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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940807/rural-veterinarian-s-perception-and-practices-in-terms-of-biosecurity-across-three-european-countries
#1
V Renault, M F Humblet, V Moons, G Bosquet, B Gauthier, L M Cebrián, J Casal, C Saegerman
The implementation of biosecurity measures in the animal health and production context is quite broad and aims at limiting the risk of introduction and spread of diseases. Veterinarians play a major role in biosecurity as key informants on the subject for cattle holders, key players in terms of disease prevention/control and eradication programs, as well as key risk factor in terms of disease dissemination. Many biosecurity studies have highlighted professional visitors such as veterinary practitioners as representing a high-risk factor in terms of disease introduction in animal facilities but, to date, very few studies have focused on the implementation level of biosecurity measures by veterinarians...
September 21, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940654/video-assisted-microwave-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-a-metastatic-lung-lesion-in-a-dog-with-appendicular-osteosarcoma-and-hypertrophic-osteopathy
#2
Kaitlyn Mazzaccari, Sarah E Boston, Beau B Toskich, Kristina Bowles, J Brad Case
OBJECTIVE: To describe video-assisted microwave ablation (VAMA) for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion secondary to right forelimb osteosarcoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a metastatic lung lesion secondary to appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: An osteosarcoma of the right distal scapula and proximal humerus that was suspected to be a radiation-induced osteosarcoma was treated with limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy...
September 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938517/green-tea-camellia-sinensis-and-l-theanine-medicinal-values-and-beneficial-applications-in-humans-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arif, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Robina Manzoor, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Maryam Dadar, Chao Sun
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a famous herb, and its extract has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicinal system. In this context, several studies have revealed its health benefits and medicinal potentialities for several ailments. With ever increasing scientific knowledge, search for safer, potential and novel type of health-related supplements quest, scientists are re-directing their research interests to explore natural resources i.e. medicinal herbs/plant derived compounds. Green tea consumption has gained a special attention and popularity in the modern era of changing lifestyle...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935553/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-test-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-bovine-cross-breed-mastitic-milk-in-and-around-asella-town-oromia-regional-state-southern-ethiopia
#4
Befikadu Seyoum, Hailemariam Kefyalew, Birhanu Abera, Nejash Abdela
A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Asella town, Oromia regional state, southern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, in Bovine cross breed mastitis milk. A total of 384 lactating dairy cows were screened for mastitis based on clinical examinations and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of 230 lactating crossbred cows with either clinical or subclinical mastitis examined for the involvement of Staphylococcus aureus...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934458/risk-of-human-infections-with-highly-pathogenic-h5n2-and-low-pathogenic-h7n1-avian-influenza-strains-during-outbreaks-in-ostriches-in-south-africa
#5
Marietjie Venter, Florette K Treurnicht, Amelia Buys, Stefano Tempia, Rudo Samudzi, Johanna McAnerney, Charlene A Jacobs, Juno Thomas, Lucille Blumberg
Background: Risk factors for human infection with highly pathogenic (HP) and low-pathogenic (LP) avian influenza (AI) H5N2 and H7N1 were investigated during outbreaks in ostriches in the Western Cape province, South Africa. Methods: Serum surveys were conducted for veterinarians, farmworkers, and laboratory and abattoir workers involved in 2 AI outbreaks in the Western Cape province: (1) controlling and culling of 42000 ostriches during (HPAI)H5N2 outbreaks in ostriches (2011) (n = 207); (2) movement control during (LPAI)H7N1 outbreaks in 2012 (n = 66)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933730/veterinary-pharmaceutics-an-opportunity-for-interprofessional-education-in-new-zealand
#6
Arlene McDowell, Rebekah Beard, Anna Brightmore, Lisa W Lu, Amelia McKay, Maadhuri Mistry, Kate Owen, Emma Swan, Jessica Young
Globally pharmacists are becoming increasingly involved in veterinary medicine; however, little is known about the level of interest for pharmacists playing a larger role in animal treatment in New Zealand. A key stakeholder in any progression of pharmacists becoming more involved in the practice of veterinary pharmacy is the veterinary profession. The aim of this study was to investigate views of veterinarians and veterinary students on the role of pharmacists supporting veterinarians with advice on animal medicines...
