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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#1
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#2
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130674/-efficacy-of-superior-rectus-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-belly-union-surgery-for-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#3
Guo-Yuan Yang, Long-Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of superior rectus (SR) and lateral rectus (LR) union suture without scleral fixation for the treatment of myopic strabismus fixus. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 27 eyes of 16 patients who underwent lateral part of SR and superior part of LR muscle belly union between January 2010 and October 2015. We collected the ocular data including: best corrected visual acuity,axial length,CT or MRI images,orthoptic measurements (by prism test),and eye movements pre- and postoperatively...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117610/-evaluation-of-ophthalmic-follow-up-care-of-former-pre-term-and-full-term-infants-aged-from-4-to-10-years-in-germany-results-of-the-wiesbaden-prematurity-study-wps
#4
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Heike Maria Elflein, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
Background The purpose of this investigation was to analyse the ophthalmic follow-up care of former pre-term and full-term born infants aged 4 to 10 years in the clinical practice and the comparison to the recommendations of the national ophthalmic guidelines. Methods For the prospective Wiesbaden Prematurity Study (WPS), 503 infants were examined: 239 former pre-term infants (PT) with gestational age (GA) ≤ 32 weeks and 264 former full-term born infants (FT) with a GA ≥ 37 weeks aged 4 to 10 years...
November 8, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105728/tests-for-detecting-strabismus-in-children-aged-1-to-6-years-in-the-community
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Hull, Vijay Tailor, Sara Balduzzi, Jugnoo Rahi, Christine Schmucker, Gianni Virgili, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077185/statistics-of-tno-stereotest-for-the-diagnosis-of-microesotropia-in-children
#6
Andrea C Piantanida, Manuela Spera, Roberta Nobili, Giulia Gerosa
PURPOSE: To analyze statistically the real effectiveness of TNO stereotest for the diagnosis of microesotropia in young patients in daily practice. METHODS: We considered 312 patients whose age ranged from 3 to 18 years (mean age 7.5 years) suspected to be microesotropic. All underwent a full orthoptic and ophthalmologic examination. The TNO stereotest was presented at a distance of 40 cm with the patient wearing red-green glasses. The Paliaga 8-D base-in test was considered the gold standard diagnostic test to detect microesotropia...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937882/proceedings-of-the-xiiith-international-orthoptic-congress-rotterdam-the-netherlands-2016
#7
Karen McMain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904218/early-onset-sixth-nerve-palsy-with-eccentric-fixation
#8
Kaajal D Nanda, Eve Lacey, Alki Liasis, Ken K Nischal
PURPOSE: To report four cases of early onset sixth-nerve palsy all of whom had eccentric fixation. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was undertaken of all cases presenting to the senior author's private and NHS practice with early onset sixth palsy between 2006 and 2012. As well as demographic information, details of ophthalmic, orthoptic, electrophysiological examinations, and radiological investigations that were extracted from the records. RESULTS: Four children with unilateral or asymmetric early onset sixth-nerve palsy were identified, of which three were congenital...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904217/two-orthoptic-treatments-in-dragged-fovea-diplopia-syndrome
#9
Silvia Maddii, Ilaria Biagini, Alessia Aragno, Mario Scrivanti, Barbara Giambene, Stanislao Rizzo, Gianni Virgili
BACKGROUND: "Dragged-fovea diplopia syndrome" is a type of central binocular diplopia that is secondary to a foveal displacement, caused by epiretinal membranes (ERMs) or other macular diseases. Its management is difficult, because prisms are not effective. CASE REPORTS: Two cases of dragged-fovea diplopia syndrome were presented. Both patients were affected with a unilateral epiretinal membrane. Therefore, the pathophysiology underlying their diplopia was the conflict between central and peripheral fusion mechanisms...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861357/the-evolution-of-refractive-status-in-chinese-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-its-affected-factors
#10
Shu-Juan Yu, Guo-Hua Liu, Yi Liu, Jing Huang, Ming-Lei Han, Bo-Jun Zhao, Zhong-Tao Gai
AIM: To study the evolution of the refractive status and examine the affected factors in infants during the first year of life in a large sample size in China. METHODS: A total of 1258 babies (2516 eyes) aged 32wk gestational age to 1y participated in the study, including 766 premature and 492 full-term infants. First, each baby received an orthoptic examination, slit-lamp checking and fundus imaging. Patients with diseases which might affect refractive status were excluded from the cohort...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845325/ocular-causes-of-abnormal-head-position-strabismus-clinic-data
#11
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Şekeroğlu, İrem Koç, Esra Vural, Jale Karakaya, Emin Cumhur Şener, Ali Şefik Sanaç
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most common ocular causes and types of abnormal head position (AHP) and describe their clinical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with AHP who had been followed in the strabismus unit were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic features and orthoptic characteristics were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 163 patients including 61 women (37.4%) and 102 men (62.6%), with a mean age of 19.9±18.3 were recruited...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831547/developmental-visual-deprivation-long-term-effects-on-human-cone-driven-retinal-function
#12
Paolo Esposito Veneruso, Lucia Ziccardi, Giulia Magli, Vincenzo Parisi, Benedetto Falsini, Adriano Magli
PURPOSE: To assess whether infantile visual deprivation induced by developmental cataract may influence the cone-driven retinal function in humans. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with history of bilateral developmental cataract (DC), who had undergone uncomplicated cataract extraction surgery and intraocular lens implant, and 14 healthy subjects (HS) were enrolled. All patients underwent complete ophthalmological and orthoptic evaluations and best-corrected visual acuity measurement...
