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Ke Bin Yang, Fan Zhi Meng, Xian Feng Guo
Aiming at the problem of the acute shortage of CO2 in winter production of cut Anthurium andraeanum in solar greenhouse, the effect of CO2 fertilization on photosynthetic characteristics and growth performance of A. andraeanum 'Fire' was investigated. Three treatments with different concentrations of CO2 were designed, i.e., 700, 1000 and 1300 Μmol·mol-1 , with receiving no extra CO2 as the control. The results showed that for the CO2 -fertilized plants, the photosynthetic rate, intercellular CO2 concentration and water use efficiency were significantly greater than those in the control plants after CO2 fertilization for 60 days, and the largest increase range was observed in the 1000 Μmol·mol-1 CO2 treatment, whereas the stomata conductance was significantly reduced compared with the control...
June 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Xin Huang, Chun-Ling Xu, Wan-Zhu Chen, Chun Chen, Hui Xie
Radopholus similis is an important parasitic nematode of plants. Serine carboxypeptidases (SCPs) are peptidases that hydrolyse peptides and proteins and play critical roles in the development, invasion, and pathogenesis of certain parasitic nematodes and other animal pathogens. In this study, we obtained the full-length sequence of the SCP gene from R. similis (Rs-scp-1), which is 1665 bp long and includes a 1461-bp open reading frames encoding 486 amino acids with an 18-aa signal peptide. This gene is a double-copy gene in R...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jon Y Suzuki, Teresita D Amore, Bernarda Calla, Nathan A Palmer, Erin D Scully, Scott E Sattler, Gautam Sarath, Joanne S Lichty, Roxana Y Myers, Lisa M Keith, Tracie K Matsumoto, Scott M Geib
Anthurium amnicola Dressler possesses a number of desirable and novel ornamental traits such as a purple-colored upright spathe, profuse flowering, and floral scent, some of which have been introgressed into modern Anthurium cultivars. As a first step in identifying genes associated with these traits, the transcriptome from root, leaf, spathe, and spadix from an accession of A. amnicola was assembled, resulting in 28,019 putative transcripts representing 19,458 unigenes. Genes involved in pigmentation, including those for the metabolism of chlorophyll and the biosynthesis of carotenoids, phenylpropanoids, and flavonoids were identified...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Letícia P Poli, Lívia G Temponi, Alessandra I Coan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Anthurium is the largest genus of Araceae, with 950 species distributed in the neotropics. Despite the great diversity of the genus, the knowledge of its floral vasculature is based on observations in only two species, viz. A. denudatum and A. lhotzkyanum , with remarkable variation in vascular carpellary supply: carpels are either vascularized by ventral bundles alone or by reduced dorsal bundles in addition to the ventral ones. Our main objective is to test this peculiar variation through a detailed anatomical study of the floral vasculature in taxa belonging to some sections of Anthurium designated as monophyletic groups in recent phylogenies...
2017: PeerJ
José Hélio Costa, Clesivan Pereira Dos Santos, Beatriz de Sousa E Lima, Anthônio Nunes Moreira Netto, Kátia Daniella da Cruz Saraiva, Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
We identified AOX2 genes in monocot species from Lemnoideae (Spirodela polyrhiza, Lemna gibba and Landoltia punctata), Pothoideae (Anthurium andraeanum and Anthurium amnicola) and Monsteroideae (Epipremnum aureum) subfamilies within the Araceae, an early-diverging monocot family. These findings highlight the presence of AOX2 in the most ancient monocot ancestor and also that at least partial loss of this gene occurred during speciation events within several monocot orders. The presence of AOX2 in monocot species challenges (1) new understanding of the evolutionary history of the AOX gene family in angiosperms and (2) drives experimental and bioinformatics efforts to explore functional relevance of the two AOX gene family members for plant growth and development...
March 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
Yohanna Sarria-Guzmán, Yosef Chávez-Romero, Selene Gómez-Acata, Joaquín Adolfo Montes-Molina, Eleacin Morales-Salazar, Luc Dendooven, Yendi E Navarro-Noya
Plant-associated microbes have specific beneficial functions and are considered key drivers for plant health. The bacterial community structure of healthy Anthurium andraeanum L. plants was studied by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing associated with different plant parts and the rhizosphere. A limited number of bacterial taxa, i.e., Sinorhizobium, Fimbriimonadales, and Gammaproteobacteria HTCC2089 were enriched in the A. andraeanum rhizosphere. Endophytes were more diverse in the roots than in the shoots, whereas all shoot endophytes were found in the roots...
