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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813761/epidemiologic-study-of-bacteria-zoonotic-diseases-in-south-dakota-2010-2014
#1
Jessica L Ludvik, Susan M Anderson, Mark K Huntington
BACKGROUND: Although the burden of infectious diseases has decreased dramatically due to advances in health care, disease prevention and numerous public health efforts and innovations, zoonotic diseases continue to pose a problem in terms of both existing and emerging diseases. These risks are of particular concern in rural areas, in which there is more contact with animals for occupational and recreational purposes. As a rural and agricultural state, South Dakota has a large percentage of its population at risk of exposure to zoonotic diseases through their substantial contact time with animals...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813173/development-of-a-dermatology-diagnostic-techniques-teaching-session-a-nine-step-approach
#2
Robin M Farrell, Linda G Shell
Creating effective learning experiences for veterinary clinical skills and procedures can be a challenging task. Drawing from both medical and veterinary education literature and personal experiences as practicing veterinarians and educators, the authors share nine key steps that describe the development process of a pre-clinical veterinary clinical skills teaching session. Relevant research and pedagogical principles supporting the effectiveness of the proposed nine-step process were identified and discussed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806971/factors-contributing-to-the-variability-of-a-predictive-score-for-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficiency-in-labrador-retrievers
#3
Devin P Cunningham, Ayman A Mostafa, Wanda J Gordan-Evans, Randy J Boudrieau, Dominique J Griffon
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that a conformation score derived from the tibial plateau angle (TPA) and the femoral anteversion angle (FAA), best discriminates limbs predisposed to, or affected by cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD), from those that are at low risk for CCLD. The specificity and sensitivity of this score were high enough to support further investigations toward its use for large-scale screening of dogs by veterinarians. The next step, which is the objective of the current study, is to determine inter-observer variability of that CCLD score in a large population of Labrador Retrievers...
August 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805273/neurotoxicosis-in-horses-associated-with-consumption-of-trema-micrantha
#4
M P Lorenzett, P R Pereira, D M Bassuino, G Konradt, W Panziera, M V Bianchi, F F Argenta, M E Hammerschmitt, R A Caprioli, C S L de Barros, S P Pavarini, D Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Trema micrantha is a tree widely distributed throughout the Americas. The tree produces highly palatable leaves that have been associated with natural poisoning in goats, sheep and horses, in which hepatic necrosis and hepatic encephalopathy have been observed. OBJECTIVES: This study describes malacia and haemorrhage in the central nervous system due to T. micrantha consumption, with minimal to absent hepatic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803007/associations-between-biosecurity-practices-and-bovine-digital-dermatitis-in-danish-dairy-herds
#5
Victor H S Oliveira, Jan T Sørensen, Peter T Thomsen
The relationship between biosecurity and digital dermatitis (DD) was evaluated in 8,269 cows from a convenience sample of 39 freestall dairy herds. The hypothesis was that poor implementation of biosecurity was associated with higher within-herd prevalence of DD. All lactating cows were scored as negative or positive for DD at the hind legs during milking in the milking parlor. Information about biosecurity was obtained through questionnaires addressed to farmers, on-farm observations, and information from the Danish Cattle Database (www...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801982/influence-of-practitioner-expertise-during-early-pregnancy-diagnosis-on-pregnancy-loss-rate-a-controlled-blinded-trial
#6
R Patron, I López-Helguera, F Sebastián, J-L Pesantez-Pacheco, N Pérez-Villalobos, J Vicente González Martín, O Fargas, S Astiz
A controlled field trial was conducted to assess the potential influence of practitioner inexperience during early pregnancy diagnosis with ultrasound (PD-US) on the risk of pregnancy loss. A veterinarian with more than 10 years' experience in PD-US (Vet-A) and a veterinarian with fewer than 12 months' experience at the start of the study (Vet-B) visited the same dairy farm once a week for 33 and 26 weeks, respectively. The two veterinarians did not interact with each other at any time during the study, nor did they know that their data would later be used in this study...
