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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054124/historical-demography-and-colonisation-pathways-of-the-widespread-intertidal-seaweed-hormosira-banksii-phaeophyceae-in-southeastern-australia
#1
Rebecca Mueller, Jeffrey T Wright, Christopher J S Bolch
The palaeoceanography of southern Australia has been characterized by fluctuating sea levels during glacial periods, changing temperature regimes and modified boundary currents. Previous studies on genetic structuring of species in southeastern Australia have focused mainly on the differentiation of eastern and western populations while the potential role of Bass Strait as a region of overlap for three biogeographic provinces (Peronia, Maugea, and Flindersia) has been largely ignored. This study aimed to explore the likely roles of historic and contemporary factors in determining divergence patterns in the habitat-forming intertidal seaweed Hormosira banksii in southeastern Australia with a special focus on postglacial dispersal into Bass Strait...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#2
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behavior of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054121/multisensory-modulation-of-experimentally-evoked-perceptual-distortion-of-the-face
#3
Lilja K Dagsdóttir, Valeria Bellan, Ina Skyt, Lene Vase, Lene Baad-Hansen, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson
Chronic orofacial pain patients often perceive the painful face area as 'swollen' without clinical signs, i.e., a perceptual distortion (PD). Local anesthetic (LA) injections in healthy participants are also associated with PD OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore whether PD evoked by LA into the infraorbital region of could be modulated by adding mechanical stimulation (MS) to the affected area METHODS: MS was given with a brush and a 128 mN von Frey filament. First, sixty healthy participants were randomly divided into three groups: 1) LA control, 2) LA with MS, 3) Isotonic solution (ISO) with MS as an additional control condition...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054109/influence-of-backside-loading-on-the-floating-mass-transducer-an-in-vitro-experimental-study
#4
Antoniu-Oreste Gostian, Martin Sylvester Otte, David Pazen, Magdalene Ortmann, David Schwarz, Karl Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner
HYPOTHESIS: The vibration of the floating mass transducer (FMT) of a single active middle-ear implant (AMEI) is distinctly influenced by the properties of the material coupled to its back side. BACKGROUND: In round window vibroplasty, the FMT needs to be padded against the surrounding bone opposite from the round window membrane. This represents one factor influencing its performance as a round window driver. Therefore, we examined the effects of different materials linked to the back side of an FMT on its vibration range...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054102/supporting-faculty-during-pedagogical-change-through-reflective-teaching-practice-an-innovative-approach
#5
Deborah K Armstrong, Marilyn E Asselin
Given the recent calls for transformation of nursing education, it is critical that faculty be reflective educators. Reflective teaching practice is a process of self-examination and self-evaluation to gain insight into teaching to improve the teaching-learning experience. Limited attention has been given to this notion in the nursing education literature. An innovative reflective teaching practice approach for nursing education is proposed, consisting of question cues, journaling, and a process of facilitated meetings...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054100/recovery-based-interprofessional-distance-education-ride-graduate-student-responses
#6
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Andrea Franks
Graduate student attitudes (n = 28) were assessed before and after participation in interprofessional practitioner education (IPE). Twenty-eight graduate students participated (14 mental health nursing, 6 pharmacy, 4 nutrition, 4 exercise physiology); most had at least some health care experience. Posttest scores indicated gains on a majority of constructs measured. These results suggest that online-blended IPE content yields gains in team skills and attitudes. This study adds to a very small body of literature on IPE in graduate programs...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#7
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054091/early-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-as-compensatory-responses-to-parental-appearance-messages-and-appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity
#8
Kelly Densham, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents' weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring's heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents' appearance-RS...
October 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054085/species-specific-profiles-and-risk-assessment-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-coral-reef-fishes-from-the-south-china-sea
#9
Chang-Gui Pan, Ke-Fu Yu, Ying-Hui Wang, Rui-Jie Zhang, Xue-Yong Huang, Chao-Shuai Wei, Wei-Quan Wang, Wei-Bin Zeng, Zhen-Jun Qin
The contamination profiles of sixteen perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were examined in coral reef fish samples collected from the South China Sea (SCS) where no information about this topic was available in the literature. The results revealed that six PFAS were found in coral reef fish samples from the SCS. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was the most predominant PFAS contaminant detected in most of the samples, with the highest concentration value of 27.05 ng/g wet weight (ww) observed in Cephalopholis urodelus...
October 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054069/postmortem-distribution-of-chlorpyrifos-methyl-fenitrothion-and-their-metabolites-in-body-fluids-and-organ-tissues-of-an-intoxication-case
#10
Tatsunori Takayasu, Hiroki Yamamoto, Yuko Ishida, Mizuho Nosaka, Mariko Kawaguchi, Yumi Kuninaka, Akihiko Kimura, Toshikazu Kondo
We herein report a fatal intoxication case caused by the ingestion of the insecticides chlorpyrifos-methyl (CPFM) and fenitrothion (MEP). A 70-year-old man was found dead in his house and a cup containing a small amount of agricultural chemicals was on the table near his body. External and internal examinations revealed no injuries. In a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) screening test, CPFM, MEP, and their metabolites, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY) and 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3MNP), respectively, were qualitatively detected in his stomach contents...
