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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773610/nhs-constitution-values-for-values-based-recruitment-a-virtue-ethics-perspective
#1
Johanna Elise Groothuizen, Alison Callwood, Ann Gallagher
Values-based recruitment is used in England to select healthcare staff, trainees and students on the basis that their values align with those stated in the Constitution of the UK National Health Service (NHS). However, it is unclear whether the extensive body of existing literature within the field of moral philosophy was taken into account when developing these values. Although most values have a long historical tradition, a tendency to assume that they have just been invented, and to approach them uncritically, exists within the healthcare sector...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#2
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773254/-the-integration-of-advanced-practice-nurses-in-emergency-departments
#3
Christophe Debout
The saturation of emergency departments due to inappropriate attendance by patients is becoming increasingly commonplace. It often leads to the discontent of users, due to long waiting times, and stretches the hospital staff physically, mentally and psychologically. Innovative organisation models have been developed abroad. They draw on the skills of advanced practice nurses in emergency departments. The impact of these models has been assessed very positively in numerous studies. They improve the quality and safety of care as well as the satisfaction of users...
May 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772262/an-international-survey-of-cleaning-and-disinfection-practices-in-the-healthcare-environment
#4
Nikki Kenters, Thomas Gottlieb, Joost Hopman, Shaheen Mehtar, Marin L Schweizer, Ermira Tartari, E G W Huijskens, Andreas Voss
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has become an urgent global health priority. Basic hygiene practices and cleaning and disinfection of the hospital environment are key in preventing pathogen cross-transmission. AIM: To our knowledge no studies have assessed the worldwide differences in cleaning and disinfection practices in healthcare facilities. The electronic survey described here was developed in order to evaluate differences in healthcare facility cleaning practices around the world...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#5
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771222/structure-of-health-care-dyad-leadership-an-organization-s-experience
#6
Anurag Saxena, Maura Davies, Don Philippon
Purpose This study aims to explore the structural aspects (roles, responsibilities and reporting) of dyad leadership in one health-care organization (HCO). Design/methodology/approach The perceptions of 32 leaders (17 physician leaders and 15 dyad co-leaders) in formal leadership positions (six first-level with formal authority limited to teams or divisions, 23 middle-level with wider departmental or program responsibility and three senior-level with institution-wide authority) were obtained through focus groups and surveys...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771208/healthcare-managers-perceptions-of-managing-poor-performance
#7
Melanie Hill, Heather Gluyas, Martinique Sandy, Andrew Wingate
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the perceptions and experiences of healthcare managers working within a community and ambulatory health service who manage poorly performing staff and, to identify the supports, and gaps in supports, that are available to these managers. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected via two focus groups using a semi-structured schedule. The data were transcribed, themed and conclusions summarised. Findings On analysis of the discussion of the line managers' experiences and perceptions of competence, six themes were identified, five themes common to both groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770454/streamlining-a-blood-center-and-hospital-transfusion-service-supply-chain-with-an-informatics-vendor-managed-inventory-solution-development-implementation-and-3-month-follow-up
#8
Hamilton C Tsang, Adam Garcia, Robert Scott, David Lancaster, Dianne Geary, Anh-Thu Nguyen, Raina Shankar, Leslie Buchanan, Tho D Pham
BACKGROUND: The ordering process at Stanford Health Care involved twice-daily shipments predicated upon current stock levels from the blood center to the hospital transfusion service. Manual census determination is time consuming and error prone. We aimed to enhance inventory management by developing an informatics platform to streamline the ordering process and reallocate staff productivity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The general inventory accounts for more than 50 product categories based on characteristics including component, blood type, irradiation status, and cytomegalovirus serology status...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770320/evaluation-of-a-residential-mental-health-recovery-service-in-north-queensland
#9
REVIEW
Marion Heyeres, Irina Kinchin, Elise Whatley, Lisa Brophy, Jon Jago, Thomas Wintzloff, Steve Morton, Vinitta Mosby, Narayan Gopalkrishnan, Komla Tsey
Background: Evidence shows that subacute mental health recovery occurs best when a person remains active within the community and fulfils meaningful and satisfying roles of their choosing. Several residential care services that incorporate these values have been established in Australia and overseas. Aims: This study describes (a) the development of an evaluation framework for a new subacute residential mental health recovery service in regional Australia and (b) reports on the formative evaluation outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770054/new-vaccine-administration-practice-recommendations-from-the-canadian-immunization-guide
#10
C Jensen, D Moore, C Mah, O Baclic, S Marchant-Short
Background: The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published online by the Public Health Agency of Canada and summarizes guidance on vaccines for human use into a single resource. Chapters are reviewed and updated on a regular basis. Vaccine administration is a critical part of any immunization program. Recently, the CIG chapter on vaccine administration practices was updated. Objective: To provide highlights of recent changes to the Vaccine Administration Practices chapter of the CIG...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769815/paediatric-patient-navigation-models-of-care-in-canada-an-environmental-scan
#11
Alison Luke, Shelley Doucet, Rima Azar
Objectives: (1) To provide other organizations with useful information when implementing paediatric navigation programs and (2) to inform the implementation of a navigation care centre in New Brunswick for children with complex health conditions. Methods: This environmental scan consisted of a literature review of published and grey literature for paediatric patient navigation programs across Canada. Additional programs were found following discussions with program coordinators and navigators...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#12
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769151/real-time-automated-detection-of-ventilator-associated-events-avoiding-missed-detections-misclassifications-and-false-detections-due-to-human-error
#13
Erica S Shenoy, Eric S Rosenthal, Yu-Ping Shao, Siddharth Biswal, Manohar Ghanta, Erin E Ryan, Dolores Suslak, Nancy Swanson, Valdery Moura Junior, David C Hooper, M Brandon Westover
OBJECTIVETo validate a system to detect ventilator associated events (VAEs) autonomously and in real time.DESIGNRetrospective review of ventilated patients using a secure informatics platform to identify VAEs (ie, automated surveillance) compared to surveillance by infection control (IC) staff (ie, manual surveillance), including development and validation cohorts.SETTINGThe Massachusetts General Hospital, a tertiary-care academic health center, during January-March 2015 (development cohort) and January-March 2016 (validation cohort)...
