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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348085/toxic-effect-of-common-poisonous-plants-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#1
Rehman Ullah Khan, Sultan Mehmood, Saad Ullah Khan
The present paper was a part of Ph.D research work, conducted during the year 2014, in which 87 poisonous plants belonging to 54 genera, were collected, documented and preserved in the herbarium of Bannu, Department of Botany UST, Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkwa Pakistan. The plants were identified botanically, arranged alphabetically along with their Latin name, family name, common name, poisonous parts, toxicity, affects, toxin and their effects. Aim of the study was to induce awareness in the local people of district Bannu about the poisonous effects of the commonly used plants...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343304/increasing-incidence-of-dirofilaria-immitis-in-dogs-in-usa-with-focus-on-the-southeast-region-2013-2016
#2
Jason Drake, Scott Wiseman
BACKGROUND: A recent American Heartworm Society (AHS) survey on the incidence of adult heartworm infections in dogs in the United States of America showed a 21.7% increase in the average cases per veterinary clinic from 2013 to 2016. The analysis reported here was performed to see if heartworm testing results available via the Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) aligned with the AHS survey and whether changes in heartworm preventive dispensing accounts for the increased incidence...
January 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341315/use-of-quantitative-real-time-pcr-to-determine-viability-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi-in-respiratory-secretions-from-horses-with-strangles
#3
N Pusterla, C M Leutenegger, S M Barnum, B A Byrne
BACKGROUND: In recent years, molecular approaches have been able to characterise the viability of equine upper respiratory tract pathogens using absolute molecular quantitation as well as detection of transcripts for virulence genes. OBJECTIVES: The objective this study was to investigate molecular surrogates for S. equi subspecies equi (S. equi) viability in biological samples from horses with strangles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337903/use-of-accelerometer-activity-monitors-to-detect-changes-in-pruritic-behaviors-interim-clinical-data-on-6-dogs
#4
Susan M Wernimont, Robin J Thompson, Scott L Mickelsen, Spencer C Smith, Isabella C Alvarenga, Kathy L Gross
Veterinarians and pet owners have limited ability to assess pruritic behaviors in dogs. This pilot study assessed the capacity of the Vetrax® triaxial accelerometer to measure these behaviors in six dogs with pruritus likely due to environmental allergens. Dogs wore the activity monitor for two weeks while consuming their usual pet food (baseline), then for eight weeks while consuming a veterinary-exclusive pet food for dogs with suspected non-food-related skin conditions (Hill's Prescription Diet® Derm DefenseTM Canine dry food)...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332935/novel-treatment-strategies-for-chronic-kidney-disease-insights-from-the-animal-kingdom
#5
REVIEW
Peter Stenvinkel, Johanna Painer, Makoto Kuro-O, Miguel Lanaspa, Walter Arnold, Thomas Ruf, Paul G Shiels, Richard J Johnson
Many of the >2 million animal species that inhabit Earth have developed survival mechanisms that aid in the prevention of obesity, kidney disease, starvation, dehydration and vascular ageing; however, some animals remain susceptible to these complications. Domestic and captive wild felids, for example, show susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD), potentially linked to the high protein intake of these animals. By contrast, naked mole rats are a model of longevity and are protected from extreme environmental conditions through mechanisms that provide resistance to oxidative stress...
