbubah Essack, Adil Salhi, Haitham Ashoor, John B Hanks, Craig Kapfer, Katsuhiko Mineta, Takashi Gojobori, Vladimir B Bajic
Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) genes play a major role in control of heterogeneous cellular behavior. Yet, their functions are largely uncharacterized. Current available databases lack in-depth information of ncRNA functions across spectrum of various cells/tissues. Here, we present FARNA, a knowledgebase of inferred functions of 10,289 human ncRNA transcripts (2,734 microRNA and 7,555 long ncRNA) in 119 tissues and 177 primary cells of human. Since transcription factors (TFs) and TF co-factors (TcoFs) are crucial components of regulatory machinery for activation of gene transcription, cellular processes and diseases in which TFs and TcoFs are involved suggest functions of the transcripts they regulate...
October 24, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918978/you-and-me-investigating-the-role-of-self-evaluative-emotion-in-preschool-prosociality
#6
Josephine Ross
Self-evaluative emotions depend on internalized social standards and motivate social action. However, there is a lack of empirical research documenting the impact of self-evaluative emotion on 3- and 4-year-olds' prosociality. Extant research relates children's experiences of guilt to empathetic concern and making amends. However, the relationship between guilt and both concern and making amends is potentially reductive. Empathetic concern involves similar bodily expressions to guilt, and amend making is used to distinguish guilt from shame in children...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918859/the-mediating-role-of-temporal-considerations-on-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-responses-to-organ-donation-messages
#7
Xiao Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao
Previous self-affirmation research has shown that individuals who are allowed to reflect on their values and self-worth are less likely to exhibit message derogation and are more likely to accept risk information and change their behaviors compared to those who are not. However, the underlying mechanisms for the effect are unclear. Based on a randomized experiment (N = 331), we examined the mediating role of temporal considerations in participants' health-related cognitions and emotional responses. We found that self-affirmed participants (vs...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917809/autonomic-cardiac-activity-in-patients-with-smoking-and-alcohol-addiction-by-heart-rate-variability-analysis
#8
Ramazan Yuksel, Rabia Nazik Yuksel, Tijen Sengezer, Senol Dane
PURPOSE: Smoking and alcohol addictions are common and worldwide. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of these addictions on cardiac rhythm using heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. METHODS: Addicts (n=42 men: 22 cigarette; 20 cigarette and alcohol) and age-matched controls (n=34 men) were included in the study. All patients fulfill the criteria for dependence according to DSM-IV-TR. Electrocardiography (ECG) recordings were obtained for a total of 30 minutes...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914303/a-necessary-evil-residential-placement-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-palestinian-minority-in-israel
#9
Kareem Nasser, Dalia Sachs, Amalia Sa'ar
Among the Palestinian minority in Israel, residential placement of people with intellectual disabilities [ID] is relatively new and steadily increasing, but poorly studied. A qualitative design was used to explore the process of residential placement decision by 18 parents of people with ID through semi-structured interviews. Sampling was purposive and data was analyzed thematically. Four main themes emerged representing parents' perceptions and experiences along the placement decision-making process, together indicating an experience of deeply 'conflicted parenting': (a) initial resistance to placement and its perception as abandonment and parental failure; (b) attrition following cumulative difficulties and lack of assistance; (c) resignation and reframing of placement as a necessary evil; (d) relief mixed with guilt, pain, and ambivalence following placement...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902887/why-do-smokers-talk-about-antismoking-campaigns-predictors-of-the-occurrence-and-content-of-campaign-generated-conversations
#10
Emily Brennan, Sarah J Durkin, Melanie Wakefield, Yoshihisa Kashima
Smokers often talk about antismoking campaigns, and these conversations can contribute to campaign effectiveness. However, little is known about the predictors and content of naturally occurring campaign-generated conversations. In two studies (Study 1, N = 480; Study 2, N = 232), we systematically examined whether the occurrence and content of smokers' conversations after exposure to one of eight antismoking television advertisements were predicted by characteristics of (a) the message, (b) intrapersonal responses to the message, (c) the individual, and (d) the social context in which exposure occurred...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#11
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898709/individual-differences-in-emotion-regulation-childhood-trauma-and-proneness-to-shame-and-guilt-in-adolescence
#12
Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar, Andrei C Miu
Dispositional shame and guilt have been associated with psychopathology and an increasing number of studies have traced this relation back to adolescence. This developmental period is thought to be characterized by maturational changes in emotion regulation, which also play an important role in vulnerability to psychopathology, but little is known about the links between emotion regulation and dispositional shame and guilt. The current study investigated the relations between individual differences in the habitual use of a wide range of emotion regulation strategies and proneness to shame and guilt in a large sample of adolescents (N = 706), aged 13 to 17 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898147/existentiell-kris-i-livets-slutskede-f%C3%A3-rst%C3%A3-rker-de-fysiska-symtomen-minskad-%C3%A3-ngest-och-k%C3%A3-nsla-av-gemenskap-kan-minska-upplevelsen-av-sm%C3%A3-rta
#13
Peter Strang
Existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms All crises have existential elements, but the crisis will transform to a predominantly existential crisis, when the dying person is no longer shielded from stressful thoughts about death, meaninglessness, existential loneliness and unsolved guilt issues. The suffering is not merely on an existential level, as the connection between body and mind is strong and existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms, e.g. pain. In this article, the influence of death anxiety and loneliness is discussed in relation to pain treatment in palliative care...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896940/empowering-women-to-breastfeed-does-the-baby-friendly-initiative-make-a-difference
#14
Danielle Groleau, Katherine W Pizarro, Luisa Molino, Katherine Gray-Donald, Sonia Semenic
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFI) is currently presented worldwide as the gold standard model of care for promoting and supporting breastfeeding. However, there is a lack of understanding about the ways in which health services, including the BFI, address the cultural change from a disembodied practice (formula feeding) to an embodied one (breastfeeding) in contexts where formula feeding is the norm. We used a qualitative case study methodology to compare the embodied experience of breastfeeding and the maternal experience of breastfeeding promotion and support services between mothers receiving care from institutions with low and high levels of BFI implementation in Québec, Canada...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896602/a-review-of-the-scientific-misconduct-inquiry-process-ankara-chamber-of-medicine-turkey
#15
Banu Gökçay, Berna Arda
The aim of this study is to review the inquiry process used in scientific misconduct cases in the Ankara Chamber of Medicine between the years 1998 and 2012. The violations of the "Disciplinary Regulations of the Turkish Medical Association" have been examined by keeping the names of the people, institutions, associations and journals secret. In total, 31 files have been studied and 11 of these files have been identified as related to scientific misconduct. The methods of inquiry, the decisions about the need for an investigation process, the types of scientific misconduct, and the adjudication processes have all been reported...
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895612/forgiveness-from-emotion-fit-emotional-frame-consumer-emotion-and-feeling-right-in-consumer-decision-to-forgive
#16
Yaxuan Ran, Haiying Wei, Qing Li
Three studies examine an emotion fit effect in the crisis communication, namely, the interaction between emotional frames of guilt and shame and consumer emotions of anger and fear on consumer forgiveness. Guilt-framing communication results in higher forgiveness than shame-framing for angry consumers, whereas shame-framing communication results in higher forgiveness than guilt-framing for fearful consumers. These effects are driven by consumers' accessible regulatory foci associated with anger/fear and guilt/shame...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893342/person-environment-mergence-and-separation-otto-rank-s-psychology-of-emotion-personality-and-culture
#17
Daniel Sullivan
Between 1924 and 1939 Otto Rank put forward three major elements of a comprehensive theoretical edifice that has yet to be fully articulated. These are conceptually linked by the fundamental importance of person-environment mergence and separation. Rank's theory of emotions highlights anxiety as the affect of separation, and guilt as the feeling that binds the individual to others. His personality theory distinguishes between the partialist, who responds to life fear with identification, and the totalist, who responds to death fear with projection...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893231/trajectories-of-higher-and-lower-order-dimensions-of-negative-and-positive-affect-relative-to-restrictive-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Ann F Haynos, Kelly C Berg, Li Cao, Ross D Crosby, Jason M Lavender, Linsey M Utzinger, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Despite robust support for the role of affect in the maintenance of binge eating and purging, the relationship between affect and restrictive eating remains poorly understood. To investigate the relationship between restrictive eating and affect, ecological momentary assessment data from 118 women with anorexia nervosa (AN) were used to examine trajectories of higher-order dimensions of negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA), as well as lower-order dimensions of NA (Fear, Guilt) and PA (Joviality, Self-Assurance) relative to restrictive eating...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890302/-facilitators-and-barriers-regarding-end-of-life-care-at-nursing-homes-a-focus-group-study
#19
María Remedios Sánchez-García, Marina Moreno-Rodríguez, César Hueso-Montoro, Concepción Campos-Calderón, Ana Varella-Safont, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
AIM: To identify the facilitators and barriers experienced by professional related to end of life care in nursing homes. DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative research with phenomenological orientation, through content analysis. PLACEMENT: Nursing Homes at Primary Care District in Granada (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen clinical professionals with, at least 6 months of experience in nursing homes, without specific background in palliative care...
November 24, 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889296/donor-and-recipient-views-on-their-relationship-in-living-kidney-donation-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#20
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Camilla S Hanson, Steve J Chadban, Jeremy R Chapman, Jonathan C Craig, John Kanellis, Grant Luxton, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Many donors and recipients report an improved relationship after transplantation; however, tension, neglect, guilt, and proprietorial concern over the recipient can impede donor and recipient well-being and outcomes. We aimed to describe donor and recipient expectations and experiences of their relationship in the context of living kidney donation. STUDY DESIGN: Thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Living kidney donors and recipients...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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