May 17, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769072/provider-and-patient-perceptions-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-use-in-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-evaluation
#14
Olugbenga A Mokuolu, Olufemi O Ajumobi, Godwin N Ntadom, Olanrewaju T Adedoyin, Alero A Roberts, Chimere O Agomo, Kate U Edozieh, Henrietta U Okafor, Robinson D Wammanda, Friday A Odey, Ibrahim K Maikore, Olatayo O Abikoye, Adekunle D Alabi, Chiomah Amajoh, Bala M Audu
BACKGROUND: Nigeria commenced a phased programmatic deployment of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) at the primary health care (PHC) facility levels since 2011. Despite various efforts, the national testing rate for malaria is still very low. The uptake of RDT has been variable. This study was undertaken to determine the provider and patient perceptions to RDT use at the PHC level in Nigeria with their implications for improving uptake and compliance. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 120 randomly selected PHCs across six states, across the six-geopolitical zones of Nigeria in January 2013...
May 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#15
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768733/assessment-of-nursing-workload-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatient-units-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
C Sousa, P Seabra
DFINTRODUCTION: No systematic reviews on measurement tools in adult psychiatric inpatient settings exist in the literature, and thus, further research is required on ways to identify approaches to calculate safe nurse staffing levels based on patients' care needs in adult psychiatric inpatient units. AIM: To identify instruments that enable an assessment of nursing workload in psychiatric settings. Method A scoping review was conducted. RESULTS: Four studies were identified, with five instruments used to support the calculation of staff needs and workload...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767217/assessing-mentorship-experiences-of-faculty-at-a-military-academic-center-challenge-and-opportunity
#17
Kevin C McMains, Rechell G Rodriguez, Jennifer Peel, Heather C Yun, Mark W True, Woodson S Jones
OBJECTIVES: Mentor relationships are a key component of professional development within academic medicine. To date, there are no investigations into the prevalence and effects of mentor relationships within military academic medicine. This quality improvement initiative aimed to establish the prevalence and effects of mentorship, including whether sex differences exist among faculty at a military academic center, the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, and identify opportunities to improve faculty development efforts for mentorship to benefit faculty at this institution...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766630/violence-committed-against-nursing-staff-by-patients-in-psychiatric-outpatient-settings
#18
REVIEW
Jenni Konttila, Hanna-Mari Pesonen, Helvi Kyngäs
Violence against nurses has increased particularly in psychiatric outpatient settings as psychiatric care shifts from being inpatient-based to being outpatient-based. Violence is a complex phenomenon that must be explored in different psychiatric nursing environments and settings. Violence in psychiatric outpatient settings should especially be explored as violence in this context has scarcely been examined. The aim of this systematic review was to elucidate violence committed against nursing staff by patients in adult psychiatric outpatient settings, based on reports from previous studies...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766223/does-wildfire-open-a-policy-window-local-government-and-community-adaptation-after-fire-in-the-united-states
#19
Miranda H Mockrin, Hillary K Fishler, Susan I Stewart
Becoming a fire adapted community that can coexist with wildfire is envisioned as a continuous, iterative process of adaptation, but it is unclear how communities may pursue adaptation. Experience with wildfire and other natural hazards suggests that disasters may open a "window of opportunity" leading to local government policy changes. We examined how destructive wildfire affected progress toward becoming fire adapted in eight locations in the United States. We found that community-level adaptation following destructive fires is most common where destructive wildfire is novel and there is already government capacity and investment in wildfire regulation and land use planning...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764557/-development-and-application-of-disposable-constant-volume-and-negative-pressure-drainage-device
#20
Dongzhi Liu
The common negative pressure drainage bottle used in the vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) cannot quantitative and automatically cut off. Excessive drainage damages the negative pressure source, causes drainage interruption, so once drainage was continuously performed, medical staff need to closely observe drainage bottle calibration. It was also important to known whether there was a large amount of fresh blood sucked out during continuous drainage because it could lose too much blood. To solve these two problems, we designed a kind of negative pressure drainage device, which volume was constant, with the function of automatic cutting off continuous drainage...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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