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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#1
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344536/a-cry-for-help-and-protest-self-immolation-in-young-kurdish-iraqi-women-a-qualitative-study
#2
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#3
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332526/the-effects-of-victim-age-perceiver-gender-and-parental-status-on-perceptions-of-victim-culpability-when-girls-or-women-are-sexually-abused
#4
Bianca Klettke, David Mellor
This study investigated perceptions of victim culpability in sexual assaults against girls and women according to victim age, perceiver gender, and perceiver parental status. Overall, 420 jury-eligible participants completed an online survey recording their attributions of guilt, responsibility, and blame toward 10-, 15-, and 20-year-old girls and women in relation to sexual assault. Attributions of culpability were affected by whether the victim physically or verbally resisted the abuse, wore sexually revealing clothes, or was described as having acted promiscuously...
July 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#5
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328008/-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-current-insights-in-diagnostics-treatment-and-prevention
#6
A Lok, J L Frijling, M van Zuiden
- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after traumatic events.- PTSD is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the Netherlands, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 7%.- Recurrent re-experiencing of the traumatic event is the most characteristic PTSD symptom.- Recognition of PTSD may be hampered by the heterogeneous symptomatology, avoidance to talk about the trauma and highly frequent comorbid psychiatric and somatic comorbidity.- Feelings of guilt and shame may also influence reported trauma history...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319390/an-exploration-of-pain-experiences-and-their-meaning-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Annemarie L Lee, Samantha L Harrison, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which negatively influences quality of life and psychological well-being. However, our understanding of how those with COPD interpret the experience of pain is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore how individuals with moderate to severe COPD experience pain. METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with COPD who reported experiencing pain for greater than three months participated in in-depth interviews...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311753/shame-is-bad-and-guilt-is-good-an-examination-of-the-impaired-control-over-drinking-pathway-to-alcohol-use-and-related-problems
#8
Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jessica R Canning, Robert F Leeman
Tension Reduction Theory (Kushner et al., 1994) suggests alcohol is used as a means to alleviate negative affect (NA) such as shame and guilt. Shame is an internalized response in which blame is placed on the self, while guilt is not internalized and the blame is placed on the situation (Dearing et al., 2005). This study aims to investigate relationships of shame and guilt to alcohol use and problems through the mechanisms of multiple facets of impulsivity (i.e. UPPS) and impaired control over drinking (IC), which reflect behavioral control processes...
January 15, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309201/guilt-after-placement-questionnaire-a-new-instrument-to-assess-caregiver-emotional-functioning-following-nursing-home-placement
#9
Jennifer Duncan Davis, Benjamin D Hill, Sarah Pillemer, Joshua Taylor, Geoffrey Tremont
OBJECTIVE: Guilt is a core feature of dementia caregivers' experiences following placement. This study describes and validates a new assessment tool for monitoring caregiver adjustment after placement. METHODS: Forty-six items addressing ambivalence and guilt about placement were tested with 170 dementia caregivers (M age = 56.79, SD = 13.19; 69.4% female; 54.7% adult child). RESULTS: Using principal axis factor analysis, 10 items were retained that showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
January 8, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304784/ethical-aspects-of-diagnosis-and-interventions-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-and-their-families
#10
Gert Helgesson, Göran Bertilsson, Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Emelie Heintz, Anders Hjern, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Viviann Nordin, Jenny Rangmar, Ann-Margret Rydell, Viveka Sundelin Wahlsten, Monica Hultcrantz
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term covering several conditions for which alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken to play a causal role. The benefit of individuals being identified with a condition within FASD remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify ethical aspects and consequences of diagnostics, interventions, and family support in relation to FASD. METHODS: Ethical aspects relating to diagnostics, interventions, and family support regarding FASD were compiled and discussed, drawing on a series of discussions with experts in the field, published literature, and medical ethicists...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303420/the-social-side-of-shame-approach-versus-withdrawal
#11
Ilona E de Hooge, Seger M Breugelmans, Fieke M A Wagemans, Marcel Zeelenberg
At present, the consequences and functions of experiences of shame are not yet well understood. Whereas psychology literature typically portrays shame as being bad for social relations, motivating social avoidance and withdrawal, there are recent indications that shame can be reinterpreted as having clear social tendencies in the form of motivating approach and social affiliation. Yet, until now, no research has ever put these alternative interpretations of shame-motivated behaviours directly to the test. The present paper presents such a test by studying the extent to which shame motivates a preference for social withdrawal versus a preference for social approach...
