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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339174/the-impact-of-strabismus-surgery-on-gait-pattern-in-patients-with-congenital-or-starting-within-one-year-of-age-strabismus
#1
Enrica Sipio, Anna Dickmann, Irene Aprile, Marco Germanotta, Chiara Simbolotti, Annabella Salerni, Gustavo Savino, Luca Padua
Strabismus is a common visual disorder that negatively affects walking and balance. Therapeutic interventions for strabismus include strabismus surgery. Few studies investigated the relationship between strabismus surgery and postural control while, to the best of our knowledge, none has been conducted to assess the influence of strabismus surgery on gait. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the locomotion characteristics over patients with congenital or starting within one year of age strabismus, one month and three months after strabismus surgery...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325383/-clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia
#2
M Y Ren, Q Wang, L H Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and surgical outcomes of patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia (AACE) type Ⅱ(AACE-Ⅱ) and type Ⅲ (AACE-Ⅲ). Methods: Retrospective case series analysis. Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent strabismus surgery for AACE-Ⅱ and AACE-Ⅲ in Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University between January 2011 and June 2016 with a minimum follow-up time of 3 months were collected. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmological and orthoptic examination to exclude esotropia resulting from other reasons, and a systemic assessment to exclude AACE related to intracranial and systemic diseases...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290461/oculomotor-palsy-in-diabetics
#3
H Lajmi, W Hmaied, W Ben Jalel, Z Chelly, A Ben Yakhlef, F Ben Zineb, L El Fekih
INTRODUCTION: Oculomotor palsy is one of the most frequent neuro-ophthalmologic complications of diabetic patients. It generates less interest in the literature than the other ocular manifestations. Our goal was to study the clinical, epidemiological, therapeutic and prognostic characteristics of oculomotor palsy in the diabetic. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 24 diabetic patients with oculomotor palsy. The ophthalmological examination emphasized ocular motility...
December 28, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285332/correlations-between-dental-malocclusions-ocular-motility-and-convergence-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-growing-subjects
#4
P Bollero, M R Ricchiuti, G Laganà, G DI Fusco, R Lione, P Cozza
Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze the association between dento-skeletal malocclusions, ocular motility, and convergence disorders in growing subjects. Materials and methods: 84 subjects (49 males, 35 females) with a mean age of 7.3±1.7 years were enrolled in a screening procedure for celiac disease at the Department of Gastroenterology of the University of Rome "Tor Vergata". Each child underwent an orthodontic, orthoptic, and ophtalmological examination...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201538/vision-in-stroke-cohort-profile-overview-of-visual-impairment
#5
Fiona J Rowe
Aim: To profile the full range of visual disorders from a large prospective observation study of stroke survivors referred by stroke multidisciplinary teams to orthoptic services with suspected visual problems. Methods: Multicenter prospective study undertaken in 20 acute Trust hospitals. Standardized screening/referral forms and investigation forms documented data on referral signs and symptoms plus type and extent of visual impairment. Results: Of 1,345 patients referred with suspected visual impairment, 915 were recruited (59% men; mean age at stroke onset 69 years [SD 14])...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182469/semistructured-observation-of-population-based-eye-screening-in-the-netherlands
#6
Frea Sloot, Aya Sami, Hatice Karaman, Mari Gutter, Janine Benjamins, Trijntje Sjoerdsma, Huibert Jan Simonsz
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, youth-healthcare (YHC) physicians screen children 7 times for vision disorders between the ages of 1 and 60 months. Examination consists of inspection of the external structures of the eye, fundus red reflex, Hirschberg test, pupillary reflexes, cover-uncover test, alternating-cover test, eye motility, monocular pursuit, and, from 36 months onwards, visual acuity (VA). We observed how well these tests are done. METHODS: Screening test performance was assessed with semistructured observations...
November 28, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#7
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#8
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130674/-efficacy-of-superior-rectus-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-belly-union-surgery-for-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#9
Guo-Yuan Yang, Long-Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of superior rectus (SR) and lateral rectus (LR) union suture without scleral fixation for the treatment of myopic strabismus fixus. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 27 eyes of 16 patients who underwent lateral part of SR and superior part of LR muscle belly union between January 2010 and October 2015. We collected the ocular data including: best corrected visual acuity,axial length,CT or MRI images,orthoptic measurements (by prism test),and eye movements pre- and postoperatively...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117610/-evaluation-of-ophthalmic-follow-up-care-of-former-pre-term-and-full-term-infants-aged-from-4-to-10-years-in-germany-results-of-the-wiesbaden-prematurity-study-wps
#10
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Heike Maria Elflein, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
Background The purpose of this investigation was to analyse the ophthalmic follow-up care of former pre-term and full-term born infants aged 4 to 10 years in the clinical practice and the comparison to the recommendations of the national ophthalmic guidelines. Methods For the prospective Wiesbaden Prematurity Study (WPS), 503 infants were examined: 239 former pre-term infants (PT) with gestational age (GA) ≤ 32 weeks and 264 former full-term born infants (FT) with a GA ≥ 37 weeks aged 4 to 10 years...
