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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933991/let-him-not-be-alone-perspectives-of-older-british-south-asian-minority-ethnic-patients-on-dying-in-acute-hospitals
#1
Munikumar Ramasamy Venkatasalu
AIM: To investigate older British South Asians' views on dying at acute hospitals. BACKGROUND: Older people, including those from ethnic minorities prefer 'home as a haven' for their last days of life; however, they are more likely to die in hospital. METHODS: Constructive grounded theory was used as a methodological approach that informed data collection to data analysis. Open meetings with 11 local South Asian community organisations enabled the researchers to recruit a total of 55 older South Asians in this study...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931400/conduct-disorders-and-psychopathy-in-children-and-adolescents-aetiology-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-strategies-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#2
REVIEW
Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Gorga, Valentina Levantini, Raffaella Iuliano, Gennaro Catone, Giangennaro Coppola, Annarita Milone, Gabriele Masi
Conduct Disorder (CD) is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others and major age-appropriate social norms or rules are violated. Callous Unemotional (CU) traits are a meaningful specifier in subtyping CD for more severe antisocial and aggressive behaviours in adult psychopathology; they represent the affective dimension of adult psychopathy, but they can be also detected in childhood and adolescence. The CU traits include lack of empathy, sense of guilt and shallow emotion, and their characterization in youth can improve our diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic abilities...
September 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921770/does-an-observer-s-empathy-influence-my-pain-effect-of-perceived-empathetic-or-unempathetic-support-in-a-pain-test
#3
C Fauchon, I Faillenot, A M Perrin, C Borg, V Pichot, F Chouchou, L Garcia-Larrea, R Peyron
The physiological and behavioural effects of empathy for other's pain have been widely investigated, while the opposite situation, i.e. the influence on one's pain of empathetic feedback from others, remains largely unexplored. Here, we assessed whether and how empathetic and unempathetic comments from observers modulate pain and associated vegetative reactions. In Study 1, conversations between observers of a pain study were recorded by professional actors. Comments were prepared to be perceived as empathetic, unempathetic, or neutral, and were validated in 40 subjects...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918672/protein-complexes-big-data-machine-learning-and-integrative-proteomics-lessons-learned-over-a-decade-of-systematic-analysis-of-protein-interaction-networks
#4
Pierre C Havugimana, Pingzhao Hu, Andrew Emili
Elucidation of the networks of physical (functional) interactions present in cells and tissues is fundamental for understanding the molecular organization of biological systems, the mechanistic basis of essential and disease-related processes, and for functional annotation of previously uncharacterized proteins (via guilt-by-association or -correlation). After a decade in the field, we felt it timely to document our own experiences in the systematic analysis of protein interaction networks. Areas covered: Researchers worldwide have contributed innovative experimental and computational approaches that have driven the rapidly evolving field of 'functional proteomics'...
September 18, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#5
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915238/a-high-resolution-atlas-of-gene-expression-in-the-domestic-sheep-ovis-aries
#6
Emily L Clark, Stephen J Bush, Mary E B McCulloch, Iseabail L Farquhar, Rachel Young, Lucas Lefevre, Clare Pridans, Hiu Tsang, Chunlei Wu, Cyrus Afrasiabi, Mick Watson, C Bruce Whitelaw, Tom C Freeman, Kim M Summers, Alan L Archibald, David A Hume
Sheep are a key source of meat, milk and fibre for the global livestock sector, and an important biomedical model. Global analysis of gene expression across multiple tissues has aided genome annotation and supported functional annotation of mammalian genes. We present a large-scale RNA-Seq dataset representing all the major organ systems from adult sheep and from several juvenile, neonatal and prenatal developmental time points. The Ovis aries reference genome (Oar v3.1) includes 27,504 genes (20,921 protein coding), of which 25,350 (19,921 protein coding) had detectable expression in at least one tissue in the sheep gene expression atlas dataset...
September 15, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912969/migration-related-stressors-and-their-effect-on-the-severity-level-and-symptom-pattern-of-depression-among-vietnamese-in-germany
#7
Simon Wolf, Eric Hahn, Michael Dettling, Main Huong Nguyen, Katja Wingenfeld, Markus Stingl, Bernd Hanewald, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVES: Vietnamese in Germany represent a scarcely researched and vulnerable group for mental health problems, especially under exposure to migration-related stressors (MRS). This study analyzes the effect of those MRS on the severity level and symptom pattern of depression. DESIGN: We analyzed the data of 137 depressed Vietnamese patients utilizing Germany's first Vietnamese psychiatric outpatient clinic. Hierarchical linear regression models were applied to investigate how the quantity of MRS influenced (1) the overall severity of self-reported depression symptoms; (2) the cognitive, affective, and somatic BDI-II subscale; and (3) the single BDI-II items of these subscales...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905128/women-s-subjective-experiences-of-living-with-vulvodynia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#8
Rebekah Shallcross, Joanne M Dickson, David Nunns, Catharine Mackenzie, Gundi Kiemle
Vulvodynia, the experience of an idiopathic pain in the form of burning, soreness, or throbbing in the vulval area, affects around 4-16% of the population. The current review used systematic search strategies and meta-ethnography as a means of identifying, analyzing, and synthesizing the existing literature pertaining to women's subjective experiences of living with vulvodynia. Four key concepts were identified: (1) Social Constructions: Sex, Women, and Femininity: Women experienced negative consequences of social narratives around womanhood, sexuality, and femininity, including the prioritization of penetrative sex, the belief that it is the role of women to provide sex for men, and media portrayals of sex as easy and natural...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#9
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893159/ethics-and-quality-care-in-nursing-homes-relatives-experiences
#11
Rita Jakobsen, Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: A total of 71,000 people in Norway suffer from some form of dementia in 2013, of whom approximately 30,000 are in nursing homes. Several studies focus on the experiences of those who have close relatives and who are staying in a nursing home. Results show that a greater focus on cooperation between nursing staff and relatives is a central prerequisite for an increased level of care. Benefits of developing systematic collaboration practices include relief for nursing staff, less stress, and greater mutual understanding...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888495/teachers-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Kay Lawrence, Robin Dawson Estrada, Jessica McCormick
