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B Clotuche, N Dorizy, M Franquelin, P Kuhne, M Lakhdar, S Massart, J Strenk
PURPOSE: We try to show a relationship between strabismus and changes in reading skills. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have carried out a prospective study including 135 children from 8 to 11 years (French level CE2 to CM2). They were given an ophthalmologic and orthoptic examination and then divided into 4 groups: strabismus with vertical deviation without binocular vision, accommodative strabismus with binocular vision, accommodative strabismus without binocular vision and control group (children without strabismus)...
October 17, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Stéphane Bruneau, Raoul De Haller, Delphine S Courvoisier, Paolo Scolozzi
The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of a specific computed tomography (CT)-based assessment for the final functional ophthalmological outcome in pure orbital floor blowout fractures. Data of 34 consecutive patients with pure blowout fractures who had undergone a period of at least 6 months of medical and ophthalmological follow-up were analyzed. The following 3 CT scan-based parameters were included: area ratio of the fractured orbital floor (RF), maximum height of periorbital tissue herniation (MH), and a 4-grade muscular subscore (MSS) describing the inferior rectus muscle displacement relative to the orbital floor level...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Laetitia Houx, Hélène Saudreau, Philippe Galien, Christelle Pons, Marion Roquet, Ronan Garlantezec, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: A better understanding of the perception of the rehabilitative and medical care's by persons with cerebral palsy (CP) and their families may help in providing better adherence to these cares. The main objective of this study was to assess overall satisfaction, self-perception of effectiveness and tolerance of the rehabilitative and medical cares in individuals with CP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. A total of 950 questionnaires were sent to French Britain children and adults with CP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
A Atili, E Singer, L Wörz, N Olschewski
Purpose: To evaluate a dose-response relationship by using Yokoyama procedure we compared a group of inhomogeneous cases with esohypotropia (EHT) associated with high myopia. Methods: We did a retrospective analysis of 7 cases with EHT associated with high myopia, who underwent Yokoyama procedure between 2014 and 2015. Pre- and postoperative orthoptic measurements as well as measurements of axial length were recorded. Results: The average age ranged from 59.5 ± 2.8 (SD) years. The mean value of axial lengths was 32...
September 13, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
The eminent Greek physician Paul of Aegina, native of the Saronic island Aegina and pupil of the Alexandrian School, understood both exotropia and endotropia, his designation for esotropia and proposed therapeutic measures for their treatment during baby or toddler age. He had introduced an innovative method for the newborns to have a straight vision, "the congenital strabismus of the newborns must be treated with the placement of a facial mask (with 2 open holes in the middle axes of the eyes), so that the babies could only see in a straight line", combined with a small oil lamp to assure a direct eye alignment...
September 2016: Strabismus
Paolo Esposito Veneruso, Lucia Ziccardi, Giulia Magli, Vincenzo Parisi, Benedetto Falsini, Adriano Magli
PURPOSE: To assess whether the early light deprivation induced by congenital cataract may influence the cone-driven retinal function in humans. METHODS: Forty-one patients affected by congenital cataract (CC) who had undergone uncomplicated cataract extraction surgery and intraocular lens implant, and 14 healthy subjects (HS) were enrolled. All patients underwent complete ophthalmological and orthoptic evaluations and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement; light-adapted full-field electroretinograms (ERG) and photopic negative responses (PhNR) were recorded to obtain a reliable measurement of the outer/inner retinal function and of the retinal ganglion cells' function respectively...
August 18, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Emmanuelle Chalifoux, Maan Alkharashi, Rosanne Superstein, Melissa Louis, Claire Blais, Shamim Sabzevari, Michael Flanders
OBJECTIVES: This study had 3 objectives: (i) to characterize clinical profiles of adults with consecutive exotropia (CXT), intermittent exotropia (IXT), and sensory exotropia (SXT); (ii) to correlate immediate postoperative target angles with successful long-term ocular alignment; and (iii) to compare the efficacy of adjustable versus nonadjustable medial rectus resection ± advancement. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, and interventional cohort study...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Dorothée C van Trier, Anna M C Vos, Renske W Draaijer, Ineke van der Burgt, Jos M Th Draaisma, Johannes R M Cruysberg
PURPOSE: To determine the full spectrum of ocular manifestations in patients with Noonan syndrome (NS). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional clinical and genetic study in a tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients with NS (mean age, 14 years; range, 8 months-25 years) clinically diagnosed by validated criteria. METHODS: All patients were examined by the same team following a detailed study protocol...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Sekeroglu, Sevilay Karahan, Ali Sefik Sanac
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the fixation preference testing with 10 and 20 diopter prisms ((Δ)) in children without strabismus in order to extrapolate its utility to preverbal children and to determine interexaminer agreement. Fourty children (24 girls, 16 boys) aged between 5 and 16 years with normal ophthalmological examination except refractive errors were included in the study. The visual acuity, refractive errors, and orthoptic findings were recorded. The base-down prism fixation test was performed by two experienced examiners with 10(Δ) and 20(Δ)...
August 6, 2016: International Ophthalmology
A M Tjiam, W L Asjes-Tydeman, G Holtslag, E Vukovic, M M Sinoo, S E Loudon, J Passchier, H J de Koning, H J Simonsz
PURPOSE: This implementation study evaluated orthoptists' use of an educational cartoon ("the Patchbook") and other measures to improve compliance with occlusion therapy for amblyopia. METHODS: Participating orthoptists provided standard orthoptic care for one year, adding the Patchbook in the second year. They attended courses on compliance and intercultural communication by communication skills training. Many other compliance-enhancing measures were initiated...
