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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#1
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915438/variations-in-clinical-presentation-and-anatomical-distribution-of-gross-lesions-of-african-swine-fever-in-domestic-pigs-in-the-southern-highlands-of-tanzania-a-field-experience
#2
Maulilio John Kipanyula, Solomon Wilson Nong'ona
African swine fever is a contagious viral disease responsible for up to 100% mortality among domestic pigs. A longitudinal study was carried out to determine the clinical presentation and anatomical distribution of gross lesions in affected pigs in Mbeya region, Tanzania during the 2010 to 2014 outbreaks. Data were collected during clinical and postmortem examination by field veterinarians and using a structured questionnaire. A total of 118 respondents (100%) showed awareness about African swine fever. During previous outbreaks, the mortality rate was almost 100%, while in 2014 it was estimated to be less than 50%...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911040/retrospective-study-evaluating-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-blood-donors-and-in-swine-veterinarians-in-italy-2004
#3
L De Sabato, I Di Bartolo, E Montomoli, C Trombetta, F M Ruggeri, F Ostanello
Hepatitis E is an emerging viral disease in developed countries, with sporadic cases occasionally linked to the consumption of raw or undercooked pork, wild boar or deer meat. Cases due to transfusion or transplantation have also been reported. In developed countries, hepatitis E is considered a zoonosis and pig is the main reservoir. In the last few years, several studies conducted in Europe reported variable seroprevalence rates among the general population, ranging between 0.26% and 52.5%. A higher seroprevalence was described among workers who come in contact with pigs...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901392/assessment-of-frailty-in-aged-dogs
#4
Julie Hua, Sara Hoummady, Claude Muller, Jean-Louis Pouchelon, Marc Blondot, Caroline Gilbert, Loic Desquilbet
OBJECTIVE To define a frailty-related phenotype-a clinical syndrome associated with the aging process in humans-in aged dogs and to investigate its association with time to death. ANIMALS 116 aged guide dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs underwent a clinical geriatric assessment (CGA) and were followed to either time of death or the study cutoff date. A 5-component clinical definition of a frailty phenotype was derived from clinical items included in a geriatric health evaluation scoresheet completed by veterinarians during the CGA...
December 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898325/determination-of-acid-dissociation-constants-pka-of-cephalosporin-antibiotics-computational-and-experimental-approaches
#5
Alyson R Ribeiro, Torsten C Schmidt
Cefapirin (CEPA) and ceftiofur (CEF) are two examples of widely used veterinarian cephalosporins presenting multiple ionization centers. However, the acid dissociation constants (pKa) of CEF are missing and experimental data about CEPA are rare. The same is true for many cephalosporins, where available data are either incomplete or even wrong. Environmentally relevant biotic and abiotic processes depend primordially on the antibiotic pH-dependent speciation. Consequently, this physicochemical parameter should be reliable, including the correct ionization center identification...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891118/colistin-in-pig-production-chemistry-mechanism-of-antibacterial-action-microbial-resistance-emergence-and-one-health-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Mohamed Rhouma, Francis Beaudry, William Thériault, Ann Letellier
Colistin (Polymyxin E) is one of the few cationic antimicrobial peptides commercialized in both human and veterinary medicine. For several years now, colistin has been considered the last line of defense against infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Colistin has been extensively used orally since the 1960s in food animals and particularly in swine for the control of Enterobacteriaceae infections. However, with the recent discovery of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance encoded by the mcr-1 gene and the higher prevalence of samples harboring this gene in animal isolates compared to other origins, livestock has been singled out as the principal reservoir for colistin resistance amplification and spread...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890293/avian-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#7
REVIEW
Cecilia S Robat, Melanie Ammersbach, Christoph Mans
Companion birds are increasingly living longer due to improved husbandry, nutrition, and veterinary care. As a consequence, a growing number of geriatric disease conditions are diagnosed and managed by veterinarians. Awareness of bird owners of diagnostic and treatment options for neoplastic diseases in humans and domestic animals has led to increasing demand to provide advanced diagnostic and treatment modalities for companion birds diagnosed with neoplasia. Treatment remains challenging in many companion birds due to the lack of information regarding prognosis and efficacy of antineoplastic treatments in these species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888583/systematic-epidemiological-investigations-of-cases-of-senecavirus-a-in-us-swine-breeding-herds
#8
K L Baker, C Mowrer, A Canon, D C L Linhares, C Rademacher, L A Karriker, D J Holtkamp
Epidemiological investigations were conducted on a case series of six Senecavirus A (SVA)-affected breeding herds in the United States to determine potential routes of introduction and enhance the swine industry's knowledge of SVA's clinical presentation and spread. Each SVA-affected herd was evaluated using a standard form to ensure that all relevant data were collected. The form was used to guide a detailed discussion about the clinical presentation of SVA and risk events that occurred in the 4 weeks prior to the first observation of clinical signs with the herd veterinarian and farm personnel...