August 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771067/is-the-15%C3%A2-base-in-prism-test-reliable-for-detection-of-amblyopia-in-anisometropic-patients
#14
F Burggraaf, M C Verkaik-Rijneveld, R J Wubbels, E de Jongh
PURPOSE: The 15∆ base in prism test (15∆BIPT) introduced by Gobin is often used in The Netherlands to detect fixation preference, especially in young and preverbal children in whom a reliable measurement of the visual acuity (VA) is difficult. It is assumed that the fixation preference detected by the 15∆BIPT can be used to predict the presence of amblyopia. The aim of this retrospective case note review was to investigate the accuracy of the 15∆BIPT in detection of amblyopia in anisometropic patients...
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759299/international-practice-in-care-provision-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment
#15
Fiona J Rowe
PURPOSE: This study sought to explore the practice of orthoptists internationally in care provision for poststroke visual impairment. METHODS: Survey questions were developed and piloted with clinicians, academics, and users. Questions addressed types of visual problems, how these were identified, treated, and followed up, care pathways in use, links with other professions, and referral options. The survey was approved by the institutional ethical committee. The survey was accessed via a web link that was circulated through the International Orthoptic Association member professional organisations to orthoptists...
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756763/the-effect-of-omitting-an-early-population-based-vision-screen-in-the-netherlands-a-micro-simulation-model-approach
#16
F Sloot, Eam Heijnsdijk, J H Groenewoud, F Goudsmit, E W Steyerberg, H J de Koning, H J Simonsz
Objective To estimate the effect of omitting an individual screen from a child vision screening programme on the detection of amblyopia in the Netherlands. A previous study (Rotterdam Amblyopia Screening Effectiveness Study) suggested that the three screens carried out between 6 and 24 months contributed little. Methods We developed a micro-simulation model that approximated the birth-cohort data from the previous study, in which 2964 children had completed follow-up at age 7, and 100 amblyopia cases were detected...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729073/reeducation-of-vergence-dynamics-improves-postural-control
#17
Aurélien Morize, Zoï Kapoula
INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to investigate the effect of vergence reeducation on postural control, in subjects with isolated vergence disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied the dynamics of vergence in 19 subjects (20-44 years old) using video-oculography (Eye See Cam). On the basis of orthoptic and symptomatology assessments, ten of the subjects were diagnosed for vergence disorders then vergence eye movements were reeducated with the REMOBI method (US8851669, 5 weekly sessions lasting for 35min)...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728185/novel-presenting-phenotype-in-a-child-with-autosomal-dominant-best-s-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy
#18
Yasmine F Abdalla, Gabriella De Salvo, Ahmad Elsahn, James E Self
Best's macular dystrophy (BMD) usually manifests with visual failure in the first or second decade of life; however, there is a large variability in expressivity of the disease, and some patients have no manifestation other than a pathological electro-oculogram (EOG). Autosomal dominant Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (AD-BVMD) has a very specific phenotype that varies with the stage of the disease. In recent years, the authors have seen description of another clinical entity known as autosomal recessive BMD...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724819/stability-and-effects-of-muscle-transplantation-for-very-large-angle-esotropia-a-study-of-22-patients
#19
Jitendra Nenumal Jethani, Nirzari Shah, Sonal Amin, Monika Jethani
PURPOSE: A very large angle esotropia is characterized by an angle more than 80 prism diopters (pd). A single eye surgery would not correct such a large angle. Supramaximal recessions and resection would lead to restriction of ocular motility. We present a series of 22 patients with large angle esotropia treated with muscle transplantation. METHODS: A total of 22 patients (14 males and 8 females) were included in the study. All the patients had a minimum of 80 base out deviation in primary position...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#20
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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