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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095335/guilt-shame-and-expressed-emotion-in-carers-of-people-with-long-term-mental-health-difficulties-a-systematic-review
#1
Mary Gemma Cherry, Peter James Taylor, Stephen Lloyd Brown, Jake Wilfred Rigby, William Sellwood
Expressed emotion (EE) is a global index of familial emotional climate, whose primary components are emotional over-involvement (EOI) and critical comments (CC)/hostility. There is a strong theoretical rationale for hypothesising that carers' guilt and shame may be differentially associated with their EOI and CC/hostility respectively. This systematic review investigates the magnitude of these theorised associations in carers of people with long-term mental health difficulties. Electronic searches (conducted in May 2016 across Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO and ProQuest) were supplemented with iterative hand searches...
January 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093822/the-role-of-guilt-sensitivity-in-ocd-symptom-dimensions
#2
Gabriele Melli, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli, Donatella Marazziti, Antonio Pinto
: Although some studies have found that guilt may precede, motivate, or be a consequence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the relationship between guilt and OCD has been under investigated. The studies that explored the role of trait guilt (guilt propensity) in OCD reported inconsistent findings and failed to support its predictive role. Since it has been suggested that OCD patients perceive guilt in a more threatening manner, it might also be relevant to test to what extent they negatively evaluate the experience of guilt (i...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093300/surgeon-as-the-second-victim-results-of-the-boston-intraoperative-adverse-events-surgeons-attitude-bisa-study
#3
Kelsey Han, Jordan Bohnen, Thomas Peponis, Myriam Martinez, Anirudh Nandan, Daniel D Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc Demoya, George Velmahos, Haytham Ma Kaafarani
BACKGROUND: An intraoperative adverse event (iAE) is often directly attributable to the surgeon's technical error and/or suboptimal intraoperative judgment. We aimed to examine the psychological impact of iAEs on surgeons as well as the surgeons' attitude regarding iAE reporting. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of all surgeons at three major teaching hospitals of the same university. The 29-item questionnaire was developed using a systematic closed and open approach focused on assessing the surgeons' 1) personal account of iAE incidence, 2) emotional response to iAEs, 3) available support systems and 4) perspective regarding the barriers to iAE reporting...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071144/do-emotions-spark-interest-in-alternative-tobacco-products
#4
Lucy Popova, Jiyeon So, Angeline Sangalang, Torsten B Neilands, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Exposure to advertisements for tobacco products and tobacco warning labels evokes emotions. This study evaluated the association of discrete positive and negative emotions with interest in alternative tobacco products. METHOD: In 2013, 1,226 U.S. adult nonsmokers and current smokers viewed advertisements for moist snuff, snus, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) with various warning labels and then indicated their emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, sadness, guilt, disgust, discouragement, hope, and contentment...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068142/distinguishing-war-related-ptsd-resulting-from-perpetration-and-betrayal-based-morally-injurious-events
#5
Alexander H Jordan, Ethan Eisen, Elisa Bolton, William P Nash, Brett T Litz
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) during a combat deployment may lead to PTSD through distinct pathways from danger-based events. We also examined the prevalence of perpetration-based PMIEs, during which service members behaved in ways that violated their own moral values, and betrayal-based PMIEs, during which personal moral expectations were violated by trusted others. METHOD: Using a sample of 867 active duty Marines from a single infantry battalion that engaged in heavy ground combat while deployed to Afghanistan, a structural equation model was built to examine the relationships between perpetration- and betrayal-based PMIEs, combat experiences, and peritraumatic dissociation reported at 1 month postdeployment, and guilt/shame, anger, and PTSD symptoms reported at 8 months postdeployment...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068141/ethnoracial-differences-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-trauma-related-cognitions-in-treatment-seeking-active-duty-military-personnel-for-ptsd
#6
Brittany N Hall-Clark, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Anu Asnaani, Jody Zhong, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether ethnoracial factors should be considered by clinicians assessing and treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members. The purpose of this study was to shed light on ethnoracial variation in the presentation of PTSD symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and emotions among treatment-seeking active duty military personnel. METHOD: Participants were 303 male active duty military members with PTSD participating in a clinical trial (60% were self-identified as White, 19% as African American, and 21% as Hispanic/Latino)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066153/collectors-on-illicit-collecting-higher-loyalties-and-other-techniques-of-neutralization-in-the-unlawful-collecting-of-rare-and-precious-orchids-and-antiquities
#7
Simon Mackenzie, Donna Yates
Trafficking natural objects and trafficking cultural objects have been treated separately both in regulatory policy and in criminological discussion. The former is generally taken to be 'wildlife crime' while the latter has come to be considered under the auspices of a debate on 'illicit art and antiquities'. In this article we study the narrative discourse of high-end collectors of orchids and antiquities. The illicit parts of these global trades are subject to this analytical divide between wildlife trafficking and art trafficking, and this has resulted in quite different regulatory structures for each of these markets...