November 25, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884573/analysing-how-negative-emotions-emerge-and-are-addressed-in-veterinary-consultations-using-the-verona-coding-definitions-of-emotional-sequences-vr-codes
#9
Malou Vijfhuizen, Harold Bok, Susan M Matthew, Lidia Del Piccolo, Michelle McArthur
OBJECTIVE: To explore the applicability, need for modifications and reliability of the VR-CoDES in a veterinary setting while also gaining a deeper understanding of clients' expressions of negative emotion and how they are addressed by veterinarians. METHODS: The Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences for client cues and concerns (VR-CoDES-CC) and health provider responses (VR-CoDES-P) were used to analyse 20 audiotaped veterinary consultations. Inter-rater reliability was established...
November 3, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882744/transpalpebral-exenteration-in-cattle-a-retrospective-study-of-115-cases
#10
Munashe Chigerwe, John A Angelos, Lisa Gamsjäeger, Meera C Heller
OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications for exenteration and complications associated with the procedure. ANIMALS STUDIED: 115 cattle. PROCEDURES: Medical records of cattle presented for unilateral exenteration evaluated at the University of California, Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital from January 1985 through December 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Median (range) age at presentation for all cattle was 6 (0.2-30) years...
November 24, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876975/detection-of-cryptosporidium-spp-in-free-ranging-animals-of-tehran-iran
#11
Mehran Mirzaghavami, Javid Sadraei, Mehdi Forouzandeh
Cryptosporidium is a world widely distributed parasite which comparatively has a high prevalence in developing countries. The zoonotic potential of some Cryptosporidium species has made the cryptosporidiosis a significant concern to physicians and veterinarians. The occurrence and zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium species in probable reservoir hosts for man infections was determined by examining faeces of symptomatic and asymptomatic animals. The aim of this study is to screen the presence of Cryptosporidium in fecal sample of free ranging animals in Tehran using Ziehl-Neelsen staining method...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876111/the-remarkable-dr-robertson
#12
Tansy C Hammarton
Muriel Robertson (1883-1973) was a pioneering protozoologist who made a staggering number of important contributions to the fields of parasitology, bacteriology and immunology during her career, which spanned nearly 60 years. These contributions were all the more remarkable given the scientific and social times in which she worked. While Muriel is perhaps best known for her work on the life cycle and transmission of the African trypanosome, Trypanosoma brucei, which she carried out in Uganda at the height of a major Sleeping Sickness epidemic, her work on the Clostridia during the First and Second World Wars made significant contributions to the understanding of anaerobes and to the development of anti-toxoid vaccines, and her work on the immunology of Trichomonas foetus infections in cattle, carried out in collaboration with the veterinarian W...
November 23, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870069/suspected-myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative-neoplasm-in-a-feline-leukemia-virus-negative-cat
#13
Amy L Weeden, Kyle R Taylor, Scott P Terrell, Alexander E Gallagher, Heather L Wamsley
A 10-year-old castrated Domestic Short-Haired cat was presented to a primary care veterinarian for a wellness examination and laboratory examination for monitoring of diabetes mellitus. The CBC revealed marked thrombocytosis, leukopenia and macrocytic, normochromic anemia. The cat tested negative for FeLV and feline immunodeficiency virus, but was positive for Mycoplasma haemominutum by PCR. Hematologic abnormalities were not responsive to therapy, so a repeat CBC and a bone marrow aspiration for cytology were performed...
