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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342434/-mothers-talk-part-unless-told-of-voluntary-abortion
#1
José Manuel Hernández Garre, Isabel María Aznar Mula, Paloma Echevarría Pérez
The aim of the study was to investigate the experiences linked to the post-abortion syndrome in mothers who have had a voluntary abortion. A phenomenological qualitative approach to collect the experiences of mothers who had voluntarily interrupted their pregnancy was used. The research technique was the semistructured interviews with women who had contacted different association's help of the Murcia region for support after experiencing symptoms consistent with post-abortion syndrome. The testimonies show feminist or utilitarian arguments to justify the decision to abort, they talk about a system, to some extent, mercantilist that has no real intention of giving real life choices...
January 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338887/washing-away-your-sins-in-the-brain-physical-cleaning-and-priming-of-cleaning-recruit-different-brain-networks-after-moral-threat
#2
Honghong Tang, Xiaping Lu, Rui Su, Zilu Liang, Xiaoqin Mai, Chao Liu
The association between moral purity and physical cleanliness has been widely discussed recently. Studies found that moral threat initiates the need of physical cleanliness, but actual physical cleaning and priming of cleaning have inconsistent effects on subsequent attitudes and behaviors. Here we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the underlying neural mechanism of actual physical cleaning and priming of cleaning. After recalling moral transgression with strong feelings of guilt and shame, participants either actually cleaned their faces with or were primed with cleanliness through ...
March 8, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330457/exercising-alcohol-patients-don-t-lack-motivation-but-struggle-with-structures-emotions-and-social-context-a-qualitative-dropout-study
#3
Sengül Sari, Ashley Elizabeth Muller, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important component of a healthy lifestyle, the development of which is a relapse prevention strategy for those with alcohol use disorder. However, it is a challenge to create exercise interventions with a persistent behavioural change. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate perceived barriers to participation in an exercise intervention among alcohol use disorder patients, who dropped out of the intervention program. Furthermore, this study aims to propose possibilities for a better practice of future intervention studies based on the participants' experiences and suggestions...
March 23, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330396/psychosocial-issues-related-to-thyroid-examination-after-a-radiation-disaster
#4
Sanae Midorikawa, Koichi Tanigawa, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru
A thyroid ultrasound examination program has been conducted in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to address concerns about the increased risk of thyroid cancer similar to those experienced by local residents after the 1986 Chernobyl accident. This is the second-largest thyroid cancer screening in younger age ever, following only that conducted after Chernobyl. As the natural history of thyroid cancer in younger populations is not well characterized, large-scale screening using thyroid ultrasound could result in overdiagnosis, even with careful planning, as has been experienced in South Korea...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318429/shame-as-a-compromise-for-humiliation-and-rage-in-the-internal-representation-of-abuse-by-loved-ones-processes-motivations-and-the-role-of-dissociation
#5
Martin J Dorahy
This paper examines one particular way a person abused may come to internally position themselves and the abuser to understand their abuse experience. It is based on a differentiation and exploration of the dynamic relationship between shame and humiliation associated with complex feelings the abused has to the abuser. Humiliation is described as denoting the naked self exposed by another, while shame is described as denoting the naked self exposed to another. From this lens, abusive events are conceived as humiliating experiences that come to be represented as shame experiences...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294056/prediction-of-the-ebola-virus-infection-related-human-genes-using-protein-protein-interaction-network
#6
HuanHuan Cao, YuHang Zhang, Jia Zhao, Liucun Zhu, Yi Wang, JiaRui Li, Yuanming Feng, Ning Zhang
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is caused by Ebola virus (EBOV). It is reported that human could be infected by EBOV with a high fatality rate. However, association factors between EBOV and host still tend to be ambiguous. According to the "guilt by association" (GBA) principle, proteins interacting with each other are very likely to function similarly or the same. Based on this assumption, we tried to obtain EBOV infection-related human genes in a protein-protein interaction network using Dijkstra algorithm...
