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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#1
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160494/managing-febrile-neutropenia-in-adult-cancer-patients-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#2
Juliana Nunes Ferreira, Lury Renata Barbosa Ribeiro Correia, Renata Moreira de Oliveira, Silvia Naomi Watanabe, João Francisco Possari, Antônio Fernandes Costa Lima
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the interventions performed by health professionals with a view to managing chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia. METHOD: Integrative literature review, the sample of 12 primary articles was selected from the following databases: LILACS, SciELO, BVS, PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science. RESULTS: There was a prevalence of studies, realized by doctors, focused on pharmacological treatment and on the association of methods for greater diagnostic accuracy of febrile neutropenia...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157569/a-regional-consortium-for-doctor-of-nursing-practice-education-integrating-improvement-science-into-the-curriculum
#3
Shea Polancich, Linda Roussel, Barbara Ann Graves, Pamela V O'Neal
The DNP curriculum prepares the graduate for evidence informed improvement translation through coursework integrating improvement, safety, and translation sciences. Innovative leadership skills are necessary to lead inter-professional unit-based and health system opportunities. Equipping the DNP with the necessary skills and competencies to accomplish any type of improvement translation requires exposure to the tools and techniques of these sciences with an emphasis in didactic content. With a foundational knowledge of the principles for improvement, translation and application will follow...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153825/clinician-and-manager-perceptions-of-factors-leading-to-ward-patient-clinical-deterioration
#4
Joshua Allen, Daryl Jones, Judy Currey
BACKGROUND: Improving the timely recognition and response to clinical deterioration is a critical challenge for clinicians, educators, administrators and researchers. Clinical deterioration leading to Rapid Response Team review is associated with poor patient outcomes. A range of factors associated with clinical deterioration and its outcomes have been identified, and may help with early identification of deteriorating patients. However, the relative importance of each factor on the development of clinical deterioration is unknown...
November 16, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153633/opioids-consumed-in-the-immediate-post-operative-period-does-not-influence-how-patients-rate-their-experience-of-care-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Jennifer I Etcheson, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicole E George, Sana Virani, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
BACKGROUND: Patient perception of care, commonly measured with Press Ganey (PG) surveys, is an important metric used to determine hospital and provider reimbursement. However, post-operative pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA) may negatively affect patient satisfaction. As a result, over-administration of opioids may occur, even without marked evidence of pain. Therefore, this study evaluated whether opioid consumption in the immediate postoperative period bears any influence on satisfaction scores after THA...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153209/-using-negative-pressure-therapy-to-prevent-and-treat-wounds
#6
REVIEW
Marguerite Nicodème, Maxime Chéron, Isabelle Fromantin
The offer of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) has considerably increased these last years. Nowadays, one can choose between different tools such as motorised systems - or not - like pumps; devices which are particularly portables; automated therapies allowing regular instillations; or finally systems adapted to specific indications like "open abdominal wounds". This diversity of devices implies more than ever that prescriptions from the medical doctor be detailed and a good trackability of the nursing follow-up...
November 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151558/-a-comparison-of-hospice-care-research-topics-between-korea-and-other-countries-using-text-network-analysis
#7
Eun Jun Park, Youngji Kim, Chan Sook Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify and compare hospice care research topics between Korean and international nursing studies using text network analysis. METHODS: The study was conducted in four steps: 1) collecting abstracts of relevant journal articles, 2) extracting and cleaning keywords (semantic morphemes) from the abstracts, 3) developing co-occurrence matrices and text-networks of keywords, and 4) analyzing network-related measures including degree centrality, closeness centrality, betweenness centrality, and clustering using the NetMiner program...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#8
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151441/patients-initial-steps-to-cancer-diagnosis-in-denmark-england-and-sweden-what-can-a-qualitative-cross-country-comparison-of-narrative-interviews-tell-us-about-potentially-modifiable-factors
#9
John MacArtney, Marlene Malmström, Trine Overgaard Nielsen, Julie Evans, Britt-Marie Bernhardson, Senada Hajdarevic, Alison Chapple, Lars E Eriksson, Louise Locock, Birgit Rasmussen, Peter Vedsted, Carol Tishelman, Rikke Sand Andersen, Sue Ziebland
OBJECTIVES: To illuminate patterns observed in International Cancer Benchmarking Programme studies by extending understanding of the various influences on presentation and referral with cancer symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-country comparison of Denmark, England and Sweden with qualitative analysis of in-depth interview accounts of the prediagnostic process in lung or bowel cancer. PARTICIPANTS: 155 women and men, aged between 35 and 86 years old, diagnosed with lung or bowel cancer in 6 months before interview...
November 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151283/clinical-significance-of-rituximab-infusion-related-reaction-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients-receiving-r-chop
#10
Kyoung Min Cho, Bhumsuk Keam, Hyerim Ha, Miso Kim, Jae-Woo Jung, Woo-Jung Song, Tae Min Kim, Yoon Kyung Jeon, Hye-Ryun Kang, Dong Wan Kim, Chul Woo Kim, Dae Seog Heo
Background/Aims: This study was to evaluate the clinical significance of infusion-related reaction (IRR) of rituximab in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients who received R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) as a first-line chemotherapy. Methods: The medical records of 326 patients diagnosed with DLBCL were re trospectively analyzed. Both doctor's progress records and nursing records were reviewed. IRR was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria...