July 26, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933680/prevalence-of-antibodies-against-hepatitis-e-virus-in-veterinarians-in-estonia
#7
Brian Lassen, Marilin Janson, Kädi Neare, Tatjana Tallo, Irina Reshetnjak, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Arvo Viltrop, Irina Golovljova, Pikka Jokelainen
In this cross-sectional study, we investigated veterinarians in Estonia for evidence of exposure to hepatitis E virus (HEV). In 2012, we collected sera from 158 persons attending a veterinary conference, of whom 156 completed a questionnaire covering their background information. Altogether 115 persons reported they had obtained a veterinary degree and were included in this study. The sera were tested for presence of antibodies against HEV using a commercial enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and a commercial immunoblot assay in series...
September 21, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932389/challenges-facing-the-veterinary-profession-in-ireland-2-on-farm-use-of-veterinary-antimicrobials
#8
Manuel Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Simon J More, David B Morton, Alison J Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has emerged in recent years as a significant public health threat, which requires both an ethical and a scientific approach. In a recent Policy Delphi study, on-farm use of antimicrobials was a key concern identified by veterinary professionals in Ireland. In this case study (the second in a series of three resulting from a research workshop exploring the challenges facing the veterinary profession in Ireland; the other two case studies investigate clinical veterinary services and emergency/casualty slaughter certification) we aim to provide a value-based reflection on the constraints and possible opportunities for responsible use of veterinary antimicrobials in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930236/antibacterial-and-antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-against-pathogens-responsible-for-otitis-externa-in-dogs-and-cats
#9
Valentina V Ebani, Simona Nardoni, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Basma Najar, Luisa Pistelli, Francesca Mancianti
Background: Essential oils (EOs) are recommended by some veterinarians to treat otitis externa in pets, but data about their efficacy in scientific literature are very scant. Methods: Nine commercial EOs, from roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.), star anise (Illicium verum), lavender (Lavandula hybrida), litsea (Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L. subsp. hirticum), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.), and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929101/current-trends-in-volume-replacement-therapy-and-the-use-of-synthetic-colloids-in-small-animals-an-internet-based-survey-2016
#10
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927433/modelling-the-current-distribution-and-predicted-spread-of-the-flea-species-ctenocephalides-felis-infesting-outdoor-dogs-in-spain
#11
Rosa Gálvez, Vicenzo Musella, Miguel A Descalzo, Ana Montoya, Rocío Checa, Valentina Marino, Oihane Martín, Giuseppe Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi, Guadalupe Miró
BACKGROUND: The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the most prevalent flea species detected on dogs and cats in Europe and other world regions. The status of flea infestation today is an evident public health concern because of their cosmopolitan distribution and the flea-borne diseases transmission. This study determines the spatial distribution of the cat flea C. felis infesting dogs in Spain. Using geospatial tools, models were constructed based on entomological data collected from dogs during the period 2013-2015...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926009/improving-the-delivery-of-veterinary-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-empirical-application-of-transaction-costs-theory-in-uganda-and-kenya
#12
J Ilukor
This paper presents a summary of findings from a research project that examined institutional arrangements for providing animal health services in Uganda and Kenya. Given the need to find solutions to the pervasive governance challenges encountered in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa, the study applied transaction economics theory to generate recommendations on how to improve the delivery of these services and minimise livestock production risks, including those that pose a risk to human health, e...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922060/risk-factors-for-nasal-colonization-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-in-healthy-humans-in-professional-daily-contact-with-companion-animals-in-portugal
#13
Ana Catarina Rodrigues, Adriana Belas, Cátia Marques, Luís Cruz, Luís T Gama, Constança Pomba
Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS), namely Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP), are opportunistic agents of great importance in human and veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency, persistence, and risk factors associated with nasal colonization by MRS in people in daily contact with animals in Portugal. Seventy-nine out of 129 (61.2%) participants were found to be colonized by, at least, one methicillin-resistant (MR) staphylococci species (MR Staphylococcus epidermidis [n = 68], MRSA [n = 19], MR Staphylococcus haemolyticus [n = 7], MRSP [n = 2], and other coagulase-negative staphylococci [n = 4])...
September 18, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920541/recovery-of-brodifacoum-in-vomitus-following-induction-of-emesis-in-dogs-that-had-ingested-rodenticide-bait
#14
K H Parton, E K Willson, M G Collett, L H Booth
AIM: To assess the benefit of inducing emesis in dogs that have ingested rodenticide bait containing brodifacoum (BDF), by determining the amount of BDF in bait recovered from the vomitus relative to the estimated amount consumed. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015 samples of vomitus from seven dogs that ingested rodenticide baits containing BDF were submitted by veterinarians in New Zealand. All seven dogs had been given apomorphine by the veterinarian and vomited within 1 hour of ingesting the bait...