March 10, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290062/understanding-negative-self-evaluations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-review-of-self-related-cognitions-emotions-and-motives
#7
REVIEW
Dorina Winter, Martin Bohus, Stefanie Lis
Self-conscious emotions, such as guilt, shame, or self-disgust, as well as self-related motives, such as self-enhancement or self-verification, influence how people perceive, evaluate, memorize, and respond to self-related information. They not only influence peoples' concepts of themselves but may also affect their behavior in social environments. In the current review, we describe alterations of self-related processing in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We chose BPD as an example of a mental disorder of which impairments in self-functioning and identity constitute a major feature...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287757/crip-for-a-day-the-unintended-negative-consequences-of-disability-simulations
#8
Michelle R Nario-Redmond, Dobromir Gospodinov, Angela Cobb
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of disability simulations on mood, self-ascribed disability stereotypes, attitudes about interacting with disabled individuals, and behavioral intentions for improving campus accessibility. DESIGN: Experiment 1 evaluated disability-awareness simulations by randomly assigning undergraduates (N = 60) with and without disabilities to stations simulating either dyslexia, hearing or mobility impairments. Experiment 2 extended the field study into the lab where undergraduates (N = 50) with and without disabilities each completed low vision, hearing impairment, and dyslexia simulations...
March 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286371/further-evidence-for-reliability-and-validity-of-the-triarchic-psychopathy-measure-in-a-forensic-sample-and-a-community-sample
#9
Josanne D M van Dongen, Laura E Drislane, Henk Nijman, Sabrina E Soe-Agnie, Hjalmar J C van Marle
Psychopathy is often described as a constellation of personality characteristics encompassing features such as impulsivity and antisociality, and a lack of empathy and guilt. Although the use of self-reports to assess psychopathy is still debated, there are distinct advantages to such measures and recent research suggests that they may not be as problematic as previously thought. This study further examined the reliability and validity of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) in a community sample (N = 496) and forensic psychiatric patient sample (N = 217)...
2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278614/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-guilt-on-health-related-attitudes-and-intentions
#10
Zhan Xu, Hao Guo
Guilt appeals are successful in encouraging healthy behaviors as proved by many studies. However, there has been no previous systematic review of guilt research in health domain. Thus, a meta-analysis of eight studies (2,061 subjects) was conducted to examine the effectiveness of guilt on health-related attitudes and intentions. The result revealed a strong positive overall effect of guilt (r = .49, 95% CI 0.31-0.64) despite the heterogeneity. Guilt had a stronger power in changing attitudes/intentions when paired with text-only messages than text-picture mixed messages...
February 7, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278018/-i-just-feel-like-i-am-broken-i-am-the-worst-pregnant-woman-ever-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-at-odds-experience-of-women-s-antenatal-distress
#11
Aleksandra A Staneva, Fiona Bogossian, Alina Morawska, Anja Wittkowski
Advances in perinatal mental health research have provided valuable insights around risk factors for the overall development of maternal distress. However, there is still a limited understanding of the experience of women struggling emotionally during pregnancy. We explored how women view, experience, and interpret psychological distress antenatally. Eighteen Australian women participated in in-depth interviews that were analyzed thematically within a critical realist theoretical framework. We present and situate the current findings within the dominant discourse of the good mother, which arguably promotes guilt and stigma and results in women self-labeling as bad mothers...
February 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277975/weaponized-sex-defensive-pseudo-erotic-aggression-in-the-service-of-safety
#12
Richard P Kluft
Problematic sexual behaviors are frequently encountered in the treatment of patients suffering Dissociative Identity Disorder and related forms of dissociative disorders. These may include unfortunate patterns of ready acquiescence or submission to overtly or potentially aggressive or sexual approaches/encounters, subtle and/or overt seductive signaling and behaviors, and even overt sexually provocative patterns of verbalizations and actions. This paper discusses the possibility that in some instances, sexual behavior has become weaponized; that is, deployed in circumstances under which assertiveness and/or aggression or other self-protective measures might be expected, probably because such behaviors were not within the range of the possible or were not understood as potentially successful for some victims of trauma...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277721/clarifying-the-link-between-job-satisfaction-and-absenteeism-the-role-of-guilt-proneness
#13
Rebecca L Schaumberg, Francis J Flynn
We propose that the relationship between job satisfaction and absenteeism depends partly on guilt proneness. Drawing on withdrawal and process models of absenteeism, we argue that job satisfaction predicts absences for employees who are low (but not high) in guilt proneness because low guilt-prone people's behaviors are governed more by fulfilling their own egoistic desires than by fulfilling others' normative expectations. We find support for this prediction in a sample of customer service agents working for a major telecommunications company and a sample of working adults employed in a range of industries...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276947/assessment-of-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-long-standing-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2-patients
#14
Karine Candido Rodrigues, Rodrigo Almeida Toledo, Flavia Lima Coutinho, Adriana Bezerra Nunes, Rui M B Maciel, Ana Oliveira Hoff, Marcos C Tavares, Sergio P A Toledo, Delmar Muniz Lourenço
BACKGROUND: Scarce data on psychological harm in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) are available. OBJECTIVES: To assess anxiety, depression, quality of life and coping in long-standing MEN2 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three adults (age ≥ 18 y) with clinical and genetic diagnosis of MEN2 and long-term follow-up (10.6±8.2 years; 1-33). A cross-sectional study with qualitative and quantitative psychological assessment using semi-directed interviews and HADS, EORTC QLQ C30 and MINI-MAC scales...