January 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#6
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327950/association-of-avian-veterinarians-news
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319445/development-of-a-taxonomy-of-practice-related-stressors-experienced-by-veterinarians-in-the-united-states
#8
Olivia H Vande Griek, Malissa A Clark, Tracy K Witte, Randall J Nett, Amanda N Moeller, Margaret E Stabler
OBJECTIVE To develop a comprehensive taxonomy of practice-related stressors experienced by US veterinarians. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE A subset of 1,422 US veterinarians who provided written (vs selected) responses to a question in a previous survey regarding practice-related stressors. PROCEDURES Using grounded theory analysis, 3 researchers inductively analyzed written survey responses concerning respondents' main practice-related stressors. In 5 iterations, responses were individually coded and categorized, and a final list of practice-related stressor categories and subcategories was iteratively and collaboratively developed until theoretical and analytic saturation of the data was achieved...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315275/a-pilot-qualitative-investigation-of-stakeholders-experiences-and-opinions-of-equine-insect-bite-hypersensitivity-in-england
#9
Hannah R Lomas, Philip A Robinson
Equine insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH), commonly known as sweet itch or summer eczema, is a frustrating recurrent skin disease in the equine industry involving an immune reaction to the bites of Culicoides spp. midges. To investigate the impact of IBH in the field, an exploratory pilot study was conducted with equine stakeholders in one region of central England. Nine semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with horse owners and an equine veterinarian. The aim was to gain an understanding of experiences with IBH, and to gauge opinions on the value of the various management strategies horse owners use to control IBH...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310709/the-effect-of-patent-dictyocaulus-viviparus-re-infections-on-individual-milk-yield-and-milk-quality-in-pastured-dairy-cows-and-correlation-with-clinical-signs
#10
Katharina May, Kerstin Brügemann, Sven König, Christina Strube
BACKGROUND: Infections with the bovine lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus might lead to reduced milk production and detrimental impacts on milk quality resulting in considerable economic losses in dairy farming. METHODS: In the presented field study, 1988 faecal samples were collected from 1166 Black and White dairy cows allocated in 17 small and medium-sized German grassland farms. Faecal samples were collected in summer and autumn 2015 to assess D. viviparus larvae excretion...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306150/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-male-koala-phascolarctos-cinereus-reproductive-tract
#11
Rebecca Larkin, Chiara Palmieri, Motoharu Oishi, Lyndal Hulse, Stephen D Johnston
Studies documenting the application of ultrasonography to depict normal and pathological changes in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus), especially in the male, are scarce. Sixty-two wild koalas were used in this study to define ultrasonographic protocols and features for the assessment of the male koala reproductive tract. Testis, epididymis and spermatic cord were examined using a hockey stick transducer. The normal koala testis showed a homogeneous echogenicity and an obvious hyper-echoic band corresponding to the tunica albuginea...
December 27, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304804/development-and-test-of-a-visual-only-meat-inspection-system-for-heavy-pigs-in-northern-italy
#12
Sergio Ghidini, Emanuela Zanardi, Pierluigi Aldo Di Ciccio, Silvio Borrello, Giancarlo Belluzi, Sarah Guizzardi, Adriana Ianieri
BACKGROUND: There is a general consensus in recognizing that traditional meat inspection is no longer able to address the hazards related to meat consumption. Moreover, it has been shown that invasive procedures, such as palpation and incision, can increase microbial contamination in carcasses. For these reasons, legislations all over the world are changing meat inspection techniques, moving towards visual-only techniques. Hence, there was also the need to test visual-only inspection in pigs in Italy...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300348/when-veterinarians-support-canine-therapy-bidirectional-benefits-for-clinics-and-therapy-programs
#13
John-Tyler Binfet, Haley J Silas, Sean W Longfellow, Katrina Widmaier-Waurechen
This paper proposes a mutually beneficial model of collaboration between veterinarians and canine therapy programs. Veterinarians and the clinics for whom they work routinely establish collaborations with multiple and varied stakeholders. This might include a laboratory for processing samples and the corresponding courier company needed to deliver samples to the lab or a partnership with a local dog rescue organization for whom discounted rates are offered. One community partnership that stands to benefit both the clinic and the community agency, is for veterinarians to work in tandem with a local canine-assisted therapy program...
