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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644859/grief-interventions-for-people-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-review
#1
Katja Linde, Julia Treml, Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Adaption to the loss of a loved one due to suicide can be complicated by feelings of guilt, shame, responsibility, rejection, and stigmatization. Therefore people bereaved by suicide have an increased risk for developing complicated grief which is related to negative physical and mental disorders and an increased risk for suicidal behavior. Grief interventions are needed for this vulnerable population. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the current state of evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions that focus on grief for people bereaved by suicide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641929/initiation-and-engagement-with-methadone-treatment-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#2
Kristin M Mattocks, Robin Clark, Linda Weinreb
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of experiences and challenges with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and obstetrical care among pregnant and postpartum women enrolled in a methadone maintenance program. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study featured a grounded theory approach including two focus groups with pregnant and postpartum methadone users at a methadone maintenance clinic in Worcester, Massachusetts. Two research team members conducted and recorded focus groups, which took approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour...
June 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638621/the-role-of-dsm-5-borderline-personality-symptomatology-and-traits-in-the-link-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-risk-in-psychiatric-patients
#3
Bo Bach, Rita Fjeldsted
BACKGROUND: Childhood traumas appear to be linked to suicidal behavior. However, the factors that mediate between these two phenomena are not sufficiently understood. Recent findings suggest that borderline personality disorder (BPD) may explain some of the association. METHOD: The present study investigated the potential mediating role of BPD symptomatology and traits between reported childhood trauma and suicidal risk in adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 124)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638131/the-flexible-function-of-the-modern-kleinian-psychoanalytic-approach-interpreting-through-the-unbearable-security-of-paranoid-and-depressive-phantasies
#4
Robert Waska
Working to establish analytic contact (Waska, 2007) with a patient involves the verbal act of interpretation. But, how one interprets and what we try to hold in words is not the same with each patient. Each patient requires, invites, provokes and responds to a unique mixture of interpretive elements or approaches. The projective identification process that is so often the bedrock of the transference, and therefore the catalyst of the counter-transference, forms the psychological climate between patient and analyst...
September 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635580/hide-and-sick-self-concealment-shame-and-distress-in-the-setting-of-psycho-oncology
#5
Reut Wertheim, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Noam Pizem, Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Gil Goldzweig
OBJECTIVE: Both trait and contextual self-concealment, as well as shame- and guilt-proneness, have previously been found to be associated with psychological distress. However, findings regarding the associations between these variables among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer are limited. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the relationship between shame-proneness and psychological distress (anxiety and depression) by examining the mediating role of both trait and contextual self-concealment among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer...
June 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635534/exploring-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-pmdd-in-the-work-context-a-qualitative-study
#6
Claire Hardy, Jenna Hardie
This study aims to explore women's experience of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in the workplace, and identify if organizations can do anything to help. Analysis of 15 semi-structured interviews, using an inductive thematic analysis approach, revealed the most common symptoms women experience at work include difficulty in concentrating, self-doubt, paranoia, fatigue, tearfulness, a heightened sensitivity to the environment and people, outbursts, and finding social interaction particularly difficult during this premenstrual "episode" phase...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#7
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628957/affect-symptom-fantasy-dream-clinical-and-theoretical-considerations
#8
Eugene J Mahon
A symptom being studied in the process of analysis can be seen as not unlike the unconscious affect it sprang from. The author presents a case in which a symptom, premature ejaculation, was analogous to the unconscious affect of guilt, which itself seemed to be a premature defensive transformation of a deeper current of anger. Guilt was interpreted as if it were a psychic premature ejaculation, a defensive derailment of anger. Fantasy and dream seemed to be engaged in similar transformations, with a fantasy of "premature incarceration" not unlike the symptom itself in its analogous functioning...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620333/the-role-of-perceived-in-group-moral-superiority-in-reparative-intentions-and-approach-motivation
#9
Zsolt P Szabó, Noémi Z Mészáros, István Csertő
Three studies examined how members of a national group react to in-group wrongdoings. We expected that perceived in-group moral superiority would lead to unwillingness to repair the aggression. We also expected that internal-focused emotions such as group-based guilt and group-based shame would predict specific, misdeed-related reparative intentions but not general approach motivation toward the victim groups. In Study 1, facing the in-group's recent aggression, participants who believed that the Hungarians have been more moral throughout their history than members of other nations, used more exonerating cognitions, experienced less in-group critical emotions and showed less willingness to provide reparations for the members of the victim group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#10
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613131/ego-boundary-deficits-and-the-negative-therapeutic-inter-action-a-tale-of-a-whale-a-whale-of-a-tale
#11
Charles A Peterson
Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#12
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609578/the-loss-of-a-fellow-service-member-complicated-grief-in-post-9-11-service-members-and-veterans-with-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Naomi M Simon, Emily B O'Day, Samantha N Hellberg, Susanne S Hoeppner, Meredith E Charney, Donald J Robinaugh, Eric Bui, Elizabeth M Goetter, Amanda W Baker, Andrew H Rogers, Mireya Nadal-Vicens, Margaret R Venners, Hyungjin M Kim, Sheila A M Rauch
Bereavement is a potent and highly prevalent stressor among service members and veterans. However, the psychological consequences of bereavement, including complicated grief (CG), have been minimally examined. Loss was assessed in 204 post-9/11, when service members and veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) took part in a multicenter treatment study. Those who reported the loss of an important person completed the inventory of complicated grief (ICG; n = 160). Over three quarters (79...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606406/-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#14
Laurent Lecardeur, Dominique Joly
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited disease that usually occurs in adulthood. The majority of affected patients will develop renal complications related to cysts during their life, but may sometimes also develop severe extrarenal complications. The aim of this study is to review quantitative and qualitative results of researches that have investigated quality of life of patients suffering ADPKD. The results obtained with health-relative quality of life scales are contradictory and lack of sensibility according to the special features of ADPKD, for psychological impact for instance...