September 2016: Strabismus
Aleksandra Iljin, Andrzej Zieliński, Edward Lewandowicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Tomasz Zieliński
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was evaluation of the results of surgical treatment of congenital blepharoptosis (CBP) using Mustarde's modified method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2005-2014 forty eight children with CBP underwent surgical correction of CBP by Mustarde's modified method. Basing on the results of ophthalmic and orthoptic examination, and standard measurements, we estimated postoperative difference in the position and symmetry of the upper eyelids, and postoperative complications in our patients...
May 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Jeremy J S W Kwok, Gabriela S L Chong, Simon T C Ko, Jason C S Yam
The natural course of intermittent exotropia and the factors affecting its control has been unclear. We aim to report the natural course of our cohort of 117 Chinese children with intermittent exotropia and to identify baseline parameters that may have predictive value in the control deterioration of the disease. The visual acuity, spherical equivalent, compliance to orthoptic exercise, angle of deviation fusional convergence parameters and Newcastle Control Score were recorded for all children at baseline and at 3 years apart...
2016: Scientific Reports
S Clough, Z Shehabi, C Morgan
Background There remains significant inequality in health and healthcare in people with learning disabilities (LD). A lack of coordination and the episodic nature of care provision are contributory factors. Recognising the need to improve outcomes for this group, we evaluate a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) approach to care whereby additional medical procedures are carried out under the same episode of general anaesthesia (GA) as dental treatment for people with severe LD. This is the first published evaluation of its kind in the UK...
May 27, 2016: British Dental Journal
Robert W Lingua, Catherine Y Liu, Amanda Gerling, Zina Zhang, Angèle Nalbandian
PURPOSE: To report the comparative clinical findings for two nystagmus procedures in two consecutive case series: the Sinskey anterior extirpation procedure (SAEP) and a modification, myectomy without reattachment (MWR). METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients underwent the SAEP and 19 underwent MWR. The SAEP is a snare-assisted unmeasured deep myectomy, whereas MWR is a measured myectomy at posterior Tenon's fascia. All patients underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic and orthoptic examination with infrared videonystagmography...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul, Betül Tuğcu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of strabismus in children initially diagnosed with pseudostrabismus and to identify risk factors for the development of strabismus. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with pseudostrabismus at initial examinations in outpatient clinic were reviewed retrospectively. Follow-up examinations were made at the strabismus department. Age at first examination, gender, family and developmental history, ophthalmic and orthoptic findings including orbit, and eyelid pathologies were investigated...
June 2016: Strabismus
M Lamard, S Ferragut, C Hugny-Larroque, J-L De Bougrenet De La Tocnaye, B Cochener
PURPOSE: To compare standard orthoptic tests with a novel digital 3D orthoptic platform, 3DeltaEasy(©) from Orthoptica(®). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study tests the 3D digital orthoptics platform, 3DeltaEasy(©) from Orthoptica(®) and compares it to the corresponding standard orthoptic tests. This platform consists of a computer equipped with dedicated software, a video projector and 3D liquid crystal glasses. Three tests were compared: Wirt test, measurement of horizontal and vertical phorias, and the horizontal fusional amplitude in convergence and divergence...
May 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Kelly MacKenzie, Joanne Hancox, Hayley McBain, Daniel G Ezra, Gill Adams, Stanton Newman
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, also known as squint, can have a debilitating effect on a person's self-esteem, quality of life and mood, as well as increase their feelings of social anxiety and avoidance behaviour. Strabismus surgery can improve both the alignment of a person's eyes and, in appropriate cases, relieve symptoms such as double vision. However, evidence indicates that not all patients experience a meaningful improvement in their quality of life postsurgery. Pre-surgical psychosocial interventions have been found to improve patient reported outcomes in other long-term conditions...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Keith Pereira, Jason Salsamendi, Ravi Dalal, David Quintana, Shivank Bhatia, Ji Fan
OBJECTIVES: Hepatic artery thrombosis remains a major complication after orthoptic liver transplant. Treatment of hepatic artery thrombosis is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Retransplant is the procedure of choice. In nonsurgical candidates, endovascular options are evolving. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on our experience at a busy transplant center, we discuss 4 representative cases to explain the potential role of endovascular treatment beyond just attempts at recanalization...
April 20, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
H B McBain, K A MacKenzie, J Hancox, D G Ezra, G G W Adams, S P Newman
AimsTo establish the impact of adult strabismus surgery on clinical and psychosocial well-being and determine who experiences the greatest benefit from surgery and how one could intervene to improve quality of life post-surgery.MethodsA longitudinal study, with measurements taken pre-surgery and at 3 and 6 months post-surgery. All participants completed the AS-20 a disease specific quality of life scale, along with measures of mood, strabismus and appearance-related beliefs and cognitions and perceived social support...
May 2016: Eye
R Sallmann, G P Jaggi, T Enz, G Shojaati, V Sturm, M Schätzle, K Landau
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital superior oblique palsy tend to adopt a head tilt to the contralateral side to maintain binocular single vision. It has long been recognised that facial asymmetries may be caused by a head tilt. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of habitual head tilt due to congenital superior oblique palsy on dental occlusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was designed as a descriptive cohort study. Ten patients with congenital superior oblique palsy (3 female, 7 male; mean age 51...
April 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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