August 2016: Theor Criminol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062935/pornography-religion-and-parent-child-relationship-quality
#8
Samuel L Perry, Kara J Snawder
Frequent pornography use is often negatively associated with marital quality. Recent research has argued that this negative association is particularly strong for those who are embedded in religious communities, likely due to the greater stigma and shame associated with viewing pornography. In order to test and extend this theory, the current study examined how religious service attendance moderates the link between parents' pornography consumption and four measures of parent-child relationship quality. Analyses of 2006 Portraits of American Life Study data (N = 2610) revealed that greater pornography viewing predicted negative outcomes on two out of four measures of parent-child relationship quality, while religious service attendance was associated with more positive parent-child relationship outcomes...
January 6, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043240/being-both-helpers-and-victims-health-professionals-experiences-of-working-during-a-natural-disaster
#9
Karin Hugelius, Annsofie Adolfsson, Per Örtenwall, Mervyn Gifford
BACKGROUND: In November 2013, the Haiyan typhoon hit parts of the Philippines. The typhoon caused severe damage to the medical facilities and many injuries and deaths. Health professionals have a crucial role in the immediate disaster response system, but knowledge of their experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster is limited. Aim The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster...
January 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040616/gender-as-a-predictor-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-children
#10
Amélie Gauthier-Duchesne, Martine Hébert, Marie-Ève Daspe
Despite the proliferation of studies documenting outcomes in sexually abused victims, gender differences remain understudied. The bulk of studies have relied on retrospective samples of adults with insufficient representation of male victims to explore gender specificities. This study examined differential outcomes among boy and girl victims of sexual abuse. A predictive model of outcomes including abuse characteristics and sense of guilt as mediators was proposed. Path analysis was conducted with a sample of 447 sexually abused children (319 girls and 128 boys), aged 6-12...
December 29, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038433/controlling-the-unruly-maternal-body-losing-and-gaining-control-over-the-body-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#11
Elena Neiterman, Bonnie Fox
This paper examines the feeling of lost control of the body that so many women experience through pregnancy and the postpartum period - why they feel it and how they interpret that feeling - and women's responses to the sense of lost control. For the 63 Canadian women we interviewed, the sense of lost control was related to the degree they felt their bodies changed and the number of physical problems they experienced while pregnant. Many women's references to "luck" as the cause of body changes and problems experienced underscored how little control they felt they had when they were pregnant...