August 11, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800150/heterozygosity-for-p2y12-receptor-gene-mutation-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-in-a-greater-swiss-mountain-dog
#7
Rebecca S Flores, Mary K Boudreaux, Barbara Vasquez, Poppy Bristow, Lillian R Aronson, Kari Santoro-Beer, Mary Beth Callan
A 3-year-old, female Greater Swiss Mountain dog developed a hemoperitoneum following an exploratory laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy. Platelet count, PT, APTT, and plasma von Willebrand factor antigen concentration were within RIs. A buccal mucosal bleeding time (BMBT) was prolonged. Given the probability of a hereditary thrombopathia, the dog was administered desmopressin, fresh platelet transfusions, and aminocaproic acid to control hemorrhage. Subsequently, DNA testing for the P2Y12 receptor gene mutation identified the dog as being a heterozygote (carrier)...
August 11, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795905/challenges-in-preparing-veterinarians-for-global-animal-health-understanding-the-public-sector
#8
Paul J Hollier, Kaylee A Quinn, Corrie C Brown
Understanding of global systems is essential for veterinarians seeking to work in realms outside of their national domain. In the global system, emphasis remains on the public sector, and the current curricular emphasis in developed countries is on private clinical practice for the domestic employment market. There is a resulting lack of competency at graduation for effective engagement internationally. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has created standards for public sector operations in animal health, which must be functional to allow for sustainable development...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792618/long-term-outcome-of-dogs-treated-with-ulnar-rollover-transposition-for-limb-sparing-of-distal-radial-osteosarcoma-27-limbs-in-26-dogs
#9
Bernard Séguin, Matthew D O'Donnell, Peter J Walsh, Laura E Selmic
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes in dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma treated with ulnar rollover transposition (URT) limb-sparing surgery including: viability of the ulnar graft, complications, subjective limb function, disease-free interval (DFI), and survival time (ST). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma and no involvement of the ulna. METHODS: Data of dogs treated with URT were collected at the time of surgery and retrospectively from medical records and by contacting owners and referring veterinarians...
August 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791298/evaluation-of-strategies-to-control-a-potential-outbreak-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-sweden
#10
Fernanda C Dórea, Maria Nöremark, Stefan Widgren, Jenny Frössling, Anette Boklund, Tariq Halasa, Karl Ståhl
To minimize the potential consequences of an introduction of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Europe, European Union (EU) member states are required to present a contingency plan. This study used a simulation model to study potential outbreak scenarios in Sweden and evaluate the best control strategies. The model was informed by the Swedish livestock structure using herd information from cattle, pig, and small ruminant holdings in the country. The contact structure was based on animal movement data and studies investigating the movements between farms of veterinarians, service trucks, and other farm visitors...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783866/hematologic-and-plasma-chemistry-ris-for-cultured-striped-catfish-pangasius-hypophthalmus-in-recirculating-aquaculture-systems
#11
Oscar A Galagarza, David D Kuhn, Stephen A Smith, Terry C Hrubec
BACKGROUND: Striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) is a valuable aquaculture fish species produced primarily in Southeast Asia. In the United States, it is bred as an ornamental species. Striped catfish has high productivity and great demand in numerous countries around the world, yet little is known about its normal physiology. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to establish hematologic and blood chemistry RIs for healthy juvenile Striped catfish. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 70 Striped catfish raised in recirculating aquaculture systems...
August 7, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782905/dog-ecology-and-its-implications-for-rabies-control-in-gwagwalada-federal-capital-territory-abuja-nigeria
#12
P P Mshelbwala, D K Akinwolemiwa, B V Maikai, R G Otolorin, N A Maurice, J S Weese
The objectives of this study were to determine the characteristics of a dog population, including their accessibility to vaccination and health care, in urban and semiurban areas of Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. Direct street counts and a house-to-house survey of city streets were performed. A total of 451 households were surveyed comprising 43.7% urban and 53.3% semiurban areas. A total of 848 owned dogs were identified, along with 3,115 corresponding humans. With a dog-to-human ratio of 1:3.7, the dog population in the study area was estimated as 103,758...
August 7, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781042/information-resources-for-the-exotic-animal-practitioner
#13
REVIEW
Laura L Pavlech
An essential component of evidence-based practice is finding the best available evidence to answer a clinical question. Finding evidence is difficult for veterinarians in general, and exotic animal clinicians in particular, owing to the lack of studies that provide a high level of clinically relevant evidence and limited access to resources. Knowing where and how to search for evidence can facilitate evidence-based practice.