September 17, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920533/refinement-of-the-montreal-instrument-for-cat-arthritis-testing-for-use-by-veterinarians-detection-of-naturally-occurring-osteoarthritis-in-laboratory-cats
#15
Mary P Klinck, Beatriz P Monteiro, Bertrand Lussier, Martin Guillot, Maxim Moreau, Colombe Otis, Paulo Vm Steagall, Diane Frank, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Jérôme Re Del Castillo, Eric Troncy
Objectives Feline osteoarthritis causes pain and disability. Detection and measurement is challenging, relying heavily on owner report. This study describes refinement of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians. Methods A video analysis of osteoarthritic (n = 6) and non-osteoarthritic (n = 4) cats facilitated expansion of scale items. Three successive therapeutic trials (using gabapentin, tramadol and oral transmucosal meloxicam spray) in laboratory cats with and without natural osteoarthritis (n = 12-20), permitted construct validation (assessments of disease status sensitivity and therapeutic responsiveness) and further scale refinements based on performance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919678/cortisol-concentration-pain-and-sedation-scale-in-free-roaming-dogs-treated-with-carprofen-after-ovariohysterectomy
#16
Katarina Nenadović, Marijana Vučinić, Brana Radenković-Damnjanović, Ljiljana Janković, Radislava Teodorović, Eva Voslarova, Zsolt Becskei
BACKGROUND AND AIM: One of the topic issues in animal welfare activities is the free roaming dog welfare especially in developing countries such as Serbia. The way of controlling population of free roaming dogs is their reproduction with the method of "Catch-Neuter-Release." This complex process consists of capturing free roaming dogs in public areas, sterilizing, and returning them to the public area from which they were temporarily removed. Ovariohysterectomy present the period with a high intensity of stress reaction since many veterinarians in Serbia do not use analgesia for this group of dogs...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917320/vector-borne-parasitic-infections-in-dogs-in-the-baltic-and-nordic-countries-a-questionnaire-study-to-veterinarians-on-canine-babesiosis-and-infections-with-dirofilaria-immitis-and-dirofilaria-repens
#17
Valentina Tiškina, Pikka Jokelainen
Canine vector-borne diseases have been spreading northwards in Europe, and canine babesiosis and infections with Dirofilaria immitis (heartworm) and Dirofilaria repens have been diagnosed also in the Baltic and the Nordic countries. We used an online questionnaire to survey how large a proportion of veterinarians in the Baltic (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) and the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) saw canine babesiosis cases and dogs infected with D. immitis and D. repens in 2016...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906565/correction-of-antebrachial-angulation-rotation-deformities-in-dogs-with-oblique-plane-inclined-osteotomies
#18
Samuel P Franklin, Ryan K Dover, Natalia Andrade, Desiree Rosselli, Kevin M Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To describe oblique plane inclined osteotomies and report preliminary data on outcomes in dogs treated for antebrachial angulation-rotation deformities. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Six antebrachii from 5 dogs. METHODS: Records of dogs with antebrachial angulation-rotation deformities treated with oblique plane inclined osteotomies were reviewed. Postoperative frontal, sagittal, and transverse plane alignments were assessed subjectively, and alignment in the frontal and sagittal planes was quantified on radiographs...
September 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905724/position-statement-functionally-appropriate-nonhuman-primate-environments-as-an-alternative-to-the-term-ethologically-appropriate-environments
#19
Mollie A Bloomsmith, John Hasenau, Rudolf P Bohm
The American Society of Primatologists (ASP), the Association of Primate Veterinarians (APV), and the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM) have come together to develop this position statement in which the term "functionally appropriate nonhuman primate environments" is proposed as a better descriptor and as an alternative to the previously used term, "ethologically appropriate environments" to describe environments that are suitable for nonhuman primates involved in biomedical research. In 2015, the United States Department of Agriculture requested comments on a petition which called for amending the Animal Welfare Act so that all research primates would be housed in "ethologically appropriate physical and social environments...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905709/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-laboratory-animal-facilities
#20
Heather L Narver
Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial drugs has become a global health crisis. Physicians and veterinarians are embracing the concept of 'antimicrobial stewardship' (AMS) to preserve the efficacy of antibiotics for future generations. Antimicrobials are used in laboratory animals to treat clinical disease, to protect populations that may be vulnerable to infection, and in research projects including studies of the microbiome and to influence expression in genetically engineered animals. This overview provides a critical look at the use of antimicrobials in contemporary vivaria, with special attention to rodents because they are the most commonly used species in research and because antimicrobial use in rodents is not straightforward...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
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