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867678/reduced-dental-plaque-formation-in-dogs-drinking-a-solution-containing-natural-antimicrobial-herbal-enzymes-and-organic-matcha-green-tea
#14
Michael I Lindinger
The results of an exploratory, multicenter clinical study confirmed the hypothesis that a novel, natural, and safe oral care product (OCP) reduced the rate of plaque formation on teeth of dogs consuming the OCP (antimicrobial plant-derived enzymes, organic matcha green tea, cultured dextrose, sodium bicarbonate, and ascorbic acid) compared to controls. Healthy dogs without periodontitis, of varying breeds, sex, and age, were recruited and enrolled, using nonrandomized stratification methods, into a control and treatment groups...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866392/drug-caused-deaths-in-australian-medical-practitioners-and-health-care-professionals
#15
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Rhyse Dorward, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in this high-risk cohort, in order to: (1) estimate the rate of drug-caused deaths of Australian HCPs; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) examine the relationship between HCP occupation and drug type, or intent...
November 20, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865491/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-or-ampc-producing-escherichia-coli-in-organic-dairy-herds-in-the-netherlands
#16
I M G A Santman-Berends, M A Gonggrijp, J J Hage, A E Heuvelink, A Velthuis, T J G M Lam, G van Schaik
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL/AmpC) are an emerging problem and are hypothesized to be associated with antimicrobial use (AMU), and more specifically with the use of third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins. Whether ESBL/AmpC also occur in organic dairy herds, which have restricted AMU, is not known. Additionally, it is unknown whether, in addition to restricted AMU, other factors in organic herd management are associated with ESBL/AmpC herd status. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ESBL/AmpC in organic dairy herds in the Netherlands...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864972/a-morphological-and-morphometric-study-of-bite-marks-caused-by-mice-mus-musculus-on-different-baits-for-forensic-purposes
#17
Víctor A Toledo, Gabriel M Fonseca, Paula A González, Luis Ibarra, Francisco J Torres, Pedro L Sáez
In animal bites, the dental attributes can be fundamental in identifying the marks made by various species on different matrices. Although rodent bite marks have been studied in the context of postmortem interference, little research has used different baits to analyze these marks linking not only specific behavior patterns but also the possibility of structural damage. Twenty mice (Mus musculus) were exposed to different baits to study their bite marks in a controlled model. The known pattern of parallel and multiple grooves has been seen in all baits, but polyvinyl chloride and fiber-optic cable were significantly different between each other and the other baits...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863558/development-of-an-autologous-canine-cancer-vaccine-system-for-resectable-malignant-tumors-in-dogs
#18
J R Yannelli, R Wouda, T J Masterson, M G Avdiushko, D A Cohen
While conventional therapies exist for canine cancer, immunotherapies need to be further explored and applied to the canine setting. We have developed an autologous cancer vaccine (K9-ACV), which is available for all dogs with resectable disease. K9-ACV was evaluated for safety and immunogenicity for a variety of cancer types in a cohort of companion dogs under veterinary care. The autologous vaccine was prepared by enzymatic digestion of solid tumor biopsies. The resultant single cell suspensions were then UV-irradiated resulting in immunogenic cell death of the tumor cells...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861909/factors-affecting-the-diagnostic-utility-of-canine-and-feline-cytological-samples
#19
R Sapierzyński, M Czopowicz, M Ostrzeszewicz
OBJECTIVES: Cytology is a quick, inexpensive, minimally invasive and widely available diagnostic method, but rigorous cooperation between clinical cytopathologist and physician is necessary to obtain clinically useful results. The aim of this study was to identify factors that affect clinical usefulness of a cytological result when the cellular material was collected by a general veterinary practitioner and examined by a clinical cytopathologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of 100 fine-needle aspirates performed by private veterinarians and examined by the clinical cytopathologist...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857835/antibiotics-practice-and-opinions-of-cambodian-commercial-farmers-animal-feed-retailers-and-veterinarians
#20
Chhorvoin Om, Mary-Louise McLaws
BACKGROUND: Cambodia has reported multidrug resistant bacteria in poultry, similar to other countries in the region. We visited commercial food animal farms to explore opinions and antibiotic practices on the farms. METHODS: We used individual in-depth qualitative interviews with 16 commercial farmers, four feed retailers and nine veterinarians from food animal industry and government offices from the southwestern region of Phnom Penh. Transcribed interviews were thematically analysed...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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