January 4, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298744/-the-swiss-border-veterinary-service-in-the-20th-century
#14
J Schluep
The first animal disease act of Switzerland was released in 1872. Its revision in 1886 brought the basis for establishing a border veterinary inspection service. This service was first reporting to the federal Ministry of Agriculture; after 1914, the newly created Federal Veterinary Office became responsible for it. The border checks were first limited to live biungulate animals and horses; later on they were extended to meat and meat products and finally to venison and fishery products. At the beginning, part-time veterinarians with own practice were engaged...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297832/detection-of-ranavirus-using-bone-marrow-harvested-from-mortality-events-in-eastern-box-turtles-terrapene-carolina-carolina
#15
Claire E Butkus, Matthew C Allender, Christopher A Phillips, Laura A Adamovicz
The causes of free-living chelonian mortality events are often unknown because of infrequent recovery of remains and rapid postmortem decomposition. This study describes a technique to harvest bone marrow and detect frog virus 3-like ranavirus (FV3) using quantitative polymerase chain reaction in skeletonized eastern box turtles ( Terrapene carolina carolina) ( N = 87), and assesses agreement with concurrent perimortem samples ( N = 14). FV3 was detected in bone marrow samples from 12 turtle shells (14%). Three of 14 turtles had detectable FV3 loads in both bone marrow and perimortem samples, two turtles had detectable FV3 in bone marrow only, and nine turtles tested FV3 negative in both bone marrow and concurrent perimortem samples...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297824/detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-in-rock-hyraxes-procavia-capensis-imported-from-south-africa
#16
Kim Fechner, Jenny Schäfer, Pia Münster, Kerstin Ternes, Susanne Döring, Inger Völkel, Franz-Josef Kaup, Claus-Peter Czerny
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes chronic, progressive, and consecutively fatal enteritis, especially in ruminants. MAP distribution among wildlife is not yet clear. In this study, three wild-born rock hyraxes ( Procavia capensis) had been imported from South Africa to a German zoological garden. During the quarantine period, four young animals were born. The wild-born animals showed symptoms of mild diarrhea shortly after their arrival in the zoological garden, but all routine parasitological and bacteriologic tests performed were negative...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297814/coagulation-assessment-underutilized-diagnostic-tools-in-zoo-and-aquatic-animal-medicine
#17
Trevor J Gerlach, Ashley Barratclough, Bobbi Conner
Veterinarians specializing in nondomestic species are faced with unique challenges regarding research and diagnostic capabilities given the wild and frequently dangerous nature of their patients. Standard diagnostic techniques used in small or large animal practice are not always possible due to anatomical constraints, size, tractability, or the inherent risk of anesthesia in highly valued, rare species. Diagnostic modalities that utilize simple, relatively noninvasive techniques show promise in evaluating nondomestic species and elucidating the pathophysiology behind poorly characterized disease processes in both wild and captive populations...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297794/the-eye-of-the-azara-s-agouti-dasyprocta-azarae-morphological-observations-and-selected-ophthalmic-diagnostic-tests
#18
André Tavares-Somma, Nathália Seabra, Bret A Moore, Mario Sato, Rogério R Lange, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The purpose of this study was to carry out a descriptive investigation of the Azara's agouti ( Dasyprocta azarae) eye and to establish reference values of select ophthalmic diagnostic tests and physiologic parameters. A total of 19 healthy agoutis were used. Select ophthalmic diagnostic tests were performed, including Schirmer tear test type I (STTI), analysis of the conjunctival bacterial microflora, corneal esthesiometry, and tonometry. B-mode ultrasonic biometry, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and gross and histologic analysis of two eyes were also performed...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295577/attitudes-of-veterinary-teaching-staff-and-exposure-of-veterinary-students-to-early-age-desexing-with-review-of-current-early-age-desexing-literature
#19
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290302/perceptions-circumstances-and-motivators-affecting-the-implementation-of-contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-control-programmes-in-nigerian-fulani-pastoral-herds
#20
Abubakar Suleiman, Elizabeth Jackson, Jonathan Rushton
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious disease of cattle which substantially contributes to poor productivity of the sub-Saharan pastoral livestock sector. In Nigeria and most of the West African countries, limited public funding for CBPP control have necessitated farmers to bear a bigger burden of managing the disease. Understanding the factors influencing decision of farmers to implement disease control programmes is therefore a key element in informing future policies aimed at improving CBPP management...
January 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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