January 5, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294918/abuse-is-abuse-the-influence-of-type-of-abuse-victim-age-and-defendant-age-on-juror-decision-making
#12
Chelsea L Sheahan, Emily Pica, Joanna D Pozzulo
The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of victim age, defendant age, and type of abuse on mock juror decision making. Mock jurors ( N = 556) read a trial transcript in which a soccer coach was accused of sexual abuse or physical abuse against a player. The victim's age (child, adolescent, or young adult), the defendant's age (young, middle age, or older adult), and the type of abuse (sexual or physical) were varied. Mock jurors provided a dichotomous and continuous verdict and rated their perceptions of the victim and the defendant...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294788/the-impact-of-child-sexual-abuse-discovery-on-caregivers-and-families-a-qualitative-study
#13
Hiu-Fai Fong, Colleen E Bennett, Valerie Mondestin, Philip V Scribano, Cynthia Mollen, Joanne N Wood
In this qualitative study with nonoffending caregivers of suspected child sexual abuse victims, we aimed to explore the perceived impact of sexual abuse discovery on caregivers and their families, and caregivers' attitudes about mental health services for themselves. We conducted semistructured, in-person interviews with 22 nonoffending caregivers of suspected sexual abuse victims <13 years old seen at a child advocacy center in Philadelphia. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed using modified grounded theory...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294785/-but-he-s-a-star-football-player-how-social-status-influences-mock-jurors-perceptions-in-a-sexual-assault-case
#14
Emily Pica, Chelsea Sheahan, Joanna Pozzulo
There have been several recent, high-profile cases in the media that have shed light on the perceived leniency in sentencing defendants in sexual assault cases. In a number of these cases, the defendant was well known within their community (e.g., Brock Turner; People v. Turner) or nationally (e.g., Ghomeshi; R v. Ghomeshi). The purpose of this study was to examine how the social status of the defendant (low vs. high), victim social status (low vs. high), victim gender (male vs. female), and the reason the victim was unconscious during the assault (consuming alcohol vs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294759/great-sexpectations-the-impact-of-participant-gender-defendant-desirability-and-date-cost-on-attributions-of-a-date-rape-victim-and-defendant
#15
Kellie R Lynch, Jenna A Jewell, Nesa E Wasarhaley, Jonathan M Golding, Claire M Renzetti
We investigated the effect of the desirability of the defendant and the cost of a date on how participants assigned blame in a date rape context. Community participants ( N = 211) read one of four date rape trial summaries that differed based on the two manipulated independent variables: the desirability of the defendant (i.e., high vs. low desirability) and the cost of the date (i.e., expensive [US$175] vs. inexpensive [US$30]). Participants then rated the victim and defendant on various attributes related to the trial (credibility, blame, and guilt) and post-date sexual behavior (expectations, want, and deservingness of sex)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294684/the-mediating-roles-of-hostility-and-dissociation-in-the-relationship-between-sexual-assault-and-suicidal-thinking-in-college-students
#16
Kristy M Keefe, Melanie D Hetzel-Riggin, Naoyuki Sunami
Sexual assault and suicide are two serious public health concerns. Research has documented the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal thinking and attempts; however, limited research explores the more multifaceted relationships between posttraumatic stress reactions and suicidal ideation in college students through unsuccessful modulation of emotion. The authors hypothesized a mediation model where the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal ideation is mediated by dissociation and hostility...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289798/moral-stories-emphasizing-actors-negative-emotions-toward-their-nonhelping-behavior-promote-preschoolers-helping-behavior
#17
Xu Du, Jian Hao
Specific emotions, especially guilt, are considered to facilitate children's prosocial behavior. The current study differentiated moral stories with a helping theme in terms of the valence and source of emotions and aimed to clarify the effect of these stories on preschoolers' helping intentions and behavior. A total of 322 preschoolers between 4 and 6 years old were randomly assigned to four experimental groups and one control group. A specific type of moral story was presented to each of the experimental groups, whereas a nonmoral story was presented to the control group...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288985/guilt-proneness-is-associated-with-the-use-of-protective-behavioral-strategies-during-episodes-of-alcohol-use
#18
Matt S Treeby, Simon M Rice, Fiona Cocker, Amy Peacock, Raimondo Bruno
INTRODUCTION: Shame and guilt are closely related emotions with diverging implications for the development, and potential treatment, of substance use disorders. Accumulating research indicates that a guilt-prone affect style buffers individuals against the development of problematic alcohol use, while shame-proneness appears to offer no protective function. However, little is known about the manner in which guilt-prone individuals avoid the experience of alcohol use-related harms. The present study aimed to extend the shame, guilt, and substance use literature by examining whether these two self-conscious affect styles are differentially related to the use of protective behavioral strategies which reduce the risk of harms during drinking episodes...
December 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288546/the-impact-of-dental-caries-and-its-treatment-by-conventional-or-biological-approaches-on-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-and-carers
#19
Alaa BaniHani, Chris Deery, Jack Toumba, Theresa Munyombwe, Monty Duggal
BACKGROUND: The effect of untreated dental caries and the approaches taken to its treatment have not been extensively elucidated in children. AIM: To investigate the impact of untreated dental caries on children aged 4-9 years and whether its treatment with either a conventional or a biological approach influenced the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the children and their carers. DESIGN: Children (n = 110) and their carers attending two specialist centres for treatment of carious primary teeth completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and the Self-reported Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old Children at baseline prior to dental treatment and at 3-6 months following completion of dental care...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283986/stigma-and-suicide
#20
Sabina Kučukalić, Abdulah Kučukalić
Suicide is one of the major mental health problems in the world. It is estimated that one million suicide are committed per year and that after every suicide six people from the surrounding suffer or develop major life changes. After suicide survivors are at higher risk of developing major psychological changes and suicidal ideations as well. They go through the complicated process of grief which is specifically characterized by the felling of guilt, shame, denial and anger. The griefing process, more often than in other causes of death, doesn't integrate but is complicated with prolonged grief...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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