December 23, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032138/holocaust-exposure-and-subsequent-suicide-risk-a-population-based-study
#12
Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Itzhak Levav, Stephen Z Levine
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the extent of genocide exposure and subsequent suicide risk among Holocaust survivors. METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014). They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030405/ce-human-papillomavirus-related-oral-cancers-the-nurse-s-role-in-mitigating-stigma-and-dispelling-myths
#13
Anne Katz
: The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oral cancers has been rising, the cancers occurring in adults at a younger age than HPV-negative oral cancers typically do and in men more often than women. Patients who are diagnosed often don't understand the disease's etiology. Because HPV is sexually transmitted, diagnosis with an HPV-related oral cancer may prompt feelings of shame, embarrassment, and guilt. There are currently three vaccines for HPV. It's essential for nurses to educate patients on HPV transmission and HPV-related oral cancer, thus helping to mitigate the stigma and dispel myths, and to promote vaccination in at-risk populations, including children and young adults...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018697/self-limited-kleptomania-symptoms-as-a-side-effect-of-duloxetine
#14
Christopher W T Miller, Keith E Gallagher
Introduction. Impulse control disorders (ICDs) have been described as a side effect of dopamine agonists, frequently used in neurodegenerative conditions affecting the nigrostriatal pathway. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (e.g., duloxetine) have dose-dependent differential affinity for monoaminergic transporters, inhibiting the dopamine transporter at higher doses, thus increasing availability of synaptic dopamine, with the potential for similar impulse control side effects. Case Presentation...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009114/guilt-blame-and-litigation-can-an-overenthusiastic-safety-culture-cause-harm
#15
Matthew Cauldwel, Philip Steer, Susan Bewley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006977/age-and-the-experience-of-strong-self-conscious-emotion
#16
Julie D Henry, William von Hippel, Matthew R Nangle, Michele Waters
OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear whether there are age-related changes in the experience of strong self-conscious emotion, such as shame, guilt, pride and embarrassment. Because shame and guilt figure prominently in the aetiology of depressive symptoms and other mental health problems, a better understanding of how age affects the strong experience of these two negative self-conscious emotions is of particular importance. METHODS: Thirty younger, 30 middle-aged and 30 older adults were compared on standardised cognitive assessments, in addition to an interview-based measure that assessed whether there are age differences in the likelihood of strongly experiencing four different types of self-conscious emotion within the past five years (shame, guilt, embarrassment and pride)...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999559/will-i-regret-it-anticipated-negative-emotions-modulate-choices-in-moral-dilemmas
#17
Carolina Pletti, Lorella Lotto, Alessandra Tasso, Michela Sarlo
We tested if post-decisional emotions of regret, guilt, shame, anger, and disgust can account for individuals' choices in moral dilemmas depicting the choice of letting some people die (non-utilitarian option) or sacrificing one person to save them (utilitarian option). We collected participants' choices and post-decisional emotional ratings for each option using Footbridge-type dilemmas, in which the sacrifice of one person is the means to save more people, and Trolley-type dilemmas, in which the sacrifice is only a side effect...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998696/food-insecurity-experience-building-empathy-in-future-food-and-nutrition-professionals
#18
Alison Harmon, Kara Landolfi, Carmen Byker Shanks, Leanna Hansen, Laura Iverson, Melody Anacker
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in empathy in students completing a food insecurity experience. DESIGN: Mixed methods; quantitative data from survey in years 1 and 2; qualitative data extracted from students' workbooks in years 2-5. This study was conducted over 10 weeks annually for 5 years. SETTING: Northwest US land-grant university. PARTICIPANTS: Students enrolled in a community nutrition course who chose to complete the food insecurity exercise...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993773/egad-ultra-fast-functional-analysis-of-gene-networks
#19
Sara Ballouz, Melanie Weber, Paul Pavlidis, Jesse Gillis
: Evaluating gene networks with respect to known biology is a common task but often a computationally costly one. Many computational experiments are difficult to apply exhaustively in network analysis due to run-times. To permit high-throughput analysis of gene networks, we have implemented a set of very efficient tools to calculate functional properties in networks based on guilt-by-association methods. EGAD: ( E: xtending ' G: uilt-by- A: ssociation' by D: egree) allows gene networks to be evaluated with respect to hundreds or thousands of gene sets...
December 19, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981693/caring-for-an-intimate-stranger-parenting-a-child-with-psychosis
#20
Eugenia Darmi, Thalia Bellali, Irini Papazoglou, Ioanna Karamitri, Danai Papadatou
INTRODUCTION: children who are diagnosed with psychosis often rely on their parents for prolonged care. The impact of such care is partially understood since most studies use quantitative methods and preexisting theoretical frameworks that limit their investigation to emotional burden, and emotional responses. AIM: Explore the parents' lived experience of caring for a child with psychosis. METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological design was used with a sample of 16 parents of children with psychotic disorders who were hospitalized or attended the outpatient clinic of a large psychiatric Greek hospital...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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