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781037/evidence-based-advances-in-reptile-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Mark A Mitchell, Sean M Perry
Evidence-based medicine allows veterinarians to practice high-quality medicine, because the basis for all decision making is quantitative, objective, and reproducible. Case reports and case series are limited in their scope and application. Cross-sectional studies, likewise, cannot provide answers to specific variable testing with a temporal application. It is essential for the reptile specialty to expand into case-control studies, cohort studies, and experimental/intervention studies. Unfortunately, much of the reptile literature remains limited to descriptive studies...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781031/practical-application-of-evidence-based-practice
#15
REVIEW
Michelle A Giuffrida
High-quality clinical practice requires veterinarians to stay abreast of new research and integrate relevant findings into patient care. Clinicians can achieve this goal using evidence-based practice (EBP), the stepwise process of integrating best research evidence into existing clinical decision-making processes. This article provides explanations and recommendations for performing key steps of the EBP process, with a focus on issues the exotic animal practitioner might encounter. Key areas of discussion include the development of focused PICO questions, types of literature and search strategies, and basic clinical epidemiology principles, including chance error, bias, confounding, and generalizability...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774942/on-farm-euthanasia-practices-and-attitudes-of-commercial-meat-rabbit-producers
#16
Jessica Walsh, Aaron Percival, Brian Tapscott, Patricia V Turner
Appropriate and timely on-farm euthanasia is the responsibility of the producer, working together with their herd veterinarian. Unfortunately, validated methods for euthanasia of commercial meat rabbits are lacking and there are few educational materials available for producer training. Because euthanasia must be performed in a timely fashion to minimise suffering, it is critical to ensure that methods used are aesthetic, humane and effective. We surveyed Canadian meat rabbit producers for current on-farm euthanasia practices as well as attitudes towards the methods they employed and thoughts on novel euthanasia techniques...
August 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774941/transmission-of-mycobacterium-xenopi-to-a-pet-albino-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo-from-a-domestic-aquarium
#17
Natasha Davendralingam, Indran Davagnanam, Mark Frederick Stidworthy, Vicki Baldrey, Laureen Michele Peters, Nadene Stapleton
A three-year-old ferret presented with a three-month history of rapid clinical deterioration necessitating euthanasia shortly after initial veterinary assessment. Postmortem PCR testing confirmed Mycobacterium xenopi which is most commonly identified in amphibians, reptiles and aquatic life. Infection of a captive-bred domestic ferret is highly unusual. A collaborative effort involving medical doctors, clinical veterinarians and veterinary pathologists investigated the potential sources of human-animal, animal-animal and environmental-animal M xenopi transmission...
August 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770095/demography-and-disorders-of-german-shepherd-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk
#18
Dan G O'Neill, Noel R Coulson, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
BACKGROUND: The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) has been widely used for a variety of working roles. However, concerns for the health and welfare of the GSD have been widely aired and there is evidence that breed numbers are now in decline in the UK. Accurate demographic and disorder data could assist with breeding and clinical prioritisation. The VetCompass(TM) Programme collects clinical data on dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. This study included all VetCompass(TM) dogs under veterinary care during 2013...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768862/crystal-structure-of-the-n-terminal-half-of-the-traffic-controller-ul37-from-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1
#19
Andrea L Koenigsberg, Ekaterina E Heldwein
Inner tegument protein UL37 is conserved among all three subfamilies of herpesviruses. Studies of UL37 homologs from two alphaherpesviruses, Herpes Simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1) and pseudorabies virus (PRV), have suggested that UL37 plays an essential albeit poorly defined role in intracellular capsid trafficking. At the same time, HSV and PRV homologs cannot be swapped, which suggests that in addition to a conserved function, UL37 homologs may also have divergent virus-specific functions. Accurate dissection of UL37 functions requires detailed maps in the form of atomic-resolution structures...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763103/the-lack-of-analgesic-use-oligoanalgesia-in-small-animal-practice
#20
REVIEW
B T Simon, E M Scallan, G Carroll, P V Steagall
Oligoanalgesia is defined as failure to provide analgesia in patients with acute pain. Treatment of pain in emergencies, critical care and perioperatively may influence patient outcomes: the harmful practice of withholding analgesics occurs in teaching hospitals and private practices and results in severe physiological consequences. This article discusses the prevalence, primary causes, species and regional differences and ways to avoid oligoanalgesia in small animal practice. Oligoanalgesia may be addressed by improving education on pain management in the veterinary curriculum, providing continuing education to veterinarians and implementing pain scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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