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to examine teacher experiences with and perceptions of students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Teachers are integral in helping these children learn effectively and foster healthy relationships, yet little is known about their interactions with these children. DESIGN AND METHOD: Semi structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of fourteen currently practicing or retired elementary and middle schools teachers in North Carolina and South Carolina...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886393/body-checking-is-associated-with-weight-and-body-related-shame-and-weight-and-body-related-guilt-among-men-and-women
#13
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (Mage=28.29, SD=14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p<.001), weight- and body-related shame (p<.001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p<.001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R(2)=...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881978/incorporating-interaction-networks-into-the-determination-of-functionally-related-hit-genes-in-genomic-experiments-with-markov-random-fields
#14
Sean Robinson, Jaakko Nevalainen, Guillaume Pinna, Anna Campalans, J Pablo Radicella, Laurent Guyon
Motivation: Incorporating gene interaction data into the identification of 'hit' genes in genomic experiments is a well-established approach leveraging the 'guilt by association' assumption to obtain a network based hit list of functionally related genes. We aim to develop a method to allow for multivariate gene scores and multiple hit labels in order to extend the analysis of genomic screening data within such an approach. Results: We propose a Markov random field-based method to achieve our aim and show that the particular advantages of our method compared with those currently used lead to new insights in previously analysed data as well as for our own motivating data...
July 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877699/honoring-the-voices-of-bereaved-caregivers-a-metasummary-of-qualitative-research
#15
Lorraine Holtslander, Sharon Baxter, Kelly Mills, Sarah Bocking, Tina Dadgostari, Wendy Duggleby, Vicky Duncan, Peter Hudson, Agatha Ogunkorode, Shelley Peacock
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving in the context of advanced disease in particular, can be physically and emotionally taxing. Caregivers can subsequently face bereavement exhausted with few supports, limited resources and a significant proportion will develop negative psychological and social outcomes. Although some research has attended to the bereavement experiences of family caregivers who had cared for a person requiring palliative care, a comprehensive qualitative understanding of the impact of caregiving on bereavement has not been articulated...
September 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871882/cultural-differences-in-shame-and-guilt-as-understandable-reasons-for-suicide
#16
Marisa K Crowder, Markus Kemmelmeier
According to the World Health Organization, a major barrier to suicide prevention work is the social stigma surrounding suicide. Since clinical research has long shown that shame and guilt are often involved in suicide and suicide ideation, the present two studies explore the extent to which individuals associate shame and guilt with suicide ideation and behavior according to their cultural background. Using a scenario approach, 1,147 Americans in two separate studies read about a traumatic situation in which the target person experienced intense shame or intense guilt...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871812/-this-is-killing-me-inside-the-impact-of-having-a-parent-with-young-onset-dementia
#17
Helen J Aslett, Jaci C Huws, Robert T Woods, Joanne Kelly-Rhind
This study explored the experience of young adults having a parent with young-onset dementia. In-depth interviews were undertaken with five participants aged between 23 and 36 years of age and these were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Participants were found to experience a number of stresses in relation to their parent's illness, many of which were linked to loss and guilt. Five main themes were identified related to relationship changes, shifts in roles and responsibilities, support for the non-affected parent, support for self and the impact of living with their own potential risk of dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869033/life-course-of-children-with-parental-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Julie Yoon Moberg
BACKGROUND: The majority of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience onset of MS between the ages of 20 and 40. Since two-thirds of the persons with MS are young women of childbearing age, parenthood is an essential issue during this period of life. The potential influence of parental MS on children arises from the varied symptoms of the chronic illness, which affect physical and cognitive abilities. MS disabilities and fatigue can restrict daily life and result in less energy for activities or job loss and thus worse conditions for the family...
August 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857628/correlation-between-allopregnanolone-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-during-late-menopausal-transition-and-early-postmenopause
#19
Radoslaw Slopien, Nicola Pluchino, Alina Warenik-Szymankiewicz, Stefan Sajdak, Michele Luisi, Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Andrea R Genazzani
OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study included 140 women with climacteric symptoms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between the presence and severity of depressive symptoms and allopregnanolone levels in women during late menopausal transition and early postmenopause. METHODS: The study group was divided into two groups: 45 women in late menopausal transition and 95 early postmenopausal women. We evaluated Kupperman index, Hamilton scale and serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, 17β-estradiol, prolactin, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and allopregnanolone levels...
August 31, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851331/-i-would-rather-be-told-than-not-know-a-qualitative-study-exploring-parental-views-on-identifying-the-future-risk-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-during-infancy
#20
Faye Bentley, Judy Anne Swift, Rachel Cook, Sarah A Redsell
BACKGROUND: Risk assessment tools provide an opportunity to prevent childhood overweight and obesity through early identification and intervention to influence infant feeding practices. Engaging parents of infants is paramount for success however; the literature suggests there is uncertainty surrounding the use of such tools with concerns about stigmatisation, labelling and expressions of parental guilt. This study explores parents' views on identifying future risk of childhood overweight and obesity during infancy and communicating risk to parents...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
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