November 20, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150251/validity-of-birth-certificate-and-hospital-discharge-data-reporting-of-labor-induction
#11
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura B Attanasio
PURPOSE: To examine the concordance of labor induction measures derived from birth certificate and hospital discharge data with each other and with maternal report. METHODS: Birth certificate data were linked with hospital discharge data and structured interviews of 2,851 mothers conducted 1 month after first childbirth. Those who reported that a doctor or nurse tried to cause their labor to begin, and were not in labor before that event, were classified as undergoing labor induction...
November 14, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149483/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-vital-signs-data-in-electronic-health-records-a-qualitative-study
#12
Jean E Stevenson, Johan Israelsson, Goran Petersson, Peter A Bath
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate reasons for inadequate documentation of vital signs in an electronic health record. BACKGROUND: Monitoring vital signs is crucial to detecting and responding to patient deterioration. The ways in which vital signs are documented in electronic health records have received limited attention in the research literature. A previous study revealed that vital signs in an electronic health record were incomplete and inconsistent...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#13
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145419/attitudes-to-mental-illness-among-mental-health-professionals-in-singapore-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#14
Qi Yuan, Louisa Picco, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Samantha Ong, Kah Lai Yow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care received by the patients. This study aims to explore attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore; make comparisons with the general population; and investigate the significant correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Eligible participants were recruited from the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143446/realism-in-paediatric-emergency-simulations-a-prospective-comparison-of-in-situ-low-fidelity-and-centre-based-high-fidelity-scenarios
#15
Fenton O'Leary, Ioannis Pegiazoglou, Kathryn McGarvey, Ruza Novakov, Ingrid Wolfsberger, Jennifer Peat
OBJECTIVE: To measure scenario participant and faculty self-reported realism, engagement and learning for the low fidelity, in situ simulations and compare this to high fidelity, centre-based simulations. METHODS: A prospective survey of scenario participants and faculty completing in situ and centre-based paediatric simulations. RESULTS: There were 382 responses, 276 from scenario participants and 106 from faculty with 241 responses from in situ and 141 from centre-based simulations...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142555/exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-working-women-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Aroona Sabin, Farida Manzur, Saleem Adil
Objective: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Faisalabad city within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016. Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142378/comparison-of-awareness-of-patient-parameters-between-two-groups-of-caregivers-in-intensive-care-unit
#17
Mohandeep Kaur, Saurav Mitra Mustafi, Manila Singh, Anupama Gill Sharma, Vinod Bala Dhir, Jyoti Sharma
Aim of the Study: The overlap in the scope of duties performed by two core groups of Intensive Care Unit caregivers, the doctors and nurses may lead to gaps in awareness of patient-related parameters among them. Our study tested the hypothesis that there is no difference in the awareness of patient-related parameters between the two study groups (doctors and nurses). Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based study, incorporating various aspects of a patient's medical care was designed...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137860/quality-of-anthropometric-measurements-in-spanish-intensive-care-units-the-camies-study
#18
M A García-Martínez, T Cherednichenko, Y Hidalgo Encinas, A I Catalá Espinosa, A Arrascaeta Llanes, J A Acosta Escribano
INTRODUCTION: Real body weight and height are essential data to be obtained in all critically ill patients (CIP), due to their influence in the designing of therapies and monitoring. Visual estimation is a very inaccurate practice. No precise descriptions of anthropometric measurements among CIP are available in the clinical practice guides. OBJECTIVE: To describe anthropometric quality in CIP, health professional perception of such quality, and its influencing factors...
November 11, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137695/career-commitment-of-nurse-faculty
#19
Malena Jones
BACKGROUND: A nurse faculty shortage exists, and it is predicted to continue in the United States (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2016). Several factors that have been identified as contributing to this shortage include aging faculty, lack of doctoral-prepared faculty, and the economic cost of pursuing an academic career (AACN, 2016). However, there is a need to explore subtle factors. This study was conducted to examine the interaction of career commitment to education, faculty satisfaction, and teacher efficacy on developing qualified and retaining committed faculty...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137508/health-professional-education-and-universal-health-coverage-a-summary-of-challenges-and-selected-case-studies
#20
Arthika Sripathy, Joachim Marti, Hannah Patel, Javaid I Sheikh, Ara W Darzi
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing serious shortages in meeting health workforce requirements for universal health coverage. We examine how national-level policies can address these deficiencies and support the development of an appropriately skilled health workforce in line with population needs. We discuss three innovative, government-led solutions that are designed to align health workforce training with the demands of universal health coverage. Specifically, we discuss two initiatives to train and retain doctors in rural areas of Thailand, the large-scale training of community health workers within multidisciplinary primary health care teams in Brazil, and the introduction of a postgraduate diploma program in primary care for nurses in India...
November 2017: Health Affairs
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