September 29, 2016: Microbes and Environments
Chonghui Li, Jian Qiu, Guangsui Yang, Surong Huang, Junmei Yin
A R2R3-MYB gene AaMYB2 was isolated from Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.) and was functionally characterized to be a positive transcriptional regulator for anthocyanin biosynthesis in the spathes and leaves. Spathe coloration is an important Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.) characteristic, which is mainly contributed by anthocyanins. R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) are important regulators of anthocyanin biosynthesis in plants. Here we describe the identification and characterization of AaMYB2, a member in subgroup 6 of the R2R3-MYB TFs family, which correlated with anthocyanin biosynthesis in A...
October 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Morteza Soleimani Aghdam, Roohangiz Naderi, Abbasali Jannatizadeh, Mesbah Babalar, Mohammad Ali Askari Sarcheshmeh, Mojtaba Zamani Faradonbe
Anthurium flowers are susceptible to chilling injury, and the optimum storage temperature is 12.5-20 °C. The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) shunt pathway may alleviate chilling stress in horticultural commodities by providing energy (ATP), reducing molecules (NADH), and minimizing accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this experiment, the impact of a preharvest spray treatment with 1 mM GABA and postharvest treatment of 5 mM GABA stem-end dipping on GABA shunt pathway activity of anthurium cut flowers (cv...
September 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Tao Li, Johannes Kromdijk, Ep Heuvelink, F R van Noort, Elias Kaiser, Leo F M Marcelis
The stimulating effect of diffuse light on radiation use efficiency (RUE) of crops is often explained by the more homogeneous spatial light distribution, while rarely considering differences in temporal light distribution at leaf level. This study investigated whether diffuse light effects on crop RUE can be explained by dynamic responses of leaf photosynthesis to temporal changes of photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD). Two Anthurium andreanum cultivars ('Pink Champion' and 'Royal Champion') were grown in two glasshouses covered by clear (control) and diffuse glass, with similar light transmission...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yuxia Yang, Xingxu Chen, Bin Xu, Yuxia Li, Yuehua Ma, Guangdong Wang
Leaf color is one of the well-sought traits in breeding program for Anthurium andraeanum Lind. Knowledge of mechanisms in anthuriums to produce leaves with different shades of green would help to effectively select desirable traits. In this study, the micro- and ultra-structural and physiological features of leaves on wild type and leaf color mutants (dark green, rubescent, etiolated, albino) in A. andraeanum 'Sonate' were analyzed. Results show that chloroplasts of leaf color mutants exhibited abnormal morphology and distribution...
2015: Frontiers in Plant Science
Zhiying Li, Jiabin Wang, Xuequan Zhang, Li Xu
Anthurium is one of the most important tropical ornamental plants in the world. The traded value of anthurium is second only to that of tropical orchids among the tropical flowers. The spathe is the main ornamental organ and its color variation mainly arises from anthocyanin contents. Understanding the molecular regulation of spathe color will accelerate new variety creation of anthurium. To announce gene expression differences between Anthurium andraeanum 'Albama' and its one unique anthocyanin-loss mutant, we collected spathes of the wild-type and the mutant from two stages in spathe development (the flower separates protrude from the sheath and the spathe is fully expanded) and extracted total RNAs for transcriptome profiling...
2015: PloS One
Shujuan Zhao, J Andrew Jones, Daniel M Lachance, Namita Bhan, Omar Khalidi, Sylesh Venkataraman, Zhengtao Wang, Mattheos A G Koffas
Reconstruction of highly efficient biosynthesis pathways is essential for the production of valuable plant secondary metabolites in recombinant microorganisms. In order to improve the titer of green tea catechins in Escherichia coli, combinatorial strategies were employed using the ePathBrick vectors to express the committed catechin pathway: flavanone 3β-hydroxylase (F3H), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), and leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR). Three F3H, three DFR, and two LAR genes originating from different plant species were selected and synthesized, to create 18 pathway variants to be screened in E...
March 2015: Metabolic Engineering
Benjamin R Clark, Barbara J Bliss, Jon Y Suzuki, Robert P Borris
Thirty-six anthurium varieties, sampled from species and commercial cultivars, were extracted and profiled by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Three hundred fifteen compounds, including anthocyanins, flavonoid glycosides, and other phenolics, were detected from these extracts and used in chemotaxonomic analysis of the specimens. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) revealed close chemical similarities between all the commercial standard cultivars, while tulip-shaped cultivars and species displayed much greater chemical variation...