March 9, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265891/a-descriptive-study-of-a-spirituality-curriculum-for-general-psychiatry-residents
#15
Thomas F McGovern, Terry McMahon, Jessica Nelson, Regina Bundoc-Baronia, Chuck Giles, Vanessa Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: The study collected data on the attitudes of residents toward religion and spirituality in their practice after taking part in a 3-year curriculum on spirituality during their residency. METHODS: This is a descriptive, single-site study with psychiatry residents as subjects. A questionnaire was given to the residents at the end of their third year of residency (N = 12). RESULTS: The responses heavily endorsed the religiousness/spirituality curriculum to be helpful and meaningful...
March 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262938/the-motivational-foundations-of-prosocial-behavior-from-a-developmental-perspective-evolutionary-roots-and-key-psychological-mechanisms-introduction-to-the-special-section
#16
Maayan Davidov, Amrisha Vaish, Ariel Knafo-Noam, Paul D Hastings
Prosocial behavior is versatile, multifaceted, and complex. This special section seeks to advance coherent, integrative understanding of prosocial development by addressing this topic through the prism of motivations. This conceptual Introduction presents key ideas that provide a framework for thinking about motivation for prosocial behavior and its development. It outlines the evolutionary roots of prosocial behavior, underscoring the interdependent roles of nature and nurture. This is followed by a discussion of several key psychological mechanisms reflecting different motivations for prosocial action (empathy for a distressed other, concern about another's goal, desire to act in accordance with internalized prosocial norms, and guilt)...
November 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262936/the-early-emergence-of-guilt-motivated-prosocial-behavior
#17
Amrisha Vaish, Malinda Carpenter, Michael Tomasello
Guilt serves vital prosocial functions: It motivates transgressors to make amends, thus restoring damaged relationships. Previous developmental research on guilt has not clearly distinguished it from sympathy for a victim or a tendency to repair damage in general. The authors tested 2- and 3-year-old children (N = 62 and 64, respectively) in a 2 × 2 design, varying whether or not a mishap caused harm to someone and whether children themselves caused that mishap. Three-year-olds showed greatest reparative behavior when they had caused the mishap and it caused harm, thus showing a specific effect of guilt...
November 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262929/children-s-sympathy-guilt-and-moral-reasoning-in-helping-cooperation-and-sharing-a-6-year-longitudinal-study
#18
Tina Malti, Sophia F Ongley, Joanna Peplak, Maria P Chaparro, Marlis Buchmann, Antonio Zuffianò, Lixian Cui
This study examined the role of sympathy, guilt, and moral reasoning in helping, cooperation, and sharing in a 6-year, three-wave longitudinal study involving 175 children (Mage 6.10, 9.18, and 12.18 years). Primary caregivers reported on children's helping and cooperation; sharing was assessed behaviorally. Child sympathy was assessed by self- and teacher reports, and self-attributed feelings of guilt-sadness and moral reasoning were assessed by children's responses to transgression vignettes. Sympathy predicted helping, cooperation, and sharing...
November 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252831/liberating-burdensomeness-of-suicide-survivorship-loss-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Anne-Grethe Talseth Talseth, Fredricka L Gilje
Surviving the death of person by suicide can be a human drama, evoking burdensome pain with life-altering and devastating effects on daily life (Jordan 2008; Schneider et al. 2011). Such experiences affect quality of life, various aspects of health and impact economic and productivity of a community (Mitchell et al. 2005). Loss of a loved one to suicide is considered a stressful event accompanied by an array of health risk responses, including stigma, anger, shame (e.g., Watson and Lee 1993), guilt (e.g., Van Dongen 1990; Watson and Lee 1993), isolation, rejection, abandonment and blame (Range 1998)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249624/a-tailored-compassion-focused-therapy-program-for-sexual-minority-young-adults-with-depressive-symotomatology-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christopher A Pepping, Anthony Lyons, Ruth McNair, James N Kirby, Nicola Petrocchi, Paul Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults. This is despite research highlighting unique predictors of depressive symptomatology in this population. Here we outline a protocol for an RCT that will test the preliminary efficacy of a tailored compassion-focused therapy (CFT) intervention for young LGB adults compared with a self-directed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with no specific tailoring for LGB individuals...
March 1, 2017: BMC Psychology
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