November 8, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105728/tests-for-detecting-strabismus-in-children-aged-1-to-6-years-in-the-community
#11
REVIEW
Sarah Hull, Vijay Tailor, Sara Balduzzi, Jugnoo Rahi, Christine Schmucker, Gianni Virgili, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077185/statistics-of-tno-stereotest-for-the-diagnosis-of-microesotropia-in-children
#12
Andrea C Piantanida, Manuela Spera, Roberta Nobili, Giulia Gerosa
PURPOSE: To analyze statistically the real effectiveness of TNO stereotest for the diagnosis of microesotropia in young patients in daily practice. METHODS: We considered 312 patients whose age ranged from 3 to 18 years (mean age 7.5 years) suspected to be microesotropic. All underwent a full orthoptic and ophthalmologic examination. The TNO stereotest was presented at a distance of 40 cm with the patient wearing red-green glasses. The Paliaga 8-D base-in test was considered the gold standard diagnostic test to detect microesotropia...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937882/proceedings-of-the-xiiith-international-orthoptic-congress-rotterdam-the-netherlands-2016
#13
Karen McMain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904218/early-onset-sixth-nerve-palsy-with-eccentric-fixation
#14
Kaajal D Nanda, Eve Lacey, Alki Liasis, Ken K Nischal
PURPOSE: To report four cases of early onset sixth-nerve palsy all of whom had eccentric fixation. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was undertaken of all cases presenting to the senior author's private and NHS practice with early onset sixth palsy between 2006 and 2012. As well as demographic information, details of ophthalmic, orthoptic, electrophysiological examinations, and radiological investigations that were extracted from the records. RESULTS: Four children with unilateral or asymmetric early onset sixth-nerve palsy were identified, of which three were congenital...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904217/two-orthoptic-treatments-in-dragged-fovea-diplopia-syndrome
#15
Silvia Maddii, Ilaria Biagini, Alessia Aragno, Mario Scrivanti, Barbara Giambene, Stanislao Rizzo, Gianni Virgili
BACKGROUND: "Dragged-fovea diplopia syndrome" is a type of central binocular diplopia that is secondary to a foveal displacement, caused by epiretinal membranes (ERMs) or other macular diseases. Its management is difficult, because prisms are not effective. CASE REPORTS: Two cases of dragged-fovea diplopia syndrome were presented. Both patients were affected with a unilateral epiretinal membrane. Therefore, the pathophysiology underlying their diplopia was the conflict between central and peripheral fusion mechanisms...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861357/the-evolution-of-refractive-status-in-chinese-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-its-affected-factors
#16
Shu-Juan Yu, Guo-Hua Liu, Yi Liu, Jing Huang, Ming-Lei Han, Bo-Jun Zhao, Zhong-Tao Gai
AIM: To study the evolution of the refractive status and examine the affected factors in infants during the first year of life in a large sample size in China. METHODS: A total of 1258 babies (2516 eyes) aged 32wk gestational age to 1y participated in the study, including 766 premature and 492 full-term infants. First, each baby received an orthoptic examination, slit-lamp checking and fundus imaging. Patients with diseases which might affect refractive status were excluded from the cohort...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845325/ocular-causes-of-abnormal-head-position-strabismus-clinic-data
#17
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Şekeroğlu, İrem Koç, Esra Vural, Jale Karakaya, Emin Cumhur Şener, Ali Şefik Sanaç
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most common ocular causes and types of abnormal head position (AHP) and describe their clinical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with AHP who had been followed in the strabismus unit were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic features and orthoptic characteristics were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 163 patients including 61 women (37.4%) and 102 men (62.6%), with a mean age of 19.9±18.3 were recruited...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831547/developmental-visual-deprivation-long-term-effects-on-human-cone-driven-retinal-function
#18
Paolo Esposito Veneruso, Lucia Ziccardi, Giulia Magli, Vincenzo Parisi, Benedetto Falsini, Adriano Magli
PURPOSE: To assess whether infantile visual deprivation induced by developmental cataract may influence the cone-driven retinal function in humans. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with history of bilateral developmental cataract (DC), who had undergone uncomplicated cataract extraction surgery and intraocular lens implant, and 14 healthy subjects (HS) were enrolled. All patients underwent complete ophthalmological and orthoptic evaluations and best-corrected visual acuity measurement...
August 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771067/is-the-15%C3%A2-base-in-prism-test-reliable-for-detection-of-amblyopia-in-anisometropic-patients
#20
F Burggraaf, M C Verkaik-Rijneveld, R J Wubbels, E de Jongh
PURPOSE: The 15∆ base in prism test (15∆BIPT) introduced by Gobin is often used in The Netherlands to detect fixation preference, especially in young and preverbal children in whom a reliable measurement of the visual acuity (VA) is difficult. It is assumed that the fixation preference detected by the 15∆BIPT can be used to predict the presence of amblyopia. The aim of this retrospective case note review was to investigate the accuracy of the 15∆BIPT in detection of amblyopia in anisometropic patients...
September 2017: Strabismus
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