October 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054053/leptin-reduces-microrna-122-level-in-hepatic-stellate-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#11
Xuguang Zhai, Fangyun Cheng, Li Ji, Xiaofei Zhu, Qing Cao, Yali Zhang, Xin Jia, Qian Zhou, Wei Guan, Yajun Zhou
Obese patients, often accompanied by hyperleptinemia, are more likely to develop liver fibrosis. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, augments inflammatory in liver and promotes hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation (a key step for liver fibrogenesis) and liver fibrosis. microRNA-122 (miR-122) is the most abundant liver-specific miRNA and can attenuate liver fibrosis. This study examined the effect of leptin on miR-122 level in HSCs in vivo and in vitro. Results demonstrated that leptin reduced the levels of both miR-122 (mature miR-122) and primary miR-122 (pri-miR-122)...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054044/metacognitive-deficits-in-categorization-tasks-in-a-population-with-impaired-inner-speech
#12
Peter Langland-Hassan, Christopher Gauker, Michael J Richardson, Aimee Dietz, Frank R Faries
This study examines the relation of language use to a person's ability to perform categorization tasks and to assess their own abilities in those categorization tasks. A silent rhyming task was used to confirm that a group of people with post-stroke aphasia (PWA) had corresponding covert language production (or "inner speech") impairments. The performance of the PWA was then compared to that of age- and education-matched healthy controls on three kinds of categorization tasks and on metacognitive self-assessments of their performance on those tasks...
October 17, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054035/combining-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-predictive-model-and-expertise-to-monitor-herb-extraction-processes
#13
Tongchuan Suo, Haixia Wang, Xiaojie Shi, Linlin Feng, Jiayou Cai, Yu Duan, Huimin Bao, Xiaolin Wu, Yue Zhang, Heshui Yu, Zheng Li
Albeit extensively utilized, herb extraction process (HEP) is hard to be monitored because of its batch nature and the fluctuating quality of raw materials. Process analytical tools like near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can offer nondestructive examinations and collect abundant data of the process, which in principle contain the information about the quality of both the product and the process itself. However, extra effort is often required for the data mining of such process measurements, and extracting knowledge of the quality of process can be even harder...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054031/mental-health-of-heroin-users-with-differing-injection-drug-use-histories-a-non-treatment-sample-of-mexican-american-young-adult-men
#14
Kathryn M Nowotny, Tasha Perdue, Alice Cepeda, Avelardo Valdez
BACKGROUND: While the comorbidity of mental health and injecting heroin has been documented, current research is limited by describing the mental health of people who inject drugs without a comparison group and by the lack of research on nontreatment samples in the United States, particularly among Hispanics. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of injecting history (never, former, occasional, and daily) and multiple outcomes of global and mental health using a sample of U...
October 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054029/endocranial-illuminator-a-technique-for-transilluminating-the-skull
#15
Nuttapon Surachotmongkhon, Nawaporn Techataweewan, Robert W Mann
A novel tool, the endocranial illuminator (EI), has been devised to facilitate examination of the interior of the intact human cranium. A number of the endocranial characteristics including cranial thickness, sutural complexities, and foramina are easy visible with this device. The EI enhances the accuracy of anatomical examination of the cranial vault in forensic, archaeological, and historical crania in those cases where they must remain intact. The EI is simple and inexpensive to construct and lightweight so it can be used in the laboratory or easily transported in the field...
October 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054024/social-skills-plus-relaxation-training-with-a-child-with-asd-in-the-schools
#16
Margaret T Floress, Kim Zoder-Martell, Rachel Schaub
A social skills plus relaxation training (SSRT) program was developed using direct training, relaxation training, and reinforcement principles. The aim was to examine the effectiveness of SSRT on increasing the frequency of three target behaviors for one 8-year-old, student classified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A multiple-baseline across behaviors design was used to evaluate the effects of SSRT. During baseline, intervention, and maintenance sessions the student's responses were videotaped and then subsequently viewed and coded after the session...
October 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054023/charting-the-territory-describing-the-functional-abilities-of-children-with-progressive-neurological-conditions
#17
Sandy K Tatla, Liisa Holsti, Gail Stephanie Andrews, Leanne Feichtinger, Rose Steele, Harold Siden
AIMS: Little is known about the functional abilities of children with progressive genetic, metabolic, or neurological conditions (PNCs). In this study, children with PNCs were followed over a 2-year period to assess their functional abilities over time. Specific aims were to: 1) describe the changes in functional skills and the effects of age for children with PNCs, 2) assess changes in these children's need for caregiver assistance over time, and 3) examine relationships between these children's functional skills and need for caregiver assistance...
October 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054016/job-burnout-predicts-decline-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-one-year-follow-up-study-in-female-nurses
#18
Min Zhang, Adrian Loerbroks, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether job burnout is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in employees with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we included 305 female hospital nurses with cardiovascular disease. Job burnout was measured by the 6-item Copenhagen Burnout Inventory at baseline. We categorized study participants into low, intermediate and high levels of job burnout based on tertiles. HRQOL at baseline and at one-year follow-up was operationalized in terms of the physical and mental functioning summary scores of the short form 8-item health survey (SF-8), which is an abbreviated version of the widely used SF-36 with score ranges of 0-100...
October 17, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054000/when-does-alcohol-hurt-a-driving-simulator-study
#19
Mark Vollrath, Josefine Fischer
World-wide, alcohol is still a major cause of traffic accidents. The dose-related accident risk function has been found in a large number of risk studies. A plethora of laboratory studies has examined the effect of alcohol with regard to different information processing capabilities of drivers. Summarizing the results, alcohol effects occur at lower blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) the more complex the tasks get. However, in contrast, typical alcohol-related crashes are frequently single vehicle crashes but not so often crashes in complex situations like at intersections...
October 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053997/association-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-role-of-mean-platelet-volume-or-club-cell-secretory-protein
#20
Chen Hu, Jian Hou, Yun Zhou, Huizhen Sun, Wenjun Yin, Youjian Zhang, Xian Wang, Guiyang Wang, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play an important role in the association between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of PAHs exposure with ASCVD risk and effects of mean platelet volume (MPV) or Club cell secretory protein (CC16) on the association. METHODS: A total of 2022 subjects (689 men and 1333 women) were drawn from the baseline Wuhan residents of the Wuhan-Zhuhai Cohort study...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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