November 19, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ke Wang, Hui Xie, Yu Li, Chun-Ling Xu, Lu Yu, Dong-Wei Wang
Paratylenchus shenzhenensis n. sp. was collected from the rhizosphere soil of Anthurium andraeanum in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. The new species is characterized by having a female with a small body (249-302 μm), well developed stylet (17-21 μm), rounded head with four submedian lobes and lip-region with a slight depression at the oral area, small post-vulval uterine sac with a few vestigial cells; male with body dorsally curved behind the cloacal opening, stylet absent, pharynx degenerate, prominent penial sheath; and juveniles with a stylet...
2013: Zootaxa
J D Souza Neto, T C B Soares, L B Motta, P D S Cabral, J A Silva
We characterized single primer amplification reaction (SPAR) molecular markers from 20 genotypes of Anthurium andraeanum Lind., including 3 from commercial varieties and 17 from 2 communities in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Twenty-four SPAR, consisting of 7 random amplified polymorphic DNA and 17 inter-simple sequence repeat markers were used to estimate the genetic diversity of 20 Anthurium accessions. The set of SPAR markers generated 288 bands and showed an average polymorphism percentage of 93...
2014: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Hyuk Woo Kwon, Jun Young Kim, Min Ah Choi, Seung Yeol Son, Seong Hwan Kim
During an investigation of microorganisms and pests in plant culture media from imported anthurium pots, a fungal isolate (DUCC4002) was detected. Based on its morphological characters including colony shape on potato dextrose agar, the microstructures of spores observed by light and scanning electron microscopy and the results of phylogenetic analysis using an internal transcribed spacer rDNA sequence, the fungal isolate was identified as Myrothecium roridum. Pathogenicity testing on anthurium leaves revealed that the fungus could colonize and produce sporodochia on the inoculated leaves...
March 2014: Mycobiology
David Gopaulchan, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Adrian M Lennon
Past genetic studies have shown three independent loci designated O, R and M control spathe color in Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.). To evaluate the genetic model and to understand the control of anthocyanin biosynthesis at the molecular level, the expression of the anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, CHS, F3H, DFR, ANS and F3'H, was examined at the mRNA and protein levels and correlated to anthocyanin content and spathe color in eight genetically characterized anthurium cultivars representing different states of the O, R and M loci...
March 2014: Planta
Hui-chun Liu, Dan-qing Tian, Jian-xin Liu, Guang-ying Ma, Qing-cheng Zou, Zhu-jun Zhu
An 888-bp full-length ascorbate peroxidase (APX) complementary DNA (cDNA) gene was cloned from Anthurium andraeanum, and designated as AnAPX. It contains a 110-bp 5'-noncoding region, a 28-bp 3'-noncoding region, and a 750-bp open reading frame (ORF). This protein is hydrophilic with an aliphatic index of 81.64 and its structure consisting of α-helixes, β-turns, and random coils. The AnAPX protein showed 93%, 87%, 87%, 87%, and 86% similarities to the APX homologs from Zantedeschia aethiopica, Vitis pseudoreticulata, Gossypium hirsutum, Elaeis guineensis, and Zea mays, respectively...
December 2013: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Dan-Qing Tian, Xiao-Yun Pan, Yong-Ming Yu, Wei-Yong Wang, Fei Zhang, Ya-Ying Ge, Xiao-Lan Shen, Fu-Quan Shen, Xiao-Jing Liu
BACKGROUND: Anthurium andraeanum is one of the most popular tropical flowers. In temperate and cold zones, a much greater risk of cold stress occurs in the supply of Anthurium plants. Unlike the freeze-tolerant model plants, Anthurium plants are particularly sensitive to low temperatures. Improvement of chilling tolerance in Anthurium may significantly increase its production and extend its shelf-life. To date, no previous genomic information has been reported in Anthurium plants. RESULTS: Using Illumina sequencing technology, we generated over two billion base of high-quality sequence in Anthurium, and demonstrated de novo assembly and annotation of genes without prior genome information...
2013: BMC Genomics
A R Kuehnle, F C Chen, N Sugii
A method for the production of somatic embryos and subsequent plant regeneration for Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex André (Monocotyledonae) hybrids is described. Whole leaf blade explants, derived from plantlets grown in vitro, formed translucent embryogénic calli at their basal ends within one month of culture in the dark. Secondary somatic embryos formed frequently and without an intervening callus on surfaces of primary embryos. Embryogenesis was induced with three genotypes using a modified half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1...
August 1992: Plant Cell Reports
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