June 9, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605215/experienced-based-versus-scenario-based-assessments-of-shame-and-guilt-and-their-relationship-to-alcohol-consumption-and-problems
#15
Jason Luoma, Paul Guinther, Jacqueline Potter, Megan Cheslock
BACKGROUND: Empirical studies of the relationships between shame, guilt, and drinking are sparse and sometimes appear contradictory. However, a more coherent picture emerges when researchers differentiate between measures of experienced of guilt and shame (i.e., questionnaires that ask how often people experience thoughts, feelings, and sensations associated with the emotion) versus proneness to guilt and shame (i.e., self-report of likely responses to imagined situations) is understood...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604228/a-developmental-model-of-clergy-engagement-with-suicide
#16
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Mollie Clark
Clergy have a key role in suicide prevention but report being undertrained, perhaps because a model that captures the competencies needed to engage suicide in faith communities and how these skills develop has not previously been available. Using grounded theory, this study addressed this gap by generating a developmental rubric based on interviews with 19 Protestant clergy, which were analyzed using a constant comparative method and were checked by interviewees operating at the highest level of development...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604059/gender-effects-on-components-of-burden-and-depression-among-dementia-caregivers
#17
Sarah Pillemer, Jennifer Davis, Geoffrey Tremont
OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has examined burden and depression predominately as unitary constructs in relation to dementia caregiving. No studies thus far have examined gender differences in the specific components of burden and depression in dementia caregivers. The current study examined whether empirically validated dimensions of caregiver burden differed by gender for dementia caregivers. METHODS: The sample consisted of 211 dementia caregivers enrolled in a longitudinal intervention study...
June 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602567/medical-students-reflections-on-emotions-concerning-breaking-bad-news
#18
Asta Kristiina Toivonen, Sari Lindblom-Ylänne, Pekka Louhiala, Eeva Pyörälä
OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of fourth year medical students' reflections on emotions in the context of breaking bad news (BBN). METHODS: During the years 2010-2012, students reflected on their emotions concerning BBN in a learning assignment at the end of the communications skills course. The students were asked to write a description of how they felt about a BBN case. The reflections were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: 351 students agreed to participate in the study...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602112/the-role-of-social-cognitive-and-emotional-factors-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration
#19
Lee Shepherd, Cherokee Walbey, Brian Lovell
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that exclusive breastfeeding is likely to be predicted by social-cognitive variables and fear. However, there is little research assessing the role of regret and self-conscious emotions (e.g., pride and guilt) in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Research aim: The primary aim of this research was to determine whether social-cognitive variables, fear, regret, and self-conscious emotions predict exclusive breastfeeding duration. The secondary aim of this research was to assess whether these factors predict infant-feeding choice (i...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597940/-undoing-or-symbolic-reversal-at-homicide-crime-scenes
#20
Maria Russell, Louis B Schlesinger, Maria Leon, Samantha Holdren
A closed case file review of a nonrandom national sample of 975 homicides disclosed 11 cases (1.13%) of undoing, wherein offenders engaged in crime scene behavior that has been considered an attempt to symbolically reverse the murder. The frequency of the various methods of undoing involved the use of blankets to cover the victim's body (55%), positioning the body (55%), use of a bed or couch (42%), washing the body (36%), using pillows (36%), as well as removing clothing and adding other types of adornments (27%)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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